Mount Eba Station
Mount Eba Station is a pastoral lease in outback South Australia that once operated as a sheep station, but now operates as a cattle station. It is located 125 kilometres north west of Roxby Downs and 158 kilometres south east of Coober Pedy, it shares boundaries with Millers Creek Station to the north, The Twins Station to the west, Bon Bon Reserve to the south, Parakylia Station to the east. The property is named for the solitary hill; the plains are vegetated with mulga and saltbush, with salt pans interspersed throughout. The property occupies an area of 3,380 square kilometres. Mount Eba was established by Price Maurice in 1874. At this time it encompassed as area of 5,538 square miles but was isolated and had uncertain rainfall. Despite the high costs Maurice sank 83 wells; the property was stocked intensively from 1878 to 1880, with numerous improvements, including the construction of buildings and a new woolshed, being completed. In 1879 there were between 100 men employed at Mount Eba. By 1884 the property was stocked with 750 cattle and 270 horses.
By 1901 the lease had been left under a caretaker. The property encompassed 1,900 square miles at that time. By 1908 the property occupied an area of 630 square miles and was stocked with 5,000 sheep. By 1914 the lessee was James Gemmel, who had rigged up a motor to his windmills to have sufficient water for his sheep. After World War I, but before 1923, the Jacob brothers acquired Mount Eba. At this time the 3,000 square miles property was running cattle, but the Jacobs intended to make the move back to sheep; the station by this time incorporated the Boolgunnia and The Twins pastoral leases. In 1939 Grant Matheson was the part-owner. Matheson served as a squadron leader, he still owned the property in 1945. The property suffered a terrible drought with thousands of sheep dying. By 1947 H. R. Crombie was managing Mount Eba, although its size had been reduced from over 2,000 square miles to 850 square miles; the property was once a small township. There were dozens of staff for the Woomera Rocket Range, as well as about thirty station-hands, housekeeping staff, a bookkeeper.
The property was acquired in 1979 by the Nitschke family who owned neighbouring Millers Creek Station. Part of the Millers Creek lease was added in 1994. By 2007 the Prominent Hill mining lease commenced and parts of the station had to be destocked. By 2014 Mount Eba was on the market. At that time it was stocked with 300 cattle. Mount Eba was the last property, owned by the Nitschkes to be sold; the land occupying the extent of the Mount Eba Station pastoral lease was gazetted as a locality in April 2013 under the name'Mount Eba'. List of ranches and stations
Euxton Balshaw Lane railway station
Euxton Balshaw Lane is one of two railway stations situated in Euxton, England. It is a local station on the West Coast Main Line on the stretch between Preston; the railway line between Wigan and Preston was opened by the North Union Railway on 31 October 1838, among the original stations was one at Euxton, close to the Bay Horse public house on the south side of Euxton Lane. The NUR was split up in 1888, part of it becoming wholly owned by the London and North Western Railway. Euxton station closed on 2 September 1895 at the behest of the Anderton Family. A new station named Balshaw Lane and Euxton, between Coppull and Leyland and about 1⁄2 mile south of the original Euxton station, was opened by the LNWR on 2 September 1905. Balshaw Lane & Euxton station was closed by British Rail on 6 October 1969 as part of the Beeching review of the UK railway network. Euxton had a station at the Royal Ordnance Factory site, ROF Chorley, on the Preston to Manchester line which opened along with the factory in the 1930s.
As well as this another station on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company's line was built named'Euxton Junction', near to the Pack Saddle Bridge. Access to this station was via a footbridge from next to today's gastro pub,'The Railway at Euxton'. However, this station closed in 1895. Services from the former Balshaw Lane and Euxton station restarted on 15 December 1997, it was reopened in 1998, was now named Euxton Balshaw Lane. It has two platforms on the slower north/south lines of the West Coast Main Line and is served by the Northern company with trains to Blackpool North and Liverpool. Euxton Balshaw Lane does not have any full-time staff, PA system or ticket office, unlike Horwich Parkway railway station, a station built around the same period, any clocks or display screens; the use of "Balshaw Lane" in the station's name was added, at the time of opening, at Lancashire County Council's behest in view of the possibility, at some future stage, of the opening of a station on the site of the Royal Ordnance Factory at Euxton and to distinguish itself from that station.
It was expected that the station at the ROF site might be named either "Euxton" or "Euxton ROF". In fact, when Euxton's other railway station opened in October 2011, on the Manchester-Preston route, it was called Buckshaw Parkway; the station has a daily hourly service in each direction with 2 trains per hour in the weekday peaks. Services run from Liverpool Lime Street to Blackpool North. Through weekday services to Blackpool North were restored in May 2018 following the completion of electrification work. "Euxton Balshaw Lane is opened early". RAIL. No. 322. EMAP Apex Publications. 14–27 January 1998. P. 11. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. Train times and station information for Euxton Balshaw Lane railway station from National Rail
Emergency Banking Act
The Emergency Banking Act, Public Law 1, 48 Stat. 1, was an act passed by the United States Congress in March 1933 in an attempt to stabilize the banking system. Beginning on February 14, 1933, Michigan, an industrial state, hit hard by the Great Depression in the United States, declared an eight-day bank holiday. Fears of other bank closures spread from state to state as people rushed to withdraw their deposits while they still could do so. Within weeks, all other states held their own bank holidays in an attempt to stem the bank runs. Following his inauguration on March 4, 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt set out to rebuild confidence in the nation's banking system. On March 6 he declared a four-day national banking holiday that kept all banks shut until Congress could act. A draft law, prepared by the Treasury staff during Herbert Hoover's administration, was passed on March 9, 1933; the new law allowed the twelve Federal Reserve Banks to issue additional currency on good assets so that banks that reopened would be able to meet every legitimate call.
The Emergency Banking Act, an amendment to the Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917, was introduced on March 9, 1933, to a joint session of Congress, was passed the same evening amid an atmosphere of chaos and uncertainty as over 100 new Democratic members of Congress swept into power determined to take radical steps to address banking failures and other economic malaise. The EBA was one of President Roosevelt's first projects in the first 100 days of his presidency; the sense of urgency was such that the act was passed with only a single copy available on the floor of the House of Representatives and legislators voted on it after the bill was read aloud to them by Chairman of the House Banking Committee Henry Steagall. Copies were made available to senators as the bill was being proposed in the Senate, after it had passed in the House. According to William L. Silber: "The Emergency Banking Act of 1933, passed by Congress on March 9, 1933, three days after FDR declared a nationwide bank holiday, combined with the Federal Reserve's commitment to supply unlimited amounts of currency to reopened banks, created 100 percent deposit insurance.
Much to everyone's relief, when the institutions reopened for business on March 13, 1933, depositors stood in line to return their stashed cash to neighborhood banks. Within two weeks, Americans had redeposited more than half of the currency that they had squirreled away before the bank suspension; the stock market registered its approval as well. On March 15, 1933, the first day of stock trading after the extended closure of Wall Street, the New York Stock Exchange recorded the largest one-day percentage price increase with the Dow Jones Industrial Average gaining 8.26 points to close at 62.10. With the benefit of hindsight, the nationwide Bank Holiday and the Emergency Banking Act of March, 1933, ended the bank runs that had plagued the Great Depression."One month on April 5, 1933, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6102 criminalizing the possession of monetary gold by any individual, association or corporation and Congress passed a similar resolution in June 1933. This act was a temporary response to a major problem.
The 1933 Banking Act passed that year presented elements of longer-term response, including formation of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Causes of the Great Depression Executive Order 6102 Gold Clause Cases Great Contraction Dighe, Ranjit S. "Saving private capitalism: The US bank holiday of 1933." Essays in Economic & Business History 29. 42-57. Online Edwards, Sebastian. "Gold, the Brains Trust, Roosevelt." History of Political Economy 49.1: 1-30. Online Kennedy, Susan Estabrook; the Banking Crisis of 1933. Silber, William L. “Why Did FDR’s Bank Holiday Succeed?” Federal Reserve Bank of New York Economic Policy Review, pp 19-30 online Taylor, Jason E. and Todd C. Neumann. "Recovery spring, faltering fall: March to November 1933." Explorations in Economic History 61#1: 54-67. Wicker, Elmus; the Banking Panics of the Great Depression. Wigmore, Barrie. “Was the Bank Holiday of 1933 Caused by a Run on the Dollar?” Journal of Economic History 47#3: 739-755. Full Text of the Emergency Banking Act Documents on the Banking Emergency of 1933 available on FRASER
Europe Business Assembly
The Europe Business Assembly is an Oxford-based organisation selling what The Times has called "fake awards", or what are more known as "vanity awards". EBA was founded in 2000, by Ukrainian businessman Anton Savvov, he runs it out of Oxford and Ukraine, along with his son Ivan Savvov; the directors are Ivan Savvov and "Professor" John Netting a lecturer at Oxford Brookes University. Although EBA has advertised itself as being an "Oxford institution", it is not affiliated or otherwise linked with the University of Oxford. EBA offers various "awards", an "academic union", an "almanac", all with prestigious-sounding names; the awards are presented in venues including Oxford Town Hall and the Institute of Directors in London, by EBA's director general John Netting, a former lecturer at Oxford Brookes University, with ceremonies including trumpeters, bagpipes and period costumes. Winners pay for participation in the ceremonies; the Center for Investigative Reporting found that companies and individuals in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia had been buying awards from EBA for many years and claiming that they were "outstanding results achieved in a prestigious competition".
Other countries that buy awards include the Middle East and Russia because "people there still think that money can buy you credentials", according to journalist Andy Jehring. The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project reported of the EBA and similar organizations that "anyone who replies, shows interest and agrees to pay gets an award". In 2015, an Indonesian magazine criticized EBA for selling "meaningless accolades to egotistical officials those from countries notorious for corruption"; the report noted at least two Indonesian officials had purchased the "nonsense awards". In 2017, two Malaysian councils were criticized for buying awards from EBA in 2013 and 2014. Malaysian local legislator Muhammad Farid Saad equated the acquisition of the honors to "buying fake academic degrees”. In 2017, Chinese media reported that China's state-run Longyuan Power Group had "allegedly paid for the made-up award of Best Enterprise" in 2011 from EBA; the South China Morning Post said the scam traded on the University of Oxford’s name to sell fake awards to companies.
In July 2017, The Times reported that the "University of Oxford's academic reputation is being exploited by Ukrainian businessmen selling millions of pounds worth of fake awards and honours". AI Global Media World News Media "Europe Business Assembly". Ebaoxford.co.uk. Retrieved 1 August 2017
Ẹ̀bà is a staple food eaten in West African subregion and beyond. It is made from dried grated cassava flour known as garri. To make ẹ̀bà, garri flour is mixed into hot water and stirred well with a wooden spatula until it becomes like a firm dough, firmer than, mashed potatoes, so it can be rolled into a ball and can keep its shape; when you put hot water in the bowl of garri to make ẹbà, you leave it for a few minutes. To eat, a small amount of ẹ̀bà is taken with the fingers and rolled into a small ball and dipped into the ọbẹ̀ such as okra soup, bitter leaf soup or pepper soup with either okro, ọgbọnọ /apọn, or ewédú, meat or fish, stewed vegetables or other sauces such as gbẹ̀gìrì, banga soup or egusi soup. Ẹ̀bà can either come as an offshade. It is made from mixing dried grated cassava with palmoil. Garri is rich in starch and carbohydrate, it is quite heavy as a staple food of West Africans. It is eaten with richly made soups and stews, with beef, stockfish or mutton depending on personal taste.
My destination Nigeria
Extrastriate body area
The extrastriate body area is a subpart of the extrastriate visual cortex involved in the visual perception of human body and body parts, akin in its respective domain to the fusiform face area, involved in the perception of human faces. The EBA was identified in 2001 by the team of Nancy Kanwisher using fMRI; the extrastriate body area is a category-selective region for the visual processing of static and moving images of the human body and parts of it. It is modulated in the absence of visual feedback from the limb movement, it is insensitive to faces and stimulus categories unrelated to the human body. The extrastriate cortex responds not only during the perception of other people's body parts but during goal-directed movement of the participant's body parts; the extrastriate cortex represents the human body in a more integrative and dynamic manner, being able to detect an incongruence of internal body or action representations and external visual signals. In this way, the EBA might be able to support the disentangling of one's own behavior from another's.
As published in the article, “A Cortical Area Selective for Visual Processing of the Human Body,” researcher, Paul E. Downing, Yuhong Jiang, Miles Shuman and Nancy Kanwisher, first discovered the EBA in 2001; the experiment intended to find out what area of the brain dealt with the human form and recognition of body parts, as the face had been mapped to a specific area of the brain by Nancy Kanwisher in 1997. What the experiment found was a specific area of the lateral occipitotemporal cortex that responds selectively to visual images of human bodies and body parts, with the exception of faces; the experiment had subjects view images of different objects, including faces, body parts, parts of the face and intimate objects. While viewing the images, the subjects were scanned with an fMRI to see what area of the brain was activated. Through the trials a compilation of the fMRI’s was made. From this compilation image a specific region was determined to have increased activity when shown visual stimuli of body parts and more activity when viewing whole bodies.
There have been no studies involving brain damage to the EBA. Thus far, only scans of brain activity, as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation, have been used to study the EBA. To find the specific functions of the EBA, Comimo Urgesi, Giovanni Berlucchi and Salvatore M. Aglioti used repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to disrupt part of the brain, making the brain less responsive in the target area; the study used event-related rTMS resulting in inactivation of cortical areas. This inactivation caused a slower response time in discriminating body parts; the study used facial features and motorcycle parts as non human parts for control groups. The facial features and motorcycle body parts did not display any change in response time; the neural activity data shows the EBA handles some of the visual processing of human body and parts but is not related to the processing of the face or other objects. The actual experiment had people make a “two-choice matching-to-sample task. Fourteen right handed participants were required to decide which of two similar upper-limb images matched a single sample seen during a tachistoscopic exposure.
Photos of face parts and motorcycle parts served as control stimuli in two-matching-to-sample tasks that were comparable to the former task.” RTMS was applied 150 ms after each sample exposure. The section of the graph, Body Parts, shows the response time while using rTMS; the SHAM category refers to measuring the EBA without rTMS while viewing the images. The Visual Cortex category measures the response of the FFA to be used as the control of the experiment; this measurement of response time, occurring while rTMS was effecting the EBA, further shows that the two areas process visual data of the human form, yet respond to different stimuli. While the magnetic stimulation was temporarily disabling the extrastraite body area, reaction time decreased by about 100 ms; the data from the Sham and Visual Cortex categories on the graph show what was the expected normal results from the experiment. This evidence reveals that applying rTMS to the EBA slowed the response of recognizing images of body parts
Liga Española de Baloncesto Aficionado known as Liga EBA, is a Spanish basketball championship, the fourth tier level in the Spanish basketball league system, after the Liga ACB, LEB Oro, LEB Plata. It is administered by the FEB, it was the Spanish second tier level competition from 1994 to 1996, the third tier level from 1996 to 2000, the fifth tier level, from 2007 to 2009. The Liga EBA is made up of five inter-regional groups. After the regular season, sixteen teams advance to the playoffs, where only four teams are promoted to the LEB Plata; the lowest ranked teams of each group, are relegated to the Primera División. The best teams in the Final Eight were promoted to a higher division. Due to economic problems, sometimes the winners couldn't be promoted to higher divisions; the 16 qualified teams were divided in four groups of four teams. The winners of the regular season groups hosted each group; the four group winners were promoted to the disappeared LEB Bronce. After the play-offs, the FEB set a table to determine the official champion of the Liga EBA.
In this table, the four group winners were the four first qualified teams, the runners-up from 5th to 8th, third qualifieds from 9th to 12th and last teams from 13th to 16th. The 32 qualified teams played a two-leg play-off where four teams were promoted to the higher division. From the 2010–11 season, only 16 teams qualified for the'May madness' format. Four teams were promoted each season to LEB Plata. For the 2012–13 season, FEB decided to return to the Final Groups format. After the play-offs, the FEB set a table to determine the official champion of the Liga EBA; as in 2008 and 2009, the final round was played by 16 teams divided in four groups, where the winners were promoted to LEB Plata. The Copa EBA was a competition held from 1996 to 2000 season; this cup was played by the champions of the groups. Spanish Basketball Federation Official Website Liga EBA History