The center known as the five, or the big man, is one of the five positions in a regular basketball game. The center is the tallest player on the team, has a great deal of strength and body mass as well. In the NBA, the center is 6 feet 10 inches or taller and weighs 240 pounds or more, they traditionally have played close to the basket in the low post. A center with the ability to shoot outside from three-point range is known as stretch five; the center is considered a necessary component for a successful team in professional leagues such as the NBA. Great centers have been the foundation for most of the dynasties in both the NBA and NCAA; the 6'10" George Mikan pioneered the Center position, shattering the held perception that tall players could not develop the agility and coordination to play basketball well, ushering in the role of the dominant big man. He led DePaul University to the NIT title after turning professional, won seven National Basketball League, Basketball Association of America and NBA Championships in his ten-year career, nine of them with the Minneapolis Lakers.
Using his height to dominate opposing players, Mikan invented the shot block. In the 1960s, Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain further transformed basketball by combining height with a greater level of athleticism than previous centers. Following the retirement of George Mikan, the rivalry of the two big men came to dominate the NBA. Between the two of them and Russell won nine of the eleven MVP awards in the eleven-year period between 1958 and 1969. Many of the records set by these two players have endured today. Most notably and Russell hold the top eighteen season averages for rebounds. Bill Russell led the University of San Francisco to two consecutive NCAA Championships, he joined the Boston Celtics and helped make them one of the greatest dynasties in NBA history, winning eleven championships over his thirteen-year career as well as five MVP awards. Russell revolutionized defensive strategy with his shot-blocking and physical man-to-man defense. While he was never the focal point of the Celtics offense, much of the team's scoring came when Russell grabbed defensive rebounds and initiated fast breaks with precision outlet passes to point guard Bob Cousy.
As the NBA's first African-American superstar, Russell struggled throughout his career with the racism he encountered from fans in Boston after the 1966–67 season, when he became the first African-American in any major sport to be named player-coach. His principal rival, Wilt Chamberlain, listed at 7'1", 275 pounds, lacked Russell's supporting cast. Chamberlain played college ball for the Kansas Jayhawks, leading them to the 1957 title game against the North Carolina Tar Heels. Although the Jayhawks lost by one point in triple overtime, Chamberlain was named the tournament's Most Outstanding Player. A member of the Harlem Globetrotters before joining the Philadelphia Warriors of the NBA in 1959, Chamberlain won two Championships, in 1967 with the Philadelphia 76ers and 1972 with the Los Angeles Lakers, although his teams were defeated by the Celtics in the Eastern Conference and NBA Finals, he won seven scoring titles, eleven rebounding titles, four regular season Most Valuable Player awards, including the distinction, in 1960, of being the first rookie to receive the award.
Stronger than any player of his era, he was capable of scoring and rebounding at will. Although he was the target of constant double- and triple-teaming, as well as fouling tactics designed to take advantage of his poor free-throw shooting, he set a number of records that have never been broken. Most notably, Chamberlain is the only player in NBA history to average more than 50 points in a season and score 100 points in a single game, he holds the NBA's all-time records for rebounding average, rebounds in a single game, career rebounds. A lesser-known center of the era was Nate Thurmond, who played the forward position opposite Wilt Chamberlain for the San Francisco Warriors but moved to center after Chamberlain was traded to the new Philadelphia franchise. Although he never won a Championship, Thurmond was known as the best screen setter in the league, his averages of 21.3 and 22.0 rebounds per game in 1966–67 and 1967–68, are exceeded only by Chamberlain and Russell. In contrast to the Celtics dynasty of the 1960s, the 1970s were a decade of parity in the NBA, with eight different champions and no back-to-back winners.
At the college level, the UCLA Bruins, under Coach John Wooden, built the greatest dynasty in NCAA basketball history, winning seven consecutive titles between 1967 and 1973. UCLA had won two consecutive titles in 1964 and 1965 with teams that pressed and emphasized guard play. After not winning in 1966, Wooden's teams changed their style, he led UCLA to three championships-in 1967, 68' and 69'-while winning the first Naismith College Player of the Year Award. During his college career, the NCAA enacted a ban on dunking because of Alcindor's dominant use of the shot, his entrance into the NBA with the Milwaukee Bucks in 1969 was timely, as Bill Russell had just retired and Wilt Chamberlain was 33 years old and plagued by injuries. After leading the Bucks to the 1971 NBA championship, te
The Phoenix Suns are an American professional basketball team based in Phoenix, Arizona. The Suns compete in the National Basketball Association, as a member of the league's Western Conference Pacific Division, are the only team in their division not based in California; the Suns play their home games at the Talking Stick Resort Arena. The franchise began play in 1968 as an expansion team, their early years were shrouded in mediocrity, but their fortunes changed in the 1970s, after partnering long-term guard Dick Van Arsdale and center Alvan Adams with Paul Westphal, the Suns reached the 1976 NBA Finals, in what is considered to be one of the biggest upsets in NBA history. However, after failing to capture a championship, the Suns would rebuild around Walter Davis for a majority of the 1980s, until the acquisition of Kevin Johnson in 1988. Under Johnson, after trading for perennial NBA All-Star Charles Barkley, combined with the output of Tom Chambers and Dan Majerle, the Suns reached the playoffs for a franchise-record thirteen consecutive appearances and remained a regular title contender throughout the 1990s, reached the 1993 NBA Finals.
However, the team would again fail to win a championship, entered into another period of mediocrity until the early part of the 2000s. In 2004, the Suns reacquired Steve Nash, returned into playoff contention. With Nash, Shawn Marion, Amar'e Stoudemire, under head coach Mike D'Antoni, the Suns became renowned worldwide for their quick, dynamic offense, which led them to tie a franchise record in wins in the 2004–05 season. Two more top two Conference placements followed, but the Suns again failed to attain an NBA championship, were forced into another rebuild; the Suns own the NBA's seventh-best all-time winning percentage, have the second highest winning percentage of any teams to have never won an NBA championship. 10 Hall of Famers have played for Phoenix, while two Suns—Barkley and Nash—have won the NBA Most Valuable Player award while playing for the team. The Suns were one of two franchises to join the NBA at the start of the 1968–69 season, alongside the Milwaukee Bucks from Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
They were the first major professional sports franchise in the Phoenix market and in the entire state of Arizona, remained the only one for the better part of 20 years until the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League relocated from St. Louis in 1988; the Suns played its first 24 seasons at Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum, located northwest of downtown Phoenix. The franchise was formed by an ownership group led by Karl Eller, owner of a public enterprise, the investor Donald Pitt, Don Diamond, Bhavik Darji, Marvin Meyer, Richard Bloch. Other owners with a minority stake consisted of entertainers, such as Andy Williams, Bobbie Gentry and Ed Ames. There were many critics, including then-NBA commissioner J. Walter Kennedy, who said that Phoenix was "too hot", "too small", "too far away" to be considered a successful NBA market; this was despite the fact that the Phoenix metropolitan area was growing and the Suns would have built-in geographical foes in places like in San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle.
After continual prodding by Bloch, in 1968 the NBA Board of Governors granted franchises to Phoenix and Milwaukee on January 22, 1968 with an entry fee of $2 million. The Suns nickname was among 28,000 entries that were formally chosen in a name-the-team contest sponsored by The Arizona Republic, with the winner awarded $1,000 and season tickets for the inaugural season. Suns was preferred over Scorpions, Thunderbirds, Mavericks, Tumbleweeds and Cougars. Stan Fabe, who owned a commercial printing plant in Tucson, designed the team's first iconic logo for a mere $200. However, they were disappointed with the results. In the 1968 NBA Expansion Draft, notable Suns' pickups were future Hall of Famer Gail Goodrich and Dick Van Arsdale. Jerry Colangelo a player scout, came over from the Chicago Bulls, a franchise formed two years earlier, as the Suns' first general manager at the age of 28, along with Johnny "Red" Kerr as head coach. Unlike the first-year success that Colangelo and Kerr had in Chicago, in which the Bulls finished with a first-year expansion record of 33 wins and a playoff berth, Phoenix finished its first year at 16–66, finished 25 games out of the final playoff spot.
Both Goodrich and Van Arsdale were selected to the All-Star Game in their first season with the Suns. Goodrich returned to his former team, the Lakers, after two seasons with the Suns, but Van Arsdale spent the rest of his playing days as a Sun and a one-time head coach for Phoenix; the Suns' last-place finish that season led to a coin flip for the number-one overall pick for the 1969 NBA draft with the expansion-mate Bucks. Milwaukee won the flip, the rights to draft UCLA center Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, while Phoenix settled on drafting center Neal Walk from Florida; the 1969–70 season posted better results for the Suns, finishing 39–43, but losing to the eventual Western Conference champion Los Angeles Lakers in the first round of the playoffs. The next two seasons, the Suns finished with 48- and 49-win seasons, but did not qualify for the playoffs in either year, did not reach the playoffs again until 1976; the 1975–76 season proved to be a pivotal year for the Suns as they made several key moves, including the offseason trade of former All-Star guard Charlie Scott to the Boston Celtics in exchange for guard
Hapoel Holon, for sponsorship reasons Hapoel Unet Holon, is a basketball club based in Holon, Israel. Holon plays in the top division of Israeli basketball; the club won their first Israeli championship in 2008, after beating perennial champions Maccabi Tel Aviv in the Final Four. The club was founded in 1947 and was one of the founding clubs of the top division in 1954 when established, finishing second in their first season. Holon returned to the top division at the end of the 2006–07 season after playing for 7 years in the second and the third divisions, finished the 2007–08 regular season at the top of the table, they reached the Playoff Final, where they defeated Maccabi Tel Aviv 73–72 to claim their first championship, with Malik Dixon scoring the winning shot two seconds to the end of the game. PJ Tucker won the MVP title, it was the first time. The club has reached the final of the State Cup six times, but did not pick up their first prize in that competition until 2009, when Brian Tolbert hit a three-pointer as time expired to give them a 69–68 win over Maccabi Haifa in that year's final.
On January 16, 2010, the club celebrated its 1000th game in the Ligat HaAl. In the 2009–10 season, the club was under scrutiny after failing to pay the balance of last years staff and players throughout the end of the season. In 2018, Holon won its second State Cup after beating Maccabi Tel Aviv in the Final, behind MVP Glen Rice, Jr. Hapoel Holon plays its home games at the 5,600 seat Holon Toto Hall. Total titles: 3 Israeli Championships Winners: 2008 Runners-up: 1954, 1955, 2018 semi-finals: 1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1995, 1999, 2008, 2012, 2018 State Cup Winners: 2009, 2018 Runners-up: 1959, 1961, 1986, 1991, 1995 League Cup Runner-up: 2011 The team's colors are yellow and purple after a Jewish American fan of the Los Angeles Lakers donated uniforms in the colors of his favorite club. Before that, the team played in red and white uniforms, like every'Hapoel' team. For many years Holon's mascot was a tiger, it appeared on the team's logo for many years and in the 1990s the team's logo read'Hapoel Tigers Holon'.
After the team won the 2007–08 National League championship, upgraded to the first division, the old symbol was changed and redesigned, keeping Holon's symbol, the tiger. Holon's best homegrown player was Ofer Eshed who played for the club between 1957 and 1972 and he is the all-time points leader in the team, with 7,495 points. Israel Elimelech is considered to be the club's biggest symbol. Played in holon during two decades – and led the team to many successful seasons in the premier league. Played in the legendary home grown team of holon in the 1980s, with Niv Boogin, Avi Maor, the Israeli-American player Micheal Carter, known for driving the fans crazy. Other notable players were: Tzahi Peled, Danny Hadar, Rami Zeig and from early days and the contingent of ex Egyptian players: Marcel Hefetz; the team's 2 titles were won by 2 winning baskets, scored by the 2007–08 PG Malik Dixon, 2008–09 SG Brian Tolbert. Dixon scored a two-pointer 2 seconds to the end of the championship match against Maccabi Tel-Aviv, leaving Maccabi a 2-second possession which they failed to score in.
Tolbert scored a three-point buzzer beater in the cup final, after he got the ball from an inbound pass by Deron Washington. Over the years the club has signed several former NBA players, including P. J. Tucker, Ken Bannister, Clarence Kea, Richard Dumas and Dominic McGuire. John Thomas, who has played in 2009–10 season, is a former NBA player, with a history in five teams, such as New Jersey Nets, Atlanta Hawks, etc. Official website Holoniafans – The Official fansite Fansite – The Kometz From Gate 3
Zvi Sherf, known universally by his nickname Zvika, is an Israeli former basketball player and professional basketball coach. Sherf played basketball with the Maccabi Tel Aviv youth teams, starting at age 12. By age 16, Sherf was playing for Maccabi South Tel Aviv, was sent to a coaching course, along with fellow future Israeli basketball coach Pini Gershon. By age 20, Sherf was coaching the Maccabi Tel Aviv youth teams, by age 25, he was coaching Maccabi South Tel Aviv, leading it to his first championship. In the 1980–81 season, when Maccabi Tel Aviv won the EuroLeague, the Israeli League and the Israeli State Cup titles, Sherf was an assistant coach to Rudy D'Amico. Sherf became Maccabi Tel Aviv's head coach in the 1983–84 season, stayed in that role through the 1985–86 season. In 1984, he became the senior men's Israeli national basketball team head coach, his first Israeli national team coaching tenure, saw two EuroBasket appearances and Israel's historic 7th place finish at the 1986 FIBA World Basketball Championship.
Sherf's tenure as national team head coach ended after what was perceived as a poor performance at EuroBasket 1987, but Sherf returned as the team's head coach for the years 1991-97. In 2005, Sherf was again appointed head coach of the Israeli national basketball team, on January 1, 2008, he was appointed head coach of Maccabi Tel Aviv. Sherf's coaching career includes a Saporta Cup title with Aris Thessaloniki, three EuroLeague Finals appearances, 10 Israeli League championships, six Israeli State Cup titles. On April 10, 2018, Sherf returned to Maccabi Rishon LeZion for a third stint, replacing Shmulik Brener. On November 26, 2018, Sherf parted ways with Rishon LeZion. 10× Israeli Super League Champion:. FIBA Saporta Cup Champion:. Russian Cup Winner: EuroLeague Profile Tzahevet Profile Zvi Sherf is the new Israeli NT Coach
Maccabi Tel Aviv B.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv B. C. for sponsorship reasons Maccabi FOX Tel Aviv, is a professional basketball club based in Tel Aviv, Israel. The team plays internationally in the EuroLeague; the club started in the mid-1930s, as part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv Sports Club, founded in 1906. With 6 EuroLeague championships, one Adriatic League championship, 52 Israeli League championships, 44 Israeli State Cup titles, 7 Israeli League Cup titles, Maccabi has been the most successful basketball team in Israel, is one of the most successful basketball teams in Europe, its players, such as: Tal Brody, Miki Berkovich, Jim Boatwright, Kevin Magee, Earl Williams, Aulcie Perry. The Israeli Basketball Super League started in 1954, Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first champion, it has dominated the championship since, winning the title 51 times, including a run of 23 titles in a row between 1970 and 1992. The team has won the Israeli Basketball State Cup 44 times. Maccabi is considered Israel's national sporting representative in the world.
From 1969 until 2008, Maccabi Tel Aviv was sponsored by Elite, Israel's largest food company, carried its name. Since July 2008, Maccabi has had a new sponsor – Electra. In 2015 they switched their sponsor once again, this time to "Fox". Since 1963, the club's home court has been the Yad Eliyahu Arena] in Tel Aviv. An open-air court for 5,000 spectators, it is now a modern indoor arena with a capacity of 11,060. Most Maccabi head coaches have been former players of the club. Yehoshua Rozin was involved with the club for 40 years. Ralph Klein started as an 18-year-old player and had several spells as a coach, led the club to its first EuroLeague title in the 1977–78 season. Zvi Sherf played for Maccabi's second team, coached the team for three spells. Pini Gershon played in the Youth Section, as a coach, led Maccabi to three EuroLeague titles. Maccabi Tel Aviv has always provided the senior Israeli national basketball team with a large number of players. Five Maccabi players, headed by Avraham Shneur, were on the team that represented Israel in its first EuroBasket, in 1953 in Moscow.
Tanhum Cohen-Mintz was one of Europe's top centers in the sixties, was selected to the first FIBA European Selection European All-Star Team, which played in Madrid in 1964. Miki Berkowitz, Motty Aroesti, Lou Silver, Eric Minkin played a major part in winning the silver medal at the 1979 EuroBasket in Torino. Doron Jamchy played 16 years for the Israeli national team, holds the record for appearances and points scored. Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first Israeli club to enter the FIBA European Champions Cup in the 1958 season. Since it has played over 600 games in European-wide competitions, was the only Israeli club to play in a FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup Final, to win the European-wide top-tier level EuroLeague on six occasions. Maccabi has played in 15 EuroLeague Finals. In 1994 Tel Aviv, in 2004 in Tel Aviv, Maccabi organized the EuroLeague Final Four; the first basketball game between an NBA and a FIBA team, was held in Tel Aviv. Maccabi Tel Aviv beat the defending NBA champions, Washington Bullets, 98–97.
Maccabi has played a record 18 times vs. NBA teams, became the first European team to win on an NBA floor, when it beat the Toronto Raptors, 105–103, in 2005, it beat the Phoenix Suns and Brooklyn Nets in 1984, to win a tournament in Tel Aviv. 5 Israeli League championships, 3 Israeli Cups. Early success in the Israeli League. Rivalry with Hapoel Tel Aviv begins. 5 Israeli League championships, 5 Israeli Cups. Establishment as an elite club with FIBA European All-Stars, like center Tanhum Cohen-Mintz. Fierce rivalry with home-town foes, Hapoel Tel Aviv. Tal Brody came to Israel in 1966, from the United States, after having been drafted #12 in the 1965 National Basketball Association Draft just to take one year out of his life to play for Maccabi Tel Aviv. Ralph Klein, Israel's most successful coach at the time, said that up until the enthusiastic Brody's arrival, Israelis had only viewed basketball as a fun game, but within a year, with his serious attitude and his inspirational commitment, Brody had inculcated his teammates with his view of basketball as a way of life.
At his urging, the team doubled the number of practices. To capitalize on Brody's quickness and speed, the coach abandoned the team's slow pace, in favor of a fast-paced motion game, built around fast breaks. Brody was the most dominant player in the European-wide second tier level FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup in the 1966–67 season. In 1967, he was named Israel's Sportsman of the Year; the team made it through the first and third rounds of the European Cup Winners' Cup's playoffs, reached the Finals, finishing second in the league. For the first time, the Israeli Prime Minister, the Israeli Defense Forces Chief of Staff, Knesset members came to games. Demand for tickets to games in the team's 5,000-seat stadium was so high that they became exceedingly difficult to obtain. 1 FIBA European Champions Cup, 10 Israeli League championships, 8 Israeli Cups. The rise to the top in Europe
Aulcie Perry is a retired American-Israeli professional basketball player. He helped Maccabi Tel Aviv win two EuroLeague championships, during his nine seasons with the team. During his playing career, he was listed at 2.08 m tall, 98 kg in weight, he played at the center position. In 1987, Perry was convicted of drug-smuggling. Perry was born in New Jersey, he attended Newark's West Side High School. Perry graduated from Bethune-Cookman University in Florida, where he played college basketball with the Wildcats. Perry was signed to the Virginia Squires of the American Basketball Association in 1974. Perry was cut from the team during the 1974–75 season and spent the balance of the season with the Allentown Jets, of the Eastern Professional Basketball League; the following season, he was signed by the New York Knicks. After being released by the Knicks, Perry returned to the Jets. During the summer of 1976, Perry was spotted by a scout for Maccabi Tel Aviv, while playing at the Rucker courts in Harlem.
Maccabi Tel Aviv signed Perry for US$6,000 a month, a small sum by American standards, but at the time, one of the highest salaries in the Israeli Super League, in which Maccabi Tel Aviv competed. The other players on the team responded to his leadership and the team had what Sports Illustrated writer Alexander Wolff described as "the most extraordinary season in its remarkable history" and what Perry called "the best nine months of life". In 1977, Perry helped to lead the team to its first FIBA European Champions Cup championship, a prize they took again four years later. Perry played a total of nine seasons with Maccabi Tel Aviv, during which the team won eight Israeli Cups and nine Israeli League championships. Perry became a celebrity in Israel, he was congratulated by Prime Ministers Yitzhak Rabin and Menachem Begin, who said he helped bring "honor to the people of Israel". He began dating Israeli model Tami Ben Ami, the couple were the darlings of the press. Everywhere Perry went, he was besieged by fans seeking his autograph.
In Israel, his name became a generic phrase for a tall person. After the 1977–78 season, Perry converted to Judaism, he adopted the Hebrew name Elisha ben Avraham. Shortly thereafter, Perry became an Israeli citizen. In December 1982, Perry missed a game against Real Madrid; the team told reporters that he was sick with the flu, but in fact a worsening drug problem had kept him from the game. In March 1983, Perry was charged with buying heroin. Perry and his cousin, Kenneth Johnson, were detained in September 1985, when they flew from Amsterdam to New York. Johnson was arrested when customs officials found that the portable stereo he was carrying contained 3.5 pounds of 89 percent pure heroin, with an estimated street value of $1.8 million. The U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration spent the next several months accumulating evidence against Perry, who they suspected was involved with the drug smuggling. In January 1986, a warrant was issued for his arrest. After nine months of fighting extradition, Perry returned to New York for trial.
At the trial, prosecutors portrayed Perry as the mastermind behind the smuggling scheme. Johnson had never been abroad before. Perry had paid for airline tickets in cash, he was seen traveling with a bagful of cash. A flight attendant recognized him from the airplane, where Perry had been holding the portable stereo. In February 1987, Perry was convicted of conspiracy to import heroin, importation of heroin, possession of heroin with intent to distribute. Two months he was sentenced to ten years in prison, he was released in January 1992. After his release from prison, Perry returned to Israel, he sponsors a basketball camp for children in Israel. Perry coaches one of Maccabi Tel Aviv's youth teams. "Slam Dunking in Israel". Ebony. February 1978. Pp. 50–54. Jones, Maya A.. "Home is where the Holy Land is: Book documents African-American players leaving the U. S. for Israel". The Undefeated. Basketball for Stars, Perry's basketball camp
James Earl Boatwright was an American-Israeli professional basketball player, basketball coach, schoolteacher. He won two EuroLeague championships with Maccabi Tel Aviv, in 1977 and 1981, while reaching the EuroLeague Final another time in 1980. In the 1977 final, he led all scorers with 26 points. Boatwright graduated from Minico High School in Rupert, Idaho, in 1970, where he lettered in basketball and golf, he led the Spartans to back-to-back state championship games in 1969 and 1970. As a junior, he averaged 37 points per game during the state tournament, he still holds the record for most free throws made. Boatwright is all time. Having earned a slew of All-State and All-American honors, Boatwright received a scholarship to play at Utah State University, he was the leading scorer in both his junior and senior seasons at Logan, was named Utah State's top athlete in 1974, the same year in which he graduated with a degree in political science. Boatwright played for Maccabi Tel Aviv of the Israeli Basketball Super League, from 1974 to 1982.
He began playing only in EuroLeague, until 1976, when he started playing in the Israeli League. Maccabi won the EuroLeague championship in 1977, Boatwright was the team's leading scorer. Boatwright was selected as a member of the Israeli Olympic basketball team for the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics. While playing for Maccabi, Boatwright had acquired Israeli citizenship, he was able to participate in the EuroBasket 1981, as a member of the senior Israeli national team. At EuroBasket 1981, he averaged 9.6 points a game, helped Israel finish in sixth place. In 1983, Boatwright began coaching at Star Valley, Wyoming, he guided his team to the state championship, was named Wyoming's "Coach of the Year." He taught at elementary and secondary schools in Wyoming and California. In addition, Boatwright, a father of four, married to Jennifer Magrane Boatwright, ran Snowline Basketball Camp across the Western US for 24 years. In 2003, Boatwright became an assistant boys' basketball coach and history teacher at Wood River High School of Hailey, Idaho.
He resigned in December 2012. Boatwright died on February 11, 2013, of liver cancer in Idaho. FIBA Profile FIBA Europe Profile