New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States, in the New York City metropolitan area. The city is the county seat of Middlesex County, the home of Rutgers University. New Brunswick is on the Northeast Corridor rail line, 27 miles southwest of Manhattan, on the southern bank of the Raritan River; as of 2016, New Brunswick had a Census-estimated population of 56,910, representing a 3.1% increase from the 55,181 people enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, which in turn had reflected an increase of 6,608 from the 48,573 counted in the 2000 Census. Due to the concentration of medical facilities in the area, including Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and Saint Peter's University Hospital, as well as Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey's Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick is known as both the Hub City and the Healthcare City; the corporate headquarters and production facilities of several global pharmaceutical companies are situated in the city, including Johnson & Johnson and Bristol-Myers Squibb.
New Brunswick is noted for its ethnic diversity. At one time, one quarter of the Hungarian population of New Jersey resided in the city and in the 1930s one out of three city residents was Hungarian; the Hungarian community continues to exist, alongside growing Asian and Hispanic communities that have developed around French Street near Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital. The area around present-day New Brunswick was first inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans; the first European settlement at the site of New Brunswick was made in 1681. The settlement here was called Prigmore's Swamp known as Inian's Ferry. In 1714, the settlement was given the name New Brunswick, after the city of Braunschweig, in state of Lower Saxony, in Germany. Braunschweig was an influential and powerful city in the Hanseatic League and was an administrative seat for the Duchy of Hanover. Shortly after the first settlement of New Brunswick in colonial New Jersey, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Elector of Hanover, became King George I of Great Britain.
Alternatively, the city gets its name from King George II of Great Britain, the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Centrally located between New York City and Philadelphia along an early thoroughfare known as the King's Highway and situated along the Raritan River, New Brunswick became an important hub for Colonial travelers and traders. New Brunswick was incorporated as a town in 1736 and chartered as a city in 1784, it was incorporated into a town in 1798 as part of the Township Act of 1798. It was occupied by the British in the winter of 1776–1777 during the Revolutionary War; the Declaration of Independence received one of its first public readings, by Col. John Neilson, in New Brunswick on July 9, 1776, in the days following its promulgation by the Continental Congress; the Trustees of Queen's College, founded in 1766, voted to locate the young college in New Brunswick, selecting the city over Hackensack, in Bergen County, New Jersey. Classes began in 1771 with one instructor, one sophomore, Matthew Leydt, several freshmen at a tavern called the'Sign of the Red Lion' on the corner of Albany and Neilson Streets.
The Sign of the Red Lion was purchased on behalf of Queens College in 1771, sold to the estate of Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh in 1791. Classes were held through the American Revolution in various taverns and boarding houses, at a building known as College Hall on George Street, until Old Queens was erected in 1808, it remains the oldest building on the Rutgers University campus. The Queen's College Grammar School was established in 1766, shared facilities with the College until 1830, when it located in a building across College Avenue from Old Queens. After Rutgers University became the state university of New Jersey in 1945, the Trustees of Rutgers divested itself of Rutgers Preparatory School, which relocated in 1957 to an estate purchased from the Colgate-Palmolive Company in Franklin Township in neighboring Somerset County; the New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784 in New York, moved to New Brunswick in 1810, sharing its quarters with the fledgling Queen's College. The Seminary, due to overcrowding and differences over the mission of Rutgers College as a secular institution, moved to tract of land covering 7 acres located less than one-half mile west, which it still occupies, although the land is now in the middle of Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.
New Brunswick was formed by royal charter on December 30, 1730, within other townships in Middlesex and Somerset counties and was reformed by royal charter with the same boundaries on February 12, 1763, at which time it was divided into north and south wards. New Brunswick was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1784; the existence of an African American community in New Brunswick dates back to the 18th century, when racial slavery was a part of life in the city and the surrounding area. Local slaveholders bought and sold African American children and men in New Brunswick in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century. In this period, the Market-House was the center of commercial life in the city, it was located at the corner of Queen Street adjacent to the Raritan Wharf. The site was a place where residents of New Brunswick sold and traded their goods which made it an integral part of the city's economy; the Market-House also
Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Rutgers University – New Brunswick in New Jersey is the oldest campus of Rutgers University, the others being in Camden and Newark. It is located in New Brunswick and Piscataway; the campus is composed of several smaller campuses: College Avenue, Livingston and Douglass, the latter two sometimes referred to as "Cook/Douglass," as they are adjacent to each other. Rutgers – New Brunswick includes several buildings in downtown New Brunswick; the New Brunswick campuses include 19 undergraduate and professional schools, including the School of Arts and Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, School of Communication and Library Studies, the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, School of Engineering, the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, the Graduate School, the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, the Graduate School of Education, School of Management and Labor Relations, the Mason Gross School of the Arts, the College of Nursing, the Rutgers Business School and the School of Social Work.
While several student centers, commercial venues, dining halls are found on the various campuses, each campus has a unique environment created by the academic departments and facilities it hosts. Busch: Busch Campus is located within Piscataway Township, New Jersey; the campus is named after Charles L. Busch, a wealthy benefactor, who unexpectedly donated $10 million to the University for biological research at his death in 1971; the campus was known as "University Heights Campus" and the land was donated to the University by the state in the 1930s. The land was a country club and the original golf course still exists on the campus; the campus is home to the High Point Solutions Stadium, provides a high-tech and suburban atmosphere focusing on academic areas related to the natural sciences. The Rutgers Medical School was built on this campus in 1970 but a year was separated by the State to create the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; the two universities continue to share the land and facilities on the campus in a irregular arrangement.
The medical school was returned to Rutgers in 2014. College Avenue: This campus includes the historic seat of the university, a block known as Old Queens campus, it is within walking distance of shops and theaters in downtown New Brunswick, as well as the NJ Transit train station which provides easy access to New York and Philadelphia. Many classes are taught in the Voorhees mall area. Cook: Farms and research centers are found on the George H. Cook Campus, including the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers Gardens, the Center for Advanced Food Technology, it is home to community improvement programs, such as Rutgers Against Hunger, the New Brunswick Community Farmer's Market and statewide programs under the Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Douglass: Adjacent to New Brunswick's second ward, it shares many of its open fields with Cook, as they share a campus; the school has many stately buildings with traditional architecture. Douglass Campus is home to the Douglass Residential College for women and has four women's-only housing options.
Livingston: Livingston Campus is home to many of the social science departments and the Rutgers Business School. The Louis Brown Athletic Center, the student-founded Livingston Theater, the Rutgers Ecological Preserve are found here; the campus is situated in Piscataway Township although it extends into parts of Edison Township and Highland Park. Livingston Campus was expanded and renovated. Transportation: The campus bus and shuttle system is a service provided as a means to travel between campuses. Multiple bus lines between campuses exist distances involved. Computing centers: Student accessible computers are concentrated within computer labs. Rutgers has many computing centers to serve the university community. Meals: The dining services claim to be the third largest student dining operation in the USA, serving 4.5 million meals annually. There are four student dining facilities which provide catering for over 5000 University events yearly; the dining halls on Busch, College Avenue, Livingston campuses have faculty dining rooms.
Dining halls provide various "event nights" including a midnight breakfast during exams week and King Neptune Night. All student centers provide food services "fast food" style. Health centers: Rutgers has 3 health centers/pharmacies which provide primary care to Rutgers students; the RUHS nurse line is available at no charge to Rutgers University students when the Health Centers are closed. Hurtado Health Center is located on the College Avenue campus, the Busch-Livingston Health Center shares a parking lot with the RAC on the Livingston Campus. Museums: The Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum is located in Voorhees Mall of the College Avenue campus, it was founded in 1966 and named after Jane Voorhees Zimmerli, the mother of philanthropist Alan Voorhees. The Geology Museum is located on college Avenue Campus; the Mason Gross Galleries are located downtown at Civic Square. Residence halls provide many facilities for students. With over 15,000 resident students, 5 different campuses each with its own identity, 58 residence halls, 4 dining halls and 30-plus food courts/cafés, students can find everything they need right on campus.
Despite some over-crowding, students wishing to live on-campus are accommodated, with a lottery system
Piscataway, New Jersey
Piscataway is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 56,044, reflecting an increase of 5,562 from the 50,482 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,393 from the 47,089 counted in 1990; the name Piscataway may be derived from the area's original Native American residents, transplants from near the Piscataqua River defining the coastal border between New Hampshire and Maine, whose name derives from peske and tegwe, or alternatively from pisgeu and awa or from a Lenape language word meaning "great deer" or from words meaning "place of dark night". The area was first settled in 1666 by Quakers and Baptists who had left the Puritan colony in New Hampshire. Piscataway Township was formed on December 18, 1666, incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as part of the state's initial group of 104 townships; the community, the fifth-oldest municipality in New Jersey, has grown from Native American territory, through a colonial period and is one of the links in the earliest settlement of the Atlantic Ocean seacoast that led to the formation of the United States.
Over the years, portions of Piscataway were taken to form Raritan Township, Dunellen and South Plainfield. Piscataway has advanced educational and research facilities due to the presence of Rutgers University, whose main campus spills into the township. High Point Solutions Stadium, home field for the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team, is in Piscataway. Part of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School is located in Piscataway as well. In 2008, Money magazine ranked Piscataway 23rd out of the top 100 places to live in America. In 2014, the magazine ranked. In 1666, the first appointed Governor of New Jersey, Philip Carteret, granted 12 new settlers from Massachusetts a 100 square mile lot of land, founded as the townships of Woodbridge and Piscataway. After this original purchase, additional settlers from the Piscataqua River area of New Hampshire moved to the area, bringing the name. Coming from a lumbering and fishing background, these settlers, consisting of Baptists and Quakers, were comfortable with their new surroundings, looking forward to starting a new life away from political and religious persecution in the north.
They were enterprising and pioneering families who were experienced in wilderness settlement. Before the original settlers, there were pioneer scouts who surveyed these new waterways; the town name of Piscataway came from these early pioneers who came from the town of Piscataqua. During the original land purchase, the pioneers had signed 12 Articles of Agreement with Governor Carteret, which served as the legal basis for the government of Piscataway and Woodbridge and which shaped the democratic development of self-government. In short, these articles were designed to provide liberty and land ownership for new families and to allow them to establish their own government representatives and religious freedoms. After a few line and boundary changes and its out plantations were reported to total 40,000 acres, with 66 square miles of land in 1685; the Lenni Lenape Indians were natives to the entire Piscataway area, but were displaced to smaller areas as settler numbers increased. The Indians had established defined trails that the settlers used to travel through the wilderness area and branch out to new lands.
Over time, many of these primitive trails became the main routes of travel from town to town and still exist today. The trails along the Raritan River were named after a local Indian tribe called the Raritangs. Piscataway Township is the fifth oldest town in New Jersey and among the fifty oldest towns in the United States. On February 8, 1777, the Battle of Quibbletown, a running battle took place between 2,000 British and Hessian troops under the command of British General Charles Lord Cornwallis and the local patriot militia led by Colonel Charles Scott and a separate militia commanded by Brigadier General Nathaniel Warner. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 19.029 square miles, including 18.835 square miles of land and 0.194 square miles of water. The township lies on the south side of the Raritan Valley, a line of cities in Central Jersey, along with New Brunswick, Highland Park and South Plainfield. Piscataway is 45 minutes southwest of New York City and 53 minutes northeast of Philadelphia.
Piscataway is bordered by nine municipalities: Dunellen, Highland Park, New Brunswick and South Plainfield in Middlesex County and Franklin Township and South Bound Brook in Somerset County and Plainfield in Union County. Society Hill is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within Piscataway Township. Piscataway is segmented by local residents into unincorporated communities and place names which include Arbor, Bound Brook Heights, Fellowship Farm, Johnson Park, Lake Nelson, New Brunswick Highlands, New Market, North Stelton, Randolphville, Raritan Landing and Riverview Manor; the original village settlement of Piscatawaytown is located in present-day Edison Township. Significant portions of Piscataway make up part of historic Camp Kilmer and the Livingston and Busch Campuses of Rutgers University; the Arbor and New Brunswick Highl
Smith College is a private, independent women's liberal arts college with coed graduate and certificate programs in Northampton, Massachusetts. It is the largest member of the Seven Sisters. In its 2018 edition, U. S. News & World Report ranked. Smith is a member of the Five Colleges Consortium, which allows its students to attend classes at four other Pioneer Valley institutions: Mount Holyoke College, Amherst College, Hampshire College, the University of Massachusetts Amherst; the college was chartered in 1871 by a bequest of Sophia Smith and opened its doors in 1875 with 14 students and 6 faculty. When she inherited a fortune from her father at age 65, Smith decided leaving her inheritance to found a women's college was the best way for her to fulfill the moral obligation she expressed in her will: I hereby make the following provisions for the establishment and maintenance of an Institution for the higher education of young women, with the design to furnish for my own sex means and facilities for education equal to those which are afforded now in our colleges to young men.
By 1915–16, the student enrollment was 1,724, the faculty numbered 163. Today, with some 2,600 undergraduates on campus, 250 students studying elsewhere, Smith is the largest endowed college for women in the country; the United States Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School at Smith College in Northampton, was training grounds for junior officers of the Women's Reserve of the U. S. Naval Reserve and was nicknamed "USS Northampton". On August 28, 1942, a total of 120 women reported to the school for training. Smith has been led by two acting presidents. For the 1975 centennial, the college inaugurated its first woman president, Jill Ker Conway, who came to Smith from Australia by way of Harvard and the University of Toronto. Since President Conway's term, all Smith presidents have been women, with the exception of John M. Connolly's one-year term as acting president in the interim after President Simmons left to lead Brown University. Laurenus Clark Seelye 1875–1910 Marion LeRoy Burton 1910–1917 William Allan Neilson 1917–1939 Elizabeth Cutter Morrow 1939–1940 Herbert Davis 1940–1949 Benjamin Fletcher Wright 1949–1959 Thomas Corwin Mendenhall 1959–1975 Jill Ker Conway 1975–1985 Mary Maples Dunn 1985–1995 Ruth Simmons 1995–2001 John M. Connolly 2001–2002 Carol T.
Christ 2002–2013 Kathleen McCartney 2013–presentOn December 10, 2012, the Board of Trustees announced Kathleen McCartney had been selected as the 11th president of Smith College effective July 1, 2013. The campus was planned and planted in the 1890s as a botanical garden and arboretum, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted; the campus landscape now encompasses 147 acres and includes more than 1,200 varieties of trees and shrubs. In April 2015, the faculty adopted an open-access policy to make its scholarship publicly accessible online. Smith College has 285 professors in 41 academic departments and programs, for a faculty:student ratio of 1:9. Smith College's acceptance rate for the class of 2022 was 31.0%. It was the first women's college in the United States to grant its own undergraduate degrees in engineering; the Picker Engineering Program offers a single ABET accredited Bachelor of Science in engineering science, combining the fundamentals of multiple engineering disciplines. Smith joined the SAT optional movement for undergraduate admission.
Smith runs its own junior year abroad programs in four European cities: Paris, Hamburg and Geneva. These programs are notable for requiring all studies to be conducted in the language of the host country. In some cases students live in homestays with local families. Nearly half of Smith's juniors study overseas, either through Smith JYA programs or at more than 40 other locations around the world. Junior math majors from other undergraduate institutions are invited to study at Smith College for one year through the Center for Women in Mathematics. Established in the fall of 2007 by Professors Ruth Haas and Jim Henle, the program aims to allow young women to improve their mathematical abilities through classwork and involvement in a department centered on women; the Center offers a post-baccalaureate year of math study to women who either did not major in mathematics as undergraduates or whose mathematics major was not strong. The Louise W. and Edmund J. Kahn Liberal Arts Institute supports collaborative research without regard to the traditional boundaries of academic departments and programs.
Each year the Institute supports long-term and short-term projects proposed and organized by members of the Smith College faculty. By becoming Kahn Fellows, students get involved in interdisciplinary research projects and work alongside faculty and visiting scholars for a year. Students can develop leadership skills through Smith's two-year Phoebe Reese Lewis Leadership Program. Participants train in public speaking, analytical thinking, teamwork strategies and the philosophical aspects of leadership. Through Smith's internship program, "Praxis: The Liberal Arts at Work," every undergraduate is guaranteed access to one college funded internship during her years at the college; this program enables students to access interesting self-generated internship positions in social welfare and human services, the arts, health and other fields. The 2017 annual ranking of U. S. News & World Report categorizes Smith as'more sel
Rutgers Graduate School of Education
The Graduate School of Education is a degree-granting graduate-level professional school on the New Brunswick campus of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Established in 1923, the school offers programs for Master of Education, Doctor of Education and Doctor of Philosophy degrees; as of 2013, U. S. News & World Report ranks Rutgers graduate-level education programmes 47th in the country, ninth in the Northeastern United States. Official website Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Rutgers University traditions and customs
As one of the first nine colleges founded in the United States of America—founded as Queen's College in 1766 —Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey has two-and-a-half centuries of tradition and heritage. Rutgers University's only school color is scarlet. Students sought to make orange the school color, citing Rutgers' Dutch heritage and in reference to the Prince of Orange; the Rutgers student publication "Targum" first proposed that scarlet be adopted in May 1869, claiming that it was a striking color and because scarlet ribbon was obtained. During the first intercollegiate football game with Princeton on 6 November 1869, the players from Rutgers wore scarlet-colored turbans and handkerchiefs to distinguish them as a team from the Princeton players; the Board of Trustees made scarlet the school color in 1900. In its early days, Rutgers athletes were known informally as "The Scarlet" in reference to the school color, or as "Queensmen" in reference to the institution's first name, Queen's College.
In 1925, the mascot was changed to Chanticleer, a fighting rooster from the medieval fable Reynard the Fox, used by Geoffrey Chaucer's in the Canterbury Tales. At the time, the student humour magazine at Rutgers was called Chanticleer, one of its early arts editors, Ozzie Nelson was quarterback of the Rutgers team from 1924 to 1926; the Chanticleer mascot was unveiled at a football game against Lafayette College, in which Lafayette was introducing a new mascot, a leopard. However, the choice of Chanticleer as a mascot was the subject of ridicule because of its association with "being chicken." In 1955, the mascot was changed to the Scarlet Knight after a campus-wide election, beating out other contenders such as "Queensmen", the "Scarlet", the "Red Lions", the "Redmen" and the "Flying Dutchmen." Earlier proposed nicknames included "Pioneers" and "Cannoneers". When Harvey Harman coach of the football team, was asked why he supported changing the Rutgers mascot, he was quoted as saying, "You can call it the Chanticleer, you can call it a fighting cock, you can call it any damn thing you want, but everybody knows it's a chicken."
Harman is said to have bought the first "Scarlet Knight" mascot costume for the 1955 season, to be his final season as football coach at Rutgers. Rutgers' motto, Sol iustitiae et occidentem illustra is derived from the motto of the University of Utrecht in The Netherlands, Sol Iustitiae Illustra Nos, it is a reference to the biblical texts of Malachi 4:2 and Matthew 13:43. This motto appears in the University's seal, derived from that of the University of Utrecht, depicts a multi-pointed sun; the shield of the Rutgers coat of arms appears on the university gonfalon, is at the head of all processions. The first quarter bears the arms of Nassau, the House of Orange, recognizes the Dutch founders; the arms in the upper sinister quarter are those of George III combined with Queen Charlotte’s. It was George III who granted the Charter of 1766 to Queen’s College, named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg, King George’s consort; the arms shown on the sinister half are Queen Charlotte’s. The third quarter from the Seal of the State of New Jersey.
The fourth quarter is the coat of arms of Colonel Henry Rutgers. The University Seal based on that of the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands whose motto around a sun is “ Sol iustitiae nos illustra”:“Sun of righteousness, shine upon us”. Rutgers modified the Utrecht seal to read “Sol iustitiae et occidentem illustra”; the boards of governors and trustees approved a revised seal for the University 1997 that includes the words “Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey” and adds the 1766 founding date. Several school songs are connected with the school's athletic heritage; the alma mater of Rutgers University is On the Banks of the Old Raritan with words written by Howard Fullerton and adapted to an old Scottish melody On the Banks of the Old Dundee. It is performed at the close of athletic events by the university's marching band, the Marching Scarlet Knights, at Rutgers University Glee Club concerts and other important school events; the university's fight song, The Bells Must Ring, is performed during athletic events in recognition of notable scores.
Written in 1931 for entry in a student song contest, pianist Richard M. Hadden composed the song with W. E. Sanford. Between the verses of the fight song, the spirit chant is rhythmically shouted. R-U Rah Rah! R-U Rah Rah! Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Rutgers, Rah! Upstream, Red Team! Red Team. Rah! Woo! Rah! Woo! Rutgers, Rah! This chant is one of many recited during Rutgers athletic events. Another popular chant—a "call-and-response" in which one side of the stadium crowd calls out "R" and the other side of the stadium responds with "U" antiphonally, is performed. Though has not been performed in the modern era, the original spirit chant used at Rutgers was "Rah! Rah! Rah! Bow-wow-wow! Rutgers!"In a songbook and in sheet music published by Shapiro, Bernstein & Co. in 1936, the song Loyal Sons of Rutgers was found. The music was attributed to Philip Bliss, the lyrics in the sheet music were added by Ozzie Nelson Nelson us
On the Banks of the Old Raritan
"On the Banks of the Old Raritan" is a song, or alma mater, associated with Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, in the United States. The original lyrics were written in 1873 by Howard Newton Fuller, an 1874 graduate of Rutgers College. Fuller prepared the song as a school hymn for the college's Glee Club, an all-male choral ensemble, before a performance in Metuchen, New Jersey. Fuller chose to set the lyrics to the tune of melody, "On the Banks of the Old Dundee", a popular Scottish melody regarded as a drinking song, titled the song for the Raritan River. Rutgers College student Edwin E. Colburn organized the college's Glee Club, an all-male choral ensemble, after noticing that Rutgers was not included when the first edition of the Carmina Collegensia was published and advertised as a complete collection of American college songs. In 1873, on the night of a performance in Metuchen, New Jersey, Colburn approached his fellow student Howard Newton Fuller, to compose a tune and some lyrics that the club could use as an official school song, or alma mater.
Fuller wrote the lyrics in two hours setting them to the tune of a popular melody On the Banks of the Old Dundee. According to a interview with the Rutgers Alumni Monthly, Fuller stated he chose "On the Banks of the Old Dundee" as the song "immediately struck me that the air of that song had the right melody and the stirring and martial swing for an effective college song." "On the Banks of the Old Raritan" and thirteen other Rutgers songs appeared in the second edition of the Carmina Collegensia, published in 1876. It is sung at university occasions, including performances of the Rutgers University Glee Club, other campus musical groups, at convocation and commencement exercises, at the conclusion of athletic events. An altered version of the song is sung at Rutgers University-Camden commencement ceremonies incorporating the lyrics "on the banks of the old Delaware" and references to Leaves of Grass by the poet Walt Whitman. While there are five verses to the song only the first and last verse are sung.
^α In August 2013, The Rutgers University Glee Club debuted a revision to the first verse, written by Rutgers Director of Choral Studies Patrick Gardner. The lyrics, "My father sent me to old Rutgers, resolved that I should be a man" has been changed to a gender-neutral "From far and near we came to Rutgers, resolved to learn all that we can." The following line was changed to "we settled down" instead of "I settled down". These lyrics were changed so that whether you choose to sing the Howard Fuller 1873 lyrics or the gender-inclusive revision, the vowel color are unified across both; the revision has been accepted by the university. ^β In 1989, several years after Rutgers became coeducational, the University's administration changed the official lyrics to reflect to be gender-neutral, substituting the words "my friends" in place of Fuller's original words "my boys" in the first line of the chorus. Over the years, several organizations on campus have penned additional verses, informal interjections, as well as parodies of these lyrics.
Rutgers University Rutgers University Glee Club The mp3 of the amended 1989 version of the song can be downloaded here