click links in text for more info

Dvor, Croatia

Dvor is a municipality in the Banovina region in central Croatia. Administratively it belongs to the Sisak-Moslavina County and is located across the Una River from Novi Grad in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dvor is underdeveloped municipality, statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia; the town of Dvor was named Dvor na Uni in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. As a majority of the present-day inhabitants self-identify as Serb, the Serbian language is co-official as a second official language, alongside Croatian, the official first language. Dvor used to be a district capital in the historic Zagreb County, an administrative unit within the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, which ceased to exist in 1918. In 1929 Dvor was placed in Vrbas Banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it was not incorporated into Croatia when the Banovina of Croatia province was formed in 1939. In 1941, the town became a part of the Independent State of Croatia. After the end of World War II the town became part of SR Croatia within SFR Yugoslavia, which followed the historic border of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia in this area.

During the Croatian War of Independence, Dvor was within the breakaway Republic of Serbian Krajina, but following Operation Storm in 1995 the municipality returned to Croatian control. Most of Serbian population was evacuated from Dvor during the Operation Storm of which some had returned. According to Population Censuses, the majority of the population are ethnic Serbs. Between 1991 and 2011 the number of Serb residents fell from 14,555 to 4,005, a drop from 86.5% of the population to 71.9%. The number of Croat residents remained the same, 1,395 and 1,440 but given the population decline, its size, as a percentage of the population, rose from 9.58% to 25.85% of the population of Dvor. Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint George was constructed in short period of 6 months in 1880; the construction was supported by baron Franjo Filipović. As the building was constructed in relative rush it was perceived as mediocre in architectural style and therefore during its reconstruction in 1957 major adaptations were done on the basis of the model of church in Javoranj.

Interior frescoes from 1904 are, together with religious elements, representing the Kosovo Cycle. Roman Catholic Chapel of Saint Peter and Paul was constructed in 1848, it served as the model for larger orthodox church in the village. It was reconstructed in 1971 destroyed in 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence when the village was a part of self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina, was reconstructed once again after the end of war. According to the 2011 census, the municipality consists of 64 settlements: Three of the villages: Čavlovica and Zut have not yet been re-connected to the public electrical grid. Jovan Bandur - composer and conductor Miloš Suzić - antifascist and People's Hero of Yugoslavia Petar Kalanja - antifascist and People's Hero of Yugoslavia Miloš Čavić - antifascist and People's Hero of Yugoslavia Milan Joka - antifascist and People's Hero of Yugoslavia Banovina Dvor massacre Official website

Rico Rossy

Elam José "Rico" Rossy Ramos is a former professional baseball player. He played all or part of four seasons in Major League Baseball as a utility infielder for the Atlanta Braves, Kansas City Royals, the Seattle Mariners. Rossy attended Purdue University, where he played college baseball for the Boilermakers from 1982–1985. Rossy was drafted by the Baltimore Orioles in the 33rd round of the 1985 amateur draft; the Orioles traded him, along with Terry Crowley, Jr. to the Pirates for Joe Orsulak in 1987. In 1990 he was traded again, this time to the Braves for Greg Tubbs, he debuted with the Braves on September 11, 1991. The next year, the Braves traded him to the Royals for Bobby Moore, he never played in more than 60 games. For the next several years, Rossy bounced between organizations in the minors before resurfacing in the majors again with the Seattle Mariners in 1998, he played his last game in the majors that year on September 27, 1998. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference


Jabalia Jabalya is a Palestinian city located 4 kilometers north of Gaza City. It is in the Gaza Strip. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Jabalia had a population of 82,877 in mid‑2006; the Jabalia refugee camp is adjacent to the city to the north. The nearby town of Nazla is a part of the Jabalia municipality; the city is ruled by a Hamas administration. A large cemetery dating to the 8th century CE was found near Jabalia; the workmanship indicates that the Christian community in Gaza was still much in existence in the early Islamic era of rule in Palestine, capable of artistic achievements. The remains of the pavement spared by the iconoclasts show depictions of wild game and country scenes; the late dating of the mosaic pavement proves that the intervention of the iconoclasts, after 750, is than thought and is associated with Abbasid conservatives. While working on the Salah al-Din Road, laborers accidentally uncovered a monastery from the Byzantine period; the site was excavated by the Palestinian Department of Antiquities.

Now the stunning Byzantine mosaics of the monastery are covered with sand to shield them from erosion caused by the direct impact of the winter rain. Byzantine ceramics have been found. Jabalia was known for its fertile citrus trees; the Mamluk Governor of Gaza Sanjar al-Jawli ruled the area in the early 14th-century and endowed part of Jabalia's land to the al‑Shamah Mosque he built in Gaza. In Jabalia is the medieval Omeri Mosque. No structures from the ancient part of the mosque remain, except the minaret; the rest of the mosque is of modern construction. The portico consists of three arcades supported by four stone columns; the arcades have pointed arches and the portico is covered by crossing vaults. Incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, Jabalia appeared in the 1596 tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Gaza of the Liwa of Gazza, it had a population of 331 households, all Muslim, who paid taxes on wheat, vine yards and fruit trees. 2/3 of the revenue went to a waqf.

In 1838, Edward Robinson noted Jebalia as a Muslim village, located in the Gaza district. In 1863, the French explorer Victor Guérin found in the mosque fragments of old constructions, at the well some broken columns. An Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that the village had a population of 828, in a total of 254 houses, though the population count included men, only. In the Palestine Exploration Fund's 1883 Survey of Western Palestine, Jabalia was described as being a large adobe village, with gardens and a well on the north-west, it had a mosque named Jamia Abu Berjas. In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jabalia had a population of 1,775 inhabitants, all Muslim, increasing in the 1931 census to 2,425, still all Muslims, in 631 houses. In the 1945 statistics, Jabalia had a population of 3,520, all Muslims, with 11,497 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 138 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 1,009 for plantations and irrigable land, 1,036 for cereals, while 101 dunams were built-up land.

In late 2006, Jabalia was the scene of mass protests against airstrikes on militants' homes. Israel contacted the residences of several Hamas members who launched missiles at Israeli civilians from the houses, warning them of an airstrike within the next 30 minutes. Neighbors responded by forming a human shield and stalled the demolition. Jabalia has an above-average rate of male pseudohermaphrodite births. Jehad Abudaia, a Canadian-Palestinian pediatrician and urologist, has suggested that consanguinity due to cousin marriages accounts for the prevalence of pseudohermaphrodite births. In the Gaza Strip, pseudohermaphrodite conditions go undetected for years after birth due to the region's lower standards of medical treatment and diagnostics. Groningen, Netherlands. UNRWA Jabalia Welcome To The City of Jabaliya Survey of Western Palestine, Map 19: IAA, Wikimedia commons

Egby Church

Egby Church is a Lutheran church on the Swedish island Öland, in the Baltic Sea. It belongs to the Diocese of Växjö. Egby Church is the smallest church on Öland; the present stone church was preceded by a wooden church. The oldest parts of the present building are the apse, parts of the choir and the southern wall of the nave, dating from the 12th century; the church was rebuilt during early 13th century into a fortified church. At the middle of the 13th century, the church porch was also added; the sacristy is furthermore medieval. The church was quite rebuilt during a renovation which began in 1817 and which wasn't finished until the 1830s. During this time the church tower was added and the interior redecorated; the church was renovated in 1959. Visible from sea, the church is a known landmark for mariners; the church contains a medieval altar and a baptismal font dating from the 12th century in the style of Hegvald. The altarpiece and pulpit are from the mid-18th century and made by master carpenter Nils Lindman.

Media related to Egby Church at Wikimedia Commons

Air Raid Precautions in the United Kingdom

Air Raid Precautions refers to a number of organisations and guidelines in the United Kingdom dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air raids. Government consideration for air raid precautions increased in the 1920s and 30s, with the Raid Wardens' Service set up in 1937 to report on bombing incidents; every local council was responsible for organising ARP wardens, ambulance drivers, rescue parties, liaison with police and fire brigades. From 1 September 1939, ARP wardens enforced the "blackout". Heavy curtains and shutters were required on all private residences, commercial premises, factories to prevent light escaping and so making them a possible target for enemy bombers to locate their targets. With increased enemy bombing during the Blitz, the ARP services were central in reporting and dealing with bombing incidents, they managed. Women were involved in ARP services through the Women's Voluntary Service; the Auxiliary Fire Service was set up in 1938 to support existing local fire services, which were amalgamated into a National Fire Service in 1941.

From 1941 the ARP changed its title to Civil Defence Service to reflect the wider range of roles it encompassed. During the war 7,000 Civil Defence workers were killed. In all some 1.5 million men and women served within the organisation during World War Two. Over 127,000 full-time personnel were involved at the height of the Blitz but by the end of 1943 this had dropped to 70,000; the Civil Defence Service was stood down towards the end of the war in Europe on 2 May 1945. Between 1949 and 1968 many of the duties of the Civil Defence Service were resurrected through the Civil Defence Corps. During the First World War Britain was bombed by Zeppelins and Gotha bombers and it was predicted that large-scale aerial bombing of the civilian population would feature prominently in any future war. In 1924, the Committee of Imperial Defence set up a subcommittee to look at what measure could be taken to protect the civil population from aerial attack; the new committee, known as Air Raid Precautions, was headed by the Lord Privy Seal, Sir John Anderson.

For the next ten years this committee looked into issues of new aerial weapons development and the possible impact on civilians. The use of gas attacks in the First World War played heavy on the decisions and protection via gas masks was a core decision taken by the committee; every single person would need a gas mask. Together with ideas around the building of air raid shelters, evacuations of people and blackout requirements these were all termed passive air defence. With the rise of Hitler during the 1930s, a further Home Office committee, the Air Raid Precautions Department, was created in March 1935; this department replaced the earlier subcommittees and took overall control of the British response to passive air defence. In April 1937, the Air Raid Wardens' Service was created which aimed to seek some 800,000 volunteers. Wardens gave ARP advice to the public and were responsible for reporting bombs and other incidents, were joined by the Women's Voluntary Service in May 1938. On 1 January 1938, the Air Raid Precautions Act came into force, compelling all local authorities to begin creating their own ARP services.

Air raid shelters were distributed from 1938. With the threat of war imminent in 1939, the Home Office issued dozens of leaflets advising people on how to protect themselves from the inevitable air war to follow; the ARP services were to include several specialist branches: ARP wardens ensured the blackout was observed, sounded air raid sirens, safely guided people into public air raid shelters and checked gas masks, evacuated areas around unexploded bombs, rescued people where possible from bomb damaged properties, located temporary accommodation for those, bombed out, reporting to their control centre about incidents, etc. and to call in other services as required. Central headquarters that received information from wardens and messengers and managed the delivery of the relevant services needed to deal with each incident. Boy Scouts or Boys' Brigade members aged between 14 and 18 as messengers or runners would take messages from air raid wardens and carry them to either the sector post or the control centre.

Bombing would sometimes cut telephone lines and messengers performed an important role in giving the ARP services a fuller picture of events. Trained to give first response first aid to those injured in bombing incidents. Casualties from bombing were taken to hospital by volunteer drivers. There were stretcher parties that carried the injured to posts; the rescue services were injured out of bombed premises. Specialists to deal with and clean up incidents involving chemical and gas weapons. Following the destruction caused by the bombing of the City of London in late December 1940, the Fire Watcher scheme was introduced in January 1941. All buildings in certain areas had to have a 24-hour watch kept. In the event of fire these fire watchers could call on the rescue services and ensure they could access the building to deal with incidents. Local councils were responsible for organising all the necessary ARP services in their areas. Although the standard procedures prescribed that the ideal warden should be at least 30 years old and women of all ages were wardens.

In certain instances, given special needs of communities teenagers were wardens. The role of ARP was open to both men and women but only men could serve in the gas contamination (teams that dealt with

Electric Sweat

Electric Sweat is the second studio album of The Mooney Suzuki, following on from People Get Ready in 2000. The album was released in April 2002, it was re-released on Columbia Records in 2003. All tracks by Jr.. "Electric Sweat" - 3:36 "In a Young Man's Mind" - 3:13 "Oh Sweet Susanna" - 3:34 "A Little Bit of Love" - 2:30 "It's Not Easy" - 4:07 "Natural Fact" - 3:00 "It's Showtime Pt. II" - 3:32 "I Woke Up This Mornin'" - 3:44 "The Broken Heart" - 5:31 "Electrocuted Blues" - 2:48 Michael Bangs – bass Jim Diamond – producer, engineer Mike Fornatale – cover photo John Goldenmastering Sammy James Jr. – guitar, vocals Todd Osborn – cover photo Graham Tyler – guitar Album review at Drowned in Sound