Richmond District, San Francisco
The Richmond District is a neighborhood in the northwest corner of San Francisco, developed in the late 19th century. It is sometimes confused with the city of Richmond, 20 miles northeast of San Francisco; the Richmond is in many ways defined by its relation to the parks. It is thus known as a safe, serene, family neighborhood, one of the city's largest as a whole, both in terms of housing stock and population; the Richmond has many influences from the Chinese-American culture. One of its three commercial strips, Clement Street in the inner Richmond segment is sometimes called the second Chinatown due to the high concentration of Chinese establishments; the other two commercial strips are Balboa Street. The Richmond has deep Irish and Russian roots and has many Catholic and Orthodox churches; the neighborhood was given its name by Australian immigrant and art dealer George Turner Marsh, one of the neighborhood's earliest residents, who called his home "the Richmond House" after Richmond, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia.
In 1917, the district was named "Park-Presidio District", chosen to avoid confusion between the district and the city of Richmond right across the bay. In spite of the official change every San Franciscan continued to use the old name. Still, the name Park-Presidio remained on the books until January 2009, when newly elected Supervisor Eric Mar introduced legislation that renamed the area north of Golden Gate Park and west of Arguello Boulevard the Richmond District; the Richmond District an expanse of rolling sand dunes, was developed in the late 19th century. Before this development, the Yelamu Tribe of the Ohlone Nation frequented the coastal sites of the current day district and had a village where the development would take place. In the 18th century, they were not able to use this land anymore after Spanish explorers arrived and began setting up missions with the intent of converting and displacing the Ohlone people. Adolph Sutro was one of the first large-scale developers of the area.
After purchasing the Cliff House in the early 1880s, he built the Sutro Baths on the western end, near Ocean Beach. After the 1906 earthquake, development increased with the need to provide replacement housing; the last of the sand dunes and coastal scrub that once dominated the area were built over to create a streetcar suburb. The Russian Revolution and subsequent civil war brought many Anti-Communist White Russian, Orthodox Russian refugees and immigrants into the neighborhood. Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia made its headquarters at Holy Virgin Cathedral on Geary Boulevard. In the 1950s, after the lifting of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1965, Chinese immigrants began to replace the ethnic Jewish and Irish-Americans who had dominated the district before World War II. Chinese of birth or descent now make up nearly the half of residents in the Richmond. Located directly north of Golden Gate Park, "the Richmond" is bounded by Fulton Street to the south, Arguello Boulevard and Laurel Heights to the east, The Presidio, Lincoln Park, Sea Cliff to the north, Ocean Beach to the west.
The western portion "Outer Richmond" and the eastern portion "Inner Richmond" is divided by a major thoroughfare, Park Presidio Boulevard. Geary Boulevard is a major east-west thoroughfare that runs to downtown. Technically, the Farallon Islands, about 30 miles to the west of mainland San Francisco, are part of the Richmond District; the Richmond has been popularly divided into four parts: Lake Street is just south of Presidio of San Francisco and north of Inner Richmond. It is an affluent area characterized by its many Victorian/Edwardian mansions, its boundaries are: the Presidio to the north, Arguello Blvd to the east, California St. to the south, 25th Ave. to the west. Its name is derived from its proximity to Mountain Lake, one of the few remaining natural lakes in San Francisco, Lake Street, the neighborhood's northernmost east-west artery. Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza ended his second northward expedition at the lake, stopping for two days in 1776. While here he located a site for the Spanish presidio, built.
A plaque was placed in September 1957 near the point. Inner Richmond sits south of Lake Street, its boundaries are: California St. to the north, Arguello Blvd to the east, Fulton St. to the south, Park Presidio Blvd. to the west. The hub of the Inner Richmond is Geary Blvd. and Clement St. which are known for Chinese, Korean and Russian cuisine. The Inner Richmond is a diverse area with a sizable Russian population. Central Richmond is between Outer Richmond, it is bounded by Park Presidio Blvd to the east, California St. to the north, Fulton St. to the south, 32nd Ave. to the west. Its hub is on Geary Blvd.. Outer Richmond is to the west of the Central Richmond, it is bounded by Clement St. to the north, 32nd Ave. to the east, Fulton St. to the south, Ocean Beach to the west. It borders the Ocean Beach and the Cliff House operating as a restaurant. Lincoln Manor is a small enclave of larger homes within the Outer Richmond, it includes a vibrant merchant c
Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury streets. It is called The Haight and The Upper Haight; the neighborhood is known for being the origin of the hippie counterculture. The district encompasses the neighborhood surrounding Haight Street, bounded by Stanyan Street and Golden Gate Park on the west, Oak Street and the Golden Gate Park Panhandle on the north, Baker Street and Buena Vista Park to the east and Frederick Street and Ashbury Heights and Cole Valley neighborhoods to the south; the street names commemorate two early San Francisco leaders: pioneer and exchange banker Henry Haight, Munroe Ashbury, a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors from 1864-70. Both Haight and his nephew, as well as Ashbury, had a hand in the planning of the neighborhood and, more nearby Golden Gate Park at its inception; the name "Upper Haight", used by locals, is in contrast to the Haight-Fillmore or Lower Haight district. The Haight-Ashbury district is noted for its role as a center of the 1960s hippie movement.
The earlier bohemians of the beat movement had congregated around San Francisco's North Beach neighborhood from the late 1950s. Many who could not find accommodation there turned to the quaint cheap and underpopulated Haight-Ashbury; the Summer of Love, the 1960s era as a whole, much of modern American counterculture have been synonymous with San Francisco and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood since. Before the completion of the Haight Street Cable Railroad in 1883, what is now the Haight-Ashbury was a collection of isolated farms and acres of sand dunes; the Haight cable car line, completed in 1883, connected the east end of Golden Gate Park with the geographically central Market Street line and the rest of downtown San Francisco. As the primary gateway to Golden Gate Park, with an amusement park known as the Chutes on Haight Street between Cole and Clayton Streets between 1895 and 1902 and the California League Baseball Grounds stadium opening in 1887, the area became a popular entertainment destination on weekends.
The cable car, land grading and building techniques of the 1890s and early 20th century reinvented the Haight-Ashbury as a residential upper middle class homeowners' district. It was one of the few neighborhoods spared from the fires that followed the catastrophic San Francisco earthquake of 1906; the Haight was hit hard by the Depression. Residents with enough money to spare left the declining and crowded neighborhood for greener pastures within the growing city limits, or newer, smaller suburban homes in the Bay Area. During the housing shortage of World War II, large single-family Victorians were divided into apartments to house workers. Others were converted into boarding homes for profit. By the 1950s, the Haight was a neighborhood in decline. Many buildings were left vacant after the war. Deferred maintenance took its toll, the exodus of middle class residents to newer suburbs continued to leave many units for rent. In the 1950s, a freeway was proposed that would have run through the Panhandle, but due to a citizen freeway revolt, it was cancelled in a series of battles that lasted until 1966.
The Haight Ashbury Neighborhood Council was formed at the time of the 1959 revolt. The Haight-Ashbury's elaborately detailed, 19th century, multi-story, wooden houses became a haven for hippies during the 1960s, due to the availability of cheap rooms and vacant properties for rent or sale in the district; the bohemian subculture that subsequently flourished there took root, to a great extent, has remained to this day. The mainstream media's coverage of hippie life in the Haight-Ashbury drew the attention of youth from all over America. Hunter S. Thompson labeled the district "Hashbury" in The New York Times Magazine, the activities in the area were reported daily; the Haight-Ashbury district was sought out by hippies to constitute a community based upon counterculture ideals and music. This neighborhood offered a concentrated gathering spot for hippies to create a social experiment that would soon spread throughout the nation; the first head shop and Jay Thelin's Psychedelic Shop, opened on Haight Street on January 3, 1966, offering hippies a spot to purchase marijuana and LSD, essential to hippie life in Haight-Ashbury.
Along with businesses like the coffee shop The Blue Unicorn, the Psychedelic Shop became one of the unofficial community centers for the growing numbers of freaks and hippies migrating to the neighborhood in 1966-67. The entire hippie community had easy access to drugs, perceived as a community unifier. Another well-known neighborhood presence was the Diggers, a local "community anarchist" group known for its street theater, formed in the mid to late 1960s; the Diggers believed in the good in human nature. To express their belief, they established a free store, gave out free meals daily, built a free medical clinic, the first of its kind, all of which relied on volunteers and donations; the Diggers were opposed to a capitalistic society. During the 1967 Summer of Love, psychedelic rock music was entering the mainstream, receiving more and more commercial radio airplay; the Scott McKenzie song "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowe
Chinatown, San Francisco
The Chinatown centered on Grant Avenue and Stockton Street in San Francisco, California, is the oldest Chinatown in North America and one of the largest Chinese enclave outside Asia. It is the largest of the four notable Chinatowns within the City. Since its establishment in 1848, it has been important and influential in the history and culture of ethnic Chinese immigrants in North America. Chinatown is an enclave that continues to retain its own customs, places of worship, social clubs, identity. There are two hospitals, several parks and squares, numerous churches, a post office, other infrastructure. While recent immigrants and the elderly choose to live here because of the availability of affordable housing and their familiarity with the culture, the place is a major tourist attraction, drawing more visitors annually than the Golden Gate Bridge. Chinatown is located in downtown San Francisco, covers 24 square blocks, overlaps five postal ZIP codes, it is within an area of 1⁄2 mi long by 1⁄4 mi wide with the current boundaries being Kearny Street in the east, Broadway in the north, Powell in the west, Bush Street in the south.
Within Chinatown there are two major north-south thoroughfares. One is Grant Avenue, with the Dragon Gate at the intersection of Bush Street and Grant Avenue, designed by landscape architects Melvin Lee and Joseph Yee and architect Clayton Lee; the other, Stockton Street, is frequented less by tourists, it presents an authentic Chinese look and feel reminiscent of Hong Kong, with its produce and fish markets and restaurants. It is dominated by mixed-use buildings that are three to four stories high, with shops on the ground floor and residential apartments upstairs. A major focal point in Chinatown is Portsmouth Square. Since it is one of the few open spaces in Chinatown and sits above a large underground parking lot, Portsmouth Square bustles with activity such as T'ai Chi and old men playing Chinese chess. A replica of the Goddess of Democracy used in the Tiananmen Square protest was built in 1999 by Thomas Marsh and stands in the square, it is made of bronze and weighs 600 lb. According to the San Francisco Planning Department, Chinatown is "the most densely populated urban area west of Manhattan", with 34,557 residents living in 20 square blocks.
In the 1970s, the population density in Chinatown was seven times the San Francisco average. During the time from 2009 to 2013, the median household income was $20,000 - compared to $76,000 citywide - with 29% of residents below the national poverty threshold; the median age was the oldest of any neighborhood. As of 2015, two thirds of the residents lived in one of Chinatown's 105 single room occupancy hotels, 96 of which had private owners and nine were owned by nonprofits. There are two public housing projects in Ping Yuen and North Ping Yuen. Most residents are monolingual speakers of Cantonese; the areas of Stockton and Washington Streets and Jackson and Kearny Streets in Chinatown are entirely Chinese or Asian, with blocks ranging from 93% to 100% Asian. Many of those Chinese immigrants who gain some wealth while living in Chinatown leave it for the Richmond District, the Sunset District or the suburbs. Working-class Hong Kong Chinese immigrants began arriving in large numbers in the 1960s.
Despite their status and professional qualifications in Hong Kong, many took low-paying employment in restaurants and garment factories in Chinatown because of limited English. An increase in Cantonese-speaking immigrants from Hong Kong and Mainland China has led to the replacement in Chinatown of the Taishanese dialect by the standard Cantonese dialect. Due to such overcrowding and poverty, other Chinese areas have been established within the city of San Francisco proper, including one in its Richmond and three more in its Sunset districts, as well as a established one in the Visitacion Valley neighborhood; these outer neighborhoods have been settled by Chinese from Southeast Asia. There are many suburban Chinese communities in the San Francisco Bay Area in Silicon Valley, such as Cupertino and Milpitas, where Taiwanese Americans are dominant. Despite these developments, many continue to commute in from these outer neighborhoods and cities to shop in Chinatown, causing gridlock on roads and delays in public transit on weekends.
To address this problem, the local public transit agency, Muni, is planning to extend the city's subway network to the neighborhood via the new Central Subway. Unlike in most Chinatowns in the United States, ethnic Chinese refugees from Vietnam have not established businesses in San Francisco's Chinatown district, due to high property values and rents. Instead, many Chinese-Vietnamese – as opposed to ethnic Vietnamese who tended to congregate in larger numbers in San Jose – have established a separate Vietnamese enclave on Larkin Street in the working-class Tenderloin district of San Francisco, where it is now known as the city's "Little Saigon" and not as a "Chinatown" per se. San Francisco's Chinatown was the port of entry for early Chinese immigrants from the west side of the Pearl River Delta, speaking Hoisanese and Zhongshanese, in the Guangdong province of southern China from t
Pacific Heights, San Francisco
Pacific Heights is a neighborhood of San Francisco, known for the notable people who reside in the area. It has panoramic views of the Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco Bay, the Palace of Fine Arts and the Presidio; the Pacific Heights Residents Association defines the neighborhood as stretching from Union Street to Bush Street in the north–south direction and from Van Ness Avenue to Presidio Avenue in the east-west direction. As of 2017, Google Maps delineates its north–south extension more narrowly as reaching from Green Street to California Street. In 2013, Pacific Heights was named the most expensive neighborhood in the United States; the article stated that if San Francisco's Pacific Heights had its own zip code, it would be the most expensive place to live in the United States. The 94115 zip code includes both Pacific Heights' "Gold Coast", an area famous for its billionaire residents and record-breaking prices, "The Western Addition", an area about 20 blocks away where real estate prices are lower.
In 2017, Curbed SF again announced the "occasionally chic, hardly affordable, always elite Pacific Heights" as San Francisco's most expensive neighborhood. A $40 million Pacific Heights mansion was listed as San Francisco's most expensive home. In the year, Business Insider gave a preview inside San Francisco's most exclusive neighborhood, where old money rubs elbows with tech billionaires. In 2018, Pacific Heights continued to garner accolades and was voted as one of the 15 most prestigious residential neighborhoods in the San Francisco Bay Area. Pacific Heights has been listed among the top 10 richest neighborhoods in San Francisco. Pacific Heights is situated on a east–west oriented ridge that rises from the Marina District and Cow Hollow neighborhoods to the north to a maximum height of 370 feet above sea level. Pacific Heights features two parks and Alta Plaza. Visible to the north are the Golden Gate Bridge, the Marin Headlands, Alcatraz Island. Visible to the south are the Sutro Tower. Lower Pacific Heights refers to the area located south of California Street down to Post Street.
While this area was considered part of the Western Addition, the new neighborhood designation became popularized by real estate agents in the early 1990s. The neighborhood was first developed with small Victorian-inspired homes built. Starting around the beginning of the 20th century, after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many were replaced with period homes. Still residential, the area is characterized by painted Victorian style architecture; the oldest building in Pacific Heights, located at 2475 Pacific Avenue, was built in 1853, though the majority of the neighborhood was built after the 1906 earthquake. The architecture of the neighborhood is varied. Several countries have consulates in Pacific Heights, they include Italy, Vietnam, South Korea, Germany. Most of the neighborhood's boutiques and restaurants can be found along Fillmore Street, south of Pacific Avenue, they include stores like Athleta, Marc by Marc Jacobs, Ralph Lauren. Other businesses in Pacific Heights are located on California and Divisadero Streets, as well as on Van Ness Avenue.
Pacific Heights is home including the San Francisco University High School. The celebrated Grant Elementary School was open on Pacific Ave from 1922 to 1972, its students included children of diplomats, the well to do, the adjacent Presidio military base. Current elementary schools include Hillwood Academic Day School, which opened in 1949; the San Francisco Police Department Northern Station serves Pacific Heights. Larry Ellison: cofounder and CEO of Oracle Corporation Jonathan Ive: chief designer at Apple Inc. Jay Paul: billionaire real estate developer Nancy Pelosi: Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Danielle Steel: author Peter Thiel: cofounder of PayPal List of hills in San Francisco phra-sf.org: Pacific Heights Residents Association The San Francisco Chronicle: Pacific Heights The San Francisco Chronicle: "The Perfect Pacific Heights Commute, the scenes from Pacific Heights to Lucas Film in the Presidio" Flickr group—Pacific Heights Neighborhood San Francisco/Golden Gate travel guide from Wikivoyage
Tenderloin, San Francisco
The Tenderloin is a neighborhood in downtown San Francisco, in the flatlands on the southern slope of Nob Hill, situated between the Union Square shopping district to the northeast and the Civic Center office district to the southwest. It encompasses about 50 square blocks, is a large wedge/triangle in shape, it is bounded on the north by Geary Street, on the east by Mason Street, on the south by Market Street and on the west by Van Ness Avenue. The northern boundary with Lower Nob Hill has been set at Geary Street; the terms "Tenderloin Heights" and "The Tendernob" refer to the area around the indefinite boundary between the Upper Tenderloin and Lower Nob Hill. The eastern extent, near Union Square, overlaps with the Theater District. Part of the western extent of the Tenderloin and Hyde Streets between Turk and O'Farrell, was named "Little Saigon" by the City of San Francisco; the Tenderloin took its name from an older neighborhood in New York with similar characteristics. There are several explanations of.
Some said it was a reference to the neighborhood as the "soft underbelly" of the city, with allusions to vice and corruption graft. Another popular explanation folklore, attributes the name to a New York City police captain, Alexander S. Williams, overheard saying that when he was assigned to another part of the city, he could only afford to eat chuck steak on the salary he was earning, but after he was transferred to this neighborhood he was making so much money on the side soliciting bribes that now he could eat tenderloin instead. Another version of that story says that the officers who worked in the Tenderloin received a "hazard pay" bonus for working in such a violent area, thus were able to afford the good cut of meat, yet another story likely apocryphal, is that the name is a reference to the "loins" of prostitutes. The Tenderloin borders the Mission/Market Street corridor, which follows the Spaniards' El Camino Real, which in turn traced an ancient north–south Indian trail; the Tenderloin is sheltered by Nob Hill, far enough from the bay to be on solid ground.
There is evidence. In the 1960s, the area was excavated to develop the BART/MUNI subway station at Civic Center; the Tenderloin has been a downtown residential community since shortly after the California Gold Rush in 1849. However, the name "Tenderloin" does not appear on any maps of San Francisco prior to the 1930s; the area had an active nightlife in the late 19th century with many theaters and hotels. Notorious madam Tessie Wall opened her first brothel on O'Farrell Street in 1898. All of the buildings in the neighborhood were destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and the backfires that were set by firefighters to contain the devastation; the area was rebuilt with some hotels opening by 1907 and apartment buildings shortly thereafter, including the historic Cadillac Hotel. By the 1920s, the neighborhood was notorious for its gambling, billiard halls, boxing gyms, "speakeasies", theaters and other nightlife depicted in the hard boiled detective fiction of Dashiell Hammett, who lived at 891 Post Street, the apartment he gave to Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon.
Around this time, due to Red Light Abatement Act and other vice began to be pushed out from the Barbary Coast district to the more southern and less business-occupied Tenderloin. In the mid-20th century the Tenderloin provided work for many musicians in the neighborhood's theaters, burlesque houses and clubs and was the location of the Musician's Union Building on Jones Street; the most famous jazz club was the Black Hawk at Hyde and Turk Streets where Dave Brubeck, Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Gerry Mulligan, other jazz greats recorded live albums for Fantasy Records in the late 1950s and early 1960s. With housing consisting entirely of single-room-occupancy hotel rooms and one bedroom apartments, the Tenderloin housed single adults and couples. After World War II, with the decline in central cities throughout the United States, the Tenderloin lost population, creating a large amount of vacant housing units by the mid-1970s. Beginning in the late 1970s, after the Vietnam War, the Tenderloin received large numbers of refugees from Southeast Asia—first ethnic Chinese from Vietnam Khmer from Cambodia and Hmong from Laos.
The low-cost vacant housing, the proximity to Chinatown through the Stockton Street Tunnel, made the area appealing to refugees and resettlement agencies. Studio apartments became home for families of four and five people and became what a local police officer called "vertical villages." The Tenderloin increased from having just a few children to having over 3,500 and this population has remained. A number of neighborhood Southeast Asian restaurants, bánh mì coffee shops, ethnic grocery stores, video shops, other stores opened at this time, which still exist; the Tenderloin has a long history as a center of alternate sexualities, including several historic confrontations with police. The legendary female impersonator Ray Bourbon, a performer during the Pansy Craze, was arrested in 1933 while his show "Boys Will Be Girls" was being broadcast live on the radio from Tait's Cafe at 44 Ellis Street. In the evening of August 13, 1961, 103 gay and lesbian patrons were raided in the Tay-Bush Inn, a café visited by gay and lesbian patrons.
As a response to police harassment, S. F. bar owners formed the San Francisco Tavern Guild. A study into prostitution in the Tenderloin found that
San Francisco Mint
The San Francisco Mint is a branch of the United States Mint and was opened in 1854 to serve the gold mines of the California Gold Rush. It outgrew its first building and moved into a new one in 1874; this building, the Old United States Mint known affectionately as The Granite Lady, is one of the few that survived the great 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It served until 1937. Within the first year of its operation, the San Francisco mint turned $4 million in gold bullion into coins; the second building, completed in 1874, was designed by Alfred B. Mullett in a conservative Greek Revival style with a sober Doric order; the building had a central pedimented portico flanked by projecting wings in an E-shape. The building sat on a concrete and granite foundation, designed to thwart tunneling into its vaults, which at the time of the 1906 fire held $300 million a third of the United States' gold reserves. Heroic efforts by Superintendent of the Mint, Frank A. Leach, his men preserved the building and the bullion that backed the nation's currency.
The mint resumed operation soon thereafter, continuing until 1937. In 1961 the Old Mint, as it had become known, was designated a National Historic Landmark, it became a California Historical Landmark in 1974. The given name of "The Granite Lady" is somewhat of a misnomer as most of the building is made from sandstone. While the base/basement of the building is made of granite, the entire external and upper stories are made of sandstone; the Granite Lady was a marketing term given in the 1970s. The Old Mint was open to visitors until 1993. In 2003 the federal government sold the structure to the City of San Francisco for one dollar—an 1879 silver dollar struck at the mint— for use as a historical museum to be called the San Francisco Museum at the Mint. In the fall of 2005, ground was broken for renovations that would turn the central court into a glass-enclosed galleria. In 2006 Congress created the San Francisco Old Mint Commemorative Coin, the first coin to honor a United States mint; the first phase of renovations were completed in 2011.
In 2014, the San Francisco Museum and Historical Society began raising money for the second phase, which would have included permanent exhibitions. In 2015, the City of San Francisco looked for a new tenant to renovate and program the space with Activate San Francisco Events being selected as an interim tenant; as the City's 2016 public re-opening event, continuing the tradition of a similar event from past years, on the first weekend in March, the Old Mint hosted a "San Francisco History Days" event with over sixty participating historic organizations. Until a new tenant is found, the Old Mint will continue to be used for special events, some open to the public. In April 2016, the California Historical Society agreed to undertake the restoration of the building and its preservation as a public space; the new Mint was opened in 1937. Beginning in 1955, circulating coinage from San Francisco was suspended for 13 years. In 1968, it took over most proof coinage production from the Philadelphia Mint, but continued striking a supplemental circulating coinage from 1968 through 1974.
From 1975 to 2012, the San Francisco Mint has been used only for proof coinage, with the exception of the Susan B. Anthony dollar from 1979–81 and a portion of the mintage of cents in the early 1980s; the dollars bear a mintmark of an "S", but the cents are otherwise indistinguishable from those minted at Philadelphia. In 2012, the San Francisco mint started to mint circulation strike quarters in the America the Beautiful quarter series, marked with an "S" mintmark and only issued for collectors. From 1962 to 1988, the San Francisco Mint was an assay office; the San Francisco Mint only admits visitors on rare exception. On May 15, 1987, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Mint, a limited number of people were allowed to tour the facility; this tour was advertised in the San Francisco Chronicle newspaper, with a phone number to call to reserve a spot. In 2006, the United States Mint released a gold five dollar commemorative coin which commemorates the 100th year after the old San Francisco mint survived an earthquake.
The mint played a part in the city's recovery after the earthquake, providing shelter for many as it was one of the few buildings left standing. The coin was minted as both a proof coin and an uncirculated coin, is no longer available directly from the United States Mint. On June 15, 2006 President George W. Bush signed Public Law 109-230, legislation authorizing the production of the 2006 San Francisco $5 commemorative gold coin as well as its $1 silver counterpart; the production of the $5 denomination was limited to a maximum mintage of 100,000 coins, but separate mintage figures for each of the proof and uncirculated coins have not yet been released. The $1 silver version was limited to only 500,000 coins, both in proof and uncirculated products, but distinct mintage figures for both products has not been stated; the obverse was sculpted by Joseph Menna. Features Coin Finishes: proof, uncirculated Maximum Mintage: 100,000 - The final mintages were 16,938 uncirculated, 47,275 proof. United States Mint Facility: San Francisco Public Law: 109-230 In 2006, t