Duke of Cumberland

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Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the historic county of Cumberland.[1]

History[edit]

The Earldom of Cumberland, created in 1525, became extinct in 1643. The dukedom was created in the Peerage of England in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without male heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by his peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the third son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The titles Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn and Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale were later created in the Peerage of Great Britain.

List of titleholders[edit]

Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
1644–1682
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
Prince Rupert 17 December 1619
Prague
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
Never Married 29 November 1682
Westminster
aged 62
Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince George
House of Oldenburg
1689–1708
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
Prince George 2 June 1653
Copenhagen Castle
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Anne
28 July 1683
1 child
28 October 1708
Kensington Palace
aged 62
Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)
Prince William 26 April 1721
Leicester House, London
son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach
Never married 31 October 1765
London
aged 44
Also known as "Butcher" Cumberland and Sweet William.

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)[edit]

The sole title-holder was Prince Henry (1745–1790), 3rd son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, the eldest son and heir apparent of King George II and the father of King George III. He died without legitimate issue, when the dukedom again became extinct.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)[edit]

This double dukedom, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Prince Ernest Augustus (1771–1851) (later King of Hanover), the fifth son and eighth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and King of Hanover. In 1919 it was suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 and as of 2018 has not been restored to its titular heir.

Family tree[edit]

Family Tree: Dukes of Cumberland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King James VI & I
(1566–r.1603–1625)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Elizabeth Stuart
(1596–1662)
m. Frederick V of the Palatinate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Charles I
(1600–r.1625–1649)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF CUMBERLAND, 1644
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Rupert,
Duke of Cumberland

(1619–1682)
 
Sophia of Hanover
(1630–1714)
m. Ernest Augustus of Brunswick
 
King Charles II
(1630–r.1660–1685)
 
King James II
(1633–1701, r.1685–1688)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF CUMBERLAND, 1689
 
 
 
 
King George I
(1660–r.1714–1727)
 
Queen Mary II
(1662–r.1689–1694)
m. King William III
(1650–r.1689–1702)
 
Queen Anne
(1665–r.1702–1714)
m. Prince George, Duke of Cumberland
(1653–1708)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King George II
(1683–r.1727–1760)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF CUMBERLAND, 1726
 
 
Prince Frederick Louis,
Prince of Wales

(1707–1751)
 
Prince William Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland

(1721–1765)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF CUMBERLAND
& STRATHEARN
, 1766
 
 
King George III
(1738–r.1760–1820)
 
Prince Henry,
Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

(1745–1790)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF CUMBERLAND
& TEVIOTDALE
, 1799
King George IV
(1762–r.1820–1830)
 
King William IV
(1765–r.1830–1837)
 
Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent

(1767–1820)
 
Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover,
1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

(1771–1851)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Victoria
(1819–r.1837–1901)
 
 
 
 
George V, King of Hanover,
2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

(1819–1878)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edward VII
(1841–r.1901–1910)
 
 
 
 
Prince Ernest Augustus,
3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

(1845–1923)
Dukedom forfeit, 1919
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King George V
(1865–r.1910–1936)
 
 
 
 
Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Brunswick

(1887–1953)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edward VIII
(1894–1972, r.1936)
 
King George VI
(1895–r.1936–1952)
 
 
 
Prince Ernest Augustus
(1914–1987)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–r.1952–)
 
 
 
Prince Ernest Augustus
(1954–)

Contract bridge[edit]

A historic fixed bridge hand is known as the Duke of Cumberland hand. The hand also appeared in Ian Fleming's James Bond thriller, "Moonraker".[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cumberland, Dukes and Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 620.
  2. ^ The Duke of Cumberland bridge hand

See also[edit]