Interstate 285 (Georgia)
Interstate 285 is an Interstate Highway loop encircling Atlanta, for 63.98 miles. It connects the three major interstate highways to Atlanta: I-20, I-75 and I-85. Colloquially referred to as The Perimeter, it carries unsigned State Route 407, is signed as Atlanta Bypass on I-75/I-85; because of suburban sprawl, it is estimated that more than two million people use the highway each day, making it the busiest Interstate in the Atlanta metropolitan area, one of the most traveled roadways in the United States. During rush hour, portions of the highway slow, sometimes to a crawl. I-285 is eight to 12 lanes wide, with the northern part from I-75 to SR 400 to I-85 the most traveled. One segment of the highway near Spaghetti Junction with I-85 widens to 18 lanes, including collector-distributor lanes. Exits are numbered clockwise, starting at the southwestern-most point at I-85, ending just east of there where it meets I-85 again near Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport. Between I-85 and I-20 in southwest Fulton County, I-285 is designated as the Bob A. Holmes Freeway, where I-285 heads north, has an interchange with the Langford Parkway.
Between I-20 in northwest Atlanta and I-75 near Cumberland Mall, it is designated as the James E.'Billy' McKinney Highway as it continues north, starts to curve to the east just west of the I-75 interchange. The northern portion of I-285, east of the Cobb Cloverleaf to Spaghetti Junction, is referred to as the Top End Perimeter; this section, which includes an interchange with SR 400 at exit 27, is one of the busiest freeways in the United States, handling about 250,000 cars per day and crossing through three counties. Through that stretch, the freeway expands from eight lanes to between ten and fourteen lanes. While I-285 does not travel through Gwinnett County, the highway travels close to the DeKalb–Gwinnett county line and many major highways in Gwinnett County connect to I-285, with some prominent ones being US 78, I-85, SR 141. Major Gwinnett cities close to I-285 are Norcross. From exit 25 to exit 27, I-285 is concurrent with US 19. Much of Atlanta's high-end commercial real estate has developed along I-285 at the northwestern I-75 and the SR 400 interchanges.
Notable buildings include the 35-story King and Queen towers in the Perimeter Center business district and the Cobb Galleria complex in the Cumberland/Galleria area. East of Spaghetti Junction, I-285's direction switches from east to south, as it connects with the Stone Mountain Freeway at exit 39, has an interchange with I-20 at exit 46, where I-285 starts to curve towards the southwest. At exit 52, it has an interchange with Interstate 675, heads straight west after the interchange with I-75 near the Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport. A portion of the section between I-75 and I-85 on the south side of I-285 has been bridged with a new runway and taxiway of Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, one of only two interstates in the nation to have an underpass beneath a runway. Computer animations were developed prior to construction to simulate a jumbo jet touching down on the runway from a driver's perspective; the entire highway within the tunnels is outfitted with stopped-vehicle sensors and fire detectors.
Two electronic signs on either side of the tunnels can warn drivers if the tunnel is closed in an emergency. For 1.21 miles in the southwest corner, I-85 occupies the median of I-285, yet the roadways remain separate. Heavy trucks traveling through Atlanta are required to bypass the city on I-285, as there is a well-signed and enforced ban on through truck traffic along I-75, I-85, I-20, SR 400, many other major Atlanta thoroughfares; as with highways just outside I-285, trucks are prohibited from the far-left one or two lanes. The complete circumference of I-285 is covered by Georgia NaviGAtor, Georgia's intelligent transportation system. There have been 153 CCTV traffic cameras, 26 electronic message signs, traffic-detection sensors installed in phases between 1999 and 2010 by Georgia DOT. Additionally, ramp meters are present at nearly all entrance ramps onto I-285, with the exception of the southeast section of I-285 and the major freeway-to-freeway connection ramps. To many residents of Atlanta, the Perimeter defines a useful boundary to separate metro Atlanta's core from its surrounding suburbs.
People distinguish a location as being inside or outside the Perimeter, sometimes abbreviated as ITP and OTP, a recent local neologism. This was the rough boundary chosen by BellSouth for separating landline telephone exchanges in suburban area code 770 from the existing area code 404 in 1995. 404 is Atlanta itself and most suburbs inside the Perimeter, while 770 serves most of the suburbs outside the Perimeter. I-285 was completed and opened in sections, with the entire highway opened on October 15, 1969 at a cost of $90 million, as a four-lane freeway throughout; the reconstruction of I-285 on the top-end and the Spaghetti Junction reconfiguration, has cost about $355 million. Until 2000, the state of Georgia used the sequential interchange numbering system on all of its Interstate highways; the first exit on each highway began with the number "1" and increase numerically with each exit. In 2000, the Georgia Department of Transportation switched to a mileage-based exit system
Johnson Ferry was an important 19th-century ferry linking what is now Atlanta with much of north Georgia on the other side of the Chattahoochee River. The name Johnson is a corrupted version of the owner's name, Johnston. A historical plaque on the present Johnson Ferry Road documents that ownership. William Marion Johnston, a Georgia native born in 1817, owned the farm at that location during the Civil War and raised thirteen children by two different wives; when he died in 1879, his grave in Marietta was robbed by a janitor from the Atlanta Medical College in order to sell the cadaver to the college. Johnson Ferry Road — incorrectly referred to as "Johnson's Ferry Road," as most other local historic ferry names end in -s or -'s — is now a major arterial road between Cobb County and Sandy Springs, it begins in Chamblee at Georgia 141 and travels northwest, temporarily terminates in Sandy Springs just south of I-285 at an intersection with Glenridge Drive. It returns just north of I-285 at Glenridge Drive, crossing north/south Roswell Road near its central business district.
It becomes four lanes at Abernathy Road, although traffic to and from the northwest takes Abernathy rather than the southern leg of Johnson Ferry Road. It continues northwest with various turn lanes and descends to Riverside Drive crosses the river, leaving the city of Sandy Springs and crossing the county line from Fulton into Cobb; the scenery changes from tree-lined and park-like to cut-away hillsides covered with invasive kudzu vines and naturalized mimosa trees. This is the result of the 1990s widening to six lanes plus a raised median, with no replanting done except in the median. Upon reaching Paper Mill Road, the steep climb levels off and heavier local traffic begins, passing Lower Roswell Road at Parkaire and Roswell Road, the major crossroads of east Cobb, one of the county's most-traveled and most accident-prone intersections, it is a major retail business district known as Merchants Walk, for its original shopping center. North of here, it becomes residential and goes back to four lanes and a landscaped median, passing Sewell Mill Road, Post Oak Tritt Road, coming to Shallowford Road, an east-west arterial road.
This intersection is a retail business district known as Shallowford Falls. The road continues north as a neighborhood street in the Chimney Lakes neighborhood ending at Childers Road; the Johnson Ferry bridge was widened from four to six lanes in 2013. From Columns Drive on the northwest riverbank of the Chattahoochee River, southeast to Abernathy Road, continuing east on Abernathy to Roswell Road, the roads have been temporarily designated by GDOT as State Route 947; this is due to the heavy volume of rush hour traffic traveling this route to get to and from SR 400 and Perimeter Mall, the failure of Cobb and Fulton counties to come to an agreement on their own, with Fulton at one time timing the traffic lights to cause further morning backups into Cobb. All but one of the homes along Abernathy were destroyed for widening, but the neighborhoods along the 1¼ miles or two kilometers of Johnson Ferry Road were spared. Johnson Ferry and Abernathy were "broken", such that they flow directly into each other, now require a turn at two new intersections to stay straight on the original roads.
The bridge at the former ferry location was widened between Columns Drive on the Cobb riverbank to Riverside Drive on the Fulton riverbank, from four lanes to six plus bike lanes, wide sidewalks, a raised road median. The adjacent section of the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area is the Johnson Ferry unit, it runs along the Cobb side of the river, most of it northeast to Morgan Falls Dam, a small section southwest along Columns Drive. Historic ferries of the Atlanta area
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Atlanta is the capital of, the most populous city in, the U. S. state of Georgia. With an estimated 2017 population of 486,290, it is the 38th most-populous city in the United States; the city serves as the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area, home to 5.8 million people and the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the nation. Atlanta is the seat of the most populous county in Georgia. A small portion of the city extends eastward into neighboring DeKalb County. Atlanta was founded as the terminating stop of a major state-sponsored railroad. With rapid expansion, however, it soon became the convergence point between multiple railroads, spurring its rapid growth; the city's name derives from that of the Western and Atlantic Railroad's local depot, signifying the town's growing reputation as a transportation hub. During the American Civil War, the city was entirely burned to the ground in General William T. Sherman's famous March to the Sea. However, the city rose from its ashes and became a national center of commerce and the unofficial capital of the "New South".
During the 1950s and 1960s, Atlanta became a major organizing center of the civil rights movement, with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Ralph David Abernathy, many other locals playing major roles in the movement's leadership. During the modern era, Atlanta has attained international prominence as a major air transportation hub, with Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport being the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic since 1998. Atlanta is rated as a "beta" world city that exerts a moderate impact on global commerce, research, education, media and entertainment, it ranks in the top twenty among world cities and 10th in the nation with a gross domestic product of $385 billion. Atlanta's economy is considered diverse, with dominant sectors that include transportation, logistics and business services, media operations, medical services, information technology. Atlanta has topographic features that include rolling hills and dense tree coverage, earning it the nickname of "the city in a forest."
Revitalization of Atlanta's neighborhoods spurred by the 1996 Summer Olympics, has intensified in the 21st century, altering the city's demographics, politics and culture. Prior to the arrival of European settlers in north Georgia, Creek Indians inhabited the area. Standing Peachtree, a Creek village where Peachtree Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the closest Indian settlement to what is now Atlanta; as part of the systematic removal of Native Americans from northern Georgia from 1802 to 1825, the Creek were forced to leave the area in 1821, white settlers arrived the following year. In 1836, the Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad in order to provide a link between the port of Savannah and the Midwest; the initial route was to run southward from Chattanooga to a terminus east of the Chattahoochee River, which would be linked to Savannah. After engineers surveyed various possible locations for the terminus, the "zero milepost" was driven into the ground in what is now Five Points.
A year the area around the milepost had developed into a settlement, first known as "Terminus", as "Thrasherville" after a local merchant who built homes and a general store in the area. By 1842, the town had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed "Marthasville" to honor the Governor's daughter. J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad, suggested the town be renamed Atlanta; the residents approved, the town was incorporated as Atlanta on December 29, 1847. By 1860, Atlanta's population had grown to 9,554. During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a hub for the distribution of military supplies. In 1864, the Union Army moved southward following the capture of Chattanooga and began its invasion of north Georgia; the region surrounding Atlanta was the location of several major army battles, culminating with the Battle of Atlanta and a four-month-long siege of the city by the Union Army under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman.
On September 1, 1864, Confederate General John Bell Hood made the decision to retreat from Atlanta, he ordered the destruction of all public buildings and possible assets that could be of use to the Union Army. On the next day, Mayor James Calhoun surrendered Atlanta to the Union Army, on September 7, Sherman ordered the city's civilian population to evacuate. On November 11, 1864, Sherman prepared for the Union Army's March to the Sea by ordering the destruction of Atlanta's remaining military assets. After the Civil War ended in 1865, Atlanta was rebuilt. Due to the city's superior rail transportation network, the state capital was moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta in 1868. In the 1880 Census, Atlanta surpassed Savannah as Georgia's largest city. Beginning in the 1880s, Henry W. Grady, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution newspaper, promoted Atlanta to potential investors as a city of the "New South" that would be based upon a modern economy and less reliant on agriculture. By 1885, the founding of the Georgia School of Technology and the Atlanta University Center had established Atlanta as a center for higher education.
In 1895, Atlanta hosted the Cotton States and International Exposition, which attracted nearly 800,000 attendees and promoted the New South's development to the world. During the first decades of the 20th century, Atlanta experienced a period of unprecedented growth. In three decades' time, Atlanta's population tripled as the city limits expanded to include nearby streetcar suburbs; the city's skyline emerged with the construction of the
Historic ferries of the Atlanta area
Historic ferries operated on rivers around Atlanta, Georgia area, became namesakes for numerous current-day roads in north Georgia. Most of the ferries date to the early years of European-American settlement in the 1820s and 1830s, when Cherokee and other Native Americans still occupied part of what became Georgia. An assortment of owned and operated ferries carried travelers and loads across the Chattahoochee River and several other smaller rivers. Ferry operators set up small trading posts at their ferry landings, they provided much needed service when there were no bridges, many rivers ran too high to be forded. After the Civil War, the state and cities began to build bridges to replace the ferries; some of these are counted among the historic bridges of the Atlanta area. Note: The first sentence below has no historical documentation. There are no historical references to a Bell's Ferry across Little River. There was a King's Ferry there in the 1830's See book cited below. Consult court documents and information about Bell's Ferry cited here below.
Bell's Ferry was a run ferry across the Little River in Cherokee County. This location is now part of a narrow arm of Lake Allatoona, the present-day Bell's Ferry Road crosses the Little River over a bridge. Bells Ferry Road runs from Church Street in Marietta, north to Marietta Street, it is an alternative route between the two county seats, departing well west of former SR 5. Until 1984, the section of this road from SR 92 at Oak Grove north to Canton was designated as SR 205. Within the city of Marietta, street name signs use the proper "Bell's" rather than "Bells"; the southernmost end of the road is called Church Street Extension, although it is a turn off Church Street, a straight continuation of Bells Ferry Road. The name change occurs at an arbitrary place in the road, instead of at a major intersection such as Cobb Parkway; this section was once the main street through the small town of Elizabeth. According to Cherokee County court documents of 1835, James H. Bell operated a ferry across the Etowah River.
It has been suggested that, since James Bell owned Land Lot 252/21/2 at the time and as it contained both banks of the Etowah, this was the probable location of his ferry. This site is near present-day Bridge Mill community, northwest of Bells Sixes roads. In June 1835, Bell sold the ferry. In January 1837, Bell purchased Land Lot 478/21/2 on the Etowah. A ferry had been established there in 1834 by Jonathan J. Johnson. Bell operated this ferry until December 1855, he built a bridge across the Etowah near this location. Land Lot 478 is near present-day Victoria Landing on Lake Allatoona; these two Bell's ferry locations account for the Bell's Ferry Rd. between Canton and Marietta, for the Bell's Ferry roads found across the Etowah River, running north and west from the Land Lot 478/21/2 ferry site. Montgomery Ferry. Run by Martin DeFoor. Grogan's Ferry was a ferry located on the Chattahoochee River in the northern part of Milton County, now present day Fulton County, near Milton. Heard's Ferry Isom's Ferry, was operated by John Heard.
It was named for Judge John Stevens Heard, who served as a corporal in the 9th Georgia Battalion Artillery and is buried in the Heard family cemetery off Heards Ferry Road not far from the ferry location. This ferry crossed over the Chattahoochee River. A street off Peachtree Industrial Boulevard bears its name; the ferry is named for the Howell family who operated it. Near Palmetto. Isom's Ferry was operated in the 1860s by James Isom; the ferry went by many names, include Isham's Ferry, Isham's Ford, Phillip's Ford, Cavalry Ford. John Heard operated it until 1890 as Heard's Ferry. John Isom – Jr. 1st Lieutenant Appointed 2nd Corporal, March 4, 1862 Private in Captain Sentell's Company, Leyden's, Artillery Battalion. This company subsequently became 9th Battalion Georgia Artillery. Age 45, Enlisted Atlanta, Ga. March 4, 1862 Under A. Leyden for 3 years or war. From March 4, to May 1, 1862 Present Acted as Corporal up to date May 1, 1862 Elected 2nd Lieutenant, May – June 1862 not stated, May 20, 1862 Bounty Paid $50, Resigned as Captain April 15, 1864 for health reasons, Captured in Berrien County, July 16, 1864, Appeared on a Register of Prisoner of War received at Military Prison, Kentucky.
Received at military prison Louisville, Ky. Released north of the Ohio River. Took oath to US Aug 27, 1864. Complexion Dark, Hair Light, Blue, Height 5' 7", Born in Jackson County, Georgia, in 1818. Buried in Grady County, Ga. Received a Cross of Honor from Atlanta UDC Chapter 18. Dates: 14 Dec 1818-22 Jun 1904. Although the name of the road is now Johnson Ferry, the ferry that crossed the Chattahoochee River at that point was called "Johnston's Ferry" because it was operated by William Marion Johnston, who owned the land. A historical marker placed by the Georgia Historical Commission in 1963 states, "300 ft. W. stood the res. of Wm. Johnston who operated the ferry in the 1850's, where Johnston's Fy. Rd. crosses the Chattahoochee River. July 5, 1864. Gen. Kenner Garrard's cav. div. en route from Marietta to Roswell via this rd. camped on Willeo Cr. from which point he sent a regiment S. to burn the Paper Mills on Soap Creek. July 9. Newton's 4th A. C. div. moving from Vining's Station, traversed this road to Roswell to support Garrard's passage of the river at Shallow Ford -- retracing July 12 & crossing
Stein Mart is an American discount men and women's department store chain based in Jacksonville, Florida. The company reported a profit of $25.6 million in 2013 with operation of 260 stores in 29 states. Stein Mart has locations in the Southeast and California. Stein Mart stores carry recent trends in clothing for both women. Additionally, home décor and shoes are all available at discounted prices. Stein Mart was founded in 1908 by Sam Stein, a Russian Jewish immigrant who opened his first store in Greenville, Mississippi; the department store carried general merchandise until Stein's son, took over the company upon his death in 1932. It was that the store redirected its focus toward discounted clothing; the chain targeted customers who shopped department stores on a regular basis, inducing them to purchase goods by offering discounts of 25 to 60 percent off department store prices. By the late 1970s, Stein Mart had become a leading retailer of clothing for the family in the Mississippi Delta.
Under Jay Stein’s leadership, Stein Mart grew from three stores in 1977 to 40 stores in 1990, to 123 stores by the end of 1996. In determining the prime locations for new Stein Mart stores, management targeted cities with populations of 125,000 or more and relied on demographic research regarding income and occupation to help predict whether a community might support a discounter of designer merchandise. In 2002, Jay Stein stepped down but remained as chairman and the largest Stein Mart share holder to this day. John H. Williams Jr. served as vice chairman and chief executive officer of the company from September 2001 to February 2003 and still serves on the Stein Mart board. Michael D. Fisher held the position of president and chief executive officer of the company from 2003 to August 2007. At that time, Fisher resigned and Linda McFarland Farthing was appointed as president and chief executive officer of Stein Mart. Farthing had been a longtime Stein Mart board member and held the president and CEO position for one year.
Upon her resignation in 2008, David H. Stovall Jr. served as CEO until 2011. In September 2011, he announced his retirement, leaving Jay Stein to take over as the interim CEO. On April 25, 2014, Stein Mart announced that the Board of Directors had created the Office of the President, appointing D. Hunt Hawkins and Brian R. Morrow to share the office. Both reported to CEO Jay Stein. Hawkins had been with the company for 20 years, starting as Senior Vice President of Human Resources and COO since December 2011. Morrow joined Stein Mart as Chief Merchandising Officer in February 2010 after holding similar positions with Macy's North/Marshall, Mervyn's and Macy's West. On March 15, 2016, Stein Mart named Dawn Robertson as CEO. Robertson resigned as CEO in September 2016 at which time D. Hunt Hawkins was named Interim CEO; the company announced the appointment of MaryAnne Morin as President and "interim" was removed from the CEO title of D. Hunt Hawkins on January 26, 2017. In response to the downward trend of their stock price, the company announced plans to improve their financials by cutting 10% of their corporate staff, trimming inventory by 15%, slashing $22 million from the prior year's capital expenses, suspending the 4th quarter stock dividend.
On January 31, 2018, Stein Mart announced that it would explore strategic alternatives for the company. When Stein Mart's Director of Stores Gary Pierce requested early retirement on May 1, 2018, he agreed to remain with the company until the end of February 2019; the Form 8-K filed by Stein Mart stated that Executive Vice President Pierce would stay, “in order to provide for an orderly transition of his duties”. Stein Mart sells clothes for women and men as well as home décor and shoes. Stein Mart expanded their home department in Fall of 2010, now carries houseware and décor for the house; the Boutique portion of the store offers women special occasion clothing. The "Attitudes" section of the store carries clothing for women. For decades Stein Mart has leased its shoe department working with DSW, Inc. In addition, Stein Mart started working with Perfumania in 2010 to stock an assortment of fragrances. In October 2010, due to popular demand by Stein Mart shoppers, the retailer began offering limited online shopping with Ship from Store for shorter delivery times.
In 2003, Stein Mart introduced the "Real Shopper" campaign with support from Orlando-based advertising agency, Fry Hammond Barr. This multimedia advertising campaign features real Stein Mart shoppers chosen via casting calls held throughout the country; as part of the casting call, Stein Mart looks for loyal female customers to share their stories about why they enjoy being a Stein Mart shopper. Each season six to eight female shoppers are chosen to appear in the campaign and are featured in Stein Mart's Sisterhood book online. On April 7, 2005, The Women of Studio Arena Theatre sponsored a luncheon and fashion show in Transit Valley Country Club, fashions was shown by Stein Mart. Stein Mart Official website "Stein Mart." - Encyclopedia of Mississippi - University of Mississippi
Kennesaw is a city in Cobb County, United States, located in the greater Atlanta metropolitan area. It had a population of 29,783 according to the 2010 census. Founded in 1887, Kennesaw has a past surrounded with railroad history. During the Civil War, Kennesaw was the staging ground for the Great Locomotive Chase on April 12, 1862; the city is best known nationally for its mandatory gun-possession ordinance. As the Western and Atlantic Railroad were being built in the late 1830s, shanties arose to house the workers; these were near a big spring. A grade up from the Etowah River became known as "the big grade to the shanties" "Big Shanty Grade", "Big Shanty"; the name "Kennesaw" is derived from the Cherokee word gah-nee-sah, meaning cemetery or burial ground. Camp MacDonald, a training camp, was located there from 1861 to 1863. During the Civil War, Big Shanty was the site of major fighting in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, part of the larger Atlanta Campaign. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, located southeast of the city limits, now contains many of these historic areas, though much of the surrounding land has been developed, some buried artifacts have been taken by people with metal detectors.
L. C. Chalker purchased a 1.25-acre tract of land adjacent to the Kennesaw Cemetery from J. W. Ellis in 1934, sold for burial purposes. Chalker purchased another 1 acre adjacent to the first parcel in 1948, to be used for a cemetery; the Chalker family managed these portions of the cemetery until they were sold to the City of Kennesaw in the mid 1950s. The earliest known burial is the infant Lucius B. Summers, interred in 1863. Other grave markers date as far back as the 1860s to the 1890s. Civil War veterans are buried here; the cemetery is still in use. The Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History is located downtown, next to the Western and Atlantic Railroad tracks on Cherokee Street, just off Main Street; the museum is the current preservation and display location for The General, the locomotive that played the key role in the Great Locomotive Chase. In March 2004, First Lady Laura Bush designated Kennesaw a Preserve America Community. Kennesaw is located in northwestern Cobb County, bordered by the city of Acworth to the northwest.
Kennesaw Mountain is located southeast of the city limits in the battlefield park. Its summit is the highest point in the Atlanta metro area, at an elevation of 1,808 feet above sea level; the city was renamed for the mountain. U. S. Route 41 and State Route 3 pass through the city as Cobb Parkway, leading southeast 7 miles to Marietta and northwest 17 miles to Cartersville. Interstate 75 passes just northeast of the city limits, with access from exits 269, 271, 273. Via I-75, downtown Atlanta is 27 miles to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, Kennesaw has a total area of 9.5 square miles, of which 9.4 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 1.08%, is water. Kennesaw has a humid subtropical climate; as of the census of 2010, there were 29,783 people, 11,413 households, 7,375 families residing in the city. There were 12,328 housing units at an average density of 1,027.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 58.9% White, 22.3% Black, 10.8% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 5.3% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.7% of other races, 3.0% non-Hispanic mixed of two or more races.
There were 11,413 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.18. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $61,355 and the median income for a family was $75,465. Males had a median income of $46,953, versus $42,809 for females; the per capita income for the city was $27,165. About 8.2% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.
Several festivals are held annually. Every April the annual Big Shanty Festival displays over 200 arts and crafts booths along with 20 food booths downtown. Over 60,000 people from around North Georgia attend the festival. A parade starts the festival; the city hall is located downtown, just off Main Street. It contains the offices of mayor and city council, the city jail in the basement, a small 9-1-1 call center and other offices, it is the public-safety answering point for the city of Kennesaw and the neighboring city of Acworth, dispatches the separate police departments of both cities. Calls for fire services are relayed to and dispatched from Cobb County's 911 center, serviced by the Cobb County Fire Department, as neither city has its own fire department. In 2008, the city of Kennesaw awarded a bid to Digitel Wireless for the implementation of city wireless Internet. In March 2008, the city of Kennesaw announced the grand opening of four new wireless areas: Swift-Cantrell Park and Adams Park, the train depot area across fr