Dra is also the abbreviation for the constellation Draco. The Draa is Moroccos longest river,1,100 kilometres and it is formed by the confluence of the Dadès River and Imini River. It flows from the High Atlas mountains south-ward to Tagounite and from Tagounite mostly westwards to the Atlantic Ocean somewhat north of Tan-Tan, most of the year the part of the Draa after Tagounite falls dry. The water from the Draa is used to irrigate palm groves, the inhabitants of the Draa are called in Arabic Drawa, in Shilha Idrawiyn, the most famous Drawi undoubtedly being Sultan Mohammed ash-Sheikh. Outside of the Draa region this name is used to refer to the dark skinned people of Draa which make up the largest portion of its inhabitants. In the first half of the 20th century the Draa lowest course marked the boundary between the French protectorate of Morocco and the area under Spanish rule, about 225,000 people live in the valley of the Draa, which measures 23,000 square kilometres. The valley corresponds with the province of Zagora, created in 1997, in the province there are 23 villages and two towns, Zagora and Agdz. The village of Tamegroute, near Zagora, is known for its Zawiya. In the fossilized fauna were numerous organisms previously thought to have died out after the mid-Cambrian and this statue is possibly the oldest human figurine ever found. It dates back more than three hundred thousand years, from all main periods of the prehistory of the Sahara rock-engravings and rock-paintings have been found. Foum Chenna, Aït Ouaazik Tiouririne e Tisguinine are amongst the best known sites in the Draa region, at lghir Ntidri between Tagounite and Mhamid al-Ghizlane there is the necropolis of Foum Larjam. The necropolis is the largest of North Africa and consists of several kilometers of tumuli and it is one of the few sites where not just rock-drawings but also rock-paintings were found. An extensive investigation into the date and origin of its inhabitants has yet to be made. The Punic text of the record of this journey was engraved in the Temple of Chronos at Carthage, there is only one Greek version, dating perhaps to the 3rd century B. C. These are the words of the Periplus, The Voyage of Hanno, King of the Carthaginians, to the Libyan regions of the earth. Having visited the Carthaginian colonies of the Atlas in Morocco, Hanno proceeded southward, on the banks nomads, the Lixites, were feeding their flocks. We stayed for some time with people and made friends with them. Upstream from them lived the unfriendly Ethiopians whose land is full of wild beasts and they also say that about these mountains dwell the strange-looking Troglodytes
Image: Draa River
Ptolemy's map of Africa. The River Draa, Dara fl. is in the center of the map, just south of the mountain range, above the word Garamantes. fl. is an abbreviation for flumen, Latin river.
The Draa river
Map of Southern Morocco, 1705, by Nicolaas Sanson (Province of Darha/Draa with pink borders in the middle of the map)