The Dacian Draco was the standard ensign of troops of the ancient Dacian people, which can be seen in the hands of the soldiers of Decebalus in several scenes depicted on Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy. It has the form of a dragon with open wolf-like jaws containing several metal tongues; the hollow dragon's head was mounted on a pole with a fabric tube affixed at the rear. In use, the draco was held up into the wind, or above the head of a horseman, where it filled with air and gave the impression it was alive while making a shrill sound as the wind passed through its strips of material. Draco and Drakon mean "serpent", "dragon"; the root of these words means "to watch" or "to guard with a sharp eye". It is a derivative of Greek drakōn "gazing"; the origin of the standard is unknown and still a matter of dispute among scholars. A specific and certain origin is still difficult to be determined. Dacian, Scythian, Sarmatian or Parthian origins have been proposed in dedicated historiography. According to Lucreţiu Mihăilescu-Bîrliba by the 2nd century AD, i.e. after the conclusion of the Dacian Wars, the draco symbol was assimilated in the Greco-Roman world with the Dacian ethnos.
According to Jon N. C. Coulston the Romans associated this standard with 1st and 2nd century Danubian barbarians; the Roman historian Arrian wrote that the Romans took the draco from the Scythians, most a term for the contemporary Sarmatians. It is possible that the serpent or dragon theme was the result of early cartography of the Carpathian mountain range, which resembles a dragon or serpent, facing the west with its tail the black sea; the original purpose was to provide wind direction for archery. Among the Dacians, the draco was undoubtedly seen by the army as a special protective symbol, while it played an important role in the religious life of the people; the draco shows a religious syncretism between the dragon as well as the serpent. It was supposed to scare their enemies. A wolf was depicted at the standard's head, symbolic animal of the Carpathian people since the phase B of Hallstatt Period; the animal is shown in an aggressive posture similar to that of certain Hittite monsters. The religious association of the dragon with the wolf or the lion is first found around the year 1120 BC, on a stela of Nebuchadnezzar I, where an exact representation of the symbol of the Dacian dragon is found in the fourth quarter.
This indicates that the Dacian draco stems from the art of Asia Minor where the religious-military symbology of dragon extended both eastward to the Indo-Iranians and westward to the Thraco-Cimmeriano-Getians/Dacians. By the time of the phase D of Hallstatt Period, the decorative pattern of a dragon head or a serpent had become quite common in Dacia. In the La Tène Period, it served as a standard for the Dacians; the image of the draco appears on a 4th-century BC ceramic piece discovered at Budureasca commune, Prahova county, Romania. The body of the standard, depicting a dragon-like balaur or a large snake, was seen by the Dacians as a manifestation of the sky demon or "heavenly dragon"; this relates to their supreme god Zalmoxis, a sky god. In the Hallstatt Period "proper", the decorative pattern of a dragon head or a serpent became quite common in Dacia; the dragon symbol is represented on the silver Dacian bracelets of the Classical period. The snake-shaped bracelets and other similar ornaments show not only the spread of the snake as a decorative motif but its significance in Dacian material civilization.
Dacians marched into the battle accompanied by the howl of wolf-headed trumpets and following their sinister multicolored dragon-head standard. As intended, they made a terrifying audiovisual spectacle; the draco first appears on Trajan's Column in Rome, a monument that depicts the Dacian wars of 101–102 AD and 105–106 AD. German historian Conrad Cichorius notes that though Dacians carry the draco, it was called the Scythian draco in Arrian's Tactica written around 136 AD. According to Ellis Minns, the dragon standards of the Arrian were those of the Dacians. On Trajan's Column, Dacian soldiers are represented carrying a draco in 20 scenes. One depicts the draco borne by Dacian cavalry crossing the Danube by swimming with their horses. In another, the draco is planted in the center of a Dacian citadel and surrounded by the skulls of several Roman prisoners. On Trajan's Column the draco is the symbolic image of victory although it is absent from pictures on the column that illustrate Trajan's second war against the Dacians, when the Romans conquered about 18 ℅ of Dacia territories in quest for gold to pay their legions.
The draco appears on coins of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, indicating that it was still the characteristic emblem in the 2nd century. In AD 250 on a coin of Decius the Roman province of Dacia holds a wolf- or hound-dragon standard; the same type occurs on antoniniani coins of Claudius Gothicus and Aurelian. The characteristic Dacian dragon emblem is carried by a group of Dacian horsemen depicted on the Arch of Galerius and Rotunda in Thessaloniki, Greece. A draco is depicted on a large stone found at Deva Victrix in the North Wall in 1890; the dragon flag is represented horizontally, as held by the cavalryman but its head is not visible, because the stone is rather deteriorated. Most scholars consider the horseman is a Sarmatian, wearing a Sarmatian helmet and carrying a Sarmatian standard. According to Mihăilescu-Bîrliba the depiction of the Dacian standard is certain and similar representations can be observed on the most
Puyo Puyo marketed under the name Puyo Pop in North America and Europe, is a series of tile-matching video games created by Compile. Sega has owned the franchise with games after 2001 being developed by Sonic Team. Puyo Puyo was created as a spin-off franchise to Madō Monogatari, a series of first-person dungeon crawler RPGs by Compile; the characters from Puyo Puyo originated from Madō Monogatari. As of 2017, Sega Sammy Holdings has reported that the Puyo Puyo franchise has sold a combined total of 25 million units in physical and digital sales since Sega obtained the rights; the first Puyo Puyo game was developed by Compile and released in 1991 for the MSX2 and Family Computer Disk System. The puzzle game features characters from the 1990 RPG Madō Monogatari 1-2-3 developed by Compile; the game includes "Endless" mode, where the player attempts to amass a large score, "Mission" mode, where the player is given a pre-configured board and must attempt to satisfy conditions, a two-player competitive mode.
Compile and Sega collaborated to create an arcade version of Puyo Puyo. It was released in October 1992 for Sega's System C2 hardware. Unlike the previous release, the game focuses on competitive play; the game was ported to several major platforms with the Mega Drive becoming a bestseller. The game was followed by Puyo Puyo 2 in September 1994 released for Sega System C2. 2 adds the ability to counter the opponent's chains. Like its predecessor, 2 was released on a variety of home platforms. In 2004, it was included in the Sega Ages 2500 line of PlayStation 2 games. Puyo Puyo Sun, released in 1996 for the Sega Titan Video arcade hardware, adds a "Sun Puyo" mechanic that allows the player to send extra Nuisance to opponents. Puyo Puyo~n, released in 1999 for the Dreamcast, adds character-specific powers that assist the player in clearing Puyo. Compile's final Puyo Puyo game, Puyo Puyo BOX, includes ports of the first two arcade games alongside original content. Compile released a variety of spin-off titles on home consoles and through their Disc Station disk magazine.
The Nazo Puyo series expands on the original Puyo Puyo's Mission mode, with the 1994 Nazo Puyo: Arle no Roux for Game Gear, 1995 Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux for Super Famicom and 1996 Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rulue no Tetsuwan Hanjouki for Super Famicom introducing RPG elements. Other notable spin-offs include the roguelike Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon, Puyo Puyo DA! Dancing game, Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel monster-collecting RPG. Sonic Team's first Puyo Puyo games were Minna de Puyo Puyo for the Game Boy Advance, released in Japan in 2001 and elsewhere in 2002 as Puyo Pop, it is one of three games named Puyo Pop, the others being the Neo Geo Pocket Color port of 2 and an N-Gage-exclusive game. Sega released Puyo Pop Fever on November 2003 for their NAOMI arcade hardware; the game features an entirely new set of characters, alongside new gameplay mechanics such as Fever Mode. Like its arcade predecessors, Fever was ported to many platforms. A direct sequel, Puyo Puyo Fever 2 was released in 2005.
Fever 2 added an expanded single-player mode. Puyo Puyo 7, released in 2009, adds a third protagonist and includes a new "Transformation" gameplay system. In addition, games celebrating Puyo Puyo's 15th and 20th Anniversary were released. Puyo Puyo! 15th Anniversary includes more than ten gameplay rulesets, including the rules of the first Puyo Puyo, 2, Fever, reintroduces characters that were absent from the series since Minna de Puyo Puyo, gives every character in the game a single-player story. Puyo Puyo!! 20th Anniversary adds more rulesets, such as Sun rules. Puyo Puyo Tetris, released in 2014, includes both Puyo Tetris gameplay. Puyo Puyo!! Quest is a free-to-play RPG released for iOS and Android in 2013. Sega has claimed that the game is a major success, stated that the game has reached 11 million downloads and a monthly income of over 500 million yen as of February 2015. Puyo Puyo was a mini-game in Hatsune Miku: Project Mirai Deluxe/DX in 2015. In the mini-game, the Vocaloid you play with has to win against the Vocaloids that you are not playing as currently.
Costumes of Arle and the Dark Prince are unlockable in the mini-game. Technically, the mini-game marks as the first Puyo Puyo game overseas in over a decade. Puyo Puyo Chronicle was released on December 8, 2016, in Japan for Nintendo 3DS, as part of the original Puyo Puyo game's 25th anniversary with no plans for localization, despite the demand for it. Unlike the other anniversary games, it features an RPG mode, although the classic rules are included, features a new character named Ally. Puyo Puyo eSports, a digital title with an emphasis on eSports tournament play, was released for PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch on October 25, 2018 in Japan; the 1992 arcade Puyo Puyo was translated to English with character name changes and minor visual changes to the Harpy character's skit. The Game Gear port of the 1992 arcade game, when used in a non-Japanese Game Gear, loads a similar version titled Puzlow Kids.
A Linux distribution is an operating system made from a software collection, based upon the Linux kernel and a package management system. Linux users obtain their operating system by downloading one of the Linux distributions, which are available for a wide variety of systems ranging from embedded devices and personal computers to powerful supercomputers. A typical Linux distribution comprises a Linux kernel, GNU tools and libraries, additional software, documentation, a window system, a window manager, a desktop environment. Most of the included software is free and open-source software made available both as compiled binaries and in source code form, allowing modifications to the original software. Linux distributions optionally include some proprietary software that may not be available in source code form, such as binary blobs required for some device drivers. A Linux distribution may be described as a particular assortment of application and utility software, packaged together with the Linux kernel in such a way that its capabilities meet the needs of many users.
The software is adapted to the distribution and packaged into software packages by the distribution's maintainers. The software packages are available online in so-called repositories, which are storage locations distributed around the world. Beside glue components, such as the distribution installers or the package management systems, there are only few packages that are written from the ground up by the maintainers of a Linux distribution. Six hundred Linux distributions exist, with close to five hundred out of those in active development; because of the huge availability of software, distributions have taken a wide variety of forms, including those suitable for use on desktops, laptops, mobile phones and tablets, as well as minimal environments for use in embedded systems. There are commercially backed distributions, such as Fedora, openSUSE and Ubuntu, community-driven distributions, such as Debian, Slackware and Arch Linux. Most distributions come ready to use and pre-compiled for a specific instruction set, while some distributions are distributed in source code form and compiled locally during installation.
Linus Torvalds developed the Linux kernel and distributed its first version, 0.01, in 1991. Linux was distributed as source code only, as a pair of downloadable floppy disk images – one bootable and containing the Linux kernel itself, the other with a set of GNU utilities and tools for setting up a file system. Since the installation procedure was complicated in the face of growing amounts of available software, distributions sprang up to simplify this. Early distributions included the following: H. J. Lu's "Boot-root", the aforementioned disk image pair with the kernel and the absolute minimal tools to get started, in late 1991 MCC Interim Linux, made available to the public for download in February 1992 Softlanding Linux System, released in 1992, was the most comprehensive distribution for a short time, including the X Window System Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X, a commercial distribution first released in December 1992The two oldest and still active distribution projects started in 1993; the SLS distribution was not well maintained, so in July 1993 a new distribution, called Slackware and based on SLS, was released by Patrick Volkerding.
Dissatisfied with SLS, Ian Murdock set to create a free distribution by founding Debian, which had its first release in December 1993. Users were attracted to Linux distributions as alternatives to the DOS and Microsoft Windows operating systems on IBM PC compatible computers, Mac OS on the Apple Macintosh, proprietary versions of Unix. Most early adopters were familiar with Unix from school, they embraced Linux distributions for their low cost, availability of the source code for most or all of the software included. The distributions were a convenience, offering a free alternative to proprietary versions of Unix but they became the usual choice for Unix or Linux experts. To date, Linux has become more popular in server and embedded devices markets than in the desktop market. For example, Linux is used on over 50% of web servers, whereas its desktop market share is about 3.7%. Many Linux distributions provide an installation system akin to that provided with other modern operating systems. On the other hand, some distributions, including Gentoo Linux, provide only the binaries of a basic kernel, compilation tools, an installer.
Distributions are segmented into packages. Each package contains service. Examples of packages are a library for handling the PNG image format, a collection of fonts or a web browser; the package is provided as compiled code, with installation and removal of packages handled by a package management system rather than a simple file archiver. Each package intended for such a PMS contains meta-information such as a package description, "dependencies"; the package management system can evaluate this meta-information to allow package searches, to perform an automatic upgrade to a newer version, to check that all dependencies of a package are fulfilled, and/or to fulfill them automatically. Alth
Draco Lucius Malfoy is a character in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series, he is a student in Harry Potter's year belonging in the Slytherin house. He is accompanied by his two cronies, Vincent Crabbe and Gregory Goyle, who act as henchmen. Draco is characterised as a cowardly bully who hurts people to get what he wants, he was played by Tom Felton in the Harry Potter film series. Draco serves as a foil to the hero, Harry Potter and is loosely based on bullies Rowling encountered during her school days. Harry first encounters Draco's snobbish bigotry after their initial encounter at Madam Malkin's. Rowling uses the Malfoys to introduce themes of intolerance and bigotry into a setting where people are judged by their blood lineage rather than their good character or accomplishments. Draco, adhering to his family's beliefs, thinks that Muggle-born witches and wizards, which he and other characters derogatorily describe by the epithet Mudbloods, should be denied a magical education. Harry's first impression that the Wizarding community is a "magical wonderland" is shattered.
Says Rowling, " found out that many people in power in the wizarding world are just as corrupt and nasty as they are in our world."Malfoy was named "Draco Spungen" in the earliest drafts of Philosopher's Stone. "Spungen" appeared on her pre-canon class list, but it was crossed out and replaced with the surname "Spinks", while "Malfoy" was added after the completion of the list. Philip Nel believes that Malfoy is derived from the French phrase mal foi, meaning "bad faith". In an article published in 2002, Nilsen and Nilsen argue that "Draco" has connotations with draconian, that his name starts with "mal", a French prefix for "bad" or "evil". Many of Draco's relatives on his mother's side of the family are named for constellations. Another constellation is Draco. Draco Malfoy named his son for yet another constellation, Scorpius. Draco Malfoy makes his first appearance in the series when he and Harry meet while being fitted for school robes at Madam Malkin's, a clothing shop in Diagon Alley. Not realising that the boy in the store is Harry Potter—a child whose parents were murdered when he was one year old by the powerful dark wizard Lord Voldemort—Draco engages him in polite conversation.
Harry, however, is alienated by the arrogance of Draco, who asks whether the orphan's parents are "our kind". Draco proclaims that "the other sort" should not be allowed at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, because "they've never been brought up to know our ways"; the two meet again on the Hogwarts Express. After Draco ridicules Ron Weasley's family, Harry rejects his offer of friendship, demonstrated by a handshake, their mutual antagonism is born. According to Rowling, Malfoy makes an effort to be Harry's friend because "it will be cool to turn up at the school being Harry Potter's friend, because Harry is so famous." However, Harry did not want Malfoy as a friend because he "has been so rude about Rubeus Hagrid and about Ron, who Harry likes so much". At the first years' Sorting Ceremony, the Sorting Hat places him into Slytherin, the house that has developed all of the bad wizards, where he becomes an instant favourite of Potions teacher and Slytherin Head of House, Severus Snape, so-called follower of Lord Voldemort.
Draco attempts to get Harry expelled by tricking him into participating in a midnight wizard's duel after secretly informing Argus Filch in advance, but the plan fails when Harry evades Filch and safely makes it back to his dormitory. In Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Draco becomes the new Seeker for the Slytherin Quidditch team after his father, Lucius Malfoy, donates new, high-quality Nimbus 2001 broomsticks; when Hermione Granger comments that the Gryffindor players made the team through talent and not bribery, Draco responds by calling her a Mudblood. This provokes an violent response from Ron Weasley; because of Draco's contempt for Muggle-borns, Harry and Hermione suspect that Draco is the Heir of Slytherin, who has reopened the Chamber of Secrets. Harry and Ron disguise themselves as Crabbe and Goyle with Polyjuice Potion and infiltrate the Slytherin common room in an attempt to collect additional information, whereupon they realise that their initial suspicion about Draco is incorrect.
During Hagrid's debut as Care of Magical Creatures instructor in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, the hippogriff, attacks Draco after he fails to observe proper protocol while approaching it and insults it. He exaggerates the extent of his injury, giving Slytherin a chance to postpone their Quidditch match against Gryffindor until in the year and as an attempt to have Hagrid fired. Hermione punches Draco. Draco, who implies that he is aware of how Sirius Black was involved in the deaths of Harry's parents taunts Harry about the impending threat of Black: "If it was me, I'd want revenge. I'd hunt him down myself." After Harry is unexpectedly chosen as a Triwizard Tournament champion in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Draco shows off a "Support Cedric Diggory" badge to Harry presses it to replace that phrase with "Potter Stinks." Draco gives malicious and false information about Harry and Hagrid to muckraking Dai
Bomberman 64 (1997 video game)
Bomberman 64 is a video game developed by Hudson Soft, published by Hudson Soft in Japan and published by Nintendo in North America and Europe for the Nintendo 64. The game was released in North America three days later. While the game never saw a release on the Wii's Virtual Console service, it was released on the Wii U Virtual Console in both Europe and North America in March 2017 followed by Japan in June 2017. Bomberman 64 is the first 3D game within the Bomberman series, it implements a different single-player mode by incorporating action-adventure and platforming stages instead of arenas in which enemies or other elements must be destroyed. Three more Bomberman games were released on the Nintendo 64: Bomberman Hero, Bomberman 64: The Second Attack, Bomberman 64. In the game's opening sequence, a peaceful-looking planet with gardens and residential buildings abound is shown; the space pirate, drops from the sky with a band of soldiers to raid the planet. Altair, the leader of the space pirates, watches from the Black Fortress, using his coveted weapon, the Omni Cube, to drain the planet's energy, condemning it to a zombie-like state.
Artemis returns to the Black Fortress to meet up with her partners, fellow pirates Orion and Regulus and her superior, Altair. Together, they set their sights on their next target: Planet Bomber, home of the protagonist, Bomberman, they maneuver their fortress into the atmosphere of Planet Bomber. Bomberman, from atop a cliff, observes the Black Fortress' descent. Not much the Fortress begins to open fire on the people of Planet Bomber, firing destructive energy rays into populated areas. A warrior clad in white flies out to the surprised Bomberman, asks if he plans to defeat the assailants. Bomberman gives an affirmative response, the stranger explains that a force field protects the Fortress from any outside attack. Sirius goes on to say that this force field can be deactivated by destroying the four anchors attached to the Fortress. Once inside the Fortress, they must destroy Altair. Bomberman climbs onto and destroys the four anchors with the help of Sirius, who supplies power-ups and teaches him new techniques.
In the process, he kills Artemis and Orion. Once the force field around the Fortress is deactivated, the duo enter the Fortress. After sneaking through Altair's security measures, Bomberman finds and confronts Altair, after a difficult struggle, defeats the pirate; the defeated Regulus swoops in and attempts to rescue his master from the battlefield, but is knocked away by Sirius. Altair drops the Omni Cube. Altair is annihilated by a newly powered-up Sirius. Sirius reveals that he was only using Bomberman's abilities into taking back the Omni Cube, stolen by Altair, adding that he was sick of working with him and lying to him during the mission, he escapes to his secret lair to destroy Planet Bomber. Bomberman pursues him, confronting Sirius for his betrayal; when Sirius is about to fire on Bomberman, he is saved by Regulus, knocking him away and destroying the Omni cube. With the aid of Regulus, Bomberman defeats Sirius. Without the power of the Omnicube, The Rainbow Palace crashes into the Black Fortress, destroying both, as Regulus escapes with Bomberman, informing him that he was surprised with Bomberman's ability to defeat Sirius, as he and his comrades had considerable difficulty taking the Omnicube from Sirius.
Regulus leaves Planet Bomber, stating that one day he will have a rematch with his new rival, who celebrates his victory. This game is featured in full 3D, thus the directional controls change. Bomberman is able to walk in eight directions with a rotating camera facing in eight directions and with three different zoom levels, his bombs have a different effect than in other games of the series. In both single player and multi-player modes, Bomberman always has the ability to kick, pick up, throw bombs, without the need of power-ups, as in previous games. A unique feature of this game is that Bomberman can "pump" a bomb while holding it, which will make the bomb's explosion more powerful. A pumped-up bomb can not be picked up again. Unlike most platform games of its time, Bomberman cannot jump, nor can he swim in water, although he can wade in shallow water. Since Bomberman lacks the ability to jump, higher areas that do not have a path leading to them must be reached by bouncing across bombs - this requires the "remote" power-up to avoid the timed bombs exploding early.
"Bomb jumping" is required to explore most levels, retrieve certain power-ups, cross many obstacles. If Bomberman runs into an enemy NPC, or is hit on the head by a small object, such as an unexploded bomb, he will make a'KAA!' Sound and will become temporarily dizzy. While in this state, he can get hoisted up by an enemy and thrown around or finished off by getting thrown off the map, or into a bomb explosion. Conversely, Bomberman can do the same to an enemy; when Bomberman takes damage, he dies. If he has a "heart" power-up when he's hit, he will survive; when he dies, all power-ups. In
Draco Cornelius Rosa Suárez known as Draco Rosa, Robi Draco Rosa or Draco, is a multiple-time Grammy and Latin Grammy winning American-born Puerto Rican musician, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer and entrepreneur. Rosa garnered fame as a member of boy band Menudo in the 1980s, singing lead on the band's biggest stateside hit, "Hold Me" and featuring prominently in the accompanying music video. After leaving the band he moved to Brazil where he released two albums, achieving mainstream success. Following a brief subsequent stint in California, he returned to New York and joined the band Maggie's Dream, which split after only one album, allowing him to resume his solo career; the singer and composer has released numerous albums, has composed multiple songs for Ednita Nazario, Julio Iglesias and former Menudo band-mate, Ricky Martin. He has been featured on VH1's Behind the Music. Rosa has been influenced by the works of Bob Dylan, Miles Davis, Iggy Pop, Jimi Hendrix, Johnny Cash, Luis Alberto Spinetta, The Doors, Camarón de la Isla, Horacio Quiroga, Caetano Veloso, Glenn Danzig, Edgar Allan Poe and Jim Morrison.
In 1988, at age 18, he made his motion picture debut in the film Salsa, a big hit in Puerto Rico. During the filming of the movie, he met actress Angela Alvarado who would become his wife. In 1996, he released the Latino alternative rock album Vagabundo produced by Phil Manzanera before helping launch Ricky Martin's musical career into a new global setting with Vuelve. Rosa wrote and produced various of Martin's hit singles including "María", "La Vida Loca", "La Copa de La Vida", "She Bangs" and "Shake Your Bon-Bon", among others. Rosa toured with Lenny Kravitz during the summer of 2004 to promote his concept album Mad Love. In April 2011, Rosa was diagnosed with a non-hodgkin lymphoma cancer near his liver, he underwent alternative and traditional treatment in Santa Monica. This kept Rosa in a hiatus for a year until his return in March 2012, when he started recording his latest album with Vida, gave a concert with Juan Luis Guerra and Rubén Blades at the Coliseo de Puerto Rico José Miguel Agrelot.
In December 2012, he was declared cancer-free. On December 9, 2013, Rosa's manager confirmed his cancer had relapsed and overcame cancer once again after a second bone marrow transplant, but had to remain in quarantine for four additional months. At a young age, Rosa moved with his family to Puerto Rico where he spent much of his childhood in the towns of Peñuelas and Ponce. In 1984 he joined the popular Puerto Rican boy band Menudo. During much of his tenure with the group, he would share the stage with a young Ricky Martin, which would lead to a musical partnership between the two that proved instrumental in launching Martin's solo career; as the only member of Menudo who had a native grasp of English, Rosa sang lead vocals on many of the English-language tracks released by the group, including their stateside hit, "Hold Me". However, Rosa started to grow disenchanted with the band after he was denied the opportunity to write songs for them. Rosa quit the group in 1987. After moving to Barra Beach, Rio de Janeiro, Rosa spent time with local artists, adding to his musical education.
He would go on to release two commercially successful Portuguese-language solo albums in quick succession in the late 1980s. Rosa subsequently moved to Los Angeles. During its filming, Rosa met Angela Alvarado. Like Rosa, Alvarado was born in New York to Puerto Rican parents. Rosa appeared alongside Christopher Mitchum in a German film entitled Gummibärchen küßt man nicht. Rosa wrote and performed two songs for the soundtrack of the latter film, released by RCA Records under his publishing company, Ceiba Tree Music. However, he would soon move back to his birth state of New York, where he formed the band Maggie's Dream, an alternative funk rock/metal band who released a self-titled album in 1990 and toured with Fishbone, the Black Crowes and Faith No More. A planned follow-up album, Elysium was recorded in 1992 but never released. In 1993 a solo contract with Sony Music Latin enabled Rosa to record in Spain the first of his Spanish-language solo albums, Frío. In between solo projects, Rosa worked on Ricky Martin's A Medio Vivir under the pseudonym Ian Blake by co-writing and co-producing the majority of the songs on the album, including the hit single "María", which made it to the Billboard Top 10.
The 1996 release of his second album, recorded in England and produced by Roxy Music guitarist Phil Manzanera, has been hailed as a "tour de force of introspective haunting tunes." The video for the song "Madre Tierra", directed by Angela Alvarado, won Best Rock Video in the 1997 Billboard Latin Music Awards. Entertainment Weekly named Rosa to their IT LIST of the 100 most creative people in the entertainment industry. An English-language version of Frío, entitled Songbirds and Roosters was released in 1998; as he toured with his songs from Vagabundo, Rosa wrote and recorded his fellow former Menudo bandmate, Ricky Martin's chart-topping album Vuelve, again under the pseudonym Ian Blake, which resulted in five hit singles including "The Cup of Life". Rosa formed Phantom Vox Corporation, a multimedia production company that joined Dräco Cornelius Music with other writers under Phantom Vox Publishing, the company's subdivision for licensing of original compos
The Draco Dwarf is a spheroidal galaxy, discovered by Albert George Wilson of Lowell Observatory in 1954 on photographic plates of the National Geographic Society's Palomar Observatory Sky Survey. It is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way galaxy; the Draco Dwarf is situated in the direction of the Draco Constellation at 34.6° above the galactic plane. Paul W. Hodge analyzed the distribution of its stars in 1964 and concluded that its ellipticity was 0.29 ± 0.04. Recent studies have indicated that the galaxy may hold large amounts of dark matter. Having an absolute magnitude of -8.6 and a total luminosity of only 2×105 L☉, it is one of the faintest companions to our Milky Way. Draco Dwarf contains many red giant branch stars; the Draco Dwarf is estimated to be 80 ± 10 kpc from Earth and span a distance of 830 ± 100 × 570 ± 70 pc. In 1961, Walter Baade and Henrietta H. Swope studied Draco Dwarf and discovered over 260 variables, of the 138 in the cluster's center, all but five were determined to be RR Lyrae variables.
From this work a RR Lyrae derived distance modulus of 19.55 is found which implies a distance of 81 kpc. The Draco Dwarf contains an old population of stars and insignificant amounts of interstellar matter. From 75% to 90% of its stars formed more than ~10 Gyr ago followed by a low rate of formation with a small burst of star formation around 2-3 Gyr ago, it has a single Gaussian distribution with average metallicity of = −1.74 dex with a standard deviation of 0.24 dex and a small tail of metal-rich stars. The central region of Draco Dwarf exhibits a concentration of more metal-rich stars there being more centrally concentrated red horizontal branch stars than blue horizontal branch stars. Dwarf spheroidal galaxies have become key objects for the study of dark matter; the Draco Dwarf is one. Radial velocity computations of Draco have revealed a large internal velocity dispersion giving a mass to luminosity ratio of up to 440 M☉/L☉, suggesting large amounts of dark matter, it has been hypothesized.
However, Draco Dwarf's narrow horizontal branch width does not support this model. This only leaves the dark matter explanation and makes Draco Dwarf the most dark matter dominated object known as of 2007; the dark matter distribution within Draco Dwarf is at least nearly isothermal. At large radii, radial velocity dispersion exhibit strange behavior. One possible explanation for this would be the presence of more than one stellar population; this suggests the need for further study of Draco Dwarf population's metallicity and ages and of dwarf spheroidals in general. The Draco Dwarf on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Sky Map and images