Eraño de Guzman Manalo known as Ka Erdy, was the second Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo, serving from April 19, 1963 until August 31, 2009. He took over the administration of the church after the death of his father, Felix Y. Manalo, in 1963, he was instrumental in the expansion of the church internationally. He held office as the General Treasurer of the Church, as a District Minister of Manila. Eraño G. Manalo was born at Riverside Drive, San Juan, Rizal on January 2, 1925, he was the fifth child of Felix Y. Manalo and Honorata de Guzman, his name came from a reversal and elision of the term "New Era", which his father used to describe what he felt was "a new Christian era" as the Iglesia ni Cristo was established. His older siblings were Sisters Pilar and Avelina, Brothers Dominador and Salvador, his youngest sibling is Brother Bienvenido, the head of INC's construction and engineering department. Eraño received his elementary education at St. John's Academy in San Juan, Metro Manila, starting at the age of six.
Manalo took up law school, but left his studies to become a minister of the INC. He started attending the church's ministerial classes at the age of 16 and was ordained as a minister on May 10, 1947 in Locale Congregation of Tayuman, Ecclesiastical District of Manila, at the age of 22, he held various positions in the church including being the General Treasurer of the INC and circulation manager of the Pasugo magazine. During this time, he wrote a 64-page booklet entitled Christ-God: Investigated-False. On January 17, 1955, Eraño Manalo married Cristina Villanueva with. On February 18, 1953, ten years before his father's death, Eraño G. Manalo was elected successor to his father as Executive Minister. Following Eraño's death, his son Eduardo assumed the role of INC's Executive Minister. With the death of Felix Y. Manalo on April 12, 1963, Iglesia's critics predicted the church's decline and eventual fall. To them, the church's popularity was due to the charisma and leadership of Felix Y. Manalo.
A month after assuming his role as spiritual leader of the church, the young Manalo began visiting congregations nationwide. At every location he visited, he officiated worship services and staged massive religious rallies in public plazas. During this period of transition in what critics thought was the most vulnerable period of the church, Manalo further consolidated the gains of the church. In 1947, Manalo became the General Treasurer of the church, he was elected as successor to Felix Y. Manalo by provincial ministers as early as 1953. In 1957 he became the District Minister of Manila. Few people outside of the church gave Manalo's leadership potential enough credit, he would initiate significant moves that would make the church to what it is today. Manalo demonstrated the church responsiveness to the needs of the poor. Before the government initiated agrarian reforms, Manalo established model land reforms. In 1965, the first of the resettlement farms was Maligaya farm in Palayan City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines.
Similar projects were established in Cavite and other provinces. As early as 1967, four years after assuming leadership role, Manalo set his vision to overseas mission and global expansion; the first overseas INC mission was sent in 1968 on its 54th anniversary. On July 27, 1968, Executive Minister Eraño G. Manalo, officiated at the first worship service of the church outside the Philippines; this gathering held in Ewa Beach, Hawaii marked the establishment of the Honolulu congregation, the first overseas mission of the church. The following month, the Executive Minister was in California to establish the San Francisco congregation and lead its inaugural worship service. In 1971, the church set foot in Canada. In June 1987, the US Main Office was set up in Daly City, California to assist the INC central administration in supervising the 11 districts of the church in the West; the first local congregation in Latin America was established in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in 1990. The following year, the church reached Aruba.
From 2000 and beyond, congregations rose in the South American countries. The first local congregation in Europe was established in England in 1972; the church came to Switzerland in the mid-70s. By the end of the 1980s, congregations and missions could be found in the Scandinavian countries and their neighbors; the Rome, Italy congregation was established on July 27, 1994. The predecessors of these full-fledged congregations began two decades earlier. Meanwhile, the mission first reached Spain in 1979; the first mission in northern Africa opened in Nigeria in October 1978. After a month, the King William’s Town congregation, in South Africa was established. A congregation was organized in Guam in 1969. In Australia, congregations have been established since mid-1970s; the church first reached China by way of Hong Kong, Japan through Tokyo in the 1970s. Missions have opened in Kazakhstan and Sakhalin Island in Russia. In Southeast Asia, the first congregation in Thailand was established in 1976 and missions have been conducted in Brunei since 1979.
In addition, there are congregations in Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia. The INC started operating a radio station in 1969. While its first television program aired in 1983; the Ministerial Institute of Developme
Gregorio Ballesteros Honasan II, better known as Gringo Honasan, is a retired Philippine Army officer who led unsuccessful coups d'état against President Corazon Aquino. He played a key role in the 1986 EDSA Revolution. After 1986, he led a series of unsuccessful but violent coup attempts against the administration of Corazon Aquino. President Fidel Ramos granted him amnesty in 1992, he entered politics and became a senator from 1995 to 2004, again from 2007 to 2018. He ran for vice president of the Philippines, being Jejomar Binay's running-mate in 2016, but were defeated by Leni Robredo and Rodrigo Duterte respectively. On November 22, 2018, President Duterte appointed Honasan as secretary of Department of Information and Communications Technology which will take effect after his resignation in the Senate. Eliseo Rio is serving as acting secretary. Gregorio Honasan was born in Baguio City to Colonel Romeo Gillego Honasan and Alicia "Alice" Masip Ballesteros, both from Sorsogon province. Honasan spent his elementary days at San Beda College from Kindergarten to Grade 6.
After which, he went to Taiwan and studied at the Dominican School, Taiwan. He returned to the Philippines and finished his high school at Don Bosco Technical College, he attained his Bachelor of Science degree at the Philippine Military Academy, where he received the title of "Class Baron", the academy's highest leadership award. After graduating in 1971, he joined the Philippine Army's special forces, Scout Ranger Regiment and went into combat against separatist and communist insurgents in Luzon and Mindanao, he was wounded in action at battles in Jolo. Making his way up through the armed forces, he became aide-de-camp to Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile in 1974, became the Defense Ministry's Chief of Security. Concurrent with his position as security chief, he was a board member of the Northern Mindanao Development Bank and president of the Beatriz Marketing Company. In 1986, Honasan and a cabal of colonels, backed by Enrile, tried to use popular unrest to overthrow the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos.
When the plot was uncovered, the conspirators sought refuge in the military headquarters and called on civilians, the media, the Catholic Church for protection. Hundreds of thousands of people served as human shields to protect Honasan and his men from Marcos' forces, sparking the 1986 People Power Revolution that led to Marcos' fall from power and the installation of Corazon Aquino as president. Aquino awarded Honasan a Distinguished Conduct Star for the EDSA Revolution and the Presidential Government Medal in 1986. Under the new government, he was head of a special group in the defense ministry. Using his position, he was covertly involved in various coup attempts against Aquino. On August 28, 1987, fighting broke out in the streets and Honasan ordered his men to attack government installations, resulting in the deaths of dozens, including many civilians; the attack was put down by government forces. He was captured and imprisoned on a Navy ship in Manila Bay, he escaped once again by convincing his guards to join his cause.
Philippine President Fidel Ramos, elected in 1992, granted amnesty to his comrade Honasan. Honasan utilized his rebel infamy to enter politics in 1995, becoming the first independent candidate in Philippine history to win a seat in the Senate, he was re-elected in 2001, filled the vacant seat left by Senator Teofisto Guingona Jr., appointed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo as Vice President. From April 30 to May 1, 2001, together with Juan Ponce Enrile, Miriam Defensor Santiago, Panfilo Lacson and Vicente Sotto III, he led the EDSA III protests in support of Joseph Estrada. On May 1, 2001, the protesters stormed Malacañang Palace, he left the Senate when the term expired in 2004. In the general election held in May 2007, he was again elected to the Senate. Running as an independent candidate, he polled some 11.6 million votes, finishing 10th out of 37 candidates for 12 Senate vacancies. He took up his post on June 30, he was reelected during placing twelfth, his fourth consecutive term. On June 2015, Justice Undersecretary Justiniano amended the complaint against Senator Honasan for his alleged part in the Pork Barrel Scam involving allegations of corrupt malversation of public funds.
Following the alleged collapse of talks between UNA presidential candidate Jejomar Binay Honasan became Binay's running mate. Official campaign site of Gregorio Honasan Gringo Honasan, Election 2016 Data
Juan Ponce Enrile
Juan Furagganan Ponce Enrile, Sr. abbreviated JPE, is a Filipino politician and lawyer. He was a protégé of President Ferdinand Marcos, served as Justice Secretary and Defense Minister under the Marcos regime, he became one of the leaders of the 1986 People Power Revolution that drove Marcos from power and into exile. Enrile has continued to be a prominent politician since then. Enrile was born in Cagayan, to Petra Furagganan, the stepdaughter of a poor fisherman, he was born out of wedlock—his Spanish mestizo father was the married powerful regional politician and renowned lawyer Alfonso Ponce Enrile, his second great-uncle was Mariano Ponce. As a young man, he was reunited with his father in the City of Manila, took his secondary education at Saint James Academy in Malabon, he graduated cum laude in 1949 with an Associate of Arts degree from Ateneo de Manila University. Afterward, he attended the University of the Philippines College of Law and graduated cum laude with a Bachelor of Laws degree.
While in law school, he joined the Sigma Rho fraternity. Upon graduation, he was elected to the Pi Gamma Phi Kappa Phi international honor societies, he scored 11th in the 1953 bar examinations with a 91.72% rating and a perfect score in mercantile law. As a scholar at the Harvard Law School, he earned a Master of Laws degree with specialized training in international tax law, he taught law at the Far Eastern University and practiced law in his father's law firm before taking responsibility for Senator Ferdinand Marcos's personal legal affairs in 1964 during the latter's term as Senate President. After Marcos was elected president in 1965, Enrile became part of his inner circle. From 1966 to 1968, he was the Undersecretary and sometime Acting Secretary of the Department of Finance, he concurrently became acting Insurance Commissioner of the Bureau of Customs. From 1968 to 1970, he was the Secretary of Justice. Enrile, like Marcos, comes from the northern Philippines, a region that had become Marcos' recruiting ground for key political and military leaders during his time.
Enrile was with Marcos since his election in 1965. His campaign efforts were rewarded with an appointment as chief of the Customs Bureau and the government's insurance commission; the Department of National Defense would expand its power when Marcos assumed the presidency in 1965. Marcos appointed Enrile as his Secretary of National Defense on February 9, 1970, a position Enrile held until August 27, 1971, when he resigned to run unsuccessfully for the senate, he was re-appointed Defense Secretary by Marcos on January 4, 1972. As Defense Secretary, he was the highest ranked commissioned officer of a nation's armed forces. From the beginning of Marcos' period in government, Enrile was one of the few that the former president trusted, was seen by many as Marcos' protégé. For the entire period of Martial Law, Enrile served as the martial law administrator as he was in charge of all the armed forces' services during that time. Furthermore, as early as Marcos' planning and preparation for the declaration of martial law, Enrile was involved.
In his memoir, Enrile recalls Marcos' careful preparations. He narrates that as early as December 1969, Marcos instructed him to study the 1935 Constitution the powers of the President as Commander-in-Chief. Marcos had foreseen a rise in violence and chaos in the country and wanted to know the exact extent of his powers. At the end of January of the following year, with help from Efren Plana and Minerva Gonzaga Reyes, submitted the only copy of the report regarding the detailed nature and extent of Martial Law to Marcos. Soon after, Marcos ordered Enrile to prepare all documents necessary for the implementation of Martial Law in the Philippines. In August 1972, Marcos once again met with Enrile and a few of his other most trusted commanders to discuss tentative dates for the declaration. By September 22, 1972, Marcos announced that he had placed the entire country under Martial Law as of 9 p.m. via proclamation 1081 which, he claimed, he had signed on September 21, 1972. One of Marcos' justifications for the declaration of martial law that year was terrorism.
He cited the alleged ambush attack on Enrile's car on September 1972 as pretext for martial law. At the time, many people doubted that the attack took place. Marcos, in his diary entry for September 1972, wrote that Enrile had been ambushed near Wack-Wack that night, he says "it was a good thing he was riding in his security car as a protective measure… This makes the martial law proclamation a necessity." On the contrary, Oscar Lopez, a resident of Wack-Wack who lived along the street of the alleged ambush, stated that he had heard a lot of shooting on the night of the incident. When he went out to see what was happening, he saw only an empty car riddled with bullets. Lopez' driver, who had happened to witness the incident, stated that "there was a car that came and stopped beside a Meralco post; some people exited the car, another car came by to shoot at the car, to make it look like it was ambushed." The doubts surrounding the alleged ambush were further confirmed in a press conference on February 23, 1986 when Lieutenant General Fidel Ramos and Enrile admitted that the attack was staged in order to justify the declaration of martial law.
Both radio and television media covered this and millions of Filipinos witnessed the said confession. Furthermore, in several interviews, Enrile was reported as indeed confirming that the attempted assassination was faked in order to justify the declaration of Mart
Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia Ni Cristo is an independent nontrinitarian Christian religious organization that originated in the Philippines. It was registered in 1914 by Felix Y. Manalo, who became its first Executive Minister. INC claims itself to be the one true church and the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus, that all other Christian churches are apostates. INC doctrine cites that the official registration of the church with the government of the Philippines on July 27, 1914, by Felix Y. Manalo—upheld by its members to be the last messenger of God—was an act of divine providence and the fulfillment of biblical prophecy concerning the re-establishment of the original church of Christ in the Far East concurrent with the coming of the seventh seal marking the end of days. By the time of Manalo's death in 1963, INC had become a nationwide church with 1,250 local chapels and 35 large concrete cathedrals, his son, Eraño G. Manalo, became the next church leader and led a campaign to grow and internationalize the church until his death on August 31, 2009, whereupon his son, Eduardo V. Manalo, succeeded him as Executive Minister.
In 2015, the Philippine census by the Philippine Statistics Authority found that 2.64% of the population in the Philippines are affiliated with the Iglesia Ni Cristo, making it the religion with the third largest number of adherents, with Islam at 6.01% and Roman Catholicism at 79.53%. During American colonial rule over the Philippines, there were a variety of rural anti-colonial movements with religious undertones, American Protestant missionaries introduced several alternatives to the Roman Catholic Church, the established church during Spanish colonial period. Felix Y. Manalo, born on May 10, 1886, in Taguig, was baptized in the Roman Catholic Church. In his teenage years, Manalo became dissatisfied with Roman Catholic theology. According to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, the establishment of the Philippine Independent Church was his major turning point, but Manalo remained uninterested since its doctrines were Catholic. In 1904, he joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, entered the Methodist seminary, became a pastor for a while.
He sought through various denominations, including the Presbyterian Church, Christian Mission, Seventh-day Adventist Church in 1911. Manalo left Adventistism in 1913 and associated himself with atheist, some Masons and agnostic peers. On November 1913, Manalo secluded himself with religious literature and unused notebooks in a friend's house in Pasay, instructing everyone in the house not to disturb him, he emerged from seclusion three days with his new-found doctrines. Manalo, together with his wife, went to Punta, Santa Ana, Manila, in November 1913 and started preaching, he left the congregation in the care of his first ordained minister and returned to his native Taguig to evangelise. He was able to baptize a few converts, including some of his persecutors, he registered his new-found religion as the Iglesia Ni Cristo on July 27, 1914, at the Bureau of Commerce as a corporation sole, with himself as the first executive minister. Expansion followed as INC started building congregations in the provinces in 1916, with Pasig having two locals established.
The first three ministers were ordained in 1919. By 1924, INC had about 3,000 to 5,000 adherents in 43 or 45 congregations in Manila and six nearby provinces. By 1936, INC had 85,000 members; this figure grew to 200,000 by 1954. A Cebu congregation was built in 1937—the first to be established outside of Luzon, the first in the Visayas; the first mission to Mindanao was commissioned in 1946. Meanwhile, its first concrete chapel was built in Sampaloc, Manila, in 1948. Adherents fleeing for the provinces away from Manila, where the Japanese forces were concentrated during World War II, were used for evangelization; as Manalo's health began to fail in the 1950s, his son Eraño began taking leadership of the church. Felix Manalo died on April 12, 1963. Within the span of 49 years of his administration, INC had 1,250 local chapels and 35 large concrete cathedrals. On July 27, 1968, Eraño G. Manalo officiated the inaugural worship service of the church in Ewa Beach, Hawaii—the first mission of the church outside the Philippines.
The following month, INC established the San Francisco congregation. INC reached Europe through the United Kingdom in 1971, Canada in 1973. INC established its first congregation in South Africa in 1978. INC established congregations in Rome, Italy on July 27, 1994. In 1998, INC has established 543 congregations, missions in 74 countries outside the Philippines. In 1965, INC launched its first resettlement and land reform program in Barrio Maligaya, Nueva Ecija. INC started operating a radio station in 1969 while its first television program aired in 1983; the Ministerial Institute of Development, renamed as "Iglesia Ni Cristo School for Ministers", was founded in 1974 in Quiapo and moved in Quezon City in 1978. In 1971, the INC Central Office building was built in Quezon City. In 1984, the 7,000-seat Central Temple was added in the complex; the Tabernacle, a multipurpose tent-like building which can accommodate up to 4,000 people, was finished in 1989. The complex includes the New Era University, a higher-education institution run by INC. Eraño G. Manalo died on August 31, 2009.
His son, Eduardo V. Manalo, succeeded him as executive minister upon his death. On July 21, 2014, former
The Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace, Our Lady of EDSA, or more popularly, the EDSA Shrine is a small church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila located at the intersection of Ortigas Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue in Barangay Ugong Norte, Quezon City. The church is called the Archdiocesan Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace or Mary, Queen of Peace Quasi-Parish, although these names are used. Built in 1989 on donated land to commemorate the People Power Revolution, the shrine is the site of two peaceful demonstrations that toppled Presidents Ferdinand Marcos in 1986, Joseph Estrada; the EDSA Shrine is the northernmost tip of the Ortigas Center, a financial and commercial district occupying large tracts of land in Quezon City and Pasig. Our Lady of Peace, Mother of Peace, Queen of Peace or Our Lady Queen of Peace is a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Catholic Church, she is represented in art holding an olive branch -- both traditional symbols of peace. The patronal image for this particular shrine is unique, as its design follows that of the statue atop the shrine roof.
Mary and clad in golden robes, has her arms outstretched and her Immaculate Heart exposed, while two or three white doves rest at her hands and feet. Her official memorial in the General Roman Calendar is on July 9 in the universal Church except for Hawaii and some churches in the United States, where it is kept on January 24. People Power Monument People Power Revolution Our Lady of Peace EDSA Shrine website
Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada is a Filipino politician and former actor who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the ninth Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. In 2001, he became the first president in Asia to be impeached from an executive role, he has been Mayor of the City of Manila, the country's capital, since 2013. Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over a hundred films in an acting career spanning some three decades, model, started as a fashion and ramp model at the age of 13, he used his popularity as an actor to make gains in politics, serving as Mayor of San Juan from 1969 to 1986, as Senator from 1987 to 1992 as Vice-President under President Fidel V. Ramos from 1992 to 1998. Estrada was elected President in 1998 with a wide margin of votes separating him from the other challengers, was sworn into the presidency on June 30, 1998. In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and other camps.
However, allegations of corruption spawned an impeachment trial in the Senate, in 2001 Estrada was ousted by "People Power 2" after the prosecution walked out of the impeachment court when the senator-judges voted "no" in the opening of the second envelope. In 2007, Estrada was sentenced by the special division of the Sandiganbayan to reclusión perpetua for the plunder of stealing $80 million from the government and was sentenced to a lifetime in prison, but was granted pardon by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, he ran for president again in the 2010 presidential election, but was defeated by Senator Benigno Aquino III by a wide margin. José Marcelo Ejército Sr. was born at 8:25 pm on April 19, 1937 at Manuguit Maternity Hospital in Tondo, an urban district of Manila. His family moved to the wealthy suburb of San Juan, he belonged to a wealthy family, was the eighth of ten children of Emilio Ejercito Sr. and his wife, Maria Marcelo. After graduating from the Ateneo elementary school in 1951, he was expelled during his second year of secondary studies at the Ateneo High School for disciplinary conduct.
During college he enrolled in a civil engineering course at the Mapúa Institute of Technology in an effort to please his father. However, he would leave once again and transferred to Central Colleges of the Philippines but dropped out. In his twenties, he began a career as a drama actor playing the role of the villain/antagonist, he adopted the stage name "Joseph Estrada", as his mother objected to his chosen career and his decision to quit schooling multiple times. He acquired the nickname "Erap" from his friend, fellow actor Fernando Poe, Jr. Joseph Estrada is the first President to have worked in the entertainment industry as a popular artist, for being the first to sport any sort of facial hair during his term his trademark acting mustaches and wristbands. Estrada is married to former First Lady-turned-senator Dr. Luisa "Loi" Pimentel, whom he met while she was working at the National Center for Mental Health in Mandaluyong City, has three children with her: Jose "Jinggoy" Ejercito, Jr, Mayor of San Juan.
With former actress Peachy Osorio: Joel Eduardo "Jojo" Ejercito Teresita "Tetchie" EjercitoWith incumbent San Juan City Mayor Guia Gomez: Joseph Victor Ejercito. With a former air hostess, publicly known only by the name "Larena": Jason EjercitoWith former actress Laarni Enriquez: Jerika Ejercito Juan Emilio "Jake" Ejercito Jacob EjercitoWith former air hostess Joy Melendrez: Joma Ejercito Several of Ejercito's relatives became prominent figures in politics and showbiz. Jorge Ejercito, brother. R. Ejercito, son of George Estregan and nephew. Gary Ejercito, nephew. Gherome Ejercito, nephew, he was the first FAMAS Hall of Fame recipient for Best Actor and became a Hall of Fame award-winner as a producer. He played heroes of the lower classes, making him popular among several impoverished citizens; this proved advantageous to his political career. In 1974 Estrada founded the Movie Workers Welfare Foundation, which helps filmmakers through medical reimbursements, hospitalization and death benefits and alternative income opportunities and housing.
Its educational arm, the Mowelfund Film Institute, has produced some of the most skilled and respected producers, filmmakers and performers in both the independent and mainstream sectors of the industry since its inception in 1979. He founded, together with Guillermo de Vega, the first Metro Manila Film Festival in 1975. Estrada entered politics in 1967, running for mayor of San Juan, Metro Manila a municipality of Rizal and only succeeding in 1969 after winning an electoral protest against Braulio Sto. Domingo, his administration was marked by unequaled accomplishments in infrastructure development. These included the establishment of the first Municipal High School, the Agora complex, a modern slaughterhouse, a sprawli
Vicente "Tito" Castelo Sotto III is a Filipino politician and the 29th and current Senate President of the Philippines. Sotto served as Vice Mayor of Quezon City, the Philippines' most populous city, from 1988 to 1992. Following the 2016 elections, he is serving his fourth term in the Senate, having served two consecutive terms from 1992 to 2004. Aside from politics, Sotto participated in acting and hosting. Sotto is a co-host of Eat Bulaga!, the longest-running variety show in Philippine television history. He is the brother of celebrities Vic Sotto, Val Sotto, Maru Sotto. Sotto and Filemon Sotto. Vicente Castelo Sotto III was born on August 24, 1948, his parents were Dr. Herminia Castelo Sotto, his siblings are Valmar, Marvic Valentin, Marcelino Antonio Jr. Sotto's paternal grandfather and namesake was former senator Vicente Sotto. Vicente’s brother, Filemon served as a senator and was one of those who drafted the 1935 Constitution. Sotto studied at Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Intramuros, Manila for his elementary, high school, college education, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in English.
Sotto's career started in the 1960s when he joined the combo Tilt Down Men, one of the members is his brother Val. The band plays covers of The Dave Clark Five and he became the vice president of Vicor Music Corporation. Vicor founder Orly Ilacad, had a career in the 1960s like Sotto, Orly Ilacad & the Ramrods. In 1977 he was the vocalist for the short lived group Bluejeans, he wrote the music for "Balatkayo" by Anthony Castelo, Castelo's hit. He formed the Manila Sound group VST & Company on which the meaning of VST were his initials. Among his notable compositions is "Magkaisa", recognized as one of the anthems of the 1986 People Power Revolution. Sotto was vice mayor of Quezon City from 1988 to 1992, he served as its first president. During this period, Sotto was named Vice Chairman of Citizens' Drugwatch. Sotto was elected to the Senate of the Philippines in the 1992 senatorial election, topping the tally with nearly 12 million votes, more than 3 million more than his second place ranker; this made him the third member of his family to enter the Senate, after his grandfather Vicente Yap Sotto and granduncle Filemon Sotto.
He served as Assistant Majority Floor Leader, was a member of the Commission on Appointments, served as chairman on several senate committees. In the 1998 senatorial election, Sotto earned another term in the Senate with a third place finish, the best result among Senators vying for re-election. From April 30 to May 1, 2001, together with Juan Ponce Enrile, Gregorio Honasan, Panfilo Lacson and Miriam Defensor Santiago, he led the EDSA III protests in support of Joseph Estrada. On May 1, 2001, the protesters stormed Malacañang Palace. In spite of this, he ran for another term in the Senate in 2007 under the TEAM Unity coalition backed by the Arroyo administration, but was unsuccessful, finishing in 19th place. Sotto was appointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as a member of the Board of Directors and acting chairman of the Dangerous Drugs Board on July 4, 2008, succeeding Anselmo Avenido whose term was expiring that day; the appointment was just over one year after his failed 2007 senatorial bid.
Philippine election laws forbid defeated candidates from being appointed to government posts within a year of the election. Sotto won election to another term in the Philippine Senate in the 2010 senatorial election, as a member of the Nationalist People's Coalition. Upon the commencement of the 15th Congress on July 26, 2010, he was elected by the majority of his fellow Senators as the Majority Leader of the Senate as well as the Chairman of its Committee on Rules, thus he manages the legislative affairs of the Senate on the floor during the sessions, he was one of the 20 Senators that voted to convict Chief Justice Renato Corona and to remove him from office on 29 May of that year. In 2012, Sotto was accused of plagiarizing several passages in a speech opposing the Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippine Senate. Several local and international news agencies and several internet users reported that Sotto had taken the passages from a 2011 blog entry by Sarah Pope, an American home economist blogger.
Sotto asserted that he was quoting Natasha Campbell-McBride, referenced in the blog post. Pope, upon learning of the controversy, confirmed Sotto's plagiarism on August 16, 2012 in another entry to her blog criticizing Sotto for the plagiarism, for denying it, for his stance on contraceptives, she remarked that she did not intend to sue. Sotto's chief of staff, in a comment on Pope's blog, admitted to using the blog post and failing to attribute Pope's work. Pope responded to the comment again criticizing Sotto's stance on the Reproductive Health Bill. On August 17, Sotto reasserted his defense saying: "I made a blanket disclosure. I mentioned beforehand my attributions. I have made a disclosure, so what’s their problem with that? They thought I’m trying to pass myself off as knowledgeable when in fact I’m not Where is the plagiarism there? They think. So come on, sue me." Villacorta said he saw nothing wrong with using Pope’s blog without attribution because it "is public domain" and "blogs are not covered by copyright.
It is a new media and there is no jurisprudence yet." In an interview on the Philippine newscast 24 Oras, Sotto remarked: "Whatever it