Greenup County, Kentucky
Greenup County is a county located along the Ohio River in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,910; the county was named in honor of Christopher Greenup. Its county seat is Greenup. Greenup County is part of the WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located with its northern border formed by the Ohio River, Greenup County was organized by an act of the General Assembly of Kentucky on December 12, 1803 from Mason County, which included the majority of eastern Kentucky at the time. Three courthouses have served Greenup County; the first courthouse, built of logs, was replaced by a brick structure in 1811. The current officials of Greenup County are: County Judge/Executive: Robert W. Carpenter County Commissioner: Tony Quillen County Commissioner: Ernest Duty County Commissioner: Andrew Imel County Attorney: Michael Wilson County Coroner: L. Neil Wright County Jailer: Mike Worthington County Treasurer: Sharon Bates County Sheriff: Matt Smith County Surveyor: Anthony Keibler Property Valuation Administrator: Bobby Hall County Clerk: Patricia Hieneman Circuit Court Clerk: Allen ReedGreenup County is a part of the 20th Judicial Circuit and the 20th Judicial District of the Kentucky Court of Justice, which includes neighboring Lewis County.
The officials in the 20th Judicial Circuit are: Circuit Court, Division 1: Robert B. Conley Circuit Court, Division 2: Jeffrey L. Preston Commonwealth's Attorney: Melvin C. LeonhartThe judge in the 20th Judicial District is: District Court: Brian C. McCloudMisdemeanor criminal cases brought in District Court are prosecuted by the County Attorney's office. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 354 square miles, of which 344 square miles is land and 10 square miles is water. Like most eastern Kentucky counties, Greenup County is predominantly made up of rolling hills and valleys; the land in the Ohio River valley is flat and populated by industry and residential development. Beyond this the land gives way to a series of hills and valleys that are representative of the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, it is sparsely inhabited by farmers. Among these hills, popular fishing spots can be found among the Little Sandy River, Greenbo Lake, Tygarts Creek. Greenup County's land is still predominantly covered by forest with minimal clear cutting of the old forests.
The soil has long supported a healthy livestock industry. Traditionally, this has meant a sizeable tobacco base and cattle ranching. Since the late 20th century, as traditional agriculture products have been dominated by industrial-scale agri-corporations, growth has been seen in non-traditional products such as American Quarter Horses and marijuana. U. S. Highway 23 is the primary route for travel through Greenup County, it enters Greenup County at the southeastern most point and follows the Ohio River north along the eastern border passing through Russell, Raceland, Wurtland and South Shore. It exits just west of South Shore crossing the Ohio River via the U. S. Grant Bridge into Portsmouth and continuing north towards Columbus, Ohio; the AA Highway begins at U. S. Highway 23 and connects to U. S. Highway 52 in Ohio via the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge; the AA Highway runs west intersecting Route 7 and exiting west into Lewis County. Since its completion in 1995, the AA Highway has allowed Northeastern Kentucky residents to more travel to Maysville, Kentucky as well as Northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, Ohio.
The northern terminus of the Industrial Parkway ends at U. S. Highway 23 at Wurtland; this highway serves to connect Wurtland and the surrounding towns of Greenup and the unincorporated area of Argillite to the EastPark industrial park and Interstate 64 in Carter County. Boyd County Carter County Lewis County Scioto County, Ohio Lawrence County, Ohio As of the census of 2000, there were 36,891 people, 14,536 households, 11,032 families residing in the county; the population density was 107 per square mile. There were 15,977 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.07% White, 0.57% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.15% from other races, 0.64% from two or more races. 0.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 14,536 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.10% were non-families.
21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,142, the median income for a family was $38,928. Males had a median income of $35,475 versus $21,198 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,137. About 11.60% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over. G
The Ohio River is a 981-mile long river in the midwestern United States that flows southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois. It is the second largest river by discharge volume in the United States and the largest tributary by volume of the north-south flowing Mississippi River that divides the eastern from western United States; the river flows through or along the border of six states, its drainage basin includes parts of 15 states. Through its largest tributary, the Tennessee River, the basin includes several states of the southeastern U. S, it is the source of drinking water for three million people. The lower Ohio River just below Louisville is obstructed by rapids known as the Falls of the Ohio where the water level falls 26ft. in 2 miles and is impassible for navigation. The McAlpine Locks and Dam, a shipping canal bypassing the rapids, now allows commercial navigation from the Forks of the Ohio at Pittsburgh to the Port of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico.
The name "Ohio" comes from the Ohi: yo', lit. "Good River". Discovery of the Ohio River may be attributed to English explorers from Virginia in the latter half of the 17th century. In his Notes on the State of Virginia published in 1781–82, Thomas Jefferson stated: "The Ohio is the most beautiful river on earth, its current gentle, waters clear, bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted." In the late 18th century, the river was the southern boundary of the Northwest Territory. It became a primary transportation route for pioneers during the westward expansion of the early U. S; the river is sometimes considered as the western extension of the Mason–Dixon Line that divided Pennsylvania from Maryland, thus part of the border between free and slave territory, between the Northern and Southern United States or Upper South. Where the river was narrow, it was the way to freedom for thousands of slaves escaping to the North, many helped by free blacks and whites of the Underground Railroad resistance movement.
The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid subtropical and humid continental climate areas. It is inhabited by flora of both climates. In winter, it freezes over at Pittsburgh but farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, near the Ohio's confluence with the Mississippi, it is ice-free year-round; the name "Ohio" comes from the Seneca language, Ohi:yo', a proper name derived from ohiːyoːh, therefore translating to "Good River". "Great river" and "large creek" have been given as translations. Native Americans, including the Lenni Lenape and Iroquois, considered the Ohio and Allegheny rivers as the same, as is suggested by a New York State road sign on Interstate 86 that refers to the Allegheny River as Ohi:yo'. An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi. Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", stabilized to the variant spellings "Pelisipi", "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi".
Applied just to the Ohio River, the "Pelisipi" name was variously applied back and forth between the Ohio River and the Clinch River in Virginia and Tennessee. In his original draft of the Land Ordinance of 1784, Thomas Jefferson proposed a new state called "Pelisipia", to the south of the Ohio River, which would have included parts of present-day Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia; the river had great significance in the history of the Native Americans, as numerous civilizations formed along its valley. For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major trading route, its waters connected communities. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast; the Osage, Omaha and Kaw lived in the Ohio Valley, but under pressure from the Iroquois to the northeast, migrated west of the Mississippi River in the 17th century to territory now defined as Missouri and Oklahoma.
The discovery and traversal of the Ohio River by Europeans admits of several possibilities, all in the latter half of the 17th century. Virginian Englishman Abraham Wood's trans-Appalachian expeditions between 1654 and 1664; the first person to traverse the length of the river, from the headwaters of the Allegheny to its mouth on the Mississippi, was a Dutch trader from New York, Arnout Viele, in 1692. In 1749, Great Britain established the Ohio Company to trade in the area. Exploration of the territory and trade with the Indians in the region near the Forks brought British colonials from both Pennsylvania and Virginia across the mountains, both colonies claimed the territory; the movement across the Allegheny Mountains of British settlers and the claims of the area near modern day Pittsburgh led to conflict with the French, who had forts in the Ohio River Valley. This conflict was called the Indian War. In 17
Kentucky the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth. A part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 26th most populous of the 50 United States. Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the major regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky, which houses two of its major cities and Lexington, it is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, the greatest length of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, the two largest man-made lakes east of the Mississippi River. Kentucky is known for horse racing, bourbon distilleries, coal, the "My Old Kentucky Home" historic state park, automobile manufacturing, bluegrass music, college basketball, Kentucky Fried Chicken.
In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, named for the Kentucky River. The precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but based on an Iroquoian name meaning " the meadow" or " the prairie". Others have put forth the possibility of Kenta Aki, which would come from Algonquian language and, would have derived from the Shawnees. Folk etymology states that this translates as "Land of Our Fathers." The closest approximation in another Algonquian language, Ojibwe translates it more-so to "Land of Our In-Laws", thus making a fairer English translation "The Land of Those Who Became Our Fathers." In any case, the word aki comes out as land in all Algonquian languages. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South. A significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Southeast. West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more. Kentucky's northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. However, the official border is based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792. For instance, northbound travelers on U. S. 41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a thoroughbred racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the only land border between Kentucky. Kentucky has a non-contiguous part known at the far west corner of the state, it exists as an exclave surrounded by Missouri and Tennessee, is included in the boundaries of Fulton County. Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee; the epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area causing the river to flow backwards in some places. Though the series of quakes did change the area geologically and affect the inhabitants of the area at the time, the Kentucky Bend was formed because of a surveying error, not the New Madrid earthquake.
Kentucky can be divided into five primary regions: the Cumberland Plateau in the east, the north-central Bluegrass region, the south-central and western Pennyroyal Plateau, the Western Coal Fields and the far-west Jackson Purchase. The Bluegrass region is divided into two regions, the Inner Bluegrass—the encircling 90 miles around Lexington—and the Outer Bluegrass—the region that contains most of the northern portion of the state, above the Knobs. Much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and narrow hills; the Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps. Located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate, only small higher areas of the southeast of the state has an oceanic climate influenced by the Appalachians. Temperatures in Kentucky range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the winter low of 23 °F; the average precipitation is 46 inches a year.
Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28, 1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19, 1994, it has four distinct seasons, but experiences the extreme cold as far northern states, nor the high heat of the states in the Deep South. Temperatures seldom drop below 0 degrees or rise above 100 degrees. Rain and snowfall totals about 45 inches per year. There are big variations in climate within the state; the northern parts tend to be about 5 degrees cooler than those in western parts of the state. Somerset in the south-central part receives 10 more inches of rain per year than, for instance, Covington to the north. Average temperatures for the entire Commonwe
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, the tenth most densely populated; the state's capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, the first under the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio is known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, Ohioans are known as "Buckeyes". Ohio rose from the wilderness of Ohio Country west of Appalachia in colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars as part of the Northwest Territory in the early frontier, to become the first non-colonial free state admitted to the union, to an industrial powerhouse in the 20th century before transmogrifying to a more information and service based economy in the 21st.
The government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the Governor. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives. Ohio is known for its status as both a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected. Ohio is an industrial state, ranking 8th out of 50 states in GDP, is the second largest producer of automobiles behind Michigan. Ohio's geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic expansion; because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo and business traffic passes through its borders along its well-developed highways. Ohio has the nation's 10th largest highway network and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's manufacturing capacity. To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles of coastline. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River, much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, West Virginia on the southeast.
Ohio's borders were defined by metes and bounds in the Enabling Act of 1802 as follows: Bounded on the east by the Pennsylvania line, on the south by the Ohio River, to the mouth of the Great Miami River, on the west by the line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami aforesaid, on the north by an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, running east after intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami until it shall intersect Lake Erie or the territorial line, thence with the same through Lake Erie to the Pennsylvania line aforesaid. Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. In 1980, the U. S. Supreme Court held that, based on the wording of the cessation of territory by Virginia, the boundary between Ohio and Kentucky is the northern low-water mark of the river as it existed in 1792. Ohio has only that portion of the river between the river's 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark.
The border with Michigan has changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated till plains, with an exceptionally flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp; this glaciated region in the northwest and central state is bordered to the east and southeast first by a belt known as the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, by another belt known as the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills and forests; the rugged southeastern quadrant of Ohio, stretching in an outward bow-like arc along the Ohio River from the West Virginia Panhandle to the outskirts of Cincinnati, forms a distinct socio-economic unit. Geologically similar to parts of West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania, this area's coal mining legacy, dependence on small pockets of old manufacturing establishments, distinctive regional dialect set this section off from the rest of the state.
In 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, an attempt to "address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region." This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia. While 1/3 of Ohio's land mass is part of the federally defined Appalachian region, only 12.8% of Ohioans live there Significant rivers within the state include the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingum River, Scioto River. The rivers in the northern part of the state drain into the northern Atlantic Ocean via Lake Erie and the St. Lawrence River, the rivers in the southern part of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Ohio River and the Mississippi; the worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, including the downtown business district of Dayton; as a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States.
Grand Lake St. Marys in the west-central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for ca
Interstate 64 is an Interstate Highway in the Eastern United States. Its western terminus is at I-70, U. S. Route 40, US 61 in Wentzville, Missouri, its eastern terminus is at an interchange with I-264 and I-664 at Bowers Hill in Chesapeake, Virginia. I-64 connects the major metropolitan areas of St. Louis and Lexington in Kentucky, West Virginia, Richmond and Hampton Roads in Virginia. At 953.74 miles, I-64 is the second longest interstate highway not ending with a 5 or 0, after I-94. I-64 overlaps with I-55, I-57, I-75, I-77, I-81, I-95. I-64 does not maintain exit number continuity for any of the overlaps, as each of the six north-south routes maintain their exit numbering on their respective overlaps with I-64. In Missouri, the stretch was labeled as the Daniel Boone Expressway only as US-40, as such, is still known to some locals in the St. Louis area as Highway 40 though the road has been designated as both I-64 and US-40 since 1988; this road is the southernmost portion of the Avenue of the Saints.
An interchange at Highway N O'Fallon, Missouri opened on December 13, 2004. This interchange accommodates the tie-in of the Missouri Route 364 freeway to I-64. In April 2007, construction started to rebuild 10.5 miles of I-64 in St. Louis, from Spoede Road to Kingshighway; this project included repaving the entire road, rebuilding the overpasses and interchanges, adding a fourth lane between Spoede Road and I-170, connecting I-64 to I-170 in all directions. Construction resulted in the complete closure of portions of the expressway in 2008 and 2009. In 2008, I-64 was closed from I-270 to I-170, re-opening December 15, 2008. Beginning December 15, 2008, I-64 from I-170 to Kingshighway was closed. On December 6, 2009, with a grand opening ceremony and dedication, Interstate 64 was completed in its entire length in Missouri from the Poplar Street Bridge to I-70 in Wentzville; as of December 7, 2009, I-64 signed all the way to Interstate 70 in Wentzville. All stoplights have been removed; the portion of Interstate 64 in St. Louis has been named the Jack Buck Memorial Highway, in honor of the late sportscaster.
I-64 enters Illinois from St. Louis, via the Poplar Street Bridge, where it overlaps I-55 as it crosses the Mississippi River. After crossing the city of East St. Louis and the rest of suburban St. Clair County, the freeway heads southeast through rural Southern Illinois. Shortly after passing Mid-America Airport at Exit 23, I-64 enters Clinton County Washington County. After providing access to towns such as Carlyle, Breese and Centralia, the freeway overlaps I-57 through the Mt. Vernon area for five miles. East of Mt. Vernon in Illinois, services along I-64 are few; the freeway crosses Jefferson and White counties as it progresses east toward Indiana and the Evansville area. East of the St Louis area, there are numerous oil wells dotting the landscape; the section from IL 127 to I-57 opened on October 4, 1974. The section from IL 161 to IL 127 opened in December 1973; the section in the Metro East, except for a short section near I-55/70, opened on December 23, 1975. The section from US 460 to US 45 opened on August 7, 1975.
I-64 enters the state of Indiana. It passes Griffin and Poseyville, passes under nearby State Road 68 passes three marked exits for Evansville proceeds through part of the scenic Hoosier National Forest, with exits leading to Dale and Huntingburg, Santa Claus and Ferdinand, French Lick and Tell City, Indiana's first state capital, Corydon. Near milepost 61, there is a time change from Central Time Zone to Eastern Time Zone; as with all time zone changes on highways maintained by the Indiana Department of Transportation, this change in time zone is not marked with any roadside signage. Between Evansville and New Albany, I-64 intersects a few major north-south arterial highways, such as U. S. 231, Indiana 37, Indiana 135 and offers access to Interstate 65 to Indianapolis via Interstate 265 before crossing into Kentucky on the Sherman Minton Bridge. The 123-mile route in Indiana can be described as being somewhat winding the farther east one travels within the state; the longest straight line distance along the route is the around 9 mile stretch from the Indiana 65 exit to the 26 mile marker, 1 mile east of U.
S. 41. There are many points along the route where the two halves of the highway are nearly 500 feet apart around the Hoosier National Forest and points to the east. In addition, there are several points in the sharp valleys along its route in Dubois, Perry and Harrison Counties, where the highway towers more than 100 feet above the surrounding terrain. Interstate 64 enters Kentucky at Louisville, paralleling the Ohio River along the Riverfront Expressway, it intersects with several downtown interchanges before coming to the Kennedy Interchange, where it intersects Interstate 65 and Interstate 71 in a tangle of ramps referred to as the "Spaghetti Junction". Moving eastward, I-64 passes through Shelbyville, Midway, Winchester, Mount Sterling and Morehead, before leaving the state near Ashland at Catlettsburg, it overlaps Interstate 75 as it makes an arc around the northeast of Lexington's urban core, with the exit numbers for I-75 used for the concurrent portion. The two interstate
Ashland is a home rule-class city in Boyd County, Kentucky, in the United States. Ashland, the largest city in Boyd County, is located upon the southern bank of the Ohio River; the population was 21,684 at the 2010 census. Ashland is a part of the Huntington-Ashland metropolitan area. Ashland is the second-largest city within the MSA, after West Virginia. Ashland serves as an important economic and medical center for northeast Kentucky and is part of the fifth-largest metropolitan area in Kentucky. Ashland dates back to the migration of the Poage family from the Shenandoah Valley via the Cumberland Gap in 1786, they named it Poage's Landing. Called Poage Settlement, the community that developed around it remained an extended-family affair until the mid-19th century. In 1854, the city name was changed to Ashland, after Henry Clay's Lexington estate and to reflect the city's growing industrial base; the city's early industrial growth was a result of the Ohio Valley's pig iron industry and the 1854 charter of the Kentucky Iron and Manufacturing Company by the Kentucky General Assembly.
The city was formally incorporated by the General Assembly two years in 1856. Major industrial employers in the first half of the 20th Century included Armco, Ashland Oil and Refining Company, the C&O Railroad, Allied Chemical & Dye Company's Semet Solvay, Mansbach Steel. Ashland is located at 38°27′50″N 82°38′30″W, it lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.8 square miles, of which 10.7 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 0.30%, is water. Ashland's central business district extends from 12th Street to 18th Street, from Carter Avenue to Greenup Avenue, it includes many preserved and notable buildings, such as the Paramount Arts Center and the Ashland Bank Building, built to Manhattan height and style standards and serves as a reminder of what Ashland leaders hoped it would become. Ashland is in the humid subtropical climate zone, distinctly experiences all four seasons, with vivid fall foliage and occasional snow in winter.
Average high is 88 °F in July, the warmest month, with the average lows of 19 °F occurring in January, the coolest month. The highest recorded temperature was 105 °F in July 1954; the lowest recorded temperature was −25 °F in January 1994. Average annual precipitation is 42.8 inches, with the wettest month being July, averaging 4.7 inches. As of the census of 2000, there were 21,981 people, 9,675 households, 6,192 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,984.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,763 housing units at an average density of 971.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.84% White, 2.30% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population. There were 9,675 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families.
33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.82. In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,309, the median income for a family was $40,131. Males had a median income of $35,362 versus $23,994 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,218. About 14.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over. Ashland is governed by a City Manager form of government; the government switched from a council-manager to a city commissioner-manager form of government in 1950.
The City Manager is the chief administrative officer for the city who reports to a Board of Commissioners. Department heads ranging from the Police to Public works report to the City Manager; the City Manager is Michael Graese. The Mayor of Ashland is not term limited; the mayor presides over City Commission meetings, is a voting member of the City Commission and represents the city at major functions. The current mayor is Stephen E. Gilmore. Ashland's current City Commission members are Mayor Steve Gilmore and Commissioners Amanda Clark, Marty Gute, Matt Perkins and Patricia Steen. In 1925, a new city hall was erected at the corner of 17th Greenup Avenue; the Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland in Summit, unincorporated Boyd County, 5 miles southwest of central Ashland. The United States Postal Service operates the Unity Contract Station; the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky maintains courtroom and office facilities in the Carl D. Perkins United States Courthouse & Federal Building in downtown Ashland.
In the late 19th century, what is now the Ashland Police Department was organized when the town was still known as Poage's Landing. The first executive officer was a town marshal, soon replaced by a professional police department; the city of Ashland has 49 sworn o
Kentucky Route 67
Kentucky Route 67 is a Kentucky State Highway originating at a junction with Interstate 64 near Grayson, Kentucky in Carter County. The route continues through rural ridgetops in Greenup County and touches Boyd County before terminating at U. S. Highway 23 in Greenup County in between Wurtland and Greenup. KY 67 is known as the Industrial Parkway. Construction began on phase one in the spring of 1997; the first segment of the Industrial Parkway extended a little over three miles to a new industrial park. A trumpet interchange was constructed at milepost 179 on Interstate 64. Along the Parkway are two at-grade intersections for this segment, both of which can be upgraded to full folded-diamond interchanges in the future if traffic counts warrant an upgrade. Phase one cost an estimated $50 million to construct. In 1998, another five miles of the Industrial Parkway was constructed; this extended the Parkway from the end of phase one to Culp Creek Road, opened in late-2001 to local traffic and opened in early 2002.
Extending the progression of the highway northward, the third phase opened to traffic in the fall of 2002. Construction began in early-2001 and included a bridge over a small tributary and a folded-diamond interchange with KY 207; the final phase extends from the KY 207 interchange to US 23. Construction began on this segment in early-2002 with work being completed by September 2003, a year ahead of schedule; the northern terminus junctions US 23 at a traffic signal and continues northward.1 of a mile north to KY 3105. It was given the designation of KY 67 at the dedication ceremony. Since being completed, the Industrial Parkway has saved over 30 minutes of travel between Greenup and Grayson on the curvy and dangerous KY 1. In 2004, the State Primary designation was moved from KY 1 to KY 67; the road provides access to the EastPark industrial complex near Interstate 64. Industrial Parkway at Kentuckyroads.com Industrial Parkway Photographs at Kentuckyroads.com State Primary Road System in Boyd County State Primary Road System in Carter County State Primary Road System in Greenup County