David Michael Bautista Jr. is an American actor, retired professional wrestler, former mixed martial artist and bodybuilder. Bautista began his wrestling career in 1999, signed with the World Wrestling Federation in 2000. From 2002 to 2010, he gained fame under the ring name Batista and became a six-time world champion by winning the World Heavyweight Championship four times and the WWE Championship twice, he holds the record for the longest reign as World Heavyweight Champion at 282 days and has won the World Tag Team Championship three times and the WWE Tag Team Championship once. He was the winner of the 2005 Royal Rumble match and went on to headline WrestleMania 21, one of the top five highest-grossing pay-per-view events in professional wrestling history. Bautista re-signed with WWE in 2013, going on to win the 2014 Royal Rumble match and headline WrestleMania XXX before again departing that June. In October 2018, Batista returned to WWE and faced Triple H at WrestleMania 35 in April 2019, before retiring from wrestling.
Bautista began acting in 2006 and has starred in The Man with the Iron Fists, the James Bond film Spectre, Blade Runner 2049. In the Marvel Cinematic Universe, he has played the role of Drax in the films Guardians of the Galaxy, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Avengers: Infinity War. He has appeared in several direct-to-video films since 2009. In August 2012, Bautista signed a contract with Classic Entertainment & Sports to fight in mixed martial arts, he won his lone MMA fight on October 2012, defeating Vince Lucero via TKO in the first round. David Michael Bautista Jr. was born on January 18, 1969, in Arlington, the son of Donna Raye and hairdresser David Michael Bautista. His mother is of Greek descent, his paternal grandfather served in the Filipino military, worked as a taxi driver and barber, held other jobs to feed the family. Bautista has said that he lived in poverty, that he had a hard life—before he reached the age of nine, three murders had occurred on his front lawn; as young as age 13, he was stealing cars.
By age 17, Bautista was lived on his own. He admitted, "I am proud of my parents, they are good, hard-working folks. They taught me the values of working hard." He was a nightclub bouncer until he was arrested after a fight that left two patrons injured, one of whom was rendered unconscious. After a trial, he was sentenced to one year of probation, he worked as a lifeguard before pursuing a career in bodybuilding, crediting the latter with saving his life. Bautista tried out at the World Championship Wrestling Power Plant, but was told he would never make it in the wrestling business by Sgt. Buddy Lee Parker, he went to the World Wrestling Federation, who advised him to train with Afa Anoaʻi in the Wild Samoan Training Center wrestling school, where he went to train and compete in Anoa'i's World Xtreme Wrestling promotion. He had his debut match as Khan on October 30, 1999. Bautista trained with Marrese Crump in Muay Thai and Eskrima. Most he trained at Cesar Gracie Jiu-Jitsu under Cesar Gracie and has become a purple belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
Upon signing with the WWF in 2000, Bautista was sent to Ohio Valley Wrestling, a WWF developmental territory. He made his OVW debut that year under the ring name Leviathan, where he joined forces with Synn; as a member of the Disciples of Synn stable, he went undefeated until being beaten at Christmas Chaos by Kane with help from Stone Cold Steve Austin. He won the OVW Heavyweight Championship from "The Machine" Doug Basham before losing the belt to The Prototype. A few months Bautista left OVW after he was promoted to WWE's main roster. While still in OVW, Bautista began appearing on non-televised WWE events, he began his televised WWE career on May 9, 2002 on an episode of SmackDown! as Deacon Batista, a villainous enforcer for Reverend D'Von. He made his WWE in-ring debut in a tag team match teaming with D'Von against Faarooq and Randy Orton, pinning Orton. Over several weeks, Orton tried to beat D'Von and Batista with different partners, but lost each time. Batista suffered his first loss in a match against Rikishi after D'Von accidentally punched him, allowing Rikishi to take advantage and pin Batista.
Batista and D'Von argued over the forthcoming weeks, with Batista turning on D'Von. On the November 11 episode of SmackDown, Batista defeated D'Von to end their feud. After splitting with D'Von, he was renamed Batista, he feuded with Kane, whom he defeated at Armageddon. In January 2003, Batista joined Triple H, Ric Flair and Randy Orton to form the villainous stable Evolution. Batista, was sidelined for much of 2003 after he tore his right triceps muscle at a Raw live event in a match against Brock Lesnar. While training after the injury, Batista re-tore his triceps. Batista made his return on October 20 episode of Raw, interfering in a match between Goldberg and Shawn Michaels and "shattering" Goldberg's ankle with a chair. After the interference, Evolution came out, Triple H rewarded Batista with $100,000. On November 10 episode of Raw, Goldberg defeated Batista by disqualification when Triple H interfered. At Armageddon, Batista took. By the end of the event, all four members of Evolution
Zendaya Maree Stoermer Coleman is an American actress and singer. She began her career appearing as a child model and backup dancer, before gaining prominence for her role as Rocky Blue on the Disney Channel sitcom Shake It Up. In 2013, Zendaya was a contestant on the sixteenth season of the competition series Dancing with the Stars. From 2015 to 2018, she produced and starred as K. C. Cooper on the Disney Channel sitcom K. C. Undercover, she made her film breakthrough in 2017, starring as Michelle "MJ" Jones in the Marvel Cinematic Universe superhero film Spider-Man: Homecoming and as Anne Wheeler in the musical drama film The Greatest Showman. Zendaya began her career in music by recording songs independently and releasing the singles "Swag It Out" and "Watch Me" in 2011, the latter a collaboration with Bella Thorne, she signed with Hollywood Records in 2012 and released her debut single, "Replay", which reached number 40 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States. Zendaya's self-titled debut studio album debuted at number 51 on the Billboard 200 chart.
Coleman was born on September 1, 1996, in Oakland, the only child of Claire Marie and Kazembe Ajamu. She has five older half-siblings on her father's side, her father is African-American, with roots in Arkansas, while her mother has German and Scottish ancestry. Zendaya, whose name derives from an African term meaning "to give thanks," grew as a performer in part at the nearby California Shakespeare Theater in Orinda, California where her mother works as the house manager, in addition to training at the theater's student conservatory program, she appeared in numerous stage productions while she was attending Oakland School for the Arts, starring as Little Ti Moune in Once on This Island at the Berkeley Playhouse and the breakout role of the male character Joe in Caroline, or Change at Palo Alto's TheaterWorks. Zendaya spent; the group did hula dances when she was eight. She studied at the American Conservatory Theater, her other stage credits include William Shakespeare's Richard III, Twelfth Night, As You Like It.
Zendaya began her professional career working as a fashion model for Mervyns and Old Navy. She was featured in an iCarly toys ad, she appeared as a back-up dancer in a Sears commercial, featuring Disney actress Selena Gomez. In 2009, she was a featured performer in the Kidz Bop music video for its cover of the song "Hot n Cold", released on Kidz Bop 15, she auditioned in November 2009 for the role of CeCe Jones to join the cast of Dance Dance Chicago changed to Shake It Up!, but was selected as Rocky Blue instead. For her audition, she performed Michael Jackson's "Leave Me Alone". Shake It Up premiered on November 7, 2010, it was watched by 6.2 million viewers, becoming Disney Channel's second highest-rated premiere in Disney Channel's 27-year history. In 2011 Zendaya released "Swag It Out", a promotional independent single; the song was produced by Glenn A. Foster, she starred in the book trailer for "From Bad To Cursed" by Katie Alender. In the same year, she released "Watch Me," featuring Bella Thorne, on June 21.
The song peaked at 86 on the Billboard Hot 100. The second season of Shake It Up was announced on March 16, 2011, premiered on September 18, 2011. On June 5, 2011, Shake It Up had a crossover episode with Good Luck Charlie. Zendaya hosted Make Your Mark: Ultimate Dance Off 2011, her first movie role was in a Disney Channel Original Movie. On February 29, 2012, "Something to Dance For" was released as promotional single for Live 2 Dance. For the soundtrack, Zendaya recorded three other songs: "Made In Japan," "Same Heart", "Fashion In Krytonite", released as promotional single. On September 2, 2012, she signed to Hollywood Records. In October, Zendaya performed at the Operation Smile benefit. In February 2013, Zendaya was announced as one of the celebrities who will compete on season 16 of Dancing with the Stars. At age 16, she was the youngest contestant to participate on the show, before Willow Shields succeeded her at age 14 on season 20, she was partnered up with professional dancer Valentin Chmerkovskiy.
In May, the couple finished as runners-up behind Derek Hough. Her self-titled debut album was released on September 17, 2013, it was preceded by the hit single "Replay", released on July 16, 2013. The song was written by Paul "Phamous" Shelton. In June 2013, Coleman wrapped up filming for the music video. On July 25, the Disney Channel confirmed that Shake It Up will be canceled after the end of the third season. In November 2013, Zendaya was picked as Elvis Duran's Artist of the Month and was featured on NBC's Today, where she performed live her single "Replay". In 2014, Zendaya was cast as 16-year-old Zoey Stevens, the lead character in the Disney Channel Original Movie Zapped, whose "smart phone begins to somehow control all the boys around her". In late 2013, Zendaya was cast as the lead in a new Disney Channel pilot called Super Awesome Katy, it was ordered to series by Disney Channel in May 2014, with the series now under the title K. C. Undercover, with Zendaya's character now named K. C. Cooper rather than Katy Cooper.
In 2017, Zendaya stated that she had a large influence over the renaming of her character and the retitling of the series deciding several key elements of the character's personality. K. C. Undercover premiered on Disney Channel on January 18, 2015, was renewed for a second season in May 2015. In 2014, Zendaya finalized a joint venture between Hollywood and Republic Record
Timothée Hal Chalamet is a French and American actor. He began his acting career in short films, before appearing in the television drama series Homeland in 2012. Two years he made his feature film debut in the drama Men, Women & Children and subsequently appeared in Christopher Nolan's science-fiction film Interstellar. In 2017, Chalamet gained wider recognition for his supporting roles in the coming-of-age film Lady Bird and the western Hostiles, for his lead role in Luca Guadagnino's romantic drama Call Me by Your Name; the latter earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor, making him the third-youngest nominee in the category. The following year, he portrayed a drug-addicted teenager in the drama Beautiful Boy, for which he received a nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. On stage, Chalamet has starred in John Patrick Shanley's autobiographical play Prodigal Son, for which he was nominated for a Drama League Award and won a Lucille Lortel Award.
Chalamet was born on December 27, 1995 in New York City's Manhattan borough and grew up in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood. His parents are Nicole Flender, a real estate broker and former Broadway dancer, Marc Chalamet, an editor for UNICEF, his American mother, a third-generation New Yorker, is Jewish, his French father, who lived in Nîmes, is from a Protestant background. Chalamet's older sister, Pauline, is an actress and lives in Paris. Chalamet's maternal uncle is filmmaker Rodman Flender, his maternal aunt is television producer and writer Amy Lippman, his maternal grandfather was screenwriter Harold Flender, his maternal grandmother, Enid Flender, is a former Broadway dancer. Growing up, Chalamet spent summers in Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, a small French village two hours away from Lyon, at the home of his paternal grandparents, his paternal grandmother, who had moved to France, was Canadian. Chalamet stated. "Once I was there, I became the French version of myself," he told La Presse. "I was imbued with the culture, I dreamed in French."
His childhood dream was to become a professional soccer player, "I was a coach at a soccer camp in France. I coached six to ten-year-olds when I was around thirteen."Chalamet attended PS 87 William T. Sherman School for elementary school, the selective Delta program at MS 54 Booker T. Washington Middle School, which he described as a "miserable three years" due to the lack of a creative outlet within the school's academically rigorous environment, his acceptance into Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts was a turning point in his appreciation for acting, he stated, "I had some excellent teachers and fell in love with it. I saw that it could be and should be treated as a craft". Harry Shifman, his sophomore year drama teacher at LaGuardia, was so impressed by his audition that he insisted on Chalamet's acceptance into the school though he had been rejected in the interview, saying "I gave him the highest score I've given a kid auditioning." He graduated in 2013 and starred in school musicals as Emcee in Cabaret and Oscar Lindquist in Sweet Charity.
He is a YoungArts alumnus. After high school, Chalamet attended Columbia University for one year, majoring in cultural anthropology, he transferred to New York University's Gallatin School of Individualized Study to pursue his acting career more freely. As a child, Chalamet appeared in several commercials and acted in two horror short films like Sweet Tooth and Clown before making his television debut on an episode of the long-running police procedural series Law & Order, playing a murder victim, he followed this with a minor role in the television film Loving Leah. In 2011, he made his stage debut in the Off-Broadway play The Talls, a coming-of-age comedy set in the 1970s, in which he played a sexually curious 12 year-old Nicholas; the chief theatre critic of New York Daily News wrote "Chalamet hilariously captures a tween's awakening curiosities about sex." In 2012, he had recurring roles in the drama series Royal Pains and in the critically acclaimed spy-thriller series Homeland, in which he played Finn Walden, the rebellious son of the Vice President.
Along with the rest of the cast, Chalamet was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series. In 2014, he made his feature film debut in a minor role in Jason Reitman's critically panned Men, Women & Children; that year, he played the role of Tom Cooper, the son of Matthew McConaughey's character, in Christopher Nolan's Interstellar. The film received positive reviews, with critics praising the cast's performances, grossed over $675 million worldwide. In 2014, Chalamet played the younger version of the co-lead role in Worst Friends, a comedy which had a limited theatrical release and received positive reviews. In 2015, Chalamet co-starred in Andrew Droz Palermo's fantasy-thriller One & Two, playing the role of Zac, a son who along with his sister, begins to explore unusual abilities and dark family secrets when their mother falls ill; the film premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival, where it received mixed reviews, before its limited theatrical release.
His next role was playing the teenage version of James Franco's character, Stephen Elliott, in Pamela Romanowsky's The Adderall Diaries. In his final role of 2015, Chalamet played Charlie Cooper, the sullen grandson of Diane Keaton and John Goodman's characters in the Christmas comedy Love the Coopers, which received negative reviews. In February 2016, he starred as Jim Quinn in the autobiographical play Prodigal Son at Manhattan Theatr
Concubinage is an interpersonal and sexual relationship in which the couple are not or cannot be married. The inability to marry may be due to multiple factors such as differences in social rank status, an existing marriage, religious or professional prohibitions, or a lack of recognition by appropriate authorities; the woman or man in such a relationship is referred to as a concubine. In Judaism, a concubine is a marital companion of inferior status to a wife. A concubine among polygamous peoples is a secondary wife of inferior rank; the prevalence of concubinage and the status of rights and expectations of a concubine have varied among cultures, as have the rights of children of a concubine. Whatever the status and rights of the concubine, they were always inferior to those of the wife and neither she nor her children had rights of inheritance. Concubinage was entered into voluntarily as it provided a measure of economic security for the woman. Involuntary or servile concubinage sometimes involved sexual slavery of one member of the relationship the woman.
Sexual relations outside marriage were not uncommon among royalty and nobility, the woman in such relationships was described as a mistress. The children of such relationships were counted as illegitimate and were barred from inheriting the father's title or estates in the absence of legitimate heirs. While forms of long-term sexual relationships and co-habitation short of marriage have become common in the Western world, these are not described as concubinage; the terms concubinage and concubine are used today when referring to non-marital partnerships of earlier eras. In modern usage, a non-marital domestic relationship is referred to as co-habitation, the woman in such a relationship is referred to as a girlfriend, fiancée, lover or life partner. Concubinage was popular before the early 20th century all over East Asia; the main function of concubinage was producing additional heirs, as well as bringing males pleasure. Children of concubines had lower rights in account to inheritance, regulated by the Dishu system.
In China, successful men had concubines until the practice was outlawed when the Communist Party of China came to power in 1949. The standard Chinese term translated as "concubine" was qiè 妾, a term, used since ancient times, which means "concubine. Concubinage resembled marriage in that concubines were recognized sexual partners of a man and were expected to bear children for him. Unofficial concubines are of lower status, their children are considered illegitimate; the English term concubine is used for what the Chinese refer to as pínfēi, or "consorts of emperors", an official position carrying a high rank. In premodern China it was illegal and disreputable for a man to have more than one wife at a time, but it was acceptable to have concubines. In the earliest records a man could have as many concubines. From the Eastern Han period onward, the number of concubines a man could have was limited by law; the higher rank and the more noble identity a man possessed, the more concubines he was permitted to have.
A concubine's treatment and situation was variable and was influenced by the social status of the male to whom she was attached, as well as the attitude of his wife. In the Book of Rites chapter on "The Pattern of the Family" it says, “If there were betrothal rites, she became a wife. Wives brought a dowry to a relationship. A concubinage relationship could be entered into without the ceremonies used in marriages, neither remarriage nor a return to her natal home in widowhood were allowed to a concubine; the position of the concubine was inferior to that of the wife. Although a concubine could produce heirs, her children would be inferior in social status to a wife's children, although they were of higher status than illegitimate children; the child of a concubine had to show filial duty to two women, their biological mother and their legal mother—the wife of their father. After the death of a concubine, her sons would make an offering to her, but these offerings were not continued by the concubine's grandsons, who only made offerings to their grandfather’s wife.
There are early records of concubines being buried alive with their masters to "keep them company in the afterlife". Until the Song dynasty, it was considered a serious breach of social ethics to promote a concubine to a wife. During the Qing dynasty, the status of concubines improved, it became permissible to promote a concubine to wife, if the original wife had died and the concubine was the mother of the only surviving sons. Moreover, the prohibition against forcing a widow to remarry was extended to widowed concubines. During this period tablets for concubine-mothers seem to have been more placed in family ancestral altars, genealogies of some lineages listed concubine-mothers. Imperial concubines, kept by emperors in the Forbidden City, had different ranks and were traditionally guarded by eunuchs to ensure that they could not be impregnated by anyone but the emperor. In Ming China there was an official system to select concubines for the emperor; the age of the candidates ranged from 14 to 16.
Virtues, character and body condition were the selection criteria. Despite the limitations imposed on Chinese concubines, there are several examples in history
Dune is a science fiction media franchise that originated with the 1965 novel Dune by Frank Herbert. Dune is cited as the best-selling science fiction novel in history, it won the 1966 Hugo Award and the inaugural Nebula Award for Best Novel, was adapted into a 1984 film and a 2000 television miniseries. Herbert wrote five sequels, the first two were presented as a miniseries in 2003; the Dune universe has inspired some traditional games and a series of video games. Since 2009, the names of planets from the Dune novels have been adopted for the real-world nomenclature of plains and other features on Saturn's moon Titan. Frank Herbert died in 1986. Beginning in 1999, his son Brian Herbert and science fiction author Kevin J. Anderson published a number of prequel novels, as well as two which complete the original Dune series based on Frank Herbert's notes discovered a decade after his death; the political and social fictional setting of Herbert's novels and derivative works is known as the Dune universe, or Duniverse.
Set tens of thousands of years in the future, the saga chronicles a civilization which has banned all forms of computers, or "thinking machines", but has developed advanced technology and mental and physical abilities. Vital to this empire is the harsh desert planet Arrakis, only known source of the spice melange, the most valuable substance in the universe. Due to the similarities between some of Herbert's terms and ideas and actual words and concepts in the Arabic language—as well as the series' "Islamic undertones" and themes—a Middle Eastern influence on Herbert's works has been noted repeatedly. Herbert's interest in the desert setting of Dune and its challenges is attributed to research he began in 1957 for a never-completed article about a United States Department of Agriculture experiment using poverty grasses to stabilize damaging sand dunes, which could "swallow whole cities, lakes and highways." Herbert spent the next five years researching and revising what would become the novel Dune, serialized in Analog magazine as two shorter works, Dune World and The Prophet of Dune.
The serialized version was expanded and reworked—and rejected by more than 20 publishers—before being published by Chilton Books, a little-known printing house best known for its auto repair manuals, in 1965. Dune won the inaugural Nebula Award for Best Novel; the novel has been translated into dozens of languages, has sold 20 million copies. Dune has been cited as one of the world's best-selling science fiction novels. A sequel, Dune Messiah, followed in 1969. A third novel called Children of Dune was published in 1976, was nominated for a Hugo Award. Children of Dune became the first hardcover best-seller in the science fiction field. In 1978, Berkley Books published The Illustrated Dune, an edition of Dune with 33 black-and-white sketch drawings and eight full color paintings by John Schoenherr, who had done the cover art for the first printing of Dune and had illustrated the Analog serializations of Dune and Children of Dune. Herbert wrote in 1980 that though he had not spoken to Schoenherr prior to the artist creating the paintings, the author was surprised to find that the artwork appeared as he had imagined its fictional subjects, including sandworms, Baron Harkonnen and the Sardaukar.
In 1981, Herbert released God Emperor of Dune, ranked as the #11 hardcover fiction best seller of 1981 by Publishers Weekly. Heretics of Dune, the 1984 New York Times #13 hardcover fiction best seller, was followed in quick succession by Chapterhouse: Dune in 1985. Herbert died on February 11, 1986. Over a decade after Herbert's death, his son Brian Herbert enlisted science fiction author Kevin J. Anderson to coauthor a trilogy of Dune prequel novels that would come to be called the Prelude to Dune series. Using some of Frank Herbert's own notes, the duo wrote Dune: House Atreides, Dune: House Harkonnen, Dune: House Corrino; the series is set in the years prior to the events of Dune. This was followed with a second prequel trilogy called the Legends of Dune, consisting of Dune: The Butlerian Jihad, Dune: The Machine Crusade, Dune: The Battle of Corrin; these were set during the Butlerian Jihad, an element of back-story which Frank Herbert had established as occurring 10,000 years before the events chronicled in Dune.
Herbert's brief description of humanity's "crusade against computers, thinking machines, conscious robots" was expanded by Brian Herbert and Anderson in this series. With an outline for the first book of Prelude to Dune series written and a proposal sent to publishers, Brian Herbert had discovered his father's 30-page outline for a sequel to Chapterhouse Dune which the elder Herbert had dubbed Dune 7. After publishing their six prequel novels, Brian Herbert and Anderson released Hunters of Dune and Sandworms of Dune, which complete the original series and wrap up storylines that began with Frank Herbert's Heretics of Dune; the Heroes of Dune series followed, focusing on the time periods between Frank Herbert's original novels. The first book, Paul of Dune, was published in 2008, followed by The Winds of Dune in 2009; the next two installments were to be called The Throne of Dune and Leto of Dune, but were postponed due to plans to publish a trilogy about "the formation of the Bene Gesserit, the Mentats, the Suk Doctors, the Spacing Guild and the Navigators, as well as the solidifying of the Corrino imperium."
Sisterhood of Dune was released in 2012, followed by Mentats of Dune in 2014. In a 2009 interview, Anderso
Paul Atreides is a fictional character in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert. Paul is a prominent character in the first two novels in the series and Dune Messiah, returns in Children of Dune; the character is brought back as two different gholas in the Brian Herbert/Kevin J. Anderson novels which conclude the original series, Hunters of Dune and Sandworms of Dune, appears in the prequels Paul of Dune and The Winds of Dune. A primary theme of Dune and its sequels is Frank Herbert's warning about society's tendencies to "give over every decision-making capacity" to a charismatic leader, he said in 1979, "The bottom line of the Dune trilogy is: beware of heroes. Much better rely on your own judgment, your own mistakes." Paul rises to leadership through military strategy and political maneuvering, but his superhuman powers and ability to fit himself into pre-existing religious infrastructure allow him to force himself upon mankind as their messiah. As "Muad'Dib," Paul becomes the central figure of a new religion, reluctantly unleashes a bloody jihad in his name across the universe.
Paul was portrayed by Kyle MacLachlan in David Lynch's 1984 film adaptation, by Alec Newman in the 2000 Dune miniseries and its 2003 sequel. The character will be played by Timothée Chalamet in the upcoming Denis Villeneuve film Dune; the son of Duke Leto Atreides and the Lady Jessica, Paul is the heir of House Atreides, an aristocratic family that rules the planet Caladan. Jessica is an important key in the Bene Gesserit breeding program. According to the breeding program, she was to produce a daughter, who would be bred with Feyd-Rautha, a nephew of Baron Vladimir Harkonnen. However, Jessica grants him the son he desires. Although Paul is a boy, Jessica gives him some training in the Bene Gesserit ways, including enhanced observation and the Sisterhood's specialized martial art. Described as "small for his age", Paul has secretly undergone the early Mentat training, is schooled in weapon use by Gurney Halleck and Duncan Idaho. In Dune, Paul is fifteen years old. On Dune, the family is betrayed by Wellington Yueh.
He disables the House defensive shields, allowing the Imperial Sardaukar troops, dressed in Harkonnen uniforms, to capture Duke Leto and Hawat and to kill most of the Atreides army. Duncan ensures Paul's escape, his betrayal motivated by the Baron's capture and torture of his Bene Gesserit wife, Yueh implants a poisonous gas capsule concealed within a false tooth on Duke Leto after his capture and instructs Leto to use it to kill the Baron. Shortly afterward, the Baron has Yueh murdered. Upon meeting Baron Harkonnen and his twisted Mentat Piter De Vries, Leto bites down on the capsule, he succeeds in killing De Vries — and himself — but not the Baron. Fed a poison for which only the Baron has the antidote, Hawat is forced to serve as the new Harkonnen Mentat. With some help from Yueh and Jessica escape into the desert, they flee to the Fremen, who see in Paul the Lisan al-Gaib or "the Voice from the Outer World", a prophet they call the Mahdi whom they believe is "The One Who Will Lead Us to Paradise".
Paul and Jessica take shelter in Sietch Tabr, a Fremen settlement led by Stilgar. Paul and his mother train the Fremen in weapon martial arts, creating a formidable army; when Paul is accepted into the Fremen tribe, he is given the secret "sietch name" Usul, the Fremen word meaning "the base of the pillar." He chooses "Paul Muad ` Dib" as his common name of manhood. Muad'Dib is the name of the adapted kangaroo mouse of Arrakis, Stilgar relates that Paul's choice pleases the Fremen: Muad'Dib is wise in the ways of the desert. Muad'Dib creates his own water. Muad'Dib hides from the sun and travels in the cool night. Muad'Dib is fruitful and multiplies over the land. Muad'Dib we call'instructor-of-boys.' That is a powerful base on which to build your life, Paul Muad'Dib, Usul among us. Paul leads a Fremen campaign of resistance against Harkonnen rule, he and Chani, daughter of Liet-Kynes, take each other as mates and produce a son, named Leto in honor of Paul's father. Paul reunites with Gurney Halleck, who had sought refuge with smugglers after the Harkonnen attack.
In a bid to unlock his latent powers, Paul undergoes the process of spice agony via the consumption of the Water of Life. He survives and the ordeal gives him knowledge of his male and female ancestors. Awakening, Paul launches an attack on the Harkonnen and Imperial troops with his Fremen army, riding the enormous sandworms indigenous to the planet. In the attack, he learns, they win and Paul requests an audience with Shaddam IV. He threatens to destroy the spice melange, thus making transport between the planets impossible and destroying civilization. In return for preserving the spice, he requires the hand of the Emperor's daughter, the Bene Gesserit-trained Princess Irulan as well as the Emperor's abdication in favor of Paul. Urged by the Spacing