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DownBeat is an American magazine devoted to "jazz and beyond", the last word indicating its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered in previous years. The publication was established in 1934 in Illinois, it is named after the "downbeat" in music called "beat one", or the first beat of a musical measure. DownBeat publishes results of annual surveys of both its readers and critics in a variety of categories; the DownBeat Jazz Hall of Fame includes winners from both the readers' and critics' poll. The results of the readers' poll are published in the December issue, those of the critics' poll in the August issue. Popular features of DownBeat magazine include its "Reviews" section where jazz critics, using a'1-Star to 5-Star' maximum rating system, rate the latest musical recordings, vintage recordings, books. DownBeat was established in 1934 in Illinois. In September 1939, the magazine announced that its circulation had increased from "a few hundred five years ago to more than 80,000 copies a month", that it would change from monthly to fortnightly from the following month.

In April 1979, DownBeat went to a monthly schedule for the first time since 1939. DownBeat was named Jazz Publication of the Year in 2016 and 2017 by the Jazz Journalists Association; the DownBeat Jazz Hall of Fame's current membership, by year, is listed in the following table. The Readers' Poll began in 1952, the Critics' Poll in 1961, the Veterans Committee in 2008. 2008: Jo Jones, Jimmie Lunceford, Erroll Garner, Harry Carney, Jimmy Blanton 2009: Oscar Pettiford, Tadd Dameron 2010: Baby Dodds, Chick Webb, Philly Joe Jones, Billy Eckstine 2011: Paul Chambers 2012: Gene Ammons, Sonny Stitt 2013: Robert Johnson 2014: Bing Crosby, Dinah Washington 2015: Muddy Waters 2016: Hoagy Carmichael 2017: Eubie Blake, George Gershwin, Herbie Nichols 2018: Marian McPartland The Mary Lou Williams Women in Jazz Award International Association for Jazz Education Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award BBC Jazz Awards NEA Jazz Masters Benny Heller Down Beat website "About Down Beat: A History As Rich As Jazz" The Jazz Journalists Association Lifetime Achievement Award Nesuhi Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame Arts For Art Lifetime Achievement Award NAMM Oral History Interview with Kevin Maher January 25, 2014 DownBeat Critics Poll Archives at Acclaimed Music Forums

Tim Welsh

Tim Welsh is an American college basketball coach and the former head basketball coach at Providence College. He served as the head coach at Iona College, he served as head men's basketball coach at Hofstra University. He now serves as an analyst for ESPN. Born in Massena, New York, Welsh is a 1984 graduate of SUNY Potsdam, where he played basketball for his father, Jerry. In his sophomore season, the Bears won the Division III National Championship. During his senior season, he was a co-captain, he attended a year at Worcester Academy. Following his college career, he became a volunteer assistant under Pat Kennedy at Iona College, before becoming a full-time assistant under Kennedy at Florida State University, he served as an assistant under Jim Boeheim at Syracuse University before joining his father the coach at Iona, as an assistant coach in 1991. During the 1994-95 season, Jerry Welsh became ill and Tim served as the interim coach during his absence, guiding the Gaels to a 5-5 record in ten games.

Following the season, Jerry was forced to retire and Tim was named the head coach on a permanent basis. In his first full season as head coach, the Gaels tied for the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference regular-season title. Iona reached the 1998 NCAA Tournament with a 27-6 record; this was Iona's first tournament appearance since 1985. Overall, Welsh went 70-22 in three seasons at Iona, he was named MAAC Coach of the Year in both 1997 and 1998. On November 16, 2008, Welsh made his debut on ESPNU serving as the color analyst for the Le Moyne vs Syracuse basketball game. On April 1, 2010, Welsh was introduced as the new head coach at Hofstra University. On April 2, 1998, Welsh was named the head coach at Providence College, the thirteenth head basketball coach in school history. Under Welsh, Providence has made five postseason appearances, reaching the NCAA Tournament in 2001 and 2004 and the NIT in 1999, 2003, 2007. However, Welsh did not have the success in Providence. In his ten seasons as head coach of Providence, Welsh did not win an NCAA Tournament game and only won one Big East Tournament game.

During the 2007-2008 season, Welsh was under heavy pressure from fans and the Providence College administration. Most thought that he would be terminated if the Friars were unsuccessful in the post season.. On March 15, 2008, Tim Welsh was fired as head coach of the Providence Friars, due to the inconsistent performance over ten years and the failure to lead the Friars to post-season success. On April 30, 2010, one month after he had been hired as the new head coach at Hofstra University, Welsh was arrested in Levittown, N. Y. on drunk driving charges after a police officer observed him stopped at a green light on the Hempstead Turnpike. The police officer claimed, he took a Breathalyzer test, which he failed. He was charged with misdemeanor driving while intoxicated, he subsequently resigned from Hofstra before coaching a game. Welsh ESPN in November 2008 as a college basketball analyst. Welsh is a game and studio analyst for SportsNet New York and Comcast SportsNet New England

Lower motor neuron lesion

A lower motor neuron lesion is a lesion which affects nerve fibers traveling from the lower motor neuron in the anterior horn/anterior grey column of the spinal cord, or in the motor nuclei of the cranial nerves, to the relevant muscle. One major characteristic used to identify a lower motor neuron lesion is flaccid paralysisparalysis accompanied by loss of muscle tone; this is in contrast to an upper motor neuron lesion, which presents with spastic paralysis – paralysis accompanied by severe hypertonia. Muscle paresis or paralysis Fibrillations Fasciculations – caused by increased receptor concentration on muscles to compensate for lack of innervation. Hypotonia or atonia – Tone is not velocity dependent. Hyporeflexia - Along with deep reflexes cutaneous reflexes are decreased or absent. Strength – weakness is limited to segmental or focal pattern, Root innervated patternThe extensor plantar reflex is absent. Muscle paresis/paralysis, hypotonia/atonia, hyporeflexia/areflexia are seen following an insult.

Muscle wasting and fibrillations are signs of end-stage muscle denervation and are seen over a longer time period. Another feature is the segmentation of symptoms – only muscles innervated by the damaged nerves will be symptomatic; the most common causes of lower motor neuron injuries are trauma to peripheral nerves that serve the axons, viruses that selectively attack ventral horn cells. Disuse atrophy of the muscle occurs i.e. shrinkage of muscle fibre replaced by fibrous tissue Other causes include Guillain–Barré syndrome, C. botulism and cauda equina syndrome. Myasthenia gravis – synaptic transmission at motor end-plate is impaired Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis – causes death of motor neurons, although exact cause is unknown it has been suggested that abnormal build-up of proteins proves toxic for the neurons. Lower motor neuron Upper motor neuron Upper motor neuron lesion

List of Freaks and Geeks characters

The following is a list of characters from the television series Freaks and Geeks. Lindsay Weir—played by Linda Cardellini—is the elder of the two Weir siblings and the protagonist of the series; as a child, Lindsay was close friends with Millie Kentner. Early in her scholastic career at McKinley High School, she would be recognized as a bright and thoughtful student, as well as a brilliant member of the Mathletes. However, when her grandmother dies, she begins to question religion, social structure and the general direction of her life, she begins hanging out with a gang of less academically minded friends which worries both her family and her old friends. She starts out being deferential to the freaks and ignoring their rudeness towards her—mostly from Ken Miller and Kim Kelly—but she loses any fear of them as the series progresses, after she calls them out for being selfish and exploitative in their relationship with her, her ties to the group were solidified on a level of mutual respect.

Despite her new social situation, she remains an considerate person. She is continually questioning the world around her, she wears her father’s old army jacket most of the series. Samuel Harold Weir—played by John Francis Daley—is Lindsay's younger brother. Like his sister, Sam has an excellent sense of morals and manners, though he's somewhat shy outside of his circle of friends and is picked on for being somewhat shorter and less physically developed than his peers, he shares many interests with his close friends Bill and Neal, including television shows like Saturday Night Live, comedic actors such as Bill Murray and Steve Martin, science fiction. Being so into such subjects while at the same time being somewhat impaired has left Sam and his friends labeled as "geeks". Though he enjoys being with his friends, he struggles continually to be seen as more than a geek, does seem to be better-regarded by popular students like Cindy and Todd Schillinger than his friends are; the constant bullying by kids such as Alan White leads Sam to feel more embarrassed than cool.

Entertainment Weekly selected Sam Weir as the son for "The Perfect TV Family". Harold Weir—played by Joe Flaherty—is the head of the Weir household. Harold is stern and strict in his role as the dominant male in the family, but is a loving father, always trying to look out for the best interests of his children. Though Harold is yelling at the dinner table about bad role models and dealing out sometimes unreasonable punishments, he has a good sense of humor and enjoys seeing his family happy, he works hard to support his family by running his A1 Sporting Goods store, though he is worried about the possible impact that megastores will have on his business. Harold's biggest concern with his children is that Lindsay is falling in with a bad crowd, he has a strong distaste for her "burnout friends" although he takes a shine to Nick after he gets kicked out of his house, by letting him stay at the Weirs' house and encourages him to practice drumming. Harold tells Lindsay that he is more helpful to Nick than to her because he expects more from her, says that Nick's father is a "hard man" who reminds him of his dad.

It is shown that he is proud of Lindsay for her intelligence and maturity and Sam for his kindness and morals. In the episode "Girlfriends and Boyfriends", Harold reveals to Lindsay that he lost his virginity to a prostitute while he was a soldier in Korea. Harold regrets that his first time was not special and comments that it was the "worst five dollars I've spent". Jean Weir—played by Becky Ann Baker—is the caring homemaker of the Weir family. Jean is making wholesome meals for the Weirs and trying to give her children helpful advice about school while they have discussions at the dinner table, although at times she appears blissfully aloof to the realities that her children are experiencing. Though she wouldn't mind more appreciation now and again, Jean is always kind and generous to everyone and loves nothing more than her family. Daniel Desario -- played by James Franco -- is a charismatic burnout. Daniel is known at McKinley High School for doing one of two things: being with his girlfriend Kim Kelly and/or skipping class.

He is somewhat selfish and manipulative but pulls through to help his friends, is the leader of the freaks. Daniel has been held back two grades in school. Daniel plays guitar, his rebellious and anarchistic view of society lead him into trouble. Though he is confident and acts apathetic towards his schoolwork, Daniel is secretly insecure about the fact that he does not do well in school, doesn't think he is smart enough to succeed. Daniel has an older brother, a drug addict, lives with his two parents. Nick Andopolis—played by Jason Segel—is a member of the gang of freaks, he is friendly, mild-mannered, kind, offsetting the somewhat caustic sense of humor that some of his friends share. Nick uses marijuana.

Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council

The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council is an autonomous district council administering the Tripuri-dominated areas of the state of Tripura, India. Its council and assembly are situated in Khumulwng, a town 26 km away from Agartala, the state capital. In the 2005 elections to the TTAADC the Left Front won 24 seats out of the 28 elected seats and the National Socialist Party of Tripura four; the Left Front and NSPT had contested within the framework of an electoral understanding. The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council Act 1979 was passed by the Indian parliament after a series of democratic movements launched by the Indigenous people of Tripura, under the provision of the 6th scheduled of the Indian constitution; the principal objective behind setting up the autonomous district council is to empower the Indigenous people to govern themselves and to bring all round developments of the backward people so as to protect and preserve their culture and traditions. But it came into being on 15th January 1982 and elected members were sworn-in on 18th January 1982.

It was upgraded under the provision of the 6th schedule of the Indian constitution by the 49th constitution act, 1984. The total area of the TTAADC is 7,132.56 km². which covers about 68% of the total area of the state. About 70% of land under TTAADC is covered by hilly forest, whereas all the plain cultivable land including all the districts and sub-divisional headquarters are outside the purview of TTAADC. Total population of 3,673,917 of the State the total population of Scheduled Tribes is 853,920, out of which about 679,720 population are within the TTAADC area; the total population of Tripura was 3,191,168 according to 2001 census. The TTAADC is governed by a council. Out of 30 members, 28 members are elected through adult suffrage, while 2 members are nominated by the governor of Tripura. Out of 28 elected seats, 25 are reserved for Scheduled Tribes. TTAADC has a regular administrative structure. Executive committee composed of 10 members and chief executive officer is the head of the administration.

Under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council is vested with two types of Powers. These are 1. Legislative powers and 2. Executive powers; the Legislative Department of the district council is headed by the chairman, who summons the meeting of the council from time to time in connection with approval of budget, discussion on bills and regulations submitted by the treasury bench and passing of the same thereof. The council consists of 30 members, out of which 28 members are elected by adult franchise and 2 members are nominated by the governor of Tripura; the chairman has his own secretariat headed by the secretary to the district council. The executive powers are vested with the executive committee, headed by the chief executive member, elected from among the Treasury Bench members; the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India provides ample powers to the district council for self-Governance of the tribal population of the state. The district council has its own powers to appoint its own staff in terms of requirement and appointment rules.

The council administration is headed by the chief executive officer and a deputy chief executive officer of TCS Grade-I and 6 executive officers, such as administration, rural development, planning and coordination, etc. Before the establishment of the district council, villages included in its jurisdiction had Gram panchayats like the rest of the state. Following the establishment of the Council, Tripura Panchayat Raj Act ceased to operate in that area and there was no village level body- elected or otherwise. In 2006, the State Government decided to hold elections to the Village Councils by treating them on par with village Panchayats in other parts of the State taking the view that nothing in Sixth Schedule precludes such a course of action; the Autonomous Council is, however, as of 2009, yet to transfer any functions to these newly established Councils. West Tripura district Lefunga Hezamara Jampuijola Mandwi Mungiakami Padmabil Tulashikhor Bishramganj Amtali/GulaghatiNorth Tripura district Damcherra Jampui Hill Pecharthal DasdaSouth Tripura district Ompinagar Killa Korbuk RupaichhoriDhalai district Chhawmanu Manu Dumburnagar Salema Ambassa Ganganagar Raisyabari^† Kokborok Tripuri Dances Tripuri people 2010 Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council election 2015 Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council election Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council

1996–97 Huddersfield Town A.F.C. season

The 1996–97 season for Huddersfield Town failed to carry on the good work of the previous and nearly saw Town relegated back to Division Two. Following the heavy spending on players in the closed season, much was expected of the Terriers in the 1996–97 season but, despite a bright start from new striker Marcus Stewart, Horton was unable to improve on the team's poor away form that had ended the side's playoff bid the previous year. Long-term injuries to Stewart and Andy Morrison did little to help things and, with the strong home form becoming patchy, the Terriers struggled at the wrong end of the table, it was the least celebrated summer signing, Andy Payton, who notched an impressive tally of 20 goals and helped staved off the threat of relegation as the side scrambled to 20th, just 8 points and 2 places above the drop zone. Injuries and illness forced Town to play 35 players during the season a record, which would be broken the following season. Brian Horton's job was under threat, although he wouldn't leave the McAlpine Stadium until October 1997.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Town made a promising start beating Charlton Athletic 2-0 in front of the highest home crowd for an opening day game for 24 years; this was followed up by wins over Ipswich Town, Oldham Athletic, Reading & Birmingham City, but a spell of 9 games without a win including a 6-0 hiding at Swindon Town left manager Brian Horton in the lurch. Form wasn't helped by the consistent injuries to top players such as Marcus Stewart and Andy Morrison, but Town tried to recover, but their best run of the season came during the Christmas and New Year period when they went 5 games unbeaten, but they went on a run of 1 win in 10, which propelled them into relegation territory. By the end of the season, top scorer Andy Payton's goals were starting to dry up, but a win on the penultimate day of the season against relegated Southend United made certain that Town would play Division 1 football the next season.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality