Cloyne is a small town to the southeast of Midleton in eastern County Cork. It is a see city of the Anglican Diocese of Cork and Ross, while giving its name to a Roman Catholic diocese. St Colman's Cathedral in Cloyne is a cathedral church of the Church of Ireland while the Pro Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cloyne, Cobh Cathedral of Saint Colman, overlooks Cork Harbour; the first evidence of settlement in Cloyne is a 4000-year-old portal dolmen that lies to the West of the town. The bishopric of Cloyne was founded by St. Colman Mac Léníne, as his principal monastery in the sixth century; the origin legend Conall Corc and the Corco Loígde claims that the land for the foundation of the monastery was not given by the local king, but by Coirpre mac Crimthainn, king of Munster from the Eóganacht Glendamnach: Coirpre mac Crimthainn it was who gave Cloyne to God and to Colman mac Colcon, called Mac Lénéne and Aired Cechtraige and Cell Náile. Because of this they are entitled to secular rule.
The Danes plundered Cloyne in 822, 824 and again in 885 when, according to the Annals of the Four Masters, the Abbot and Prior of the monastery were killed. The Annals of Inisfallen mention that in 978 A. D. the people of Ossory plundered Cloyne and that in 1088 A. D. Diarmait Ua Briain devastated it. Cloyne was recognised as a diocese at the Synod of Kells in 1152; the only major action of the Irish War of Independence in Cloyne was on 4 May 1920 when Irish Republican Army volunteers of the Fourth Battalion attacked the local Royal Irish Constabulary barracks. The volunteers at first failed to gain entry but succeed in setting fire to the building, which resulted in the entire surrender of the garrison; the prisoners had their hands tied before being ordered to march the road to Midleton while the flying column made their escape. Cloyne is situated 7.6 kilometres from the major town of Midleton. The town is located at the bottom of a valley and is surrounded by large hills to the North and South as well as the Celtic Sea to the East and Cork Harbour to the West.
Being only 2 miles from Cork harbour and 3.5 miles from the open ocean, Cloyne has a mild climate with few extremes of temperature. The highest recorded temperature was 31.1 °C, on 3 August 1995 and the lowest was −7.1 °C, recorded on 2 January 1979 and on 13 January 1987. The climate of Cloyne is mild all year round, with an average of only six days of frost each year. Snow is unknown in recent years, although a fall of 4 cm did occur on January 10, 2010, the first significant snow since March 1993. A severe cold spell in December 2010 produced some further light snowfalls but this period was much more notable for the persistence and severity of frost, with the record for the lowest temperature on record being threatened at times, but never broken. 2010 was the frostiest year on record, with 62 days recording an air frost, over 10 times the average. Rainfall averages around 1041 mm per annum, with the wettest weather occurring between October and January; the driest year recorded was in 1975 when 583.7 mm fell, while the wettest was in 2009 with 1433.4 mm.
In common with the rest of Ireland, rainfall in Cloyne has increased over the past 10 years or so, with the sharpest rises in average being in the summer months. Winter rainfall has decreased in the same period; the philosopher George Berkeley was appointed the Church of Ireland Bishop of Cloyne in 1734, where he remained until his retirement in 1752. His monument is prominent in the north transept of the cathedral; the year after arriving in Cloyne he wrote The Querist, the first of three volumes containing questions on the social and economic problems of Ireland. Further pamphlets on Ireland followed, with appeals for religious toleration, he was known in the town as a dedicated pastor as well as a scholar, who ministered to the sick and destitute of the parish. Cloyne was the birthplace of Nicholas Joseph Clayton. Clayton and his widowed mother moved to the United States in the 1840s and to Galveston, Texas, he gained prominence in Galveston and Texas in the 1870s into the 1910s as a talented builder.
The historic district of Galveston features many of Clayton's buildings that survived the ravages of storms and fires through the years. The explorer Cynthia Longfield was born and lived in Cloyne up until her death on 27 June 1991. Longfield served as a driver in the Royal Army Service Corps during World War I, she is buried in Cloyne Cathedral. Sir John Madden was born in Cloyne on 16 May 1844. Madden emigrated to Australia with his family in 1857 and served as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria before his death in 1918. Cloyne has produced a number of modern-day hurlers for Cork including Donal Óg Cusack, Cork's former inter-county hurling goalkeeper, as well as Diarmuid "The Rock" O'Sullivan and his brother Paudie O'Sullivan. Cloyne is notable as the native-place of the great Cork hurler, Christy Ring. Ring was born and grew up in Cloyne where he learned to hurl before joining Glen Rovers in Cork city, but he is buried in Cloyne. Cloyne has a round tower, the town's symbol; the tower dates back to about 560 A.
D. when St. Colman founded his monastery. In 1749 a lightning strike caused some damage to the top of the tower. There is ruins of a Norman watchtower on a hill overlooking the town; the Church of Ireland Cathedral dates back to 1250 A. D. and is available to visit between 3:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. after Sunday service is held at
Glanworth is a village on the R512 regional road, 8 km northwest of the town of Fermoy in County Cork, Ireland. It lies 40 km northeast of the city of Cork, the county's administrative centre, 210 km southwest of Dublin; the combined population of Glanworth East and Glanworth West in 2006 was 1,316, an increase of 8.6% since 2002. Glanworth has a school, one shop and four pubs; the village is locally known as'The Harbour'. This stems from the ninth century invasion of Vikings, who sailed inland as far as the monastery in Glanworth; the village was sacked and some of the women were taken back to Scandinavia as saltwives. A cry of'come on the harbour' is still heard at sporting events; the 13th-century Glanworth Castle was built beside the River Funcheon by the Condon family, Norman settlers who arrived in the Cork area in the twelfth century. The keep and the castle wall remain; the castle is now used as a public walk. Glanworth Abbey was built in the 13th century next to the castle by the Dominican order.
The priory's gable tracery window, now restored, was once part of the Protestant church, located in the Catholic graveyard. Glanworth mill is located along the banks of the River Funcheon and sits below the imposing Norman castle. Built during the 1840 as part of a famine relief scheme it is the last remaining reverse undershot water wheel in Ireland; the Labbacallee wedge tomb is located 1.5 miles from Glanworth and is the largest wedge tomb in Ireland. Built in the mid-17th century, Glanworth Bridge is a narrow 13-arch bridge, one of the oldest remaining examples in the region. Glanworth railway station opened on 23 March 1891, closed for passenger and goods traffic on 27 January 1947 and closed altogether on 1 December 1953. Glanworth is still accessible by road and because of its historical status as a town it is the convergence point of many minor roads; the town has men's and women's GAA Gaelic Athletic Association teams with a tradition in Gaelic football, with an intermediate football team.
In November 2009 they won the Cork Junior A football championship for the third time in their history, defeating Ballygarvan. In 2011 and 2012 they won the under 21A North Cork Football Championship, defeating neighbours Fermoy on both occasions, it has the 105th Scouting Troop, a soccer club with two teams: Glanworth United and Glanworth Celtic. Several scenes from the 1999 Bob Hoskins film Felicia's Journey were shot on location in Glanworth. List of towns and villages in Ireland List of abbeys and priories in Ireland
The O'Donnell dynasty were an ancient and powerful Irish family, kings and lords of Tyrconnell in early times, the chief allies and sometimes rivals of the O'Neills in Ulster. Like the family of O'Neill, that of O'Donnell of Tyrconnell was of the Uí Néill, i.e. descended from Niall of the Nine Hostages, High King of Ireland at the beginning of the 5th century. Conall was baptised by St. Patrick; the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great converted to Christianity after a vision before the famous Battle of the Milvian Bridge, having seen a chi-rho in the sky, thence the motto In Hoc Signo Vinces, telling him he would be victorious with the sign of the cross. The chi-rho was adopted on a banner, the labarum, upheld on a vexillum, which resembled a Christian cross, in time the motto became associated with the Cross all over Europe. Legend has it that St. Patrick struck the shield of Conall, son of King Niall of the Nine Hostages, with his crosier, called Bachall Iosa inscribing thereon a sign of the cross and told him the same, baptized him.
According to the Life and Acts of Saint Patrick, commissioned by Sir John de Courcy and written by Jocelyn of Furness, St. Patrick took his staff, known as the staff of Jesus, or Bacall Iosa, struck the shield of Prince Conall, rendering a sign of the Cross on it, “et mox cum baculo suo, qui baculus Jesu dicebatur Crucis signum ejus scuto impressit, asserens neminem de stirpe ejus in bello vincendum qui signum illud”, thus indicating that he and his offspring would henceforth be victorious in battle if they followed that sign This legend is described several centuries in the Lebhar Inghine i Dhomhnaill, his land became Tír Chonaill, the land of Conall. Conall's Constantinian shield, this motto, have been the main O’Donnell arms in various forms, through the centuries; the motto appears prominently placed as a motto on a ribbon unfurled with a passion cross to its left, beneath a window over the Scala Regia, adjacent to Bernini's equestrian statue of Emperor Constantine, in the Vatican. Emperors and other monarchs, having paid respects to the Pope, descended the Scala Regia, would observe the light shining down through the window, with the motto, reminiscent of Constantine's vision, be reminded to follow the Cross.
They would thence turn right into the atrium of St. Peter's Basilica, ostensibly so inspired. In an earlier version, something similar may have resonated with and been observed by Prince Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell following his visit to Pope Paul V in Rome, just prior to his death in 1608, it would have resonated with and been observed by Cardinal Patrick O'Donnell. Tyrconnell, the territory named after the Cenel Conaill, is the vast territory where the O'Donnells held sway, comprised the greater part of the modern county of Donegal except the peninsula of Inishowen, but it included areas outside Donegal, such as the baronies of Carbury in County Sligo, Rosclogher in County Leitrim, Magheraboy and Firlurg in County Fermanagh, part of southern County Londonderry, hence it straddled the modern Republic of Ireland and part of Northern Ireland in the UK. The jewel in the O'Donnell crown was Donegal Castle, one of seven O'Donnell castles, now a national monument restored by the Office of Public Works.
Tyrconnell therefore bordered on territory ruled by the O'Neills of Tyrone, who were periodically attempting to assert their claim of supremacy over it, hence the history of the O'Donnells is for the most part a record of clan warfare with their powerful neighbours, of their own efforts to make good their claims to the overlordship of northern Connacht, a wider swathe of Ulster. Nonetheless Tyrconnell existed for a period as an independent kingdom, recognised by King Henry III of England. Gofraidh Ó Domhnaill, the first chieftain, was son of Domhnall Mór Ó Domhnaill. In 1257, Gofraidh was victorious. Upon Gofraidh's death, subsequent to wounds incurred during battle against Ó Néill, he was succeeded in the chieftainship by his brother Domhnall Óg, who returned from Scotland in time to withstand the demands of Ó Néill. Over time, the O'Donnell King of Tyrconnell became known as the Fisher-King, on the Continent, ostensibly due to the export of fish traded for wine in La Rochelle; the O'Donnells were patrons of the arts, of religious benefices.
In particular, Manus, wrote the biography of ColmCille. They were the patrons of the Franciscans in Donegal Abbey, they exercised "jus patronus" to nominate bishops. In the early 14th century A. D. the O'Donnell rulers aided Templar knights fleeing via Sligo and Tyrconnell to Scotland where a Templar priory existed at Ballymote, a Percival family estate for the last 300 years. The O’Donnell rulers of Tyrconnell are noted for having in the late 12th century given sanctuary to the Donlevy dynasty of Ulaid, after their kingdom had fallen to John de Courcy in 1177, it is in Tyrconnell that a branch of the Donlevy's became known as the MacNulty's, deriving from the Irish Mac an Ultaigh, meaning "son of the Ulsterman", in reference to their former kingdom of Ulaid. During the Donlevy exile in Tyrconnell, The O’Donnell gave them the high G
House of Óengus
The House of Óengus is a proposed dynasty that may have ruled as Kings of the Picts, as well as overlords of the Kings of Dál Riata and of all of northern Great Britain, for a century from the 730s to the 830s AD. Their first ruler of Pictland was the great Óengus I of the Picts, who may be the figure carved into the St Andrews Sarcophagus pictured on the right. Early Irish genealogies make Óengus a member of the Eóganachta of Munster, as a descendant of Coirpre Cruithnechán or "Cairbre the little Pict", a legendary emanation or double of Coirpre Luachra mac Cuirc, son of Conall Corc, ancestor of the Eóganacht Locha Léin, rulers of the kingdom of Iarmuman. An early cycle of tales have Conall Corc traveling to Pictland early in his career, there taking the daughter of the Pictish king as his first wife, hence Coirpre's epithet; the branch of the kindred, called in the annals the Eoghanachta Magh Geirginn, from which he came were said to be located in an area known as Circinn associated with modern Angus and the Mearns.
The genealogy appears in the Rawlinson B 502 manuscript, ¶1083: This states the king of Pictland with whom Conall Corc stayed to have been Feradach Find Fechtnach, his daughter, Conall's first wife and Coirpre's mother, to have been Mongfind. After discussing Corc's progeny in Munster, the future Eóganachta of history, the passage concludes with: This states that from Coirpre Cruithnechán come a sept of the Eóganachta in Alba called the Eóganacht Maige Gerginn, to whom belongs Óengus I. Notably lacking are over two centuries of generations in Scotland. Conall Corc is said to have flourished in the early 5th century. Óengus I belongs to the 8th. This pedigree has been dismissed as inspired by the tales of Conall Corc. Francis John Byrne puts this in the context of the Gaelicisation of Pictland in the 9th century, notes how Scottish dynasties such as the Lennoxes and the House of Stuart found Corc to be a "usefully respectable" Gaelic ancestor. In an exhaustive criticism of the legends, David Sproule finds that the Picts are a literary addition, that the Pictish king Feredach is inspired by Fidach, father of Crimthann mac Fidaig, who precedes Corc on the throne of Munster but is more known as "King of Ireland and Alba".
As Mongfind is the sister of Crimthann in most Irish legends, it follows that she would be Corc's wife. Sproule notes that a journey to Alba is common in Irish legend, further that Feradach Finnfechtnach is the name of an earlier Irish King of Tara who has convenient associations with Alba of his own. Feredach can be found as the name of several figures belonging both to the Picts and Dál Riata, for example the father of Ciniod I of the Picts. Óengus I of the Picts, d. 761 Bridei V of the Picts Talorgan II of the Picts, d. 782 Drest VIII of the Picts Constantín mac Fergusa, d. 820 Óengus II of the Picts, d. 834 Drest IX of the Picts, d. 836 or 837 Eóganan mac Óengusa, d. 839Another member of this family may have been Domnall mac Caustantín, a possible king of Dál Riata
O'Keeffe O'Keefe, Keefe or Keeffe, is the name of an Irish Gaelic clan based most prominently in what is today County Cork around Fermoy and Duhallow. The name comes from caomh, meaning "kind" or "gentle"; as the primary sept of the Eóganacht Glendamnach, the family were once Kings of Munster from the 6th to the 8th centuries. The original Caomh, from whom the family descend, lived in the early eleventh century, was descended from Cathal mac Finguine, celebrated King of Munster and the most powerful Irish king of the first half of the 8th century. See the main article, Eóganachta, for more discussion, as well as Eóganacht Glendamnach, the specific sept of the family; the O'Keeffes are famous for claiming descent from the goddess Clíodhna and have a beloved story about her marriage to Caomh. Her sister Aibell competed for his affections but Clíodhna triumphed using sorcery. For all of their history the family has been associated with County Cork; the territory of the family lay along the banks of the Blackwater river, near modern Fermoy, were active in the wars of the twelfth century between the O'Conors and the Eoghanacht dynasties of Munster.
However, the arrival of the Normans displaced them, like so many others, they moved west into the barony of Duhallow, where their territory became known, is still known, as Pobal O'Keeffe, where the senior branch of the family had their seat at Dromagh in Dromtarriff Parish. The last chiefs of this branch were Domhnall O'Keeffe of Dromagh, prominent in the Catholic Rebellion of the 1640s, his son Captain Daniel O'Keeffe, killed fighting for King James at the Battle of Aughrim in 1691; the family estates were confiscated in 1703, sold to the Hollow Blades Company. Today, Pobal O'Keeffe is still the area in which the name is most common, with surrounding areas of County Cork including many of the name, it remains rare outside that county. In 1890, more than two-thirds of the births under the name are recorded in County Cork. Like many of the dispossessed Irish nobility, the O'Keeffes were active in the service of the Catholic monarchs of Europe. In 1740 Constantine O'Keeffe was admitted to the French aristocracy on the basis of his Irish pedigree, his long service.
The bearers of the surname "Cuif", found in the Champagne district of northern France, are descendants of O'Keeffe soldiers. The original spelling is with 2 ff's, church officials recorded names as they were wrongly spelled often resulting in the name of a single person being recorded under several spelling variations, such as O'Keefe, Keeffe and others Brian Ó Cuív Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist and art teacher Batt O'Keeffe, Irish politician Ben O'Keeffe and New Zealand Professional Rugby Referee Bob O'Keeffe, Irish hurler Ciarán O'Keeffe, English psychologist specialising in parapsychology and forensic psychology Corey O'Keeffe, footballer The Hon. Mr Justice Daniel O'Keeffe Eminent barrister and former Irish High Court judge Dan O'Keeffe, Irish footballer Darren O'Keeffe, Irish soccer player David O'Keeffe, Irish jurist, professor of European law David O'Keeffe, former Australian rules footballer Declan O'Keeffe, retired Irish footballer Denis O'Keeffe, Irish hurler Dennis O'Keeffe, British professor of social science Eileen O'Keeffe, Irish former international hammer and discus thrower Eoin O'Keeffe, Irish composer based in the UK Frank O'Keeffe, Australian cricketer Georgia O'Keeffe, prominent American artist/painter Ger O'Keeffe, retired Irish footballer Graham O'Keeffe, Irish football player Irene O'Keeffe, Irish camogie player Jessy Keeffe, Australian rules footballer James O'Keeffe, Irish Fine Gael politician Jim O'Keeffe, Irish politician John O'Keeffe Jonathan O'Keeffe, birth name of Irish actor Jonathan Rhys Meyers Kain O'Keeffe, Australian actor Kerry O'Keeffe, Australian cricketer and sports commentator Kevin O'Keeffe, former Australian rules footballer Kristin Bair O'Keeffe American novelist Lachlan Keeffe, Australian rules footballer Laurence O'Keeffe, British diplomat, ambassador to Czechoslovakia during the'Velvet Revolution' Miles O'Keeffe, American actor Natasha O'Keeffe, English actress Ned O'Keeffe, Irish politician Paddy O'Keeffe, Irish hurler Padraig O'Keeffe, Irish traditional musician Pat O'Keeffe, English Boxer Patrick O'Keeffe, Irish politician Patrick O'Keeffe, Irish-American short story writer Rhys O'Keeffe, Australian rules footballer Sean O'Keeffe, Emerging Markets Financier Sean O'Keeffe, Australian rules footballer Susan O'Keeffe, Irish politician and journalist Timothy O'Keeffe, Irish editor and publisher Trevor O'Keeffe, Irish man, murdered while hitchhiking in France Jimmy Keefe, cousin of Tommy Gavin from Rescue Me TV Series Clídna Eóganachta Eóganacht Glendamnach His Majesty O'Keefe, a 1954 adventure film, as well as the 1952 book of the same name, from which the film derives Irish nobility Irish royal families Byrne, Francis J. Irish Kings and High-Kings.
Four Courts Press. 2nd edition, 2001. Charles-Edwards, Thomas M. Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge University
Lyon is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located in the country's east-central part at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about 470 km south from Paris, 320 km north from Marseille and 56 km northeast from Saint-Étienne. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais. Lyon had a population of 513,275 in 2015, it is the capital of the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The Lyon metropolitan area had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest urban area in France; the city is known for its cuisine and gastronomy, historical and architectural landmarks. Lyon was an important area for the production and weaving of silk. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematograph, it is known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights. Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical and biotech industries.
The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, the International Agency for Research on Cancer and Euronews, it was ranked 19th globally and second in France for innovation in 2014. It ranked second in 39th globally in Mercer's 2015 liveability rankings. According to the historian Dio Cassius, in 43 BC, the Roman Senate ordered the creation of a settlement for Roman refugees of war with the Allobroges; these refugees had been expelled from Vienne and were now encamped at the confluence of the Saône and Rhône rivers. The foundation was built on Fourvière hill and called Colonia Copia Felix Munatia, a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods; the city became referred to as Lugdunum. The earliest translation of this Gaulish place-name as "Desired Mountain" is offered by the 9th-century Endlicher Glossary. In contrast, some modern scholars have proposed a Gaulish hill-fort named Lugdunon, after the Celtic god Lugus, dúnon.
The Romans recognised that Lugdunum's strategic location at the convergence of two navigable rivers made it a natural communications hub. The city became the starting point of the principal Roman roads in the area, it became the capital of the province, Gallia Lugdunensis. Two Emperors were born in this city: Claudius, whose speech is preserved in the Lyon Tablet in which he justifies the nomination of Gallic Senators, Caracalla. Early Christians in Lyon were martyred for their beliefs under the reigns of various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimius Severus. Local saints from this period include Blandina and Epipodius, among others. In the second century AD, the great Christian bishop of Lyon was Irenaeus. To this day, the archbishop of Lyon is still referred to as "Primat des Gaules". Burgundians fleeing the destruction of Worms by the Huns in 437 were re-settled at Lugdunum. In 443 the Romans established the Kingdom of the Burgundians, Lugdunum became its capital in 461.
In 843, by the Treaty of Verdun, Lyon went to the Holy Roman Emperor Lothair I. It was made part of the Kingdom of Arles. Lyon did not come under French control until the 14th century. Fernand Braudel remarked, "Historians of Lyon are not sufficiently aware of the bi-polarity between Paris and Lyon, a constant structure in French development...from the late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution". In the late 15th century, the fairs introduced by Italian merchants made Lyon the economic counting house of France; the Bourse, built in 1749, resembled a public bazaar where accounts were settled in the open air. When international banking moved to Genoa Amsterdam, Lyon remained the banking centre of France. During the Renaissance, the city's development was driven by the silk trade, which strengthened its ties to Italy. Italian influence on Lyon's architecture is still visible among historic buildings. In the 1400s and 1500s Lyon was a key centre of literary activity and book publishing, both of French writers and of Italians in exile.
In 1572, Lyon was a scene of mass violence by Catholics against Protestant Huguenots in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. Two centuries Lyon was again convulsed by violence when, during the French Revolution, the citizenry rose up against the National Convention and supported the Girondins; the city was besieged by Revolutionary armies for over two months before surrendering in October 1793. Many buildings were destroyed around the Place Bellecour, while Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois and Joseph Fouché administered the execution of more than 2,000 people; the Convention ordered that its name be changed to "Liberated City" and a plaque was erected that proclaimed "Lyons made war on Liberty. A decade Napoleon ordered the reconstruction of all the buildings demolished during this period; the Convention was not the only target within Lyon during the 1789-1799 French Revolution. After the National Convention faded into history, the French Directory appeared and days after the September 4, 1797, Coup of 18 Fructidor, a Directory's commissioner was assassinated in Ly
The MacCarthy Reagh dynasty are a branch of the great MacCarthy dynasty, Kings of Desmond, deriving from the ancient Eóganachta, of the central Eóganacht Chaisil sept. The MacCarthys Reagh seated themselves as Princes of Carbery in what is now southwestern County Cork in the 13th century, their primary allies in the small territory itself were O'Donovans, members of the Ui Chairpre. The historical record for this period is confused and a precise sequence of events cannot be reconstructed. A portion of Carbery was conquered around 1232 by Donal Gott MacCarthy, King of Desmond, from whom the dynasty descend, his son Donal Maol MacCarthy, 1st Prince of Carbery, was the first ruler of the new principality. Their descendants would expand their territories and forge a small, wealthy kingdom distinct and independent from the larger Kingdom of Desmond, as well as independent from the Earldom of Desmond and from England, which would last into the early-mid 17th century. Fínghin Mac Carthaigh, the victor for Gaelic Desmond in the Battle of Callann and other campaigns, is considered to belong to the MacCarthys Reagh, being a son of Donal Gott.
The line of the MacCarthy Reagh were in frequent conflict with the line of the MacCarthy Mor, the MacCarthys of Duhallow and Coshmaine, all of which were in conflict with the Fitzgeralds and FitzMaurices which comprised the lines of the Earl of Desmond and the Earl of Kildare, respectively. The dynasty became successful during the 14th to 16th centuries, accumulating great wealth and possessing what was at times the most formidable, although not the largest army in the Desmond region. MacCarthy Reagh princes such as Florence MacCarthy were active in the politics and wars of Munster. A branch from Bansha, County Tipperary, descendants of Donal of the Pipes, would relocate to Toulouse in France and be created the Counts MacCarthy Reagh of Toulouse; the renowned Jesuit preacher Nicholas Tuite MacCarthy was from this line. From another branch of the dynasty descended several more lines of counts and viscounts in France. Florence MacCarthy was the compiler of Mac Carthaigh's Book, the Book of Lismore was commissioned by an earlier member of the dynasty.
The controversial Blessed Thaddeus McCarthy is believed to have belonged to the MacCarthys Reagh. The line of the MacCarthy Reagh was not represented among the Gaelic nobility of Ireland granted courtesy recognition. In the wake of the MacCarthy Mór scandal there remains much controversy surrounding the reestablishment of titles used more than 400 years ago. However, it is possible that a legitimate successor as Chief of the Name of MacCarthy Reagh of Carbery may arise, one that would be distinguished from their kin, the prominent MacCarthys Mór and MacCarthys of Muskerry. Donal Gott MacCarthy – King of Desmond and founder of the dynasty Fínghin Mac Carthaigh, King of Desmond – victor at the Battle of Callann Donal Maol MacCarthy, 1st Prince of Carbery – 1st prince sovereign Donal Caomh MacCarthy, 2nd Prince of Carbery Donal Glas MacCarthy, 3rd Prince of Carbery – eldest son of Donal Caomh Cormac Donn MacCarthy, 4th Prince of Carbery – second son of Donal Caomh, ancestor of the Dunmanway branch Donal Reagh MacCarthy, 5th Prince of Carbery – a quo MacCarthy Reagh, son of Donal Glas Donogh of Iniskean MacCarthy Reagh, 6th Prince of Carbery – eldest son of Donal Reagh Dermod an Duna MacCarthy Reagh, 7th Prince of Carbery – second son of Donal Reagh Finghin MacCarthy Reagh, 8th Prince of Carbery – commissioner of the Book of Lismore Donal MacCarthy Reagh, 9th Prince of Carbery Cormac na Haoine MacCarthy Reagh, 10th Prince of Carbery Donogh MacCarthy Reagh, 11th Prince of Carbery Florence MacCarthy and Dermod Maol MacCarthy Owen MacCarthy Reagh, 12th Prince of Carbery – last effective chief Donal of the Pipes, 13th Prince of Carbery – victim of the Nine Years' War Donal MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery – his grandson Cormac MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery – last nominal Prince of Carbery As patrilineal descendants of the 4th Prince, but not the 5th Prince, the MacCarthys of Dunmanway, belonging to the MacCarthy Glas and MacCarthy Duna septs, are not technically MacCarthys Reagh.
However, most historians and genealogists refer to all descendants of Donal Gott as MacCarthys Reagh, it is the case that, should the "senior line", descendants of the 5th Prince, fail the MacCarthys of Dunmanway would become the "new" Princes of Carbery. Teige-an-Fhorsa MacCarthy, Lord of Glean-na-Chroim Teige-an-Duna MacCarthy, Lord of Glean-na-Chroim – ancestor of several surviving septs Walter Butler, 11th Earl of Ormond – grandson of Cormac na Haoine, 10th Prince Donal II O'Donovan – relative through marriage, inaugurated by father-in-law Owen, 12th Prince Sir Fineen O'Driscoll – son-in-law of Owen, 12th Prince De Barry family – neighbouring family of Welsh-Norman origin, but with whom the MacCarthys Reagh maintained good relations Muskerry West and Muskerry East, baronies in central Cork that were part of the Tudor period principality of Carbery. Francis MacCarthy Willis Bund – a descendant of Donal Reagh MacCarthy, The MacCarthy Reagh, of Kilbrittain Castle