Princess Marilène of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven
Princess Marie-Hélène Angela "Marilène" of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven-van den Broek is the wife of Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, was thereby member of the Dutch Royal House until King Willem-Alexander's accession in 2013 rendered Prince Maurits too distantly related to the reigning monarch. She remains a member of the larger Dutch Royal Family. Princess Marilène was born in Dieren, is the youngest daughter of Hans van den Broek and Josee van den Broek-van Schendel; the van den Broeks belong to the Dutch patriciate. Marilène van den Broek obtained her highschool diploma in Wassenaar in 1988, she studied from 1988 to 1994 at the University of Groningen where she received her MSc degree in Business Administration. Princess Marilène works at the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, a Dutch national museum dedicated to arts and history, she married Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven in Apeldoorn civilly on 29 May 1998, followed by a religious ceremony on 30 May. His Highness Prince Maurits is the eldest son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven.
Princess Marilène and Prince Maurits have three children, who carry no title, but by Royal Decree of 26 May 1998 bear the surname "van Lippe-Biesterfield van Vollenhoven": Anastasia Margriet Joséphine van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven, born in Amsterdam on 15 April 2001. Lucas Maurits Pieter Henri van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven, born in Amsterdam on 26 October 2002. Felicia Juliana Bénedicte Barbara van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven, born in Amsterdam on 31 May 2005. Dutch Royal House webpage
Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands
Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands is the wife of Prince Constantijn and sister-in-law of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima. Petra Laurentien Brinkhorst was born in Leiden on 25 May 1966, the daughter of the former Dutch minister of Economic Affairs, Laurens Jan Brinkhorst and Jantien Brinkhorst-Heringa, she has one brother. She is known by Laurentien, a portmanteau of her parents' given names. Princess Laurentien started primary school in Groningen, her family moved to The Hague, where she completed her primary education. She spent four years at the Christelijk Gymnasium Sorghvliet, a year at the Eerste Vrijzinnige Christelijk Lyceum, both in The Hague. In 1984, she passed the Baccalauréat A examinations at the Lycée français in Tokyo, her father was working in Japan at the time. Princess Laurentien studied History at the University of Groningen, where she received her propaedeuse in 1986. After this she studied at College of Queen Mary of the University of London where she received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science in 1989 and subsequently at the University of California, where she obtained her Master of Journalism degree in 1991.
Princess Laurentien has a long record of fighting against illiteracy in the Netherlands, now to be considered an underestimated problem. In 2009, she was designated UNESCO Special Envoy on "Literacy for Development" in recognition of her “outstanding commitment to the promotion of education and her profound dedication to the Organization’s ideals and objectives”. In 2010 she was co-recipient of the Major Bosshardt Prize for her work in combating illiteracy; the engagement of Prince Constantijn and Laurentien Brinkhorst was announced on 16 December 2000. The civil marriage was conducted by Wim Deetman, the mayor of the Hague, in the Oude Raadzaal, the Hague, on 17 May 2001; the church wedding took place two days on 19 May in the Grote of St Jacobskerk, with Reverend Carel ter Linden officiating. Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien have three children: Eloise, Claus-Casimir, Leonore. Prince Constantijn, Princess Laurentien, their children moved from Brussels to The Hague. Laurentien's full title and style is: Her Royal Highness Princess Petra Laurentien of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Mrs. van Amsberg.
Laurentien was not created a princess, but custom allows a wife to use her husband’s titles. All children of the marriage hold the titles Count or Countess of Orange-Nassau and Jonkheer or Jonkvrouw van Amsberg. By Royal Decree of 15 January 2003, nr. 36, Princess Laurentien was granted her own personal standard. Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange Netherlands: Royal Wedding Medal 2002 Netherlands: King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal Belgium: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Jordan: Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance The Dutch Royal House | Princess Laurentien UNESCO on Literacy
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands is the third and youngest son of the former Dutch queen and her husband, Claus von Amsberg, is the younger brother of the reigning Dutch king, Willem-Alexander. He is a member of the Dutch Royal House of Orange-Nassau and fourth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne. Prince Constantijn was born on 11 October 1969 at Utrecht University Hospital in Utrecht, following the births of his brothers, Willem-Alexander, Johan Friso, he goes by the nickname Tijn. His godparents are former King Constantine II of Greece, Prince Aschwin of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Axel Freiherr von dem Bussche-Streithorst, Max Kohnstamm, Corinne de Beaufort-Sickinghe. Prince Constantijn studied law at Leiden University, becoming a lawyer, worked at the Brussels department of the European Union commissioner of foreign relations, Van den Broek, he was hired by the EU and continued to work there in various capacities until the end of 1999. In December 2000, he was awarded a Master of Business Administration at INSEAD in Fontainebleau, France.
He spent a summer working for the International Finance Corporation of the World Bank group in Washington, DC. He worked until late 2002 for strategic consultants Booz Allen Hamilton in London. Since 2003, he works for the RAND Corporation Europe in Brussels. Furthermore, he has a part-time position at the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague. Prince Constantijn attends public events in his capacity as a member of the Dutch Royal House. Prince Constantijn is a keen sportsman and enjoys football, tennis and skiing, his other hobbies include drawing and reading. The engagement of Prince Constantijn and Petra Laurentien Brinkhorst was announced on 16 December 2000; the civil marriage was conducted by the mayor of The Hague, Wim Deetman, in the Oude Raadzaal, The Hague, on 17 May 2001. The church wedding took place two days on 19 May in the Grote of St Jacobskerk, with the Reverend Carel ter Linden officiating. Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien have three children: Eloise, Claus-Casimir, Leonore.
The family moved from Brussels to The Hague. Upon the abdication of Queen Beatrix on 30 April 2013, the children of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien ceased to be members of the Royal House, although they continue to be members of the royal family and remain in the line of succession. Constantijn's full title and style is: His Royal Highness Prince Constantijn Christof Frederik Aschwin of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg. Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands: Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau Netherlands: Queen Beatrix Investiture Medal Netherlands: Royal Wedding Medal 2002 Netherlands: King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal Belgium: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Jordan: Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance Luxembourg / Netherlands: Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau Official page created by the Dutch Royal House
Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven
Prince Bernhard Lucas Emmanuel of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven is the second son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven. Before the succession of his cousin Willem-Alexander as King, he was a member of the Dutch Royal House and eleventh in the line of succession to the Dutch throne. With Willem-Alexander's succession however, he is no longer a member of the Dutch Royal House, is no longer in line to direct succession to the Dutch throne, but still retains its membership as a member of the Dutch Royal Family Prince Bernhard's family lived in Apeldoorn throughout his childhood, moving to Het Loo House in 1975, he received both his primary and secondary education in Apeldoorn. Prince Bernhard has three brothers: Princes Maurits, Pieter-Christiaan, Floris, he studied economics in 1988 at Georgetown University in Washington, D. C. Subsequently, in 1989 he went to the Groningen University in the Netherlands where he studied marketing and market research. In 1995 he received the degree of doctorandus at this university.
Although he is a member of the extended royal family, he takes part in official duties. Prince Bernard is a self-employed entrepreneur. While studying in Groningen, Prince Bernhard met Annette Sekrève; the couple announced their engagement on 11 March 2000. They married in July 2000; the civil ceremony was performed on 6 July 2000 by the Mayor of Utrecht, Annie Brouwer-Korf, in the Spiegelzaal of the Paushuize in Utrecht. The marriage was blessed two days on 8 July 2000, by Dr. Anne van der Meiden in the Cathedral of Saint Martin, Utrecht. Prince Bernhard and Princess Annette have three children: Isabella and Benjamin. Prince Bernhard and his family live in Amsterdam. Upon the announcement of the planned abdication of Queen Beatrix, which took place on 30 April 2013, it was restated that after the abdication, the children of Princess Margriet and Pieter van Vollenhoven would no longer be eligible for the throne, they would cease to be members of the Royal House. At the end of August 2013, it was made public that Bernhard was diagnosed with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma by doctors in Amsterdam.
He suffers from Crohn's disease. Website Royal House – Family Van Vollenhoven
Princess Ariane of the Netherlands
Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau is the third and youngest daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima. Princess Ariane is a member of the Dutch Royal House and third in the line of succession to the Dutch throne. Princess Ariane was born in the HMC Bronovo in The Hague at 21:56 local time on 10 April 2007 as the third child and youngest daughter of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands and Queen Máxima of the Netherlands. Prime Minister Balkenende addressed the nation shortly afterwards and said both mother and child were healthy and doing well; the next morning, Her father appeared on television with his new daughter. The names of the baby were announced on 13 April. Princess Ariane was baptised in the Abbey Church in The Hague on 20 October 2007. Vicar Deodaat van der Boon used water from the Jordan River to baptize the princess, wearing the christening gown that Princess Wilhelmina first wore in 1880. Over 850 guests were invited to attend, including Princess Máxima's parents and Dutch prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende.
Her godparents are Valeria Delger, Inés Zorreguieta, Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume of Luxembourg, Tijo Baron Collot d’Escury, Anton Friling. Princess Ariane speaks Dutch and some Spanish. On 2 May 2007, Princess Ariane was admitted to the Leiden University Medical Center with a suspected lung infection, she was released from the hospital on 5 May 2007 after treatment for her bacterial and viral infection. On 13 June 2007, Prince Willem-Alexander and Princess Máxima released a thank you note "not only for the congratulations upon Ariane's birth but for the best wishes they received upon her hospitalisation" and released a third official picture with their newborn daughter; the couple received over 30,000 letters of well-wishers. On 8 October 2009, Princess Ariane was again admitted to a hospital, in which she had to stay for one night, due to a respiratory infection. Ariane's full title and style is: Her Royal Highness Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau.. Royal House of the Netherlands
Constitution of the Netherlands
The Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands is one of two fundamental documents governing the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as the fundamental law of the European territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is seen as directly derived from the one issued in 1815, constituting a constitutional monarchy. A revision in 1848 instituted a system of parliamentary democracy. In 1983, a major revision of the Constitution of the Netherlands was undertaken fully rewriting the text and adding new civil rights; the text devoid of legal or political doctrine and includes a bill of rights. It prohibits the judiciary to test laws and treaties against the constitution, as this is considered a prerogative of the legislature. There is no constitutional court in the Netherlands, except for the Constitutional Court of Sint Maarten which only governs the Sint Maarten legislator; the Kingdom of the Netherlands includes Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten: there is an overarching instrument of the entire kingdom that has constitution characterisics: the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The first constitution of the Netherlands as a whole, in the sense of a fundamental law which applied to all its provinces and cities, is the 1579 constitution, which established the confederal republic of the Seven United Provinces. The constitution was empowered by the Union of Utrecht, thus by treaty. Article XIII of the treaty granted each inhabitant of the Republic freedom of conscience. After the French invasion of 1794 the Batavian Republic, a unitary state, was proclaimed. On 31 January 1795 it issued a bill of rights, the Verklaring der Rechten van den Mensch en van den Burger. On 1 May 1798 a new constitution, the first in the modern formal sense, the Staatsregeling voor het Bataafsche Volk, written by a Constitutional Assembly, went into force, approved by the National Assembly; the Napoleonic Kingdom of Holland, a constitutional monarchy, was established by the Constitutie voor het Koningrijk Holland on 7 August 1806. In 1810 the kingdom was annexed by the French Empire. After the French troops had been driven out by Russian Cossacks, the new independent state of the Netherlands, a principality, was established by the constitution of 29 March 1814, the Grondwet voor de Vereenigde Nederlanden.
William VI of Orange, instated on 2 December 1813 as "Sovereign Prince" by acclamation, only accepting "under the safeguard of a free constitution, assuring your freedom against possible future abuses", had first appointed a number of men of good standing as electors and these approved the constitution, written by a commission headed by Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp. On 24 August 1815 William — since 16 March King William I of the Netherlands — having proclaimed himself King of the larger United Netherlands six days earlier, issued the first version of the current constitution, the Grondwet voor het Koningrijk der Nederlanden or Loi fondamentale du Royaume des Pays-Bas, establishing the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, now expanding his realm with the territory of the present state of Belgium, which would again secede from it in 1830, it included a limited unentrenched bill of rights, with freedom of religion, the principle of habeas corpus, the right of petition and freedom of the press as its main points.
In the Treaty of London of 1814 the Allies had ordered that the original Dutch state would devise the new constitution. It had been approved by the new States General of the Northern Netherlands, but rejected by the majority of appointed electors of the Southern Netherlands; as 126, had indicated that they were against because of the freedom of religion, mandatory under the Treaty of Vienna that ordered the union of the Northern and the Southern Netherlands, their votes and those of the men having refused to vote, were added to the minority, by this infamous "Hollandic Arithmetic" William felt justified to proclaim the new kingdom. Regarding the government's political structure the 1815 constitution did not diverge much from the situation during the Republic: the 110 members of House of Representatives of the States General, the "Second Chamber" as it is still called, were still appointed by the States-Provincial, who themselves were filled with nobility members or appointed by the city councils, just like under the ancien régime.
However, now some rural delegates were appointed to all States-Provincial and the city councils were appointed by electoral colleges which were in turn elected by a select group of male citizens of good standing and paying a certain amount of taxes, so indirectly there was a modicum of democracy introduced to the system. In all the administration was monarchical, with the king appointing for life the members of the Senate, the "First Chamber", that mockingly was called the Ménagerie du Roi. In 1840, when a new revision was made necessary by the independence of Belgium, a first step to a more parliamentary system was taken by the introduction of penal ministerial responsibility; the constitution as it was revised on 11 October 1848 is described as the original of the version still in force today. Under pressure from the Revolutions of 1848 in surrounding countries, King William II accepted the introduction of full ministerial responsibility in the constitution, leading to a system of parliamentary democracy, with the House of Representatives directly elected by the voters within a system of single-winner electoral districts.
Parliament was accorded the right to amend government law proposals and to hold inves
Prince Jaime, Count of Bardi
Prince Jaime Bernardo of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi is the second son and third child of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma. He is a member of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma, an extended member of the Dutch Royal Family and a Dutch nobleman with the title Prince de Bourbon de Parme; the title "Count of Bardi" is not recognized within the Dutch nobility. From 2014 to 2018 he was the Dutch ambassador to the Holy See. Prince Jaime was born in Netherlands, he has a twin sister, Princess Margarita, born one minute earlier. Besides his twin sister, the prince has one elder brother, Duke of Parma, one younger sister, Princess Carolina. Prince Jaime was born six weeks prematurely and stayed with his sister in an incubator at the hospital. Jaime was baptised by Cardinal Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, with his grandfather Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld and Princess Madeleine of Bourbon-Parma as his godparents. In 1981 his parents decided to divorce. Together with his mother and his siblings he moved to the Soestdijk Palace residence of his grandparents, Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard, where he lived for several years.
Prince Jaime studied international relations at Brown University in the United States. After finishing this study he subsequently obtained a M. A. degree in International Economics and Conflict Management at Johns Hopkins University. During this study he performed an internship at the World Wide Fund for the Red Cross, he now works for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. His first role was as the prime secretary of the Netherlands Embassy in Baghdad, before becoming a political advisor to the peace mission in Pol-e Khomri in the Baghlan Province in the northern part of Afghanistan; until the summer of 2007 the prince worked on secondment in the cabinet of the European Commissioner Neelie Kroes. He was back in The Hague at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he has the position of Special Envoy for Natural Resources. On 7 February 2014, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that he would be appointed as ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the Holy See. Prince Jaime was, on 15 July 2014.
On 20 December 2014 he offered his credentials to Pope Francis. Prince Jaime has worked as an interviewer for the documentary series Africa, War is Business. In the documentary he investigated and explained how a country, rich in raw materials can be dominated by poverty and conflict. In the series he visited Sierra Leone and its diamond fields, Liberia to see how an export embargo on its hardwood is carried out, the DR Congo, where he goes on a night patrol in the war-torn east of the country, an area rich in gold and cobalt. In the documentary possible solutions are displayed from the perspective of the international community; the prince performs representative tasks for the Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma. He is present at royal marriages, baptismal ceremonies, funerals. On 12 August 2013, Prince Jaime's engagement to Viktória Cservenyák was announced. Cservenyák is a Hungarian-born Dutch attorney and daughter of Dr. Tibor Cservenyák and his former wife, Dorottya Klára Bartos. On 3 October 2013, they married in a civil wedding ceremony in Wijk bij Duurstede.
Their religious wedding took place on 5 October 2013, at the Church of Our Lady in Apeldoorn. They have two daughters: Zita Clara, named after her paternal great-great aunt Empress Zita of Austria and her maternal great grandmother Klára Killermann. On 9 November 2015, it was announced. In a interview, Princess Viktória stated that the gender of her child did not matter, after being told that there were no grandsons for the late Duke of Parma. Titles13 October 1972 – 2 September 1996: His Royal Highness Prince Jaime of Bourbon-Parma 2 September 1996 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Jaime, Count of BardiOfficially in the Netherlands: 15 May 1996 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Jaime de Bourbon de ParmeHonours Dynastic honoursDucal Family of Parma: Bailiff Knight of the Parmese Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George Chancellor Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Louis for Civil MeritForeign honoursSMOM: Knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta Already a ducal prince from birth, his father bestowed the substantive title Conte di Bardi upon him on 2 September 1996.
In 1996 he was incorporated into the Dutch Nobility by Queen Beatrix, with the highest noble title Prins de Bourbon de Parme, styled Zijne Koninklijke Hoogheid. His other titles hold no ground within the Dutch nobility, he does not belong to the House of Orange-Nassau or the limited Dutch Royal House, but as a grandson of Queen Juliana and cousin of the present King Willem-Alexander, he is an official member of the more extended Dutch Royal Family. Official website of the House of Bourbon-Parma