Mississauga South (provincial electoral district)
Mississauga South was a provincial electoral district in Ontario, represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 1975. It included the neighbourhoods of Cawthra, Sheridan Heights, Park Royal, Rattray Park Estates, Lorne Park, Lorne Park Estates, Port Credit, Applewood Acres and Orchard Heights, it has a population of 113,003 and an area of 61 km2. In 2003, it was defined to consist of the part of the City of Mississauga lying southeast of a line drawn from northeast to southwest along the Queensway to the Credit River, west along the Credit River, southwest along Dundas Street West to the southwestern city limit. In 2018, the district was superseded by Mississauga—Lakeshore. Once one of the strongest bastions of PC support in the province, in the Toronto area, Mississauga South provincially has become more and more Liberal in last election cycles, which can be attributed to the demographics of Mississauga South changing, with more socially-liberal-minded young families moving from Toronto into the area, increasing ethnic populations which are Liberal friendly.
Prior to Tim Peterson's narrow upset victory in 2003, the area had not voted Liberal provincially since Confederation, the PCs held the riding easily. The riding was one of the most watched in the 2007 election, as it was expected to be one of the closest races in the province; the voters, differed from expectations, handing Liberal Charles Sousa a more than 5000-vote victory, as the PC vote fell 9% from 2003, which many viewed as a rejection of the automatic installing of floor-crossing Tim Peterson as the PC candidate. The Liberals and the Green Party received the benefit of angry PC voters, seeing a 3% and a 6% rise in voting percentage, respectively. Voters rejected the proposal to change Ontario's electoral system from first past the post to mixed member proportional in the 2007 electoral reform referendum; the status quo FPTP received 65% of the vote. Given the margin and the parties' and the candidates' positions on MMP, it appears that the vast majority of NDP/Green voters voted in favour of MMP, the vast majority of PC voters for FPTP, the majority of Liberals for FPTP, with a sizeable minority voting for MMP.
Elections Ontario Past Election Results
Frank Miller (politician)
Frank Stuart Miller, was a Canadian politician, who served as the 19th Premier of Ontario for four months in 1985. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1971 as a Progressive Conservative member of the central Ontario riding of Muskoka, he served in the cabinet of Premier Bill Davis in several portfolios including Minister of Health and Minister of Natural Resources. He served five years as the Treasurer of Ontario; when Davis announced his pending resignation in 1985, Miller vied for the leadership of the party and won over a slate of three other candidates. In February, 1985 he formed a cabinet of 33 ministers, the largest cabinet in Ontario's history. Miller called an election, held on May 2, his party lost 18 seats but still held the most seats with 52. He formed a minority government which lasted less than two months when the Liberals under David Peterson and the New Democrats led by Bob Rae formed an unofficial coalition and defeated the government on a confidence motion on June 26.
Miller stayed on as leader of the opposition, but resigned shortly after. Upon retirement from provincial politics, he moved back to Muskoka where he became chairman of the District of Muskoka, he died in 2000. Miller was born in the son of Margaret Stuart McKean and Percy Frank Miller, he received a degree in engineering from McGill University in Montreal. He had a successful career as car dealer and resort operator. In 1967 he was elected as a member of the Bracebridge town council, serving until 1970. In the 1971 Ontario provincial election, he ran for election to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in Muskoka as a Progressive Conservative, was elected, he was re-elected in the 1975, 1977, 1981, 1985 elections. He joined the cabinet of Premier William Davis on February 1974 as Minister of Health, he planned to close a number of small hospitals and consolidate urban services after the 1975 election, but withdrew in the face of cabinet opposition. He suffered a heart attack during this period as a result of work-related stress.
Miller became Minister of Natural Resources following a cabinet shuffle on February 3, 1977. On August 16, 1978, he was promoted to Minister of Economics; as Treasurer, he opposed the Davis government's Suncor purchase in 1981 and considered resigning over the issue. After another shuffle on July 6, 1983, he was named Minister of Trade. In 1983, he gained notoriety for wearing a loud tartan jacket to the 1983 budget ceremony, he was caricatured by some reporters as a symbol of Ontario's rural past, seemed out of step with generational and demographic changes in the province. Senior party organizer Hugh Segal acknowledged that the jacket alienated many new voters; when Davis retired, Miller defeated Larry Grossman, Roy McMurtry and Dennis Timbrell for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative party in its January 1985 leadership convention. His supporters included Bette Stephenson, Philip Andrewes, George Ashe, Margaret Scrivener, Claude Bennett, Bud Gregory, Nicholas Leluk, Alan Pope, George McCague and Mike Harris.
Davis and his predecessor John Robarts were considered Red Tories and ran progressive administrations that increased public investment and expanded the public sector. Under their watch, the Ontario Tories were seen to be running left of the Liberals. Miller, on the other hand, was more typical of the party's base of social conservatives from Ontario's rural areas; when Davis stepped down on February 8, 1985, Miller became Premier. Miller's victory created some divisions in the Progressive Conservative Party, he had difficulty keeping order among senior party staff, he was sometimes criticized for speaking in an overly candid manner to reporters, once claiming that he would prefer to eliminate the minimum wage but could not do so for pragmatic reasons. Miller's appearance became a political issue, as there were still memories of the tartan-jacket incident of two years earlier. In February, 1985, Miller announced his first cabinet with a record 33 members including 7 Ministers without portfolio.
The size of the cabinet belied Miller's rhetoric of a efficient government. David Peterson called it the "fattest, most bloated Cabinet in the history of this province". Miller's Progressive Conservatives had a significant lead in the polls of around 55% when he called an election for May 1985, but his campaign was considered disastrous, he elicited controversy when he refused to agree to a television debate with Liberal leader David Peterson and New Democratic Party leader Bob Rae. This decision is thought to have hurt Miller's standing with the public, his situation was made more difficult by Davis's decision to extend public funding for Catholic Separate Schools to grade 13, a decision, left to Miller to implement. Although the policy was supported by all parties in the legislature, it was unpopular with some in the Tories' traditional rural Protestant base. Many PC voters were so upset that they stayed home on election day because of this issue. In the election, the Liberals won a narrow plurality of the popular vote.
However, at the time rural areas were still overrepresented in the Legislative Assembly, enabling Miller to win reelection. However, the Tories were cut down to a minority government, in which the Tories had only four more seats than the Liberals and were 11 seats short of a majority; the NDP, with 25 seats, held the balance of power. After several weeks of negotiations with both parties, the NDP signed an agreement with Peterson to support a Liberal minority government; as per this agreement, Rae introduced a Motion of No Confidence in
1971 Ontario general election
The Ontario general election of 1971 was held on October 21, 1971, to elect the 117 members of the 29th Legislative Assembly of Ontario of the Province of Ontario, Canada. The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, led by Bill Davis, who had replaced John Robarts as PC leader and premier earlier in the year, won a ninth consecutive term in office, maintained its majority in the legislature, increasing its caucus in the legislature by eight seats from its result in the previous election; the Ontario Liberal Party, led by Robert Nixon, lost seven seats, but continued in the role of official opposition. The social democratic Ontario New Democratic Party, led by Stephen Lewis, lost one seat; this election marked the first time. Subsequently, every provincial election has been held on a Thursday, with the exception of the 2007 Ontario general election, held on a Wednesday. 1 Includes T. Patrick Reid of Rainy River, elected in 1967 as "Liberal-Labour" but was re-elected in 1971 as a Liberal. Politics of Ontario List of Ontario political parties Premier of Ontario Leader of the Opposition
Cooksville is a neighbourhood in the city of Mississauga, Regional Municipality of Peel, in the Greater Toronto Area region of Ontario, Canada. It is located at the intersection of Dundas Street and Hurontario Street near the eponymous Cooksville Creek. Cooksville was an important stage coach stop along the Dundas highway, carved out of the wilderness after a survey by Asa Danforth Jr. in 1798. The first settler was Daniel Harris, an immigrant from the United States, in 1800, so the settlement was first named Harrisville. Jacob Cook bought 100 acres at the southwest corner of Dundas Street and Hurontario Street for $30 in 1819 and the settlement was renamed in his honour; the entrepreneur won the contract to deliver the mail from York to Niagara, operated several stage coach lines, was the local magistrate and built the Cooksville House, the first licensed tavern in the area at the northwest corner of Dundas and Hurontario streets in 1829. A heritage Mississauga sign on Hurontario Street north of the intersection claims it was the first Canadian location of winemaking in 1836.
Cooksville grew in influence until the Great Fire of 1852 razed much of it. A severe tornado hit the area on June 24, 1923 destroying rural farmhouses around the town. On the west side of the town there was a 182 acre brickyard that sprawled south of the CP rail line from 1912 until its closure in 1995, employing many Cooksville residents over that period; the Italian Heavyweight champion boxer, Primo Carnera had worked at the yard for a short period during his youth. Today, the converted site is a medium density residential and retail zone along Shoreline Dr. just south of the infamous 1979 Mississauga train derailment site at the CP crossing. Cooksville was the residence of HIH Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia while in exile in Canada; as well, Harland Sanders lived here when he was supervising the introduction of Kentucky Fried Chicken franchises in Canada. Much of the new suburban growth in Mississauga before amalgamation in the 1960s occurred in areas around Cooksville. For much of that time it had the highest concentration of high-rise condominium and rental buildings in Mississauga.
In recent years it has been overtaken in density by the City Centre just to north of Cooksville and the area surrounding the Square One Shopping Centre. Cooksville is the main transportation hub in Mississauga, with GO Transit rail and bus service and express city buses to Toronto Union Station. Cooksville GO Station is near the original corners of the settlement, the MiWay and GO Bus Terminal is adjacent to the north parking lot of the Square One Shopping Centre to the north; the population of the area is diverse with people from originating from all over the world, over half are visible minorities. There is a plethora of South Asian and Arab textile/clothing shops and grocery stores in the area. There is a significant number of Afro-Caribbean take-out restaurants and barber shops; the area is multicultural and most cultures are represented in the area
University of Guelph
The University of Guelph is a comprehensive public research university in Guelph, Canada. It was established in 1964 after the amalgamation of Ontario Agricultural College, the MacDonald Institute, the Ontario Veterinary College, has since grown to an institution of more than 32,000 students and over 1,500 faculty as of fall 2015, it offers 94 undergraduate degrees, 48 graduate programs, 6 associate degrees in many different disciplines. The Veterinary medicine program at the University of Guelph was ranked 4th in the world in 2015; the University of Guelph is ranked 4th in Canada in Maclean's "University Rankings 2018" in the Comprehensive category, which includes universities that conduct a significant degree of research and offer a wide range of undergraduate and professional degrees. It is given top marks for student satisfaction among medium-sized universities in Canada by The Globe and Mail, it has held these rankings with its reputation, innovative research-intensive programs, lively campus life cited as particular strengths.
According to the Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, the university's Hospitality and Tourism Management program has Canada's highest research index. The University of Guelph has been ranked 50th by Times Higher Education in their list of the top 100 universities under 50 years old; the university has a key focus on life science and has ranked 76–100 in the world by ARWU. The faculty at the University of Guelph hold 28 Canada Research Chair positions in the research areas of natural sciences, health sciences and social sciences. Academic achievements include the first scientific validation of water on Mars, Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer on board the Curiosity rover, the Barcode of Life project for species identification; the University of Guelph traces its origins back to when the Ontario government bought 200 hectares of farmland from Frederick William Stone and opened the Ontario School of Agriculture on May 1, 1874, renamed the Ontario Agricultural College in 1880. The Experimental Farm has been part of the original project along with the museum of agriculture and horticulture.
Its first building was Moreton Lodge, located where Johnston Hall now stands, which included classrooms, residences, a library, a dining room. In 1874, the school started an apiculture department, teaching students about bees and beekeeping, in a dedicated building. In more recent years, the program has continued at the Honey Bee Research Centre located in the Arboretum, continuing research on honeybee health, providing apiculture and beekeeping courses and offering "many other educational experiences" including informative videos for beekeepers; the Macdonald Institute was established in 1903 to house women's home economics programs, nature studies, some domestic art and science. It was named after its financier, Sir William Macdonald, who worked to promote domestic sciences in rural Canada, founded Macdonald College and McGill University College; the Ontario Veterinary College, founded in Toronto in 1862, was moved to Guelph in 1922. Famous economist John Kenneth Galbraith was an undergraduate at the college.
In 1919 the Ontario Agricultural College aimed at recruiting "farm boys" with a low cost, two year program and "the lowest possible rate" for room and board. The Ontario Legislature amalgamated the three colleges into the single body of the University of Guelph on May 8, 1964; the University of Guelph Act brought about the Board of Governors to oversee administrative operations and financial management, the Senate to address academic concerns. The non-denominational graduate and undergraduate institution was, remains known for the agricultural and veterinary programs that shaped it. Wellington College was established shortly after the University of Guelph Act, five years was split three ways into the College of Arts, which exists in the present day, the College of Physical Science and the College of Social Science; the Macdonald Institute would be renamed the College of Family and Consumer Studies during the split. After this split, the University of Guelph started reorganizing into its present-day form, starting from the establishment of the College of Biological Sciences in 1971.
The College of Physical Science would be married to the OAC's School of Engineering in 1989, creating the College of Engineering and Physical Sciences. The College of Social Science and the College of Family and Consumer Studies were joined to create the College of Social and Applied Human Sciences in 1998; the College of Management and Economics would be established from the segregation of offered business and economic degrees and courses in 2006. The university is named after the city. Guelph comes from the Italian Guelfo and the Bavarian-Germanic Welf known as Guelf, it is a reference to the reigning British monarch at the time Guelph was founded, King George IV, whose family was from the House of Hanover, a younger branch of the House of Welf was sometimes spelled as Gwelf. The main university campus spans 412 hectares, including the 165-hectare University of Guelph Arboretum and a 12-hectare research park. Earliest examples of the campus' architecture date back to the inception of the Ontario Agricultural College and include the President's house and Raithby House, which were constructed with local limestone.
The campus has a number of notable midcentury modernist buildings in the Brutalism style, which were constructed in the 1960s as part of the school's
1967 Ontario general election
The Ontario general election of 1967 was held on October 17, 1967, to elect the 117 members of the 28th Legislative Assembly of Ontario of the Province of Ontario, Canada. The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, led by John Robarts, won an eighth consecutive term in office, maintained its majority in the legislature despite losing eight seats from its result in the previous election; the Ontario Liberal Party, led by Robert Nixon, increased its caucus from 24 to 28 members, continued in the role of official opposition. T. Patrick Reid of Rainy River was elected as a Liberal-Labour MPP, he replaced Robert Gibson, the late MPP for Kenora as the legislature's sole Liberal-Labour MPP. The social democratic Ontario New Democratic Party, led by Donald C. MacDonald, increased its caucus in the legislature from 7 members to 20. Politics of Ontario List of Canadian political parties#Ontario Premier of Ontario Leader of the Opposition
Legislative Assembly of Ontario
The Legislative Assembly of Ontario is one of two components of the Legislature of Ontario, the other being the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. The Legislative Assembly is the second largest Canadian provincial deliberative assembly by number of members after the National Assembly of Quebec; the Assembly meets at the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen's Park in the provincial capital of Toronto. As at the federal level in Canada, Ontario uses a Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which members are elected to the Legislative Assembly through general elections, from which the Premier of Ontario and Executive Council of Ontario are appointed based on majority support; the premier is Ontario's head of government, while the Lieutenant Governor, as representative of the Queen, acts as head of state. The largest party not forming the government is known as the Official Opposition, its leader being recognized as Leader of the Opposition by the Speaker; the Ontario Legislature is sometimes referred to as the "Ontario Provincial Parliament".
Members of the assembly refer to themselves as "Members of the Provincial Parliament" as opposed to "Members of the Legislative Assembly" as in many other provinces. Ontario is the only province to do so, in accordance with a resolution passed in the Assembly on April 7, 1938. However, the Legislative Assembly Act refers only to "members of the Assembly"; the current assembly was elected on June 2018, as part of the 42nd Parliament of Ontario. Owing to the location of the Legislative Building on the grounds of Queen's Park, the metonym "Queen's Park" is used to refer to both the Government of Ontario and the Legislative Assembly. In accordance with the traditions of the Westminster system, most laws originate with the cabinet, are passed by the legislature after stages of debate and decision-making. Ordinary Members of the Legislature may introduce play an integral role in scrutinizing bills in debate and committee and amending bills presented to the legislature by cabinet. Members are expected to be loyal to both their parliamentary party and to the interests of their constituents.
In the event of conflict, duty to the parliamentary party takes precedence. Party loyalty is enforced by the chief government whip. In the Ontario legislature this confrontation provides much of the material for Oral Questions and Members' Statements. Legislative scrutiny of the executive is at the heart of much of the work carried out by the Legislature's Standing Committees, which are made up of ordinary backbenchers. A Member's day will be divided among participating in the business of the House, attending caucus and committee meetings, speaking in various debates, or returning to his or her constituency to address the concerns and grievances of constituents. Depending on personal inclination and political circumstances, some Members concentrate most of their attention on House matters while others focus on constituency problems, taking on something of an ombudsman's role in the process, it is the task of the legislature to provide the personnel of the executive. As noted, under responsible government, ministers of the Crown are expected to be Members of the Assembly.
When a political party comes to power it will place its more experienced parliamentarians into the key cabinet positions, where their parliamentary experience may be the best preparation for the rough and tumble of political life in government. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario is the first and the only legislature in Canada to have a Coat of Arms separate from the provincial coat of arms. Green and gold are the principal colours in the shield of arms of the province; the Mace is the traditional symbol of the authority of the Speaker. Shown on the left is the current Mace. On the right is the original Mace from the time of the first parliament in 1792; the crossed Maces are joined by the shield of arms of Ontario. The crown on the wreath represents provincial loyalties; the griffin, an ancient symbol of justice and equity, holds a calumet, which symbolizes the meeting of spirit and discussion that Ontario's First Nations believe accompanies the use of the pipe. The deer represent the natural riches of the province.
The Loyalist coronets at their necks honour the original British settlers in Ontario who brought with them the British parliamentary form of government. The Royal Crowns, left 1992, right 1792, recognize the parliamentary bicentennial and represent Ontario's heritage as a constitutional monarchy, they were granted as a special honour by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on the recommendation of the Governor General. In the base, the maple leaves are for Canada, the trilliums for Ontario and the roses for York, the provincial capital. Proceedings of the Legislative Assembly are broadcast to Ontario cable television subscribers by the Ontario Parliament Network. A late-night rebroadcast of Question Period is aired on the provincial public broadcaster TVOntario; the 1st Parliament of Ontario was in session from September 3, 1867, until February 25, 1871, just prior to the 1871 general election. This was the first session of the Legislature after Confederation succeeding the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada.
The 1867 general election produced a tie between the Conservative Party led by John Sandfield Macdonald and the Liberal Party led by Archibald McKellar. Macdonald led a coalition government with the support of moderate Liberals; the Legislative Assembly was established by the British North Am