Seaside is an unincorporated master-planned community on the Florida panhandle in Walton County, between Panama City Beach and Destin. One of the first communities in America designed on the principles of New Urbanism, the town has become the topic of slide lectures in architectural schools and in housing-industry magazines, is visited by design professionals from all over the United States; the town rose to global fame as being the main filming location of the movie The Truman Show. On April 18, 2012, the American Institute of Architects's Florida Chapter placed the community on its list of Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places as the Seaside – New Urbanism Township. The idea behind Seaside came in 1946, when the grandfather of future founder Robert S. Davis bought 80 acres of land along the shore of Northwest Florida as a summer retreat for his family. In 1978 Davis inherited the parcel from his grandfather, aimed to transform it into an old-fashioned beach town, with traditional wood-framed cottages of the Florida Panhandle.
Davis, his wife Daryl, architectural partners Andrés Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk of Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company toured the south studying small towns as a basis for planning Seaside. The final plan was complete around 1985; as Seaside is owned, no other municipal governments had planning jurisdiction over Seaside, therefore the developers were able to write their own zoning codes. Seaside's commercial hub is located at the town center; the streets are designed in a radiating street pattern with pedestrian alleys and open spaces located throughout the town. There is residential types throughout the community. Individual housing units in Seaside are required to be different from other buildings, with designs ranging from styles such as Victorian, Modern and Deconstructivism. Seaside includes buildings by architects such as Léon Krier, Robert A. M. Stern, Steven Holl and Silvetti Associates, Deborah Berke, Gordon Burns & Associates, Thomas Christ, Walter Chatham, Daniel Solomon, Ronnie Holstead, Jeff Margaretten, Alex Gorlin, Aldo Rossi, Michael McDonough, Samuel Mockbee, David Mohney, Steve Badanes, Walker Candler, David Coleman.
Architect Scott Merrill designed an interfaith chapel and local landmark. Seaside has no private front lawns, only native plants are used in front yards. During the Annual 30A Songwriters Festival, produced by the Cultural Arts Association of Walton County, singer-songwriters from all over the U. S. perform at a few venues in Seaside itself. The Seaside Half Marathon and 5k Race is held each year in March, attracts runners from all across the U. S; this is becoming one of the region's premier running events. The 5K Run is limited to the first 800 people that register and the Half Marathon is limited to the first 2200 that register; the top three runners from each age group receive a prize, every runner in the half marathon receives a medal upon completing the race. Participants are allowed to walk in either race. Other events include the Seeing Red Wine Festival, a dance festival, a farmers market, holiday events such as an annual production of The Nutcracker. Escape to Create aims to celebrate artists and serve the community through Multi-Disciplinary Artist Residencies, Visiting Artists and Scholars and Cultural Programs, Educational outreach.
On Saturday mornings the Seaside Farmers Market offers fresh local produce, dairy products, baked goods, native plants. Demonstrations in cooking and gardening are held on a regular basis; the Repertory Theater was founded in the spring of 2001, serves more than 25,000 people every year. The plays are performed by the only professional theater company on the Emerald Coast, includes everything from family shows to sophisticated adult content shows. High school students who live in the area can intern at the Seaside Repertory Theater; the program is intended to teach practical knowledge by working with the staff and get to be in charge of their own production. In 1995 a group of parents and other community members from towns in Walton County and discussed how they could improve education within the county, their discussions focused on making a densely populated school with grades five to eight. In 1996 Seaside Neighborhood School was established, it was Florida's first charter school. The school consisted of 50 students and one classroom.
In 1998, architect Richard Gibbs designed three white buildings. In order to maintain the small enrollment of children that attend the school, a limited number of students are accepted into each grade. If enrollment exceeds the limit, students names are drawn randomly from a lottery. After the limit has been reached, they continue to pull out names which creates a school year waiting list. If someone withdraws from the school the first on the waiting list will be accepted. Children of employees, Board Members, or siblings of current attendees of the school are automatically admitted. In 2013, Seaside Neighborhood School founded a collegiate high school, called Seacoast Collegiate High School. In its inaugural year, it served 80 students in grades 9 and 10. Grade 11 was added in 2014 and grade 12 was added in the fall of 2015. In August 2014, Seaside Neighborhood School introduced a fifth grade class. Celebration, Florida Golden Oak at Walt Disney World Resort The Seaside Institute website The Seaside Research Portal by the University of Notre Dame's School of Architecture and Hesburgh Libraries
Ocean View (Norfolk)
Ocean View is a coastal region in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States. It has several miles of shoreline on the Chesapeake Bay to the north, starting with Willoughby Spit to the west and the Joint Expeditionary Base -- Little Creek in the independent city of Virginia Beach on the east; the entire area of South Hampton Roads was part of Elizabeth River Shire when it was formed in 1634. From this original shire, in 1636, New Norfolk County was formed, divided again into Upper and Lower Norfolk counties in 1637. Lower Norfolk County was split in 1691 to form Norfolk County; the Ocean View area was to remain part of Norfolk County for over 225 years, until it and the adjacent Willoughby Spit area were annexed by the independent City of Norfolk in 1923.. A small portion of East Ocean View adjacent to the Little Creek Amphibious Base was added in a land-swap with the city of Virginia Beach in 1988; the area which became known as Ocean View City was a 360-acre tract called the Magagnos Plantation which had extensive frontage on the Chesapeake Bay east of Willoughby Spit and west of Little Creek.
The Ocean View area was surveyed and laid out with streets and lots as Ocean View City in 1854 by William Mahone, a young civil engineer, building the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. Under the leadership of Walter H. Taylor, about 30 years a narrow gauge steam passenger railroad service was established between Norfolk and Ocean View, a 9-mile long line crossing what was known as Tanner's Creek. Named the Ocean View Railroad, it was known as the Norfolk and Ocean View Railroad. A small steam locomotive named the General William B. Mahone hauled increasing volumes of passengers on the weekends; the steam service was replaced by electric-powered trolley cars, becoming both a popular resort and a streetcar suburb of the City of Norfolk. The improvements consisted of the swimming beach and cottages; the location was quite popular for Sunday outings from Norfolk. The popular Nansemond Hotel was built about 1928. With the advent of additional electric streetcars in the late 19th century, an amusement park was developed at the end-of-the-line and a boardwalk was built along the adjacent beach area.
These were a favorite of sailors on leave from the Norfolk Navy Base. Buses replaced the streetcars in the late 1940s. In the mid 20th century, for a number of years, AM radio station WGH broadcast live from a booth under the roller coaster. Completion of the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel in 1957 connected the Ocean View area to the Virginia Peninsula. However, it and other newer highways encouraged visitors to continue on to the Virginia Beach resort area on the Atlantic Ocean, a small city which boomed after merging with Princess Anne County in 1963. In particular, construction of nearby Interstate 64 and the Virginia Beach Expressway made it easier for tourists from afar to bypass Ocean View en route to the Oceanfront area of Virginia Beach. After several years of decline in the 1970s, during which Busch Gardens in Williamsburg opened less than an hour's drive away, Ocean View Amusement Park was closed after Labor Day, 1978 and was torn down soon after the filming of a 1979 made-for-TV movie called The Death of Ocean View Park, which starred Mike Connors of Mannix fame, Barry Newman, Academy Award winner Martin Landau.
A key scene featured blowing up the landmark wooden roller coaster "The Rocket". While there had been popular concern as to the structural integrity of the famous but aged wooden structure, early attempts to film its destruction with explosives met with failure. On the third attempt, with a bulldozer off camera helping to pull the structure down, the landmark appeared to explode in a large fireball; the 1977 movie Rollercoaster, George Segal, Henry Fonda, Richard Widmark, features "The Rocket", as well as other shots of the park in the opening sequences. In the early 21st century, as the entire coastal property market surged with new growth, redevelopment in the Ocean View community has resulted in new upscale residential properties replacing old beach cottages and small motels along the resort strip. Property values bay front property in the East Beach neighborhood, have increased in value. Today, U. S. Route 60 is the main roadway paralleling the bay along the resort strip on Ocean View Avenue.
U. S. Route 460 begins at its junction in front of the site of the former amusement park, where a city park and a high rise condominium is now located. In a large-scale urban renewal project begun in the 1990s, the city of Norfolk invested over $50 million to develop, as part of a public-private partnership, an upscale new urbanist waterfront neighborhood named "East Beach" in East Ocean View; as part of the project, the city acquired and tore down more than 1,600 buildings across 100 acres, relocated hundreds of low-income residents. The master plan for the neighborhood was designed by Andrés Duany with Duany Plater-Zyberk; the neighborhood is fashioned after classic Southeastern seaboard coastal villages, includes 700 residences, neighborhood restaurants, boutique shops, a Bay Front Club, offices and public places. In 2003, a massive beach restoration project was completed by the city, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Virginia Port Authority, which involved a large-scale rebuilding of sand dunes, planting of vegetation, the placement of 10 offshore breakwaters to slow erosion and protect the neighborhood from coastal storms.
In 2007, the American Shore and Beach Pres
New Urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes environmentally friendly habits by creating walkable neighborhoods containing a wide range of housing and job types. It arose in the United States in the early 1980s, has influenced many aspects of real estate development, urban planning, municipal land-use strategies. New Urbanism is influenced by urban design practices that were prominent until the rise of the automobile prior to World War II; these ideas can all be circled back to two concepts: building a sense of community and the development of ecological practices. The organizing body for New Urbanism is the Congress for the New Urbanism, founded in 1993, its foundational text is the Charter of the New Urbanism, which begins: We advocate the restructuring of public policy and development practices to support the following principles: neighborhoods should be diverse in use and population. New Urbanists support: regional planning for open space, they believe their strategies can reduce traffic congestion by encouraging the population to ride bikes, walk, or take the train.
They hope that this set up will increase the supply of affordable housing and rein in suburban sprawl. The Charter of the New Urbanism covers issues such as historic preservation, safe streets, green building, the re-development of brownfield land; the ten Principles of Intelligent Urbanism phrase guidelines for new urbanist approaches. Architecturally, new urbanist developments are accompanied by New Classical, postmodern, or vernacular styles, although, not always the case; until the mid 20th century, cities were organized into and developed around mixed-use walkable neighborhoods. For most of human history this meant a city, walkable, although with the development of mass transit the reach of the city extended outward along transit lines, allowing for the growth of new pedestrian communities such as streetcar suburbs, but with the advent of cheap automobiles and favorable government policies, attention began to shift away from cities and towards ways of growth more focused on the needs of the car.
After World War II urban planning centered around the use of municipal zoning ordinances to segregate residential from commercial and industrial development, focused on the construction of low-density single-family detached houses as the preferred housing format for the growing middle class. The physical separation of where people live from where they work and spend their recreational time, together with low housing density, which drastically reduced population density relative to historical norms, made automobiles indispensable for practical transportation and contributed to the emergence of a culture of automobile dependency; this new system of development, with its rigorous separation of uses, arose after World War II and became known as "conventional suburban development" or pejoratively as urban sprawl. The majority of U. S. citizens now live in suburban communities built in the last fifty years, automobile use per capita has soared. Although New Urbanism as an organized movement would only arise a number of activists and thinkers soon began to criticize the modernist planning techniques being put into practice.
Social philosopher and historian Lewis Mumford criticized the "anti-urban" development of post-war America. The Death and Life of Great American Cities, written by Jane Jacobs in the early 1960s, called for planners to reconsider the single-use housing projects, large car-dependent thoroughfares, segregated commercial centers that had become the "norm"; the French architect François Spoerry has developed in the 60's the concept of "soft architecture" that he applied to Port Grimaud, a new marina in south of France. The success of this project had a considerable influence and led to many new projects of soft architecture like Port Liberté in New Jersey or Le Plessis Robisson in France. Rooted in these early dissenters, the ideas behind New Urbanism began to solidify in the 1970s and 80s with the urban visions and theoretical models for the reconstruction of the "European" city proposed by architect Leon Krier, the pattern language theories of Christopher Alexander; the term "new urbanism" itself started being used in this context in the mid-1980s, but it wasn't until the early 1990s that it was written as a proper noun capitalized.
In 1991, the Local Government Commission, a private nonprofit group in Sacramento, invited architects Peter Calthorpe, Michael Corbett, Andrés Duany, Elizabeth Moule, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Stefanos Polyzoides, Daniel Solomon to develop a set of community principles for land use planning. Named the Ahwahnee Principles, the commission presented the principles to about one hundred government officials in the fall of 1991, at its first Yosemite Conference for Local Elected Officials. Calthorpe, Moule, Plater-Zyberk and Solomon founded the Chicago-based Congress for the New Urbanism in 1993; the CNU has grown to more than three thousand members, is the leading international organizati
Rosemary Beach, Florida
Rosemary Beach is an unincorporated master planned community in Walton County, United States on the Gulf Coast. Rosemary Beach is developed on land part of the older Inlet Beach neighborhood; the town was founded by Patrick D. Bienvenue as President of Leucadia Financial Corporation in 1995, was designed by Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company; the town is around 105 acres and upon completion had just over 400 homesites and a mixed use town center with shops and activities. The town is a master-planned community located on a beachside road, CR 30A. Rosemary Beach is one of three planned communities on Florida's Gulf coast designed by Andrés Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk; the other two are Alys Beach. The three are examples of a style of urban planning known as New Urbanism. Rosemary Beach, designed in 1995, offers restaurants, a hotel and public green spaces; the design of the town takes its cues from New Orleans’ French Quarter and European Colonial influences in the West Indies and Caribbean. Sustainable materials, natural color palates, high ceilings for better air circulation and easy access to the beach by foot are typical design features found.
Rosemary Beach Discover 30A
Portland is the largest and most populous city in the U. S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers; as of 2017, Portland had an estimated population of 647,805, making it the 26th-largest city in the United States, the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest. 2.4 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area, making it the 25th most populous MSA in the United States. Its Combined Statistical Area ranks 18th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area. Named after Portland, the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail, its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, the timber industry was a major force in the city's early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering.
After the city's economy experienced an industrial boom during World War II, its hard-edged reputation began to dissipate. Beginning in the 1960s, Portland became noted for its growing progressive political values, earning it a reputation as a bastion of counterculture; the city operates with a commission-based government guided by a mayor and four commissioners as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States. The city government is notable for its land-use investment in public transportation. Portland is recognized as one of the world's most environmentally conscious cities because of its high walkability, large community of bicyclists, farm-to-table dining, expansive network of public transportation options, over 10,000 acres of public parks, its climate is marked by cool, rainy winters. This climate is ideal for growing roses, Portland has been called the "City of Roses" for over a century. During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula, in what would become Montana.
These massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet of water. Before American pioneers began arriving in the 1800s, the land was inhabited for many centuries by two bands of indigenous Chinook people—the Multnomah and the Clackamas; the Chinook people occupying the land were first documented in 1805 by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast. Large numbers of pioneer settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail, though life was centered in nearby Oregon City. In the early 1840s a new settlement emerged ten miles from the mouth of the Willamette River halfway between Oregon City and Fort Vancouver; this community was referred to as "Stumptown" and "The Clearing" because of the many trees cut down to allow for its growth. In 1843 William Overton saw potential in the new settlement but lacked the funds to file an official land claim.
For 25 cents, Overton agreed to share half of the 640-acre site with Asa Lovejoy of Boston. In 1845 Overton sold his remaining half of the claim to Francis W. Pettygrove of Maine. Both Pettygrove and Lovejoy wished to rename "The Clearing" after their respective hometowns; this controversy was settled with a coin toss that Pettygrove won in a series of two out of three tosses, thereby providing Portland with its namesake. The coin used for this decision, now known as the Portland Penny, is on display in the headquarters of the Oregon Historical Society. At the time of its incorporation on February 8, 1851, Portland had over 800 inhabitants, a steam sawmill, a log cabin hotel, a newspaper, the Weekly Oregonian. A major fire swept through downtown in August 1873, destroying twenty blocks on the west side of the Willamette along Yamhill and Morrison Streets, causing $1.3 million in damage. By 1879, the population had grown to 17,500 and by 1890 it had grown to 46,385. In 1888, the city built the first steel bridge built on the West Coast.
Portland's access to the Pacific Ocean via the Willamette and Columbia rivers, as well as its easy access to the agricultural Tualatin Valley via the "Great Plank Road", provided the pioneer city with an advantage over other nearby ports, it grew quickly. Portland remained the major port in the Pacific Northwest for much of the 19th century, until the 1890s, when Seattle's deepwater harbor was connected to the rest of the mainland by rail, affording an inland route without the treacherous navigation of the Columbia River; the city had its own Japantown, for one, the lumber industry became a prominent economic presence, due to the area's large population of Douglas Firs, Western Hemlocks, Red Cedars, Big Leaf Maple trees. Portland developed a reputation early in its history as a gritty port town; some historians have described the city's early establishment as being a "scion of New England. In 1889, The Oregonian called Portland "the most filthy city in the Northern States", due to the unsanitary sewers and gutters, and, at the turn of the 20th century, it was considered one of the most dangerous port cities in the world.
The city housed a large number of saloons
Andrés Duany is an American architect, an urban planner, a founder of the Congress for the New Urbanism. Duany was born in New York City but grew up in Cuba until 1960, he attended The Choate School and Aiglon College and received his undergraduate degree in architecture and urban planning from Princeton University. After a year of study at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris, he received a master's degree from the Yale School of Architecture. In 1977, Duany was co-founder of the Miami firm Arquitectonica with his wife, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk. Arquitectonica became famous for playful Latin-American influenced modernism; the firm's Atlantis Condominium was featured prominently in the opening credits of Miami Vice. Duany Plater Zyberk & Company was founded in 1980 in Florida. DPZ participated in the international movement called the New Urbanism, which seeks to end suburban sprawl and urban disinvestment; the firm first received recognition as the designer of Seaside and Kentlands, Maryland. It has completed designs and codes for over three hundred new towns, regional plans, inner-city revitalization projects.
He is a representative of New Classical Architecture. Duany is a co-founder and emeritus board member of the Congress for the New Urbanism, established in 1993, he has co-authored five books: Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream, The New Civic Art, "The Smart Growth Manual", "Garden Cities" and "Landscape Urbanism and Its Discontents". Duany holds two honorary doctorates. With his partner, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, he has been awarded several honorary doctorates and awards including the Vincent Scully Prize by the National Building Museum in recognition of their contributions to the American built environment; the Brandeis Award for Architecture, the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Medal of Architecture, the Arthur Ross Award in Community Planning, the Richard H. Driehaus Prize for Classical Architecture, the Society of American Registered Architects International Award, the Albert Simons Medal of Excellence, among others. Duany, Andrés, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Jeff Speck.
Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream. New York: North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-606-3 Duany, Andrés, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Robert Alminana; the New Civic Art: Elements of Town Planning. New York: Rizzoli International Publications. ISBN 0-8478-2186-2 Duany, Andrés and Jeff Speck, with Mike Lydon; the Smart Growth Manual. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-137675-5 Duany, Andrés and DPZ. Garden Cities: Theory & Practice of Agrarian Urbanism, The Prince's Foundation for the Built Environment Lombard, Joanna; the Architecture of Duany Plater-Zyberk and Company. New York: Rizzoli International Publications. ISBN 0-8478-2600-7 Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company Congress for the New Urbanism Subdivided: Isolation and Community in America A Documentary Film featuring Andrés Duany media 2008 video of Andrés Duany on YouTube at the Driehaus Prize ceremony
Prospect New Town
Prospect New Town is a New Urbanist housing development located on the southern edge of the city of Longmont in Boulder County, Colorado in the United States. The first full-scale new urbanist new development in Colorado, it was developed starting in the mid-1990s by Kiki Wallace and designed by the firm of Duany Plater Zyberk & Company, who designed the new urbanist communities of Seaside and Kentlands in Gaithersburg, Maryland; as of 2009, the project is in its sixth phase of development. It is intended to have a population of 2,000 people in 585 units on 340 lots; the development is being built on the site of an 80-acre tree farm owned by Wallace's family. It sits along the west side of U. S. Highway 287 just south of Pike Road; the development incorporates a broad mix of traditional and modern designs, mixed to create an eclectic feel. Although planned by DPZ, the individual units are designed by a variety of architects, who are encouraged to experiment with styles, it includes a heterogeneous mix of businesses, detached homes, row houses, live/work lofts, apartments.
The original farmhouse and other structures have been integrated into the development, in part to retain continuity with the former use of the property. Some of the new structures resembles traditional housing styles from early in the 20th century, while others are eclectic and ultramodern. Keeping to new urbanist principles espoused by Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk and others, the plan of the community forgoes traditional suburban features such as large front lawns, uniform featureless fronts dominated by large garage doors, segregation of housing from businesses. Instead, the development is designed with small yards and higher density, to create a traditional neighborhood look and feel, it is designed to be pedestrian friendly, not only in the amenities such as sidewalks, but in promoting the desirability of walking short distances within the complex. Houses and lots in the project are smaller than in U. S. suburban developments. The typical house in the project has an area 5,100 square feet of living space on a 7,000 square foot lot.
Prices for houses in the project ranged from 150,000–500,000 USD, but have trended upward because of the high demand and the overall growth of real estate prices in the area. The development includes a town center interwoven into the center of the residential area, with businesses ranging from restaurants to professional offices; the streets are oriented to maximize the view of the mountains, a traditional town center that would be no more than five minutes on foot from any place in the neighborhood. It would include not only houses but stores and offices that themselves would have living spaces upstairs, in the manner of many older traditional two-story commercial properties. Due to the bright colors and eclectic architecture of the buildings, many area residents refer to Prospect as "Toon Town". Wallace, who disliked suburbia, had bought the tree farm from his family and had wondered how to develop it in a tasteful way when he read an article in the Wall Street Journal about Duany and the New Urbanist movement.
Wallace, together with Duany and Longmont developer Dale Bruns, began planning the unique development in the middle 1990s. The development was to serve as a test case for traditional neighborhoods in the planning stages along the Colorado Front Range; the parcel of land offered a full view of the nearby mountains, including Longs Peak. The development, at first called the "Wallace Addition" and the "Burlington Village", was to be financed at 37 million dollars; the partners hired the Rocky Mountain Institute, based in Snowmass, Colorado, as consultants for the use of ecologically-friendly building materials and planning. The design calls for the eventual construction of nine small parks integrated throughout the houses and businesses; some of the units will have apartments above garages, a traditional feature that will allow renters to live in the neighborhood and will allow homeowners to reduce mortgage payments. Other traditional features included in the project are the use of rear lanes, a feature, once prevalent in the grid plans of most U.
S. towns but, banished from suburbia. Duany has long espoused the use of rear lanes as leading to a better integration of automobile and foot traffic in a neighborhood; as was the case with many New Urbanist projects in the United States, the proposal violated numerous local zoning ordinances and met with much initial resistance from local planning authorities and other agencies. In particular, the project's density did not have the required open space. Wallace and Duany struggled throughout 1994 to convince the local and state authorities to allow the project; the struggle is reflected in Wallace's choice of street names in the project: the main thoroughfare off U. S. 287 is called "Tenacity Drive." The struggle of the three men paid off, in the following year, many initial doubters came to embrace the project. In October 1995 the Longmont Planning Board granted the appropriate variances and unanimously approved the project, on the grounds that "this is what people want." The project was backed by Longmont mayor Leona Stoecker.
The first building phase was to include 65 lots. By the time of the approval of the planning board in 1995, Wallace had pre-sold 35 of the lots; the initial success and enthusiasm prompted interest from other such developers. A developer from Colorado Springs began planning a similar development nearby; the ne