United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Littleton is the Home Rule Municipality in Arapahoe and Jefferson counties, the county seat of Arapahoe County, United States. The city is a part of CO Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city population was 41,737 at the 2010 United States Census, ranking as the 20th most populous municipality in the State of Colorado. The city of Littleton's history dates back to the 1859 Pike's Peak Gold Rush, which brought not only gold seekers, but merchants and farmers to the community. Richard Sullivan Little was an engineer from New Hampshire who made his way out West to work on irrigation systems. Little soon decided to settle in the area at present day Littleton and brought his wife Angeline out from the East in 1862; the Littles, along with many neighbors, built the Rough and Ready Flour Mill in 1867, which provided a solid economic base in the community. By 1890, the community had grown to 245 people and the residents voted to incorporate the Town of Littleton. Littleton grew during the Space Race years of 1958 through 1969 due to its proximity to Martin Marietta facilities which produced the Titan rocket.
Littleton became known in 1999 when the Columbine High School massacre occurred at Columbine High School. News media reported that the incident happened in the city, because the school's ZIP code is associated with Littleton; the school is located in adjacent Columbine, an unincorporated community, not a place name accepted by the U. S. Postal Service. Columbine High School is in the Jefferson County school system and is not one of the Littleton Public Schools. Littleton is located at 39°35′59″N 105°0′39″W at an elevation of 5,351 feet. Located in central Colorado at the junction of U. S. Route 85 and Colorado State Highway 470, the city is 9 miles south of downtown Denver and 55 miles north of Colorado Springs. Littleton lies on the South Platte River in the Colorado Piedmont region of the Great Plains a few miles east of the Front Range of the Southern Rocky Mountains. Most of the city lies on the east side of the river. Several small tributaries of the river flow northwest through the city. In addition, there are several small lakes and reservoirs located along the river in the southwestern part of the city.
West of the river are Cooley Lake, Bufflehead Lake, South Platte Reservoir, Eaglewatch Lake, Redtail Lake, Blackrock Lake. East of the river lie Wolhurst Lake and McLellen Reservoir, fed and drained by Dad Clark Gulch. Chatfield Reservoir lies southwest of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.87 square miles of which 12.98 square miles is land and 0.89 square miles is water. As a suburb of Denver, Littleton is part of the Denver-Aurora metropolitan area and the Front Range Urban Corridor, it shares a border with Denver and Englewood on the north, Greenwood Village on the northeast, Centennial on the east, Highlands Ranch on the south and Columbine Valley on the west, Bow Mar on the northwest. As of the 2010 census, there were 41,737 people, 18,312 households, 10,724 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,215.5 people per square mile. There were 19,176 housing units at an average density of 1,497.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.0% White, 2.2% Asian, 1.4% African American, 0.8% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races.
Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 12.4% of the population. There were 18,312 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.4% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25, the average family size was 2.93. The distribution of the population by age was 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. The gender makeup of the city was 51.7 % female. The median income for a household in the city was $54,512, the median income for a family was $74,744. Males had a median income of $52,674 versus $40,297 for females; the city's per capita income was $33,889. About 7.4% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2013, 66.8% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.1% was in the armed forces, 66.7% was in the civilian labor force with 61.2% employed and 5.5% unemployed. The occupational composition of the employed civilian labor force was: 44.4% in management, business and arts. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: educational services, health care, social assistance; the cost of living in Littleton is average. S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the community is 101.8. As of 2
Arapahoe County, Colorado
Arapahoe County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 572,003, making it the third-most populous county in Colorado; the county seat is Littleton, the most populous city is Aurora. The county was named for the Arapaho Native American tribe. Arapahoe County is part of CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Arapahoe County calls itself "Colorado's First County" since its origins predate the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. On August 25, 1855, the Kansas Territorial Legislature created a huge Arapahoe County to govern the entire western portion of the Territory of Kansas; the county was named for the Arapaho Nation. In July 1858, gold was discovered along the South Platte River in Arapahoe County; this discovery precipitated the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. Many residents of the mining region felt disconnected from the remote territorial governments of Kansas and Nebraska, so they voted to form their own Territory of Jefferson on October 24, 1859; the following month, the Jefferson Territorial Legislature organized 12 counties for the new territory, including a smaller Arrappahoe County.
Denver City served as the county seat of Arapahoe County. The Jefferson Territory never received federal sanction, when the State of Kansas was admitted to the Union on January 29, 1861, the mining regions temporarily reverted to unorganized territory. On February 28, 1861, Congress passed an act organizing the Territory of Colorado, using present-day borders. On November 1, 1861, the Colorado Territorial Assembly organized the 17 original counties of Colorado, including a new Arapahoe County. Arapahoe County stretched from the line of present-day Sheridan Boulevard 160 miles east to the Kansas border, from the line of present-day County Line Road 30 miles north to the Parallel 40° North. Denver City served as the county seat of Arapahoe County until 1902. In 1901, the Colorado General Assembly voted to split Arapahoe County into three parts: a new consolidated City and County of Denver, a new Adams County, the remainder of the Arapahoe County to be renamed South Arapahoe County. A ruling by the Colorado Supreme Court, subsequent legislation, a referendum delayed the reorganization until November 15, 1902.
Governor James Bradley Orman designated Littleton as the temporary county seat of South Arapahoe County. On April 11, 1903, the Colorado General Assembly changed the name of South Arapahoe County back to Arapahoe County. On November 8, 1904, Arapahoe County voters chose Littleton over Englewood by a vote of 1310 to 829 to be the permanent county seat. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 805 square miles, of which 798 square miles is land and 7.3 square miles is water. The county measures 72 miles east to 4 to 12 miles south to north. Two exclaves of Arapahoe County are surrounded by the City and County of Denver, the City of Glendale and the Holly Hills neighborhood, a census-designated place. City and County of Denver – northwest and exclaves Adams County – north Washington County – east Lincoln County – southeast Elbert County – south Douglas County – southwest Jefferson County – west Interstate 25 Interstate 70 Interstate 225 E-470 Cherry Creek State Park Smoky Hill Trail South Platte Trail Highline Canal National Recreation Trail Platte River Greenway National Recreation Trail As of the census of 2000, there were 487,967 people, 190,909 households, 125,809 families residing in the county.
The population density was 608 people per square mile. There were 196,835 housing units at an average density of 245 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.93% White, 7.67% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 3.95% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 4.51% from other races, 3.16% from two or more races. 11.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 190,909 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.10% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 33.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 8.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $53,570, the median income for a family was $63,875. Males had a median income of $41,601 versus $31,612 for females; the per capita income for the county was $28,147. About 4.20% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over. Arapahoe County was once a Republican stronghold, a classic bastion of suburban conservatism. However, like many other suburban counties around the country, the margin declined in the 1990s and early 2000s, reflecting the county's growing and more diverse population. In 2008, the county swung over to support Barack Obama, who became the first Democrat to carry it since 1964, only the second since 1944. Four years earlier, George W. Bush had won the county by four points, it voted for Obama by a similar margin in 2012, provided much of Hillary C
The Town of Bennett is a Statutory Town in Adams and Arapahoe counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. The town population was 2,308 at the 2010 United States Census. Bennett is a part of CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Bennett was incorporated on January 22, 1930, was named for Hiram Pitt Bennet, congressional delegate from the Territory of Colorado and Colorado Secretary of State. Bennett is located at 39°45′13″N 104°25′43″W, at the intersection of State Highways 36 and 79, just north of Interstate 70. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.6 square miles, of which 0.0077 square miles, or 0.10%, is water. The highest temperature recorded in Colorado occurred in Bennett on July 11, 1888, when it reached 118 °F; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,021 people, 715 households, 539 families residing in the town. The population density was 652.3 people per square mile. There were 732 housing units at an average density of 236.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.56% White, 0.49% African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.63% from other races, 2.13% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.45% of the population. There were 715 households out of which 49.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.5% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.30. In the town, the population was spread out with 34.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, 5.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $46,600, the median income for a family was $50,881. Males had a median income of $38,672 versus $26,354 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,905. About 3.7% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.
Hiram Pitt Bennet, congressional delegate from the Territory of Colorado and Colorado Secretary of State Tim Samaras and storm chaser who starred on Discovery Channel's documentary reality television series Storm Chasers. He lost his life in Oklahoma City's EF3 wedge tornado on May 31, 2013 with his son, Paul and TWISTEX colleague, Carl Young of South Lake Tahoe, California. Edward Davidson, known as the "Colorado Spam King", operated an illegal spamming company, Power promotions, from July 2002 through April 2007 from a home near Bennett where he had a large network of computers and servers, according to federal authorities; the spam contained false header information, concealing the actual sender from the recipient of the e-mail. Davidson provided spammed messages for about 19 different companies, prosecutors said; some of the e-mailed pitches were used to dupe stock investors and manipulate the market, federal authorities said. Davidson was sentenced to 21 months in federal prison and ordered to pay $714,139 to the Internal Revenue Service.
On July 20, 2008, he escaped from a minimum-security prison. Four days he was found dead with his wife and a child, both dead, in an apparent murder-suicide near Bennett; until 1878, the town was known as Kiowa Crossing. In May 21 of that year, a heavy rainstorm washed out the railroad bridge to the east of town. A Kansas Pacific Railway train of 25 cars loaded with scrap iron was washed into the stream with engineers Frank Seldon, George Piatt, John Bacon on board. Most of the wrecked train was recovered, but the locomotive #51 was never found. In 1989, archivist Loyd Glasier at Union Pacific found that the railroad had found the locomotive, secretly dug it up, put it back into service, collected the insurance money in a complex insurance scam; the story of the lost locomotive inspired Clive Cussler to write Night Probe!. The town achieved national notoriety in February 2006 when a number of parents of elementary schoolchildren criticized a local teacher for showing in class a video of Gounod's classic opera Faust, featuring world renowned and critically acclaimed soprano Dame Joan Sutherland.
Parents said their children were traumatized by the appearance of a leering devil in the video, a man appearing to be killed by a sword in silhouette, an allusion to suicide. Tresa Waggoner, the teacher who showed the video, was required to send a letter of apology for her actions to parents. Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado municipalities Colorado counties Adams County, Colorado Arapahoe County, Colorado Colorado metropolitan areas Front Range Urban Corridor North Central Colorado Urban Area Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Combined Statistical Area Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area The Sea Hunters: True Adventures With Famous Shipwrecks Town of Bennett official website CDOT map of the Town of Bennett NUMA site on the expedition City-Data.com
Watkins is a census-designated place in Arapahoe and Adams counties, United States, adjacent to the city of Aurora. It was an incorporated town; the post office serving Watkins, which lies within the Aurora city limits, has the ZIP Code 80137. As of the 2010 census Watkins had a population of 653. A post office called Watkins has been in operation since 1878; the community was named after a cattleman. Long an unincorporated community, Watkins incorporated as a town on June 15, 2004. However, on November 7, 2006, the town voted to revert to being an unincorporated community by a margin of 308-184. Watkins is involved in trying to build the First Park in Adams County, the Watkins Historical Preservation Society is co-operating with the town on some historical buildings for installation in the park as well. Front Range Airport is located near Watkins. Watkins is located at 39°44′42″N 104°36′25″W. Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado census designated places Colorado counties Arapahoe County, Colorado Adams County, Colorado Colorado metropolitan areas Front Range Urban Corridor North Central Colorado Urban Area Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Combined Statistical Area Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area Watkins on Adams County website Watkins on Arapahoe County website Watkins residents say "no" to city living Watkins' "U-turn" on incorporation
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
The Denver Broncos are a professional American football franchise based in Denver, Colorado. The Broncos compete as a member club of the National Football League's American Football Conference West division, they began play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League and joined the NFL as part of the merger in 1970. The Broncos are owned by the Pat Bowlen trust and play home games at Broncos Stadium at Mile High. Prior to that, they played at Mile High Stadium from 1960 to 2000; the Broncos were competitive during their 10-year run in the AFL and their first seven years in the NFL. They did not complete a winning season until 1973. In 1977, four years they qualified for the playoffs for the first time in franchise history and advanced to Super Bowl XII. Since 1975, the Broncos have become one of the NFL's most successful teams, having suffered only seven losing seasons, they have won eight AFC Championships, three Super Bowl championships, share the NFL record for most Super Bowl losses.
They have ten players in the Pro Football Hall of Fame: John Elway, Floyd Little, Shannon Sharpe, Gary Zimmerman, Willie Brown, Tony Dorsett, Terrell Davis, Brian Dawkins, Ty Law and Champ Bailey. The Denver Broncos were founded on August 14, 1959, when Minor League Baseball owner Bob Howsam was awarded an American Football League charter franchise; the Broncos won the first-ever AFL game over the Boston Patriots 13–10, on September 9, 1960. On August 5, 1967, they became the first-ever AFL team to defeat an NFL team, with a 13–7 win over the Detroit Lions in a preseason game. However, the Broncos were not successful in the 1960s. Denver came close to losing its franchise in 1965, until a local ownership group took control and rebuilt the team; the team's first superstar, "Franchise" Floyd Little, was instrumental in keeping the team in Denver, due to his signing in 1967 as well as his Pro Bowl efforts on and off the field. The Broncos were the only original AFL team that never played in the title game, as well as the only original AFL team never to have a winning season while a member of the AFL during the upstart league's 10-year history.
In 1972, the Broncos hired former Stanford University coach John Ralston as their head coach. In 1973, he was the UPI's AFC Coach of the Year, after Denver achieved its first winning season at 7–5–2. In five seasons with the Broncos, Ralston guided the team to winning seasons three times. Though Ralston finished the 1976 season with a 9–5 record, the team, as was the case in Ralston's previous winning seasons, still missed the playoffs. Following the season, several prominent players publicly voiced their discontent with Ralston, which soon led to his resignation. Red Miller, a long-time assistant coach was hired and along with the Orange Crush Defense and aging quarterback Craig Morton, took the Broncos to what was a record-setting 12–2 regular season record and their first playoff appearance in 1977, first Super Bowl, in which they were defeated by the Dallas Cowboys, 27–10. In 1981, Broncos' owner Gerald Phipps, who had purchased the team in May 1961 from the original owner Bob Howsam, sold the team to Canadian financier Edgar Kaiser Jr. grandson of shipbuilding industrialist Henry J. Kaiser.
In 1984, the team was purchased by Pat Bowlen, who placed team ownership into a family trust sometime before 2004 and remained in day-to-day control until his battle with Alzheimer's disease forced him to cede the team to Joe Ellis in 2014. Dan Reeves became the youngest head coach in the NFL when he joined the Broncos in 1981 as vice president and head coach. Quarterback John Elway, who played college football at Stanford, arrived in 1983 via a trade. Drafted by the Baltimore Colts as the first pick of the draft, Elway proclaimed that he would shun football in favor of baseball, unless he was traded to a selected list of other teams, which included the Broncos. Prior to Elway, the Broncos had over 24 different starting quarterbacks in its 23 seasons to that point. Reeves and Elway guided the Broncos to six post-season appearances, five AFC West divisional titles, three AFC championships and three Super Bowl appearances during their 12-year span together; the Broncos lost Super Bowl XXI to the New York Giants, 39–20.
The last year of the Reeves-Elway era were marked by feuding, due to Reeves taking on play-calling duties after ousting Elway's favorite offensive coordinator Mike Shanahan after the 1991 season, as well as Reeves drafting quarterback Tommy Maddox out of UCLA instead of going with a wide receiver to help Elway. Reeves was fired after the 1992 season and replaced by his protégé and friend Wade Phillips, serving as the Broncos' defensive coordinator. Phillips was fired after a mediocre 1994 season, in which management felt he lost control of the team. In 1995, Mike Shanahan, who had served under Reeves as the Broncos' offensive coordinator, returned as head coach. Shanahan drafted rookie running back Terrell Davis. In 1996, the Broncos were the top seed in the AFC with a 13–3 record, dominating most of the teams that year; the fift