A double degree program, sometimes called a dual degree, combined degree, conjoint degree, joint degree or double graduation program, involves a student's working for two university degrees in parallel—either at the same institution or at different institutions —and completing them in less time than it would have taken to earn them separately. The two degrees might be in two different subjects. Undergraduate double degree programs are more common in some countries than others, are found in countries whose higher education systems follow the British model. Master's double degree programs are more widespread. Interest in double degree programs between member nations has spread in the European Union, as the gaining of qualifications from more than one country is seen as an advantage in the European labour market. Typically—in a double degree program, both of the participating institutions reduce the amount of time required to be spent at each. Common undergraduate double degrees include Engineering and Economics programs and Business programs, such as Business and Computing.
They take 4–5 years to complete instead of 7–8 years to complete separate degrees. Common postgraduate double degrees are JD–MBA degrees, as well as MBA and JD degrees combined with MA fields, such as politics, urban planning, international relations. Many medical schools offer joint MD or DO degrees with JD and MBA programs, as well as with a range of MA programs; some universities offer dual PhD/MBA degrees, where the PhD portion is in science and/or engineering, to target entrepreneurs and venture capitalists. Double degrees should not be confused with double major, or with the occasional practice of awarding a further qualification with a worked-for degree, nor with the awarding of a single degree by multiple institutions. Double majors or dual majors consist of two majors attached to a single degree, as opposed to two separate degrees, each with its own field of study. In some schools, students will earn a double major when the two majors lead to the same degree name and they will earn a double degree when the two majors lead to differently-named degrees.
In general, the number of hours and required courses are more in a dual-degree program than a double major. In the United States, a dual degree program is based on a formal agreement within one college/university or between separate colleges/universities. Students spend two to three years in each degree program. After completing all requirements for both programs the student is awarded two degrees in one of the following combinations: Associate's and Bachelor's programs – an associate degree from a community college and a bachelor's degree from a partner university. One specific example of a dual bachelor's program is the 3-2 engineering program, which most takes the form of a student completing three years of study at his or her original institution a liberal arts college, going to a partnered research university for two years to complete an engineering degree; the student receives a bachelor's degree from both institutions. In Canada, Australia and—increasingly—Hong Kong, many teacher candidates study for a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Education.
These are known as “concurrent-education” programs. In India, integrated dual degree programs – bachelor's degree and master's degree in 5 years – are floated by the Indian Institutes of Technology. Dual degrees can be from the same school, or from two colleges/universities that entered a dual degree agreement. Students enter a dual degree program to accelerate their education or to enrich their professional portfolio by adding a new major. Undergraduate Brunei – UNISSAProvide a double degree for Bachelor of Law and Bachelor of Sharia Law Canada – University of Waterloo & Wilfrid Laurier UniversityOffer two double degree programs spanning both schools. Students are able to obtain a Bachelor of Business Administration from Wilfrid Laurier University and either a Bachelor of Mathematics or a Bachelor of Computer Science from the University of Waterloo; this undergraduate program takes five years to complete and allows students to take part in a wide range of activities offered at both schools.
France – Canada: Dual bachelor's degree between Sciences Po and the University of British ColumbiaFor the first two years of their undergraduate studies students attend one of Sciences Po's three regional campuses. Their final two years of study can be matriculated at the Faculty of Arts or the Sauder School of Business. Double degree leading to a Bachelor of Arts from Sciences Po and either a second Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of British Columbia. Indonesia – Universitas Indonesia & University of Newcastle Upon TyneUniversitas Indonesia is among the first universities in Indonesia to offer a double degree program; this was early introduced into their Faculty of Medicine through the 3+1 scheme. Students will receive a degree from Universitas Indonesia and another from University of Newcastle Upon Tyne together with the Medical Doctor earned during the profes
James Price Dillard is a distinguished professor of Communication Arts and Sciences Department at Penn State University. He has authored and co-authored over 50 manuscripts on the role of emotion and persuasive influence. Dillard graduated in 1976 from the University of Kansas with a Bachelor's degree in Speech Communication and Psychology. In 1978, he earned his Master's degree in Communication from Arizona State University and in 1983, he received a Ph. D. in Communication from Michigan State University. Dillard is teaching Measurement in Communication Science and Persuasive Message Processing classes at Penn State University, his awards include the NCA Golden Anniversary Award for the most outstanding, Distinguished Book Award and Social Cognition Division of the National Communication Association and many others. Dillard is most known in the academic world for his views on persuasion, his research aims to enhance understanding of the role of emotion in persuasion and interpersonal influence.
Dillard has done many studies of the use of affect in our environmental interactions. He theorizes how emotion guide our behavior in our everyday interactions. Dillard concludes that affect affects human behavior in three main ways: The primary function of affect is to guide behavior. Affect evolved. For human beings, the most important environment was the social environment. Affect evolved in the service of social interaction. Human beings strategically manage their affective states; the relative utility of these efforts can be judged only by reference to the environment. Dillard explains how affect is each one affecting the other. Affect as "phasic" acting with emotion. If someone feels fear from a stimulus they run away from that stimulus. If someone feels happiness when around a certain stimulus they would approach that stimulus, but Dillard concludes that emotions more involved than just approach and withdrawal: "If we view emotions as phasic responses to the environment, the other side of the solution is the tonic state of the organism.
Any decision as to the appropriate course of action must depend on the resources available to the organism at the time the action is required. The experiential aspect of moods can be thought of as a readout of the operating level of the organism's various biopsychological systems." "Affect enables organisms to address the challenges posed by interaction with the environment. One fundamental problem is how to acquire the resources that enable reproduction. Social life-forms have adopted a strategy for solving that problem, which depends on cooperation and role specialization." Dillard takes on a Darwinian perspective on affect: it evolved out of a need for survival. Affect might serve as the basis of communication. Communication is emotion-manifesting when it provides information about the internal state of the actor. Communication can be emotion-inducing. Dillard concludes that mood is a complex phenomenon, but it may be simplified as being either positive or negative. If a person is in a negative mood his or her reactions will be skewed towards the negative.
A negative mood assumes that resources are depleted and takes into account challenging interactions with one's environment. If a person is in a positive mood one feels he has ample resources to react to environmental stimulus. Be it a positive or a negative mood, Dillard considers this state to be a persons "tonic" state, or baseline mood; when the "phasic" and "tonic" states are combined, a reaction to stimulus is considered to be natural. "Dominance and affiliation relations are efficient means of regulating resource distribution and arguably the defining ingredients in the human experience. The communication of emotion is central to the development and modification of these structures." 1971-76 B. A. Speech Communication & Psychology. University of Kansas. 1976-78 M. A. Communication. Arizona State University. 1978-83 Ph. D. Communication. Michigan State University. 1982-83 Visiting Assistant Professor. Department of Communication Arts. University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1983-1989 Assistant Professor. Department of Communication Arts.
University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1989-1994 Associate Professor. Department of Communication Arts. University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1992 Special Member of the Graduate Faculty. University of Maryland, College Park-College Park. 1993-2003 Director. Center for Communication Research. University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1994-2004 Professor. Department of Communication Arts. University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1997-1999 Associate Chair. Department of Communication Arts, University of Wisconsin–Madison. 1999-fall Visiting Professor. Department of Communication. Michigan State University. 2001-spring Visiting Professor. Department of Communication. Kent State University. 2004-2007 Visiting Professor. Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin–Madison. 2004–present Professor, Department of Communication Arts & Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University Dillard, J. P... Seeking compliance: The production of interpersonal influence messages. Scottsdale, AZ: Gorsuch-Scarisbrick. Dillard, J. P. & Wilson, B. J.. Special issue of Communication Research on The Role of Affect in Persuading and Informing.
Burgoon, M. & Dillard, J. P.. Special issue of Communication Research on Social Influence. Wilson, S. R. Greene, J. O. & Dillard, J. P.. Special issue of Communication Theory on Message Production. Dillard, J. P. & Pfau, M.. The persuasion handbook: Developments in theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Dillard, J. P. & Shen
Libohovë is a town and a municipality in southern Albania. It has a main street with views across the Drino valley. Libohovë is at the foot of the Bureto Mountain; the region forms part of the Zagori Regional Nature Park located in Zagori region. The municipality was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Libohovë, Qendër Libohovë and Zagori, that became municipal units; the seat of the municipality is the town Libohovë. The total population is 3,667, in a total area of 248.42 km2. The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 1,992; the archaeological evidence indicates a ancient settlement which reached its zenith in the 17th century. It may be the exact site of present Dropull's former Catholic Diocese of Hadrianopolis in Epiro. In the late 17th century, the Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi passed through Libohovë noting it was inhabited by Muslim Albanians and had 200 houses, a mosque, prayer house and small bathhouse, it is the home of a well-known Albanian noble family.
Prior to the communist era they held considerable sway over the country's politics. The castle is a substantial fortress with four polygonal corner towers and a curtain wall surrounding a wide courtyard; the sister of Ali Pasha of Tepelenë, married one of the most important members of the Libohovë family and the castle was the dowry that Ali Pasha presented to her. In the town centre was an old plane tree. In the centre is the house of Myfit Libohovë, a renowned politician, the first minister of internal affairs and foreign affairs serving in the Albanian Government of 1912. During the interwar period Libohovë was a well watered and wealthy settlement located among extensive groves containing 500 houses, its inhabitants spoke Albanian and were Muslim. Libohovë was a centre for the Muslim Sufi Bektashi order with several tekkes located in Dropull. Libohovë Castle is the most visited site in city. Myfit Bej Libohova's home is located in the centre of the city. Myfit Libohova, Albanian government member on nine occasions from 1912 until his death in 1927, holding the positions of Justice Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Finance, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
He was the founder of the Bank of Albania. Abedin Nepravishta, twice former mayor of Tirana, during 1933-1935 and 1937–1939 Servet Libohova, mayor of Tiranë Vasileios of Dryinoupolis, Minister of Justice and Religion of the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus, from Labova e Kryqit Avni Rustemi, leftist activist of the 1920s. Nexhmie Zaimi, Albanian American author and journalist Kadri Gjata, Albanian educator
Saba is a neighbourhood in Kampong Ayer, the stilt settlement on the Brunei River in Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei. It is a mukim in Brunei-Muara District, as well as parts of the capital's municipal areas; as a mukim, it is headed by a penghulu and the acting incumbent is Mayalin bin Saat. Saba comprises five sub-neighbourhoods, which are designated as villages, subdivisions of mukim, they include: Saba Darat'A' Saba Darat'B' Saba Laut Saba Tengah Saba Ujong Saba Darat Primary School is the sole primary school in Saba. There is Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Religious School, which provides Islamic religious primary education, compulsory for Muslim pupils in the country; the Balai Ibadat of Mukim Saba serves the Muslim residents of Saba for congregational Islamic prayers and activities
Keith Ian Neale is an English former professional footballer who played in the Football League for Birmingham City and Lincoln City. He played as an inside forward. Neale was born in the Yardley district of Birmingham, he played in the Birmingham Works League for the Metropolitan works team before joining Birmingham City as an amateur, in August 1953. He remained in the junior teams for some time before making his debut in the League Division on 10 April 1957, deputising for Gordon Astall at outside right in the local derby at home to Aston Villa, a game which Birmingham lost 2–1, he played once more that season and three times in 1957–58, standing in variously for Eddy Brown and Noel Kinsey, but the strength of Birmingham's forward line in the mid-1950s was such that Neale was only considered as a reserve. In November 1957 he joined Second Division club Lincoln City, but played only nine games in all competitions before dropping down into non-league football at the end of the 1958–59 season.
He spent the next season with Kettering Town of the Southern League, scoring 18 goals from 32 games, played for Boston United and Gainsborough Trinity. Keith Neale at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database
Ursula Mamlok was a German-born American composer and teacher. Mamlok was born as Ursula Meyer in Berlin, into a Jewish family, studied piano and composition with Professor Gustav Ernest and Emily Weissgerber until her family fled Nazi Germany following the nationwide pogrom in 1938. Due to American immigration quotas, the family moved to Ecuador. Ursula immigrated alone to New York City in 1940 to attend the Mannes School of Music, which had offered her full scholarship on the basis of one of her compositions, her parents followed in 1941. She became an American citizen in 1945. During four years at the Mannes School Mamlok studied under the direction of George Szell, she received a bachelor's and master's degree at the Manhattan School of Music in the 1950s, studying with Vittorio Giannini. Other teachers include Roger Sessions and Ralph Shapey in composition and Eduard Steuermann, one of the foremost piano pedagogues at the time, in performance. Though Hindemith was one of her earliest influences, Mamlok credited the works of serial composers, including Schoenberg and Webern, as having the greatest impact on her compositional style.
She said: "My music is colorful, with the background of tonality – tonal centers … I can't shake it completely." Mamlok composed extensively for small chamber ensembles of various configurations as well as works for piano. However, her output included a few pieces for orchestra, including a concerto for oboe. Other works included several songs, as well as works for chamber ensemble. Mamlok's husband, Dwight Mamlok, wrote the text for her 1987 song "Der Andreasgarten". Of her own compositional style and pieces she said: My main concern is that the music should convey the various emotions in it with clarity and conviction, it interests me to accomplish this with a minimum of material, transforming it in such multiple way so as to give the impression of ever-new ideas that are like the flowers of a plant, all related yet each one different. An influential teacher, Mamlok held many university positions including placements at: New York University, City University of New York, Temple University, Kingsborough Community College and the Manhattan School of Music, where she taught for four decades.
She served on the board of the League of Composers/International Society for Contemporary Music. Mamlok had received two National Endowment for the Arts Grants, a Fromm Foundation Grant, a Fellowship from the Guggenheim Foundation and commissions from various organizations, including the Koussevitzky Foundation, the Eastman School of Music, the Alaria Chamber Ensemble and the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra. In 1984, When Summer Sang, a chamber work for flute, violin and piano, was chosen to represent the United States at the International Rostrum of Composers. Mamlok received a Commendation of Excellence in 1987 "for her contribution to the world of concert music." The C. F. Peters Corporation, American Composers Edition, McGuinness and Marx, Casia Publishing, Hildegard Publishing companies have published Mamlok's compositions, she made. In 2006, Mamlock moved to Berlin, where she died on May 4, 2016. Alba Lucía Potes Cortés Alex Shapiro Tania León From My Garden, Sonata – Catherine Tait, violin.
1, Polyphony No. 1, Confluences, 2000 Notes, Rhapsody Cantata based on Psalm 1. Accessed July 29, 2010. Petersen, Barbara. "Mamlok, Ursula", Grove Music Online Accessed April 19, 2007. "Sigma Alpha Iota Philanthropies, Inc" Accessed April 20, 2007. Habakuk Traber: Time in Flux: die Wien. 23/1-2. Official website Interview with Ursula Mamlok, July 25, 1996