Michigan J. Frog
Michigan J. Frog is an animated cartoon character from the Merrie Melodies film series. A one-shot character, his only appearance during the original run of the Merrie Melodies series was as the star of One Froggy Evening, written by Michael Maltese and directed by Chuck Jones. In this cartoon inspired by a 1944 Cary Grant film entitled Once Upon a Time, Michigan is a male frog who wears a top hat, carries a cane, sings pop music, Tin Pan Alley hits, other songs from the late 19th and early 20th century while dancing and performing acrobatics in the style of early 20th century vaudeville, he appeared in a cartoon titled Another Froggy Evening, released on October 6, 1995. He was a former mascot of The WB Television Network from that year until 2005, after The Night of Favorites and Farewells, he was shown as the final image of a white silhouette bowing down to viewers, bringing up The CW Television Network; the character may be loosely based on Ol' Rip the Horned Toad. The frog's earliest name was "Enrico," as given in The Bugs Bunny Show.
The character's enduring name comes from the song "The Michigan Rag", which he sings in the cartoon. In a clip from a DVD special, Jones stated that he had come up with the name "Michigan Frog" during the 1970s and was inspired to add the "J." as a middle initial while being interviewed by a writer named Jay Cocks. The Looney Tunes Golden Collection DVD credits Frog's original singing vocals to Bill Roberts, a nightclub entertainer in Los Angeles in the 1950s who had done voice work for the 1948 MGM cartoon Little'Tinker. In Another Froggy Evening, his voice was provided by Jeff McCarthy. Michigan J. Frog made a cameo appearance in the Wabbit episode "Misjudgement Day" voiced by Jeff Bergman, he appears at the end of the episode as the one who sent one of his futuristic robots to destroy Bugs Bunny. Michigan J. Frog made a brief cameo in the beginning of the 1988 Disney/Amblin film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Michigan J. Frog, again voiced by McCarthy, was the official mascot of The WB Television Network from its inception in 1995 until 2005.
The network's first night of programming on January 11, 1995 began with Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck wondering which one of them would pull the switch to launch The WB. The camera panned over to Chuck Jones drawing Michigan on an easel. Michigan would appear before the opening of shows, informing the viewer of the TV rating. Before the beginning of Savannah, for example, the frog would sing a short monologue suggesting that "here's more comedy for the family Wednesday nights" and that kids should go to bed, meaning that the show coming on would be for mature audiences only. In shows like Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, the announcer would present a TV-PG disclaimer, though the frog still appeared as a neon sign. On July 22, 2005, Michigan's "death" was announced by WB Chairman Garth Ancier at a fall season preview with the terse statement "The frog is dead and buried." The head of programming for The WB, David Janollari, stated that " was a symbol that perpetuated the young teen feel of the network.
That's not the image we want to put out to our audience."Various humorous obituaries for the mascot were published with details on Michigan's life and death. His dates were given as December 31, 1955 - July 22, 2005. Despite the announcement by Ancier, Michigan still appeared in several Kids' WB! promos and bumpers and in some WB affiliate logos and in TV spots, such as KWBF in Little Rock, during 2006, WBRL-CA in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. WMJF, a small student-run television station at Towson University just outside Baltimore, still uses the same call letters from when the station was a WB affiliate. A neon likeness of Michigan J. Frog adorns the facade of former WB affiliate WBNX-TV's studio complex in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio; when The WB ceased broadcasting and signed off the air for the final time on September 17, 2006, a white silhouette of Michigan appeared at the end of a montage of stars that appeared on the network during its 11-year history. When the montage ended with "Thank You", Michigan's silhouette is shown removing his top hat and bowing to thank the audience for 11 years, bringing The WB to a close, bringing The CW Network the following day, September 18, 2006.
"Hello! Ma Baby" "I'm Just Wild About Harry" "The Michigan Rag" "Come Back to Éireann" "Throw Him Down McCloskey" "Won’t You Come Over to My House?" "Largo al factotum" "Please Don't Talk About Me When I'm Gone" Bill Roberts: One Froggy Evening John Hillner: Tiny Toon Adventures Jeff McCarthy: Another Froggy Evening, The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries, From Hare to Eternity, bumpers on The WB and Kids' WB until 2006 Eric Goldberg: Looney Tunes: Back in Action Jeff Bergman: Wabbit Animaniacs Entombed animal Bugs Bunny Tiny Toon Adventures The WB Warner Bros. Animation Comics Buyer's Guide #1614 "Frog Croaks.
Bob Bergen is an American voice actor. He is the current voice of the Warner Bros. cartoon characters Porky Pig and Tweety Bird and hosted Jep!, a kids' version of the popular game show Jeopardy!. He is known for voicing characters in the English dubs of various anime. Bergen was born in Missouri. Bergen is best known for his work with the Warner Bros.' Looney Tunes franchise as the current voice of Porky Tweety. Bergen is responsible for the voice of Arsène Lupin III for the Streamline Pictures dubs in the late 1980s and early'90s: The Mystery of Mamo, The Castle of Cagliostro and Lupin III's Greatest Capers, he played the part of No-Face in the 2001 Academy Award-winning movie Spirited Away and Kai and Masaru in the Streamline-dubbed version of the anime classic Akira. He is responsible for the voice of Luke Skywalker in over a dozen Star Wars video games as well as the Robot Chicken episodes Episode I, II and III, the voice of Wembley and the World's Oldest Fraggle for the animated Fraggle Rock, was selected to play the animated versions of Dr. Bunsen Honeydew and Link Hogthrob in the ill-fated Little Muppet Monsters, voiced characters of the day in the 1987–89 seasons of Muppet Babies.
He appeared as himself in interview segments of the documentary, I Know That Voice. He voiced Wind-Up in Skylanders: Swap Force, Skylanders: Trap Team and Skylanders: SuperChargers. Bergen has appeared on the ABC game show To Tell the Truth. Bunnicula – Woody Jim Henson's Little Muppet Monsters — Link Hogthrob, Dr. Bunsen Honeydew Looney Tunes Cartoons - Porky Pig New Looney Tunes — Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Gabby Goat Sabrina: The Animated Series — Tim the Witch Smeller, Elton the Aardvark Tiny Toon Adventures — Porky Pig, Tweety Bird Crimson Wolf — Kai Megazone 23 — Shogo Yahagi The Secret of Blue Water — Dr. Ayerton Tales of the Wolf — Arsène Lupin III/The Wolf Teknoman — Blade/Teknoman Spirited Away — Aogaeru Atlantis: The Lost Empire — Additional Voices Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs — Additional Voices Despicable Me 3 — Additional Voices Finding Nemo — Additional Voices Happily N'Ever After — Additional Voices Horton Hears a Who! — Finwick Ice Age: The Meltdown — Male Start Inside Out — Additional Voices Monsters, Inc.
— Additional Voices Monsters University — Additional Voices Minions — Additional Voices Ponyo — Father Shrek 2 — Additional Voices Spirited Away — Additional Voices Tangled — Additional Voices The Hunchback of Notre Dame — Additional Voices The Lorax — Additional Voices Up — Additional Voices Wreck-It Ralph — Additional Voices A Letter to Momo — Mame Help! I'm a Fish — Joe's Minions Foodfight! — Additional Voices Kronk's New Groove — Bucky the Squirrel Lily C. A. T. — Hiro Takagi Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro — Lupin III/The Wolf Lupin III: The Mystery of Mamo — Lupin III Army of Darkness — Various Creature voices Dunston Checks In — Dunston's vocal effects Fright Night Part 2 — Various Vampire and Creature vocal effects Ghoulies III: Ghoulies Go to College — Rat Ghoulie Gremlins — Various Gremlins voices I Know That Voice — Himself Jep! — Host Look Who's Talking Now — Additional Dogs and Wolves voices Total Recall — Additional voices The Santa Clause 2 — Comet the Reindeer The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause — Comet the Reindeer Boom Blox — Additional Voices Disney Universe — HEX Disney Sports Soccer — Sports Announcer Disney Sports Basketball — Sports Announcer Disney Sports Football — Sports Announcer Disney Sports Skateboarding — Sports Announcer Escape From Monkey Island — Whipp the Lucre Lawyer Infamous First Light — Additional Voices Looney Tunes: Cartoon Conductor – Porky Pig, Tweety Bird Looney Tunes Racing — Porky Pig Looney Tunes: Acme Arsenal — Porky Pig, Evil Porky Looney Tunes: Back In Action — Porky Pig, Tweety Bird Looney Tunes: Space Race — Porky Pig Scooby Doo and Looney Tunes: Cartoon Universe — Porky Pig, Tweety Bird Sheep Raider — Porky Pig Skylanders: SuperChargers — Wind-Up Skylanders: Swap Force — Wind-Up Skylanders: Trap Team — Wind-Up Star Wars: Battlefront II — Luke Skywalker Star Wars: Episode I: Racer — Clegg Holdfast, Jinn Resso, Wan Sandago, Cy Yanga, Gasgano Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace — Alien Pedestrian, Coruscant Thug #3, EV-7G, Gungan Citizen #2 Star Wars: Force Commander — Coruscant Palace Guard, Luke Skywalker Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds — Luke Skywalker, Reytha Soldier Star Wars: Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy — Luke Skywalker, Saboteur 2 Star Wars Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast — Luke Skywalker Star Wars: Masters of Teräs Käsi — Luke Skywalker Star Wars: Racer Revenge — Ody Mandrell, Gasgano Star Wars: Rebellion — Luke Skywalker Star Wars: Rogue Squadron — Luke Skywalker Star Wars Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader — Luke Skywalker Star Wars Rogue Squadron III: Rebel Strike — Luke Skywalker Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire — Luke Skywalker Star Wars: The Old Republic — Additional Voices Star Wars: X-Wing Alliance — Luke Skywalker, Civilian Officer Star Wars: X-Wing vs. TIE Fighter — Rebel Pilot #5 The Junkyard Run — Porky Pig Carrotblanca — Tweety Bird My Generation G...
G... Gap — Additional voices Official website Bob Bergen at Voice Chasers Bob Bergen on IMDb Toon Zone News interview with Bob Bergen Bob Bergen interviewed on the TV show Triangulation on the TWiT.tv network
Star Trek is an American space opera media franchise based on the science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry. The first television series called Star Trek and now referred to as "The Original Series", debuted in 1966 and aired for three seasons on NBC, it followed the interstellar adventures of Captain James T. Kirk and his crew aboard the starship USS Enterprise, a space exploration vessel built by the United Federation of Planets in the 23rd century; the Star Trek canon includes The Original Series, an animated series, five spin-off television series, the film franchise, further adaptations in several media. In creating Star Trek, Roddenberry was inspired by the Horatio Hornblower novels, the satirical book Gulliver's Travels, Westerns such as the television series Wagon Train; these adventures continued in the 22-episode Star Trek: The Animated Series and six feature films. Five other television series were produced: Star Trek: The Next Generation follows the crew of a new starship Enterprise, set a century after the original series.
The most recent Star Trek TV series, entitled Star Trek: Discovery, aired on the digital platform CBS All Access. The adventures of The Next Generation crew continued in four additional feature films. In 2009, the film franchise underwent a "reboot" set in an alternate timeline, or "Kelvin Timeline," entitled Star Trek; this film featured a new cast portraying younger versions of the crew from the original show. Its sequel, Star Trek Beyond, was released to coincide with the franchise's 50th anniversary. Star Trek has been a cult phenomenon for decades. Fans of the franchise are called Trekkers; the franchise spans a wide range of spin-offs including games, novels and comics. Star Trek had a themed attraction in Las Vegas that opened in 1998 and closed in September 2008. At least two museum exhibits of props travel the world; the series has Klingon. Several parodies have been made of Star Trek. In addition, viewers have produced several fan productions; as of July 2016, the franchise had generated $10 billion in revenue, making Star Trek one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.
Star Trek is noted for its cultural influence beyond works of science fiction. The franchise is noted for its progressive civil rights stances; the Original Series included. Star Trek references may be found throughout popular culture from movies such as the submarine thriller Crimson Tide to the animated series South Park; as early as 1964, Gene Roddenberry drafted a proposal for the science-fiction series that would become Star Trek. Although he publicly marketed it as a Western in outer space—a so-called "Wagon Train to the Stars"—he told friends that he was modeling it on Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, intending each episode to act on two levels: as a suspenseful adventure story and as a morality tale. Most Star Trek stories depict the adventures of humans and aliens who serve in Starfleet, the space-borne humanitarian and peacekeeping armada of the United Federation of Planets; the protagonists have altruistic values, must apply these ideals to difficult dilemmas. Many of the conflicts and political dimensions of Star Trek represent allegories of contemporary cultural realities.
Star Trek: The Original Series addressed issues of the 1960s, just as spin-offs have reflected issues of their respective decades. Issues depicted in the various series include war and peace, the value of personal loyalty, imperialism, class warfare, racism, human rights, sexism and the role of technology. Roddenberry stated: " a new world with new rules, I could make statements about sex, Vietnam and intercontinental missiles. Indeed, we did make them on Star Trek: we were sending messages and they all got by the network." "If you talked about purple people on a far off planet, they never caught on. They were more concerned about cleavage, they would send a censor down to the set to measure a woman's cleavage to make sure too much of her breast wasn't showing"Roddenberry intended the show to have a progressive political agenda reflective of the emerging counter-culture of the youth movement, though he was not forthcoming to the networks about this. He wanted Star Trek to show what humanity might develop into, if it would learn from the lessons of the past, most by ending violence.
An extreme example is the alien species, the Vulcans, who had a violent past but learned to control their emotions. Roddenberry gave Star Trek an anti-war message and depicted the United Federation of Planets as an ideal, optimistic version of the United Nations, his efforts were opposed by the network because of concerns over marketability, e.g. they opposed Roddenberry's insistence that Enterprise have a racially diverse crew. The central trio of Kirk, McCoy from Star Trek: The Original Series was modeled on classical mythological storytelling. There is a mythological component with science fiction. It's people looking for answers – and science fiction offers to explain the inexplicable, the same as religion tends to do... If we accept the premise that it has a mythological element all the stuff about going out into space and meeting new life – trying to explain it and put a human element to it – it's a hopeful visio
Wayne Michael Coyne is an American musician. He is the lead singer, occasional backing vocalist, theremin player and songwriter for the band the Flaming Lips. Coyne was born in Pittsburgh, United States, the son of Thomas Coyne and Dolores "Dolly" Jackson; the fifth of six children, Coyne moved with his family from Pittsburgh's Troy Hill neighborhood to Oklahoma in early 1961. Coyne grew up in Oklahoma City. Coyne preferred playing pickup football. He, his sister, his brothers dubbed themselves "The Fearless Freaks" for their brutal backyard football games. Tommy Coyne, Coyne's older brother, described the games as a "semi-civilized gang fight."In 1977, while in high school, Coyne began working as a fry cook for a Long John Silver's restaurant in Oklahoma City. During his second year of employment, there was a rash of robberies in Oklahoma City; the restaurant was robbed and Coyne and other employees were held at gunpoint and forced to lie on the ground. Coyne was certain; the assistant manager couldn't open the restaurant's safe and the robbers fled the scene.
Coyne believes "this is how you die...one minute you're just cooking up someone's order of french fries and the next minute you're laying on the floor and they blow your brains out. There's no music, there's no significance, it's just random." Coyne continued working at Long John Silver's until 1990. Coyne formed the Flaming Lips in 1983 with brother Mark singing lead and Michael Ivins on bass guitar, Richard English on drums. Mark left the band and Wayne assumed vocal duties. Wayne and Michael have been the only two constant members of the band since its founding. During large-crowd festival performances, Coyne makes his entrance by descending from an alien mother ship in a bubble and floats across the audience. Coyne has been known to pour fake blood down his face via a hidden tube during live shows. Coyne does this to pay homage to a famous picture of Miles Davis who, after a performance, had blood on his suit because a police officer had beaten him during the show. Flaming Lips concerts feature confetti cannons, laser pointers, images projected on to a screen, dozens of large balloons, a stage filled with dancers dressed as aliens, the gloves etc.
Before performing, Coyne can be seen helping the stage crew. Their performances have been likened to psychedelic experiences rather than music shows, a tradition that goes back to the band's formation. In 1996 and 1997, Coyne developed "The Parking Lot Experiments," where forty different tapes were distributed; the band instructed forty cars to start the tapes at the same time. Over 1,000 people gathered in a parking lot for this experiment; the parking lot experiments led to the experimental album Zaireeka, made up of four stereo tracks, each on four different CDs. The four CDs are meant to be played in order to hear the complete tracks. Coyne believes Zaireeka embraces "...a kind of anarchy in art. It was like an art happening – you have to bring four sound systems together. Sometimes you get great synchronicity. You get to hear music in a whole new way."At the New Year's Eve Freakout in Oklahoma City on January 1, 2010, Coyne instructed the audience to set their cell phone alarms for 12:55 a.m.
When the alarms went off, the alarm sounds were drowned out by cheering. Coyne remarked that "someone has a loud fucking iPhone." In October 2010, Coyne created. The poster commemorated The Flaming Lips' appearance at the Austin City Limits Music Festival, it has a picture of a skull drawn in a Wes Wilson style. Coyne printed it using his blood collected in a vial; the print will soon go on auction. The frontman stated, "We thought it would be silly to use chicken blood or something, they don't need to sacrifice their vital fluids any more than I need to" Livemusic.fm In February 2017, Coyne debuted an art exhibit at the Waterloo Center for the Arts in Waterloo, Iowa called "Works by Wayne Coyne". The exhibit featured a 14-minute light attraction you can enter and enjoy. Coyne began making his science fiction film, Christmas on Mars, in 2001, it was a low budget project and principal photography was shot on a set in his backyard. The different parts of the spaceship set were built by Coyne; the film tells the story of the first Christmas on a colonized Mars.
In the film, Coyne plays a super-being, curious about a baby being born on Mars. Christmas on Mars was shown for the first time at the Sasquatch! Music Festival in a circus tent; the Flaming Lips took the tent on tour. "The concept was to come up with another one of those midnight movies, like The Rocky Horror Picture Show that I went to see as a teenager, all toked up, before the days of cable." Bradley Beesley directed a 2005 film about Coyne and the Flaming Lips, The Fearless Freaks, which features much footage of Coyne's early life, as well as his narration about his experiences in the band. In 2003, Coyne provided vocals on "The Golden Path" by The Chemical Brothers; this track was released on the Singles 93-03 album. In 2005, Coyne recorded "Marching the Hate Machines" with the electronic-duo Thievery Corporation on their album The Cosmic Game. On May 24, 2006, a video of Coyne was shown at the graduation ceremony at his old high school, the Classen School of Advanced Studies in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
In the video he spoke of not being a high school graduate, working at Long John Silver's, selling marijuana out of his apartment
Rocky and Mugsy
Rocky and Mugsy are animated cartoon characters in the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons, they were created by Friz Freleng. As an animator, Friz Freleng enjoyed creating new adversaries for Warners' star Bugs Bunny, since he felt that Bugs' other nemeses, such as Beaky Buzzard and Elmer Fudd, were too stupid to give the rabbit any real challenge. Considered revolutionary for all of the late 1940s though he might have been, Freleng's own Yosemite Sam had not yet been proven capable of fulfilling his creator's intentions. Freleng introduced two of these more formidable opponents as a pair of gangsters in the 1946 film Racketeer Rabbit. In the film, Bugs decides to find himself a new home, but the one he chooses is occupied by a duo of bank robbers; the characters here are called "Rocky" and "Hugo". Both gangsters are performed by Mel Blanc. Freleng liked the Mobster idea, he used the concept again in the 1950 short Golden Yeggs; this time it's Porky Pig and Daffy Duck who run afoul of the Mob, only this time Rocky has not only one sidekick, but an entire gang.
Freleng redesigned Rocky for this short, making him a more generalized caricature of the "tough guy" gangster rather than Robinson in particular. Freleng used several of the same techniques that would make Sam, his other Bugs villain, such a humorous character: Despite Rocky's tough-guy demeanor, everlasting cigar and foppish gangster dress, he is little more than a dwarf in a much-too-large hat. In 1953's Catty Cornered, Freleng set the Mob against another of his comic duos, Sylvester the Cat and Tweety Bird. Gang leader Rocky, this time aided and abetted by a hulking simpleton named "Nick", kidnaps Tweety Bird, when Sylvester's bumbling predations accidentally free the bird, the poor puss is hailed as a hero; the duo reappear in 1954's Bugs and Thugs, this time in the form Freleng would keep them for the rest of their run. Rocky is aided by a new thug, "Mugsy". Although his body type is similar to that of Nick's, he has less hair and is less intelligent. Before the Warner studio closed for good in January 1965, Rocky and Mugsy would appear in two more Freleng cartoons: Bugsy and Mugsy and The Unmentionables.
Mugsy appears without his boss in a cameo as one of Napoleon Bonaparte's guards in the 1956 Freleng short Napoleon Bunny-Part and appeared as a bank robber in Satan's Waitin'. Rocky and Mugsy have appeared in various Looney Tunes-related merchandise, they are semi-regular characters in Looney Tunes comic books, for example. They play the villains in the 2002 Xbox video game Loons: The Fight for Fame, a vs. fighting game in which the no-good gangsters attempt to run a film studio into the ground so they can buy up the stock for next to nothing. In Bugs Bunny Lost in Time the pair are bosses of the 1930s era, they appeared in episodes of The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries and Duck Dodgers, as well as made cameo appearances in the movie Space Jam. In the movie they are spotted wearing rabbit's ears and are shown shocked and terrified when Bugs gets crushed by a Monstar named Pound, meant to crush Lola when he and the other Monstars are violating in the game which they should lose. Both appeared as kids in an episode of Tiny Toon Adventures.
In Loonatics Unleashed and Bugsy were brief descendants of Rocky and Mugsy who adopted Pinkster Pig. Rocky and Mugsy made cameos in The Looney Tunes Show. In "It's a Handbag," Rocky and Mugsy's pictures were seen in the police's notebook, they were seen in the Merry Melodies segment "Stick to My Guns" sung by Yosemite Sam in the episode "Mrs. Porkbunny's" where Yosemite Sam mentions how he declared his vendetta on the mafia where Yosemite Sam threw a garbage can into their house. Around the end of the song and Mugsy joined in on the final verse of the song with Nasty Canasta, an angry bride, a female cannibal, a grizzly bear, Toro the Bull. Racketeer Rabbit - Features a prototype of Rocky. Golden Yeggs - Rocky's first cartoon, only cartoon paired with Daffy Duck & Porky Pig. Catty Cornered - Only pairing with Sylvester & Tweety. Bugs and Thugs - Mugsy's first cartoon. Napoleon Bunny-Part - Mugsy cameos only as a guard. Bugsy and Mugsy The Unmentionables - Final appearance of Rocky and Mugsy. Rocky and Mugsy are parodied in the South Park episode, "Crippled Summer", in which Nathan is continually trying to arrange fatal accidents for Jimmy Valmer, but his plans are always ruined by Mimsy's stupidity.
Various other campers are parodies of other Looney Tunes characters. Nathan and Mimsy return in the episode "Handicar". A poster depicting Rocky and Mugsy can be seen on the wall of Nathan's room
The Borg are a fictional alien group that appear as recurring antagonists in the Star Trek franchise. The Borg are cybernetic organisms, linked in a hive mind called "the Collective"; the Borg co-opt the technology and knowledge of other alien species to the Collective through the process of "assimilation": forcibly transforming individual beings into "drones" by injecting nanoprobes into their bodies and surgically augmenting them with cybernetic components. The Borg's ultimate goal is "achieving perfection". Aside from being recurring antagonists in the Next Generation television series, they are depicted as the main threat in the film Star Trek: First Contact. In addition, they played major roles in the Voyager series and serve as the way home to the Alpha Quadrant for the isolated Federation starship USS Voyager; the first encounter between humans and the Borg is depicted in the 2nd season of the series Enterprise in the episode "Regeneration" in which the phrase "you will be assimilated.
The Borg have become a symbol in popular culture for any juggernaut against which "resistance is futile". The Borg are cyborgs, having outward appearances showing both biological body parts. Individual Borg are referred to as drones and move in a robotic, purposeful style ignoring most of their environment, including beings they do not consider an immediate threat. Borg have one eye replaced with a sophisticated ocular implant. Borg have one arm replaced with a prosthesis, bearing one of a variety of multipurpose tools in place of a humanoid hand. Since different drones have different roles, the arm may be specialized for myriad purposes such as medical devices and weapons. Borg have flat, white skin, giving them an zombie-like appearance; some Borg have been shown to be far stronger than humans. Typical Borg have never been seen to run, instead moving in a deliberate fashion, never retreating. Borg are resistant to energy-based weapons, having personal shielding which adapts to it. In various episodes and other energy weapons tend to become ineffective as the Borg are able to adapt to specific frequencies once a ship or an individual drone is struck down.
Attempts to modulate phaser and other weapon frequencies have had limited success. Borg shields have, proven to be ineffective protection against projectile or melee weapons, but this could prove problematic, given the fact of space travel puncturing the hull with an errant shot. Borg possess a "cortical node" which controls other implanted cybernetic devices within a Borg's body, is most implanted in the forehead above the retained organic eye. If the cortical node fails, the Borg dies. Successful replacement of the node can be carried out on a Borg vessel. Borg civilization is based on a group mind known as the Collective; each Borg drone is linked to the collective by a sophisticated subspace network that ensures each member is given constant supervision and guidance. The mental energy of the group consciousness can help an injured or damaged drone heal or regenerate damaged body parts or technology; the collective consciousness not only gives them the ability to "share the same thoughts", but to adapt with great speed to tactics used against them.
Drones in the Collective are never seen speaking, but a collective "voice" is sometimes transmitted to ships. Individual Borg speak, though they do send a collective audio message to their targets, stating that "resistance is futile" followed by a declaration that the target in question will be assimilated and its "biological and technological distinctiveness" will be added to their own; the exact phrasing evolves over the various series episodes and film. The complete phrase used in Star Trek: First Contact is: Nanoprobes are microscopic machines that inhabit a Borg's body and many cybernetic implants; the probes perform the function of maintaining the Borg cybernetic systems, as well as repairing damage to the organic parts of a Borg. They generate new technology inside a Borg when needed, as well as protecting them from many forms of disease. Borg nanoprobes, each about the size of a human red blood cell, travel through the victim's bloodstream and latch on to individual cells; the nanoprobes rewrite the cellular DNA, altering the victim's biochemistry, form larger, more complicated structures and networks within the body such as electrical pathways and data-storage nodes, prosthetic devices that spring forth from the skin.
In "Mortal Coil", Seven of Nine states that the Borg assimilated the nanoprobe technology from "Species 149". In addition, the nanoprobes work to maintain and repair their host's mechanical and biological components on a microscopic level, allowing regenerative capabilities. Though used by the Borg to exert control over another being, reprogrammed nanoprobes were used by the crew of the starship Voyager in many instances as medical aids; the capability of nanoprobes to absorb improved technologies they find into the Borg collective is shown in the Voyager episode "Drone", where Seven of Nine's nanoprobes are fused with the Doctor's mobile emitter which uses technology from the 29th century, creating a 29th-century drone existing outside the Collective, with capabilities far surpassing that of the 24th-century drones. The Borg do not try to assimilate any being with which they come to contact. Captain Picard and his team walk safely past a group of
Predator (fictional species)
The Predator is a fictional extraterrestrial species featured in the Predator science-fiction franchise, characterized by its trophy hunting of other species for sport. First introduced in 1987 as the main antagonist of the film Predator, the Predator creatures returned in the sequels Predator 2, Predators and The Predator, as well as the crossover films Alien vs. Predator and Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem; the Predator has been the subject of numerous novels, video games and comic books, both on their own and as part of the Alien vs. Predator crossover imprint. Although a definitive name for the species is not given in the films, the names Predators, Hish-qu-Ten have been alternatively used in the expanded universe, suggesting that two unique "Predator-species" exist. Created by brothers Jim and John Thomas, the Predators are depicted as large and sentient humanoid creatures who possess advanced technology, such as active camouflage, directed-energy weapons, interstellar travel. Both the Yautja and the Hish-Qu-Ten compete for a chance to enter the ritual of becoming "Blooded", a rank given to predators that have killed prey, deemed worthy.
The Predator design is credited to special effects artist Stan Winston. While flying to Japan with Aliens director James Cameron, hired to design the Predator, was doing concept art on the flight. Cameron saw what he was drawing and said, "I always wanted to see something with mandibles." Winston included them in his designs. Stan Winston's studio created all of the physical effects for Predator and Predator 2, creating the body suit for actor Kevin Peter Hall and the mechanical facial effects; the studio was hired. Arnold Schwarzenegger recommended Winston after his experience working on The Terminator; the Predator was designed with a long neck, a dog-like head and a single eye. This design was abandoned when it became apparent that the jungle locations would make shooting the complex design too difficult; the studio contracted the makeup effects for the alien from Richard Edlund's Boss Film Creature Shop. However, problems filming the alien in Mexico led the makeup effects responsibilities to be given to Stan Winston.
According to former Boss Films make-up supervisor Steve Johnson, the makeup failed because of an impractical design by McTiernan that included 12-inch leg extensions that gave the Predator a backward bent satyr-leg. The design did not work in the jungle locations. After six weeks of shooting in the jungles of Palenque, the production had to shut down so that Winston could make a new Predator; this took eight months and filming resumed for five weeks, ending in February 1987. Jean-Claude Van Damme was cast as the Predator; when compared to Schwarzenegger, Carl Weathers, Jesse Ventura, actors known for their bodybuilding regimens, it became apparent that a more physically imposing man was needed to make the creature appear threatening. Van Damme was removed from the film and replaced by actor and mime artist Kevin Peter Hall. Hall, standing at an imposing height of 7 feet 2 inches, had just finished work as a sasquatch in Harry and the Hendersons. Hall played the Predator in the second movies, he was trained in the art of mime and used many tribal dance moves in his performance, such as during the fight between Arnold Schwarzenegger and the Predator at the end of the first movie.
In Predator 2, according to a "making of" featurette, Danny Glover suggested the Los Angeles Lakers to be the other Predators because Glover himself was a big fan. Hall persuaded some of the Lakers to play background Predators because they couldn't find anyone on short notice. Hall died not long. In Alien vs. Predator, Welsh actor Ian Whyte, standing at 7 feet 1 inch and a fan of the Predator comics and movies, took over as the man in the Predator suits, such as portraying the "Celtic" Predator during its fight with an Alien warrior. Whyte returned to portray the "Wolf" Predator in Predator: Requiem. In Predators, actors Brian Steele and Carey Jones both portrayed a new breed of Predator known as the "Black Super Predators," who have been dropping humans on their planet for many years to play a survival game against them. In a nod to the first film, Derek Mears played the Predator as the creature appeared in the original, dubbed the "Classic Predator."In The Predator stuntman and parkour athlete Brian A. Prince, standing 6’10”, portrays the title character, as a "standard" Predator that escapes to earth after stealing a weapon called "Predator Killer", and, being hunted down by a far larger genetically enhanced predator.
The enhanced Predator is CGI, however 6’9” Canadian actor Kyle Strauts and Brian Prince served as stand-in for the character on set. The Predator's blood was made from a combination of the liquid from glow sticks mixed with K-Y Jelly; the mixture loses its glow so new batches had to be made between takes. The technique was used in all five films featuring the Predator; the camouflage effect was designed under the direction of Joel Hynek. The idea for the effect came in a dream one of the Thomas brothers had, in which there was a chrome man, inside a reflective sphere; the man blended in camouflaged, reflecting from all directions and only visible when in motion. The effect was created by repeating an image in a pattern of ripples in the shape of