SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Downtown Toledo

Downtown Toledo is the central business district of Toledo, Ohio. The area has seen a huge revival in the last few years with new retail, entertainment venues, etc. moving into what had been, for many, considered a somewhat of a forgotten ghost town for years. Both the Warehouse District and the area surrounding the Huntington Center have been areas of recent growth. Fifth Third Field Hensville Huntington Center Imagination Station Promenade Park SeaGate Convention Centre Toledo Farmers' Market Valentine Theatre One SeaGate: 411 ft, built in 1982 Fiberglas Tower: 405 ft, built in 1970 PNC Bank Building: 368 ft, built in 1932 Michael DiSalle Government Center: 328 ft, built in 1982 Anthony Wayne Bridge Berdan Building Commodore Perry Apartments Edison Plaza Gardner Building Lucas County Courthouse Main Branch of the Toledo-Lucas County Public Library Martin Luther King Bridge Nasby Building Nicholas Building Ohio Building Oliver House Owens Corning World Headquarters Pythian Castle Riverfront Apartments Secor Building Standart Lofts St. Patrick's Catholic Church St. Paul's Lutheran Church Spitzer Building Trinity Episcopal Church U.

S. Northern District of Ohio Courthouse Veterans' Glass City Skyway

Ammar Siamwalla

Ammar Siamwalla is one of Thailand's most prominent economists. His ancestors were Indians who immigrated and founded a local stationary business, D. H. A. Siamwalla. Siamwalla attended St. Paul's School, Darjeeling in India, went on to receive a B. Sc. in economics from the London School of Economics and a PhD in economics from Harvard University. His teachers at Harvard included Wassily Leontief and Edward Chamberlin, he began his career as an assistant professor and research staff economist at the Department of Economics, Yale University before moving to the Faculty of Economics of Thammasat University as a Rockefeller scholar at the advice of Puey Ungpakorn, dean of faculty. Like Puey and other scholars, Siamwalla left Thammasat after the 1976 student massacre, he was a visiting professor at the Food Research Institute of Stanford University as well as a research fellow with the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington, D. C, he has been active at the Thailand Development Research Institute as a program director for agriculture and rural development, as president of TDRI in 1990-1995.

Siamwalla is an expert in Thai rice, Thai agricultural economics, development economics. As one of the first Thai trained in neoclassical economics, he has contributed in the development of the modern economic discipline in Thailand, he holds a post as a distinguished scholar of TDRI. He periodically gives commentaries to the public, he is known to be a harsh critic of former Prime Minister Thaksin's populist policies. CV on the Thailand Development Research Institute website Who's Who Thailand page for Ammar Siamwalla

Charles Edquist

Charles Edquist is a Swedish researcher in Innovation, one of the founders and the first Director of CIRCLE at Lund University and the holder of the Ruben Rausing Chair in Innovation Research at CIRCLE. Some of his most noted research contributions have been on the ‘Systems of Innovation approach’, the ‘Swedish Paradox’ and ‘Innovation Policy’, his early contributions to the ‘public procurement for innovation’ literature are among his most cited works to date. He studied for his BA in Statistics and Economic History at Lund University and followed this with an MA in Economics at the University of California at Berkeley, USA, a PhD in Economic History at Lund University, his docent qualification was obtained at Sweden. Edquist has been the Holder of the Ruben Rausing Chair in Innovation Research at CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden since February 2003, he held a Chair at the University of Linköping from 1987 to 2003. He worked at UC Berkeley, SPRU, CRIC, ISEG and, more IFRIS from Oct 2011 to May 2012.

As Director of CIRCLE, he facilitated the expansion of the research staff from zero to forty researchers representing 15 disciplines from diverse cultural backgrounds. By 2011, CIRCLE had developed into one of the largest European centers for research and policy advice in the fields of innovation, research policy and entrepreneurship, his work has influenced innovation policy and strategy in Sweden and Europe, a result of his stints as an advisor, on various occasions and durations, to governments, international organizations and firms including the OECD, UNIDO, EU, UNCTAD, ILO, UNDP, UNESCO, the Finnish Government. During 2011-2012, he was a Member of the Research Policy Advisory Committee to the Swedish Government chaired by Sweden’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Education, Jan Björklund. One of his current projects is the Rausing Project on Policies, it addresses theoretical and policy-oriented dimensions within innovation systems, focuses on the determinants and the measurement of innovation.

In September 2013 his paper with Prof. Susana Borrás received the best paper award at the biannual conference at the Atlanta Conference on Science & Innovation Policy, at The Georgia Institute of Technology. On February 24, 2015, Charles was appointed to become a member of the Swedish National Innovation Council, with Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven as chair; the Council consists of 5 government ministers and 10 external members from different sectors of society. Borrás, S and Edquist, C.: Education and skills in innovation policy Science and Public Policy Vol. 42, Nr. 2, pp. 215–227 https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu043 Borrás, Susana and Edquist, Charles: “The choice of innovation policy instruments”. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. Vol 80: 1513–1522. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.03.002 Edquist, Charles. "Public Procurement for Innovation as mission-oriented innovation policy". Research Policy. 41: 1757–69. Doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.04.022. Edquist, Charles. "Why Pre-commercial Procurement is not Innovation Procurement".

Charles Edquist. CIRCLE, Lund University. Retrieved 7 October 2013. Edquist, C. and Hommen, L. ‘Small Country Innovation Systems: Globalization and policy in Asia and Europe’ in Chinese by Science Press. Edquist, Charles. "Design of innovation policy through diagnostic analysis: identification of systemic problems". Charles Edquist. Industrial and Corporate Change. Retrieved 7 October 2013. Edquist, C. Luukkonen, T. and Sotarauta, M. ‘Broad-based Innovation Policy, sub-report in Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System - Full Report,’ Helsinki, 2009. Arvidsson, G. Bergström, H. Edquist, C. Högberg, D. and Jönsson, B. ‘Medicin för Sverige – Nytt liv i en framtidsbransch’, SNS publishers. Fulton, O. Santiago, P. Edquist, C. El-Khawas, E. and Hackl, E. ‘Thematic Review of Tertiary Education: Poland’, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Directorate for Education and Training Policy Division. Edquist, C. ‘Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges’, in Fagerberg, J. Mowery, D. and Nelson, R..

Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Edquist, C. ‘The Internet and Mobile Telecommunications System of Innovation: Developments in Equipment and Content’, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK. Edquist, C. ‘Innovationspolitik för Sverige – mål, skäl, problem och åtgärder’, Stockholm. Edquist, C. Hommen, L. and McKelvey, M. ‘Innovation and Employment: Process versus Product Innovation’. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK. Edquist, C. ‘Systems of Innovation: Technologies and Organizations, London’, Pinter Publishers/Cassell Academic. Edquist, Charles. "Charles Edquist". Charles Edquist. Retrieved 7 October 2013."CIRCLE Home Page". CIRCLE Home Page. CIRCLE, Lund University. Retrieved 7 October 2