In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign is a unique designation for a transmitter station. In the United States of America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity; the use of call signs as unique identifiers dates to the landline railroad telegraph system. Because there was only one telegraph line linking all railroad stations, there needed to be a way to address each one when sending a telegram. In order to save time, two-letter identifiers were adopted for this purpose; this pattern continued in radiotelegraph operation. These were not globally unique, so a one-letter company identifier was added. By 1912, the need to identify stations operated by multiple companies in multiple nations required an international standard. Merchant and naval vessels are assigned call signs by their national licensing authorities.
In the case of states such as Liberia or Panama, which are flags of convenience for ship registration, call signs for larger vessels consist of the national prefix plus three letters. United States merchant vessels are given call signs beginning with the letters "W" or "K" while US naval ships are assigned call signs beginning with "N". Both ships and broadcast stations were assigned call signs in this series consisting of three or four letters. Ships equipped with Morse code radiotelegraphy, or life boat radio sets, Aviation ground stations, broadcast stations were given four letter call signs. Maritime coast stations on high frequency were assigned three letter call signs; as demand for both marine radio and broadcast call signs grew American-flagged vessels with radiotelephony only were given longer call signs with mixed letters and numbers. Leisure craft with VHF radios may not be assigned call signs, in which case the name of the vessel is used instead. Ships in the US still wishing to have a radio license are under FCC class SA: "Ship recreational or voluntarily equipped."
Those calls follow the land mobile format of the initial letter K or W followed by 1 or 2 letters followed by 3 or 4 numbers. U. S. Coast Guard small boats have a number, shown on both bows in which the first two digits indicate the nominal length of the boat in feet. For example, Coast Guard 47021 refers to the 21st in the series of 47-foot motor lifeboats; the call sign might be abbreviated to the final two or three numbers during operations, for example: Coast Guard zero two one. Aviation mobile stations equipped with radiotelegraphy were assigned five letter call signs.. Land Stations in Aviation were assigned four letter call signs; these call signs were phased out in the 1960s when flight radio officers were no longer required on international flights. USSR kept FRO's for the Moscow-Havana run until around 2000. All signs in aviation are derived from several different policies, depending upon the type of flight operation and whether or not the caller is in an aircraft or at a ground facility.
In most countries, unscheduled general aviation flights identify themselves using the call sign corresponding to the aircraft's registration number. In this case, the call sign is spoken using the International Civil Aviation Organization phonetic alphabet. Aircraft registration numbers internationally follow the pattern of a country prefix, followed by a unique identifier made up of letters and numbers. For example, an aircraft registered as N978CP conducting a general aviation flight would use the call sign November-niner-seven-eight-Charlie-Papa. However, in the United States a pilot of an aircraft would omit saying November, instead use the name of the aircraft manufacturer or the specific model. At times, general aviation pilots might omit additional preceding numbers and use only the last three numbers and letters; this is true at uncontrolled fields when reporting traffic pattern positions or at towered airports after establishing two-way communication with the tower controller. For example, Skyhawk eight-Charlie-Papa, left base.
In most countries, the aircraft call sign or "tail number"/"tail letters" are linked to the international radio call sign allocation table and follow a convention that aircraft radio stations receive call signs consisting of five letters. For example, all British civil aircraft have a five-letter call sign beginning with the letter G. Canadian aircraft have a call sign beginning with C–F or C–G, such as C–FABC. Wing In Ground-effect vehicles in Canada are eligible to receive C–Hxxx call signs, ultralight aircraft receive C-Ixxx call signs. In days gone by American aircraft used five letter call signs, such as KH–ABC, but they were replaced prior to World War II by the current American system of civilian aircraft call signs. Radio call signs used for communication in manned spaceflight is not formalized or regulated to the same degree as for aircraft; the three nations curren
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
Stephen A. Smith
Stephen Anthony Smith is an American sports television personality, sports radio host, sports journalist, actor. Smith is a commentator on ESPN First Take, where he appears with Molly Qerim, he makes frequent appearances as an NBA analyst on SportsCenter. He is an NBA analyst for ESPN on NBA Countdown and NBA broadcasts on ESPN. Smith hosted The Stephen A. Smith and Ryan Ruocco Show on ESPN Radio New York 98.7 FM. He now hosts The Stephen A. Smith Show on the Chris Russo sports radio station: Mad Dog Sports Radio and is a featured columnist for ESPNNY.com, ESPN.com, The Philadelphia Inquirer. Smith was born in the Bronx borough of New York City on October 14, 1967, he was raised in the Hollis section of Queens. Smith is the second youngest of six children, he has four older sisters and a younger brother named Basil, who died in a car accident in October 1992. He has a half-brother on his father's side. Smith's parents were from Saint Thomas, U. S. Virgin Islands, his father managed a hardware store.
Smith's maternal grandmother was white. Smith graduated from Thomas Edison High School in Queens. After attending the Fashion Institute of Technology for one year, Smith received a basketball scholarship to attend Winston-Salem State University, a black university in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. While in college, he played basketball under Hall of Fame coach Clarence Gaines. While still on the team, Smith wrote a column for the university newspaper, The News Argus, arguing Gaines should retire due to health issues, he is a member of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity. Smith began his print media career with the Winston-Salem Journal, the Greensboro News and Record and the New York Daily News. Beginning in 1994, Smith had a position as a writer for The Philadelphia Inquirer, he began reporting on the Philadelphia 76ers as their NBA columnist, as a general sports columnist. On August 23, 2007, the Inquirer announced that Smith would no longer be writing columns and would instead be demoted back to the position of general assignment reporter.
In 2008, the Inquirer ended its relationship with Smith, which coincided with Smith starting his own blog, stephena.com. In February 2010, Smith returned to the Philadelphia Inquirer after winning an arbitrator's ruling that he was to be reinstated, but having to agree to remove all of his political views from his website and from cable news shows. On April 11, 2005, Smith became the host of a weekday noon to 2 p.m. radio show on WEPN in New York City with his "right-hand man B. T.". On September 20, 2007, his radio show was shifted to the 2 p.m. – 4 p.m. slot, with the second hour being broadcast nationally on ESPN Radio, replacing The Dan Patrick Show. The show came to an end in April 2008 as Smith sought to expand his career in television, beginning May 1 Scott Van Pelt began hosting in the 3–4 p.m. hour, Smith's. In November 2009, Smith became an on-air contributor to Fox Sports Radio, was the one who broke the story of Allen Iverson's retirement on the Chris Myers-Steve Hartman afternoon show on November 25.
Iverson ended his short retirement, re-joined the Philadelphia 76ers on December 2. Smith became a Fox Sports Radio morning show host on January 4, 2010, replacing Washington, D. C.-based host Steve Czaban. On his radio program, Smith predicted that LeBron James, Dwyane Wade, Chris Bosh would all sign with the Miami Heat during 2010 free agency. In early 2011, Smith ended his morning show, it was announced on February 1, 2011, that he would be returning to ESPN as a columnist for ESPN.com and host weekday local radio shows on 1050 ESPN Radio New York at 7–9 p.m. ET as well as 710 ESPN Radio Los Angeles at 6–8 p.m. PT. April 24, 2012 was Smith's last show for LA 710 ESPN. In 2013, Smith left ESPN for Sirius XM Radio; the move was announced just one day after Smith made some controversial comments on ESPN 2's First Take program regarding the Ray Rice situation. On January 17, 2017, Smith will move from Sirius XM's Mad Dog Sports channel back to ESPN, his daily two-hour program will be heard on WEPN in New York, KSPN in Los Angeles, Sirius XM's ESPN channel, via syndication.
Smith started his television career on the now-defunct cable network CNN/SI in 1999. Smith is an analyst and talk show host on ESPN and ESPN First Take. In August 2005, he started hosting a daily hour-long show on ESPN called Quite Frankly with Stephen A. Smith. After the show was cancelled in January 2007, he concentrated on basketball, serving as an NBA analyst. Smith is known for provocative dour delivery. Smith has appeared on other ESPN shows as well, including the reality series Dream Job, as well as serving as a frequent guest on Pardon the Interruption, Jim Rome is Burning and as a participant on 1st and 10, he has appeared as an anchor on the Sunday morning edition of SportsCenter, but on April 17, 2009 announced on his website that he would be leaving ESPN on May 1, 2009. The Los Angeles Times reported that ESPN commented that, "We decided to move in different directions." Though according to Big Lead Sports a source says that ESPN and Smith went to the negotiating table and couldn't reach an agreement.
Since Smith has returned to ESPN. It was announced April 30, 2012 on air that Smith would be joining First Take on a permanent, five-day-per-week basis under a new format for the show called "Embrace Debate" in which he squares off against longtime "First Take" commentator Skip Bayless. On July 25, 2014, Smith made contro
College Football Playoff
The College Football Playoff is an annual postseason knockout tournament to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, the highest level of college football competition in the United States. The inaugural tournament was held at the end of the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season, won by Ohio State. Four teams play in two semifinal games, the winner of each semifinal advances to the College Football Playoff National Championship game. A 13-member committee selects and seeds the four teams to take part in the CFP; this system differs from the use of polls or computer rankings, used to select the participants for the Bowl Championship Series, the title system used in FBS from 1998 to 2013. The current format is a Plus-One system, an idea which became popular as an alternative to the BCS after the 2003 and 2004 seasons ended in controversy; the two semifinal games rotate among six major bowl games, referred to as the New Year's Six: the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Peach Bowl.
In addition to the four teams selected for the playoff, the final CFP rankings are used to help determine the participants for the other four New Year's Six bowls that are not hosting the semifinals that year. The semifinal games, which take place on the same day, are scheduled on Friday, Saturday, or Monday close to or on New Years Day, with flexibility allowed to ensure that they are not in conflict with other bowl games traditionally held on New Year's Day; the National Championship game is played on the first Monday, six or more days after the semifinals. The venue of the championship game is selected based on bids submitted by cities, similar to the Super Bowl or NCAA Final Four; the winner of the game is awarded the College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy. Playoff officials commissioned a new trophy, unconnected with the previous championship systems, such as the AFCA "crystal football" trophy, presented after the championship game since the 1990s; as the NCAA does not organize or award an official national championship for FBS football, the CFP's inception in 2014 marked the first time a major national championship selector in college football was able to determine their champion by using a bracket competition.
The first College Football Playoff selection committee was announced on October 16, 2013. The group consists of 13 members who serve three-year terms, although some initial selections served terms both shorter and longer than three years "to achieve a rotation" of members; the current members of the selection committee are: The committee members include one current athletic director from each of the five "major" conferences—ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, SEC—also known as the Power Five conferences. Other members are former coaches, athletic directors, administrators, plus a retired member of the media; the goal was for the panel to consist proportionally of current "Power Five" athletic directors, former coaches, a third group of other voters, excluding current conference commissioners and media members. During the selection process, organizers said they wanted the committee to be geographically balanced. Conference commissioners submitted lists totaling more than 100 names from which to select the final committee members.
The selection of Condoleezza Rice, a former U. S. Secretary of State and Stanford University provost, was met with some backlash within the sport and the media. Critics questioned her qualifications, citing lack of football experience; the committee releases its top 25 rankings weekly on Tuesdays in the second half of the regular season. The top four teams are seeded in that order for the playoff. During the season, the committee meets and releases rankings six or seven times, depending on the length of the season; the group, which meets at the Gaylord Texan hotel in Grapevine, Texas meets in person up to 10 total times a year. A team's strength of schedule is one of the most pertinent considerations for the committee in making its selections. Other factors that the committee weighs are conference championships, team records, head-to-head results, plus other points such as injuries and weather. Unlike the BCS system, the AP Poll, Coaches' Poll, the Harris Poll, computer rankings are not used to make the selections.
Advanced statistics and metrics are expected to be submitted to the committee, though like other analytics, they have no formal role in the decision. Committee members are not required to attend games. Long said the panel considered less frequent rankings, but decided on a weekly release. "That's what the fans have become accustomed to, we felt it would leave a void in college football without a ranking for several weeks," he said. Long noted: "Early on there was some talk that we would go into a room at the end of the season and come out with a top four, but that didn't last long." In analyzing this change in thinking, Stewart Mandel of Sports Illustrated commented: "The whole point of the selection committee was to replace the simplistic horse-race nature of Top 25 polls – where teams only move up if someone above them loses – with a more deliberative evaluation method. Now the playoff folks are going to try to do both." Addressing the "pecking order" nature of traditional polls, George Schrodeder of USA Today wrote that "if it works as intended, we could see volatile s
The Ryen Russillo Show
The Ryen Russillo Show was a syndicated sports talk radio show hosted by Ryen Russillo. It was a part of ESPN Radio from 1 pm to 4 pm, with all three hours simulcasted on ESPNews. On April 26, 2017 Danny Kanell was let go by ESPN after a number of personnel were laid off, leaving only Russillo to host the show. December 22, 2017 was the last day of The Ryen Russillo Show due to a contract dispute, although Russillo's contract runs until August 2018, he will be doing weekly podcasts. Will Cain took over the timeslot with his own radio show on January 2, 2018; the previous version of the show was launched as The Scott Van Pelt Show on July 6, 2009, replacing Tirico & Van Pelt, co-hosted by Scott Van Pelt and Mike Tirico. That show began on September 20, 2007 as The Mike Tirico Show, with Van Pelt, Michele Tafoya and Kirk Herbstreit as rotating co-hosts; the Mike Tirico Show aired from 1 pm to 3 pm under that title for a total of 160 shows until April 30, 2008. On May 1, 2008 the show was renamed Tirico & Van Pelt.
Van Pelt began hosting the first version of The Scott Van Pelt Show, which aired from 3 pm to 4 pm following T&VP. Van Pelt's solo hour ended in March 2009. Tirico left the series in June 2009 to focus on his work with ESPN television, Ryen Russillo became a co-host. On October 4, 2012, the show changed its title to SVP & Russillo. In May 2015, Van Pelt announced that he was leaving the show to become the weeknight midnight anchor on SportsCenter starting in the late summer of 2015. Kanell, a regular substitute co-host during the SVP era, was named permanent co-host with Russillo from September 2015 until Kanell's departure in April 2017; the Mike Tirico Show and The Stephen A. Smith Show replaced a rotation of various hosts, under the umbrella title This is ESPN Radio, airing since Dan Patrick announced on July 9, 2007 that he would leave The Dan Patrick Show on August 17 of that year. Patrick was held off-air following that announcement – and the subsequent announcement that he would move to a new syndicated radio show – save for three final episodes airing August 15 through 17.
On March 22, 2008, it was announced that Scott Van Pelt would become Tirico's permanent co-host, would host the 3–4 pm hour solo. The Stephen A. Smith Show aired its final episode on April 11, 2008, with Smith focusing more on ESPN television at that time; the 3 pm hour is heard on far fewer affiliates than the 1–3 pm timeslot, as many local sports talk shows air at 3 pm in the Eastern Time Zone. On New York City's ESPN-owned WEPN, Mike Tirico aired only for its first hour, followed by Smith's local show from 2–3 pm and his national show from 3–4 pm. In January 2009, Kay's show expanded earlier again, to 2 pm, truncating T&VP back to one hour in the New York market; as part of a programming overhaul, ESPN Radio moved Tirico & Van Pelt from its 1–3 pm Eastern slot to 2–4 pm Eastern on March 16, 2009, discontinuing Van Pelt's solo hour. The show does not air in New York, but does air in Los Angeles and for one hour in Chicago; as of the 2008 NFL football season, Carl Brutananadilewski, a popular character on the Adult Swim animated television series Aqua Teen Hunger Force, has made appearances on The Scott Van Pelt Show.
In a segment on Friday afternoons, Carl picks one NFL game's winner every week known as "Carl's Stone Cold Lock of the Century... of the Week". Meatwad has introduced Van Pelt's weekly NCAA and NFL football picks. Pictures of Meatwad, Master Shake, Frylock can be seen on the main desk of Van Pelt's radio show when it is shown on ESPN television networks. A custom Aqua Teen calendar can be seen as well, featuring pictures of Carl posing on the hood of muscle cars. All three hours of the show aired each day on ESPNEWS. Following Russillo’s departure and Will Cain taking over the show, that timeslot moved to 3—6 pm ET with The Stephen A. Smith Show taking over most of the former timeslot in August 2018. Official website
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. Webcasting is "broadcasting" over the Internet; the largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who "simulcast" their output through online TV or online radio streaming, as well as a multitude of Internet only "stations". Webcasting consists of providing non-interactive linear streams or events. Rights and licensing bodies offer specific "webcasting licenses" to those wishing to carry out Internet broadcasting using copyrighted material. Webcasting is used extensively in the commercial sector for investor relations presentations, in e-learning, for related communications activities. However, webcasting does not bear much, if any, relationship to web conferencing, designed for many-to-many interaction; the ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish.
There are many notable independent shows that broadcast online. Produced by average citizens in their homes they cover many interests and topics. Webcasts relating to computers and news are popular and many new shows are added regularly. Webcasting differs from podcasting in that webcasting refers to live streaming while podcasting refers to media files placed on the Internet. Webcasting is the distribution of media files through the internet; the earliest graphically-oriented web broadcasts were not streaming video, but were in fact still frames which were photographed with a web camera every few minutes while they were being broadcast live over the Internet. One of the earliest instances of sequential live image broadcasting was in 1991 when a camera was set up next to the Trojan Room in the computer laboratory of the University of Cambridge, it provided a live picture every few minutes of the office coffee pot to all desktop computers on that office's network. A couple of years its broadcasts went to the Internet, became known as the Trojan Room Coffee Pot webcam, gained international notoriety as a feature of the fledgling World Wide Web.
In 1996 an American college student and conceptual artist, Jenny Ringley, set up a web camera similar to the Trojan Room Coffee Pot's webcam in her dorm room. That webcam photographed her every few minutes while it broadcast those images live over the Internet upon a site called JenniCam. Ringley wanted to portray all aspects of her lifestyle and the camera captured her doing everything – brushing her teeth, doing her laundry, having sex with her boyfriend, her website generated millions of hits upon the Internet, became a pay site in 1998, spawned hundreds of female imitators who would use streaming video to create a new billion dollar industry called camming, brand themselves as camgirls or webcam models. One of the earliest webcast equivalent of an online concert and one of the earliest examples of webcasting itself was by Apple Computer's Webcasting Group in partnership with the entrepreneurs Michael Dorf and Andrew Rasiej. Together with David B. Pakman from Apple, they launched the Macintosh New York Music Festival from July 17–22, 1995.
This event audio webcast concerts from more than 15 clubs in New York City. Apple webcast a concert by Metallica on June 10, 1996 live from Slim's in San Francisco. In 1995, Benford E. Standley produced one of the first audio/video webcasts in history. On October 31, 1996, UK rock band Caduseus broadcast their one-hour concert from 11 pm to 12 midnight at Celtica in Machynlleth, Wales, UK – the first live streamed audio and simultaneous live streamed video multicast – around the globe to more than twenty direct "mirrors" in more than twenty countries. In September 1997, Nebraska Public Television started webcasting Big Red Wrap Up from Lincoln, Nebraska which combined highlights from every Cornhusker football game, coverage of the coaches' weekly press conferences, analysis with Nebraska sportswriters, appearances by special guests and questions and answers with viewers. On August 13, 1998, it is believed the first webcast wedding took place, between Alan K'necht and Carrie Silverman in Toronto Canada.
On October 22, 1998, the first Billy Graham Crusade was broadcast live to a worldwide audience from the Raymond James Stadium in Tampa Florida courtesy of Dale Ficken and the WebcastCenter in Pennsylvania. The live signal was broadcast via satellite to PA encoded and streamed via the BGEA website; the first teleconferenced/webcast wedding to date is believed to have occurred on December 31, 1998. Dale Ficken and Lorrie Scarangella wed on this date as they stood in a church in Pennsylvania, were married by Jerry Falwell while he sat in his office in Lynchburg, Virginia. All major broadcasters now have a webcast of their output, from the BBC to CNN to Al Jazeera to UNTV in television to Radio China, Vatican Radio, United Nations Radio and the World Service in radio. On November 4, 1994, Stef van der Ziel distributed the first live video images over the web from the Simplon venue in Groningen. On November 7, 1994, WXYC, the college radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill became the first radio station in the world to broadcast its signal over the internet.
Translated versions including Subtitling are now possible using SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language. A wedcast of a wedding. Allows family and friends of the couple to watch the wedding in real time on the Internet, it is sometimes used for weddings in exotic locations, such as Cancun and the Riviera Maya, Hawaii or the Caribbean, for which it is expensive or difficul