International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay.
The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces.
Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
Earl of Clancarty
Earl of Clancarty is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created for the first time in 1658 in favour of Donough MacCarty, 2nd Viscount Muskerry and he had earlier represented County Cork in the Irish House of Commons. Lord Clancarty had already created a baronet in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia in c. 1638. The title of Viscount Muskerry had been created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1628 for his father Charles MacCarty. The first Earl Donough MacCarty was succeeded by his grandson Charles, the second Earl, he was the son of Charles MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry, Lord Clancarty died as an infant and was succeeded by his uncle Callaghan MacCarty, the third Earl. On his death the titles passed to his son Donough MacCarty and he was a supporter of King James II and was attainted in 1691, with his titles forfeited. His son and heir apparent Robert MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry, served as Governor of Newfoundland but was excepted from the Indemnity Act 1747 which pardoned Jacobites, the title was created for a second time in 1803 in favour of William Trench, 1st Viscount Dunlo.
These titles were in the Peerage of Ireland, Trench was a descendant of a daughter of the first Viscount Muskerry, hence his choice of title when elevated to an earldom in 1803. Lord Clancarty had nineteen children and was succeeded by his eldest son and he was a prominent politician and diplomat. Lord Clancarty notably served as President of the Board of Trade and as Ambassador to The Netherlands, on 8 July 1815 he was entered into the Netherlands Nobility by King William I of the Netherlands and granted by Royal Decree the title Marquess of Heusden. The fifth Earls eldest son, the sixth Earl, died without surviving issue and was succeeded by his younger brother. He died childless and was succeeded by his half-brother, the eighth Earl, as of 2010 the titles are held by his nephew, who succeeded in 1995. He is the son of the Hon. Power Edward Ford Le Poer Trench. The Earls of Clancarty sat in the House of Lords as Viscount Clancarty until the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999 and was re-elected as a Cross-Bench Peer on 23 June 2010, several other members of the Trench family have gained distinction.
Eyre Trench, brother of the first Earl, was a Lieutenant-General in the Army, the Most Reverend the Hon. Power Trench, third son of the first Earl, was Archbishop of Tuam. The Hon. William Le Poer Trench, fourth son of the first Earl, was a Rear-Admiral in the Royal Navy, the Venerable the Hon. Charles Le Poer Trench, fifth son of the first Earl, was Archdeacon of Ardagh. His son Henry Luke Trench was a Major-General in the Bengal Staff Corps, sir Robert Le Poer Trench, ninth son of the first Earl, was a Colonel in the Army and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. The Hon. William Le Poer Trench, third son of the third Earl, was a Colonel in the Royal Engineers, the Trench family claims French Huguenot descent, although a Scottish origin is possible
Emly or Emlybeg or The Marsh is a village in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is a parish in the historical barony of Clanwilliam. It is an Ecclesiastical parish in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and it is situated on the R515 Regional Road which goes west from Tipperary Town to Abbeyfeale, County Limerick. Emly lies 14 km west of Tipperary town and had a population of 278 in the 2002 census, the parish, which includes the surrounding countryside, has a population of about 1,000. The yew tree references pre-Christian history of Emly, Emly is one of the oldest centres of Christianity in Ireland and pre-dates the coming to Ireland of the National Apostle, St. Patrick. Up until the early Middle Ages Emly was the diocese in the south of Ireland. St. Ailbe is Patron Saint of the Archdiocese of Cashel, the Protestant cathedral functioned with a Chapter until the mid - 19th century when it was dismantled and its materials sold for construction purposes. The site of Emly was in ancient times known as Medón Mairtine, after they appear to vanish from the Irish landscape, the powerful Eóganachta are found using the site for their chief church in early historical times.
The large Catholic St Ailbes Church was built in the 1880s, Emly was the site of a monastery founded by Saint Ailbe, which became famous for its school. Emly was established as a see in 1118 by the Synod of Ráth Breasail. In the Catholic Church, the diocese was merged in 1715 with the Archbishopric of Cashel, the merged entity is today known as the Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly. In the Church of Ireland, the diocese, having formerly been united with Cashel, is now part of the United Dioceses of Limerick, Killaloe, Clonfert, see Annals of Inisfallen AI708.1 Kl. Conamail son of Carthach, abbot of Imlech Ibuir, cellach, abbot of Imlech Ibuir, rested. Tríchmech, abbot of Les Mór, and Abnér, aI771.1 Brócán, son of Aduar, from Imlech. Repose of Flann son of Fairchellach, abbot of Les Mór, Imlech Ibuir, Repose of Dainél, abbot of Les Mór and Corcach. The slaying of Eógan son of Cenn Faelad, abbot of Imlech Ibuir, Repose of Mescell son of Cumascach, abbot of Imlech Ibuir, and Flann, son of Conall, took the abbacy after him.
Repose of Flann son of Conail, abbot of Imlech Ibuir, Repose of Tipraite son of Mael Finn, abbot of Imlech Ibuir. AI914.2 Eochu, son of Scandán, took the abbacy of Imlech lbuir, Repose of Mac Lenna, abbot of Imlech Ibuir
The Blarney Stone is a block of Carboniferous limestone built into the battlements of Blarney Castle, about 8 kilometres from Cork, Ireland. According to legend, kissing the stone endows the kisser with the gift of the gab, the stone was set into a tower of the castle in 1446. The castle is a popular tourist site in Ireland, attracting visitors from all over the world to kiss the stone and tour the castle, the word blarney has come to mean clever, flattering, or coaxing talk. Irish politician John OConnor Power defined it this way, Blarney is something more than mere flattery and it is flattery sweetened by humour and flavoured by wit. Those who mix with Irish folk have many examples of it in their everyday experience, a number of stories attempt to explain the origin of the stone and surrounding legend. An early story involves the goddess Clíodhna, Cormac Laidir McCarthy, the builder of Blarney Castle, being involved in a lawsuit in the 15th century, appealed to Clíodhna for her assistance.
She told McCarthy to kiss the first stone he found in the morning on his way to court, thus the Blarney Stone is said to impart the ability to deceive without offending. MacCarthy incorporated it into the parapet of the castle, the proprietors of Blarney Castle list several other explanations of the origins of the stone on their website. Many of these suppose that the stone had previously been in Ireland, was taken to Scotland, the stories listed include one suggesting that the stone was presented to Cormac McCarthy by Robert the Bruce in 1314 in recognition of his support in the Battle of Bannockburn. This legend holds that this was a piece of the Stone of Scone and was installed at McCarthys castle of Blarney. The ritual of kissing the Blarney Stone, according to the proprietors, has been performed by millions of people, including world statesmen. The kiss, however, is not casually achieved, to touch the stone with ones lips, the participant must ascend to the castles peak, lean over backwards on the parapets edge.
This is traditionally achieved with the help of an assistant, although the parapet is now fitted with wrought-iron guide rails and protective crossbars, the ritual can still trigger attacks of acrophobia, an extreme or irrational fear of heights. Before the safeguards were installed, the kiss was performed with real risk to life and limb, as participants were grasped by the ankles, in the Sherlock Holmes radio dramatisation The Adventure of the Blarney Stone, a man attempting to kiss the Blarney Stone falls to his death. Holmes investigation reveals this as a murder, the mans boots having been surreptitiously greased before the attempt. William Henry Hurlbert wrote in 1888 that the legend of the stone seemed to be less than a years old at that time. The legend of the Blarney Stone was described in A classical dictionary of the tongue by Francis Grose. It is claimed that the synonymy of blarney with empty flattery or beguiling talk derives from one of two sources, one story involves the goddess Clíodhna and Cormac Laidir MacCarthy
Count of Toulouse
The Count of Toulouse was the ruler of Toulouse during the 8th to 13th centuries. Originating as vassals of the Frankish kings, the counts ruled the city of Toulouse. The counts and other members were at various times counts of Quercy, Albi, and Nîmes. Count Raymond IV founded the Crusader state of Tripoli, and his descendants were counts there. They reached the zenith of their power during the 11th and 12th centuries, during the youth of young Louis the Pious his tutor, ruled at Toulouse as the first count. In 788, Count Torson was captured by the Basques under Adalric, upon his release, Charlemagne, at the Council of Worms, replaced him with his Frankish cousin, William of Gellone. William in turn successfully subdued the Gascons, in the ninth century, Toulouse suffered in common with the rest of western Europe. It was besieged by Charles the Bald in 844, and taken four years by the Normans, about 852, Raymond I, count of Quercy, succeeded his brother Fredelo as Count of Rouergue and Toulouse.
It is from Raymond that all the counts of Toulouse document their descent. Raymond IIs grandson, William III, married Emma of Provence, from this time on, the counts of Toulouse were powerful lords in southern France. Raymond IV, assumed the titles of Marquis of Provence, Duke of Narbonne. Afterward, the count set sail with the First Crusade, after the conquest of Jerusalem, he set siege to the City of Tripoli in the Levant. Raymond died before the city was taken in 1109, but is considered the first Count of Tripoli and his son, took the title. He and his successors ruled the Crusader state until 1187, Raymonds son and successor, had followed him to the Holy Land in 1109. Therefore, at Raymonds death the great estates and Toulouse went to Bertrands brother. His rule, was disturbed by the ambition of William IX and his granddaughter, Eleanor of Aquitaine, who urged her husband Louis VII of France to support her claims to Toulouse by war. Upon her divorce from Louis and her subsequent marriage to Henry II of England, Eleanor pressed her claims through Henry, Raymond V, a patron of the troubadours, died in 1194, and was succeeded by his son, Raymond VI.
Following the 1208 assassination of the Papal legate, Pierre de Castelnau, Raymond was excommunicated, Raymond was eager to appease the Pope, and was pardoned
Annals of Inisfallen
The Annals of Inisfallen are a chronicle of the medieval history of Ireland. There are more than 2,500 entries spanning the years between 433 and 1450, the manuscript is thought to have been compiled in 1092, as the chronicle is written by a single scribe down to that point but updated by many different hands thereafter. This has many elements in common with Lebor Gabála Érenn, the annals are now housed in the Bodleian Library in Oxford. In 2001, Brian OLeary, a Fianna Fáil councillor in Killarney, call for Annals of Innisfallen to be returned to Killarney — local newspaper article
Kingdom of Desmond
The Kingdom of Desmond was a historic kingdom located on the southwestern coast of Ireland. The name is Irish in origin – Deas-Mhumhain – which means South Munster, the Kingdom of Desmond originated in 1118, based on the Treaty of Glanmire, when the major parts of the prior Kingdom of Munster fractured into the Kingdom of Desmond and the Kingdom of Thomond. From its inception in 1118 through 1596, the Kingdom of Desmond was ruled by the family of the MacCarthy Mór, for centuries the MacCarthy Mórs reigned as Kings of Desmond, and maintained significant demesne lands throughout the kingdom. Principal seats were at Pallis Castle, Castle Lough, and Ballycarbery Castle, principal seats of the Lords/Princes of Carbery were at Kilbrittain Castle, as well as Timoleague Castle. Possession of the latter was frequently in dispute with the Norman family of Barry, some of the more notable sub-lordships under the MacCarthy Reagh dynasty of Carbery included castles at Ballydehob, Downeen and Kilgobbin, to name but a few.
The MacCarthys of Muskerry, on the hand, derived more recently from the MacCarthys Mór. This principality of the Kingdom of Desmond began in the 14th century as an appanage of King Cormac Mór MacCarthy Mór for his second son, Dermod. From its rebuilding in the late 15th century by Cormac Laidir MacCarthy, Blarney Castle and it was from alleged dialogue between Cormac Teige MacCarthy, the Lord of Blarney, and Queen Elizabeth I of England, that the term blarney was coined to mean empty flattery or beguiling talk. It is from Blarney Castle that the legend of kissing the Blarney Stone derives, the third of the princely lines that began as appanages of the MacCarthy Mór dynasty was that of the MacCarthys of Duhallow, known as the MacDonough MacCarthys. The Duhallow sept began in the 13th century as an appanage from the then-King of Desmond, Cormac Fionn MacCarthy Mór, to his son Diarmuid. It was the Gaelic lordship of Duhallow that occupied the frontier of the MacCarthys of Desmond in their sometime struggles with the Norman family of the FitzGeralds.
The principal seat of the Lords of Duhallow was at Kanturk, the family of the MacDonough MacCarthy Lords/Princes of Duhallow became extinct in the 18th century. The sept of Sliocht Eoghan of Coshmaing was established in the 14th century by King Cormac Mór MacCarthy Mór for his son, Eoghan. According to Butler, Of the MacCarthy septs in the Barony of Magunihy, the lands of this sept stretched along the whole northern frontier of Magunihy from a point near Castlemaine to the border of Cork. The head of Sliocht Eoghan of Coshmaing was styled as Lord of Coshmaing, the principal seat of the Coshmaing lordship was at Molahiffe, with other castles at Fieries and Clonmeallane. Both inside and outside the territories of the Kingdom of Desmond in southwestern Ireland, most prominent of the Norman families in the area were the FitzGeralds, FitzMaurices, Barrys and Roches. The chief non-MacCarthy Gaelic princes under the MacCarthy Mórs in Desmond were the OSullivans, after them were the ODonoghues, and these two were the only septs who took part in the performance of the MacCarthy inauguration ceremonies – i. e.
the bestowal of the White Wand. Also prominent were the OCallaghans, OKeeffes, McAuliffes, OSheas, within Carbery, aside from the MacCarthy Reaghs, the most prominent Gaelic families were the princely sept of the ODonovans, the OMahonys, ODriscolls, ODalys, and OCrowleys
Cashel, County Tipperary
Cashel is a town in County Tipperary in Ireland. Its population was 2,936 at the 2006 census, the town gives its name to the ecclesiastical province of Cashel. Additionally, the cathedra of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and it is part of the parish of Cashel and Rosegreen in the same archdiocese. One of the six cathedrals of the Anglican Bishop of Cashel and Ossory and it is in the civil parish of St. Patricksrock which is in the historical barony of Middle Third. The town is situated in the Golden Vale, an area of rolling pastureland in the province of Munster and it is located off the M8 Dublin to Cork motorway. Prior to the construction of the motorway by-pass, the town was noted as a bottleneck on the N8 Dublin to Cork route, Bus Éireann operates an expressway service between Dublin and Cork which calls at Cashel. Bus Éireann route 128X provides a link to Portlaoise via Urlingford, the Shamrock Bus Company operates a Thurles to Clonmel route via Cashel. The nearest rail station is Cahir railway station,17 kilometres distant and this station is particularly useful if travelling east to/from Waterford.
However the most practical rail station for Cashel is at Thurles railway station as this is on the Dublin-Cork InterCity rail line, the nearest airports are Cork Airport and Shannon Airport, both of which are around 80 km away. The Rock of Cashel, to which the town owes its origin, is an isolated elevation of stratified limestone, rising abruptly from a broad. The top of this eminence is crowned by a group of remarkable ruins, originally known as Fairy Hill, or Sid-Druim, the Rock was, in pagan times, the dun, or castle, of the ancient Eoghnacht Chiefs of Munster. In Gaelic, Caiseal denotes a circular stone fort and is the name of places in Ireland. The Book of Rights suggests the name is derived from Cais-il, i. e. tribute stone, here Corc, grandfather of Aengus Mac Natfraich, erected a fort. Cashel subsequently became the capital of Munster and, like Tara and Armagh, at the time of St. Patrick, when Aengus ruled as king, Cashel claimed supremacy over all the royal duns of the province. In the 5th century, the Eóganachta dynasty founded their capital on, many kings of Munster have reigned here since.
Saint Patrick is believed to have baptised Cashels third king, Aengus, in 977 the Dál gCais usurper, Brian Boru, was crowned here as the first non-Eóghanacht king of Cashel and Munster in over five hundred years. In 1101 his great-grandson, King Muirchertach Ua Briain, gave the place to the bishop of Limerick, thus denying it forever to the MacCarthys, the senior branch of the Eóganachta. The bishops had a school in Cashel and sent priests all over the continent, especially to Regensburg in Germany
Lordship of Molahiffe
The Gaelic-Irish Lordship of Molahiffe was created in the 14th century by Eóghan Mór MacCarthy, Lord of Coshmaing, as a grant to his son, Donal. Molahiffe Castle was the seat of The Paramount Lordship of Cosmaigne, alternate spellings of Molahiffe include Mullahiffe, Moylahiffe. The area of the original Lordship of Molahiffe was within the territory of the Paramount Lordship of Cosmaigne/Coshmaing, and descended from the original appanage of Sliocht Eóghan na Coshmaing. Although, in the present day, no territory attaches to the title of Lord of Molahiffe, it was, in the 14th-century, located in the Kingdom of Desmond, in modern-day County Kerry, Barony of Magunihy. The northern boundary of the Lordship of Molahiffe was the River Maine, however, as Butler notes, The two projections of the barony to the north of the Maine are in Molahiffe. The area of Molahiffe projecting to the north of the River Maine extended to the ridgeline of the Slieve Mish mountain range, which partly bisects the Dingle Peninsula.
Among the cadet lines of the original Sliocht Eóghan of Coshmaing, the last known possible claimant to the Molahiffe title was Brig. Gen. Sir Charles MacCarthy, who died in an 1824 battle with the Ashantis, in Sierra Leone, under Gaelic-Irish Brehon law, a title granted by a noble house re-vests in the house of the overlordship when the male line of the title-holder becomes extinct. Thus, the title of the Lord of Molahiffe re-vested, as of 1824, with the Paramount Lordship of Cosmaigne, Kingdom of Desmond Association - An Association Devoted to the Study and Preservation of the History and Legacy of the Kingdom and its Rulers The MacCarthy Clan Foundation
OSullivan, known as simply Sullivan, is an Irish Gaelic clan based most prominently in what is today County Cork and County Kerry. The surname is associated with the part of Ireland and was originally found in County Tipperary before the Anglo-Norman invasion. It is the third most numerous surname in Ireland, due to emigration, it is common in Australia, North America and the rest of the world. The OSullivans are the medieval and modern continuation of the ancient Eóganacht Chaisil sept of Cenél Fíngin, being descendants of Fíngen mac Áedo Duib and they are thus understood to be of royal extraction. Fedelmid mac Crimthainn, the celebrated King of Munster and nearly High King of Ireland, was the last king of the Cenél Fíngin/OSullivan line, they became the chief princes underneath their close kinsmen the MacCarthy dynasty in the small but powerful Kingdom of Desmond, successor of Cashel/Munster. In the Irish language the word Ó signifies descendant of or grandson and is found in many Irish surnames and it has been anglicised as O.
When placed before the form of Súileabhán, which is Súileabháin. While the use of an apostrophe is a convention in English. In the last 200 or 300 years those families connected to the name have dispersed throughout the English-speaking world. Edward MacLysaght states in The Surnames of Ireland that while there is no doubt that the word is súil there is a disagreement as to the meaning of the last part of the name. Other meanings commonly reported are one-eyed or hawk-eyed, MacLysaght tells us that Mac Criomhthain and Mac Giolla Chuda are important branches of the Súileabhánaigh in Co Kerry. Spelling variants on the name include, Sullivant, Silliphant, some OSullivans in the midlands and south Ulster were originally Sullahan. This surname has now almost entirely changed to Sullivan, the OSullivan clan claimed a descent from the mythological followers of Milesius who were the first Celts to colonize Innis Fáil, their island of destiny. They had migrated from an area of the northwest coast of Spain which is now known as the province of Galicia, there they had founded a city they called Brigantia.
They had remained there for generations before embarking on the last leg of their odyssey. They arrived in their land in approximately the year 800 B. C. They conquered the people that were there at time, the Firbolg. In the Irish language OSullivan is Ó Súilleabháin, Súilleabháin was a direct descendant of Finghin who was a King of Munster in the year 620 A. D. of the Eóganachta dynasty
Book of Lismore
The Book of Lismore is a Medieval Irish manuscript. It was so named by Dennis OFlynn, a historian in Cork, eugene OCurry blamed OFlynn, in 1855, for splitting the book into parts and selling them off separately to collectors. The Book of Lismore is an Irish vellum manuscript, compiled in early 15th century and its original name was Leabhar Mhic Cárthaigh Riabhaigh. It should not be confused with the similarly named Book of the Dean of Lismore and it was commissioned by Finghin MacCarthy Reagh, 8th Prince of Carbery and his wife Lady Catherine, daughter of Thomas FitzGerald, 7th Earl of Desmond. The manuscript was compiled from the early, and lost, Book of Monasterboice as well as other manuscripts, the Book of Lismore contains a variation of themes. Part of the references the lives of Irish saints, notably, St Brigid, St Patrick. The Book of Lismore contains Acallam na Senórach, a most important Middle Irish narrative dating to the 12th century, the book contains Leabhar Ser Marco Polo, an Irish translation of The Book of Sir Marco Polo, or Il Milione.
Some ninety per cent of the script is by an unknown scribe, about twelve folios were by Aonghas Ó Callanáin who was from a local medical family. Some other brief insertions were by unknown hands, lives of saints, from the Book of Lismore. Scans available from the Internet Archive and a transcription of the edition from CELT, in Medieval Ireland, An Encyclopedia, ed. Seán Duffy. New York and London, Routledge,2005, observations on the Book of Lismore. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Ó Murchadha, Family Names of County Cork
Munster is one of the provinces of Ireland situated in the south of Ireland. In early Ireland, it was one of the fifths ruled by a king of over-kings Irish, following the Norman invasion of Ireland, the ancient kingdoms were shired into counties for administrative and judicial purposes. In centuries, local government legislation has seen further sub-division of the historic counties, Munster has no official function for local government purposes. For the purposes of the ISO, the province is listed as one of the provincial sub-divisions of the State, Munster covers a total area of 24,675 km2 and has a population of 1,246,088 with the most populated city being Cork. Other significant urban centres in the province include Limerick and Waterford, in the early centuries AD, Munster was the domain of the Iverni peoples and the Clanna Dedad familial line, led by Cú Roí and to whom the king Conaire Mór belonged. In the 5th century, Saint Patrick spent several years in the area and founded Christian churches, during the Early Middle Ages, most of the area was part of the Kingdom of Munster, ruled by the Eóganachta dynasty.
Prior to this, the area was ruled by the Dáirine and Corcu Loígde overlords from the early 7th century onwards, rulers from the Eóganachta who would dominate a greater part of Ireland were Cathal mac Finguine and Feidlimid mac Cremthanin. Notable regional kingdoms and lordships of Early Medieval Munster were Iarmuman, Osraige, Uí Liatháin, Uí Fidgenti, Éile, Múscraige, Ciarraige Luachra, Corcu Duibne, Corcu Baiscinn, around this period Ossory broke away from Munster. The 10th century saw the rise of the Dalcassian clan, who had earlier annexed Thomond and their leaders were the ancestors of the OBrien dynasty and spawned Brian Boru, perhaps the most noted High King of Ireland, and several of whose descendants were High Kings. By 1118 Munster had fractured into the Kingdom of Thomond under the OBriens, the Kingdom of Desmond under the MacCarthy dynasty, the three crowns of the flag of Munster represent these three late kingdoms. The OBrien of Thomond and MacCarthy of Desmond surrendered and regranted sovereignty to the Tudors in 1543 and 1565, the impactful Desmond Rebellions, led by the FitzGeralds, soon followed.
By the mid-19th century much of the area was hit hard in the Great Famine, the province was affected by events in the Irish War of Independence in the early 20th century, and there was a brief Munster Republic during the Irish Civil War. The Irish leaders Michael Collins and earlier Daniel OConnell came from families of the old Gaelic Munster gentry, noted for its traditions in Irish folk music, and with many ancient castles and monasteries in the province, Munster is a tourist destination. During the fifth century, St. Patrick spent seven years founding churches and ordaining priests in Munster, but a fifth century bishop named Ailbe is the patron saint of Munster. In Irish mythology, a number of goddesses are associated with the province including Anann, Áine, Grian, Clíodhna, Aimend, Mór Muman, Bébinn, Aibell. Each is historically associated with certain septs of the nobility, the druid-god of Munster is Mug Ruith. The province has long had trading and cultural links with continental Europe, the tribe of Corcu Loígde had a trading fleet active along the French Atlantic coast, as far south as Gascony, importing wine to Munster.
The Eóganachta had ecclesiastical ties with Germany, which show in the architecture of their capital at the Rock of Cashel