2008 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2008 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champions – Philadelphia Phillies American League Champions – Tampa Bay Rays National League Champions – Philadelphia Phillies Postseason – October 1 to October 29Click on any series score to link to that series' page. Higher seed had home field advantage during League Championship Series; the American League champion has home field advantage during the World Series as a result of the AL victory in the All-Star Game. Minor League Baseball Triple-A Championship: Sacramento River Cats International League: Scranton/Wilkes Barre Yankees Pacific Coast League: Sacramento River Cats Mexican League: Diablos Rojos del México AA Eastern League: Trenton Thunder Southern League: Mississippi Braves Texas League: Arkansas Travelers A California League: Stockton Ports Carolina League: Potomac Nationals Florida State League: Daytona Cubs Midwest League: Burlington Bees South Atlantic League: Augusta GreenJackets New York–Penn League: Batavia Muckdogs Northwest League: Spokane Indians Rookie Appalachian League: Elizabethton Twins Gulf Coast League: Gulf Coast Phillies Pioneer League: Great Falls Voyagers Arizona League: Arizona League Giants Independent baseball leagues Alaska Baseball League: Anchorage Glacier Pilots American Association: Sioux Falls Canaries Atlantic League: Somerset Patriots Canadian-American Association: Sussex Skyhawks Frontier League: Windy City ThunderBolts Golden Baseball League: Orange County Flyers Northern League: Kansas City T-Bones United League Baseball: Amarillo Dillas Amateur College College World Series: Fresno State NCAA Division II: Mount Olive College NCAA Division III: Trinity College NAIA: Lewis-Clark State College Youth Big League World Series: Taylors, South Carolina Junior League World Series: Waipi`o, Hawaii Little League World Series: Willemstad, Curaçao Senior League World Series: Upper Deerfield, New Jersey International National teams Summer Olympics at Beijing, China: South Korea.
Executives Barney Dreyfuss, Bowie Kuhn and Walter O'Malley and managers Billy Southworth and Dick Williams are inducted following their election by the Veterans Committee. Larry Whiteside, sportswriter for The Boston Globe from 1973 until 2004, receives the J. G. Taylor Spink Award. Dave Niehaus, broadcaster for the Seattle Mariners since 1977, receives the Ford C. Frick Award. MVP Awards American League – Dustin Pedroia National League – Albert Pujols Cy Young Awards American League – Cliff Lee National League – Tim Lincecum Rookie of the Year Awards American League Evan Longoria National League Geovany Soto Manager of the Year Awards American League – Joe Maddon National League – Lou Piniella Silver Slugger AwardsAmerican LeagueDH: Aubrey Huff C: Joe Mauer 1B: Justin Morneau 2B: Dustin Pedroia 3B: Alex Rodriguez SS: Derek Jeter OF: Josh Hamilton OF: Carlos Quentin OF: Grady Sizemore National LeagueP: Carlos Zambrano C: Brian McCann 1B: Albert Pujols 2B: Chase Utley 3B: David Wright SS: Hanley Ramírez OF: Ryan Braun OF: Matt Holliday OF: Ryan Ludwick Gold Glove AwardsAmerican LeagueP: Mike Mussina C: Joe Mauer 1B: Carlos Peña 2B: Dustin Pedroia 3B: Adrián Beltré SS: Michael Young OF: Torii Hunter OF: Grady Sizemore OF: Ichiro Suzuki National LeagueP: Greg Maddux C: Yadier Molina 1B: Adrian Gonzalez 2B: Brandon Phillips 3B: David Wright SS: Jimmy Rollins OF: Carlos Beltrán OF: Nate McLouth OF: Shane Victorino Hank Aaron Award – Kevin Youkilis / Aramis Ramírez Hutch Award – Jon Lester Players Choice Award – Albert Pujols Roberto Clemente Award – Albert Pujols Tony Conigliaro Award – Rocco Baldelli TSN Awards MLB Player of the Year – Albert Pujols Pitcher of the Year – Cliff Lee / Tim Lincecum Reliever of the Year – Francisco Rodríguez / Brad Lidge Rookie of the Year – Evan Longoria / Geovany Soto Comeback Player of the Year – Cliff Lee / Fernando Tatís Manager of the Year – Joe Maddon / Fredi González Woman Executive of the Year: Carol Gehr, Hagerstown Suns, South Atlantic League January 6 – Roger Clemens appears on CBS's 60 Minutes, denying that he uses performance-enhancing drugs.
January 8 – Closer Rich "Goose" Gossage and his former manager with the San Diego Padres, Dick Williams, are elected into the Baseball
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat; the objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner advances around the bases in order and touches home plate; the team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner. The first objective of the batting team is to have a player reach first base safely. A player on the batting team who reaches first base without being called "out" can attempt to advance to subsequent bases as a runner, either or during teammates' turns batting; the fielding team tries to prevent runs by getting batters or runners "out", which forces them out of the field of play.
Both the pitcher and fielders have methods of getting the batting team's players out. The opposing teams switch forth between batting and fielding. One turn batting for each team constitutes an inning. A game is composed of nine innings, the team with the greater number of runs at the end of the game wins. If scores are tied at the end of nine innings, extra innings are played. Baseball has no game clock. Baseball evolved from older bat-and-ball games being played in England by the mid-18th century; this game was brought by immigrants to North America. By the late 19th century, baseball was recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball is popular in North America and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, East Asia in Japan and South Korea. In the United States and Canada, professional Major League Baseball teams are divided into the National League and American League, each with three divisions: East and Central; the MLB champion is determined by playoffs. The top level of play is split in Japan between the Central and Pacific Leagues and in Cuba between the West League and East League.
The World Baseball Classic, organized by the World Baseball Softball Confederation, is the major international competition of the sport and attracts the top national teams from around the world. A baseball game is played between two teams, each composed of nine players, that take turns playing offense and defense. A pair of turns, one at bat and one in the field, by each team constitutes an inning. A game consists of nine innings. One team—customarily the visiting team—bats in the top, or first half, of every inning; the other team -- customarily the home team -- bats in second half, of every inning. The goal of the game is to score more points than the other team; the players on the team at bat attempt to score runs by circling or completing a tour of the four bases set at the corners of the square-shaped baseball diamond. A player bats at home plate and must proceed counterclockwise to first base, second base, third base, back home to score a run; the team in the field attempts to prevent runs from scoring and record outs, which remove opposing players from offensive action until their turn in their team's batting order comes up again.
When three outs are recorded, the teams switch roles for the next half-inning. If the score of the game is tied after nine innings, extra innings are played to resolve the contest. Many amateur games unorganized ones, involve different numbers of players and innings; the game is played on a field whose primary boundaries, the foul lines, extend forward from home plate at 45-degree angles. The 90-degree area within the foul lines is referred to as fair territory; the part of the field enclosed by the bases and several yards beyond them is the infield. In the middle of the infield is a raised pitcher's mound, with a rectangular rubber plate at its center; the outer boundary of the outfield is demarcated by a raised fence, which may be of any material and height. The fair territory between home plate and the outfield boundary is baseball's field of play, though significant events can take place in foul territory, as well. There are three basic tools of baseball: the ball, the bat, the glove or mitt: The baseball is about the size of an adult's fist, around 9 inches in circumference.
It wound in yarn and covered in white cowhide, with red stitching. The bat is a hitting tool, traditionally made of a solid piece of wood. Other materials are now used for nonprofessional games, it is a hard round stick, about 2.5 inches in diameter at the hitting end, tapering to a narrower handle and culminating in a knob. Bats used by adults are around 34 inches long, not longer than 42 inches; the glove or mitt is a fielding tool, made of padded leather with webbing between the fingers. As an aid in catching and holding onto the ball, it takes various shapes to meet the specific needs of differ
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
New York Mets
The New York Mets are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of Queens. The Mets compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division; the Mets are one of two Major League clubs based in New York City. One of baseball's first expansion teams, the Mets were founded in 1962 to replace New York's departed NL teams, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants; the Mets' colors are composed of the Dodgers' blue and the Giants' orange, which form the outer two bands of the New York City flag. During the 1962 and 1963 seasons, the Mets played their home games at the Polo Grounds. From 1964 to 2008, the Mets' home ballpark was Shea Stadium. In 2009, they moved into Citi Field. In their 1962 inaugural season, the Mets posted a record of 40–120, the worst regular season record since MLB went to a 162-game schedule; the team never finished better than second to last until the 1969 "Miracle Mets" beat the Baltimore Orioles in the 1969 World Series in what is considered one of the biggest upsets in World Series history.
Since they have played in four additional World Series, including a dramatic run in 1973 that ended in a seven-game loss to the Oakland Athletics, a second championship in 1986 over the Boston Red Sox, a Subway Series loss against their cross-town rivals the New York Yankees in 2000, a five-game loss to the Kansas City Royals in 2015. The Mets qualified to play in the Major League Baseball postseason in 1988 and 2006, coming within one game of the World Series both years. After near-misses in 2007 and 2008, the Mets made the playoffs in 2015 for the first time in nine years, won their first NL pennant in 15 years; the team again returned to the playoffs in this time with a wild card berth. This was the team's second back-to-back playoff appearance, the first occurring during the 1999 and 2000 seasons; as of the end of the 2018 MLB season, the Mets overall win-loss record is 4362–4732, good for a.480 win percentage. After the 1957 season, the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants relocated from New York to California to become the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Francisco Giants leaving the largest city in the United States with no National League franchise and only one major league team, the New York Yankees of the American League.
With the threat of a New York team joining a new third league, the National League expanded by adding the New York Mets following a proposal from William Shea. In a symbolic reference to New York's earlier National League teams, the new team took as its primary colors the blue of the Dodgers and the orange of the Giants, colors featured on the Flag of New York City; the nickname "Mets" was adopted: it was a natural shorthand to the club's corporate name, "The New York Metropolitan Baseball Club, Inc.", hearkened back to the "Metropolitans", its brevity was advantageous for newspaper headlines. For the first two years of its existence, the team played its home games at the historic Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan. In 1964, they moved into newly constructed Shea Stadium in Flushing, where the Mets played until the 2008 season. In 2009, the club moved into Citi Field, adjacent to the former Shea Stadium site. During their history, the Mets have won two World Series titles, five National League pennants and six National League East titles.
The Mets qualified for the postseason as the National League wild card team in 1999, 2000, 2016. The Mets have appeared in five World Series, more than any other expansion team in MLB history, their two championships are the most titles among expansion teams, equal to the tallies of the Toronto Blue Jays, Miami Marlins, Kansas City Royals. The Mets held the New York baseball single-season attendance record for 29 years, they broke the Yankees' 1948 record by drawing nearly 2.7 million spectators in 1970. The Mets broke their own record five times before the record was regained by the Yankees in 1999; the 1962 Mets posted a 40–120 record, a record for the most losses in a season since 1899. In 1966, the Mets famously bypassed future Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson in the amateur draft, instead selecting Steve Chilcott, who never played in the majors, but the following year, they acquired future Hall of Famer Tom Seaver in a lottery. Seaver helped the 1969 "Miracle Mets" win the new National League East division title defeat the Atlanta Braves to win the National League pennant and the favored Baltimore Orioles to win the 1969 World Series.
In 1973, the Mets rallied from 5th place to win the division, despite a record of only 82–79. They shocked the favored Cincinnati Reds "Big Red Machine" in the NLCS and pushed the defending World Series champion Oakland Athletics to a seventh game, but lost the series. Notably, 1973 was the only NL East title between 1970 and 1980 that wasn't won by either the Philadelphia Phillies or the Pittsburgh Pirates. Star pitcher Tom Seaver was traded in 1977, on a day remembered as "the Midnight Massacre", the Mets fell into last place for several years; the franchise turned around in the mid-1980s. During this time the Mets drafted slugger Darryl Strawberry and 1985 Cy Young Award winner Dwight Gooden. In addition, former National League MVP and perennial Gold Glove winner Keith Hernandez was obtained by the Mets in 1983. In 1985, they acquired Hall of Fame catcher Gary Carter from the Montreal Expos and won 98 games, but narrowly missed the playoffs. In 1986, they won the division with a record of 108–54, one of the best in National Le
The Albuquerque Isotopes are a Minor League Baseball team of the Pacific Coast League and the Triple-A affiliate of the Colorado Rockies. They are located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, play their home games at Isotopes Park which opened in 2003 and has an elevation exceeding 5,100 feet above sea level. Albuquerque was represented in the PCL as a Los Angeles Dodgers affiliate by the Albuquerque Dukes who won several PCL championships in the 1970s and 1980s before relocating to Oregon as the Portland Beavers in 2001; the Isotopes began play in 2003. The Isotopes were affiliated with the Florida Marlins from 2003 to 2008 and the Dodgers from 2009 to 2014, they have won three division titles. The Isotopes' mascot is Orbit, a yellow and red alien. In 2016, Forbes listed the team as the 14th-most valuable Minor League Baseball team with a value of $34 million; the team's name recalls the fictional Springfield Isotopes from the long-running TV series The Simpsons, first appearing in the 1990 Season 2 episode "Dancin' Homer" where main character Homer Simpson temporarily becomes their mascot, the titular Dancin’ Homer.
In the episode "Hungry, Hungry Homer", which first aired on March 4, 2001, Homer attempts to thwart the team's plan to move to Albuquerque by going on a hunger strike. Subsequently, when the Albuquerque Tribune asked its online readers to help choose a new name for the Cannons, "Isotopes" received 67% of the 120,000 votes cast. Though team president Ken Young admitted that the name came from the series, he said at the name's unveiling, "We picked it because over the past year it has become a popular name, it does have something to do with Albuquerque." The "Isotopes" name was deemed appropriate, since New Mexico has a number of well-known scientific and military facilities dealing with nuclear technology, such as Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, the Waste Isolation Pilot Project, as well as the site of the Trinity test. In addition, uranium mining was a significant industry in the state during the Cold War. In the three months after the team's name was announced in September 2002, before the team took the field, the team sold more merchandise than the Albuquerque Dukes sold in any single season, led minor league baseball in merchandising revenue in 2003.
The team said they were able to tell when episodes featuring the Springfield Isotopes would air in different markets based on clusters of orders from different viewing areas. The team has no working agreements with The Simpsons. However, statues of Homer, Bart and Marge Simpson are located at Isotopes Park. In the first month of 2001, a group of businessmen spearheaded by a businessman named Ken Young and an entrepreneur named Mike Koldyke entered into an agreement with the current owners of the Calgary Cannons with the sole intention of bringing the team to Albuquerque for the 2003 season. Albuquerque, at the time, had been without a baseball team since March 2000 as the prior team, the Albuquerque Dukes, had been moved to Portland, following the sale of the franchise to Marshall Glickman and Mike Higgins. After the two sides agreed to the sale of the Calgary Cannons, Ken Young and Mike Koldyke gave the city of Albuquerque a major condition before making the move to Albuquerque; the city of Albuquerque would have to either build a new stadium or renovate the pre-existing Albuquerque Sports Stadium.
A few months in May 2001, the city of Albuquerque approved a vote to allocate $25 million towards the renovation of Albuquerque Sports Stadium, thus completing all contingencies required for the move of the Calgary Cannons. Ken Young and Mike Koldyke finalized the purchase of the Calgary Cannons and, prior to the 2003 season, completed the move to Albuquerque as well as changing the team name from the Cannons to the Isotopes; as it turned out, the renovation of Albuquerque Sports Stadium turned into a construction of a new facility, Isotopes Park. While Isotopes Park retained its predecessor's general structure and dimensions, all that remained of the old stadium was the playing field; the team saw a tremendous amount of success and popularity come their way in the following baseball seasons. Following the move to Albuquerque, the Isotopes played their first official game in Albuquerque on April 11, 2003. At Isotopes Park, the baseball team was greeted by over 12,000 fans in their opening day game.
In the Isotopes' opening season, the baseball team saw over 575,000 fans enter their stadium to watch their newly acquired team perform. During the 2003 season, Albuquerque saw immediate success as their new team won the 2003 Central Division Title and in addition to that, entered the 2003 Pacific Coast League Playoffs. In 2008, the Albuquerque Isotopes achieved a new feat when they reached a new franchise record in attendance with over 590,000 fans. In July 2009, Albuquerque received an unusual amount of nationwide attention following the arrival of Manny Ramirez; the outfielder at the time was under intense scrutiny for a suspension he received after testing positive for performance-enhancing drugs, more known as PEDs, was slated to play a total of three games with the Albuquerque Isotopes before returning to the major league. The Albuquerque Isotopes ran multiple promotions for the arrival of Manny Ramirez including advertisements, wigs bearing an extreme similarity to the hair of Manny Ramirez, etc. which led to a then-attendance record with over 15,000 fans attending the outfielder's opening game with the Isotopes
The Miami Marlins are an American professional baseball team based in Miami, Florida. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division, their home park is Marlins Park. Though one of only two MLB franchises to have never won a division title, the Marlins have won two World Series championships as a wild card team; the team began play as an expansion team in the 1993 season as the Florida Marlins and played home games from their inaugural season to the 2012 season at what was called Joe Robbie Stadium, which they shared with the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League. Since the 2012 season, they have played at Marlins Park in downtown Miami, on the site of the former Orange Bowl; the new park, unlike their previous home, was designed foremost as a baseball park. Per an agreement with the city and Miami-Dade County, the Marlins changed their name to the "Miami Marlins" on November 11, 2011, they adopted a new logo, color scheme, uniforms. The Marlins have the distinction of winning a World Series championship in both seasons they qualified for the postseason, doing so in 1997 and 2003—both times as the National League wild card team.
They defeated the American League champion Cleveland Indians in the 1997 World Series, with shortstop Édgar Rentería driving in second baseman Craig Counsell for the series-clinching run in the 11th inning of the seventh and deciding game. In the 2003 season, manager Jeff Torborg was fired after 38 games; the Marlins were in last place in the NL East with a 16–22 record at the time. Torborg's successor, 72-year-old Jack McKeon, led them to the NL wild card berth in the postseason. Wayne Huizenga, CEO of Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation, was awarded an expansion franchise in the National League for a $95 million expansion fee and the team began operations in 1993 as the Florida Marlins; the Marlins qualified for the postseason and won the World Series in 1997 and 2003, but both titles were followed by controversial periods where the team sold off all the high-priced players and rebuilt. Although they followed their 2003 World Series win with a stretch in which the team posted winning records in four of the next six seasons, along with a surprise 2006 season in which they exceeded expectations and stayed in the postseason race until September, the team has had the least number of winning seasons of any Major League Baseball franchise, with just six.
They are one of only two current MLB teams. The Marlins moved into their new ballpark, Marlins Park in 2012, which coincided with a change in the team colors/uniforms and name to the Miami Marlins; the Marlins are the only team to win a World Series in their first two winning seasons. In those two seasons, they managed to make a surprise run to the World Series, both times as heavy underdogs, they are the only team to never lose a postseason series. No-Hitters: Marlins pitchers have pitched six no-hitters in team regular-season history, five coming against teams in the NL West and one against a team from the American League. Hitting for the cycle: No Marlins player has hit for the cycle in franchise history. See also: List of Major League Baseball retired numbers § Alternative methods of recognition. From 1993 until 2011, the Marlins had retired the number 5 in honor of Carl Barger, the first president of the Florida Marlins, who had passed away prior to the team's inaugural season. Barger's favorite player was Joe DiMaggio, thus the selection of number 5.
With the move to the new ballpark, the team opted to honor Barger with a plaque. Logan Morrison, a Kansas City native and fan of Royals Hall-of-Famer George Brett, became the first Marlins player to wear the number. After José Fernández's death as a result of a boating accident on September 25, 2016, the Miami Marlins announced plans to build a memorial at Marlins Park in his honor. However, Fernández's number 16 has yet to be retired; the Marlins began construction of a new, state-of-the-art stadium at the Miami Orange Bowl site on July 18, 2009. The now approved stadium was the subject of a protracted legal battle. A lawsuit by local automobile franchise mogul and former Philadelphia Eagles owner Norman Braman contested the legality of the deal with Miami-Dade County and the City of Miami. However, Miami-Dade County Judge Beth Cohen dismissed all the charges in Braman's lawsuit; the seating capacity for Marlins Park is 36,742, making it the third-smallest stadium in the MLB. Its first regular season game was April 4, 2012, against the St. Louis Cardinals, the ballpark became only the sixth MLB stadium to have a retractable roof, joining Rogers Centre in Toronto, Chase Field in Phoenix, T-Mobile Park in Seattle, Minute Maid Park in Houston, Miller Park in Milwaukee.
As part of the new stadium agreement, the team renamed itself the Miami Marlins on November 11, 2011 and unveiled new uniforms and team logo in time for the move to the new stadium in 2012. Until a naming-rights deal is reached, the park will be known as Marlins Park; the Marlins' flagship radio station from their inception in 1993 through 2007 was WQAM 560 AM. Although the Marlins had plans to leave WQAM after 2006, they remained with WQAM for the 2007 season. On October 11, 2007, the Marlins announced an agreement with WAXY 790 AM to broadcast all games for th
The Durham Bulls are a professional minor league baseball team that plays in the International League. The Bulls play their home games at Durham Bulls Athletic Park in the downtown area of Durham, North Carolina. Durham Bulls Athletic Park is called the "DBAP" or "D-Bap"; the Bulls are the Triple-A affiliate of the Tampa Bay Rays. Established in 1902 as the Durham Tobacconists and disbanded many times over the years, the Bulls became internationally famous following the release of the 1988 movie Bull Durham starring Kevin Costner, Tim Robbins, Susan Sarandon. Since 1991, the team has been owned by the Raleigh-based Capitol Broadcasting Company; the Durham Bulls are operated by the operating entity Durham Bulls Baseball Club, Inc., owned by the Capitol Broadcasting Company. The Bulls were founded in 1902 as the Durham Tobacconists; the official date when the franchise formed was March 18. William G. Bramham President of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, was the first owner.
The Tobacconists took the field for the first time on April 24 in an exhibition game against Trinity College. Their first game in the North Carolina League was at Charlotte on May 5 against the Hornets, their first home game was against the New Bern Truckers on May 12; the league, folded in July, not having played a full season. In December 1912, the Durham Tobacconists re-formed as the Durham Bulls in the North Carolina State League, their first game was on April 1913 at Hanes Field on the Trinity College campus. They defeated the Raleigh Capitals 7-4. On May 30, 1917, the North Carolina State League folded due to America's joining of the Allied Powers during World War I; the Bulls were declared league champions though the season was shortened to only 36 games. On October 31, 1919, the Bulls joined the Piedmont League, a minor league with clubs scattered around Virginia and North Carolina. Seven years in 1926, the team moved from Hanes Field to El Toro Park; the park was dedicated on July 26 by the Commissioner of Baseball Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who put on a show by riding a real bull, the team mascot, onto the playing field.
Six years in 1932, the team became affiliated with the National League's Philadelphia Phillies, the first of ten teams that the Bulls have been affiliated with. The next year, the city of Durham purchased El Toro Park, renaming it the Durham Athletic Park after the 1933 season; the Bulls were unable to operate for the 1935 seasons due to the Great Depression. Meanwhile, a team from Wilmington, North Carolina who played in the Piedmont League and was a Cincinnati Reds affiliate called the Wilmington Pirates relocated to Durham and was going to replace the Bulls; the Bulls franchise, was re-activated by having the operations of the Wilmington ball club integrated into the Bulls. The Reds switched affiliations from the former Wilmington ball club to the Bulls and the Bulls continued as the same franchise. On the evening of June 17, 1939, the Durham Athletic Park burned to the ground hours after the Bulls defeated the Portsmouth Cubs 7-3; the groundskeeper, Walter Williams, asleep under the grandstand when the blaze began, was able to escape though the fire nearly killed him.
Damage costs were more than $100,000. In a remarkable two-week turnaround, Durham Athletic Park was functioning again by July 2, with the old wooden grandstand replaced by concrete and steel. Temporary bleachers were added and seated 1,000; the crowd that day saw the Bulls beat the Charlotte Hornets 11-4. A new Durham Athletic Park was completed in April 1940, in time for an exhibition game between the Cincinnati Reds and Boston Red Sox, which attracted 5,574 fans. Only 1,587 turned out ten days for the Bulls' first game of the season. On September 5, 1943, the last-place Bulls played their last Piedmont League game, beating Richmond 15-5; the following year, the Piedmont League became an all-Virginia league, there was no baseball in Durham in 1944. In 1945, a second Carolina League formed. On April 27 the reactivated Bulls played their first game in the new league, defeating the Burlington Bees 5-0. Three years in September 1948, Tom Wright, a former Bulls outfielder, became the first Carolina League player to make it to the majors when he debuted with the Boston Red Sox.
Three years after that, the Bulls helped make history when their 5-4 loss to the Danville Leafs featured the first black player in Carolina League history, Percy Miller Jr. who played for the Leafs. It would not be until April 18, 1957 that the Bulls fielded African-American players, when third baseman Bubba Morton and pitcher Ted Richardson took the field in a loss to Greensboro; that season saw the first Carolina League All-Star game played in Durham. In 1967, the Bulls became a New York Mets affiliate. One year the Bulls were renamed the Raleigh-Durham Mets; the franchise was renamed because the Bulls acquired the nearby Raleigh Pirates and merged with them. The team still maintained their affiliation with the Mets, playing half of their home games at Durham Athletic Park and half at Devereaux Meadow in Raleigh; the team switched affiliations from the Mets to the Philadelphia Phillies and were renamed the Raleigh-Durham Phillies for the 1969 season. The team hadn't been affiliated with the Phillies since the 1932 season.
The Phillies abandoned the franchise and the team became independent, renaming themselves the Raleigh-Durham Triangles for the 1970 season. The team remained independent for both seasons; the franchise disbanded again before the 1972 season, baseball would not return to Durham until 1980. Minor league baseball in Raleigh ended for good