Gauloises, "Gaul women" in French, is a brand of cigarette of French manufacture. It is produced by the company Imperial Tobacco following its acquisition of Altadis in January 2008 in most countries, but produced and sold by Reemtsma in Germany. Gauloises was launched in 1910. Traditional Gauloises were short, wide and made with dark tobaccos from Syria and Turkey which produced a strong and distinctive aroma; the brand is most famous for its cigarettes' strength in its original unfiltered version. Forty years filtered Gauloises cigarettes debuted. In 1984, the Gauloises brand was expanded to include a American-type tobacco with a filter; the original non-filter, Gauloises Caporal, have been discontinued and replaced with Gauloises Brunes, which are filterless but less strong. Gauloises Brunes have low tar and nicotine levels, because of European tobacco laws, but the tobacco is still dark and strong-tasting; as of 2018, the Gauloises cigarettes are produced in Poland after the last manufacturing plant in Riom, Puy-de-Dôme closed its doors in the end of 2017.
Between the World Wars the smoking of Gauloises in France was considered patriotic and an affiliation with French "heartland" values. The brand was associated with the cigarette-smoking poilu and the resistance fighters during the Vichy Regime, their slogan was "Liberté toujours". George Orwell tells of how he "squandered two francs fifty on a packet of Gaulois Bleu" in his 1933 book Down and Out in Paris and London. In 1939-40 some packets of cigarettes were given a distinctive "troop brand". In March 1954 SEITA launched the "Gauloise Disque Bleu" brand, with CEO Pierre Grimanelli proud of the new packaging that would, he argued, increase sales; the brand was linked to high-status and inspirational figures representing the worlds of art and the intellectual elite. In popular music, for example French pianist and composer Maurice Ravel, American singer Jim Morrison and British Beatles icon John Lennon. American artist Robert Motherwell used Gauloises packets and cartons in many collages, including an extensive series with the packets surrounded by bright red acrylic paint with incised lines in the painted areas.
In the introduction to his 2015 book Robert Motherwell, The Making of an American Giant, gallery owner Bernard Jacobson says, "Motherwell smoked Lucky Strikes, but in his collage life he smokes Gauloises, around whose blue packets he now organises one composition after another,'exotic to me because in the normal course of things I don't smoke French cigarettes'." And by incorporating Gauloises packets he makes deft and condensed allusion to "French blue": to the Mediterranean and the palette of Matisse... to the smoke coiling up in a Cubist assemblage."Henri Charrière, French author and convict references the smoking of Gauloises in his autobiography Papillon. This, together with the romantic associations of France, made Gauloises a popular brand among some writers and artists: in every story and novel written by Julio Cortázar set in Paris, the protagonists smoke Gauloises. John Lennon was a noted smoker of Gauloises Bleues. Frank O'Hara in his poem "The Day Lady Died" writes of going to "the tobacconist in the Ziegfeld Theatre" in New York and casually asking "for a carton of Gauloises."
Smoking Gauloises is mentioned in the teen series Gossip Girl. D/Sgt Mort Cooperman smokes Gauloises in several mystery novels by Richard "Kinky" Friedman. Smoking Gauloises was promoted as a contribution to the national good: a portion of the profits from their sale was paid to the Régie Française des Tabacs, a semi-governmental corporation charged with controlling the use of tobacco by minors, directing its profits towards beneficial causes; the designers of the traditional Gauloise packet reinforced national identity by selecting a peculiarly French shade of blue. John Frusciante, former guitarist of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, smoked Gauloises, as noted in the book Scar Tissue by friend and bandmate Anthony Kiedis. During his time at Marlborough College in the early 1960s English singer-songwriter Nick Drake would enjoy smoking Disque Blue cigarettes with his friend Jeremy Mason, in the High Street of the town. In July 2016, the French government considered a ban on both the Gauloises and Gitanes cigarette brands because they were deemed "too stylish and cool".
The ban would apply to brands including Marlboro Gold, Lucky Strike and Fortuna. It is the result of a new public health law based on a European directive that says tobacco products "must not include any element that contributes to the promotion of tobacco or give an erroneous impression of certain characteristics". Four major tobacco companies have written to the government seeking clarification on the potential law, calling for an urgent meeting to discuss the details of the plan. In the letter they accuse French health minister Marisol Touraine of an "arbitrary and disproportionate" application of EU directives; the cigarette was manufactured by SEITA but 1999 proved to be a landmark year. The legal difficulties crystallised when a French health insurance fund filed a 51.33 million franc lawsuit against four cigarette companies, including SEITA, to cover the estimated and continuing costs of treating the illnesses linked to cigarette smoking. This was followed by an action filed by the family of a deceased heavy smoker and the French state health insurer, Caisse Primaire d'Assurance Maladie, claiming compensation for the cost of the deceased's me
Kool is an American brand of menthol cigarette owned and manufactured by ITG Brands LLC, a subsidiary of Imperial Tobacco Company. Kool cigarettes sold. Launched in 1933 by Brown and Williamson as an unfiltered 70-millimeter "regular" cigarette, Kool was the first popular menthol cigarette. Spud cigarettes, introduced in 1927 by the Axton-Fisher Tobacco Company, had been the first menthol cigarette to be distributed and marketed nationwide, but Kool overtook them in sales. Kool enjoyed continued success through the 1950s. A 1953 Roper survey showed that two percent of white Americans and five percent of African Americans preferred the Kool brand. Growing public concern about the health risks associated with smoking prompted Brown and Williamson responded to release filtered varieties of Kool: an 85-millimeter "king-sized" version in the 1960s, followed by a 100-millimeter or "long" version in the 1970s; the 1980s saw the introduction of Kool lights and a loss of marketshare to other menthol brands, such as Newport.
In 2003, Brown and Williamson was purchased by the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, making Kool a Reynolds brand; the iconic green and white pack unchanged for some seventy years, was overhauled, the original unfiltered Kool cigarette was discontinued. These changes did little to boost sales. In 2015 a merger between Reynolds American and the Lorillard Tobacco Company brought the Kool brand into the Imperial Tobacco Company portfolio of properties. Kool cigarette advertising began with the character of "Willie" the penguin, portrayed as several different professions, among which were a doctor, a soldier and a chef. In the early 1950s, the company placed a number of decal signs at entrance doors reading "Come in... it's Kool inside", indicating that the space is air-conditioned. In the early 1960s, the image of the cartoon penguin was no longer used, Kool instead began marketing their cigarettes by linking the country fresh, relaxingly cool taste of menthol to cool outdoor scenes portraying water or snow.
Former Kool Models include Steve Tyler. In 1971, Kool initiated an advertising campaign where consumers could mail order a Snark sailboat with the Kool logo on the sail — for $88 along with one Kool carton flap — including delivery; the sailboats retailed at the time for $120. As one of Kool's highest scoring ads, the company received over 18,000 orders for "Sea Snarks" in 1971; the Snark/Kool campaign won a national POPI award as the most creative and inventive ad of 1971. The Kool Snark promotion was repeated in 1972, adding option payment through charge cards — and again in 1975 for $139. During the 1970s and 1980s, Kool sponsored jazz festivals and many advertisements from the era featured a musician or an actor, playing a saxophone. Kool was notoriously targeted to African-Americans, as were many menthol cigarettes. In 1975, Kool held a sweepstakes with a Rolls-Royce Corniche as the prize. Kool was the main sponsor of Team KOOL Green in the CART series from the 1997 season until the 2002 season.
In 2002, after the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement passed, Kool cigarettes could not be displayed on the cars for the IRL's Indianapolis 500, the logo was replaced with 7-Eleven. Kool cigarettes are sold in the United States, but were or still are sold in Canada, Antigua, Jamaica, Colombia, Germany, Switzerland, Spain and Australia; the Estonian Patent Office denied permission for the Kool trademark to be used in Estonia because the name means "school" in the Estonian language. Kool is available in the following styles in the United States: Green - Filter Kings & Super Longs Blue - Filter Kings & Super Longs Previously, Kool XL, a wider cigarette, was available. Official website Gallery of classic graphic design featuring Kool cigarettes
Woodbine is a British brand of cigarettes owned and manufactured by Imperial Tobacco. Woodbine cigarettes are named after the many Woodbine flowers. Woodbine was launched in 1888 by W. D. & H. O. Wills. Noted for its strong unfiltered cigarettes, the brand was cheap and popular in the early 20th century with the working-class, as well as with army men during the First and Second World War. In the Great War, the British Army chaplain Geoffrey Studdert Kennedy MC was affectionately nicknamed "Woodbine Willie" by troops on the Western Front to whom he handed out cigarettes along with Bibles and spiritual comfort. In the 1890s, Woodbine cigarettes were offered at a margin of 19%, with a possible maximum discount of 10%. In the United Kingdom, the brand was sold at low advertising costs and total expenditure on sales promotion for all cigarettes and tobacco brands in 1925 was only £12,500 per pound of tobacco sold; the intricate nineteenth century packet design remained current until the mid 1960s. When Wills changed the packaging, the public hated the new look and Woodbine sales continued to drop.
Those in the trade knew this rebranding as "the rape of the Woodbine pack". In common parlance, the unfiltered high-tar Woodbine was one of the brands collectively known as "gaspers" until about 1950, because new smokers found their harsh smoke difficult to inhale. A filtered version was launched in the United Kingdom in 1948, but was discontinued in 1988. Woodbines came in 5 cigarettes, 10 cigarettes and 20 cigarettes. In the 1960s, a few television ads were made in which Gordon Rollings played a man who did various things which would always end in misery, he would grab a packet of Woodbines from his pocket and light one up, followed by a happy tune and a man reading the line "Light up life with a Woodbine! It's Britain's best-selling cigarette!". at the end. The ads were never played on TV however, as all television commercials for cigarettes were banned on 1 August 1965. A jingle was made to promote Woodbine in the late 1950s or early 1960s. Woodbines were the oft-mentioned cigarette of choice for Tristan Farnon, the younger of the two veterinary brothers in James Herriot's semi-autobiographical All Creatures Great and Small series.
Legendary North East England comedian Bobby Thompson always smoked Woodbines on stage and mentioned them in his act. John Lennon was fond of smoking Woodbines while he was a student and into the early 60s, before switching to smoking the French made Gauloises Bleues. After switching, Lennon mocked the use of Woodbines during a documentary film that chronicled The Beatles' first visit to America. Jennifer Paterson, celebrity chef of the "Two Fat Ladies", was known to smoke Woodbines and is seen doing so in several episodes of the show. Between them, the Two Fat Ladies caused a culinary and cultural revolution, attracting 70 million viewers worldwide with their TV show, which Clarissa used to boast was the Queen Mother’s favourite viewing. Van Morrison, a Northern Irish singer-songwriter, mentions buying Woodbines in the song Cleaning Windows as a pictorial description of the main character of the song, a simple working man. Flogging Molly, an Irish-American celtic punk band, mentions smoking Woodbines in their song "Factory Girls".
The song is about an old woman, has the line, "Choking on Woodbine // cigarettes just kill time." Cigarette Tobacco smoking
Atika is a German cigarette brand, owned and manufactured by Reemtsma, a subsidiary of Imperial Tobacco. Atika, still called ATIKAH, was launched in 1889 in the founding year of the "Cigarettenfabrik Dresden". Genuine Turkish packaging inscription gave this new cigarette brand an exotic look from other brands at the time, was smoked by the higher-class people in German society. After the takeover of the Cigarettenfabrik Dresden in 1925, the brand was owned by Reemtsma. In 1943, the brand disappeared off the market in 1943 and in 1945 the production was stopped all together. In 1964, Reemtsma filed a trademark for the future re-introduction of the Atika brand. On Tuesday, 30 June 1964, a federal trademark registration was filed for the brand, accepted and registered on 16 March 1965, it expired on 16 June 1985. In order to assert itself in the fast-growing segment of low-nicotine cigarettes, the manufacturer Reemtsma introduced a deliberately high-priced cigarette in 1966 under the name "Atika", still known from the prewar period in 1966.
Since low-nicotine tobaccos have a rather weak taste, the mixture was soaked to flavour it with various flavours. The advertising slogan "It has always been a bit more expensive to have a special taste" has become commonplace and is hardly associated with the cigarette brand anymore. Various advertising material was made to promote the traditional ATIKAH cigarettes as well as the newer Atika brand, such as promotional posters and a mirror. In May 2016, the Reemtsma Group announced that it had discontinued production of the Atika brand, due to the decision of Reemtsma to focus more on its main, big brands and because the EU introduced new packaging with shock picture warnings. Various slogans were created for the Atika brand. Here is an overview of all the slogans used: "Es war schon immer etwas teurer, einen besonderen Geschmack zu haben." ("It has always been a bit more expensive to have a special taste." - 1967 "Aus Geschmack am Leichten." - 1971 "Schöne neue Welt des Genießens." - 1973 "Die leichte Cigarette mit dem besonderen Geschmack."
- 1973 "Besonders leicht. Besonders im Geschmack: Atika heute." - 1974 "Mit Würztabaken. Im Rauch nikotinarm." - 1975 "Würzig und leicht, mit den wertvollsten Tabaken der Welt." - 1975 "Wir lieben's leichter... und mit Geschmack." - 1978 "Wir lieben's leicht... und mit Geschmack." - 1979 "Der besondere Geschmack" - 1982 Main market was Germany. Other markets were Netherlands, France and Italy. Cigarette Tobacco smoking
For the French bicycle manufacturer, see Gitane. Gitanes is a French brand of cigarettes owned and manufactured by Imperial Tobacco following their acquisition of Altadis in January 2008, having been owned by SEITA before that. Gitanes was launched in 1910 in all which were filterless. In 1918, Gitanes Maïs were introduced. Which were a success in the rural areas of France. In the 1930s, the first graphic ads for Gitanes appeared. In 1956, the first filtered Gitane variant was introduced. In 1981, the "Light" versions are first marketed. In 1986, the first Gitanes Blondes were launched, which had become available internationally in 1987. However, they were a commercial failure. In 1988, the first "Extra light" versions were marketed. In 1991, Gitanes ultra lights were introduced. In 1990/1991, a simultaneous launch of a new version of Gitanes Blondes ultra light were brought on the market. Gitanes are sold in many varieties of packages; the cigarette was made with a darker or brun tobacco, in contrast to the more widespread blonde.
In honour of the name, the packet shows the silhouette of a Spanish gypsy woman playing the tambourine. There is a distinction between the "blonde" style of the current Gitanes, the classic style of Gitanes Brunes, both of which are sold in Europe and South America; the classic Gitanes Brunes tobacco achieved its characteristic and distinctive "bite" by using a fire-flued method of curing the tobacco, a "rice" type of rolling paper which differs from most other cigarettes. The result was a cigarette which had both a distinctive aroma. Gitanes Blondes are available, filtered, in Regular; the Gitanes Brunes are available in 70mm versions and unfiltered. In 2010, the size and content of the regular Gitanes were reduced. Gitanes Maïs are made with yellow corn paper. Production in France was halted, with one factory remaining operational in the Netherlands; this was due to the rise on tobacco levies imposed by the French Government in the wake of enforced EU health directives, which has forced up the price of French cigarettes to the level of those in the US, with the more aggressively promoted brands such as Marlboro now taking the majority market share."Gauloises and Gitanes exit France".
BBC News. 1 September 2005. The 90s were successful for Gitanes in terms of brand engagement. In an effort to increase awareness, the brand began sponsoring motor-sports such as Formula One racing and the Dakar Rally; these activities helped to attract a wider range of potential customers while avoiding any dilution of the brand image and thus retained the loyalty of its more artistic core customer base. In July 2016, the French government considered a ban on both the Gitanes and Gauloises cigarette brands because they were deemed "too stylish and cool"; the ban would apply to brands including Marlboro Gold, Lucky Strike and Fortuna. It is the result of a new public health law based on a European directive that says tobacco products "must not include any element that contributes to the promotion of tobacco or give an erroneous impression of certain characteristics". Four major tobacco companies have written to the government seeking clarification on the potential law, calling for an urgent meeting to discuss the details of the plan.
In the letter they accuse French health minister Marisol Touraine of an "arbitrary and disproportionate" application of EU directives. Since the 1930s, many advertisements have been made to promote the Gitanes brand; the first art-deco packet design was produced by Maurice Giot in 1927. An image of a Gypsy dancer, designed by Molusson, first appeared on the cigarette packets in 1943. In 1947, Max Ponty refined the figure to a silhouette to create an image, still in use today on the Gitanes Blonde packet; the dancer silhouette was reworked by many famous poster designers, including Savignac in 1953 and Morvan in 1960.. The boxes have always featured the colours black and white. Gitanes had a long-standing partnership with the Equipe Ligier team. Following the acquisition of the Matra Formula One team's assets, Ligier entered Formula One in 1976 with a Matra V12-powered car, won the 1977 Swedish Grand Prix with Jacques Laffite; this is considered to have been the first all-French victory in the Formula One World Championship.
In total the team won 8 races, got 47 podiums and earned 373 points during their partnership with Gitanes. In 1996, the sister company Gauloises became the new sponsor, ending a partnership that lasted 19 years. In 1997 the team was sold to Alain Prost and became Prost Grand Prix in 1997. Prost GP, despite substantial financial backing by large private French companies, failed to make the team competitive and went bankrupt in 2002. After retiring from racing following the death of his friend Jo Schlesser, Guy Ligier decided to found his own team and had engineer Michel Tétu develop a sports car named the JS1; the Cosworth-powered JS1 took wins at Albi and Monthlery in 1970, but retired at Le Mans and from the Tour Automobile de France. For 1971, Ligier had the JS1 developed into the JS2 and JS3; the JS2 was homologated for road use and used a Maserati V6 engine, while the JS3 was an open-top sports-prototype powered by a Cosworth DFV V8 engine. The JS3 failed to finish the minimum distance in Le Mans.
Therefore, it was retired, Ligier installed the Cosworth DFV in the JS2 road car, finishing second overall at Le Mans in 1975. Guy Ligier switched his efforts into Formula One. Gitanes sponsored various teams in the Dakar Rally from its first season in 1979 until tobacco sponsorship was banned by the French government. In t
West is a German brand of cigarettes owned and manufactured by Imperial Tobacco. West was introduced to the German market in 1981 and were only available in specialised tobacco shops; the launch of the new brand was accompanied by a dynamic advertising campaign under the slogan "Let's go West!". Thanks to a successful pricing policy and positioning quality at a reasonable price, a year the brand became one of the leading in Germany. Since 1987 West became available in supermarkets and cigarette vending machines. West is the second-strongest cigarette brand in Germany. In 1986, the advertising campaign "Test the West!" started, which increased the brand recognition. The success consisted in originality of the action. Promoters in pubs, bars and discotheques offered young people with blindfolds to try West cigarettes, compare them with what they smoke, make a choice in favor of one or another brand. In 1989, West Lights were introduced; the expansion of the range and the high demand for West cigarettes made it possible in two years to begin sales in Central and Eastern Europe.
In July 1995, it was reported that West was one of the most popular brands in the former German Democratic Republic. In the last five years, their share rose by 10% to 39%, as the cigarette maker Philip Morris International announced on Monday in Hamburg. According to a survey conducted by Philip Morris Marktforschung, a collapse had to endure the former GDR brands, which lost a good 8% of the market until 1995. With a total market share of 28.6%, f6 remained the most popular cigarette smoked in the former GDR. In Poland, West became available in the mid-1990s, the brand was advertised by actor Bogusław Linda in 1996. In Russia, sales of West began in 1997 the cigarettes were available in two versions with a classic filter; the appearance of the new brand was accompanied by the advertising campaigns "The taste of now" and "The power of now", which started a year earlier in Europe. In 1999, to promote the brand, the company used the provocative advertising campaign "USE", the continuation of "Test the West!".
The images used to popularize the brand had become bolder. On the advertising posters, West's characters turn out to be in intriguing and unconventional situations: for example, a girl confesses and smokes together with a priest in a confession; the slogan of the campaign is "Equality for All". According to its results, West brand reached 11% of the share of the cigarette market in Germany. In July 1999, West cigarettes became available in the U. K.. To increase the competitiveness of the brand in Russia, the brand's specialists developed an innovative Streamtec filter in the form of a propeller, in 2000 the brand was relaunched. In the early 2000s, the brand continued its active development. Thanks to the partnership with the McLaren F1 team, West's profile was raised. In production, West ST Ultra cigarettes were launched. Debut sales of West in Africa. In 2004, "Hongta Group" announced. Since 2009 there has been a significant expansion of the West line in the Russian market. West Tri Logic cigarettes with low levels of tar and nicotine and West Fusion were produced - standard length cigarettes in Super Slims format.
The following year, the production of West SSL cigarettes began in a super-thin format. A year the launch of the production of West Compact format Queen size and West Duo classic King Size with a menthol capsule in the filter. In January 2010, Imperial Tobacco announced a change in the design of the West cigarettes. Through the fresh design, the company said it was making "a conscious effort for innovation and to create something, both functional and aesthetically pleasing for our adult smokers". For a long time West cigarettes were advertised with more different campaigns. In 2003, the advertising campaign was carried out on Germany's posters and advertising pillars; the motifs showed the new seasonal pack edition of West. So there are a total of 5 different motifs painted in national colors faces from Germany, England and Brazil; the faces on the packs are representative of the enthusiasm and internationality in the country, which can be triggered for example by a FIFA World Cup. West issued special editions of cigarette packaging: West Summer Edition, West Oster Edition, West Cola, West in Space Edition and West Lemon Fresh were introduced.
From 1986 onwards, the brand used the slogan "Test the West!" and made good use of it after the fall of the Berlin Wall to gain name recognition in the former German Democratic Republic. West became the main sponsor of the small German Formula One team Zakspeed; the best result of the team was Martin Brundle's 5th place at the 1987 San Marino Grand Prix. Sponsorship continued until 1989, it was the sponsor of the McLaren Formula One team from 1997 to July 2005. West terminated its relationship with McLaren due to a European Union ban on tobacco advertising in 2005 and Vodafone and Emirates became their primary sponsor from 2006 onwards. In countries where tobacco advertising was banned on a local level, West used certain logos, covered the West logos with black gaps, put the first names of the drivers or put "East" on their cars, referring to East Germany at the time to circumvent those laws. In Argentina, West sponsored the Turismo Carretera team's Ford Falcon cars, made up of Juan María Traverso and the brothers Oscar Aventín and Antonio Aventín in 1983.
Republic Tobacco LP is a multinational wholesaler and retailer of tobacco, based in the Chicago suburb of Glenview, United States. Republic Tobacco is wholly owned by Republic Group, which includes the manufacturer affiliates of Top Tobacco, Republic Technologies, Altesse GMBH, H. T. H. Tabak, Productos Technologicos Catalanes, as well as Republic Tobacco, representing a combined sales and distribution presence in more than 90 countries; the company was founded by Donald Levin. Levin began with a small smoke shop called Adams Apple, he went into wholesale distribution and grew his company into the largest roll-your-own tobacco company in the world. In 1969, Levin became the U. S. distributor for JOB rolling papers. He built the brand and used the profits to purchase the TOP Tobacco Factory & Brands from R. J. Reynolds in the early 1980s, he is rumored to have a copy of the check. Over the years, Levin oversaw his company's expansion, which culminated in his purchase of some of the Bolloré brands and assets in the tobacco business.
In July 2009, he bought from Bolloré Papeteries du Léman and Papeteries des Vosges, two French paper mills specialized in thin papers. He purchased the Chicago Wolves sports team. List of rolling papers Company profile