Villanow is an unincorporated community in Walker County, United States, which lies between Dalton and LaFayette. There are no schools that serve the community of Villanow. Armuchee Valley Elementary School was closed in 1992, following a fire that destroyed the classrooms and offices. In 1993, a separate fire destroyed. In September 2010, the Armuchee Valley Community Center opened; the community center houses Walker County's No. 14 fire station, in addition to a sheriff's office, voting precinct. A post office called Villanow was established in 1844, remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1934. According to tradition, the community was named when it grew large enough for someone to say "It is no longer a hamlet, but is now a village"; the Villanow Country Store is on the National List of Historic Places under the name of Cavender's Country Store. According to the documentation of the National List of Historic Places it was built around the year of 1840 and was built by Joseph Warren Cavender, who of all of it owners over the years, owned it longest.
It holds the record in the State of Georgia as the longest operating stand alone country store in the entire state. There is a controversy over the actual date of the store's beginning. A current resident of Villanow states that Joseph Warren Cavender was not born yet in 1840, but is believed to be the builder/owner; that means the date is more than incorrect. Joseph Warren Cavender was a soldier for the Confederacy and after the war he became employed by his wartime enemy—the United States Government, he was hired to help in the cleanup and restoration of the area of the battlefield around Chickamauga and Chattanooga and in the installment of many of the monuments of Chickamauga Park. After about 4 years of this effort, it is reported by Villanow citizens that Cavender used his savings to obtain as much available land in the Villanow area at as little as twenty-five cents an acre, including the land upon which the historic Cavender Country Store was built; the Cavender Store supplied any needs of the Villanow community from buggies to caskets.
In addition to the Country Store, Cavender had a buggy and wagon shop, as well as a blacksmith shop and cotton mill on the same property. It was the center of activity of that mountain community and the couple of benches out front of the store served as a vital meeting place. On clear days, there was official business transacted in the front of the store outside; the store itself is now closed after being sold to Marty and Sharon Vess from Rodney and Ebeth Edwards in 1999, who own the sod farm down the road from the store The store is located between Ringgold and Resaca, Georgia, on the highway which runs in front of the store. Joseph Warren Cavender married the only daughter of Villanow and Walker County's first physician Adam G. Clements, MD—Martha "Mattie" Clements. All seven brothers of "Mattie" Clements served along with Joseph Warren Cavender in the Confederate Armed Forces. Three of them attained the position of Asst. Surgeon. All eight of those sons of Villanow, returned home to lead peaceful lives with their families and townsfolk.
The store is now being converted into a house http://www.city-data.com/city/Villanow-Georgia.html. Http://www.tfponline.com/news/2010/aug/24/new-fire-stations-opening-north-georgia/?mobile
Walker County, Georgia
Walker County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,756; the county seat is LaFayette. The county was created on December 18, 1833, from land belonging to the Cherokee Indian Nation. Walker County is part of the Chattanooga TN/GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Walker County is one of only nine counties in the United States still employing the sole commissioner form of government. Walker County was named after Georgia'a U. S. Senator, Freeman Walker. Civil War battles fought in Walker County were part of the Chickamauga Campaign fought between August 21 and September 20, 1863: Second Battle of Chattanooga, August 21. Battle of Davis's Cross Roads, September 10–11. Battle of Chickamauga, September 19–20. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 447 square miles, of which 446 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water. The northern two-thirds of Walker County is located in the Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga sub-basin of the Middle Tennessee-Hiwassee basin.
Most of the southeastern portion of the county is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin, with a small southeastern sliver located in the Conasauga River sub-basin in the larger ACT River Basin. The rest of the southern portion of Walker County is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin. Chattahoochee National Forest Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Ellison's Cave Lookout Mountain McLemore Cove Petty John's Cave Pigeon Mountain Rocktown Rock City Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum Chattanooga Southern Railway Tennessee and Georgia Railway Chickamauga and Durham Railroad Chattanooga and Durham Railroad Chattanooga and Southern Railroad Central of Georgia Railway Southern Railway As of the census of 2000, there were 61,053 people, 23,605 households, 17,467 families residing in the county; the population density was 137 people per square mile. There were 25,577 housing units at an average density of 57 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 94.43% White, 3.78% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 23,605 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.00% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,406, the median income for a family was $39,034.
Males had a median income of $29,448 versus $21,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,867. About 10.00% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 68,756 people, 26,497 households, 18,898 families residing in the county; the population density was 154.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 30,100 housing units at an average density of 67.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.0% white, 4.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were American, 15.3% were Irish, 11.2% were English, 9.3% were German. Of the 26,497 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,723 and the median income for a family was $46,307. Males had a median income of $38,297 versus $29,285 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,440. About 11.6% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. Chickamauga Fort Oglethorpe LaFayette Lookout Mountain Rossvillecolvrtownhttps://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Walker_County,_Georgia&action=edit§ion=14 Chattanooga Valley Fairview Lakeview National Register of Historic Places listings in Walker County, Georgia Northwest Georgia Joint Development Authority City of Chickamauga City of LaFayette City of Rossville City of Lookout Mountain, Ga. Walker County Messenger WQCH Radio Walker County, GA, geneal
Flintstone is an unincorporated community in Walker County, United States. Located in northwestern Georgia, Flintstone lies 12 miles south of Chattanooga, Tennessee, 120 miles northwest of Atlanta, 135 miles southeast of Nashville, 150 miles northeast of Birmingham, Alabama. Although Flintstone is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 30725. A post office called Flintstone has been in operation since 1891; the community was named for deposits of flintstone near the original town site. Flintstone is known as Chattanooga Valley, the northern terminus of the community is the Tennessee-Georgia state boundary. Many residents commute to Chattanooga due to the city's physical proximity. Geological features include the eastern slope of Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge, as well as Chattanooga Creek and Rock Creek. Flintstone is semi-rural, with pockets of subdivisions scattered throughout, it includes a business district complete with a bank, gas stations, hardware, a monument office and other amenities.
The former main line of the now abandoned Tennessee and Georgia Railway traverses Flintstone. Flintstone is included in the Fort Oglethorpe Quad of topographical maps published by the United States Geological Services. Flintstone experiences about 210 sunny days, 110 rainy days, with an annual rainfall of 54 inches with only 3-5 days of snowfall due to the warm temperatures and humidity
Rossville is a city in Walker County, United States. The population was 4,105 at the 2010 census, it is part of the TN -- GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. A post office called Rossville has been in operation since 1817; the city was named after Cherokee Indian Chief John Ross, who resided there until being forced to relocate with his people to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears. The city incorporated in 1905; the John Ross House, a log cabin, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles, all land. Rossville is a suburb of Chattanooga and the cities are separated by the Tennessee/Georgia state line; the city lies in a broad valley between Missionary Ridge to the east and Lookout Mountain to the west. Fort Oglethorpe and the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park lie across Missionary Ridge to the southeast. U. S. Route 27 connects Rossville to Fort Oglethorpe; as of the census of 2010, there were 4005 people, 1,507 households, 955 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,945.7 people per square mile. There were 1,693 housing units at an average density of 938.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.51% White, 3.90% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.48% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. There were 1,507 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.85. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.1 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $23,612, the median income for a family was $29,423. Males had a median income of $26,346 versus $21,875 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,175. About 16.6% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. The city is the hometown of country singers Lauren Kane Brown. Ross's Landing Media related to Rossville, Georgia at Wikimedia Commons Official site
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Chickamauga is a city in Walker County, United States. The population was 2,245 at the 2000 census and 3,101 in 2010, it is part of the TN -- GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Before the 1800s, the Chickamauga-Cherokee settled around Chickamauga Creek, where they farmed and hunted the lands, they stayed there until their forced exodus during the Trail of Tears. In the early to mid-19th century, the present town of Chickamauga was a large plantation in the rolling hills of north Georgia; when the Cherokee Nation was divided into districts and courts in 1820, Crawfish Springs was made the capital of the new Chickamauga District. After the Cherokee removal, the first court in Walker County was held there in the former Cherokee courthouse; the local post office was Crawfish Springs. During the War of 1812, 500 Cherokee warriors from the area fought alongside General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, against the Creek Indians, who were aligned with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The battle ended in a victory for the Americans. The Lee and Gordon families influenced Chickamauga's post-Cherokee history. In 1836 Gwinnett County native James Gordon established a plantation at Crawfish Springs and built a grist mill two miles east of town, on Chickamauga Creek. Lee and Gordon's Mill, which contained the area's first general store, was situated near a blacksmith shop and stagecoach stop. From 1840 to 1847, Gordon built his Doric-columned brick house; the area was settled by many other farm families and life was busy and fruitful in the fertile valleys, until this remote part of the South was visited by the sounds of cannon and guns during the American Civil War. The Battle of Chickamauga, named for nearby Chickamauga Creek, was fought on September 19–20, 1863, it involved more than 150,000 soldiers of the Southern armies. Before the battle, Union Gen. William Rosecrans put his headquarters at the Gordon Lee Mansion. During the battle and injured soldiers were cared for in the home and nearby buildings.
Many Union doctors remained behind to care for their patients after the Southern victory. Parched soldiers of both sides drank from the town's namesake springs. Crawfish Springs was the site of an 1889 reunion of veteran soldiers and Southern, who had fought in the Battle of Chickamauga. Called the "Blue and Gray Barbecue", hundreds of soldiers and their families visited the sites of the bloody battle from over 25 years before, smoking the pipe of peace, healing the wounds, helping start the Chickamauga National Park; the Chickamauga Battlefield, established in 1890, is just north of the City of Chickamauga, is a part of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, the first and largest in the country. In 1888, a railroad line was built through Crawfish Springs. A syndicate bought the land and used some of it to develop a summer resort, complete with the Park Hotel, which opened in 1891. Around this same time, the Central of Georgia Railway built a stone depot for visitors to the hotel.
After passenger service ceased in the 1950s, the city schools, library system, recreation department used the depot. It now houses Model Train Museum. Occasional tourist train excursions stop at the Chickamauga depot; the Durham Iron and Coal Company built coke ovens on Chickamauga's north side, used to transform coal into coke for iron and steel foundries in Chattanooga. Beginning in 1891, coal was transported by train twice daily from Lookout Mountain to Chickamauga. Production peaked in 1904, at about 700 to 1,000 tons of coal per day, ended during the Great Depression; these coke ovens were restored in the 1990s for exhibition. In the early 20th century, Chickamauga became a textile-mill town. New England native Daniel Ashley Jewell, who had moved to middle Georgia prior to the Civil War, built a cotton mill; the small community in central Georgia that grew up around his mill is still called Jewell. His sister subsequently married a Colonel W. L. L. Bowen. Jewell and his brother-in-law reorganized the bag company and it became the Bowen-Jewell Bag Company.
Soon after, Colonel Bowen's nephew, A. S. Bowen, joined the company as a salesman; the company's best customers were the large grain mills in east Tennessee. For this reason, it was determined to move the company to Chattanooga in 1905. D. A. Jewell and business partner Colonel Bowen bought land in Chickamauga in 1907 from US Senator Gordon Lee; the men had heard that Lee, the owner of the springs, was proud of his sharp business dealings and had sold Crystal Spring several times, only to repossess it as soon as the first payment was missed. Jewell and Bowen dressed themselves in their worst clothes and tried to look like a less than affluent rural men, they discussed buying the land. When a price had been quoted, they told Lee to have his attorney draw up the papers and they would return to work out the terms of purchase; when they came back, they had their attorney with him. Rather than seeking terms, they paid in cash, Lee had no choice but to relinquish the property. Jewell and Bowen built the Crystal Springs Bleachery Company.
The Crystal Springs Bleachery Company was a major local employer and a significant player in the development of the town. The mill remained in operation until 2013. Other notable manufacturers have interests in Chickamauga such as Shaw Industries. Over the last century, the city has changed and grown, from a population of 95 to 3,101; the city is surrounded by the north Georgia mountains and valleys, the history of the area has been re
A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city one that contains substantial visible remains. A town becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, pollution, or nuclear disasters; the term can sometimes refer to cities and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but less so than in past years. Some ghost towns those that preserve period-specific architecture, have become tourist attractions; some examples are Bannack, Centralia and South Pass City in the United States, Barkerville in Canada, Craco in Italy, Elizabeth Bay and Kolmanskop in Namibia, Pripyat in Ukraine, Danushkodi in India. The town of Plymouth on the Caribbean island of Montserrat is a ghost town, the de jure capital of Montserrat, it was rendered uninhabitable by volcanic ash from an eruption. The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, between cultures.
Some writers discount settlements that were abandoned as a result of a natural or human-made disaster or other causes using the term only to describe settlements that were deserted because they were no longer economically viable. Some believe. Whether or not the settlement must be deserted, or may contain a small population, is a matter for debate. Though, the term is used in a looser sense, encompassing any and all of these definitions; the American author Lambert Florin's preferred definition of a ghost town was "a shadowy semblance of a former self". Factors leading to abandonment of towns include depleted natural resources, economic activity shifting elsewhere and roads bypassing or no longer accessing the town, human intervention, massacres and the shifting of politics or fall of empires. A town can be abandoned when it is part of an exclusion zone due to natural or man-made causes. Ghost towns may result when the single activity or resource that created a boomtown is depleted or the resource economy undergoes a "bust".
Boomtowns can decrease in size as fast as they grew. Sometimes, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town; the dismantling of a boomtown can occur on a planned basis. Mining companies nowadays will create a temporary community to service a mine site, building all the accommodation and services required, remove them once the resource has been extracted. Modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote village, only to leave a ghost town once the resource was depleted. In some cases, multiple factors may remove the economic basis for a community. S. Route 66 suffered both mine closures when the resources were depleted and loss of highway traffic as US 66 was diverted away from places like Oatman, Arizona onto a more direct path. Mine and pulp mill closures have led to many ghost towns in British Columbia, Canada including several recent ones: Ocean Falls which closed in 1973 after the pulp mill was decommissioned, Kitsault B.
C. whose molybdenum mine shut after only 18 months in 1982 and Cassiar whose asbestos mine operated from 1952 to 1992. In other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a town's intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place; this happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a regional centre for the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton in 1899, linking it with the rest of Queensland, Collingwood was a ghost town by the following year; the Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon. The rise of condominium investment caused for real estate bubbles leads to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise and affordable housing becomes less available; such examples include China and Canada, where housing is used as an investment rather than for habitation. Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can create a ghost town.
This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontario's historic Opeongo Line, along U. S. Route 66 after motorists bypassed the latter on the faster moving highways I-44 and I-40; some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water. Amboy, California was part of one such series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is one example being the towns along the Aral Sea. Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government, residents are required to relocate. One example is the village of Tyneham in Dorset, acquired during World War II to build an artillery range. A similar situation occurred in the U. S. when NASA acquired land to construct the John C. Stennis Space Center, a rocket testing facility in Hancock County, Mississippi; this required NASA to acquire a large (approximately 34-square-mile (88