Pieter "Piet" Schrijvers is a professional Dutch football manager and former player, who played as a goalkeeper. At international level, he was a member of the Netherlands squads which finished runner up in both the 1974 and 1978 FIFA World Cups. At club level, he spent nine years with AFC Ajax, winning two KNVB Cups. Piet Schrijvers at National-Football-Teams.com
Edward Jeroen Sturing is a Dutch football manager and former player. He earned three caps for the Netherlands national football team. Sturing played for De Graafschap, Vitesse Arnhem, with whom he won the Eerste Divisie championship, he was voted best player of the Eredivisie of the season 1999–90. After his playing career, Sturing worked at Vitesse as assistant manager. From June 2009 until February 2010, he served as manager of FC Volendam, he became Assistant at Gençlerbirliği SK and Kayseri Erciyesspor from 2012 to 2014, before returning to Vitesse, where he was once again an Assistant Manager. The North Stand at Vitesse's GelreDome was named in his honour in 2016. Club SBV Vitesse Eerste Divisie: 1988–1989 KNVB Cup Runner-up: 1990 Club SBV Vitesse KNVB Cup: 2016–17 Johan Cruyff Shield Runner-up: 2017 Eredivisie European Competition Playoff: 2018 Golden Boot: 1989-90 Profile Edward Sturing at Wereld van Oranje
Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax known as AFC Ajax, Ajax Amsterdam or Ajax, is a Dutch professional football club based in Amsterdam, that plays in the Eredivisie, the top tier in Dutch football. Ajax has been the most successful club in the Netherlands, with 33 Eredivisie titles and 18 KNVB Cups, it has continuously played in the Eredivisie, since its inception in 1956 and, along with Feyenoord and PSV, it is one of the country's "big three" clubs that have dominated that competition. Ajax has been one of the most successful clubs in the world. According to the IFFHS, Ajax were the seventh-most successful European club of the 20th century and The World's Club Team of the Year in 1992. According to German magazine Kicker, Ajax were the second-most successful European club of the 20th century; the club is one of the five teams that has earned the right to keep the European Cup and to wear a multiple-winner badge. In 1972, they completed the continental treble by winning the Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, the European Cup.
It won the first organized UEFA Super Cup in 1972 against Glasgow Rangers. Ajax's last international trophies were the 1995 Intercontinental Cup, 1995 UEFA Super Cup and the 1995 Champions League, where they defeated Milan in the final. In 1995, Ajax was crowned as World Team of the Year by World Soccer magazine. Ajax is one of four teams to win the continental treble and the Intercontinental Cup or Club World Cup in the same season/calendar year. Ajax, Bayern Munich and Manchester United are the five clubs to have won all three major UEFA club competitions, they have won the Intercontinental Cup twice, the 1991–92 UEFA Cup, as well as the Karl Rappan Cup, a predecessor of the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1962. Ajax plays at the Johan Cruyff Arena, which opened as the Amsterdam ArenA in 1996 and was renamed in 2018, they played at De Meer Stadion and the Amsterdam Olympic Stadium. Ajax was founded in Amsterdam on 18 March 1900; the club achieved promotion to the highest level of Dutch football in 1911 and had its first major success in 1917, winning the KNVB Beker, the Netherlands' national cup.
The following season, Ajax became national champion for the first time. The club defended its title in 1918–19, becoming the only team to achieve an unbeaten season in the Netherlands Football League Championship. Throughout the 1920s, Ajax was a strong regional power, winning the Eerste Klasse West division in 1921, 1927 and 1928, but could not maintain its success at national level; this changed in the 1930s, with the club winning five national championships, making it the most successful Dutch team of the decade. Ajax won its second KNVB Cup in 1942–43, an eighth Dutch title in 1946–47, the last season the club was managed by Englishman Jack Reynolds, who, up to this point, had overseen all of its national championship successes as well as its 1917 KNVB Cup win. In 1956, the first season of the Netherlands' new professional league, the Eredivisie, was played with Ajax participating as a founding member; the Amsterdam club became the first national champions under the new format and made its debut in the European Champion Clubs' Cup the following year, losing to Hungarian champions Vasas SC 6–2 on aggregate at the quarter-final stage.
The team were again Eredivisie champions in 1960 and won a third KNVB Cup in 1961. In 1965, Rinus Michels, who had played for the club between 1946 and 1958, was appointed manager of Ajax, implementing his philosophy of Total Football, to become synonymous with both Ajax and the Netherlands national team. A year earlier, Johan Cruyff, who would go on to become the greatest Dutch footballer of all-time, made his debut. Between them and Cruyff led Ajax through the most successful period in its history, winning seven Eredivisie titles, four KNVB Cups and three European Cups. Ajax won the Dutch championship in 1966, 1967 and 1968, reached the 1969 European Cup final, losing to Milan. During the 1966–67 season, Ajax scored a record 122 goals in an Eredivisie season and won the KNVB Cup to achieve its first league and cup double. In 1969–70, Ajax won a fourth Dutch league championship and second league and cup double in five seasons, winning 27 out of 34 league matches and scoring 100 goals; the 1970–71 season saw Ajax retain the KNVB Cup and reach the 1971 European Cup final, where they defeated Panathinaikos 2–0 with goals from Dick van Dijk and Arie Haan to become continental champions for the first time, with Cruyff being named European Footballer of the Year.
After this success, Michels departed to become manager of Barcelona and was replaced by the Romanian Ștefan Kovács. In Kovács' first season, Ajax completed a treble of the European Cup, the Eredivisie and a third consecutive KNVB Cup; the following season, the team beat Argentine club Independiente to win the 1972 Intercontinental Cup and retained their Eredivisie and European Cup titles, becoming the first club to win three consecutive European Cups since Real Madrid in the 1950s. In 1973, Michels' Barcelona broke the world transfer record to bring Cruyff to Catalonia. Kovács departed to become manager of the France national team, signalling the end of this period of international success. In 1976–77, Ajax won its first domestic championship in four seasons and recorded a double of the Eredivisie and KNVB Cup two years later; the early 1980s saw the return of Johan Cruyff to the club, as well as the emergence of young players Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard. The team won back-to-back Eredivisie ti
SBV Vitesse known as Vitesse Arnhem, or as Vitesse, is a Dutch professional football club based in Arnhem. Established on 14 May 1892, Vitesse is the oldest professional football club in the Eredivisie; the club has enjoyed some success in the competition, has featured in the UEFA Cup competition and became the first Dutch football club to be owned by a foreigner when it was taken over by Georgian businessman Merab Zjordania in 2010. Since 1998, the club has played its home games at the GelreDome, their best result in the Eredivisie was third place in 1997–98. The club won the KNVB Cup in 2016–17. Throughout the years, Vitesse established itself as a stepping stone for future world class players like Willem Hesselink, Just Göbel, Roy Makaay, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mahamadou Diarra, Philip Cocu, Nikos Machlas, Sander Westerveld, Raimond van der Gouw, Wilfried Bony, Marco van Ginkel and Nemanja Matić. Vitesse, founded in 1892, are the 2nd oldest professional football club still in existence in the Netherlands, after Sparta Rotterdam who were formed in 1888.
The roots of Vitesse pre-dated Sparta by a year as in 1887, a club with the name "Arnhemsche cricket- en voetbalvereeniging Vitesse" was formed by a group of high school students who played their sport on the Rijnkade, overlooking the River Rhine in the city centre. Reluctant to choose a Latin or English name for the club as they felt those languages were too elitist, they picked the French word Vitesse, meaning "speed". In 1891 the club disbanded as they were no longer able to find anywhere suitable to play cricket after a Velodrome was built on their usual playing field in the Klarenbeek Park; the following year a group of wealthy students resurrected the sports club, this time with the name AVC Vitesse. In the summer they in the winter football. In the end of 1892, Vitesse played its first real football match, in 1894 Vitesse disbanded the cricket branch. In 1895 and 1896 Vitesse became champions of the Gelderland competition. From the foundation of the Dutch national football championship in 1898 until 1954, the title was decided through play-offs by a handful of clubs who had won their regional league.
Vitesse lost the final of the national championship six times. In 1912, Vitesse reached the final of the Dutch Cup Tournament for the first time. Vitesse lost the final with 0–2 from HFC Haarlem. In this period Vitesse had top players, likes Willem Hesselink and Just Göbel; this players were active in the Dutch national team. In 1914 John William Sutcliffe became the first foreign trainer. During World War II, Vitesse didn't play-official matches because playing football in the open air was forbidden. During the Battle of Arnhem, the residents of the city were forcibly evicted from their homes, allowing the Germans to turn the north bank of the Rhine into a defended line. Residents were not allowed to return home without a permit and most did not return until after the war; the football field and clubhouse was destroyed. The damage was repaired in the years after the liberation. In 1984 it was decided to divide the amateur sections of the club; the professional section was renamed SBV Vitesse whilst the amateur section became "Vitesse 1892", which lasted until they disbanded in 2009.
From 1984, Karel Aalbers was the president of SBV Vitesse. Aalbers' goal was to bring Vitesse from the bottom of the Second League, the league in which the club originated, to the top 40 soccer clubs of Europe, he developed the basic idea for the'Gelredome', a stadium with a sliding pitch that can be moved out of the building. The same system was applied in Gelsenkirchen and in Japan. Events such as pop concerts can be held without damaging the grass. Gelredome opened in 1998, it has a roof that can be closed. It is climate controlled as well. In the first season after the opening, Gelredome's attendance rose to 20,000. Vitesse made their debut in European competition in 1990; the club won their first match in the first round 1–0 over Derry City. The club remained financially sound through making notable profits on the transfer market. Players such as Roy Makaay, Sander Westerveld, Nikos Machlas, Glenn Helder and Philip Cocu were sold for large sums of money. Others came to occupy empty player positions, such as Pierre van Hooijdonk.
Vitesse finished in top 4 positions, made profits and showed a solid balance sheet in the final years of Aalbers' presidency. The club became regular competitors in the UEFA Cup and in 1997–1998 finished third in the Eredivise, its record highest finish to date. Herbert Neumann was Vitesse's manager over most of these years, while star players included: Nikos Machlas, the first Vitesse player to win the European Golden Boot in 1998 when he scored 34 goals in a season. Additional stars included Dejan Čurović, who spent six years at Vitesse playing 109 matches as a striker, scoring 41 goals including the first goal in GelreDome. Meanwhile, Dutch forward Roy Makaay spent four years at Vitesse, scoring 42 goals in 109 matches between 1993 and 1997. Aalbers resigned on 15 February 2000, after the main sponsor, threatened to pull the plug if he did not. Nuon, as a public utility company owne
Ruud Gullit, OON is a Dutch football manager and former footballer who played professionally in the 1980s and 1990s as a midfielder or forward. He was the captain of the Netherlands national team, victorious at UEFA Euro 1988 and was a member of the squad for the 1990 FIFA World Cup and Euro 1992. At club level, in 1987 he moved from PSV to Milan for a world record transfer fee. Recognizable with his distinctive dreadlocks and moustache, he was part of the famed Dutch trio at Milan which included Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard. Gullit won two European Cups with Milan. In 1996, he signed for Chelsea and a year was appointed the club's player-manager. In his debut season, he led Chelsea to FA Cup success, the club's first major title for 26 years, in so doing became the first overseas manager to win the FA Cup. Gullit won the Ballon d'Or in 1987 and was named the World Soccer Player of the Year in 1987 and 1989. An attacking midfielder, he was a versatile player, playing in numerous positions during his career.
In 2004, he was named one of the Top 125 greatest living footballers as part of FIFA's 100th anniversary celebration. Gullit was born Rudi Dil in Amsterdam to George Gullit, a Surinamese migrant who arrived in the Netherlands with Herman Rijkaard, father of Frank Rijkaard, Ria Dil, his mistress, from the Jordaan district of Amsterdam; the family lived in one split level room on the top floor of a small apartment building. Gullit's father worked as an economics teacher at a local school, his mother as a custodian at the Rijksmuseum. Gullit developed his football skills in the confines of the Rozendwarsstraat, street football was instrumental in his formative years. Gullit's first team were the Meerboys, where he joined as a junior in 1970. At the age of ten, Gullit moved from the Jordaan to Amsterdam Old West where he played street football alongside Frank Rijkaard. Gullit joined the DWS club after his move, came to the attention of the Dutch youth team, where he played alongside future full international teammates, Erwin Koeman, Ronald Koeman and Wim Kieft.
It was during his time at DWS that Gullit first took to using his father's surname, rather than his registered surname, as he thought it sounded more like a football player. He retained his mother's surname and continues to sign all contracts as Ruud Dil. In 1978, Gullit signed professionally for HFC Haarlem under coach and former West Bromwich Albion player Barry Hughes. Gullit made 91 league appearances for Haarlem, he made his debut for the club at just 16 years old, becoming at the time the youngest player in the history of the Eredivisie. In his first year at Haarlem, the club finished bottom of the Eredivisie, but bounced back the following season winning the Eerste Divisie. Gullit was named as the best player in the Eerste Divisie that season. In the 1981–82 season, Gullit was in fine form as Haarlem finished fourth and qualified for Europe for the only time in their history. In that same season, Gullit scored the goal he would consider his finest: "Playing against Utrecht I went past four defenders and the goalkeeper, scored.
It was an unforgettable goal for me." Hughes was so impressed with the young Gullit that he described him as the "Dutch Duncan Edwards". The young Gullit was considered as a signing by English sides Arsenal and Ipswich Town, but managers Terry Neill and Bobby Robson turned him down. Neill told that he considered £30,000 too much for "this wild kid". Gullit therefore moved to Feyenoord in 1982. At Feyenoord, Gullit found himself playing alongside Dutch legend Johan Cruyff, while the assistant manager was Wim van Hanegem, they were to leave a lasting impression. Gullit's first season saw Feyenoord miss out on major honours, but the following year they completed the league and cup double. Gullit was named Dutch Footballer of the Year in recognition of his contribution to Feyenoord's success. At Feyenoord, Gullit occupied an advanced role in midfield, having played predominantly as a sweeper at Haarlem. While at Feyenoord, Gullit became the focus of a race row as manager Thijs Libregts was alleged to have referred to Gullit as "blackie" and criticised him for being lazy, though Libregts defended himself by claiming that it was a nickname.
While playing for Feyenoord at St Mirren in September 1983, he was racially abused and spat on by Scottish supporters. Gullit called it "the saddest night of my life". In 1985, Gullit moved to PSV for 1.2 million Dutch guilders and wound up scoring 46 goals in 68 league appearances for the team. Gullit was again named Footballer of the Year in 1986 as he helped PSV capture the Eredivisie crown, a feat they repeated the following year, it was at PSV that Gullit began to establish himself as a world class footballer and his distinctive, dreadlocked appearance made certain that he would catch the eye of Europe's biggest clubs. Gullit was singled out for criticism by large numbers of Feyenoord supporters, who branded him a "wolf" and accused him of moving to Eindhoven for money. Silvio Berlusconi signed Gullit for Milan in 1987, paying the world record transfer fee of 18 million guilders as a replacement for Ray Wilkins. Among his teammates at that club were compatriots Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard, along with Paolo Maldini and Franco Baresi.
Gullit's exploits with first PSV and Milan helped him win the Ballon d'Or award in 1987 which he dedicated to Nelson Mandela. When he arrived at Milan, Gullit struggled to settle as he spoke no Italian and was unused to living in a foreign country. Gullit's first season at Milan, saw the club
Football Club Groningen is a Dutch professional football club based in Groningen. The club plays in the highest football league of the Netherlands; the club was founded in 1971. Their home stadium was the Oosterpark Stadion from 1971 to 2005, while they play at the Hitachi Capital Mobility Stadion; the stadium is more referred to with its former name, Euroborg. Their best result in the Eredivisie was third place in 1991 and 2006, their worst result in the Eredivisie was relegation to the Eerste Divisie in 1974 and 1998; the club won the KNVB Cup in the 2014–15 season. The origins of football in Groningen date back to 1887, when students of the city's gymnasium established the cricket and football club Be Quick. In 1895, Be Quick became a founder member of the first football league in the northern Netherlands; the league was named Tweede Klasse Noord. There was no First Northern Division, but the Dutch Football Association regarded the level of play in the northern league to be too low to be rewarded with First Division status.
This meant that the northern champion could not participate in the nationwide championship play-offs with the other Dutch regional champions. In 1897, the city of Groningen got its second football club with the foundation of Velocitas 1897, which became the labour-class rival of the elitist Be Quick. Be Quick and Velocitas remained the most successful football clubs in the city of Groningen until the mid-twentieth century, winning 26 northern championships between them. Football in Groningen received a boost during World War I, in which the Netherlands remained neutral. In 1914, about 1,400 soldiers from the British 63rd Division who were involved in the Siege of Antwerp were forced to flee across the border into the Netherlands when Antwerp was overrun by German troops; because of the neutral status of the Netherlands, the troops were disarmed and interned in an encampment in the city of Groningen for the duration of the war. The British military men baptized their encampment "Timbertown," which developed into a lively little city of its own.
Football was an important pastime for the British soldiers, who organized a league amongst themselves, but played numerous exhibition matches against local Dutch opposition and participated in Groningen's cup competitions, in which the British demonstrated a superior level of play. Local interest for these matches was high and aroused much enthusiasm for the game of football in Groningen. Several English military men went on to coach and play for Be Quick, most notably Arnold Birch and Harry Waites, which helped to raise the standard of the game in Groningen. In 1916, the northern league was rewarded with First Division status, in 1920 Be Quick went on to win the national title. In 1915, a couple of locals inspired by the English players established football club Unitas; when in 1917 Unitas joined the Groningen Football Association, the club was demanded to alter its name because there existed several other clubs in the country named Unitas. The team changed its name into GVAV. In 1921, GVAV merged with athletic club Rapiditas.
The new official club name became GVAV-Rapiditas, but the football team was just referred to as "GVAV." In 1926, GVAV promoted to the First Northern Division for the first time in its existence, remained at the highest northern level until the abolishment of the regional leagues in 1950. GVAV succeeded in winning the northern championship only once, in 1940. In 1935, GVAV moved from the "Stadspark" in the south side of the city, where it shared its accommodation with Velocitas, to the Oosterpark stadium in the newly built Oosterparkwijk, constructed to provide housing for the working class; the Oosterpark stadium would remain the home of GVAV, FC Groningen, until 2005. The regional leagues ceased to exist in 1950. A new professional nationwide league structure, consisting of three tiers was planned to commence in 1956. Results in the intervening seasons determined the make-up of these new divisions. In 1951, four Groningen clubs were active at First Division level. Five years GVAV was in the Eredivisie among the 18 best teams in the country, while Be Quick and Oosterparkers were ranked two tiers below in the 1956-57 Tweede Divisie.
At the introduction of professional football in the Dutch football leagues in 1954, Be Quick had suffered from internal division. Be Quick's long history and respected stature led to the club containing numerous outspoken and conservative factions. In addition, resistance against professionalism in general tended to be bigger at elitists clubs. Many Be Quick members opposed the plans of their club joining the professional leagues, among which most notably several players from the title winning squad of 1920. Be Quick did become professional, but because of internal strife it was not able to develop its full potential as a professional football club. No such obstacles existed at GVAV, were chairman Jan Hekman faced no internal resistance in his ambition to make GVAV the city's number one professional football team. Labour class teams Velocitas and Oosterparkers, at their turn, had insufficient financial backing to compete with GVAV in the professional leagues. Oosterparkers remained professional for three seasons, after which they voluntarily left the professional leagues and went back to amateurism.
Hendrik Johannes Cruijff OON was a Dutch professional football player and coach. As a player, he won the Ballon d'Or three times, in 1971, 1973, 1974. Cruyff was the most famous exponent of the football philosophy known as Total Football explored by Rinus Michels, is regarded as one of the greatest players in football history. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dutch football rose from obscurity to become a powerhouse in the sport. Cruyff led the Netherlands to the final of the 1974 FIFA World Cup and received the Golden Ball as player of the tournament. At the 1974 finals, he executed a feint that subsequently was named after him, the "Cruyff Turn", a move replicated in the modern game. Wearing the number 14 jersey, he set a trend for wearing shirt numbers outside the usual starting line-up numbers of one to eleven. At club level, Cruyff started his career at Ajax, where he won eight Eredivisie titles, three European Cups and one Intercontinental Cup. In 1973, he moved to Barcelona for a world record transfer fee, winning La Liga in his first season and was named European Footballer of the Year.
After retiring from playing in 1984, Cruyff became successful as manager of Ajax and Barcelona. His son Jordi played football professionally. In 1999, Cruyff was voted European Player of the Century in an election held by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics, came second behind Pelé in their World Player of the Century poll, he came third in a vote organised by the French magazine France Football consulting their former Ballon d'Or winners to elect their Football Player of the Century. He was chosen on the World Team of the 20th Century in 1998, the FIFA World Cup Dream Team in 2002, in 2004 was named in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players. Considered to be one of the most influential figures in football history, Cruyff's style of play and his football philosophy has influenced managers and players, including the likes of Arrigo Sacchi, Sir Alex Ferguson, Arsène Wenger, Pep Guardiola, Frank Rijkaard, Michael Laudrup, Eric Cantona and Xavi. Ajax and Barcelona are among the clubs that have developed youth academies based on Cruyff's coaching methods.
His coaching philosophy helped lay the foundations for the revival of Ajax's international successes in the 1990s. Spanish football's successes at both club and international level during the years 2008 to 2012 have been cited by many as evidence of Cruyff's impact on contemporary football. France Football ranked him at No. 4 on their list of the Top 50 football managers of all time.. Hendrik Johannes "Johan" Cruijff was born on 25 April 1947 in Amsterdam, on a street five minutes away from Ajax's stadium, his first football club. Johan was the second son of Hermanus Cornelis Cruijff and Petronella Bernarda Draaijer, from a humble, working-class background in east Amsterdam. Cruyff, encouraged by his influential football-loving father and his close proximity in Akkerstraat to the De Meer Stadium, played football with his schoolmates and older brother, whenever he could, idolised the prolific Dutch dribbler, Faas Wilkes. In 1959, Cruyff's father died from a heart attack, his father's death had a major impact on his mentality.
As Cruyff recalled, in celebration of his 50th birthday, "My father died when I was just 12 and he was 45. From that day the feeling crept stronger over me that I would die at the same age and, when I had serious heart problems when I reached 45, I thought:'This is it.' Only medical science, not available to help my father, kept me alive." Viewing a potential football career as a way of paying tribute to his father, the death inspired the strong-willed Cruyff, who frequently visited the burial site at Oosterbegraafplaats. His mother began working at Ajax as a cleaner, deciding that she could no longer carry on at the grocer without her husband, in the future, this made Cruyff near-obsessed with financial security but gave him an appreciation for player aids, his mother soon met her second husband, Henk Angel, a field hand at Ajax who proved a key influence in Cruyff's life. Cruyff joined the Ajax youth system on his tenth birthday. Cruyff and his friends would frequent a "playground" in their neighbourhood and Ajax youth coach Jany van der Veen, who lived close by, noticed Cruyff's talent and decided to offer him a place at Ajax without a formal trial.
He showed talent both on the pitcher's mound and behind the plate, as a catcher, before having to leave the club's baseball section at age 15 to focus on football. He made his first team debut on 15 November 1964 in the Eredivisie, against GVAV, scoring the only goal for Ajax in a 3–1 defeat; that year, Ajax finished in their lowest position since the establishment of professional football, in 13th. Cruyff started to make an impression in the 1965–66 season and established himself as a regular first team player after scoring two goals against DWS in the Olympic stadium on 24 October 1965 in a 2–0 victory. In the seven games that winter, he scored eight times and in March 1966 scored the first three goals in a league game against Telstar in a 6–2 win. Four days in a cup game against Veendam in a 7–0 win, he scored four goals. In total that season, Cruyff scored 25 goals in 23 games, Ajax won the league championship. In the 1966–67 season, Ajax again won the league championship, won the KNVB Cup, for Cruyff's first "double".
Cruyff ended the season as the leading goalscorer in the Eredivisie with 33. Cruyff won the league for the third successive year in the 1967–68 season, he was named Dutch footballer of the year for the second successive time, a feat he repeated in 1969. On 28 May 1969, Cr