The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. An earlier church building was Catholic; the old church was replaced in the 18th century by a larger Baroque Lutheran building. It is considered an outstanding example of Protestant sacred architecture, featuring one of the largest domes in Europe, it was built as a sign of the will of the citizens of Dresden to remain Protestant after their ruler had converted to Catholicism. It now serves as a symbol of reconciliation between former warring enemies. Built in the 18th century, the church was destroyed in the bombing of Dresden during World War II; the remaining ruins were left for 50 years as a war memorial, following decisions of local East German leaders. The church was rebuilt after the reunification of Germany, starting in 1994; the reconstruction of its exterior was completed in 2004, the interior in 2005. The church was reconsecrated on 30 October 2005 with festive services lasting through the Protestant observance of Reformation Day on 31 October.
The surrounding Neumarkt square with its many valuable baroque buildings was reconstructed in 2004. The Frauenkirche is called a cathedral, but it is not the seat of a bishop. Once a month, an Anglican Evensong is held in English, by clergy from St. George's Anglican Church, Berlin. A church dedicated to'Our Lady' was first built in the 11th century in a Romanesque style, outside the city walls and surrounded by a graveyard; the Frauenkirche was the seat of an archpriest in the Meissen Diocese until the Reformation, when it became a Protestant church. This first Frauenkirche was torn down in 1727 and replaced by a new, larger church with a greater capacity; the Frauenkirche was re-built as a Lutheran parish church by the citizenry. Though Saxony's Prince-elector, Frederick August I, had converted to Catholicism to become King of Poland, he supported the construction which not only gave an impressive cupola to the Dresden townscape but reassured the Saxonians that their ruler was not going to force the principle cuius regio, eius religio upon them.
The original Baroque church was built between 1726 and 1743, was designed by Dresden's city architect, George Bähr, who did not live to see the completion of his greatest work. Bähr's distinctive design for the church captured the new spirit of the Protestant liturgy by placing the altar and baptismal font directly centre in view of the entire congregation. In 1736, famed organ maker Gottfried Silbermann built a three-manual, 43-stop instrument for the church; the organ was dedicated on 25 November and Johann Sebastian Bach gave a recital on the instrument on 1 December. The church's most distinctive feature was its unconventional high dome, 96 metres high, called die Steinerne Glocke or "Stone Bell". An engineering feat comparable to Michelangelo's dome for St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, the Frauenkirche's 12,000-ton sandstone dome stood high resting on eight slender supports. Despite initial doubts, the dome proved to be stable. Witnesses in 1760 said that the dome had been hit by more than 100 cannonballs fired by the Prussian army led by Friedrich II during the Seven Years' War.
The projectiles bounced off and the church survived. The completed church gave the city of Dresden a distinctive silhouette, captured in famous paintings by Bernardo Bellotto, a nephew of the artist Canaletto, in Dresden by Moonlight by Norwegian painter Johan Christian Dahl. In 1849, the church was at the heart of the revolutionary disturbances known as the May Uprising, it was surrounded by barricades, fighting lasted for days before those rebels who had not fled were rounded up in the church and arrested. For more than 200 years, the bell-shaped dome stood over the skyline of old Dresden, dominating the city. Burials include George Bähr. On 13 February 1945, Anglo-American allied forces began the bombing of Dresden in World War II; the church withstood two days and nights of the attacks, the eight interior sandstone pillars supporting the large dome held up long enough for the evacuation of 300 people who had sought shelter in the church crypt, before succumbing to the heat generated by some 650,000 incendiary bombs that were dropped on the city.
The temperature surrounding and inside the church reached 1,000 °C. The dome collapsed at 10 a.m. on 15 February. The pillars exploded; the altar, a relief depiction of Jesus' Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives by Johann Christian Feige, was only damaged during the bombing raid and fire that destroyed the church. The altar and the structure behind it, the chancel, were among the remnants left standing. Features of most of the figures were lopped off by falling debris and the fragments lay under the rubble; the building vanished from Dresden's skyline, the blackened stones would lie in wait in a pile in the centre of the city for the next 45 years as Communist rule enveloped what was now East Germany. Shortly after the end of World War II, residents of Dresden had begun salvaging unique stone fragments from the Church of Our Lady and numbering them for future use in reconstruction. Popular sentiment discouraged the authorities from clearing the ruins away to make a car park.
In 1966, the remnants were declared a "memorial against war", and
The Kill Team is a 2019 American war film written and directed by Dan Krauss. It stars Alexander Skarsgård, Nat Wolff, Rob Morrow, Adam Long, Jonathan Whitesell, Brian Marc, Osy Ikhile, Anna Francolini, it had its world premiere at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 27, 2019, was released theatrically and streaming on October 25, 2019, by A24. US Specialist Andrew Briggman becomes conflicted with his morals when his platoon, under his superior, Sergeant Deeks, participate in murdering civilians in Afghanistan, when he contemplates reporting to the authorities, he realizes how much danger he is in as the platoon become violent and Deeks begins to suspect his loyalties. Nat Wolff as Andrew Briggman Alexander Skarsgård as Sergeant Deeks Adam Long as Rayburn Jonathan Whitesell as Coombs Brian Marc as Marquez Rob Morrow Osy Ikhile as Weppler Anna Francolini as Laura Briggman Oliver Ritchie as Cappy In October 2016, it was announced Nat Wolff and Alexander Skarsgård had joined the cast of the film, with Dan Krauss directing from a screenplay he wrote.
Marty Bowen and Wyck Godfrey will serve as producers on the film under their Temple Hill Entertainment banner. In September 2017, Rob Morrow joined the cast of the film. In November 2017, it was announced Adam Long, Jonathan Whitesell and Brian Marc joined the cast of the film. In November 2018, A24 acquired distribution rights to the film, it had its world premiere at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 27, 2019. It was released on October 25, 2019; as of November 17, 2019, The Kill Team has grossed $372,282 worldwide. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 70% based on 47 reviews, with an average rating of 6.79/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Flawed yet viscerally effective, The Kill Team interrogates battlefield morality with a hard-hitting intensity further amplified by a talented cast." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 60 out of 100, based on 14 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Official website The Kill Team on IMDb The Kill Team at AllMovie The Kill Team at Box Office Mojo
Stormbreaker is a 2006 action spy film directed by Geoffrey Sax. The screenplay by Anthony Horowitz is based on his 2000 novel Stormbreaker, the first novel in the Alex Rider series; the film stars Alex Pettyfer as Alex Rider, stars Mickey Rourke, Bill Nighy, Sophie Okonedo, Alicia Silverstone, Sarah Bolger, Stephen Fry and Ewan McGregor. Stormbreaker was an international co-production between companies and financiers from the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany; the film's plot follows a teenage boy, recruited by MI6 after his uncle, a secret agent, is killed in action. He is sent on a mission in Cornwall to gather intelligence behind Stormbreaker, an advanced computer system being provided to schools across Britain, its creator, billionaire Darrius Sayle. Intended to be the first entry in a film franchise, Stormbreaker grossed between $20.7 and $23.9 million worldwide upon its theatrical release, failing to recoup its $40 million budget and making the film a box office bomb. According to Rotten Tomatoes, the film was criticized for its lack of originality and believability.
As a result of these factors, plans to produce further Alex Rider films were dropped. Alex Rider is a 14-year-old schoolboy who lives with his uncle Ian and their housekeeper Jack Starbright. Ian is a bank manager and is, much to Alex's regret away from home. One day, Alex is told that his uncle has died in a car crash, but discovers that his uncle was a spy working for MI6 and was murdered, he is recruited by his uncle's former employers, Alan Blunt and Mrs. Jones of the Special Operations Division of MI6, who explain to Alex that his uncle has been training him as a spy. Alex refuses to cooperate but agrees when they threaten to not renew the visa and deport Jack as a result of her visa running out seven years before. Alex is sent to a military training camp in the Brecon Beacons, the home of the Special Air Service. At first, his fellow trainees look down on him because of his age, but he soon gains their respect for his capabilities, he sets off on his first mission, aided by gadgets from Smithers.
Billionaire Darrius Sayle is donating free high-powered computer systems code named Stormbreaker to every school in the United Kingdom. MI6 are suspicious of his generous plans and send Alex undercover as a competition winner to investigate. There, he meets Sayle himself and his two accomplices, Mr. Grin and Nadia Vole, is shown the Stormbreaker computer in action. While Alex is having dinner with Sayle, the suspicious Vole steals Alex's phone and tracks the SIM card to his house in Chelsea, she finds Alex's true identity. Despite being outclassed, Jack wins with the help of a blowfish; that night, Alex sneaks out of his bedroom window to observe a midnight delivery of mysterious containers to Sayle's lair. The next day, Alex finds himself in trouble. After attempting to escape from the facility, he is captured, Sayle explains his true reasons behind Stormbreaker – each system contains a modified strain of the smallpox virus which, upon activation in the Stormbreaker release, will kill all of the country's schoolchildren.
Sayle leaves Alex departs for the London Science Museum. Nadia drops Alex into a water-tank to be killed by a giant Portuguese Man o' War, but he escapes using the metal-disintegrating spot cream supplied by Smithers, Nadia is subdued when she is hit by the jellyfish, rupturing the tank in the process. Alex hitches a ride on a Mil Mi-8 helicopter piloted by Mr. Grin, using a sodium pentothal arrow to gain Mr. Grin's obedience. Alex parachutes out of the helicopter and lands just as the Prime Minister is about to press the button which will activate the computers. Alex uses a rifle to shoot the podium, which destroys the button, ruins Sayle's plan. Furious, Sayle leaves to carry out his back-up plan, Alex, with the help of school friend Sabina Pleasure pursues Sayle through the streets of London. Fifty floors up on one of Sayle's skyscrapers, Alex unplugs his backup transmitter. Sayle chases him out onto the roof and pushes both Alex & Sabina off the roof, leaving them hanging by a dislodged cable.
Unexpectedly, Yassen arrives in a helicopter and shoots Sayle before rescuing Alex. Yassen tells Alex that Sayle had become an embarrassment to his employers, that Alex should forget about him, but Alex refuses saying that the killing of his uncle Ian means they are still enemies. Alex returns to school; the film ends with someone observing Alex from a distance. He realizes that it's not the end. Alex Pettyfer as Alex Rider Mickey Rourke as Darrius Sayle Alicia Silverstone as Jack Starbright Bill Nighy as Alan Blunt Sophie Okonedo as Mrs. Jones Damian Lewis as Yassen Gregorovich Missi Pyle as Nadia Vole Stephen Fry as Smithers Sarah Bolger as Sabina Pleasure Andy Serkis as Mr. Grin Ashley Walters as Wolf Ewan McGregor as Ian Rider Robbie Coltrane as the Prime Minister Jimmy Carr as John Crawford Stormbreaker was intended by the novel's author, Anthony Horowitz, to be the first entry in a film franchise based on his Alex Rider series. Horowitz an established and prolific screenwriter in British television, wrote the screenplay and worked closely throughout the film's production with director Geoffrey Sax and producers Marc and Peter Samuelson.