Dukes County, Massachusetts

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Dukes County, Massachusetts
County of Massachusetts
County of Dukes County
Town Hall, Edgartown MA.jpg
Town Hall, Edgartown.
Seal of Dukes County, Massachusetts
Seal
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Dukes County
Location in the U.S. state of Massachusetts
Map of the United States highlighting Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location in the U.S.
Founded 1695
Seat Edgartown
Largest town Edgartown
Area
 • Total 491 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Land 103 sq mi (267 km2)
 • Water 388 sq mi (1,005 km2), 79%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 17,356
 • Density 160/sq mi (60/km2)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.dukescounty.org

Dukes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,535,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Massachusetts. Its county seat is Edgartown.[2]

Dukes County comprises the Vineyard Haven, MA Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county consists of the island of Martha's Vineyard (including Chappaquiddick Island), the Elizabeth Islands (including Cuttyhunk), the island of Nomans Land, and other associated islets.

History[edit]

The original inhabitants of the islands were Wampanoag, who had several villages. Political jurisdiction over the lands were granted by the English monarchy in overlapping claims to two different British nobles, from which Massachusetts Bay Company settler Thomas Mayhew purchased them in 1641. Mayhew established a colony in his new domain, carefully purchasing land ownership rights from the native inhabitants, and maintaining native governments to continue unimpeded. In 1665, Mayhew's lands were included in a grant to the Duke of York. In 1671, a settlement was arranged, allowing Mayhew to continue to rule while placing his territory under the jurisdiction of the Province of New York.

Dukes County was thus established as Dukes County, New York, on November 1, 1683, and included all of Mayhew's lands – Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands. The county was transferred to Massachusetts on October 7, 1691, and at the same time Nantucket Island was split into the separate Nantucket County, Massachusetts. The 1695 incorporation statute created a county "by the name of Dukes County," as opposed to the standard form "the county of Dukes" which is the reason for the redundancy in the formal name, "County of Dukes County".[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 491 square miles (1,270 km2), of which 103 square miles (270 km2) is land and 388 square miles (1,000 km2) (79%) is water.[4] It is the third-smallest county by land area.

Nearby counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17903,255
18003,118−4.2%
18103,2905.5%
18203,2920.1%
18303,5176.8%
18403,95812.5%
18504,54014.7%
18604,403−3.0%
18703,787−14.0%
18804,30013.5%
18904,3691.6%
19004,5614.4%
19104,504−1.2%
19204,372−2.9%
19304,95313.3%
19405,66914.5%
19505,633−0.6%
19605,8293.5%
19706,1174.9%
19808,94246.2%
199011,63930.2%
200014,98728.8%
201016,53510.3%
Est. 201617,246[5]4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 14,987 people, 6,421 households, and 3,788 families residing in the county. The population density was 144 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 14,836 housing units at an average density of 143 per square mile (55/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.69% White, 2.40% Black or African American, 1.71% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.4% were of English, 13.3% Irish, 8.6% Portuguese, 6.4% Italian and 5.7% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.1% spoke English, 3.7% Portuguese and 1.7% Spanish as their first language and 0.285% speak Irish at home.

There were 6,421 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.40% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.00% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 27.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,559, and the median income for a family was $55,018. Males had a median income of $38,945 versus $30,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,472. About 5.00% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,535 people, 7,368 households, and 4,221 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 160.2 inhabitants per square mile (61.9/km2). There were 17,188 housing units at an average density of 166.5 per square mile (64.3/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% white, 3.1% black or African American, 1.1% American Indian, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.9% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population.[11]

The largest ancestry groups were:[13]

  • 18.5% Irish
  • 17.1% English
  • 11.7% Portuguese
  • 10.0% American
  • 9.2% German
  • 7.6% Italian
  • 5.5% French
  • 2.9% West Indian
  • 2.9% Scottish
  • 2.5% Dutch
  • 2.3% Scotch-Irish
  • 2.1% Swedish
  • 2.1% Polish
  • 1.9% French Canadian
  • 1.4% Russian
  • 1.1% Arab
  • 1.0% Sub-Saharan African

Of the 7,368 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.7% were non-families, and 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 45.3 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $62,407 and the median income for a family was $77,231. Males had a median income of $43,850 versus $41,994 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,390. About 5.5% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Demographic breakdown by town[edit]

Income[edit]

The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[15][16][17]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Chilmark Town $45,210 $59,583 $79,688 801 302
2 Edgartown Town $38,083 $74,214 $82,583 4,034 1,466
3 West Tisbury Town $36,592 $75,759 $87,566 2,506 926
Massachusetts State $35,051 $65,981 $83,371 6,512,227 2,522,409
Dukes County County $33,228 $69,760 $82,659 16,353 5,568
Vineyard Haven CDP $30,298 $77,935 $92,112 2,465 652
4 Gosnold Town $29,511 $52,813 $61,250 183 63
5 Tisbury Town $29,384 $54,762 $60,521 3,914 1,290
6 Oak Bluffs Town $29,117 $78,890 $84,846 4,449 1,429
United States Country $27,915 $52,762 $64,293 306,603,772 114,761,359
7 Aquinnah Town $25,512 $82,500 $106,250 466 92

Political affiliation[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 13, 2010[18]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 4,920 36.43%
Republican 1,415 10.48%
Unenrolled 7,081 52.44%
Minor Parties 88 0.65%
Total 13,504 100%

Religion[edit]

Year 1980 1990 2000 2010
Religion Congregations Adherents Congregations Adherents Congregations Adherents Congregations Adherents
Catholic Church 3 2,000 3 5,000 3 9,951 3 2,896
Episcopal Church 2 871 3 562 3 608 3 473
United Methodist 6 620 6 587 5 524 2 176
American Baptist 3 279 3 403 3 461 4 456
Regular Baptist 0 n/a 1 62 1 83 1 90
United Church of Christ 1 110 1 166 1 217 1 165
Unitarian-Universalist 1 83 1 83 1 83 1 74
Assemblies of God 1 5 1 69 2 174 1 160
Friends (Quakers) 1 n/a 1 22 1 52 1 9
Church of Christ, Scientist n/a n/a 1 n/a 1 n/a 1 n/a
Congregational n/a n/a 1 300 1 295 1 331
Jehovah's Witnesses n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 n/a
Evangelical Christian 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 1 60
Mormon n/a n/a 1 27 1 49 1 84
Buddhist 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 1 72
Jewish 1 138 1 260 1 300 1 923
Ba'hai 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 4
Unaffiliated 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 n/a 0 10,562

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 21.2% 2,477 72.0% 8,400 6.8% 797
2012 25.5% 2,792 72.7% 7,978 1.8% 198
2008 23.1% 2,442 75.0% 7,913 1.9% 198
2004 26.0% 2,602 72.7% 7,265 1.3% 130
2000 26.1% 2,315 61.8% 5,474 12.1% 1,067
1996 22.6% 1,739 66.7% 5,137 10.7% 826
1992 23.2% 1,827 54.4% 4,292 22.4% 1,769
1988 34.8% 2,441 64.0% 4,495 1.3% 89
1984 45.5% 2,788 54.1% 3,313 0.4% 24
1980 33.5% 1,809 43.9% 2,370 22.6% 1,218
1976 46.1% 2,365 48.9% 2,513 5.0% 257
1972 53.3% 2,312 46.2% 2,001 0.5% 23
1968 49.3% 1,576 48.2% 1,540 2.5% 80
1964 31.6% 1,015 68.1% 2,187 0.4% 12
1960 60.8% 1,998 39.0% 1,282 0.2% 6
1956 82.9% 2,618 17.1% 541 0.0% 1
1952 76.1% 2,432 23.8% 760 0.2% 6
1948 69.7% 1,731 29.0% 720 1.3% 33
1944 61.4% 1,372 38.5% 861 0.0% 1
1940 61.5% 1,643 38.0% 1,014 0.5% 13
1936 63.3% 1,655 35.6% 931 1.1% 29
1932 68.8% 1,330 30.2% 583 1.0% 20
1928 75.9% 1,487 24.0% 470 0.1% 1
1924 86.9% 1,182 7.9% 108 5.1% 70
1920 86.7% 1,013 12.8% 150 0.4% 5
1916 59.0% 464 39.3% 309 1.8% 14
1912 34.8% 269 27.8% 215 37.5% 290
1908 76.8% 589 17.3% 133 5.9% 45
1904 80.2% 602 16.0% 120 3.9% 29
1900 79.1% 617 14.6% 114 6.3% 49
1896 80.5% 691 10.6% 91 8.9% 76
1892 66.5% 588 26.9% 238 6.6% 58
1888 64.2% 570 22.4% 199 13.4% 119
1884 67.7% 568 24.1% 202 8.2% 69
1880 76.6% 576 23.1% 174 0.3% 2
1876 72.8% 399 27.2% 149 0.0% 0

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other villages[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Dukes County, MA – An Ancient Heritage Archived May 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  15. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  16. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  17. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  18. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 13, 2010" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2011-01-31.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-27.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°22′N 70°42′W / 41.37°N 70.70°W / 41.37; -70.70