Florida is a department of Uruguay. Its capital is Florida, it is located in the south of the central part of the country with Durazno Department to its north, the departments of Treinta y Tres and Lavalleja to its east, Canelones Department to its south and the departments of Flores and San José to its west. Florida Department was formed on 10 July 1856 from part of San José Department. In 1760 the first populated place in its territory started by creating a fortress, the Fortín del Pintado, in 1809 the "Villa de San Fernando de la Florida" was created. During the events of the Independence of Uruguay, a temporary government was set up in this town, on 25 August 1825, the Congreso de la Florida proclaimed the three fundamental laws of the new independent country. Most of the border of the department with Durazno Department in the north is formed by the Yí River, with many of its tributaries flowing in the north part of the department. From east to west, these are the streams: Arroyo del Pescado, Arroyo Molles del Pescado, Arroyo Illescas, Arroyo Sauce, Arroyo Mansavillagra, Arroyo Timote, Arroyo Molles del Timote, Arroyo de Castro, Arroyo Sarandí and Arroyo Sauce de Villaneuva, which forms the border near the city of Durazno.
The border follows Arroyo Batoví a tributary of Arroyo Maciel, the forming big part of the border of the department with Flores Department to the west and is itself a tributary of Yí River. Further south, separating the department from San José Department to the west, is the stream Arroyo de la Virgen, a tributary of Santa Lucia River; the forms the south border of the department, separating it from Canelones Department, with its tributaries flowing through the south part of the department. From east to west, these are: Arroyo Chamaré and Arroyo Casurá, both of which are part of the east border of the department, Arroyo Chamizo, Arroyo de Arias and the Santa Lucia Chico River, with Arroyo de Pintadito as its tributary. A dam in the course of the Santa Lucia Chico River near 25 de Mayo and Cardal forms the Paso de Severino Reservoir. Crossing the middle of the department from west to east and separating the streams of the north with those of the south, is the Cuchilla Grande Inferior hillrange, which joins the Cuchilla Grande hillrange in the east of the department.
As of the census of 2011, Florida Department had a population of 29,437 households. Demographic data for Florida Department in 2010: Population growth rate: 0.431% Birth Rate: 13.92 births/1,000 people Death Rate: 9.56 deaths/1,000 people Average age: 33.5 Life Expectancy at Birth: Total population: 77.43 years Male: 74.28 years Female: 80.91 years Average per household income: 21,978 pesos/month Urban per capita income: 9,039 pesos/month2010 Data Source: Rural populationAccording to the 2011 census, Florida department has a rural population of 9,101. List of populated places in Uruguay#Florida Department Detailed map of Florida Departmentshowing all populated placesand secondary roads. See full size version in Commons. Photo impressions of Florida Department INE map of Florida Department Nuestra Terra, Colección Los Departamentos, Vol.6 "Florida"
Río Negro (Uruguay)
The Río Negro is the most important river in Uruguay. It originates in the southern highlands of Brazil, just east of Bagé, flows west across the entire width of Uruguay to the Uruguay River; the course of the Río Negro across Uruguay divides the south of the country from the north. The Río Negro's principals tributaries are Tacuarembó River; the river is dammed near Paso de los Toros, creating the Rincón del Bonete Reservoir called the Gabriel Terra Reservoir or the Rio Negro Reservoir. With a surface area of about 420 square miles, it is the largest reservoir in Uruguay and an installed capacity of 160 MW. Downstream from the Rincón del Bonete Reservoir, there are two more dams, the Baygorria Dam and the Constitución Dam at Palmar, which generate hydroelectric power for Uruguay with 108 MW and 333 MW, respectively; the Río Negro's drainage basin size is about 69,700 square kilometres. There is a delta at its confluence with the Uruguay River with two main mouths. Yaguarí creek -bordered by Vizcaino and Lobos Islands- is the navigable entry to Negro River, may change water flow direction when the Uruguay is high while the southern mouth is wide but shallow.
Lago Rincón del Bonete 1959 flood in Uruguay Rio Negro at GEOnet Names Server
The Yí River is a river in Uruguay. The Yí and the Tacuarembó Rivers are the principal tributaries of the Río Negro; the Yí River originates in the Cuchilla Grande highlands. It flows west through central Uruguay to the Río Negro. Various other rivers, including the Porongos River and Chamangá River, are tributaries of the Yí River; the Yí forms much of the boundary between Florida Department. Subsequently, it forms part of the boundary between Durazno Department and Flores Department, where the Chamangá River its tributary. Geography of Uruguay#Topography and hydrography Porongos River#Fluvial system Chamangá River#Fluvial system
Antonio Alzamendi Casas is a Uruguayan footballer who played as a forward. His official debut was with the Uruguayan team Wanderers de Durazno. Alzamendi played for Uruguay at the 1986 and 1990 FIFA World Cups, scoring against West Germany in 1986, he played several years for River Plate of Argentina, winning both the Copa Libertadores de América and Intercontinental Cup in 1986. In July 2001 he was appointed as coach of the Australian National Soccer League team Canberra Cosmos; however his contract was terminated shortly after due to financial problems with the club. In 2008, he became the coach of Sport Ancash from Peru. Antonio Alzamendi at National-Football-Teams.com playerhistory
Blanquillo is a village in the Durazno Department of central Uruguay. The village is located on Route 43, about 32 kilometres north-northwest of its junction with Route 6; the railroad track that joins Florida with La Paloma pass through the town. On 17 November 1964, its status was elevated to "Pueblo" by the Act of Ley Nº 13.299. In 2011, it had a population of 1,084. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay INE map of Blanquillo
Trinidad is the capital city of Flores in southern Uruguay. The city is located on the intersection of Route 3 with Route 14; the stream Arroyo Sarandí, flows 4 kilometres west of the city, while the stream Arroyo Porongos flows 8 kilometres east of the city, both tributaries of the river Río Yí. Trinidad occupies an area of 5.5 square kilometres on an altitude of 134 metres above sea level. It was called "Porongos". To this day, the inhabitants of the city are referred to as either'trinitarios' or'porongueros'. Porongos was founded on 18 July 1805 by General José Gervasio Artigas, the Uruguayan independence leader, it had acquired the status of "Pueblo" before the Independence of Uruguay. It reached the status of "Villa" under the name "Villa de Porongos", it was renamed to "Villa de la Santísima Trinidad" and became capital of the newly created Department of Flores on 30 December 1885 by the Act of Ley Nº 1.854. Its naming reflects a less secular period in the country's history. In July 1903 it was renamed "Trinidad" and its status was elevated to "Ciudad" by the Act of Ley Nº 2.829.
In 2011, Trinidad had a population of 21,429. This makes Trinidad the largest city by far in the department of Flores. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay A nature reserve with a variety of flora and fauna is situated 3.5 kilometres west of the city, on Route 3. Nearby there are interesting prehistoric sites to visit: the Palace Cave and the rock paintings at Chamangá. Most Holy Trinity Parish Church Our Lady of Luján Parish Church Following a sizeable meeting in Trinidad in 2007, the'Vamos Uruguay' grouping within the Colorado Party was founded by Pedro Bordaberry Herrán, the front-running Presidential candidate of the Colorados for 2009. Following these beginnings in Trinidad, local chapters of the organization were subsequently established in many departments of Uruguay. Chory Castro, football player Porongos River#Name Flores Department#Fauna es:Arroyo Porongos es:Categoría:Poronguero Official site of Flores department INE map of Trinidad
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro