Downs Station

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Downs Station
Active 1717–1834
Country United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Type Fleet
Role Patrol
Part of Royal Navy
Garrison/HQ Deal, Kent, England

The Downs Station [1] also known as the Commander-in-Chief, the Downs [2] was a former formation of the Kingdom of Great Britain and then the United Kingdom's Royal Navy based at Deal it was considered a major command [3] of the Royal Navy from 1777 until 1834.

History[edit]

The Downs station was the name an naval area of sea during the 17th to 19th centuries it served as permanent base for the navy operating out of Deal [4] for warships patrolling the North Sea during the age of sail the command generally covered an area in the southern North Sea near the English Channel off the east Kent coast it is primarily known in Naval History for the earlier Battle of the Downs that took place in 1639 however at that point there was no specific geographic command established until 1777 the station lasted until 1815 when it was absorbed into the Nore Command who's role and geographic area of responsibility was re-defined by the Admiralty.

Commander in chiefs[edit]

Incomplete list includes:[5]

Station not active 1782 to 1790

Station not active 1791 to 1793

Temporary command in absence of senior officer *

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clarke, James Stanier; McArthur, John (Sep 2, 2010). The Naval Chronicle: Volume 27, January-July 1812: Containing a General and Biographical History of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom with a Variety of Original Papers on Nautical Subjects. Cambridge University Press. p. 43. ISBN 9781108018661. 
  2. ^ Papers, Relative to Correspondence between Sir Home Popham and the Admiralty, between 1 January 1787 and 31st December 1792. Oxford University. 1808. p. 198. 
  3. ^ Lee, Christopher (Nov 20, 2014). Nelson and Napoleon: The Long Haul to Trafalgar. Faber & Faber. pp. Chapter 7. ISBN 9780571321681. 
  4. ^ Robson, Martin (2005). The Battle of Trafalgar. Conway Maritime Press. pp. 29, 36, 158. ISBN 0-85177-979-4. 
  5. ^ Hiscocks, Richard (1 February 2016). "Downs commander-in-chief 1777-1815 - more than Nelson". more than Nelson. Richard Hiscocks,. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Schomberg, Isaac (1802). Naval Chronology: Or, An Historical Summary of Naval & Maritime Events, from the Time of the Romans, to the Treaty of Peace, 1802. T. Egerton. p. 243. 
  7. ^ Marshall, John (Nov 18, 2010). Royal Naval Biography: Or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-Officers, Superannuated Rear-Admirals, Retired-Captains, Post-Captains, and Commanders. Cambridge University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781108022712. 
  8. ^ Papers, Relative to Correspondence between Sir Home Popham and the Admiralty, between 1 January 1787 and 31st December 1792. Oxford University. 1808. p. 198. 
  9. ^ O’Byrne, William R. (Feb 6, 2012). A Naval Biographical Dictionary - Volume 1. Andrews UK Limited. p. 38. ISBN 9781781502778. 
  10. ^ Archives, The National. "Admiral Skeffington Lutwidge, Commander-in-Chief in the Downs, Order to Captain Portlock of the Arrow. Copy. Paper No 6.". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1799 May 26, HO 69/5/6. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  11. ^ Burke, John (1838). A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. Henry Colburn, London. p. 302. 
  12. ^ O’Byrne, William R. (Feb 6, 2012). A Naval Biographical Dictionary - Volume 2. Andrews UK Limited. p. 875. ISBN 9781781502792. 
  13. ^ Goodman, Alfred Edwin (1916). Goodman, a Family History. A.H. Timms, Printer. p. 404. 
  14. ^ Urban, Sylvanus (1811). Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronicle. E. Cave, London. p. 586. 
  15. ^ The Annual biography and obituary. A & R Spottiswoode, London. 1827. p. 448. 
  16. ^ Marshall, John (Nov 18, 2010). Royal Naval Biography: Or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-Officers, Superannuated Rear-Admirals, Retired-Captains, Post-Captains, and Commanders. Cambridge University Press. p. 220. ISBN 9781108022682. 
  17. ^ Laughton, John Knox. "Gage William Hall". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 

Sources[edit]

  • Ireland, Bernard (2001), Naval Warfare in the Age of Sail - War at Sea 1756-1815, 1st Ed, WW Norton & Co. ISBN 9780393049831.
  • Marshall, John (Nov 18, 2010). Royal Naval Biography: Or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-Officers, Superannuated Rear-Admirals, Retired-Captains, Post-Captains, and Commanders. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108022682
  • Rodger, N.A.M. (2004), The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649-1815. New York and London: W.W. Norton and Company. ISBN 9780393060508.

External links[edit]