Colosseum were a pioneering English progressive jazz-rock band, mixing blues and jazz-based improvisation. Colosseum, one of the first bands to fuse jazz, rock & blues were formed in Spring 1968 by drummer Jon Hiseman with tenor sax player Dick Heckstall-Smith, who had worked together in the New Jazz Orchestra and in The Graham Bond Organisation, where Hiseman had replaced Ginger Baker in 1966, they met up again early in 1968 when they both played in John Mayall's Bluesbreakers, during which time they played on the Bare Wires album. Childhood friend Dave Greenslade was recruited on organ, as was bass player Tony Reeves who had known both Hiseman and Greenslade since being teenage musicians in South East London; the band's line-up was completed, after lengthy auditions, by Jim Roche on guitar and James Litherland, although Roche only recorded one track before departing. Their first album, Those Who Are About to Die Salute You, which opened with the Bond composition "Walkin' in the Park", was released by the Philips' Fontana label in early 1969.
In March the same year they were invited to take part in Supershow, a two-day filmed jam session, along with Modern Jazz Quartet, Led Zeppelin, Jack Bruce, Roland Kirk Quartet, Eric Clapton, Stephen Stills, Juicy Lucy. Colosseum's second album in 1969, was Valentyne Suite, notable as the first release on Philip's newly launched Vertigo label, established to sign and develop artists that did not fit the main Philips' brand, the first label to sign heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath. For the third album, The Grass Is Greener, released only in the United States in 1970, Dave "Clem" Clempson replaced James Litherland. Louis Cennamo briefly replaced Tony Reeves on bass, but was replaced in turn by Mark Clarke within a month. Hiseman recruited vocalist Chris Farlowe to enable Clempson to concentrate on guitar; this lineup had partly recorded the 1970 album Daughter of Time. In March 1971, the band recorded concerts at the Big Apple Club in Brighton and at Manchester University. Hiseman was impressed with the atmosphere at the Manchester show, the band returned five days for a free concert, recorded.
The recordings were released as a live double album Colosseum Live in 1971. In October 1971 the original band broke up. After the band split, Jon Hiseman formed Tempest with bassist Mark Clarke. Chris Farlowe joined Atomic Rooster. Clem Clempson joined the hit group Humble Pie. Hiseman formed another group called Colosseum II in 1975, with a stronger orientation towards jazz-fusion rock, which featured guitarist Gary Moore and Don Airey on keyboards, they released three albums before disbanding in 1978. Colosseum reunited in 1994 with the same line-up as when they split in 1971. Colosseum reunited on 24 June 1994 at the Freiburg Zelt Musik Festival a few months they played a concert in Cologne on 28 October at E-Werk, recorded for a TV Special and released in 1995 as a CD and video, it was re-released in 2004 as a DVD. The rejuvenated band played a lengthy tour of German concerts. A second tour followed in 1997, to promote their new studio album "Bread and Circuses", they appeared at major festivals in 1998, 1999 and 2000.
In 2003 they toured on the back of "Tomorrow's Blues" CD, followed by gigs in England in 2004. Hiseman's wife, saxophonist Barbara Thompson, joined the band on various occasions before the death of Dick Heckstall-Smith in December 2004, before becoming a permanent member of the band. In 2005, there were three memorial concerts for Dick Heckstall-Smith, one in Hamburg Germany and two in England. On 24 September 2005 they performed in Moscow, followed by more concerts in 2006. In 2007, the returned to play more dates in Germany. Further tours of Europe were made in 2010. In October 2010, Jon Hiseman's biography, Playing the Band - The Musical Life of Jon Hiseman, was published. In November 2012, a Kindle version of Playing the Band was published. Colosseum played their "Summer 2011" tour of 22 gigs in Germany, Austria and Poland; the tour started in June and ended on 20 August in Germany, Rostock, at Bad Doberan "Zappanale" festival. According to the interview of the bandleader Jon Hiseman, Bad Doberan was the last concert of the band.
Their second'last' concert was in Poland, Slupsk, at "Legends of Rock" festival on 13 August 2011 and the third'last' concert in Finland, Äänekoski, at "Keitelejazz" festival on the 23 July 2011. These announcements were based on Barbara's worsening Parkinson's condition preventing her from playing. However, with the arrival of new medication, her ability to play was renewed, so those announcements proved to be premature and the band continued to record and play until 2015. More studio releases followed, as expanded editions of Valentyne Suite and Colosseum Live, several compilation sets of earlier work. From 2011 to 2014, Colosseum recorded their final album, titled "Time on our Side", released late in 2014, to coincide with their final flurry of dates in Germany and the UK; these included 24 concerts during 2014 in Central Europe, starting 23 October at Steinegg Festival, Italy. Followed by concerts in February 2015 before ending on 28 of that month at the Shepherd's Bush Empire, London. At all these concerts, Jon Hiseman confirmed from the stage that this tour would be Colosseum's last.
After 23 years, the band played what Jon referred to as'the last hurrah!' before a packed and appreciative audience at the Shepherd's Bush Empire, London on 28 February 2015. Special'guest' was Ana Gracey, the daughter of
British American Tobacco
British American Tobacco plc is a British multinational cigarette and tobacco manufacturing company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the largest publicly traded tobacco company in the world. BAT has operations in around 180 countries, its four largest-selling brands are its native brand Dunhill and US brands Lucky Strike and Pall Mall. Other brands that the company markets include Rothmans. BAT is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, it has secondary listings on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, the Nairobi Securities Exchange, the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange as well as the New York Stock Exchange. The company was formed in 1904, when the United Kingdom's Imperial Tobacco Company and the United States' American Tobacco Company agreed to form a joint venture, the British-American Tobacco Company Ltd; the parent companies agreed not to trade in each other's domestic territory and to assign trademarks, export businesses and overseas subsidiaries to the joint venture. James Buchanan Duke became company chairman and business was begun in countries as diverse as Canada, Germany, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia, but not in the United Kingdom or in the United States.
In China, BAT inherited a factory in the Pudong district of Shanghai from W. D. & H. O. Wills, one of the precursor companies of Imperial Tobacco. Under the management of James Augustus Thomas from Lawsonville, Rockingham County, USA, by 1919 the Shanghai factory was producing more than 243 million cigarettes per week. Thomas worked with the local Wing Tai Vo Tobacco Company, which developed into BAT's principal Chinese partner after its success with the "Ruby Queen" cigarette brand. In 1911, the American Tobacco Company sold its share of the company. Imperial Tobacco reduced its shareholding, but it was not until 1980 that it divested its remaining interests in the company. At its peak in 1937, BAT distributed 55 billion cigarettes in China; the company's assets were seized by the Japanese in 1941 following their 1937 invasion. In 1949 the company was ejected from China following the foundation of the People's Republic. In 1976 the group companies were reorganised under a new holding company, B.
A. T. Industries. In 1994 BAT acquired American Tobacco Company; this brought the Lucky Pall Mall brands into BAT's portfolio. In 1999 it merged with Rothmans International; this made it the target of criticism from human rights groups. It sold its share of the factory on 6 November 2003 after an "exceptional request" from the British government. In 2002, BAT lost a lawsuit about the right to sell cigarettes under the Marlboro brand name in the UK, it had acquired Rothmans, which had bought a licence to use the name from Philip Morris. Philip Morris' attorneys invoked a get-out clause for the case of a major change of ownership. In 2003, BAT acquired Ente Tabacchi Italiani S.p. A, Italy's state tobacco company; the important acquisition would elevate BAT to the number two position in Italy, the second largest tobacco market in the European Union. The scale of the enlarged operations would bring significant opportunities to compete and grow ETI's local brands and BAT's international brands. In August 2003, BAT acquired a 67.8% holding in the Serbian tobacco company Duvanska Industrija Vranje, allowing local manufacture of its brands, freeing them from import duties.
In the longer term, export opportunities are planned as neighbouring countries in south east Europe developed free trade agreements. In July 2004 the U. S. business of British American Tobacco was combined with that of R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, under the R. J. Reynolds name. R. J. Reynolds and Brown & Williamson were the second and third-ranking U. S. tobacco companies prior to the combination. When they combined, R. J. Reynolds became a subsidiary of Reynolds American, with BAT holding a 42% share. In January 2007, BAT closed its remaining UK production plant in Southampton with the loss of over 600 jobs. However, the global Research and Development operation and some financial functions will continue on the site. In 2008 BAT acquired Turkey's state-owned cigarette maker Tekel. In July 2008, BAT snus operations of the Scandinavian Tobacco Group. BAT acquired 60% of Indonesia's Bentoel Group in 2009 before increasing its stake to 100% the following year. In May 2011 BAT acquired the Colombian company Productora Tabacalera de Tabacos S.
A.. In October 2015 BAT acquired the Croatian tobacco company TDR d.o.o. Brands and Factory in Kanfanar. In October 2016, BAT offered to buy the remaining 57.8 percent of U. S. cigarette maker Reynolds American in a $47 billion takeover that would create the world's biggest listed tobacco company with brands including Newport, Lucky Strike and Pall Mall. In January 2017, Reynolds agreed to an increased $49.4 billion deal. The deal was completed in July 2017. In April 2017, the company announced the acquisition of a number of Bulgarian cigarette brands from Bulgartabac for more than €100 million. Recent financial performance has been as follows: The company offers an extensive range of brands: International Brands include Dunhill, North State Lucky Strike, Pall Mall, Rothmans International, State Express 555, KOOL, Viceroy. British American Tobacco does not own the rights to all of these brands in every nation they are marketed. Local brands owned by British American Tobacco include: Benson & Hedges, John Players Gold Leaf, State Express 555, Belmont (Colombia, Chile
James Joseph Croce was an American folk and rock singer-songwriter. Between 1966 and 1973, Croce released numerous singles, he was killed, along with five others, in a plane crash on September 20, 1973, at the height of his popularity. His first two albums were commercial flops, failing to chart or produce any hit singles, he took a series of odd jobs to pay bills while continuing to write and play gigs. After starting a partnership with songwriter and guitarist, Maury Muehleisen, his fortunes turned in the early 1970s, his breakthrough came in 1972. The followup album and Times contained the song "Bad, Bad Leroy Brown", the only No. 1 hit he had during his lifetime. The day before the lead single to his fourth album, I Got a Name, was released and Muehleisen were killed, his music continued to chart throughout the 1970s following his death. His wife, Ingrid Croce, was his early songwriting partner and she continued to write and record after his death, his son A. J. Croce himself became a singer-songwriter in the 1990s.
Croce was born in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to James Albert Croce and Flora Mary Croce, both Italian Americans. Croce grew up in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania just outside of Philadelphia and attended Upper Darby High School. Graduating in 1960, he studied at Malvern Preparatory School for a year before enrolling at Villanova University, where he majored in psychology and minored in German, he graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1965. Croce was a member of the Villanova Spires; when the Spires performed off-campus or made recordings, they were known as The Coventry Lads. Croce was a student disc jockey at WKVU. Croce did not take music until he studied at Villanova, where he formed bands and performed at fraternity parties, coffee houses, universities around Philadelphia, playing "anything that the people wanted to hear: blues, rock, a cappella, railroad music... anything." Croce's band was chosen for a foreign exchange tour of Africa, the Middle East, Yugoslavia. He said, "We just ate what the people ate, lived in the woods, played our songs.
Of course they didn't speak English over there but if you mean what you're singing, people understand." On November 29, 1963, Croce met his future wife Ingrid Jacobson at the Philadelphia Convention Hall during a hootenanny, where he was judging a contest. Croce released Facets, in 1966, with 500 copies pressed; the album had been financed with a $500 wedding gift from Croce's parents, who set a condition that the money must be spent to make an album. They hoped that he would give up music after the album failed, use his college education to pursue a "respectable" profession. However, the album proved a success, with every copy sold. From the mid-1960s to early 1970s, Croce performed with his wife as a duo. At first, their performances included songs by artists such as Ian & Sylvia, Gordon Lightfoot, Joan Baez, Arlo Guthrie, but in time they began writing their own music. During this time, Croce got his first long-term gig at a suburban bar and steakhouse in Lima, called The Riddle Paddock, his set list covered several genres, including blues, country and roll, folk.
Croce married his wife, Ingrid, in 1966, converted to Judaism, as his wife was Jewish. He and Ingrid were married in a traditional Jewish ceremony, he enlisted in the Army National Guard that same year to avoid being drafted and deployed to Vietnam, served on active duty for four months, leaving for duty a week after his honeymoon. Croce, not good with authority, had to go through basic training twice, he said he would be prepared if "there's a war where we have to defend ourselves with mops." In 1968, the Croces were encouraged by record producer Tommy West to move to New York City. The couple spent time in the Kingsbridge section of the Bronx and recorded their first album with Capitol Records. During the next two years, they drove more than 300,000 miles, playing small clubs and concerts on the college concert circuit promoting their album Jim & Ingrid Croce. Becoming disillusioned by the music business and New York City, they sold all but one guitar to pay the rent and returned to the Pennsylvania countryside, settling in an old farm in Lyndell, where playing for $25 a night was not enough money to live on, Croce was forced to take odd jobs such as driving trucks, construction work and teaching guitar to pay the bills while continuing to write songs about the characters he would meet at the local bars and truck stops and his experiences at work.
They returned to Philadelphia and Croce decided to be "serious" about becoming a productive member of society. "I'd worked construction crews, I'd been a welder while I was in college. But I'd rather do other things than get burned." His determination to be "serious" led to a job at a Philadelphia R&B AM radio station, WHAT, where he translated commercials into "soul." "I'd sell airtime to Bronco's Poolroom and write the spot: "You wanna be cool, you wanna shoot pool... dig it." In 1970, Croce met classically trained pianist-guitarist and singer-songwriter Maury Muehleisen from Trenton, New Jersey, through producer Joe Salviuolo. Salviuolo and Croce had been friends when they studied at Villanova University, Salviuolo had met Muehleisen when he was teaching at Glassboro State College in New Jersey. Salviuolo brought
Johnny Rivers is an American rock'n' roll singer, songwriter and record producer. His repertoire includes pop, folk and old-time rock'n' roll. Rivers charted during the 1960s and 1970s but remains best known for a string of hit singles between 1964 and 1968, among them "Memphis", "Mountain of Love", "The Seventh Son", "Secret Agent Man", "Poor Side of Town", "Baby I Need Your Lovin'", "Summer Rain". Rivers was born as John Henry Ramistella of Italian ancestry, his family moved from New York to Louisiana. Influenced by the distinctive Louisiana musical style, Rivers began playing guitar at age eight, taught by his father and uncle. While still in junior high school, he started sitting in with a band called the Rockets, led by Dick Holler, who wrote a number of hit songs, including "Abraham and John" and the novelty song, "Snoopy vs. the Red Baron". Ramistella formed his own band, the Spades, made his first record at 14, while he was a student at Baton Rouge High School; some of their music was recorded on the Suede label as early as 1956.
On a trip to New York City in 1958, Ramistella met Alan Freed, who advised him to change his name to "Johnny Rivers" after the Mississippi River, which flows through Baton Rouge. Freed helped Rivers gain several recording contracts on the Gone label. From March 1958 to March 1959, Johnny Rivers released three records. Rivers returned to Baton Rouge in 1959, began playing throughout the American South alongside comedian Brother Dave Gardner. One evening in Birmingham, Rivers met Hank Williams' first wife, she encouraged Rivers to move to Nashville, where he found work as a demo singer. Rivers worked alongside Roger Miller. By this time, Rivers had decided he would never make it as a singer, song writing became his priority. In 1958, Rivers met James Burton, a guitarist in a band led by Ricky Nelson. Burton recommended one of Rivers' songs, "I'll Make Believe", to Nelson who recorded it, they met in Los Angeles in 1961, where Rivers subsequently found work as a songwriter and studio musician. His big break came in 1963, when he filled in for a jazz combo at Gazzarri's, a nightclub in Hollywood, where his instant popularity drew large crowds.
In 1964, Elmer Valentine gave Rivers a one-year contract to open at the Whisky a Go Go, on Sunset Strip in West Hollywood. The Whisky had been in business just three days when the Beatles song "I Want to Hold Your Hand" entered the Billboard Hot 100; the subsequent British Invasion knocked every American artist off the top of the charts, but Rivers was so popular that record producer Lou Adler decided to issue Johnny Rivers Live at the Whisky A Go Go, which reached #12. Rivers recalled that his most requested live song was "Memphis", which reached #2 on the US Hit Parade in July 1964, it was awarded a gold disc. According to Elvis Presley's friend and employee, Alan Fortas, Presley played a test pressing of "Memphis" for Rivers that Presley had made but not released. Rivers was impressed and, much to Presley's chagrin, Rivers recorded and released it copying the arrangement. Rivers' version far outsold the Chuck Berry original from August 1959, which stalled at #87 in the US. Rivers continued to record live performances throughout 1964 and 1965, including Go-Go-style records with songs featuring folk music and blues rock influences including "Maybellene", after which came "Mountain of Love", "Midnight Special", "Seventh Son", plus Pete Seeger's" Where Have All the Flowers Gone?", all of which were hits.
In 1963, Rivers began working with writers P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri on a theme song for the American broadcast of a British television series Danger Man, starring Patrick McGoohan. At first Rivers balked at the idea but changed his mind; the American version of the show, titled Secret Agent, went on the air in the spring of 1965. The theme song was popular and created public demand for a longer single version. Rivers' recording of "Secret Agent Man" reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1966, it sold one million copies winning gold disc status. In 1966, Rivers began to record ballads, he produced several hits including his own "Poor Side of Town", which would be his biggest chart hit and his only #1 record. He started his own record company, Soul City Records which included the 5th Dimension, whose recordings of "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" and "Wedding Bell Blues" were #1 hits for the new label. In addition, Rivers is credited with giving songwriter Jimmy Webb a major break when the 5th Dimension recorded his song "Up, Up, Away".
Rivers recorded Webb's "By the Time I Get to Phoenix". It was covered by Glen Campbell. Rivers continued to record more hits covering other artists, including "Baby I Need Your Lovin'" released by the Four Tops, "The Tracks of My Tears" by the Miracles, both going Top 10 in 1967. In 1968, Rivers put out Realization, a #5 album that included the #14 pop chart single "Summer Rain", written by a former member of the Mugwumps, James Hendricks; the album included some of the psychedelic influences of the time and marked a change in Rivers' musical direction, with more introspective songs including "Look To Your Soul" and "Going Back to Big Sur". In the 1970s Rivers continued to record more songs and albums that were successes with music critics, but did not sell well. L. A. Reggae, reached the LP chart as a result
Imperial Records is an American record company and label started in 1947 by Lew Chudd and reactivated in 2006 by EMI, which owned the label and back catalogue at the time. Imperial is owned by Universal Music Group; when Imperial was founded in 1947, it concentrated on rhythm and blues and country music: Fats Domino, Frankie Ford, Ricky Nelson, Slim Whitman. In the UK Imperial was distributed by London Records. During the 1950s and'60s, Imperial released jazz albums by Sonny Criss, Charlie Mariano, Papa Celestin, Erskine Hawkins, Harold Land. Imperial bought Aladdin in 1960 and Minit Records in 1963, having distributed Minit since 1960. During the 1950s, Imperial was one of the primary labels issuing a vast quantity of R&B from New Orleans through their involvement with producer and writer Dave Bartholomew and in the 1960s with their distribution of Minit. In 1963, after Imperial lost Fats Domino and Ricky Nelson to rival record companies, Chudd sold the label to Liberty Records. Under Liberty's management, the label enjoyed success with Irma Thomas, Johnny Rivers, Jackie DeShannon, Classics IV, Cher.
During the British Invasion, Liberty licensed The Hollies, Billy J. Kramer, the Dakotas, the Swinging Blue Jeans from EMI. Recordings by the Bonzo Dog Band and Kim Fowley were issued in the U. S. by Imperial. By 1970 the label had become part of Liberty's merger with United Artists Records but was phased out shortly after, with its roster transferred to United Artists. EMI acquired the Imperial Records catalogue with its acquisition of UA Records in 1979; this is not the same Imperial Records in Japan or, a division of EMI. Throughout the 1990s, EMI released CD compilations of Imperial artists that featured the original Imperial labels. In June 2006, EMI re-activated the Imperial Records imprint and announced that it would be the urban music division of Caroline Distribution, part of Virgin Records, spearheaded by the urban music veteran Neil Levine; the first signing to the imprint was Raptivism Records. Fat Joe signed with Imperial Records. Imperial provides resources for developing urban artists with EMI's major labels, including Capitol Records and Virgin Records, which were merged into the Capitol Music Group in January 2007.
Universal Music Group acquired the Capitol Music Group as part of its acquisition of EMI's recorded music operations in 2012. Early 1950s to 1954: Blue label with "IMPERIAL" in script letters at the top.
Lester Louis Adler is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer, music executive, talent manager, film director, film producer, co-owner of the famous Roxy Theatre in West Hollywood, California. Adler has produced and developed a number of iconic musical artists, including Carole King, Jan & Dean, The Mamas & the Papas and The Grass Roots. King's Diamond-certified album Tapestry, produced by Adler, won the 1972 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, is considered one of the greatest rock & roll albums of all time. Adler was an executive producer of The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running theatrical film in history, he discovered and produced comedy albums and films for Cheech & Chong. In 2006, Adler was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his achievements in music, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2013 as the winner, alongside Quincy Jones, of the Ahmet Ertegun Award. Adler was born to a Jewish family, the son of Manny and Josephine Adler in Chicago, Illinois in 1933 and raised in the Boyle Heights section of Los Angeles, California.
His career in music began alongside Herb Alpert, of Jan & Dean. Adler and Alpert transitioned from managing into songwriting, composing the song "River Rock" in 1958 for Bob "Froggy" Landers and The Cough Drops, "Wonderful World" with Sam Cooke. In 1964, Adler founded Dunhill Records, he was President and chief record producer of the label from 1964 to 1967. During this time, Adler signed The Mamas & the Papas to Dunhill, producing six top-five hits for the group, including "California Dreamin'" and "Monday, Monday". Dunhill reached #1 on the pop charts with Barry McGuire's single "Eve of Destruction". Through additional efforts by co-producers and songwriting duo P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri, the label reached #8 on the pop charts with The Grass Roots single "Let's Live for Today". Capitalizing on Dunhill's success, Adler sold the label to ABC in 1967 and founded Ode Records, to which he signed Carole King, Cheech & Chong, Scott McKenzie, Peggy Lipton, others. Adler produced all of King's albums on Ode, which include four Gold, one Platinum, one Diamond certified albums by the RIAA.
King's second album for Ode, sold more than 25 million copies worldwide, is considered one of the greatest albums of all time. Adler's work on Tapestry garnered him two Grammy Awards in 1972: Record of the Year and Album of the Year. In addition to work with his own label's artists, Adler produced a number of live albums for Johnny Rivers. In June 1967, Adler helped to produce the Monterey International Pop Festival, as well as the film version, Monterey Pop. In 1975, Adler served as executive producer of the cult classic The Rocky Horror Picture Show. After seeing The Rocky Horror Show at a theater in London, Adler bought the American rights to the show, presented it live in Los Angeles, executive-produced the film version; the movie went on to become the longest-running theatrical film in history. In 1978, Adler directed the movie Up In starring Cheech & Chong; the movie remains a cult hit, in 2000 Adler recorded a commentary track along with Cheech Marin for the DVD release. His 1981 film and Gentlemen, The Fabulous Stains, did not make a large impact upon release but has enjoyed a long life on cable TV broadcasts.
In 1981, Adler executive produced the follow-up to The Rocky Horror Picture Show, Shock Treatment. Adler was produced several of her songs, they separated in 1966 but were not formally divorced until 1980. In 1973 he fathered Nic Adler, with actress Britt Ekland. In 1978 he fathered Cisco Adler, with then-girlfriend Phyllis Somer. Today, Adler is married to three decades his junior; the couple has four sons: Manny, Ike and Oscar. Adler can be seen sitting courtside next to Jack Nicholson at Los Angeles Lakers home games. Adler owns The Roxy Theatre with his son Nic, who operates the historic music venue on the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, California. Peter Fonda based his character Terry Valentine in The Limey on Adler. In 1976, Adler and his administrative assistant were kidnapped; the two men were released after $25,000 in ransom money was paid. Three suspects were arrested and sheriff's deputies recovered $14,900 of the ransom money. Two suspects were convicted and one suspect was sentenced to life in prison.
The following is a list of albums produced by Lou Adler: The following is a list of films produced and/or directed by Lou Adler: Monterey Pop - producer Brewster McCloud - producer The Rocky Horror Picture Show - executive producer Up in Smoke - director, producer Shock Treatment - executive producer Ladies and Gentlemen, The Fabulous Stains - director Murphy's Romance - music producer American Me - executive producer Cheech & Chong's Animated Movie - producer The Rocky Horror Picture Show: Let's Do the Time Warp Again - producer Lou Adler on IMDb Lou Adler at AllMusic Musicguide Bio "Lou Adler". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; the Pop Chronicles interviewed Adler on 1.1.1968. The Grass Roots Official Site