Robert Scott Jenks is an American professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball for the Chicago White Sox and Boston Red Sox from 2005 through 2011. According to the Baseball Almanac, his fastest pitch was clocked at 102 miles per hour on August 27, 2005, at Safeco Field, he threw a slider, a hard, sharp-breaking curveball. Jenks is third all-time in saves by a pitcher in a White Sox uniform. Jenks is a two-time All-Star who held the major league record for retiring consecutive batters. Jenks was not able to play with his teammates at Timberlake High School, in Spirit Lake, Idaho or Inglemoor High School in Kenmore, because of poor grades. Jenks did play his sophomore year of high school for Lakeland High School before Timberlake High School was opened in 1998. Since Jenks was ineligible to play the remaining years of his high school career due to poor academic performance, he played in the Prairie Cardinals American Legion program where he dominated as both a pitcher and hitter.
During his final season for the Prairie Cardinals, Jenks had 123 strikeouts in 92 innings pitched. Jenks was drafted by the Anaheim Angels in the fifth round of the 2000 Major League Baseball Draft. In one minor league game, the radar gun clocked his fastball at 100 mph. During his time with the Angels organization, Jenks spent much of his time on the disabled list because of elbow trouble. Jenks' career with the Angels ended when he was designated for assignment by the team in December 2004. Jenks was claimed off of waivers by the Chicago White Sox for $20,000 and was sent to the club's Double-A affiliate, the Birmingham Barons. Jenks was called up to the major leagues by the White Sox on July 5, 2005; the White Sox made it to the 2005 World Series, Jenks pitched in each of the Series' four games. The White Sox won the series, 4-0, over the Houston Astros, Jenks pitched a total of five innings and made the series' final pitch, he recorded saves in Games 1 and 4, had a blown save in Game 2, pitched scoreless 11th and 12th innings in the 14-inning Game 3.
Jenks and Adam Wainwright of the 2006 St. Louis Cardinals are the only rookie closers to earn a save in the clinching game of a World Series. In 2006, Jenks was selected to the American League All-Star team, for the season converted 41 out of 45 save opportunities. Jenks was again selected to the American League All-Star team in 2007. On September 25, 2007, Jenks was named as one of 10 finalist for the "DHL Presents the Major League Baseball Delivery Man of the Year Award". Jenks remains the only White Sox closer to record a save at the All-Star Game, pitching the ninth inning of the 2006 game in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 2007, Jenks pursued a record streak of retiring consecutive batters. On August 10, 2007, Jenks retired his 38th consecutive hitter, Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners, to tie the American League record for most consecutive batters retired in a row, set by David Wells between May 12, 1998, May 23, 1998 with the New York Yankees. On August 12, 2007, in a game against the Seattle Mariners, Jenks retired his 41st consecutive batter, the Mariners' Yuniesky Betancourt, tying the Major League record held by San Francisco Giants pitcher Jim Barr, set over two games on August 23, 1972, August 29, 1972.
On August 20, 2007, Jenks allowed a base hit by Kansas City Royals outfielder Joey Gathright, ending his streak of 41 consecutive batters retired. However, Jenks was still able to get a save during the game. Jenks' record is unique in. Wells' achievement bookended a perfect game that he pitched on May 17, 1998. Barr's achievement was spread across two games, neither of, a no-hitter. In contrast Jenks was perfect for 14 appearances over 27 days, his teammate Mark Buehrle broke the record for most consecutive batters retired on July 28, 2009 ending with 45 in a row. On January 19, 2009, Jenks signed a one-year $5.6 million contract. On December 2, 2010, the White Sox declined to tender him a contract and he became a free agent. After the 2010 season, Jenks signed a two-year, $12 million contract with the Boston Red Sox. Jenks struggled for much of 2011 with injuries, going on the disabled list three times during the season. On September 14, 2011 the Red Sox announced, he pitched in 19 games during the season, going 2-2 with an ERA of 6.32.
On December 12, Jenks had this time to remove bone spurs from his back. He was supposed to have only two removed. According to Jenks, Dr. Kirkham Wood, the head of Massachusetts General Hospital's orthopedic bone unit, started to remove a third bone spur and didn't finish it; the part Wood left in created a serrated edge that sliced Jenks' back open in two places, causing him to leak spinal fluid and triggering an infection in his spine. Jenks was forced to undergo emergency surgery on December 28, only two weeks after his first back procedure. Although his back was still sensitive from the first surgery, Jenks had no choice but to have emergency surgery right away. Otherwise, the infection could have gone all the way to his brain and killed him. Due to his muscles being "torn open," as he put it, Jenks was bedridden for seven weeks; the Red Sox placed Jenks on the 60-day disabled list, ruled him out for at least the first three months of the season. On July 3, 2012, he was released by the Red Sox.
On March 23, 2012, Jenks was arrested at 3:43 AM EST for DUI, property damage, hit-and-run. List of Major League Baseball all-time saves leaders Career statistics
Anthony Nomar Garciaparra is an American retired Major League Baseball player and current SportsNet LA analyst. After playing parts of nine seasons as an All-Star shortstop for the Boston Red Sox, he played third base and first base for the Chicago Cubs, Los Angeles Dodgers, the Oakland Athletics, he is one of 13 players in Major League history to hit two grand slams during a single game, the only player to achieve the feat at his home stadium. Garciaparra is a six-time All-Star, was the AL Rookie of the Year and AL Silver Slugger Award winner at shortstop in 1997. In 2001, he suffered a wrist injury, the first in a series of significant injuries that plagued the remainder of his career. Known for his ability to hit for average, Garciaparra is a lifetime.313 hitter. He had the highest single-season batting average by a right handed batter in the post-war era, batting.372 in 2000, was the first right handed batter to win the AL Batting Title in consecutive seasons since Joe DiMaggio, when he accomplished the feat in 1999 and 2000 Garciaparra, of Mexican-American descent, was born in Whittier and attended St. John Bosco High School in Bellflower, California.
His father Ramon is cited as a big help in his son's development as an athlete. When Nomar was a young boy, his father stressed the importance of not striking out, offering him 25 cents for each hit in tee ball, fining him 50 cents for every strikeout; when Nomar was 13, Ramon once put him in a batting cage against a college pitcher who could throw 90 miles per hour. Nomar's father encouraged him, after missing the first pitch, Nomar proceeded to hit solid line drives on the next two pitches; the Milwaukee Brewers selected Garciaparra in the fifth round of the 1991 draft, but he did not sign. Instead, he enrolled at the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he played college baseball for the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. Garciaparra helped the Yellow Jackets reach the College World Series title game in 1994. Garciaparra was an Atlantic Coast Conference All-Star and a first team All-American twice in 1993–94, he batted.427 in his final season at Georgia Tech. In 1993, he won a Cape Cod Baseball League championship with the Orleans Firebirds.
Following his career at Georgia Tech, Garciaparra was a first round draft pick of the Red Sox in 1994, entered the Red Sox farm system. He began his professional career in Class A Advanced, as a member of the Sarasota Red Sox following his NCAA season. Since the season was well underway by the point Garciaparra joined the team, he only appeared in 28 games, however, he batted.295 and hit his first professional home run, making for a successful debut at age 20 considering he had bypassed Rookie League, Short Season A ball, Class A by jumping straight into Class A Advanced. He walked more than he struck out, whiffing only 6 times in 105 at bats. In 1995, Garciaparra moved up to join the Double-A Trenton Thunder. In 125 games, he again walked more than he struck out, he showcased his speed, stealing 35 bases, continued gathering experience at shortstop. Nomar's body felt worn down and tired by his own admission, he had played the season at a low weight, by most standards, of just 155 pounds. But after the 1995 season, rather than go home, Garciaparra embarked on an ambitious offseason training reigmen to add 15 pounds of muscle.
In 1996, he found himself at the highest level of the minors playing for the Pawtucket Red Sox in Triple-A, though he did make a brief appearance in Rookie ball for the Gulf Coast League Red Sox in a rehab appearance. In Triple-A and with the added muscle, Garciaparra came into his own, batting.343 with 16 home runs and 46 RBI in just 43 games, earning a late season call up to the Major Leagues. At the time, Boston's starting shortstop was John Valentin, who finished ninth in MVP voting in 1995, but by late 1996, it was looking more and more inevitable that Nomar was the shortstop of the future. Garciaparra's talent was enough to displace Valentin, moved to second base. Garciaparra made his Major League debut on August 31, 1996, as a defensive replacement against Oakland, going 0-for-1, his first Major League hit was a home run off Oakland pitcher John Wasdin on September 1, a game in which Garciaparra recorded three hits. Garciaparra batted.241 with 4 home runs, 16 RBI, 5 stolen bases in his initial stint with the club at the end of 1996.
When he returned in 1997, Garciaparra set the league on fire in his rookie season. He hit 30 home runs among his 209 base hits, drove in 98 runs, setting a new MLB record for RBIs by a leadoff hitter and most homers by a rookie shortstop, he batted.306, his 30-game hitting streak set an A. L. rookie record. Garciaparra stole 22 bases, his 11 triples led the league, he was named Rookie of the Year in a unanimous vote, competed in the Home Run Derby as well as his first MLB All-Star Game, finished eighth in MVP voting, captured the Silver Slugger Award for AL Shortstop. He won the immediate admiration of Red Sox fans, who referred to him in Boston accents as "NO-mah!". His popularity in New England was reflected in the Saturday Night Live "The Boston Teens" sketches, where Jimmy Fallon's character Pat Sullivan always wore a Garciaparra T-shirt and would reference his admiration for him. Garciaparra appeared in one of the sketches, where he was introduced as the boyfriend of Sully's sister. In the spring of 1998, Garciaparra and the Red Sox signed a five-year contract worth $23.25 million.
The deal included two team options that, if e
Ramón Castro (catcher)
Ramón Abraham Castro is a former professional baseball catcher, who played in Major League Baseball for the Florida Marlins, New York Mets and Chicago White Sox. On June 2 1994 Castro was selected by the Houston Astros in the first round of the Major League Baseball draft, becoming the first Puerto Rican to be drafted in the first round. After this, seven more Puerto Ricans entered the first round's top ten, but most graduated from high school or colleges that offered them scholarships in the United States, he remained the highest-selected player drafted directly from a Puerto Rico high school until 2012, when Carlos Correa became the first overall pick. He was traded to the Florida Marlins in 1998 for relief pitcher Jay Powell. Castro made his major league debut on August 1999 in a game against the Houston Astros, he spent 1999 and 2000 competing with Mike Redmond for playing time and, when Charles Johnson arrived in Florida, Castro spent most of the 2001 season in the minor leagues. In 2002, he was back in the majors but as a third option and, in 2003, he played behind Iván Rodríguez as the Marlins won the 2003 World Series.
However, Castro did not appear in the series. In 2004 Rodríguez was gone, giving Castro his first opportunity as a starter but a.135 batting average and an early-June season-ending injury finished his time in Florida. Paul Lo Duca finished out the Marlins' catching duties for 2004; the Marlins released Castro in October 2004. Castro is known as a good defensive catcher, despite showing occasional home run power has never displayed sufficient hitting skills to win a job as a starter, along with struggling with injuries throughout his career. While never hitting for a superior average, his hits are well-timed. In December 2004, Castro signed with the New York Mets. In 2005, he was backup catcher to Mike Piazza, with 41 RBIs in 209 at-bats, a career-best.244 batting average, playing solid defense. When Piazza became a free agent after the season, it looked like Castro might again get a chance to be a starter, but the Mets traded for Paul Lo Duca who had replaced Castro in Florida. Injuries further reduced his role in 2006.
When Lo Duca left after the 2007 season, many fans called for Castro to start, but the job instead went to newcomer Brian Schneider. It was most due to his injury-riddled career, which became evident once more when he strained his hamstring late in spring training that year, missing the beginning of the season. On May 29, 2009, Ramon was traded to the Chicago White Sox for pitcher Lance Broadway after Omir Santos won the backup job with the return of Brian Schneider from the DL. On July 23, 2009, Castro became the 17th backstop in Major League Baseball history to catch a perfect game, receiving Mark Buehrle's second no-hitter, it was his first time catching for Buehrle, who stated afterwards that he did not shake off Castro at any time during the game. On January 12, 2010, Castro re-signed with the Chicago White Sox on a 1-year $800,000 contract with a club option for 2011, he played in 37 games in 2010 and 23 games in 2011. After not playing in 2012, Castro signed a minor league contract with the Los Angeles Dodgers in January 2013.
He was released on March 18, 2013. Castro signed with the Long Island Ducks of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball. Castro signed a contract to play with Telemarket Rimini of Italian Baseball League during the 2013 season. Ramon Castro was raised in Sabana Puerto Rico. Since he was little he loved playing baseball. In high school he was the first Puerto Rican to be drafted by the Houston Astros, he married Brenda Castro. They have two daughters: Mairym, Nathalie, Miosoty and he has another daughter by a different mother, Isabella They are living in Miramar, Florida. Castro was arrested in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania on August 29, 2003, on charges of rape, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, indecent assault, sexual assault and unlawful restraint, after a 28-year-old woman accused him of assaulting her in his hotel room at the Westin Convention Center Hotel the prior evening; the woman claimed that she had met Castro at a bar the prior evening, that she and another couple went to Castro's room for drinks, that after the other couple left, Castro held her down on the bed, forcibly removed her clothes, continued to pursue sexual activity after she told him to stop.
She went to the hospital on the morning of the 29th, was treated for scratches to her neck and chest. Castro was released on $25,000 bond, on August 30 he issued a statement in which he claimed to be innocent. On November 29, 2004, Castro entered a no-contest plea to one charge of indecent assault, a second-degree misdemeanor, as part of a plea bargain which involved all other charges being dropped. Castro issued an apology to his wife, his family, the victim, was sentenced to one year of probation. List of Major League Baseball players from Puerto Rico Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference
St. Louis Cardinals
The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri; the Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League Central division. Busch Stadium has been their home ballpark since 2006. One of the most successful franchises in baseball history, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, the second-most in Major League Baseball and the most in the National League, their 19 National League pennants rank third in NL history. In addition, St. Louis has won 13 division titles in the Central divisions. While still in the old American Association, named as the St. Louis Browns, the team won four AA league championships, qualifying them to play in the professional baseball championship tournament of that era, they tied in 1885 and won outright in 1886 and lost in 1888 for the early trophy Hall Cup versus the New York Giants. The others both times against the Chicago Cubs, in the first meetings of the Cardinals–Cubs rivalry between nearby cities of St. Louis and Chicago that continues to this day.
With origins as one of the early professional baseball clubs in St. Louis and the nation, entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased a barnstorming club in 1881 known as the Brown Stockings, established them as charter members of the old American Association base ball league which played 1882 to 1891, the following season. Upon the discontinuation of the AA, St. Louis joined the continuing National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs known as the National League, in 1892. Cardinals achievements that have impacted MLB and sports events in general include manager/owner Branch Rickey's pioneering of the farm system, Rogers Hornsby's two batting Triple Crowns, Dizzy Dean's 30-win season in 1934, Stan Musial's 17 MLB and 29 NL records, Bob Gibson's 1.12 earned run average in 1968, Whitey Herzog's Whiteyball, Mark McGwire breaking the single-season home run record in 1998, the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks. The Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four different seasons and won 100 or more a total of nine times.
Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, Bruce Sutter. In 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, making them the 7th-most valuable franchise in MLB. Since their purchase in 1995, owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group has seen enormous growth from the $147 million purchase price. John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the general manager and Mike Shildt is the manager; the Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they see attendances among the league's highest, are among the Top 3 in MLB in local television ratings. Professional baseball began in St. Louis with the inception of the Brown Stockings in the National Association in 1875; the NA folded following that season, the next season, St. Louis joined the National League as a charter member, finishing in third place at 45-19.
George Bradley hurled the first no-hitter in Major League history. The NL expelled St. Louis from the league after 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal and the team went bankrupt. Without a league, they continued play as a semi-professional barnstorming team through 1881; the magnitudes of the reorganizations following the 1877 and 1881 seasons are such that the 1875–1877 and 1878–1881 Brown Stockings teams are not considered to share continuity as a franchise with the current St. Louis Cardinals. For the 1882 season, Chris von der Ahe purchased the team, reorganized it, made it a founding member of the American Association, a league to rival the NL. 1882 is considered to be the first year existence of the St. Louis Cardinals; the next season, St. Louis shortened their name to the Browns. Soon thereafter they became the dominant team in the AA, as manager Charlie Comiskey guided St. Louis to four pennants in a row from 1885 to 1888. Pitcher and outfielder Bob Caruthers led the league in ERA and wins in 1885 and finished in the top six in both in each of the following two seasons.
He led the AA in OBP and OPS in 1886 and finished fourth in batting average in 1886 and fifth in 1887. Outfielder Tip O'Neill won the first batting triple crown in franchise history in 1887 and the only one in AA history. By winning the pennant, the Browns played the NL pennant winner in a predecessor of the World Series; the Browns twice met the Chicago White Stockings – the Chicago Cubs prototype – tying one in a heated dispute and winning the other, thus spurring the vigorous St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that ensues to this day. During the franchise's ten seasons in the AA, they compiled an all-time league-high of 780 wins and.639 winning percentage. They lost just 432 contests while tying 21 others; the AA went bankrupt after the 1891 season and the Browns transferred to the National League. This time, the club entered an era of stark futility. Between 1892 and 1919, St. Louis managed just five winning seasons, finis
Chicago White Sox
The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois. The White Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League Central division; the White Sox are owned by Jerry Reinsdorf, play their home games at Guaranteed Rate Field, located on the city's South Side. They are one of two major league clubs in Chicago. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the franchise was established as a major league baseball club in 1901; the club was called the Chicago White Stockings, but this was soon shortened to Chicago White Sox. The team played home games at South Side Park before moving to Comiskey Park in 1910, where they played until Guaranteed Rate Field opened in 1991; the White Sox won the 1906 World Series with a defense-oriented team dubbed "the Hitless Wonders", the 1917 World Series led by Eddie Cicotte, Eddie Collins, Shoeless Joe Jackson. The 1919 World Series was marred by the Black Sox Scandal, in which several members of the White Sox were accused of conspiring with gamblers to fix games.
In response, Major League Baseball's new Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned the players from Major League Baseball for life. In 1959, led by Early Wynn, Nellie Fox, Luis Aparicio and manager Al López, the White Sox won the American League pennant, they won the AL pennant in 2005, went on to win the World Series, led by World Series MVP Jermaine Dye, Paul Konerko, Mark Buehrle, catcher A. J. Pierzynski, the first Latino manager to win the World Series, Ozzie Guillén. For 1901-2018, the White Sox have an overall record of 9211-9126; the White Sox originated as the Sioux City Cornhuskers of the Western League, a minor league under the parameters of the National Agreement with the National League. In 1894, Charles Comiskey bought the Cornhuskers and moved them to St. Paul, where they became the St. Paul Saints. In 1900, with the approval of Western League president Ban Johnson, Charles Comiskey moved the Saints into his hometown neighborhood of Armour Square, where they became known as the White Stockings, the former name of Chicago's National League team, the Orphans.
In 1901, the Western League broke the National Agreement and became the new major league American League. The first season in the American League ended with a White Stockings championship. However, that would be the end of the season as the World Series did not begin until 1903; the franchise, now known as the Chicago White Sox, made its first World Series appearance in 1906, beating the crosstown Cubs in six games. The White Sox would win a third pennant and second World Series in 1917, beating the New York Giants in six games with help from stars Eddie Cicotte and "Shoeless" Joe Jackson; the Sox were favored in the 1919 World Series, but lost to the Cincinnati Reds in 8 games. Huge bets on the Reds fueled speculation. A criminal investigation went on in the 1920 season, though all players were acquitted, commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned eight of the White Sox players for life, in what was known as the Black Sox Scandal; this set the franchise back. The White Sox did not finish in the upper half of the American League again until after club founder Charles Comiskey died and passed ownership of the club to his son, J. Louis Comiskey.
They finished in the upper half most years between 1936–1946 under the leadership of manager Jimmy Dykes, with star shortstop Luke Appling, known as Ol' Aches and Pains, pitcher Ted Lyons. Appling and Lyons have their numbers 16 retired. After J. Louis Comiskey died in 1939, ownership of the club was passed down to his widow, Grace Comiskey; the club was passed down to Grace's children Dorothy and Chuck in 1956, with Dorothy selling a majority share to a group led by Bill Veeck after the 1958 season. Veeck was notorious for his promotional stunts, attracting fans to Comiskey Park with the new "exploding scoreboard" and outfield shower. In 1961, Arthur Allyn, Jr. owned the club before selling to his brother John Allyn. From 1951 to 1967, the White Sox had their longest period of sustained success, scoring a winning record for 17 straight seasons. Known as the "Go-Go White Sox" for their tendency to focus on speed and getting on base versus power hitting, they featured stars such as Minnie Miñoso, Nellie Fox, Luis Aparicio, Billy Pierce, Sherm Lollar.
From 1957 to 1965, the Sox were managed by Al López. The Sox finished in the upper half of the American League in eight of his nine seasons, including six years in the top two of the league. In 1959, the White Sox ended the New York Yankees dominance over the American League, won their first pennant since the ill-fated 1919 campaign. Despite winning game one of the 1959 World Series 11-0, they fell to the Los Angeles Dodgers in six games; the late 1960s and 70s were a tumultuous time for the Sox, as they struggled to win games and attract fans. Allyn and Bud Selig agreed to a handshake deal that would give Selig control of the club and move them to Milwaukee. Selig instead bought the Seattle Pilots and moved them to Milwaukee, putting enormous pressure on the American League to place a team in Seattle. A plan was in place for the Sox to move to Seattle and for Charlie Finley to move his Oakland A's to Chicago. However, Chicago had a renewed interest in the Sox after the 1972 season, the American League instead added the expansion Seattle Mariners.
The 1972 White Sox were one of the lone successful sea
2001 Major League Baseball season
The 2001 Major League Baseball season, the first of the 21st century, finished with the Arizona Diamondbacks defeating the New York Yankees in seven games, for the 2001 World Series. The September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, D. C. pushed the end of the regular-season from September 30 to October 7. Because of the tragedy, the World Series was not completed until November 4; the 2001 World Series was the first World Series to end in November. This season was memorable for the Seattle Mariners equaling the Major League regular season record of 116 wins, Barry Bonds breaking Mark McGwire's single-season home run record, baseball's patriotic return after a week's worth of games being postponed due to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. ±hosted the MLB All Star Game Hank Aaron Award: Alex Rodriguez. Roberto Clemente Award: Curt Schilling. Rolaids Relief Man Award: Mariano Rivera. All-Star Game, July 10 at Safeco Field: American League, 4–1.
Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the Red Sox have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of any MLB team, they have played in 13. Their most recent appearance and win was in 2018. In addition, they won the 1904 American League pennant, but were not able to defend their 1903 World Series championship when the New York Giants refused to participate in the 1904 World Series. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912; the "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, circa 1908, following the lead of previous teams, known as the "Boston Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918.
However, they went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged inception due to the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2018 World Series, they became the first team to win four World Series trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004, 2007, 2013 and 2018. Red Sox history has been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports; the Boston Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which owns Liverpool F.
C. of the Premier League in England. The Red Sox are one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park prevents them from leading in overall attendance. From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games for a major professional sports record. Both Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline", The Standells's "Dirty Water" have become anthems for the Red Sox; the name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning in 1908. Sox had been adopted for the Chicago White Sox by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type did not fit in a column. The team name "Red Sox" had been used as early as 1888 by a'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia; the Spanish language media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox"; the Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players.
Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston businessman Ivers Whitney Adams to organize a new team in Boston, he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along; the Boston Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was reserved for them once again, the Boston team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912. In 1901, the upstart American League established a competing club in Boston. For seven seasons, the AL team had no official nickname, they were "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons". Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American."
Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets", "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites"", "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was used, if at all, during the team's early years. The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam, sung at the 1907 home opener; this nickname was used during that season because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League club in Boston, though called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the Nat