The Holland Mission or Dutch Mission was the common name of a Catholic Church missionary district in the Low Countries during and after the Protestant Reformation. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the founding of the diocese of Utrecht dates back to Francia, when St. Ecgberht of Ripon sent St. Willibrord and eleven companions on a mission to pagan Frisia, at the request of Pepin of Herstal; the Diocese of Utrecht was erected by Pope Sergius I in 695. In 695 Sergius consecrated Willibrord in Rome as Bishop of the Frisians. George Edmundson wrote, in Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 edition, that the bishops, in fact, as the result of grants of immunities by a succession of German kings, notably by the Saxon and Franconian emperors became the temporal rulers of a dominion as great as the neighboring counties and duchies. John Mason Neale explained, in History of the so-called Jansenist church of Holland, that bishops "became warriors rather than prelates. Debitum pastoralis officii nobis was Pope Leo X's 1517 prohibition to the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Hermann of Wied, as legatus natus, to summon, to a court of first instance in Cologne, Philip of Burgundy, his treasurer, his ecclesiastical and secular subjects.
Leo X only confirmed a right of the Church, explained Neale. The Bishopric ended when Henry of the Palatinate resigned the see in 1528 with the consent of the cathedral chapter, transferred his secular authority to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor; the chapters voluntarily transferred their right of electing the bishop to Charles V, Pope Clement VII gave his consent to the proceeding. George Edmundson wrote, in History of Holland, that Henry, "was compelled" in 1528 to formally surrender "the temporalities of the see" to Charles V. Lordship of Utrecht The diocese was elevated to an archdiocese in 1559, it was taken from Province of Cologne, in which it was a suffragan, elevated to the rank of an archdiocese and metropolitan see. During the administration of the first archbishop, Frederik V Schenck van Toutenburg, Calvinism spread especially among the nobility, who viewed with disfavor the endowment of the new bishoprics with the ancient and wealthy abbeys; the parish churches were attacked in the Beeldenstorm in 1566.
The hanging of the nineteen Martyrs of Gorkum in Brielle in 1572 is an example of the persecution which Catholics suffered. During the Dutch Revolt in the Spanish Netherlands, the archdiocese fell. In the Beeldenstorm in 1580, the collegiate churches were victims of iconoclastic attacks and St. Martin's Cathedral, was "severely damaged". "Even though one third of the people remained Roman Catholic and in spite of a great tolerance," as early as 1573, the public exercise of Catholicism was forbidden, the cathedral was converted into a Protestant church in 1580. The cathedral chapter survived and "still managed its lands and formed part of the provincial government" in the Lordship of Utrecht. "The newly appointed canons, were always Protestants." The two successor archbishop appointed by Spain neither received canonical confirmation nor could they enter their diocese because of the States-General opposition. The archdiocese was suppressed in 1580. Walter Phillips wrote, in Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 edition, the last archbishop of Utrecht, Frederik V Schenck van Toutenburg, died in 1580, "a few months before the suppression of Roman Catholic public worship" by William I, Prince of Orange.
"Suppression of dioceses," wrote Hove, "takes place only in countries where the faithful and the clergy have been dispersed by persecution," the suppressed dioceses become missions, prefectures, or vicariates apostolic. This is; the Holland Mission started when the apostolic vicariate was erected by Pope Clement VIII in 1592. "For two centuries after the Peace of Westphalia much of Holland was under apostolic vicars as mission territory, as England was in the same period. This resulted in the founding of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht in 1723, a schism of several thousands of leading Dutch Catholics breaking up with the Roman Holy See. In 1725, in a clear act of anti-Catholicism and in an attempt to divide the country's Catholics and stimulate the Old Catholic Ultrajectine organization, the States General of the Netherlands banned the apostolic vicars from the United Republic; the vicariate was reduced to a mission sui iuris by Pope Benedict XIII in 1727. The feudal Lordship of Utrecht was disestablished when the Batavian Republic was created in 1795.
There was an official freedom of religion. Churches did not have to be hidden anymore, new seminaries for priests were founded, several monasteries were reinstated; the Holland Mission ended when the mission sui iuris was suppressed and the modern ecclesiastical province was erected in 1853. The modern Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Utrecht was erected by P
Mohamed Jameel is a Maldivian footballer nicknamed "Jambey", who plays as a defender for New Radiant. He was a member of the Maldives national football team, he is from the island of Baa Atoll. Though he started playing for the national team from the year 2000, he became a regular starting player from 2001, his last match was against India in the 2011 SAFF Championship semi-final. ValenciaDhivehi League: 2001, 2002, 2003, 2008 President's Cup: 2008 FA Charity Shield: 2009 POMIS Cup: 2001, 2003New RadiantDhivehi League: 2006 FA Cup: 2005, 2006VictoryFA Cup: 2010VB Addu FCFA Charity Shield: 2012 MaldivesSAFF ChampionshipWinners: 2008 Runners-up: 2003, 2009 Mohamed Jameel at National-Football-Teams.com Club Valencia at the Wayback Machine Sports Blog
Cnephasia is a genus of tortrix moths. It belongs to the subfamily Tortricinae and therein to the tribe Cnephasiini, of which it is the type genus; the type species around which Cnephasia was established by J. Curtis in 1826 was claimed to be "Tortrix logiana". However, this was a misidentification. Curtis repeated the mistake of A. H. Haworth, who had in his 1811 volume of Lepidoptera Britannica discussed a Cnephasia under Clerck's name, but the original misidentification may well go back to Linnaeus' treatment of "T. logiana" in Systema naturae. This was resolved, the type species of Cnephasia was determined to be the tortrix moth described as Olethreutes pasiuana by J. Hübner in 1822; the recognized species of Cnephasia are: "Cnephasia" jactatana does not seem to belong in this genus. Cnephasia daedalea Razowski, 1983 Obsolete scientific names for Cnephasia are: Anoplocnephasia Réal, 1953 Brachycnephasia Réal, 1953 Chephasia Cnephasianella Cnephasiella Adamczewski, 1936 Cnephosia Hypostephanuncia Réal, 1951 Hypostephanuntia Sciaphila Treitschke in Ochsenheimer, 1829Hypostephanuncia is sometimes listed as a junior synonym of the related genus Eana, but its type species is C. ecullyana.
Whether the monotypic Sphaleroptera is a distinct and valid genus or a specialized offshoot of Cnephasia is not yet resolved. Alipanah, H.: An overview of the tribe Cnephasiini of Iran with description of a new species. Zootaxa 4661: 501-521. Baixeras, J.. W. & Gilligan, T. M.: Online World Catalogue of the Tortricidae – Genus Cnephasia account. Version 1.3.1. Retrieved 2009-JAN-20. Baixeras, J.. W. & Gilligan, T. M.: Online World Catalogue of the Tortricidae – Cnephasia species list. Version 1.3.1. Retrieved 2009-JAN-20. Curtis, John:. In: British Entomology, being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland, etc. 6: 1-2. E. Ellis & Co. London. Fulltext at the Internet Archive Razowski, Józef: The genera of Tortricidae. Part III. Nearctic Chlidanotinae and Tortricidae. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 41: 227-281. Fulltext at Google Books Savela, Markku: Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Cnephasia. Version of 2005-SEP-14. Retrieved 2010-APR-14.
Savela, Markku: Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Eana. Version of 2005-SEP-14. Retrieved 2010-APR-14. Savela, Markku: Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Acleris logiana. Version of 2010-FEB-19. Retrieved 2010-APR-14
The Nokia 6210 Navigator is a smartphone made by Nokia, a successor to Nokia 6110 Navigator. It was announced on February 11, 2008 and had been available from July 2008, it runs on Symbian OS v9.3 with a S60 3rd Edition FP2 user interface. The Nokia 6210 Navigator is the third phone in the Navigator series to be released by Nokia; the Nokia 6210 Navigator includes pre-loaded navigation maps with a free navigation license for 6 months. It is the company's first device with a built-in magnetic compass, it should not be confused with the Nokia 6210 from 2000. It was succeeded by the Nokia 6710 Navigator; the 6210 Navigator includes a built-in accelerometer. This was only used for video stabilization and photo orientation. Nokia Research Center has allowed an application interface directly to the accelerometer, allowing software to use the data from it. Nokia has released an application to demonstrate this. Third-party programs have been created, including software that will automatically change the screen orientation when the phone is tilted, programs that simulate the sounds of a Star Wars lightsaber when the phone is waved through the air, allow you to mute the phone by turning it face-down, many more.
Symbian OS v9.3 with S60 Platform 3rd Edition, Feature Pack 2 Quad band GSM / GPRS / EDGE: GSM/EDGE Quadband 850/900/1800/1900 MHz Dual band UMTS / HSDPA: W-CDMA 900/2100 MHz HSDPA 3.6 Mbit/s Integrated GPS system A-GPS Digital Compass 96 MB RAM 3.2 megapixel camera, Video – VGA 640×480 QCIF camera for video calling Bluetooth 2.0 with EDR & A2DP USB 2.0 microSD Stereo FM radio and support for Visual Radio Push to Talk over Cellular Music Player supporting MP3, AAC, eAAC+, WMA files Mono speaker Users can determine the software version in the phone by pressing *#0000# on the keypad. List of Nokia products NAVTEQ Website Nokia Asia Website Nokia 6210 Navigator – Official Site
Jason Norville is a retired Trinidadian footballer who played as a striker. He came up through Watford's Academy, made 14 league appearances and scored his first professional goal in a 2–2 draw with Sheffield Wednesday in March 2003, he moved to Barnet on 29 July 2005. His time at Barnet was marked by injuries, he was released by the club in May 2007 but re-joined the club on a non-contract basis just before the start of the new season, however this was not announced until August 31, after he had played 3 games for Wealdstone on loan to gain match fitness. He fell out of favour at Barnet in the 2007–08 season after some poor performances and in January 2008 joined Woking on a free transfer, he was released at the end of the season. Norville was out of football for two years before going on trial at Gillingham in summer 2010, joined Dover Athletic that year. Jason Norville at Soccerbase Jason Norville at National-Football-Teams.com
The Trickster series is an ongoing series of novels by American author Rob Thurman that are based around the fictional character of Trixa Iktomi, a bar owner and information broker in Las Vegas. The series is set in the same fictional world as Thurman's New York Times Bestselling Cal Leandros series; the first novel, Trick of the Light, was published on September 2009 through Roc Fantasy. Thurman announced on her website in 2011; the cover art for both the Trickster and Cal Leandros series is drawn by Christian McGrath, the same cover artist as the Dresden Files urban fantasy series. The series follows Trixa Iktomi, who owns a bar in Las Vegas and works as an information broker in the supernatural world. Up to her neck in demons, on a search to find a powerful artifact and avenge a death, she has some help: two demon hunters that she's taken under her wing and Zeke, who work for Heaven’s presence in Las Vegas, her Native American bartender Leo Rain, who has some secrets of his own; the books take place in the same universe as Thurman's other urban fantasy series, in the same time period.
However, New York City and Las Vegas are quite different in terms of the supernatural element, the main characters in the Cal Leandros series are not aware of the existence of angels and demons. Thurman has stated that a crossover is unlikely for this reason, though the characters of Robin Goodfellow and Ishiah have made appearances in both. Trick of the Light The Grimrose Path Critical reception for the series has been positive. Publishers Weekly noted that though Trick of the Light does not break new ground, it should be a pleasant, comforting read for fans of urban fantasy. Romantic Times gave Trick of the Light four out of four stars, praising the fresh characters and snarky heroine. Booklist called the second book in the series a page-turner, "good commuter reading." Rob Thurman's website Rob Thurman's Livejournal