Doublet (clothing)

A doublet is a man's snug-fitting jacket, shaped and fitted to the man's body, worn in Spain and was spread to Western Europe from the late Middle Ages up to the mid-17th century. The doublet was worn over the shirt or drawers; until the end of the 15th century, the doublet was worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, overtunic or jerkin when in public. It was a mere stitched and quilted lining, worn under a hauberk or cuirass to prevent bruising and chafing. Doublets were sometimes opened to the waistline in a deep V; the edges might be laced across the shirt front. If there was space left it might be filled with a stomacher. By the 1520s, the edges of the doublet more met at the center front. Like many other practical items in the history of men's wear, from the late 15th century onward it became elaborated enough to be seen on its own. Throughout the 300 years of its use, the doublet served the same purpose: to give fashionable shape and padding to the body, to support the hose by providing ties, to provide warmth to the body.

The only things that changed about the doublet over its history was its cut. It was fashionable until the 1600s; the doublet developed from the padded garments worn under armour, such as the gambeson and arming doublet. Doublets of the 14th and 15th centuries were hip-length, sometimes shorter, worn over the shirt and hose, with a houppelande or other form of overgown. From the late 14th century, doublets were cut and padded to give the wearer an egg-shaped or pigeon-breasted silhouette, a fashion that died out in favor of a flatter natural fit. Through the Tudor period, fashionable doublets remained close-fitting with baggy sleeves, elaborate surface decoration such as pinks, slashes and applied braid. In the early Elizabethan period, doublets were padded over the belly with bombast in a "pouter pigeon" or "peascod" silhouette. Sleeve attachments at the shoulder were disguised by decorative wings, tabs, or piccadills, short skirt-like peplums or piccadills covered the waist of the hose or breeches.

Padding fell out of fashion again, the doublet became close-fitting with a deep V-waistline. More images: Edward VI in an elaborately trimmed and pinked, long-skirted late Tudor doublet under a crimson gown with hanging sleeves. Martin Frobisher in a peascod-bellied doublet under a buff jerkin. Sir Philip Sidney, when governor of Flushing in the Low Countries, chose to be portrayed in his doublet, but still in a gorget, as if he were caught in the act of setting aside his armour to institute a civil government. By the 17th century, doublets were short-waisted. A typical sleeve of this period slashed to show the shirt beneath. Decorative ribbon points were pulled through eyelets on the breeches and the waist of the doublet to keep the breeches in place, were tied in elaborate bows; the doublet fell permanently out of fashion in the mid-17th century when Louis XIV of France and Charles II of England established a court costume for men consisting of a long coat, a waistcoat, a cravat, a wig, breeches—the ancestor of the modern suit.

1500–1550 in fashion 1550–1600 in fashion 1600–1650 in fashion 1650-1700 in fashion Janet Arnold: Patterns of Fashion: the cut and construction of clothes for men and women 1560-1620, pajama 1985. Revised edition 1986. 15th Century Doublets

Narrows (band)

Narrows is an American mathcore band based in Seattle, but with members "spread out across both the United States and two continents." The band has been described as a supergroup, as its lineup includes Dave Verellen of Botch and members of bands including Unbroken, These Arms Are Snakes and Bullet Union. Narrows is a part-time band. All members are starting their own families. Jodie Cox – guitar Ryan Frederiksen – guitar Sam Stothers – drums Dave Verellen – vocals Rob Moranbass guitar New Distances Painted Narrows Heiress / Narrows Narrows / Retox "Chambered" "Gypsy Kids" "TB Positive" Official website Narrows on Facebook

Jay Pierrepont Moffat Jr.

Not to be confused with Jay Pierrepont Moffat. Jay Pierrepont "Peter" Moffat Jr. is an American diplomat. He was the United States Ambassador to Chad from 1983 to 1985, he was the first ambassador to the newly reopened U. S. Embassy in N'Djamena, he is a member of the Butler-Belmont family. Jay Moffat was born in 1932, his father was the United States Ambassador to Canada, Jay Pierrepont Moffat and his grandfather was the United States Ambassador to Japan, Joseph Clark Grew who tried hard to avert the pacific stage of the World War II. He was the grandnephew of Seth Low Pierrepont and nephew of Abbot Low Moffat. On December 28, 1953, Moffat married Pamela Mary Dawson, he graduated from Harvard University with an A. B. in 1953. Moffat served in the United States Army from 1953 to 1956. In 1956 he entered the U. S Foreign Service as intelligence research officer in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, he was consular officer in Kobe and Osaka, from 1958 to 1960, political officer in Paris, from 1961 to 1965.

In the State Department he served as officer in charge of Benelux affairs at the Bureau of European Affairs from 1965 to 1968, staff assistant to the Secretary of State from 1968 to 1969. He was a political officer in Bern, from 1969 to 1970, Deputy Chief of Mission in Port of Spain and Tobago from 1971 to 1974. In 1974, he attended the NATO Defense College in Italy. From 1974 to 1976 he was Deputy Executive Secretary in the State Department, he was Deputy Chief of Mission in Rabat, from 1976 to 1980 and attended the Executive Seminar in National and International Affairs at the Foreign Service Institute from 1980 to 1981. He was chargé d'affaires in N'Djamena, beginning in March 1982, taking over duties from John Blane, who had reopened the embassy that January. On April 28, 1983, he was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to be the United States Ambassador to Chad, he was promoted from chargé and confirmed on May 27, 1983. He left that post on July 23, 1985, he was, in turn, succeeded as Ambassador by his predecessor as John Blane.

He is a lineal descendant of negotiator of the Treaty of Paris and first US Chief Justice. Moffat's foreign languages are French and Russian. Butler-Belmont family United States Department of State: Chiefs of Mission for Chad United States Department of State: Chad United States Embassy in N'Djamena This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website