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Dwarf (Middle-earth)

In the fantasy of J. R. R. Tolkien, the Dwarves are a race inhabiting Middle-earth, the central continent of Earth in an imagined mythological past, they are based on the dwarfs of Germanic myths: small humanoids that dwell in mountains, are associated with mining, metallurgy and jewellery. They appear in his books The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, the posthumously published The Silmarillion, Unfinished Tales, The History of Middle-earth series, the last three edited by his son and literary executor Christopher Tolkien. In The Book of Lost Tales the few Dwarves who appear are portrayed as evil beings, employers of Orc mercenaries and in conflict with the Elves—who are the imagined "authors" of the myths, are therefore biased against Dwarves. Tolkien was inspired by the dwarves of Norse myths and dwarves of Germanic folklore, from whom his Dwarves take their characteristic affinity with mining, metalworking and avarice; the representation of Dwarves as evil changed with The Hobbit. Here the Dwarves became comedic and bumbling, but seen as honourable, serious-minded, but still portraying some negative characteristics such as being gold-hungry proud and officious.

Tolkien was now influenced by his own selective reading of medieval texts regarding the Jewish people and their history. The dwarves' characteristics of being dispossessed of their homeland, living among other groups whilst retaining their own culture are all derived from the medieval image of Jews, whilst their warlike nature stems from accounts in the Hebrew Bible. Medieval views of Jews saw them as having a propensity for making well-crafted and beautiful things, a trait shared with Norse dwarves. For The Hobbit all dwarf-names are taken from the Dvergatal or "Catalogue of the Dwarves", found in the Poetic Edda. However, more than just supplying names, the "Catalogue of the Dwarves" appears to have inspired Tolkien to supply meaning and context to the list of names—that they travelled together, this in turn became the quest told of in The Hobbit; the Dwarves' written language is represented in illustrations by Anglo-Saxon Runes. The Dwarf calendar invented; the dwarves taking Bilbo out of his complacent existence has been seen as an eloquent metaphor for the "impoverishment of Western society without Jews".

When writing The Lord of the Rings Tolkien continued many of the themes he had set up in The Hobbit. When giving Dwarves their own language Tolkien decided to create an analogue of a Semitic language influenced by Hebrew phonology. Like medieval Jewish groups, the Dwarves use their own language only amongst themselves, adopted the languages of those they live amongst for the most part, for example taking public names from the cultures they lived within, whilst keeping their "true-names" and true language a secret. Along with a few words in Khuzdul, Tolkien developed runes of his own invention, said to have been invented by Elves and adopted by the Dwarves. Tolkien further underlines the diaspora of the Dwarves with the lost stronghold of the Mines of Moria. In The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses the main dwarf character Gimli to reconcile the conflict between Elves and Dwarves through showing great courtesy to Galadriel and forming a deep friendship with Legolas, seen as Tolkien's reply toward "Gentile anti-Semitism and Jewish exclusiveness".

Tolkien elaborated on Jewish influence on his Dwarves in a letter: "I do think of the'Dwarves' like Jews: at once native and alien in their habitations, speaking the languages of the country, but with an accent due to their own private tongue..." After preparing The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien returned again to the matter of the Silmarillion, in which he gave the Dwarves a creation myth. The most Dwarf-centric story from The Book of Lost Tales, "The Nauglafring", was not redrafted to fit with the positive portrayal of the dwarves from The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, nor other events in the Silmarillion, leading Christopher Tolkien to rewrite it with input from Guy Gavriel Kay in preparation for publication. Sometime before 1969, Tolkien wrote the essay Of Dwarves and Men, in which he gave detailed consideration to the Dwarves' use of language, that the names given in the stories were of Northern Mannish origin, Khuzdul being their own secret tongue and the naming of the Seven Houses of the Dwarves.

The essay represents the last of Tolkien's writing regarding the Dwarves and was published in volume 12 of The History of Middle-earth in 1996. In the last interview before his death, after discussing the nature of Elves says of his Dwarves: "The dwarves of course are quite wouldn't you say that in many ways they remind you of the Jews? Their words are Semitic constructed to be Semitic." The original editor of The Hobbit "corrected" Tolkien's plural dwarves to dwarfs, as did the editor of the Puffin paperback edition of The Hobbit. According to Tolkien, the "real ` historical"' plural of dwarf is dwerrows, he referred to dwarves as "a piece of private bad grammar". In Appendix F of The Lord of the Rings it is explained that if we still spoke of dwarves English might have retained a special plural for the word dwarf as with goose—geese. Despite Tolkien's fondness for it, the form dwarrow only appears in his writing as Dwarrowdelf, a name for Moria. Tolkien used Dwarves, corresponding to his Elf and Elves.

In this matter, one has to consider the fact that the etym

Jonas Mouton

Jonas Mouton is a former American football linebacker. He played his college football for the Michigan Wolverines football team, he started at weakside linebacker and was a rated safety for Venice High School. He led the Big Ten Conference in tackles for the 2010 NCAA Division I FBS football season, he was the starting weakside linebacker for 2009 team and 2010 teams. Mouton was named on the preseason watch list for the 2010 Butkus Award for linebackers and was a postseason 2010 All-Big Ten Conference second team selection by the media. In high school, he played safety in the U. S. Army All-American Bowl. Mouton played as a defensive back at Venice High School. In September 2005, the Los Angeles Times ran a feature story about his accomplishments at Venice; the Times story opened as follows:"The hardest-working player on the Venice High football team is Jonas Mouton, he has ability to match. A 6-foot-2, 215-pound senior defensive back with linebacker-like hitting skills, a quarterback's awareness of the field and the shifty quickness of a running back, Mouton could rely on natural abilities and coast through high school.

But he out-hustled, out-ran and out-lifted just about everyone else during spring practice his sophomore year to earn a spot on varsity. He hasn't slowed since." The major high school rating reports evaluated him as a safety. listed him as the third best safety in the class of 2006, the seventh best California football player and the 45th best player in the nation. ranked him as the sixth best safety. ESPN ranked him as the 14th best safety and 128th best high school football player in the 2006 class, he participated in the January 7, 2006 U. S. Army All-American Bowl, he made his career debut on September 15, 2007 against Notre Dame. On January 1, 2008, in the Capital One Bowl against Florida he had a 20-yard kickoff return. On September 6, 2008, he made his first career start against Miami. On September 27, 2008, he had his first quarterback sack in an eight-tackle effort against Wisconsin. Mouton had his first ten-tackle game on October 2008 against Penn State. On November 15, 2008 against Northwestern he set.

Over the course of the season, he started eleven of the twelve games at weakside linebacker. That season, he finished second on the Wolverines in tackles. However, following the season he was unavailable when 2009 spring practice began due to an injured shoulder. In the September 12, 2009 Michigan – Notre Dame rivalry game Mouton punched a Notre Dame player and was suspended. Twice in 2009 he had ten tackles. Both games matched his career-high tackles total and against Ohio State, he added an interception, he started at weakside linebacker in all eleven games. Mouton was one of fifty-one players named on the preseason watch list for the 2010 Butkus Award for linebackers. On September 11, 2010, Mouton set a career-high with thirteen Notre Dame. In that game, he made an interception that led to a one-play thirty-one-yard Michigan touchdown drive. At the midpoint of Michigan's 12-game 2010 regular season schedule, he ranked second in the Big Ten Conference in tackles and tied for sixth in interceptions.

He took over the lead in tackles after Michigan's eighth game. With a career-high fourteen tackles against Illinois in the ninth game of the season on November 6, he retained his first place rank in the conference and moved up from 32nd to 20th on the national list. Coupled with the 12 tackles on October 30 against Penn State, it was the first time he had back-to-back double digit tackle performances. Mouton was unavailable for the Purdue game on November 13 due to a chest injury. However, the following week against Wisconsin he resumed his streak of double digit tackle performances with thirteen; this moved him up to 17th in the nation in tackles. Mouton ended the 2010 Big Ten Conference football season as the leader in tackles. Following the Big Ten conference regular season he was a second team All-Conference selection by the media, he was named the 2010 winner of The Roger Zatkoff Award as the team's top linebacker. Mouton was one of 32 linebackers invited to participate in the February 24 – March 1, 2011 NFL Scouting Combine.

He ranked twelfth in the Standing long jump with a distance of 9 feet 7 inches. He ranked eleventh in the 3 cone drill with a time of 7.08. He ranked fourteenth in the 20-yard shuttle with a time of 4.34. Mouton was drafted by the San Diego Chargers with the 61st overall pick in the 2011 NFL Draft; the Chargers obtained the pick in a trade that sent Antonio Cromartie to the New York Jets. In week 3 of the 2011 NFL season, the Chargers put Mouton on injured reserve for the season. Mouton began the 2012 season inactive, he made his NFL debut on December 2 against the Cincinnati Bengals. On July 26, 2013, Mouton suffered a torn ACL during training camp; as a result, Mouton was eliminated for the entire 2013 season. On July 23, 2014, Mouton was waived. Archived version of Official bio at Michigan Mouton at CBS Sports Mouton at Mouton at NCAA

Daniel Ramsay

Daniel Ramsay is a New Zealand rugby union footballer who plays as a lock for Section Paloise in the Top 14. Ramsay made his debut for Southland in their final game of the 2006 Air New Zealand Cup. Over the following two seasons, he developed into a regular squad member, he scored his first two provincial tries during the 2008 Air New Zealand Cup. For the 2009 Air New Zealand Cup, Ramsay signed with Wellington. With the Lions, he had his finest provincial season, making 15 appearances and 14 starts, scored four tries, he started a further four games in the 2010 ITM Cup before being sidelined for the remainder of the season following shoulder surgery. Of Ngāi Tahu descent, Ramsay played for New Zealand Māori in 2010. Ramsay moved back south for the 2011 ITM Cup, signing with Otago, he is playing as lock for French Top 14 club Section Paloise in Pau, France. Otago Profile

2015 Central Bedfordshire Council election

Elections to Central Bedfordshire Council were held on 7 May 2015, along with the 2015 United Kingdom general election and other local elections. The whole council was up for election, with each successful candidate serving a four-year term of office, expiring in 2019; the Conservative Party retained overall control of the council, winning 53 of the 59 seats on the council. Of the remaining 6 seats, 3 were won by Independents, 2 by the Labour Party and 1 by the Liberal Democrats; the overall turnout was 66.37% with a total of 258,389 valid votes cast. A total of 1,085 ballots were rejected in the 25 wards in which the number of rejected votes was reported. Following the 2011 election, the composition of the council was: After the election, the composition of the council was: I - Independent L - LabourLD - Liberal Democrats Asterisks denote incumbent Councillors seeking re-election. Councillors seeking re-election were elected in 2011, results are compared to that year's polls on that basis. All results are listed below: A total of 123 ballots were rejected.

A total of 84 ballots were rejected. A total of 33 ballots were rejected. A total of 13 ballots were rejected. A total of 36 ballots were rejected. A total of 25 ballots were rejected. A total of 46 ballots were rejected. A total of 24 ballots were rejected; the number of ballots rejected was not reported by the council. The number of ballots rejected was not reported by the council. A total of 41 ballots were rejected; the number of ballots rejected was not reported by the council. The number of ballots rejected was not reported by the council. A total of 21 ballots were rejected. A total of 57 ballots were rejected. Mark Versallion was re-elected unopposed. A total of 22 ballots were rejected. A total of 65 ballots were rejected. A total of 102 ballots were rejected. A total of 73 ballots were rejected. A total of 71 ballots were rejected. A total of 14 ballots were rejected. A total of 13 ballots were rejected. A total of 33 ballots were rejected. A total of 37 ballots were rejected. A total of 31 ballots were rejected.

A total of 23 ballots were rejected. A total of 38 ballots were rejected. A total of 34 ballots were rejected. A total of 25 ballots were rejected; the number of ballots rejected was not reported by the council

Turilli / Lione Rhapsody

Turilli / Lione Rhapsody is an Italian symphonic power metal band formed on December 5, 2018 by former Rhapsody of Fire members Luca Turilli and Fabio Lione. The lineup includes former Rhapsody of Fire members Alex Holzwarth, Patrice Guers, Dominique Leurquin. Prior to the band's formation, the same lineup performed under the Rhapsody moniker for the 20th Anniversary Farewell Tour, which celebrated 20 years of the original band's existence. On the same day that the band formed, the band started a crowdfunding campaign on Indiegogo to fund their debut studio album. Turilli and Lione branded their new band's music style as a "new generation of symphonic metal" based on their artistic mantra "Rebirth and Evolution", underlining the clear intention of evolving their sound into something different and innovative. At the end of December 2018, Turilli and Lione entered the studio to record their new band's debut album Zero Gravity, released on July 5, 2019. Luca Turilli - lead guitar, rhythm guitar, keyboards Fabio Lione - lead vocals Dominique Leurquin - rhythm guitar, lead guitar Patrice Guers - bass Alex Holzwarth - drums Zero Gravity "Phoenix Rising" "D.

N. A." "Zero Gravity" "Zero Gravity"

Cy Perkins

Ralph Foster "Cy" Perkins was an American professional baseball player and manager. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball most notably for the Philadelphia Athletics. Perkins threw right-handed, stood 5 feet 10 inches tall and weighed 158 pounds, he was born in Massachusetts. Perkins served as a catcher with New York Yankees and Detroit Tigers, he was the starting catcher for Philadelphia until Mickey Cochrane joined the team in 1925. After that Perkins served as a backup, being hailed as the man who taught Cochrane to catch without injuring his hands, he was a member of the Athletics' World Series champion teams in 1929 and 1930. In 17 MLB seasons and 1,171 games played, Perkins was a.259 hitter with 933 hits, 175 doubles, 35 triples, 30 home runs, 409 runs batted in. Following his playing career, Perkins coached for 17 years in the Major Leagues with the Yankees and Philadelphia Phillies, he worked with two World Series champions, the Yankees of 1932 and the Tigers of 1935, for two league pennant-winners, the 1934 Tigers and the 1950 Phillies.

He managed Detroit in 1937 and posted a 6–9 record. Cy Perkins died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the age of 67. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference The Deadball Era – obituary The Virtual Card Collection