Cetinje, is a city and Old Royal Capital of Montenegro. It is the historic and the secondary capital of Montenegro, where the official residence of the President of Montenegro is located. According to the 2011 census, the town had a population of 14,093 while the Cetinje municipality had 16,657 residents as of 2011. Cetinje is the centre of Cetinje Municipality; the city rests on a small karst plain surrounded by limestone mountains, including Mount Lovćen, the legendary mountain in Montenegrin historiography. Cetinje was founded in the 15th century and became a center of Montenegrin life and both a cradle of Montenegrin culture and an Orthodox religious center, its status as the honorary capital of Montenegro is due to its heritage as a long-serving former capital of Montenegro. In Montenegrin, the town is known as Цетиње / Cetinje. Cetinje was founded in 1482, when Ivan Crnojević moved his capital from Obod above the Crnojević River to deeper into the hills to a more defended location in a field at the foot of Mount Lovćen.
He had his court built at the new location that year and founded a monastery as a personal endowment in 1484. His court and the monastery are the first recorded renaissance buildings in Montenegro. Crnojević was forced to move the seat of the Eparchy of Zeta from Vranjina to Cetinje due to the Ottoman invasions, in 1485; the town was named after the Cetina river. The bishopric of Zeta was elevated to a metropolitanate in Cetinje, it was to play an important part in both the religious and national life. The Crnojević printing house, the first printing house in southeastern Europe, was active between 1493 and 1496 in Cetinje. Zeta was first put under Ottoman rule in 1499 annexed by the Ottomans in 1514, organized into the Sanjak of Montenegro. In the next two centuries, the development of Cetinje stagnated, it was often subject to attack by Venice and the Ottomans. The city therefore endured many privations in the course of the 17th centuries. In this period the court and the monastery of the Crnojevići dynasty were destroyed.
It was only at the end of the 17th century, in 1697, that Cetinje began to flourish again under the rule of the Petrović dynasty, refounded by Danilo Petrović. Leading the wars of liberation and strengthening the unity in the country occupied Danilo and his successors, so they were unable to devote enough effort to the further development of Cetinje, it was only during the rule of Petar II Petrović Njegoš. In 1838 his new royal residence called. Cetinje was enlarged by building new houses that led to genuine urbanization. Many modern buildings designed for foreign consulates were built due to the newly established relations with various European countries; the buildings of the French, British and Austro-Hungarian consulates are regarded as the most beautiful of these. Cetinje made great progress under the rule of Prince Nikola I Petrović when numerous public edifices were built; those include the first hotel, called ‘Lokanda’ the new Prince’s palace, the Girls’ Institute and the hospital. This period saw the first tenancy houses.
In the 1860 census Cetinje had 34 households. After holding off Ottoman incursions in 1852 and 1853, Cetinje was captured by Ottoman Omar Pasha's forces during the Montenegrin–Ottoman War of 1861–62. Ottoman rule over Montenegro did not last much more than a decade however, as 14 years the "Great War", the third successive contest between the two nations, ended in Montenegrin victory, with most previously-Montenegrin territory returning to their control. Montenegrin independence was recognized at the Congress of Berlin of 1878 and Cetinje became the capital of a European country. Between 1878 and 1914 Cetinje flourished in every sense. Many renowned intellectuals from other South-Slavic parts came to stay there and made a contribution to the cultural and every other aspect of life. Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom in 1910; this had a great effect on Cetinje's development. At this time the Government House, the symbol of state power, was built; the population census from the same year recorded a massive growth in the world's smallest capital, registering 5,895 inhabitants.
In the Interwar period, Cetinje expanded its territory. But when it was decided by the Parliament of Montenegro that the administrative organs should be located in Titograd, Cetinje went through a harsh crisis. By building certain industrial sections and at the same time neglecting the development of the city's traditional and potential cultural and tourist capacities, the chance to create a strong basis for more solid prosperity was lost. Cetinje is situated with average height above sea level of 671m, it is 12 km of airline far from 15 km from Skadar Lake. Now, it is on the main road Podgorica-Cetinje-Budva, which makes it open to the inside of Montenegro and Montenegrin coast. Cetinje has an oceanic climate, with dry and warm summers, mild and wet winters. Cetinje is well known for its plentiful precipitations, is one of the rainiest towns in Europe with around 3,300 mm of precipitation annually. Although abundant in precipitation, the Cetinje field and its surroundings do not have water flows on the surface and water sources are scarce.
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Century Allen "Wally" Milstead was a collegiate and professional American football player. He played college football at Wabash College and at Yale University, where his play earned him All-America recognition. Milstead went on to play with the professional Philadelphia Quakers of the American Football League and the New York Giants of the National Football League, he got his name for being born on the first day of the twentieth century, January 1, 1901. Milstead was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1977. Century Milstead at the College Football Hall of Fame Century Milstead at Find a Grave
Goner is a village of over 12,000 inhabitants in India. It is situated in Sanganer tehsil of Jaipur district, Rajasthan, 20 kilometres south of state capital Jaipur; the village is located at 26.7795°N 75.9123°E, at an altitude of 383 metres, its area is 251.0 hectares. The Dravyavati River passes through Goner; as of 2011 the population was 6,049. The literacy rate was 77% and the sex ratio was 899 female per 1000 male. Tehsil level local administration is conducted at the headquarters at Sanganer, subdivision of Jaipur district; the gram panchayat level local administration is conducted as Goner and current representative or sarpanch is Sunita Sharma w/o Prakash Sharma The village falls within Bagru assembly constituency of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly. The current representative is Ganga Devi; the Lok Sabha constituency is Jaipur, the current MP is Ramcharan Bohara
John Ross "Jock" Ewing Sr. is a character in the popular American television series Dallas, played by Jim Davis from 1978 to 1981. Jock Ewing was the patriarch of the Ewing family. Jock was born in the younger of two sons born to Leander Ewing and his wife. Through his older brother Jason, Jock got a job in an oil field in east Texas. While riding in a train boxcar he met Willard "Digger" Barnes, the two became friends. Jock and Jason all became wildcatters and began drilling their own fields. Digger had a unique ability to smell oil underground, with Jock's business skills they began making a fortune. Jason and Digger didn't get on much. Jason left Texas to wildcat in Alaska, marrying a woman named Nancy Shaw, with whom he had a son Jack and a daughter Jamie. Jock and Digger returned to Dallas and Southfork, where Jock met Digger's girlfriend, Ellie Southworth. In the long run, Digger's drinking and undependability made Miss Ellie see that Digger would never change, that Digger was not the type of man to marry, she left Digger for Jock.
Digger started to wander across the country after Ellie left him, but Jock and Digger continued with their oil business ventures for a few more years. As late as 1939, Jock and Digger both signed a deal to share the profits of Ewing 23 between themselves and their heirs in perpetuity. However, when Ewing 6 came in, Jock put the field in his name only, to prevent Digger from gambling and drinking his half away. Digger was furious and he claimed that Jock had stolen the wells for himself, ending their friendship and business relationship. Ellie Southworth was desperate to save Southfork, hit hard by the Great Depression of the 1930s, but Jock was reluctant to marry after Miss Ellie chose him over Digger, because unbeknownst to Miss Ellie, Jock was married to a woman named Amanda Lewis and looked after her psychiatric needs. Amanda had suffered a mental breakdown shortly after she and Jock were married, Jock put her in a mental hospital; the doctor told Jock that Amanda would never recover and advised Jock to divorce her, which he did in 1930.
In 1936, Jock and Miss Ellie married on the day that her family was to lose Southfork, it was well known that Jock was the only man in Dallas with the money to save the ranch. Jock had a fragile and stormy relationship with Miss Ellie's father, Aaron Southworth, with her brother Garrison. On his deathbed, Aaron accepted Jock as part of his family by giving him his favorite gun. Jock and Miss Ellie had three sons together, J. R. Gary and Bobby. Jock served in World War II, where he and an old army buddy, Tom Mallory, were shot down in a mission in Holland, they returned to save the families who sheltered them. During his term in Britain, Jock had an affair with an Army nurse from Emporia, named Margaret Hunter. Jock was shipped off to France, Margaret returned to the United States, she married her fiancé, Amos Krebbs, soon thereafter gave birth to Jock's illegitimate son, Ray Krebbs. After the war, Jock returned to Southfork and confessed to Miss Ellie about his affair with Margaret Hunter, she forgave him and they moved on.
In 1948, Amos Krebbs left Margaret Hunter. In 1960, a 15-year-old Ray Krebbs showed up at Southfork with a note from his mother asking Jock to help Ray. Jock made Ray a hand on Southfork. Neither Jock, Miss Ellie nor Ray knew that Jock was Ray's father until 20 years when Amos Krebbs came to Dallas and revealed that Jock was Ray's father, bringing proof to back up his claim. Jock welcomed Ray into the Ewing family, explained it all to his family; as the years passed from the 1930s onwards, Jock built Ewing Oil into one of the most powerful independent oil companies in Texas, much to the bitterness and jealousy of his former friend and business partner, Digger Barnes. Jock became a successful rancher. Jock "took over raising" his eldest son J. R. showing him "tough love" and made him one of the most cunning and ruthless oil barons in the oil business. Jock came to rely on J. R. in the management of Ewing Oil giving J. R. "the fever for big business" but "never taught him when to stop". Jock, for the most part, ignored his second son Gary, whom Jock considered weak and lacking the Ewing character, as Gary ran away from responsibility, began drinking excessively to handle the pressures of being a teenage husband and father, couldn't stand up to J.
R.'s bullying. Jock spoiled his youngest son, who Jock considered to be "the best of the lot". Bobby had the morals that J. R. embraced Jock's favoritism. However, Bobby was emotional, short-tempered and lacked the intelligence and focus to succeed in the oil business preferring football, women and enjoying the social benefits of being a Ewing, earned by the hard work of Jock and J. R. In 1977, Jock retired as president of Ewing Oil, he made J. R. his successor and took a more active role in running Southfork with foreman Ray Krebbs. Jock and Ellie separated in 1981 after Miss Ellie learned that Jock was the power behind Takapa, a land development deal that she was fighting against on the grounds of conservationism. After Ellie refused his order to back down and stay out of the matter, he left Southfork. However, they reconciled and went on a second honeymoon to Paris. Upon returning to the United States and Miss Elli
Alfred Fröhlich was an Austrian-American pharmacologist and neurologist born in Vienna. Fröhlich was born into a Jewish family. In 1895 he graduated from the University of Vienna, afterwards remaining at Vienna as an assistant to Carl Nothnagel. In 1905 he became a member of the department of pharmacology at the university, from 1919 until 1939 he was a full professor of pharmacology and toxicology. Following the Nazi takeover of Austria, Fröhlich emigrated to the United States, where he worked at the May Institute of Medical Research of the Jewish Hospital of Cincinnati. Here he continued his experimental research of the central nervous system, he is remembered for his studies on the effects of the pituitary on the autonomic nervous system. With Otto Loewi, he performed pharmacological research on cocaine, he was a good friend of Harvey Cushing, whom he met in 1901 while working with Charles Scott Sherrington in Liverpool. In addition to his own laboratory, he worked in marine laboratories at Naples, Helgoland and in Woods Hole, Massachusetts during his career.
Fröhlich died in 1953 in Cincinnati. In 1901 he provided a comprehensive description of dystrophia adiposogenitalis, of which he published a paper titled Ein Fall von Tumor der Hypophysis cerebri ohne Akromegalie; this disorder is characterized by feminine obesity along with retarded sexual maturity, is caused by tumors of the pituitary. In honor of his discovery, this condition was to become known as "Fröhlich's syndrome", it is sometimes referred to as Babinski-Fröhlich syndrome, named in conjunction with Joseph Babinski, who gave an independent description of the disease a year earlier in 1900. Ein Fall von Tumor der Hypophysis cerebri ohne Akromegalie, In: Wiener klinische Rundschau, 1901, 15: 833–836. Pharmakologie des Centralnervensystems. In: Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie. Volume 10, Wien, 1927. Pharmakologie des vegetativen Nervensystems, In: Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie. Volume 10, Wien, 1927. Allgemein lähmende und erregbarkeitssteigernde Gifte, In: Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie.
Volume 9, Wien, 1929. Alfred Fröhlich @ Who Named ItSpecific Works by or about Alfred Fröhlich at Internet Archive