The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California. Their music, writes Lenny Kaye, touches on ground that most other groups dont even know exists and these various influences were distilled into a diverse and psychedelic whole that made the Grateful Dead the pioneering Godfathers of the jam band world. The band was ranked 57th by Rolling Stone magazine in its The Greatest Artists of All Time issue, the Grateful Dead have sold more than 35 million albums worldwide. The Grateful Dead was founded in the San Francisco Bay Area amid the rise of the counterculture of the 1960s, the founding members were Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Ron Pigpen McKernan, Phil Lesh, and Bill Kreutzmann. Members of the Grateful Dead had played together in various San Francisco bands, including Mother McCrees Uptown Jug Champions, Lesh was the last member to join the Warlocks before they became the Grateful Dead, he replaced Dana Morgan Jr. who had played bass for a few gigs. Drummer Mickey Hart and nonperforming lyricist Robert Hunter joined in 1967, with the exception of McKernan, who died in 1973, and Hart, who took time off from 1971 to 1974, the core of the band stayed together for its entire 30-year history.
The other official members of the band are Tom Constanten, John Perry Barlow, Keith Godchaux, Donna Godchaux, Brent Mydland, pianist Bruce Hornsby was a touring member from 1990 to 1992, as well as guesting with the band on occasion before and after the tours. After the death of Jerry Garcia in 1995, former members of the band, along with musicians, toured as the Other Ones in 1998,2000, and 2002, and the Dead in 2003,2004. In 2015, the four surviving core members marked the bands 50th anniversary in a series of concerts that were billed as their last performances together. There have been several spin-offs featuring one or more members, such as Dead & Company, the Rhythm Devils, Phil Lesh & Friends, RatDog. The Grateful Dead began their career as the Warlocks, a group formed in early 1965 from the remnants of a Palo Alto, the bands first show was at Magoos Pizza located at 639 Santa Cruz Avenue in suburban Menlo Park, California, on May 5,1965. They were initially known as the Warlocks, the Velvet Underground was using that name on the East Coast, the show was not recorded but the set list has been preserved.
Gigging as a bar band, the group changed its name after finding out that another band of the same name had signed a recording contract. The first show under the new name Grateful Dead was in San Jose, California on December 4,1965, at one of Ken Keseys Acid Tests. Earlier demo tapes have survived, but the first of over 2,000 concerts known to have recorded by the bands fans was a show at the Fillmore Auditorium in San Francisco on January 8,1966. Later that month, the Grateful Dead played at the Trips Festival, the name Grateful Dead was chosen from a dictionary. According to Phil Lesh, in his autobiography, picked up an old Britannica World Language Dictionary. In that silvery elf-voice he said to me, man, the definition there was the soul of a dead person, or his angel, showing gratitude to someone who, as an act of charity, arranged their burial
A luthier is someone who builds or repairs string instruments generally consisting of a neck and a sound box. The word luthier comes from the French word luth, which means lute, a luthier was originally a maker of lutes, but the term now includes makers of stringed instruments such as the violin or classical guitar. A luthier does not make harps or pianos, as these require different skills, the craft of making string instruments, or lutherie, is commonly divided into two main categories, makers of stringed instruments that are plucked or strummed, and those that are bowed. Since bowed instruments require a bow, the category includes a subtype known as a bow maker or archetier. Luthiers may teach string-instrument making, either through apprenticeship or formal classroom instruction, Antonio Torres Jurado is credited with developing the form of classical guitar still in use today. Christian Frederick Martin of Germany developed a form evolved into the modern steel-string acoustic guitar. The American luthier Orville Gibson specialized in mandolins, and is credited with creating the archtop guitar, the important 20th-century American luthiers John DAngelico and Jimmy DAquisto made archtop guitars.
Lloyd Loar worked briefly for the Gibson Guitar Corporation making mandolins and his designs for a family of arch top instruments are held in high esteem by todays luthiers, who seek to reproduce their sound. Concurrent with Fenders work, guitarist Les Paul independently developed an electric guitar. A company founded by luthier Friedrich Gretsch and continued by his son and grandson and Fred, Jr. originally made banjos, vintage guitars are often sought by collectors. Bowed instruments include, crwth, double bass, fiddle, mouthbow, hurdy-gurdy, rebec, viol, viola da braccio, viola damore, the purported inventor of the violin is Andrea Amati. Amati was originally a maker, but turned to the new instrument form of violin in the mid-16th century. He was the progenitor of the famous Amati family of luthiers active in Cremona and his eldest was Antonio Amati, and the younger, Girolamo Amati. It is even possible Bartolomeo Cristofori, inventor of the piano, gasparo da Salò of Brescia was another important early luthier of the violin family.
About 80 of his instruments survive, and around 100 documents that relate to his work and he was a double bass player and son and nephew of two violin players and Agosti, respectively. Gasparo Duiffopruggar of Füssen, was incorrectly credited as the inventor of the violin. He was likely an important maker, but no documentation survives, da Salò made many instruments and exported to France and Spain, and probably to England. He had at least five apprentices, his son Francesco, a helper named Battista, Alexander of Marsiglia, Maggini inherited da Salòs business in Brescia
Mickey Hart is an American percussionist and musicologist. He is best known as one of the two drummers of the rock band Grateful Dead and he was a member of the Grateful Dead from September 1967 to February 1971 and from October 1974 to August 1995. He and fellow Dead drummer Bill Kreutzmann earned the nickname the rhythm devils, michael Steven Hartman was born in Brooklyn and grew up on Long Island attending Lawrence High School before dropping out as a senior and leaving for Europe. Hart became interested in percussion as a grade-school student, a few months out of high school he discovered the work of Nigerian drummer Babatunde Olatunji. Olatunji taught Hart and collaborated with Hart and the Grateful Dead on a regular basis. Before joining the Grateful Dead and his father, Leonard Hart, Hart joined the Grateful Dead in September 1967 and left in February 1971 when he extricated himself from the band due to conflict between band management and his father. During his sabbatical in 1972 he recorded the album Rolling Thunder and he returned to the Dead in 1974 and remained with the group until their official dissolution in 1995.
Collaboration with the members of the Grateful Dead continued under the name The Dead. Alongside his work with the Grateful Dead, Hart has flourished as a solo artist, percussionist, in these endeavors he has pursued a lifelong interest in ethnomusicology and in world music. His travels and his interest in all things percussion-related led him to collect percussion instruments and he is on the Board of Trustees of the American Folklife Center and has been a spokesperson for the Save Our Sounds audio preservation initiative. He serves on the Library of Congress National Recorded Sound Preservation Board and is known for reissues and other recordings with historical and cultural value. In 1991, Hart produced the album Planet Drum, which remained at #1 on the Billboard World Music chart for 26 weeks, Hart has written books on the history and traditions of drumming throughout history. His solo recordings are percussive but verge on New Age and his enthusiasm for world music traditions and preservation and collaborative efforts is comparable to that of guitarist Ry Cooder.
In 1994, Mickey Hart was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Grateful Dead. In 2003, he was honored with the organizations Music Has Power Award, recognizing his advocacy, Hart was a judge for the 3rd annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists careers. After the death of Jerry Garcia and the consequent dissolution of the Grateful Dead in 1995, in the 1996 Furthur Festival, Mickey Harts Mystery Box played, as did Bob Weirs band Ratdog. In 2005, Hart and the members of the band Particle joined to create the Hydra Project, the band features songs from their respective repertoires as well as new songs written by Jerry Garcias songwriting companion Robert Hunter. The Rhythm Devils announced their first tour in 2006, which ended at the popular Vegoose festival in Las Vegas, in June and July 2008, Hart led the Mickey Hart Band on a US concert tour
Jerome John Jerry Garcia was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, best known for his work with the band the Grateful Dead, which came to prominence during the counterculture era in the 1960s. Though he disavowed the role, Garcia was viewed by many as the leader or spokesman of the group, one of its founders, Garcia performed with the Grateful Dead for their entire thirty-year career. He released solo albums, and contributed to a number of albums by other artists over the years as a session musician. He was well known for his guitar playing and was ranked 13th in Rolling Stones 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time cover story. Later in life, Garcia was sometimes ill because of his diabetes, Jerry Garcias ancestors on his fathers side were from Galicia in northwest Spain. His mothers ancestors were Irish and Swedish and he was born in the Excelsior District of San Francisco, California, on August 1,1942, to Jose Ramon Joe Garcia and Ruth Marie Bobbie Garcia, who was herself born in San Francisco.
His parents named him after composer Jerome Kern, Jerome John was their second child, preceded by Clifford Ramon Tiff, who was born in 1937. Garcia was influenced by music at an age, taking piano lessons for much of his childhood. His father was a professional musician and his mother enjoyed playing the piano. His fathers extended family—who had emigrated from Spain in 1919—would often sing during reunions, Garcia experienced several tragedies during his youth. At age four, while the family was vacationing in the Santa Cruz Mountains and his brother Tiff were chopping wood. Jerry steadied a piece of wood with his finger, but Tiff miscalculated, after his mother wrapped his hand in a towel, Garcias father drove him over 30 miles to the nearest hospital. A few weeks later, Garcia — who had not looked at his finger since the accident — was surprised to discover most of it missing when the bandage he was wearing came off during a bath. Garcia confided that he used it to his advantage in his youth.
Less than a year after he lost most of his finger, vacationing with his family near Arcata in Northern California in 1947, Garcias father went fly fishing in the Trinity River, part of the Six Rivers National Forest. Not long after entering the river, Garcias father slipped on a rock and he drowned before other fishermen could reach him. Blair Jackson, who wrote Garcia, An American Life, lends weight to McNallys claim, jacksons evidence, a local newspaper article describing Joses death failed to mention Garcia was present when his father died. Following the accident, Garcias mother took over her husbands bar, as a result, Ruth Garcia began working full-time, sending Jerry and his brother to live nearby with her parents and William Clifford
Tiger was Jerry Garcias main guitar from 1979 to 1989. It was built by Sonoma County luthier Doug Irwin, the Tiger is named after the tiger inlaid on the preamp cover located on the guitars top, just behind the tailpiece. The combination of several varieties of wood, plus solid brass binding. After Garcia began using a new Irwin guitar in December 1989, due to a problem with Rosebud during the Grateful Dead concert on July 9,1995, Tiger was the last guitar Garcia played publicly. The electronics of Garcias Irwin guitars are unique, and feature an onboard preamp, much like a Stratocaster, the three pickups are selected with a five-way switch. From the preamp, the signal could be routed via a mini-toggle on the face to pass through a Y-cable to Garcias effects rack. This onboard effects loop serves to send the output of Tigers pickups to the effects while allowing the guitars volume control to vary the final output. Tiger started with DiMarzio Dual Sound humbuckers in the middle and bridge positions with a DiMarzio SDs-1 single coil at the neck, the humbuckers were switched to Dimarzio Super IIs in 1982.
Each of the humbuckers is equipped with a coil cut switch, after Garcias death, a dispute arose between Irwin and the Grateful Dead regarding ownership of Garcias Irwin guitars. In his will, Garcia gave possession of instruments to Irwin. The parties reached a settlement where Irwin was awarded Garcias more famous instruments, Irwin sold his guitars, the Tiger and the Wolf, at auction on May 8,2002. The Tiger was purchased by Jim Irsay for USD850,000, the price, including commission was USD957,000. Doug Irwin Alembic Inc Jerry Garcia Grateful Dead List of guitars Guitar portal Selvin, ISBN 978-0-87930-893-3 Tiger on Dozin. com Tiger at Garcia Guitars and Gear Directory
Philip Chapman Lesh is a musician and a founding member of the Grateful Dead, with whom he played bass guitar throughout their 30-year career. Phil Lesh & Friends helped keep a legitimate entity for the music to continue. Recently, Lesh has opened a venue called Terrapin Crossroads. He scaled back his touring regimen in 2014 but continues to perform with Phil Lesh & Friends at select venues, from 2009 to 2014 he performed in Furthur alongside his former Grateful Dead band mate Bob Weir. Lesh was born in Berkeley and started out as a violin player, while enrolled at Berkeley High School, he switched to trumpet. Studying the instrument under Bob Hansen, conductor of the symphonic Golden Gate Park Band, he developed a keen interest in classical music. Upon dropping out, he auditioned for the renowned Sixth Army Band with the assistance of Hansen but was ultimately determined to be unfit for military service. Shortly thereafter, he enrolled at the College of San Mateo, while volunteering for KPFA as a recording engineer during this period, he met bluegrass banjo player Jerry Garcia.
Despite seemingly opposite musical interests, they formed a friendship. This was a turn of events, as Lesh had never played bass before. According to Lesh, the first song he rehearsed with the band was I Know You Rider and he joined them for their third or fourth gig and stayed until the end. Since Lesh had never played bass, it meant that to an extent he learned on the job. In his autobiography, he credits Jack Casady as an influence on the direction his instincts were leading him into. Lesh was an innovator in the new role that the electric bass developed during the mid-1960s, while not abandoning these aspects, Lesh took his own improvised excursions during a song or instrumental. This was an aspect of the so-called San Francisco Sound in the new rock music. In many Dead jams, Leshs wise and inventive bass is, in essence, Leshs high tenor voice contributed to the Grateful Deads four-part harmony sections in their group vocals in the early days of the band, until he relinquished singing high parts to Donna Godchaux.
In the 1980s, he resumed singing, but as a baritone and his interest in avant-garde music was a crucial influence on the Dead. In 1994, he was inducted into The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Grateful Dead
Alembic is an American manufacturer of high-end electric basses and preamps. Founded in 1969, they began manufacturing pre-amps before building complete instruments, soon the group was active in sound recording and repairing guitars and basses, and PA systems. To boost the low output of these pickups, Wickersham designed an active onboard preamp, Turner referred to this process as Alembicizing. The companys first instrument was a guitar, made in 1972 for Jack Casady. This bass incorporated a massive electronics suite, with state variable filtering capability, financial problems were alleviated after a 1973 story on the company in Rolling Stone, which generated enough cashflow for a standardized bass guitar line based on the Guild Starfire. At that time, the company had two locations—guitars and electronics were built in Cotati, and the office was in Sebastopol. 1973 was the year that Stanley Clarke, with Return to Forever, replaced his Gibson EB-2 with an Alembic and their bass guitars were expensive, costing up to three times as much as a new Fender bass.
According to Tony Bacon and Barry Moorhouse, it was Alembic that started the trend of high-quality, in 1974, Matthews left the company. The recording studio had been sold, as was a store in San Francisco where they had sold high-end audio equipment besides their own electronics. The first production Alembic instruments were less ornate, and incorporated the PF-5 electronics circuit, the pickups were single-coil, with an active hum-cancelling coil mounted between the pickups. This configuration gave the player the fidelity of single-coil pickups without their inherent noise, the basses and guitars built using this configuration would become known as the Series I and II, and were available in a variety of scale lengths and body shapes. In 1976, Alembic built what is believed to be the first modern five string bass for bassist Jimmy Johnson, Alembics January 21,1977 price list described the five string bass as a standard model, available for $50 more than its four string bass. In 1977, Alembic presented the worlds first graphite neck basses with necks supplied by Geoff Gould at a trade show, production of graphite-necked instruments ceased in 1985.
In 1978, Rick Turner left the company to found Turner Guitars, in 1979, the Distillate, a more affordable model, was introduced in bass and guitar versions. Through the 1980s, Alembic introduced several new models and these included the Spoiler and Europa basses, and the Electrum and California Special guitars. Alembics model line has continued to expand to the present day, with such as the Epic, Excel. Key design elements from the earliest instruments are present in Alembic’s instruments today. They feature active electronics and brass hardware, a variety of body shapes have been introduced