Duke Wu of Jin

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Duke Wu of Jin
晉武公
Ruler of the State of Jin
Reign678–677 BC
PredecessorMarquis Min of Jin
SuccessorDuke Xian of Jin
Ruler of the State of Quwo
Reign716–679 BC
PredecessorZhuang Bo of Quwo
SuccessorMerged into Jin
Died677 BC
FatherZhuang Bo of Quwo

Duke Wu of Jin (simplified Chinese: 晋武公; traditional Chinese: 晉武公; pinyin: Jìn Wǔ Gōng, died 677 BC), ancestral name Ji (姬), given name Cheng (稱) and also known as Duke Wu of Quwo (Chinese: 曲沃武公; pinyin: Qūwò Wǔ Gōng), was the eighteenth ruler of the state of Jin. He was also the last ruler of the state of Quwo before he gained the title as the duke of Jin.

Reign of Quwo[edit]

In 716 BC, Zhuang Bo of Quwo died and his son Cheng ascended the throne of Quwo.

In 710 BC, the eighth year of the reign of Marquis Ai of Jin, Marquis Ai of Jin invades a small state south of Jin called Xingting (陘廷). Xingting then made an alliance with Duke Wu of Quwo. In the spring of 709 BC, they attacked Yi (翼), the capital of Jin. Then, he stayed in Xingting for a while. Then, he ordered his half uncle, Han Wan, to ride a chariot with Liang Hong (梁弘) by his right and chase Marquis Ai of Jin who escaped from Yi, they chased him around the bank of the Fen River (汾水) and at that night, they managed to capture Marquis Ai of Jin. The Jin people asked the son of Marquis Ai of Jin, to become the next ruler of Jin and he became Marquis Xiaozi of Jin. In 709 BC, the first year of the reign of Marquis Xiaozi of Jin, Duke Wu of Quwo ordered Han Wan to kill Marquis Ai of Jin.

According to the Records of the Grand Historian, in 706 BC, the fourth year of the reign of Marquis Xiaozi of Jin, Duke Wu of Quwo killed Marquis Xiaozi of Jin. King Huan of Zhou sent Guo Zhong (虢仲) to attack Duke Wu of Quwo so he went back to Quwo. Meanwhile, King Huan of Zhou put the uncle of Marquis Xiaozi of Jin, into the throne of Jin and he became Marquis Min of Jin.

According to the Zuo Zhuan, Duke Wu of Quwo killed Marquis Xiaozi of Jin on the winter of the seventh year of the reign of Duke Huan of Qi which was 705; the year after, King Huan of Zhou sent Guo Zhong (虢仲) to put Marquis Xiaozi of Jin into the throne and he became Marquis Min of Jin. Quwo failed to annex the state of Jin in this event.

In 678 BC, in the 28th year of the reign of Marquis Min of Jin, Duke Wu of Quwo attacked and conquered Jin. Duke Wu of Quwo offered gifts to King Xi of Zhou. In the seventh year of the reign of Duke Zhuang Lu which is 677 BC, King Xi of Zhou appointed Cheng the ruler of Jin and gave him the title of Duke.

Reign as Duke of Jin[edit]

Not long after Duke Wu of Jin received the title he invaded the state of Zhouwang (周王國) and killed Guizhu (詭諸), one of their court officials; the official who held the power in the state of Zhouwang, Zhou Gongjifu (周公忌父) escaped to the State of Guo (虢國).

Duke Wu of Jin died two years after he received the title of Duke of Jin.

The Sui dynasty Emperors were from the northwest military aristocracy, and emphasized that their patrilineal ancestry was ethnic Han, claiming descent from the Han official Yang Zhen.[1] and the New Book of Tang traced his patrilineal ancestry to the Zhou dynasty kings via Ji Boqiao 姬伯僑, who was the son of Duke Wu of Jin.[2] Ji Boqiao's family became known as the "sheep tongue family" 羊舌氏.

The Yang of Hongnong 弘農楊氏[3][4][5][6][7] were asserted as ancestors by the Sui Emperors like the Longxi Li's were asserted as ancestors of the Tang Emperors;[8] the Li of Zhaojun and the Lu of Fanyang hailed from Shandong and were related to the Liu clan which was also linked to the Yang of Hongnong and other clans of Guanlong.[9] Duke Wu of Jin was claimed as the ancestors of the Hongnong Yang.[10]

The Yang of Hongnong, Jia of Hedong, Xiang of Henei, and Wang of Taiyuan from the Tang dynasty were claimed as ancestors by Song dynasty lineages.[11]

There were Dukedoms for the offspring of the royal families of the Zhou dynasty, Sui dynasty, and Tang dynasty in the Later Jin (Five Dynasties).[12]

Duke Wu of Jin
Cadet branch of the House of Ji
 Died: 677 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Zhuang Bo of Quwo
Ruler of Quwo
716–679 BC
Merged into Jin
Preceded by
Min
as Marquis of Jin
Duke of Jin
678–677 BC
Succeeded by
Duke Xian of Jin

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Book of Sui, vol. 1
  2. ^ New Book of Tang, zh:s:新唐書
  3. ^ Howard L. Goodman (2010). Xun Xu and the Politics of Precision in Third-Century Ad China. BRILL. pp. 81–. ISBN 90-04-18337-X.
  4. ^ Bulletin. The Museum. 1992. p. 154.
  5. ^ Jo-Shui Chen (2 November 2006). Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in T'ang China, 773-819. Cambridge University Press. pp. 195–. ISBN 978-0-521-03010-6.
  6. ^ Peter Bol (1 August 1994). "This Culture of Ours": Intellectual Transitions in T?ang and Sung China. Stanford University Press. pp. 505–. ISBN 978-0-8047-6575-6.
  7. ^ Asia Major. Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica. 1995. p. 57.
  8. ^ R. W. L. Guisso (December 1978). Wu Tse-T'len and the politics of legitimation in T'ang China. Western Washington. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-914584-90-2.
  9. ^ Jo-Shui Chen (2 November 2006). Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in T'ang China, 773-819. Cambridge University Press. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-0-521-03010-6.
  10. ^ 《氏族志》
  11. ^ Peter Bol (1 August 1994). "This Culture of Ours": Intellectual Transitions in T?ang and Sung China. Stanford University Press. pp. 66–. ISBN 978-0-8047-6575-6.
  12. ^ Ouyang, Xiu (5 April 2004). Historical Records of the Five Dynasties. Richard L. Davis, translator. Columbia University Press. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-0-231-50228-3.