Zayed University, جامعة زايد is one of three government-sponsored higher education institutions in the United Arab Emirates. Achieving accreditation by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education in the USA and it is named in honor of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the countrys first president. Zayed University was established in 1998 by the Emirati federal government, in November 2014, Zayed University was ranked 23rd out of 25 in the QS World University Arab Rankings. It does not feature in any world rankings, in 2008, Zayed University announced that it received accreditation from the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. Zayed University announced it had received re-accreditation in 2013, the University is one of only 16 overseas institutions accredited by the MSCHE, and one of only 4 in the Middle East. Programs within its College of Technological Innovation obtained accreditation through the Accreditation Board for Engineering, programs within its College of Business obtained accreditation through the Association for the Advancement of Collegiate Schools of Business International accreditation in June 2013.
Zayed University College of Education is the first university, outside of the USA, programs within its College of Communication and Media Sciences obtained accreditation through the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications in May 2015. Programs within its College of Arts and Creative Enterprises were recognized as substantially equivalent through NASAD in July 2015, Zayed University has adopted an outcomes-based academic program model. The programs are outcomes-based and designed with reference to the Zayed University Learning Outcomes and these were designed by hired U. S. consultants as a means of developing the necessary outcomes to prepare students for the world. The major outcomes-based programs are housed the six academic outcomes-based colleges, outcomes-based majors are based on Zayed Universitys learning outcomes, they are discipline specific, yet outcomes based. The universitys campus in Abu Dhabi moved to a new campus in Khalifa City in 2011 and its Dubai campus moved to its current Al Ruwayyah location, near Academic City, in 2006.
The original campus was near the end of the Abu Dhabi peninsula. Plans for future campuses in other Emirates have been in development since the early 2000s, land was allotted in the Emirate of Ras al Khaimah for the building of a new campus in 2001, but building was delayed due to a drop in interest in the venture. In December 2010, the Federal National Council queried the competency of the senior management. According to The National, Zayed University was reported to owe over Dh33 million in unpaid water, according to The National, three people held the position of provost between April and June 2011, with a total of seven provosts between 1998 and 2011. In 2012, the effectiveness of its education program was questioned. In early 2013, the president of Zayed University, Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, was dismissed as the U. A. E. s Minister of Higher Education. He was surprisingly moved to the Ministry of Culture and this was announced on Twitter by Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United Arab Emirates
In 2013, the UAEs population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million are Emirati citizens and 7.8 million are expatriates. The country is a federation of seven emirates, and was established on 2 December 1971, the constituent emirates are Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Quwain. Each emirate is governed by a monarch, they jointly form the Federal Supreme Council. One of the monarchs is selected as the President of the United Arab Emirates, Islam is the official religion of the UAE and Arabic is the official language. The UAEs oil reserves are the seventh-largest in the world while its natural gas reserves are the worlds seventeenth-largest, Sheikh Zayed, ruler of Abu Dhabi and the first President of the UAE, oversaw the development of the Emirates and steered oil revenues into healthcare and infrastructure. The UAEs economy is the most diversified in the Gulf Cooperation Council, while its most populous city of Dubai is an important global city, the country remains principally reliant on its export of petroleum and natural gas.
The UAE is criticised for its rights record, including the specific interpretations of Sharia used in its legal system. The UAEs rising international profile has led analysts to identify it as a regional. It appears the land of the Emirates has been occupied for thousands of years, there is no proof of contact with the outside world at that stage, although in time it developed with civilisations in Mesopotamia and Iran. This contact persisted and became wide-ranging, probably motivated by trade in copper from the Hajar Mountains, in ancient times, Al Hasa was part of Al Bahreyn and adjoined Greater Oman. Sassanid groups were present on the Batinah coast, in 637, Julfar was an important port that was used as a staging post for the Islamic invasion of the Sassanian Empire. The area of the Al Ain/Buraimi Oasis was known as Tuam and was an important trading post for camel routes between the coast and the Arabian interior. The earliest Christian site in the UAE was first discovered in the 1990s, a monastic complex on what is now known as Sir Bani Yas Island.
Thought to be Nestorian and built in 600 AD, the church appears to have been abandoned peacefully in 750 AD and it forms a rare physical link to a legacy of Christianity which is thought to have spread across the peninsula from 50 to 350 AD following trade routes. Certainly, by the 5th century, Oman had a bishop named John – the last bishop of Oman being Etienne, in 676 AD. This led to a group of travelling to Medina, converting to Islam and subsequently driving a successful uprising against the unpopular Sassanids. Following the death of Prophet Muhammad, the new Islamic communities south of the Persian Gulf threatened to disintegrate, with insurrections against the Muslim leaders. The Caliph Abu Bakr sent an army from the capital Medina which completed its reconquest of the territory with the battle of Dibba in which 10,000 lives are thought to have been lost
The Indian High School, Dubai
The Indian High School is a private all-years school in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It was established in 1961 to provide education to the children of Indian expatriates, the school is recognized by the Ministry of Education, and is permanently affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education in Delhi. The Indian High School was founded in 1961 by Maghanmal Pancholia with a view to providing education to children of Indian expats and it was the first expatriate educational institution to be established in Dubai. The land for the school was granted by the the ruler of Dubai, initial enrollment was 8 students, it has grown to more than 12,000, including 370 students with special needs. Dr. Ashok Kumar is the current CEO of the school and he has been awarded the Sheikh Hamdan Award for Best Administrator and the Indian National Award by the President of India. The school has about 780 teachers and 200 other staff, the Junior School at Al Garhoud accommodates Pre-Primary classes. The school operates the Indian International School, the Oud Metha Metro Station on the Green Line is located near the main campus, and the GGICO Metro Station on the Red Line is located next to the Junior School campus.
The school has a fleet of buses to transport students, a government hospital and a church are located on the road opposite the main campus, while a private hospital is located behind the junior school. The Kindergarten Starters is next to the junior school, the schoolsown uniform seller, Globe Uniforms, is near the senior school. The centrepiece of the School complex is the Sheikh Rashid Auditorium, demolition of the Nehru Block began in 2016, it is to be replaced. The school has a number of libraries and laboratories for reference work, the school has a counseling center, and its own student-run radio station, Recess Radio. A journal on environmental issues called Eco feel A student-edited online arts magazine, the school has a Student Council Body elected by teachers and supervisors, which governs student activities. The student council is elected in sections, Sub Junior, Intermediate, there are four houses named after precious gems, Ruby and Topaz. The school has a Sports Club for weekend sports, and participates in the National School League, weekly matches occur during a set month every year.
There is a school picnic for each grade, to destinations within the UAE. The school offers the Duke of Edinburgh club, which takes members on trips, in addition there are educational tours to different countries for students in Grades 5–12. The various trips organised by the school were as follows,2012, Italy, USA, Australia,2013, US West Coast, US Space Camp, Turkey, China. 2014, Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, India,2015, United States of America, Germany
Burj Al Arab
The Burj al-Arab is a luxury hotel located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is the third tallest hotel in the world, Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship and it has a helipad near the roof at a height of 210 m above ground. The beachfront area where Burj Al Arab and Jumeirah Beach Hotel are located was previously called Chicago Beach, the hotel is located on an island of reclaimed land 280 meters offshore of the beach of the former Chicago Beach Hotel. The locales name had its origins in the Chicago Bridge & Iron Company which at one time welded giant floating oil storage tanks, the old name persisted after the old Hotel was demolished in 1997. Dubai Chicago Beach Hotel remained as the Public Project Name for the phase of Burj Al Arab Hotel until Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum announced the new name. Burj Al Arab was designed by multidisciplinary consultancy Atkins, led by architect Tom Wright, the design and construction were managed by Canadian engineer Rick Gregory of WS Atkins.
Construction of the Island began in 1994 and involved up to 2,000 construction workers during peak construction and it was built to resemble the billowing spinnaker sail of a J-class yacht. Two wings spread in a V to form a vast mast and it needed to be a building that would become synonymous with the name of the country. Fletcher Construction from New Zealand was the joint venture partner in the initial stages of pre-construction and construction. The hotel was built by South African construction contractor Murray & Roberts, the building opened in December 1999. Several features of the required complex engineering feats to achieve. The hotel rests on an artificial island constructed 280 m offshore, to secure a foundation, the builders drove 230 forty-meter-long concrete piles into the sand. Engineers created a layer of large rocks, which is circled with a concrete honeycomb pattern. It took three years to reclaim the land from the sea, while it took fewer than three years to construct the building itself, the building contains over 70,000 m3 of concrete and 9,000 tons of steel.
Inside the building, the atrium is 180 m tall, Burj Al Arab is the worlds third tallest hotel. The structure of the Rose Rayhaan, in Dubai, is 11 m taller than Burj Al Arab, the hotel is managed by the Jumeirah Group. Despite its size, Burj Al Arab holds only 28 double-story floors which accommodate 202 bedroom suites, the smallest suite occupies an area of 169 m2, the largest covers 780 m2
English College Dubai
This is an independent school located in the Jumeirah 3 residential area, adjacent to Sheikh Zayed Road, opposite the new Oasis Centre. The school currently has approximately 700 students in the secondary school, the primary school opened in 2004 to facilitate younger students, but closed at the end of the 2013-14 academic year due to a lack of funding. The school is led by Headteacher Ian Jones, who has been head since September 2014, first preference to prospective applicants for offers is to passport holders of the United Kingdom. The secondary school was opened in 1992, owing to a need to establish more quality secondary schools following the British curriculum in Dubai. The opening of the school was in 2004, widely noted in Dubai for its striking use of a mixture of colours on the building facade. Facilities for primary and secondary school are separated, the latest report by the independent Dubai Schools Inspection Bureau awarded the school that second-highest status of Good. The Knowledge and Human Development Authority is a quality assurance authority based in Dubai.
It undertakes early learning and higher learning institution management, a summary of the inspection ratings for English College, A summary of all the schools in Dubais ratings can be found at KHDA School Ratings. Each year, the fees are revised to reflect macroeconomic trends in inflation, each year, the English College participates in the annual Dubai Rugby Sevens, by providing the event with ball boys and ball girls. Students in all years are allowed and often encouraged to partake in this exciting event, in 2011, the first U18 Girls competition was introduced which The English College team won beating Dubai Exiles in a very exciting final
The Burj Khalifa, known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration, is a megatall skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It has a height of 828 m, and with its antenna included, it stands a total height of 829.8 m, making it the tallest building. Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed 5 years in 2009, the primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai and it is designed to be the centrepiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. The decision to build the building is based on the governments decision to diversify from an oil-based economy. The building was named in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Abu Dhabi, the building broke numerous height records, including its designation as the tallest tower in the world. Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith, of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, whose firm designed the Willis Tower, Hyder Consulting was chosen to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Limited chosen to supervise the architecture of the project.
The design is derived from the Islamic architecture of the region, the Y-shaped tripartite floor geometry is designed to optimize residential and hotel space. A buttressed central core and wings are used to support the height of the building, although this design was derived from Tower Palace III, the Burj Khalifa’s central core houses all vertical transportation with the exception of egress stairs within each of the wings. The structure features a system which is designed to withstand Dubais hot summer temperatures. It contains a total of 57 elevators and 8 escalators, critical reception to Burj Khalifa has been generally positive, and the building has received many awards. However, the issues during construction were controversial, since the building was built primarily by migrant workers from South Asia with several allegations of mistreatment. Poor working conditions are common, as the result of the lack of minimum wage laws in the United Arab Emirates, several instances of suicides have been reported, which is not uncommon for migrant construction workers in Dubai despite safety precautions in place.
Construction began on 6 January 2004, with the exterior of the completed on 1 October 2009. The building officially opened on 4 January 2010, and is part of the new 2 km2 development called Downtown Dubai at the First Interchange along Sheikh Zayed Road, near Dubais main business district. The towers architecture and engineering were performed by Skidmore and Merrill of Chicago, with Adrian Smith as chief architect, the primary contractor was Samsung C&T of South Korea. The towers construction was done by the division of Al Ghurair Investment group. The decision to build Burj Khalifa is reportedly based on the decision to diversify from an oil-based economy to one that is service
Arabic is a Central Semitic language that was first spoken in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. Arabic is the language of 1.7 billion Muslims. It is one of six languages of the United Nations. The modern written language is derived from the language of the Quran and it is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic, which is the language of 26 states. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the standards of Quranic Arabic. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-Quranic era, Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics. As a result, many European languages have borrowed many words from it. Many words of Arabic origin are found in ancient languages like Latin.
Balkan languages, including Greek, have acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has borrowed words from languages including Greek and Persian in medieval times. Arabic is a Central Semitic language, closely related to the Northwest Semitic languages, the Ancient South Arabian languages, the Semitic languages changed a great deal between Proto-Semitic and the establishment of the Central Semitic languages, particularly in grammar. Innovations of the Central Semitic languages—all maintained in Arabic—include, The conversion of the suffix-conjugated stative formation into a past tense, the conversion of the prefix-conjugated preterite-tense formation into a present tense. The elimination of other prefix-conjugated mood/aspect forms in favor of new moods formed by endings attached to the prefix-conjugation forms, the development of an internal passive. These features are evidence of descent from a hypothetical ancestor. In the southwest, various Central Semitic languages both belonging to and outside of the Ancient South Arabian family were spoken and it is believed that the ancestors of the Modern South Arabian languages were spoken in southern Arabia at this time.
To the north, in the oases of northern Hijaz and Taymanitic held some prestige as inscriptional languages, in Najd and parts of western Arabia, a language known to scholars as Thamudic C is attested
A souq or souk is a marketplace or commercial quarter in Western Asian and North African cities. Suq, and sometimes monti, is used for a marketplace in Malta. The equivalent Persian term is bazaar, the spelling souk entered European languages probably through French during the French occupation of the Arab countries Morocco and Tunisia in the 19th and 20th centuries. Thus, the word souk most likely refers to Arabic/North African traditional markets, in Modern Standard Arabic the term al-sooq refers to markets in both the physical sense and the abstract economic sense. As in markets generally, prices are set by bargaining between buyers and sellers. The term is used to designate the market in any Western Asian city. A souq was originally an open-air marketplace, souqs were held outside cities at locations where incoming caravans stopped and merchants displayed their goods for sale. Souqs were formed whenever a caravan or caravans arrived, since this might be infrequent, souqs often extended beyond buying and selling goods to include major festivals involving various cultural and social activities.
Any souq may serve a function as being a place for people to meet in, in addition to its commercial function. Later, due to the importance of marketplaces and the growth of cities, in tribal areas, neutrality from tribal conflicts was usually declared for the period of operation of a souk to permit the unhampered exchange of surplus goods. Souks A seasonal souq is held at a set time that might be yearly, monthly or weekly, the oldest souqs were set up annually, and were typically general festivals held outside cities. For example, Souq Ukadh was held yearly in pre-Islamic times in an area between Mecca and Ta’if during the month of Dhu al-Qidah. While a busy market, it was famous for its poetry competitions, judged by prominent poets such as Al-Khansa. An example of an Islamic annual souq is Al Mirbid just outside Basra, changes in political and social styles have left only the small seasonal souqs outside villages and small towns, primarily selling livestock and agricultural products. Weekly markets have continued to function throughout the Arab world, most of them are named from the day of the week on which they are held.
They usually have open spaces specifically designated for their use inside cities and these are more common but less famous as they focus on commercial activity, not entertainment. During the Umayyad era the governments started leasing, and selling, merchants built shops on their sites to store their goods at night. Finally, the area comprising a souq might be roofed over, with its long and narrow alleys, al-Madina Souq is the largest covered historic market in the world, with an approximate length of 13 kilometers
Dubai World Trade Centre
The Dubai World Trade Centre, was inaugurated in 1979. It is a complex for events and exhibitions. The building is featured on the 100 Dirham bank note, with over 1.3 million square feet of covered exhibition and event space, comprising 21 halls and over 40 meeting rooms across 3 floors, Dubai World Trade Centre hosts over 500 events annually. In 2015, the venue held 396 trade events and welcomed over 2.74 million visitors, built in 1979, the Sheikh Rashid Tower, as it was known back then, was amongst the earliest skyscrapers to be constructed in Dubai. Renamed after the late Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the 39-storey Sheikh Rashid Tower no longer alone as it did when it was first built. In addition, commercial building have added including the Convention Tower. Dubai World Trade Centre has grown and added several business divisions to its overall portfolio
Dubai Municipality is the municipal body with jurisdiction over city services and the upkeep of facilities in the Emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It comes under the Government of Dubai and it was established in 1954 by the Crown Prince of Dubai, Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum. In 2001, the municipality embarked on an e-government project to provide 40 of its city services online through its web portal, Dubai Municipality Official Website Dubai Municipality e-government Web Portal
Dubai Creek is a saltwater creek located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Previously it extended to Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary but as part of the new Dubai canal it extends through to the Persian Gulf, some sources say that the creek extended as far inland as Al Ain, and that the Ancient Greeks called it River Zara. Historically, the creek divided the city into two main sections – Deira and Bur Dubai and it was along the Bur Dubai creek area that members of the Bani Yas tribe first settled in the 19th century, establishing the Al Maktoum dynasty in the city. In the early 20th century, the creek, though incapable of supporting large scale transportation, served as a minor port for dhows coming as far away as India or East Africa. Although it impeded the entry of ships due to current flow, Dubais pearling industry, which formed the main sector of the citys economy, was based primarily on expeditions in the creek, prior to the invention of cultured pearls in the 1930s. Fishing, an important industry at the time, was based along the creek, whose warm.
Dhows used for purposes of fishing were built on the foreshore of the creek, the creek was first dredged in 1961 to permit 7-foot draft vessels to cross through the creek at all times. The creek was dredged again in the 1960s and 1970s so that it could offer anchorage for local and coastal shipping of up to about 500 tons, Al Maktoum Bridge, the first bridge connecting Bur Dubai and Deira was constructed in 1963. Including the most remarkable buildings alongside the Deira side of the Creek are the Deira Twin Towers, Dubai Creek Tower, Sheraton Dubai Creek, National Bank, and Chamber of Commerce. On the other side of Al Maktoum Bridge along Dubai Creek is Dubai Creek Park, the creek is home to the Dubai Creek Golf & Yacht Club, comprising an 18-hole tournament golf course, residential development and the Park Hyatt hotel. The creeks initial inlet into mainland Dubai is along the Deira Corniche and Al Ras areas of eastern Dubai and it progresses south-eastward through the mainland, passing through Port Saeed and Dubai Creek Park.
The creeks natural ending is at the Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary,14 kilometres from its origin at the Persian Gulf, the traditional form of transport between the eastern and western sections of Dubai via the creek was through abras, which continue to operate in Dubai. In addition, the eastern and western sections are linked via four bridges,484 million extension of the creek was finished, which now ends just south of the Metropolitan Hotel on Shaikh Zayed Road. A final 2. 2-kilometre extension, called the Dubai Water Canal was inaugurated 9 November 2016, crossing Shaikh Zayed Road in a route, passing through Safa Park. The channel is expected to continue through Jumeirah Beach Park where it reach the shores of the Persian Gulf. The extension is part of the Dubais Business Bay development, additionally, a new project consisting of seven islands known as The Lagoons was proposed to be built on Dubai Creek. The center piece of this project would be the Dubai Towers Dubai, three additional bridges are being planned for Dubai Creek, which are the Seventh Crossing, the Al Shindagha Bridge, and the Fifth Bridge.
Importance of Creek Bridges Dubai Traffic, Architecture & Creek Bridges Dubai Creek Tower The Tower at Dubai Creek Harbour