The Graphics Interchange Format, is a bitmap image format, developed by a team at the online services provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987. It has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability between many applications and operating systems; the format supports up to 8 bits per pixel for each image, allowing a single image to reference its own palette of up to 256 different colors chosen from the 24-bit RGB color space. It supports animations and allows a separate palette of up to 256 colors for each frame; these palette limitations make GIF less suitable for reproducing color photographs and other images with color gradients, but it is well-suited for simpler images such as graphics or logos with solid areas of color. GIF images are compressed using the Lempel–Ziv–Welch lossless data compression technique to reduce the file size without degrading the visual quality; this compression technique was patented in 1985.
Controversy over the licensing agreement between the software patent holder and CompuServe in 1994 spurred the development of the Portable Network Graphics standard. By 2004 all the relevant patents had expired. CompuServe introduced GIF on June 15, 1987 to provide a color image format for their file downloading areas, replacing their earlier run-length encoding format, black and white only. GIF became popular because it used LZW data compression, more efficient than the run-length encoding that formats such as those used by PCX and MacPaint, large images could therefore be downloaded in a reasonably short time with slow modems; the original version of GIF was called 87a. In 1989, CompuServe released an enhanced version, called 89a, which added support for animation delays, transparent background colors, storage of application-specific metadata; the 89a specification supports incorporating text labels as text, but as there is little control over display fonts, this feature is not used. The two versions can be distinguished by looking at the first six bytes of the file, when interpreted as ASCII, read "GIF87a" and "GIF89a", respectively.
CompuServe encouraged the adoption of GIF by providing downloadable conversion utilities for many computers. By December 1987, for example, an Apple IIGS user could view pictures created on an Atari ST or Commodore 64. GIF was one of the first two image formats used on Web sites, the other being the black-and-white XBM. In September 1995 Netscape Navigator 2.0 added the ability for animated GIFs to loop. The feature of storing multiple images in one file, accompanied by control data, is used extensively on the Web to produce simple animations; the optional interlacing feature, which stores image scan lines out of order in such a fashion that a downloaded image was somewhat recognizable helped GIF's popularity, as a user could abort the download if it was not what was required. In May 2015 Facebook added support for GIF; as a noun, the word GIF is found in the newer editions of many dictionaries. In 2012, the American wing of the Oxford University Press recognized GIF as a verb as well, meaning "to create a GIF file", as in "GIFing was perfect medium for sharing scenes from the Summer Olympics".
The press's lexicographers voted it their word of the year, saying that GIFs have evolved into "a tool with serious applications including research and journalism". The creators of the format pronounced the word as "jif" with a soft "G" as in "gin". Steve Wilhite says that the intended pronunciation deliberately echoes the American peanut butter brand Jif, CompuServe employees would say "Choosy developers choose GIF", spoofing this brand's television commercials; the word is now widely pronounced with a hard "G" as in "gift". In 2017, an informal poll on programming website Stack Overflow showed some numerical preference for hard-"G" pronunciation among respondents in eastern Europe, though both soft-"G" and enunciating each letter individually were found to be popular in Asia and emerging countries; the American Heritage Dictionary cites both, indicating "jif" as the primary pronunciation, while Cambridge Dictionary of American English offers only the hard-"G" pronunciation. Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary and the OED cite both pronunciations, but place "gif" in the default position.
The New Oxford American Dictionary gave only "jif" in its 2nd edition but updated it to "jif, gif" in its 3rd edition. The disagreement over the pronunciation led to heated Internet debate. On the occasion of receiving a lifetime achievement award at the 2013 Webby Award ceremony, Wilhite rejected the hard-"G" pronunciation, his speech led to 17,000 posts on Twitter and 50 news articles; the White House and TV program Jeopardy! entered the debate during 2013. GIFs are suitable for sharp-edged line art with a limited number of colors; this takes advantage of the format's lossless compression, which favors flat areas of uniform color with well defined edges. GIFs may be used to store low-color sprite data for games. GIFs can be used for low-resolution video clips. Conceptually, a GIF file describes a fixed-sized graphical area populated with zero or more "images". Many GIF files have a single image. Others divide the logical screen into separate sub-images; the images may function as animation frames in an animated GIF file, but again these need not fill the entire logical screen.
GIF files start with a fixed-length header ("GIF87a" o
Armour of God (film)
Armour of God is a 1986 Hong Kong action comedy film written and directed by Jackie Chan, who starred in the film. The film co-stars Lola Forner and Rosamund Kwan; the film features comedy and stunts, with an Indiana Jones-style theme. Chan came the closest he has been to death in this film during a routine stunt; the film was followed by the sequel Armour of God II: Operation Condor in 1991. Jackie, a.k.a. "Asian Hawk", is a former musician who becomes an treasure hunter. After stealing a sword from an African tribe, he has the weapon auctioned before it is won by May Bannon, the beautiful daughter of Count Bannon, he is reunited with his former bandmate Alan, who seeks his help as his girlfriend Lorelei has been kidnapped by an evil religious cult as a means of acquiring Jackie's services. The cult possesses two pieces of a legendary armour called the "Armour of God", they intend to have Jackie bring them the three remaining armour pieces, including the sword. Jackie and Alan strike a deal with Count Bannon, in possession of the three armour pieces: they will borrow the armour pieces for their quest to rescue Lorelei with a promise to complete the armour for the Count, on the condition that May accompanies them.
Jackie and May travel into Northern Yugoslavia to find the cult's monastery. They infiltrate the hideout and secretly rescue Lorelei, unaware that the cult leaders have anticipated their arrival and brainwashed her to do their bidding. At May's rest home, Lorelei drugs has him steal the three armour pieces. Jackie rescues his friends; as Alan and Lorelei make their escape, Jackie fends off against the cult members before discovering the Armour of God in a cave. Before he gets a chance to take the armour, he encounters the Grand Wizard, who unleashes his four female assassins on the adventurer. Exploiting their high-heeled shoes as their weakness, Jackie defeats the assassins in a gruelling fight. Jackie is surrounded by the rest of the Grand Wizard's men, but he reveals a vest filled with sticks of dynamite under his jacket, threatening to blow himself up with the monastery. After a couple of bluffs, he carelessly lights up the fuse and throws away the sticks of dynamite, running for his life as the monastery begins to cave in, burying the entire cult and the Armour of God.
He runs out of a cave and spots a hot-air balloon with Alan and May aboard. In a daring move, Jackie does a base jump off the cave and lands on top of the balloon. Jackie Chan as Jackie a.k.a. "Asian Hawk", a treasure hunter and former member of the pop group "The Losers" Alan Tam as Alan, a former member of The Losers who has moved on to a successful solo career Lola Forner as May Bannon, the daughter of a powerful European Count Rosamund Kwan as Lorelei, Alan's girlfriend and a former member of the Losers, a prominent fashion designer Božidar Smiljanić as Count Bannon, May's father Ken Boyle as Grand Wizard, the leader of the evil religious cult John Ladalski as Lama Robert O'Brien as the African witch doctor Boris Gregoric as Jackie's representative at the auction Mars Kenny Bee Carina Lau Anthony Chan Armour of God was filmed on location in parts of what was Yugoslavia: Zagreb, Upper town, Trnje and Predjama Castle near Postojna, Slovenia. Filming was undertaken in Graz, France and Morocco.
During filming of the opening sequence, one scene called for Jackie Chan to jump from a wall to a tree branch. The first take went as planned. On his second attempt, the branch broke and he fell 5 metres to the ground below, his head hit a rock, forcing a piece of bone up into his brain. Chan was in surgery eight hours later; as a result, he now has a permanent hole in his head filled with a plastic plug and slight hearing loss in one ear. Chan replaced Eric Tsang as director following the accident. Footage of the accident is shown during the film's ending credits. While shooting the hot air balloon jump, Chan skydived out of a plane and landed on top of the balloon instead of jumping off a cliff as is seen in the film. For the shot of him jumping off the cliff, the crew rigged him up to a wire as he had no experience of BASE jumping. Armour of God was released in mid-1986 in Japan, it was released in Hong Kong on 21 January 1987. The film grossed a total of HK$35,469,408 in Hong Kong; the film received positive reviews, with an approval rating of 78% on Rotten Tomatoes based on nine reviews.
In 2014, Time Out polled several film critics, directors and stunt actors to list their top action films. Armour of God was listed at 81st place on this list. In the United States, Armour of God did not receive a theatrical release; the film's sequel, Armour of God II: Operation Condor, was released under the simplified title Operation Condor. Armour of God was subsequently released direct-to-video by Miramax Films, but the title was changed to Operation Condor 2: The Armor of the Gods, at the time of its release it served as a prequel, despite being the first film. A new musical score was created for this release, a new English dub. Nine minutes of cuts were made to the Miramax version, including: The concert scene of Jackie's band The Losers. Jackie's dream sequence; the scene in which May, disguised as a prostitute, encounters a monk. An extended version of the slapstick se
Zhuyin Fuhao, Bopomofo or Mandarin Phonetic Symbols, is the major Chinese transliteration system for Taiwanese Mandarin. It is used to transcribe other varieties of Chinese other varieties of Standard Chinese and related Mandarin dialects, as well as Taiwanese Hokkien. Zhuyin Fuhao and Zhuyin are traditional terms, whereas Bopomofo is the colloquial term used by the ISO and Unicode. Consisting of 37 characters and four tone marks, it transcribes all possible sounds in Mandarin. Zhuyin was introduced in China by the Republican Government in the 1910s and used alongside the Wade–Giles system, which used a modified Latin alphabet; the Wade system was replaced by Hanyu Pinyin in 1958 by the Government of the People's Republic of China, at the International Organization for Standardization in 1982. Although Taiwan adopted Hanyu Pinyin as its official romanization system in 2009, Bopomofo is still an official transliteration system there and remains used as an educational tool and for electronic input methods.
The informal name "Bopomofo" is derived from the first four syllables in the conventional ordering of available syllables in Mandarin Chinese. The four Bopomofo characters that correspond to these syllables are placed first in a list of these characters; the same sequence is sometimes used by other speakers of Chinese to refer to other phonetic systems. The original formal name of the system was Guóyīn Zìmǔ and Zhùyīn Zìmǔ, it was renamed Zhùyīn Fúhào, meaning "phonetic symbols". In official documents, Zhuyin is called "Mandarin Phonetic Symbols I", abbreviated as "MPS I". In English translations, the system is also called either Chu-yin or the Mandarin Phonetic Symbols. A romanized phonetic system was released in 1984 as Mandarin Phonetic Symbols II; the Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation, led by Wu Zhihui from 1912 to 1913, created a system called Zhuyin Zimu, based on Zhang Binglin's shorthand. A draft was released on July 11, 1913, by the Republic of China National Ministry of Education, but it was not proclaimed until November 23, 1928.
It was renamed first Guoyin Zimu and in April 1930, Zhuyin Fuhao. The last renaming addressed fears that the alphabetic system might independently replace Chinese characters. Zhuyin remains the predominant phonetic system in teaching reading and writing in elementary school in Taiwan, it is one of the most popular ways to enter Chinese characters into computers and smartphones and to look up characters in a dictionary. In elementary school in the lower years, Chinese characters in textbooks are annotated with Zhuyin as ruby characters as an aid to learning. Additionally, one children's newspaper in Taiwan, the Mandarin Daily News, annotates all articles with Zhuyin ruby characters. In teaching Mandarin, Taiwan institutions and some overseas communities use Zhuyin as a learning tool; the Zhuyin characters were created by Zhang Binglin, taken from "regularised" forms of ancient Chinese characters, the modern readings of which contain the sound that each letter represents. It is to be noted that the first consonants are articulated from the front of the mouth to the back, /b/, /p/, /m/, /f/, /d/, /t/, /n/, /l/ etc.
Zhuyin is written in the same stroke order rule as Chinese characters. Note that ㄖ is written with three strokes, unlike the character from which it is derived, which has four strokes; as shown in the following table, tone marks for the second and fourth tones are shared between bopomofo and pinyin. In bopomofo, the lack of a marker is used to indicate the first tone while a dot above indicates the fifth tone. In pinyin, a macron indicates the first tone and the lack of a marker indicates the fifth tone. Unlike Hanyu Pinyin, Zhuyin aligns well with the hanzi characters in books whose texts are printed vertically, making Zhuyin better suited for annotating the pronunciation of vertically oriented Chinese text. Zhuyin, when used in conjunction with Chinese characters, are placed to the right of the Chinese character vertically or to the top of the Chinese character in a horizontal print. Below is an example for the word "bottle": Érhuà-ed words merge as a single syllable, which means ㄦ is attached to the precedent syllable.
In case the syllable uses other tones than 1st tone, the tone is attached to the penultimate syllable, but not to ㄦ. Zhuyin and pinyin are based on the same Mandarin pronunciations, hence there is a one-to-one correspondence between the two systems: 1 Not written. 2 ⟨ü⟩ is written as ⟨u⟩ after ⟨j⟩, ⟨q⟩, ⟨x⟩, or ⟨y⟩. 3 ⟨ㄨㄛ⟩/⟨-uo⟩ is written as ⟨ㄛ⟩/⟨-o⟩ after ⟨ㄅ⟩/⟨-b⟩, ⟨ㄆ⟩/⟨-p⟩, ⟨ㄇ⟩/⟨-m⟩, ⟨ㄈ⟩/⟨-f⟩. 4 ⟨weng⟩ is pronounced when it follows an initial. Three letters used in non-standard dialects of Mandarin are now used to write other Chinese varieties; some Zhuyin fonts do not contain these letters. In Taiwan, Bopomofo is used to teach Taiwanese Hokkien, is used to transcribe it phonetically in contexts such as on storefront signs, karaoke lyrics, film subtitles. Zhuyin can be used as an input method for Chinese characters, it is one of the few input methods that can be found on most modern personal computers without the user having to download or install any additional softwa
Kung-Fu Master (video game)
Kung-Fu Master is a side-scrolling beat'em up game produced by Irem as arcade game in 1984 and distributed by Data East in North America. The game was released in Japan under the title of Spartan X as a tie-in based on the Jackie Chan film Wheels on Meals; the players control Thomas, the titular Kung-Fu Master, as he fights his way through the five levels of the Devil's Temple in order to rescue his girlfriend Sylvia from the mysterious crime boss Mr. X. Kung-Fu Master is regarded as the first beat'em up video game, it had a NES port titled Kung Fu. The arcade game inspired a 1988 French film of the same name; the player controls Thomas with a four-way joystick and two attack buttons to kick. Unlike more conventional side-scrolling games, the joystick is used not only to crouch, but to jump. Punches and kicks can be performed from a standing, jumping position. Punches award more points than kicks and do more damage. Underlings encountered by the player include Grippers, who can grab Thomas and drain his energy until shaken off.
On even-numbered floors, the player must deal with falling balls and pots, poisonous moths, fire-breathing dragons, exploding confetti balls. The Devil's Temple has each ending with a different boss. In order to complete a floor, Thomas must connect with enough strikes to drain the boss's energy meter. Thomas has a fixed time limit to complete each floor. Upon completing a floor, the player receives bonus points for remaining energy; the boss of the fifth floor is the leader of the gang that kidnapped Sylvia. Once he is defeated, Thomas rescues Sylvia and the game restarts at a higher difficulty level; the game was produced for Irem by Takashi Nishiyama, who created Irem's 1982 arcade-hit Moon Patrol, designed the original 1987 Street Fighter at Capcom before leaving to run SNK's videogame development division, creating the Neo Geo arcade system board and its games like Fatal Fury: King of Fighters, Art of Fighting, The King of Fighters'94, Samurai Shodown there, as well as several of their successors.
The game was based on Bruce Lee's 1972 movie Game of Death, with the five-level Devil's Temple reflecting that movie's setting of a five-level pagoda with a martial arts master in each level. However, the title was changed during development to make it a tie-in to Jackie Chan's Spartan X. Kung-Fu Master was ported to the Atari 2600, Atari 7800, Amstrad CPC, Apple II, Commodore 64, NES/Famicom, MSX, PlayChoice-10, Sinclair ZX Spectrum, it was made for the 8-bit Gameking console, under the name of Nagual. Some of the 8-bit conversions offer degraded performance and image resolution; the NES version was converted and published by Nintendo as Kung Fu in North America and the PAL region. The original arcade version was included along with the arcade versions of 10-Yard Fight and Zippy Race in IAC/Irem Arcade Classics for the PlayStation and Sega Saturn, released in Japan only in 1996 by Irem and I'Max; the arcade version was released to cell phones. The Amstrad CPC and ZX Spectrum versions of the game were included on the 1986 compilation They Sold a Million 3, along with Fighter Pilot and Rambo.
For iPad a homebrew version was released in Kung Fu Master for iPad. There was going to be an arcade sequel called Super Kung-Fu Master. Irem's 1988 Vigilante was intended as a followup; the gameplay is nearly the same, but with a different plot added to it that takes place in the urban areas of New York City, where a nameless titular character must save his girlfriend, Madonna, captured by the Skinheads. One unique feature is the ability to pick up and use the battering weapon: the nunchuks, until either the player gets hurt, finishes a stage or begin battling the final boss. In 1990, the arcade game received a different Game Boy sequel titled as "Kung-Fu Master", which has similar gameplay to the arcade game, but with a different plot and setting with the same protagonist along with a new set of enemies different stages and new bosses including a Chainsaw Man, another Strongman, a Napalm Bomber, a Ninja, a Shinobi and a mysterious and wealthy Kung Fu Master named Zapp Morgan, the leader; some of Thomas's new abilities are back-flip kicks and small bombs dropped by enemies.
The flat levels were modified into stages with different platforms and objects in an urban city style similar to Vigilante's. The English version was modified from the Japanese version, by changing the look of Thomas, renaming him "Bruce Leap", add some small enemies in the final stage before fighting the final boss. In 1991 a Japan-exclusive sequel to the game was released for the Famicom, titled Spartan X 2. Like Vigilante and the Game Boy version of Kung-Fu Master, Spartan X 2's plot is quite different and takes place in an urban area
Jackie Chan's Action Kung Fu
Jackie Chan's Action Kung Fu is an action platform video game developed by Now Production and published by Hudson Soft. It was first released for the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1990 and for the TurboGrafx-16 in 1991; the player controls Jackie Chan, the well-known martial arts stunt master, brawls against many enemies during his quest to save his sister. The game is played through five levels. Throughout the game, the player would encounter frogs that carry power-ups or rice bowls, but the frogs would have to be hit in order for the item to be obtained. Power-ups can allow the player to do a special type of attack over a limited number of times. Jackie is able to charge a special beam-like attack, although it can only be used up to five times. Most of the enemies that the player defeats will drop green orbs, but enemies killed by beam attacks won't drop any orbs. If the player collects 30 orbs, life will be replenished. If the player dies, all of the orbs and power-ups must be gained again.
The player may continue up to five times initially. Extra continues may be earned through bonus stages throughout the game, which are levels triggered by bells in the levels which transport Jackie to the bonus stages, each of which have a 30-second time limit and involve jumping on clouds or hitting statues to earn points. At the end of 30 seconds, those points are tallied and may be used to buy extra lives and special attacks. Jackie Chan's Action Kung Fu at MobyGames
Spartan X 2
Spartan X 2 is a 1991 beat'em up video game developed by Tamtex and published by Irem in Japan for the Family Computer. It is a sequel to Irem's 1984 coin-operated video game Spartan X, ported to the Family Computer by Nintendo in 1985. In turn, Spartan X was a tie-in to the 1984 Jackie Chan film Wheels on Meals. Spartan X 2 did not receive a North American release until 2016, when it was included as a built-in title for the Retro-Bit Generations retro video game console under the name Kung-Fu Master 2. Translated from the game's manual The city has been corrupted by drugs for some time. Johnny Thomas, a man who lost his mother and sister as a result of his father being used as an experiment for a new kind of drug, is the only man who opposes the drug syndicates. After the incident, Thomas left the corrupted police department he was working for and became a private secret agent in order to investigate the illegal trafficking routes in his city. During his investigation, he learns that an international criminal organization known as "Hawk" is responsible for the majority of the drugs that has sneaked into the country.
The player takes control of Johnny Thomas, an undercover investigator tasked with fighting a drug syndicate. There are a total of six stages in each with its own boss. Whereas the original game was set in a five-storey pagoda, the stages of Spartan X 2 consists of different locations which includes a train, a warehouse, a boat, an airplane, a mansion, a drug plant; when the player clears a stage, only a certain portion of the player's vitality will be restored. However, the player can restore their vitality during the course of each stage by picking up the Stamina X potions left behind by certain enemies. In addition to all of Thomas' moves from the original game, the player can perform two new moves while crouching for an extended period: an uppercut and an over-the-shoulder throw. Spartan X 2 at MobyGames Spartan X 2 at I-Mockery.com
Jackie Chan filmography
Hong Kong actor Jackie Chan's career spans more than five decades and features him working as an actor, martial artist, film director, action director, stuntman and singer. Chan began his career as an extra child actor in the Little Wong Tin Bar. Ten years he was a stuntman opposite Bruce Lee in 1972's Fist of Fury and 1973's Enter the Dragon, he had starring roles in several kung fu films, such as 1973's Little Tiger of Canton and 1976's New Fist of Fury. His first major breakthrough was the 1978 film Snake in the Eagle's Shadow, shot while he was loaned to Seasonal Film Corporation under a two-picture deal, he enjoyed greater success with similar kung fu comedy films such as 1978's Drunken Master and 1980's The Young Master. In 1982, Jackie Chan began experimenting with elaborate stunt action sequences in Dragon Lord, which featured a pyramid fight scene that holds the record for the most takes required for a single scene, with 2900 takes, the final fight scene where he performs various stunts, including one where he does a back flip off a loft and falls to the lower ground.
In 1983, Project A saw the official formation of the Jackie Chan Stunt Team and added elaborate, dangerous stunts to the fights and typical slapstick humor. Police Story contained many large-scale action scenes, including an opening sequence featuring a car chase through a shanty town, Chan stopping a double-decker bus with his service revolver and a climactic fight scene in a shopping mall; this final scene earned the film the nickname "Glass Story" by the crew, due to the huge number of panes of sugar glass that were broken. During a stunt in this last scene, in which Chan slides down a pole from several stories up, the lights covering the pole had heated it resulting in Chan suffering second-degree burns to his hands, as well as a back injury and dislocation of his pelvis upon landing. Chan performed elaborate stunts in numerous other films, such as several Police Story sequels, Project A Part II, the Armor of God series, Dragons Forever, Drunken Master II, Rumble in the Bronx, the Rush Hour series, among others.
In 1995, Rumble in the Bronx made Jackie Chan a mainstream celebrity in America. In 2000, Chan played a fictionalized version of himself in the animated series Jackie Chan Adventures, which ran until 2005. In July 2008, the BTV reality television series titled; the aim of the series, produced by and featured Chan, was to find a new star to become Chan's "successor" and student in film-making. The winner of the series was Jack Tu, now set to star in three modern Chinese action films, one of, scripted by Chan, all three to be co-produced by Chan's company JCE Movies Limited. In 2010, Jackie Chan appeared in his first dramatic role in an American film, a remake of 1984's The Karate Kid as Mr. Miyagi, opposite co-star Jaden Smith. Chan followed up the high-profile part with a minor role Shaolin. Jackie Chan's 100th movie,1911, which he co-directed and starred in, was released on September 26, 2011 and in North America on October 14. While Chan has directed over ten films over his career, this was his first directorial work since Who Am I? in 1998.
While at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, Chan announced that he was retiring from action films citing that he was getting too old for the genre. He clarified that he would not be retiring from action films, but would be performing fewer stunts and taking care of his body more. Jackie Chan's 2017 film was Kung Fu Yoga, released on January 27, 2017. Jackie Chan plays the role as a world-renowned archaeology professor. Jack and his team are on a grand quest to locate a lost ancient Indian treasure when they are ambushed by a team of mercenaries and left for dead. Using his vast knowledge of Asian history and Kungfu, Jack leads his team on a race around the world to beat the mercenaries to the treasure and save an ancient culture in this breakneck action-comedy that reunites Chan with acclaimed director Stanley Tong, his film Dragon Blade, the historical action film. In the film, Chan plays Huo An, the commander of the Protection Squad of the Western Regions during the Han Dynasty; the film was released on February 19, 2015.
His films had collectively grossed HK$1.14 billion at the Hong Kong box office up until 2010, over US$72 million in South Korea between 1991 and 2010, ¥48.4 billion in Japan up until 2012. As of 2018, his films have grossed US$1.84 billion in the United States and Canada, CN¥8.6 billion in China, 20 million box office admissions in France, over 27.3 million admissions in Germany and Italy. As of 2018, his films have grossed more than US$5 billion at the worldwide box office. Jackie Chan filmography at AllMovie Jackie Chan filmography on IMDb Jackie Chan filmography at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase