2006 Dunfermline and West Fife by-election
The Dunfermline and West Fife by-election, in Dunfermline and West Fife, was held on 9 February 2006 as the sitting Labour MP Rachel Squire had died on 6 January. The by-election was the first seat to change hands in the 2005 Parliament when Willie Rennie won the seat for the Liberal Democrats, a gain from Labour, by 1,800 votes; the BBC reported a swing from Labour to the Liberal Democrats of 16.24%. It was the first time Labour had lost a seat at a Westminster by-election in Scotland since the Scottish National Party won the Glasgow Govan by-election in 1988, the first time Labour has lost to the Liberal Democrats, or their predecessors the Liberal Party, in a Scottish Westminster by-election; the by-election took place in the middle of a leadership election in the Liberal Democrats and the party was perceived in the media to be declining in the polls as a result of negative publicity surrounding the resignation of former leader Charles Kennedy and revelations about the private lives of Mark Oaten and Simon Hughes.
The constituency of Dunfermline and West Fife was first created for the United Kingdom Parliament at the 2005 general election and saw a comfortable Labour win at that election. It was the second Westminster by-election in a Scottish constituency since the 2005 general election. In the Livingston by-election, 2005, Labour retained the seat with the Scottish National Party second but 2,680 votes behind; the Livingston constituency lies just across the Firth of Forth from the Dunfermline and West Fife constituency. The Courier reported on 23 January that leaked minutes of a meeting on 11 January at Westminster revealed that "senior Scottish Liberal Democrats do not believe their party has any chance of winning the Dunfermline and West Fife by-election", that "their aim is to beat the SNP rather than topple Labour"; this suggestion was backed up on 27 January by a poll in the Daily Telegraph that put the Lib Dems at 13% UK-wide, their worst position since the 2001 general election. The Sunday Herald reported on 29 January that they had "evidence of a high-level “fix” to select candidate", because "party bosses sent out a leaflet on behalf of Catherine Stihler’s campaign hours before she was selected to fight the seat."
This story followed earlier reports of a similar row over the selection of the Conservative and Unionist candidate: Fife Tory leader Stuart Randall’s claim that he was left off the shortlist for being "far too old and middle-aged to fit the bill". Randall, who stood as Conservative candidate against Gordon Brown in Dunfermline East at the 2001 and 2005 general elections and fought Dunfermline East at the 2003 Scottish Parliament election, was aged only 43. Local Conservative activists were reported to be furious that such a high-profile local figure was left off the shortlist of candidates for the by-election; the by-election electorate for the constituency was 72,225, a slight increase on the general election in May 2005. The constituency neighbours Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath, the seat of Gordon Brown, former Leader of the Labour Party and Prime Minister. Brown lives in the Dunfermline and West Fife constituency; the constituency is near to North East Fife, the constituency of Sir Menzies Campbell, former leader of the Liberal Democrats.
Prior to the election it was speculated that a poor showing for either party in the vicinity of Brown and/or Campbell's political bases could impact upon their chances of winning their respective parties' leaderships. The result of this Westminster by-election were seen as a litmus test of the parties' standing prior to the Scottish Parliament general election, 2007; the results of all by-elections in Scotland have been highly valued by psephologists and political commentators since the demise of the last regular, monthly Scottish voting-intention poll at the end of 2003. The result was notable as it came at a time when Labour's national opinion poll ratings were high. After the election the Liberal Democrats claimed that the results showed they were the challengers to the Labour Party and that the Conservatives had failed their first electoral test under their new leader. Elections in Scotland Politics of Scotland Campaign literature from the by-election "Labour MP dies after long illness" from BBC News Scottish Elections Between 1997 and present
Oakley is a village in Fife, Scotland located at the mutual border of Carnock and Culross parishes, Fife, 5.4 miles west of Dunfermline on the A907. The village was built in connection with the Forth or Oakley Iron-works, now all gone along with the colliery industry; the iron-works, which ceased production many years ago, had six furnaces, with stacks 180 feet high, the engine-house was built with walls to comprise 60 cubic feet of stone below the surface of the ground. Subsequent to the Iron Works the buildings were used as a sawmill producing rough timber for railway sleepers, fence posts and the like. Comrie Colliery closed in 1986, the village took many years to recover from this major employer's demise. Amenities include: 3 parks, one of, attached to the local community centre in the north of the village and has astroturf sports pitches available to the surrounding areas. Two burns merge in the Oakley and Comrie Burns, providing another scenic walking area; the Oakley Burn, which runs right through the middle of the village, splits Oakley in two.
There are adequate religious establishments. The church was built in 1956–58 for Roman Catholic miners who moved from Lanarkshire to work in the more prosperous coalfields of West Fife; the Oakley Parish church is a smaller church for those of Protestant denomination and is used for various activities aimed at all ages. The village is made up of a wide variety of housing with modern schemes in Comrie. There is a pub, The Greyhound Bar, in the centre of the village, a Social Club on the main A907. There is a small industrial estate to the north of the village, providing some employment around the area. To the south lies Inzievar House once visited by Jules Verne, now converted into flats. There is a thriving broad wood industry operated by Scottish Woods in the estate. There were two primary schools situated in Oakley, one Roman Catholic named Holy Name, the other Inzievar primary; however a new building has been built which houses the library and both schools. This building is now Oakley Campus.
Oakley Health Centre provides a wide and comprehensive programme of health care including a dental surgery, podiatry clinic, physiotherapy clinic, cardiology unit. The library is situated within the Oakley Campus. Information resources including community information and reference materials are available, as is access to the internet. Stagecoach run the services 74, 74a and 74b which run often from the new Dunfermline Bus station from around 5.30am until around 23.45 pm. Fife Place-name Data: Oakley
Douglas Chapman (Scottish politician)
Douglas Chapman is a Scottish National Party politician. He is a Member of Parliament for Dunfermline and West Fife having been elected in the 2015 general election, he is the SNP's Defence Procurement spokesperson. Chapman was born in Edinburgh in 1955, grew up in Livingston and West Calder, he attended West Calder High School and has lived in the Dunfermline area since 1990, serving as a councillor for Rosyth and North Queensferry ward on Fife Council for nine years before becoming an MP. At the 2010 general election Chapman contested the Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath seat, but was defeated by the Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown by over 23,000 votes. Five years in Dunfermline and West Fife, however, he took 50.3% of the overall vote with a 39.6% swing from his Labour predecessor Thomas Docherty. It was his third attempt to take the seat, having been defeated in 2005 and in a by-election in 2006, he retained his seat at the 2017 general election with a 35.5% share of the vote but a much reduced majority of only 844.
He is married with two children, supports Hibernian FC. Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present Voting record at Public Whip Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou Douglas Chapman on Twitter Profile on SNP website
Labour Party (UK)
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom, described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights; the Labour Party was founded in 1900, having grown out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the nineteenth century. It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s. Labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940-1945, after which Clement Attlee's Labour government established the National Health Service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951. Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, Labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979. In the 1990s Tony Blair took Labour closer to the centre as part of his "New Labour" project, which governed the UK under Blair and Gordon Brown from 1997 to 2010.
After Corbyn took over in 2015, the party has moved leftward. Labour is the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2017 general election; the Labour Party is the largest party in the Welsh Assembly, forming the main party in the current Welsh government. The party is the third largest in the Scottish Parliament. Labour is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance, holds observer status in the Socialist International, sits with the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament; the party includes semi-autonomous Scottish and Welsh branches and supports the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland. As of 2017, Labour had the largest membership of any party in Western Europe; the Labour Party originated in the late 19th century, meeting the demand for a new political party to represent the interests and needs of the urban working class, a demographic which had increased in number, many of whom only gained suffrage with the passage of the Representation of the People Act 1884.
Some members of the trades union movement became interested in moving into the political field, after further extensions of the voting franchise in 1867 and 1885, the Liberal Party endorsed some trade-union sponsored candidates. The first Lib–Lab candidate to stand was George Odger in the Southwark by-election of 1870. In addition, several small socialist groups had formed around this time, with the intention of linking the movement to political policies. Among these were the Independent Labour Party, the intellectual and middle-class Fabian Society, the Marxist Social Democratic Federation and the Scottish Labour Party. At the 1895 general election, the Independent Labour Party put up 28 candidates but won only 44,325 votes. Keir Hardie, the leader of the party, believed that to obtain success in parliamentary elections, it would be necessary to join with other left-wing groups. Hardie's roots as a lay preacher contributed to an ethos in the party which led to the comment by 1950s General Secretary Morgan Phillips that "Socialism in Britain owed more to Methodism than Marx".
In 1899, a Doncaster member of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, Thomas R. Steels, proposed in his union branch that the Trade Union Congress call a special conference to bring together all left-wing organisations and form them into a single body that would sponsor Parliamentary candidates; the motion was passed at all stages by the TUC, the proposed conference was held at the Memorial Hall on Farringdon Street on 26 and 27 February 1900. The meeting was attended by a broad spectrum of working-class and left-wing organisations—trades unions represented about one third of the membership of the TUC delegates. After a debate, the 129 delegates passed Hardie's motion to establish "a distinct Labour group in Parliament, who shall have their own whips, agree upon their policy, which must embrace a readiness to cooperate with any party which for the time being may be engaged in promoting legislation in the direct interests of labour." This created an association called the Labour Representation Committee, meant to co-ordinate attempts to support MPs sponsored by trade unions and represent the working-class population.
It had no single leader, in the absence of one, the Independent Labour Party nominee Ramsay MacDonald was elected as Secretary. He had the difficult task of keeping the various strands of opinions in the LRC united; the October 1900 "Khaki election" came too soon for the new party to campaign effectively. Only 15 candidatures were sponsored. Support for the LRC was boosted by the 1901 Taff Vale Case, a dispute between strikers and a railway company that ended with the union being ordered to pay £23,000 damages for a strike; the judgement made strikes illegal since employers could recoup the cost of lost business from the unions. The apparent acquiescence of the Conservative Government of Arthur Balfour to industrial and business interests intensified support for the LRC against a government that appeared to have little concern for the industrial proletariat and its problems. In the 1906 election, the LRC won 29 seats—helped by a secret 1903 pact between Ramsay MacDonald and Liberal Chief Whip Herbert Gladstone that aimed to avoid splitting the opposition vote between Labour and Liberal candidates in the interest of removing the Conservatives from office.
In their first meeting after the election the group's Members of Parliament decided to adop
The European Parliament is the only parliamentary institution of the European Union, directly elected by EU citizens aged 18 or older. Together with the Council of the European Union, which should not be confused with the European Council and the Council of Europe, it exercises the legislative function of the EU; the Parliament is composed of 751 members, that will become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world. It has been directly elected by the European citizens every five years and by universal suffrage since 1979. However, voter turnout at European Parliament elections has fallen consecutively at each election since that date, has been under 50% since 1999. Voter turnout in 2014 stood at 42.54% of all European voters. Although the European Parliament has legislative power, as does the Council, it does not formally possess legislative initiative, as most national parliaments of European Union member states do.
The Parliament is the "first institution" of the EU, shares equal legislative and budgetary powers with the Council. It has equal control over the EU budget; the European Commission, the executive body of the EU, is accountable to Parliament. In particular, Parliament elects the President of the Commission, approves the appointment of the Commission as a whole, it can subsequently force the Commission as a body to resign by adopting a motion of censure. The President of the European Parliament is Antonio Tajani, elected in January 2017, he presides over a multi-party chamber, the two largest groups being the Group of the European People's Party and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. The last union-wide elections were the 2014 elections; the European Parliament has three places of work -- Luxembourg City and Strasbourg. Luxembourg City is home to the administrative offices. Meetings of the whole Parliament take place in Brussels. Committee meetings are held in Brussels; the Parliament, like the other institutions, was not designed in its current form when it first met on 10 September 1952.
One of the oldest common institutions, it began as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. It was a consultative assembly of 78 appointed parliamentarians drawn from the national parliaments of member states, having no legislative powers; the change since its foundation was highlighted by Professor David Farrell of the University of Manchester: "For much of its life, the European Parliament could have been justly labelled a'multi-lingual talking shop'."Its development since its foundation shows how the European Union's structures have evolved without a clear "master plan". Some, such as Tom Reid of the Washington Post, said of the union: "nobody would have deliberately designed a government as complex and as redundant as the EU"; the Parliament's two seats, which have switched several times, are a result of various agreements or lack of agreements. Although most MEPs would prefer to be based just in Brussels, at John Major's 1992 Edinburgh summit, France engineered a treaty amendment to maintain Parliament's plenary seat permanently at Strasbourg.
The body was not mentioned in the original Schuman Declaration. It was assumed or hoped that difficulties with the British would be resolved to allow the Council of Europe's Assembly to perform the task. A separate Assembly was introduced during negotiations on the Treaty as an institution which would counterbalance and monitor the executive while providing democratic legitimacy; the wording of the ECSC Treaty demonstrated the leaders' desire for more than a normal consultative assembly by using the term "representatives of the people" and allowed for direct election. Its early importance was highlighted when the Assembly was given the task of drawing up the draft treaty to establish a European Political Community. By this document, the Ad Hoc Assembly was established on 13 September 1952 with extra members, but after the failure of the proposed European Defence Community the project was dropped. Despite this, the European Economic Community and Euratom were established in 1958 by the Treaties of Rome.
The Common Assembly was shared by all three communities and it renamed itself the European Parliamentary Assembly. The first meeting was held on 19 March 1958 having been set up in Luxembourg City, it elected Schuman as its president and on 13 May it rearranged itself to sit according to political ideology rather than nationality; this is seen as the birth of the modern European Parliament, with Parliament's 50 years celebrations being held in March 2008 rather than 2002. The three communities merged their remaining organs as the European Communities in 1967, the body's name was changed to the current "European Parliament" in 1962. In 1970 the Parliament was granted power over areas of the Communities' budget, which were expanded to the whole budget in 1975. Under the Rome Treaties, the Parliament should have become elected. However, the Council was required to agree a uni
Cairneyhill is a small village in West Fife, Scotland. It is 3 miles west of Dunfermline, on the A994, has a population of around 2,430; the village's architecture is a mix of modern suburban housing estates. Most residents work either locally or commute to Edinburgh, Stirling or Kirkcaldy; the village is located north and west of the A985, a major trunk road that provides fast travel by car or bus to the Kincardine Bridge, the M90 Motorway and the Queensferry Crossing/Forth Road Bridge. The Firth of Forth is located 1.5 miles south of Cairneyhill, 1 mile west of Crossford. Cairneyhill hosts a number of other amenities. There are two shops, a garden centre, a petrol station, a number of housing estates, a guest house, a local pub, a primary school, a Scout hall, a small industrial estate. There is a golf course, "The Forrester Park Resort," which has two restaurants and a driving range. There is a hairdressers; the name is unusual in that the village is not on any noticeable hill, is in fact about 3 miles south of the local landmark of Cairneil Hill.
Why a settlement some miles away should be named after the hill is difficult to understand - there are much closer settlements. Old maps before 1800 make little mention of the name, the area being marked as Pitdinny or Pitdinnie, still found in a local farm on the eastern edge, as well as an area of housing in the village; the village grew in the 18th century as a settlement for local weavers and was served by the parish church, built in 1752 and is still used today. This was a hotbed of dissenters and the village was a central point for the religious disputes in Scotland in the early 19th Century. There is a small bridge over the Torry Burn at the west end of the village known as the "Conscience Bridge"; this name arises from local legend, in which a murderer was caught and confessed to his crime on the bridge and hanged himself. The line of the road has been straightened and widened over the years, with only the original north parapet remaining, but the name of the bridge is carved into a plaque which can be seen by leaning over the wall.
Cairneyhill is served by Cairneyhill Primary School, which opened in its current location in July 1980 with 110 pupils, as of 2014 has 372 pupils. It has 11 classrooms over 2 buildings; the Headteacher is Fiona Hall. On 8 December, part of the school was destroyed by a fire. All of the pupils and staff were evacuated and there were no injuries. Cairneyhill is home to two youth football clubs Cairneyhill United F. C and Cairneyhill Athletic F. C; the former is captained by Cameron Scott, who led the team to victory in the 2013 Toorie Winters Cup in memory of his late Gran Mildred. Cairneyhill won the match 2-1 on penalties after a 3-3 draw in regulation time against their opponents, Kennoway United FC with penalty goals from Cameron Scott and Daniel Niven and penalty saves from goalkeeper Moray Waite winning the match for Cairneyhill; the Torry Burn runs through the village. There are seven bridges that cross four foot bridges and three road bridges. Area telephone code: 01383 Postal code: KY12 History of Cairneyhill Church View a map of Cairneyhill