Dura-Europos spelled Dura-Europus, was a Hellenistic and Roman border city built on an escarpment 90 metres above the right bank of the Euphrates river. It is located in today's Syria. In 113 BC, Parthians conquered the city, held it, with one brief Roman intermission, until 165 AD. Under Parthian rule, it became an important provincial administrative center; the Romans decisively captured Dura-Europos in 165 AD and enlarged it as their easternmost stronghold in Mesopotamia, until it was captured by Sassanians after a siege in 256–57 AD. Its population was deported, after it was abandoned, it was covered by sand and mud and disappeared from sight. Dura-Europos is important for archaeological reasons; as it was abandoned after its conquest in 256–57 AD, nothing was built over it and no building programs obscured the architectonic features of the ancient city. Its location on the edge of empires made for a co-mingling of cultural traditions, much of, preserved under the city's ruins; some remarkable finds have been brought to light, including numerous temples, wall decorations, military equipment and dramatic evidence of the Sassanian siege.
It was looted and destroyed between 2011 and 2014 first by the Free Syrian Army and Al-Nusra Front, by the Islamic State during the Syrian Civil War. A fortress, it was founded in 303 BC with the name Dura by Seleucus I Nicator on the intersection of an east-west trade route and the trade route along the Euphrates. Dura controlled the river crossing on the route between his newly founded cities of Antioch and Seleucia on the Tigris, its rebuilding as a great city built after the Hippodamian model, with rectangular blocks defined by cross-streets ranged round a large central agora, was formally laid out in the 2nd century BC. The traditional view of Dura-Europos as a great caravan city is becoming nuanced by the discoveries of locally made manufactures and traces of close ties with Palmyra. Instead, Dura Europos owed its development to its role as a regional capital. In 113 BC, the Iranian Parthians conquered Dura-Europos, held it, with one brief intermission, until 165 AD, when it was taken by the Romans.
The Parthian period was a phase of expansion at Dura Europos—an expansion favored by abandonment of the town's military function. All the space enclosed by the walls became occupied, the installation of new inhabitants with Semitic and Iranian names alongside descendants of the original Macedonian colonists contributed to an increase in the population, a multicultural one, as inscriptions in Greek, Aramaic, Syriac, Palmyrene, Middle Persian and Safaitic testify. In the 1st century BC, it served as a frontier fortress of the Parthian Empire; the original architecture of Dura Europos was perfected during the Parthian period. This period was characterized by a progressive evolution of Greek concepts toward new formulas in which regional traditions Babylonian ones, played an increasing role; these innovations affected both domestic buildings. Although Iranian influence is difficult to find in the architecture of Dura Europos, in figurative art the influence of Parthian art is evident. In 114 AD, the Emperor Trajan occupied the city for a couple of years: the Third Cyrenaica legion erected a "Triumphal Arch" to the west of the Gate of Palmyra.
Upon the death of Trajan in 117, Rome relinquished Mesopotamia to the Parthians. Dura was retaken by the Roman army of Lucius Verus during the Roman–Parthian War of 161–166; the townspeople however retained considerable freedom as a regional headquarters for the section of the river between the Khabur and modern Abu Kemal. As historian Ross Burns states, in exchange the city's military role was abandoned, its population based on the Greek settler element, were outnumbered by people of Semitic stock and by the first century BC, the city was predominantly eastern in character. The Romans called the city with the name Dura Europus, because the local aristocracy was made of Macedonians descendants. Romans used the city as a starting point for the conquest of the territories of Osroene and as outpost for expeditions against the Parthian empire and their Tigris capital in 198 AD; the city was a border post of the Roman "Kingdom of Palmyra". In A. D. 194, Emperor Septimius Severus divided the province of Syria to limit the power of its rebellious governors.
As a result, Dura became part of the new province of Syria Coele. In its years, it attained the status of a Roman colonia, which, by the third century, was what James calls an “honorary title for an important town.” He suggests that the “Roman authorities wanted to present Dura as an important city of the Roman province.” Dura-Europos: Crossroad of Cultures, by Carly Silver The military importance of the site was confirmed after 209 AD: the northern part of the site was occupied by a Roman camp, isolated by a brick wall. Romans built the palace of the commander of the military region, on the edge of a cliff; the city has several sanctuaries beside the temples dedicated to the Greek gods. In 211 AD the emperor Septimius Severus granted the title of "Colonia" to Dura Europos. In 216 AD, a small amphitheater for soldiers was built in the military area, while the new synagogue, completed in 244 AD, a h
The Cișmigiu Gardens or Cișmigiu Park are a public park near the center of Bucharest, spanning areas on all sides of an artificial lake. The gardens' creation was an important moment in the history of Bucharest, they form the oldest and, at 16 hectares, the largest park in city's central area. The main entrance is in front of the City Hall; the southwestern corner of the park is adjacent to the Gheorghe Lazăr High School. The Rondul Român or Rotonda Scriitorilor is a circular alley which has stone busts of twelve important Romanian writers: Mihai Eminescu, Alexandru Odobescu, Titu Maiorescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, George Coșbuc, Ștefan Octavian Iosif, Ion Creangă, Alexandru Vlahuță, Duiliu Zamfirescu, Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Nicolae Bălcescu and Vasile Alecsandri. Monumentul Eroilor Francezi commemorates French soldiers who died fighting during the World War I Romanian Campaign. Made in Carrara marble the French monument was created by the Romanian sculptor Ion Jalea and was inaugurated at 25 October 1922.
The sculptural work Izvorul Sissi Stefanidi, was created by Ioan C. Dimitriu Bârlad, it depicts a mother, aggrieved by the death of her daughter, pouring water from a pitcher. Monumentul Eroilor Americani commemorates the 378 US soldiers who died in Romania during World War II; the granite sculpture is the work of the artist Remus Botarro and it was inaugurated in 2002 by the Romanian Government and the American Embassy in Bucharest. Other statues located in Cișmigiu are the one of journalist George Panu sculpted by Gheorghe Horvath and of writer and women's rights activist Maica Smara, sculpted by Mihai Onofrei; the park was built in 1847, at a time when Bucharest was the capital of Wallachia, on a site known as Lacul lui Dura neguțătorul, or as Dura. The pool it replaced was a popular site for fishing from as early as the 17th century, was inhabited by mallard colonies. A part of the present-day gardens was occupied by a vineyard, planted around a water source: the latter had been tapped during the bubonic plague epidemic of 1795, when the two sons of Prince Alexander Mourousis took refuge in the uninhabited zone.
The decision to replace the lake was taken in 1846, during a period of Imperial Russian administration introduced by Regulamentul Organic. It was based on an earlier proposal made by Russian governor Pavel Kiselyov in 1830, various small-scale works had first been undertaken in 1837; the initiative, countersigned by Prince Gheorghe Bibescu, was part of a series of major public works, the plan dates back to 1844. On 27 February 1845, the area passed into public ownership through a princely decree. In 1843, Bibescu had called on experts in horticulture and planning to join in the effort to restructure the city gardens, they were to become involved in redesigning Dura area: Meyer was responsible for setting up the new lanes, for planting new floral species, as well as for setting up a Romantic landscape with rocks leading down to the lake. The central lake was connected to the Dâmbovița River through a canal; the gardens were inaugurated on 23 September 1847, Meyer was appointed their administrator in 1848.
The word cișmigiu comes from Turkish: a Ceșme is a public fountain and a cișmigiu used to be the person responsible for building and maintaining public fountains. The name replaced older references to Dura, was coined by the public because, at the time, the administrator of Bucharest fountains was living on park grounds. Cișmigiu continued to be developed by Meyer long after its official inauguration: in 1870, the horticulturist laid out a plan to redesign the lanes, to introduce an artesian aquifer, to create a kiosk for an orchestra, he proposed to have gondolas carrying visitors over the lake. By 1851, new species of trees were brought in: chestnuts from Gorj County, walnuts from Dâmboviţa County, other plants from places such as Vienna and Brașov. At the same time, the lanes were reinforced with debris from the ruins of Curtea Nouă and Zlătari area. Works were completed despite Meyer's sudden death as a result of typhoid fever; the park was delimited after Bucharest became capital of the Romanian Kingdom: in 1871, Academiei Boulevard was extended to its western side, and, in 1890, under Mayor Pache Protopopescu, Elisabeta Boulevard was created on its southern side.
During the 1860s, Bucharest was visited by the socialist activist and philosopher Ferdinand Lassalle, who argued that "Cișmigiu exceeds by far anything Germany has to offer". In 1882, the gardens were fitted with electrical lighting. Seven years the Gheorghe Lazăr High School was built on its southwestern corner. During the late 19th and early 20th century, Cișmigiu became noted for housing the Thierry Restaurant, kept by a Frenchman, various amateur photographers who made affordable portraits; the building in front of the park was assigned to the City Hall during the communist regime. Meyer was succeeded in his office of garden administrator by other Germans: Ulrich Hoffman, Wilhelm Knechtel, Friedrich Rebhuhn, it was Rebhuhn who, after 1910, redesigned many parts of the
"Dura" is a single by Puerto Rican rapper Daddy Yankee from his upcoming studio album El Disco Duro. On January 18, 2018, El Cartel Records released "Dura" and its music video, directed by Carlos Pérez, filmed in Los Angeles and based on 1990s style and visuals; the song was written by Daddy Yankee, Juan Rivera, Luis Romero, Urbani Mota, was produced by Los Evo Jedis. A remix version featuring Becky G, Bad Bunny and Natti Natasha was released on April 27, 2018; the single has been described as an uptempo reggaeton track with reggae influences and lyrics about a good looking woman. Commercially, the song reached the top 10 of five others. In the United States, "Dura" peaked at number 43 on the Billboard Hot 100 and at number two on the Hot Latin Songs chart; the track garnered Daddy Yankee his first Latin Grammy Award for Best Urban Song at the 19th Latin Grammy Awards. "Dura" was written by Daddy Yankee, Juan Rivera Vázquez, Luis "Rome" Romero, Urbani Mota Cedeño, was produced by Puerto Rican production duo Los Evo Jedis, composed by DJ Urba and Rome, who had worked with Daddy Yankee on "Shaky Shaky".
On January 4, 2018, Suzette Fernandez of Billboard announced that Daddy Yankee's first single of 2018 would be "a new song called'Dura'", scheduled to be released on the same month. The following day, Daddy Yankee posted on his Instagram account that he was "putting the finishing touches to new single" and that "January will be interesting." According to Daddy Yankee, it is "an amusing song" that includes "reggae and old schools sounds, melts with the current musical influence." He wrote on an Instagram post that "the modern and the retro world collide on a song" and that it was inspired by his musical influences from the beginnings of his career. He stated that the track "harks back to the rhythm and nostalgia for music of the late 1980s and early 1990s, that essence of reggae that inspired reggaeton."Shortly after the release of the single, Daddy Yankee initiated a campaign on Instagram named #DuraChallenge, encouraging fans to film themselves dancing to the track. Puerto Rican newspaper Primera Hora reported that #DuraChallenge has inspired more than 82,000 Instagram videos as of March 6, 2018, starred by "aspiring dancers, top class models, people of the Third Age."
"Dura" is an uptempo reggaeton song with a length of three minutes and twenty seconds, uses 50s progression. Billboard's Marjua Estevez described the lyrics as "a tender-yet-thirsty ode to the girl Daddy's got his eyes on." She wrote about the song as "Daddy Yankee it old-school while singing praises to a love jones." Estevez clarified that the word "dura" refers to "a way of saying someone looks hot" in the context of the song. "Dura" was made available for digital download on January 18, 2018, by El Cartel Records under exclusive license to Universal Music Latin. Due to the song having been filtered on the Internet, Daddy Yankee was forced to release it ahead of schedule. Writing for Billboard, Suzette Fernandez described "Dura" as a track that "takes you back to the old reggaeton." An editor of The Straits Times stated that the song "returns to early reggaeton without the pop melodies that mega-stars such as Shakira, Enrique Iglesias or'Despacito' co-writer Luis Fonsi deployed to bring the genre to the Anglo pop world."
Writing for Cosmopolitan France, Loïse Delacotte described the song as having a "fast and nagging rhythm, viral choreography, a 90s-style pop music video, lyrics easy to memorize," and added that "you will love and hate it." In the United States, the single peaked at number two on the US Hot Latin Songs chart on March 10, 2018, becoming Daddy Yankee's 15th top five and 23rd top 10 title on the list. The song peaked at number 43 on the Billboard Hot 100 on May 15, 2018, becoming his ninth entry and fifth highest peak on the chart, it peaked at number one on the US Latin Digital Songs and Latin Airplay charts, at number three on the US Latin Streaming Songs chart. "Dura" was the second best-selling and third most-streamed Latin song of the first half of 2018, with 120,000 downloads sold and 198,437,000 audio and video streams. It was the third best-performing single of 2018 on the Hot Latin Songs chart, being the highest-ranking track of those released during that year. Internationally, the song topped the charts of Argentina, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Peru and Venezuela, reached the top 10 in Colombia, Costa Rica, the Netherlands, Uruguay.
It achieved moderate success in Austria, Canada, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Switzerland. It was the most played song in Latin America on the weeks ending on March 4, 2018, March 11, 2018, with 13,350 and 13,956 spins across the 18 countries and 700 Hispanic radio stations Monitor Latino measure, respectively; the music video for "Dura" was directed by Puerto Rican director Carlos Pérez. The filming took place in Los Angeles; the director had worked with Daddy Yankee on clips including "Gasolina", "Rompe", "Despacito". According to a press release by Spanish news agency EFE, the clip "tries to project over the top fashion images, an individualistic dance style and beautiful and sincere personalities." EFE stated that, as the video progresses, it "becomes a wake-up call for women to reclaim their space on the dance floor and within society itself." Daddy Yankee stated on an Instagram post that "we wanted to use the bright colors that predominated the 80s and early 90s. Alongside the stylist and the director we wanted to recreate that
Dura is a Palestinian city located eleven kilometers southwest of Hebron in the Hebron Governorate in the southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of over 28,268 in 2007; the current mayor is Sameer Al-Namoura. The city is identified with the biblical Adoraim, mentioned by Josephus; the modern Arabic name is a sound conversion from Hebrew. In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Syria. After the British Mandate, in the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Dura came under Jordanian rule. Dura was established as a municipality on January 1, 1967, five months before it came under Israeli occupation after the Six-Day War; the present-day name of Dura has been identified with ancient Adoraim or the Adora of 1 Macc.13.20 Mentioned as Adora by Apocrypha and by Josephus. A weak letter is lost in Hebrew to Arabic sound conversion, such as in the case of Adoraim to Dura. A loss of a first feeble letter is not uncommon and the form of Dora could be found as early as in several instances of Josephus writings.
The village was built on two hills: Dura al-‘Amaira and Dura al-Arjan reflecting dual grammatical number of Adoraim name, which could be a double village during antiquity. Dura is an ancient place, where old fragments of mosaics have been found; the settlement was mentioned in the Amarna letters as early as 14th century BC. in the Anastasi Papyrus and in the Shoshenq tablets. According to the biblical account, Adurim was fortified by Rehoboam, King of the United Monarchy of Israel and the King of the Kingdom of Judah, a son of Solomon and a grandson of David. Pharaoh Shoshenq conducted a military campaign into Canaan in 925 BC and lists the cities he conquered, number 19 in the list is associated with the biblical city of Judah; the Shoshenq's topographical list preserved in the main temple of Karnak provides "one of the strongest connections between the Bible and other ancient Near Eastern evidence". In the early 6th century BC the Babylonians attacked the Kingdom of Judah, the southern part of the country, from Adoraim near Hebron to Maresha and beyond, fell to the Edom.
Following the Alexander the Great's conquest, the village population of the ancient Palestine preserved their traditional way of life, however Jewish urban centers such as Adoraim exhibited a degree of hellenization. The settlement is mentioned in the Zenon Papyri in 259 BC as a "fortress city". In Adora, Simon Maccabeus stopped the advancing Diodotus Tryphon army in 142 BC. According to Josephus, John Hyrcanus captured the city after the death of Antiochus VII in 129 BC; the city inhabitants, who were alleged to have been of Esau's progeny, were forced to convert to Judaism during the reign of Hyrcanus, on the condition that they be allowed to remain in the country. It may have been the administrative center of the district of eastern Idumaea established by the Roman consul Aulus Gabinius, though other possibilities have been suggested. Mukaddasi, writing around 985 CE, noted that Palestine was famous for its vineyards and a type of raisin called Dūrī, said to be from Dura. According to Guy Le Strange, the city locality is in the Vale of Mamre mentioned in the story of The Twelve Spies who brought back to Moses large grapes of Eshkol as recorded in the Book of Numbers.
In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine. In 1596 it appeared, it had a population of 49 Muslim households. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including on wheat, olives, vines or fruit trees, goats or beehives. In 1834, Dura's inhabitants participated in an uprising against the Egyptian Ibrahim Pasha, who took over the area between 1831 and 1840; when Robinson visited in 1838, he described Dura as one of the largest villages in the area, the residence of the Sheikhs of Ibn Omar, who had ruled the area. In 1863 the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the place, noted that "Fragments of ancient columns, a good number of cut stones taken from old constructions and built up in the Arab houses, show the antiquity of the place. Two barracks have been built in this way. Above the door of one, a block forming the lintel was once ornamented with mouldings, now much mutilated. Close to the town is a celebrated wely in which lies a colossal sarcophagus, containing, it is said, the body of Noah."An Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that Dura had a population of 420, in 144 houses, though the population count included men, only.
In 1877 Lieutenant Kitchener had some boys publicly flogged in Dura following an incident when stones were thrown at a member of the Palestine Exploration Fund survey party. In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Dura as "A large and nourishing village on the flat slope of a hill, with open ground on the east for about a mile; this plain is cultivated with corn. To the north of Dura are a few olives, others on the south; the houses are of stone. South of the village are two Mukams with white domes. Near these there are rock-cut sepulchres; the place is well supplied from three springs on the east and one on the south." In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Dura was divided into Dura al-‘Amaira, with 2,565 inhabitants, Dura al-Arjan, with 3,269 inhabitants. The report of the 1931 census wrote that "the village in the Hebron sub-district known as Dura is a congeri
Dura al-Qar' or Dura al-Qari'a is a Palestinian town in the central West Bank, part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Dura al-Qar' had a population of 2,897 inhabitants in 2007; the town's total land area is 4,016 dunams, of which 2,891 dunams have been appropriated by Israel for the purpose of building a by-pass road. According to Dura al-Qar's village council, 142 families have been directly affected by the confiscations and 58% of the town's population depend on those lands as main sources of income. Dura el Qar' is located 6.6 kilometers north-east of Ramallah. It is bordered by Ein Yabrud to the east, Ein Siniya to the north, Jifna, Al-Jalazun Camp and Surda to the west, Al Bireh to the south. Potsherds from the Roman and Roman/Byzantine era have been found in the village. Potsherds from the early Ottoman era have been found here. In 1838, it was noted as Durah, in the Beni Harit district, north of Jerusalem. In 1863 Victor Guérin found the village to have 250 inhabitants.
He further described that old oaks shaded for ancient springs, which were used to irrigate the fields. Several houses in the village were built, at least in part, with ancient stones. An Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that the village had a population of 120, in 22 houses, though the population count included men, only. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Durah as "a small village on the side of a valley, with springs on the south, olives". In 1907, it was described as "a small, healthfully located Moslem village, its inhabitants have a good reputation for peaceful relations with the Jifna Christians. The Durah people raise many vegetables."In 1896 the population of Dura el-kara was estimated to be about 246 persons. In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Dura el Qare' had a population of 191, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 303, still all Muslims, in a total of 71 houses. In the 1945 statistics the population was 370, all Muslims, while the total land area was 4,166 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.
Of this, 1,762 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 1,253 for cereals, while 18 dunams were classified as built-up areas. In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Dura al-Qar' came under Jordanian rule; the Jordanian census of 1961 found 576 inhabitants in Dura Qar'. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Dura al-Qar' has been under Israeli occupation. After the 1995 accords, 23.3% of the village‟s total area has been defined as Area B land, while the remaining 76.7% is Area C. Israel has confiscated 680 dunum of village land for constructing the Israeli settlement of Beit El. On August 14, 1995, Kheir Abdel Hafid Qassem, a 24-year-old Palestinian man, was shot dead by an Israeli settler from Beit El, many people were arrested, while he and about a 100 other residents of Dura al-Qar' were attempting to drive away settlers by tearing down Israeli canvas shelters and cinder-block buildings outside of the village. Rabiha Diab Welcome To Dura al-Qari' Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons Dura el Qar’ Village, Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem Dura el Qar’ Village Profile, ARIJ Dura el Qar’ aerial photo, ARIJ Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Dura el Qar’ Village, ARIJ
Dora is a neighborhood in Al Rashid administrative district, southern Baghdad, Iraq. They started ethnic cleansing of the neighborhood in 2006–2007, driving out or forcing conversions and confiscating or attacking property. Hundreds of Assyrian Christian and Mandeans families have fled since late 2006, it became an al-Qaeda stronghold as affiliated foreign Islamic fighters entered the country after 2004. United States soldiers once called it "the most dangerous place in Iraq"; the area was uninhabited until the 1950s when Assyrians from Habbaniya started settling down in Baghdad. Most houses and churches were built during the 1960s and 1970s while the booming neighbourhood attracted more middle-class families. Prior to the Iraq War the area was home to the largest concentration of Assyrians and Mandeans as well as mixed Sunni and Shi'ite families. In the early morning of March 19, 2003, U. S. forces initiated the invasion of Iraq by attacking a "buried command post" believed to be occupied by Saddam Hussein and his sons Uday and Qusay.
In fact, the target did not exist. In April 2004 the 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division operating as motorized infantry was assigned the task of operations in the al-Dora neighborhood, it encountered al-Qaida-affiliated fighters and fought a pitched battle upon taking over control of this sector from 2-504 PIR, 82nd Airborne Division and 1-94 FA, DIVARTY, 1st Armored Division. The unit sustained four KIA during its ensuing counter insurgency operations there, but were able to stop al-Qaida control over the region until its departure in March 2005. In 2005, 1-184 IN Battalion, California National Guard, took responsibility of Dora; the 184th was attached to 4th BCT, 3ID. The battalion sector included such hot spots as Arab Jabour and Hora Jeb; the battalion struggled with such a large area of operations,a sector that the unit they replaced had all but stopped patrolling months before their arrival, yet was recognized for its accomplishments which included the highest arrest rate of insurgents of any unit during 2005, guarding polling sites for both elections in 2005, their execution of Operation Clean Sweep spoken of by President George Bush in his State of the Union address 2006.
The battalion commander was relieved of his command due to actions of soldiers under his command and replaced by LTC William Wood, an active LTC from 2 BCT, 3ID. COL Cardon, the 4th BCT commander sent CPT Michael McKinnon to assume command of Alpha Company 184th; the 184th Regiment was awarded the U. S. Army's Valorous Unit Award for their actions in Al-Dora; the 184th lost 18 soldiers in their 12 months in Al Dora. COL Cardon sent CPT Dave Anderson along with his armor company to take responsibility of the Arab Jabour sector. Both LTC Wood and CPT McKinnon would be killed by IEDs several months after arriving. Charlie 4-64 suffered several KIAs including 1SG Alan Gifford. CPT Anderson and many of his soldiers were wounded in action in their fight to contain al-Qa'ida fighters and Iraqi Sunni insurgents. Charlie Company 4-64 moved from FOB Falcon to establish and occupy OP Thorn in the heart of Arab Jabour. There they fought daily battles for several months against direct and indirect Sunni insurgent attacks.
The tank company held OP Thorn until relieved by the 2/506 IN, 101st Airborne in January 2006. The 506th was accompanied by Bravo Company 1-35th Armor out of 2nd BCT, 1 Armored Division in Baumholder, Germany from April-November 2006; the 506th could not cover the entire sector and it again fell into the hands of al-Qa'ida fighters. In 2009 the Battalion was awarded the U. S. Army's Valorous Unit award for its actions in al-Dora. By May 2007, Dora was receiving mainstream media attention as a hornet's nest of sectarian violence for Islamic anti-Christian violence. Christians were seen as ` soft targets' who would either leave Dora rather than retaliate. By 2010 Dora had become a predominantly Sunni neighbourhood with Assyrians being reduced to small enclaves. Further attacks in late 2010 forced more families to flee to more safe areas in- and outside Iraq. Hay Al-Sihah