San Diego Country Estates, California
San Diego Country Estates referred to as the Estates, is an affluent valley resort populace composed of several neighborhoods associated with the unincorporated community of Ramona, California. The Estates are a census-designated place in North County, a region of the San Diego metropolitan area; the Estates is just east of southeast of Ramona. San Diego Country Estates had a population of 10,109 at the 2010 census, up from 9,262 at the 2000 census. Before the development of the Estates, the area was inhabited by the northern Ipai, a semi-nomadic people and a group of the Kumeyaay; these people are known by many names, some of which include Tipai-Ipai, or Kamia. The San Vicente Valley was home to the temporary settlements of these people who traveled the region between Escondido and Lake Henshaw. Grinding stones found in large boulders throughout the valley alongside creeks and used to create acorn meal for bread, are testament to their historic presence in the area. In the 1700s the valley in which San Diego Country Estates is located received its name when Father Mariner of Mission San Diego de Alcalá discovered the location, proclaiming it a constant and beautiful valley, named it in honor of Saint Vincent.
As the area became colonized by the Spanish and fell under Mexican jurisdiction, the land of the San Vicente Valley became a part of the Mexican land-grant known as Rancho Cañada de San Vicente y Mesa del Padre Barona in 1846. Under the grant prominent persons such as William Augustus Barnett and families, the Dukes, settled the region. In 1970 Raymond A. Watt, a national award-winning builder, purchased 3,250 acres in the San Vicente Valley with the intent of building a new community that became San Diego Country Estates. San Diego Country Estates, on May 13, 1973, hosted former 55-year-old tennis player Bobby Riggs and 30-year-old women's world number one player, Margaret Court. Court was challenged to a tennis match by Riggs and the game was held at the San Vicente Country Club and Golf Course Resort. Riggs won the match 6-2, 6-1; the area is well known for its history with Southern California wildfires. Several fires including the Witch Fire and Cedar Fire have begun near the Estates. On October 23, 2003, the Cedar Fire began 3 miles east of the Estates in Cleveland National Forest.
Beginning near the Estates, the Witch Fire began October 21, 2007 and was part of a series of fires that ravaged Southern California. The Witch Creek fire caused the evacuation of the thousands of residents of the Estates area and evacuating cars were bottlenecked on the San Vicente Highway, a main artery leading to San Diego Country Estates from Ramona, it was feared that the fire would sweep west from the ridge separating the Estates and Ramona, catching vehicles evacuating west through North County, the wind changed the course of the fire. The Witch Creek fire was feared to be larger than the Cedar Fire but instead resulted in becoming the second largest fire in California history; the Witch Creek burned 197,990 acres and forced the evacuation of an estimated 1,000,000 people in the San Diego metropolitan area, the largest evacuation in California history. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Estates has a total area of 16.9 square miles, all land. San Diego Country Estates is in the San Vicente Valley 33°0′9″N 116°47′56″W.
Bordered on all sides by rolling hills with the exception of the prominent Mount Gower, in Cleveland National Forest. There are only three main entrances and exits into the estates via the San Vicente Highway, Old Julian Highway, Wildcat Canyon Highway leading to Barona, South Bay. To the west of San Diego Country Estates are Poway and Ramona, to the south is Lakeside, to the east is Cleveland National Forest and to the north is the Palomar Mountain Range; the 2010 United States Census reported that San Diego Country Estates had a population of 10,109. The population density was 599.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of San Diego Country Estates was 9,107 White, 91 African American, 90 Native American, 147 Asian, 34 Pacific Islander, 276 from other races, 364 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,126 persons; the Census reported that 10,096 people lived in households, 13 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 3,441 households, out of which 1,380 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,479 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 253 had a female householder with no husband present, 142 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 145 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 29 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 421 households were made up of individuals and 154 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93. There were 2,874 families; the population was spread out with 2,559 people under the age of 18, 832 people aged 18 to 24, 2,208 people aged 25 to 44, 3,376 people aged 45 to 64, 1,134 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males. There were 3,686 housing units at an average density of 218.8 per square mile, of which 3,056 were owner-occupied, 385 were occupied by rent
Borrego Springs, California
Borrego Springs is a census-designated place in San Diego County, California. The population was 3,429 at the 2010 census, up from 2,535 at the 2000 census, made up of both seasonal and year-round residents. Borrego Springs is surrounded by Anza-Borrego State Park, the largest California State Park; the village of Borrego Springs is recognized as a designated "international dark sky" settlement, there are no stop lights in Borrego Springs and night time lighting is kept to a minimum to protect the views of the night sky. Borrego Springs is 90 miles from downtown San Diego and the lights of the developed California coast. Borrego Springs was designated as California's first International Dark-Sky Community by the International Dark-Sky Association, it is a center for public astronomy activities throughout the year. Borrego Springs has modern architecture and ranch-style house architecture. A local landmark is the traffic roundabout between the airport and downtown, known as Christmas Circle; the town includes a branch of the San Diego County Library.
The name of Anza-Borrego State Park is derived from a combination of Juan Bautista de Anza and "borrego", Spanish for lamb, in honor of the local herds of bighorn sheep. Tourism is the primary industry in Borrego Springs; the 600,000-acre Anza-Borrego Desert State Park surrounds the town, making it the largest desert state park in the nation. There are four public golf courses, a tennis center, horseback riding, it is a destination for snow birders who seasonally migrate each year from colder northern climates in winter to warmer terrain. According to the United States Geological Survey Borrego Springs is located at 33°15′24″N 116°22′30″W; this points at "Christmas Circle Drive", at the intersection of Palm Canyon Drive and Borrego Springs Road, where most maps place the community. According to the United States Census Bureau Borrego Springs is located at 33°14′50″N 116°22′19″W. Located between "Frying Pan Road" and "Double O Road", this is 3,530 feet south-southeast of the USGS location. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Borrego Springs census-designated place has a total area of 43.4 square miles, 99.22% of it land and 0.78% water.
The village is located on the floor of the Borrego Valley, acknowledged as the westernmost extent of the great southwestern geographical region known as the Sonoran Desert. Borrego Springs is situated on the valley floor within a diverse variety of desert fauna. One of the iconic species found within the Borrego Springs area is the California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera, a lower risk/near-threatened species and the only palm native to the western United States. An abandoned Calcite Mine, which dates to World War II days, is situated on the northeast slope of the Santa Rosa Mountains in the State Park. Average January temperatures are a maximum of 69.0 °F and a minimum of 43.4 °F. Average July temperatures are a maximum of 106.8 °F and a minimum of 74.9 °F. There are an average of 172.6 days with highs of 90 °F or higher and an average of only 2.6 days with lows of 32 °F or lower. The record high temperature was 122 °F on June 25, 1990; the record low temperature was 20 °F on January 5, 1971.
Average annual precipitation is 6.13 inches and there are an average of 24 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 18.73 inches and the driest year was 1953 with 1.35 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 8.78 inches in January 1993. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.46 inches on March 2, 1983. Although snow falls in the lowlands, 6.5 inches fell in December 1967. The 2010 United States Census reported that Borrego Springs had a population of 3,429; the population density was 79.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Borrego Springs was 2,766 White, 20 African American, 34 Native American, 22 Asian, 5 Pacific Islander, 500 from other races, 82 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,218 persons; the Census reported that 3,429 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 1,571 households, out of which 283 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 828 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 82 had a female householder with no husband present, 57 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 85 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 13 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 507 households were made up of individuals and 262 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18. There were 967 families; the population was spread out with 592 people under the age of 18, 165 people aged 18 to 24, 477 people aged 25 to 44, 1,044 people aged 45 to 64, 1,151 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males. There were 2,611 housing units at an average density of 60.1 per square mile, of which 1,235 were owner-occupied, 336 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 8.0%. 2,593 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 836 people lived in rental housing units. As of t
San Diego County, California
San Diego County the County of San Diego, is a county in the southwestern corner of the state of California, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,095,313. Making it California's second-most populous county and the fifth-most populous in the United States, its county seat is the eighth-most populous city in the United States. It is the southwesternmost county in the 48 contiguous United States. San Diego County comprises the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 17th most populous metropolitan statistical area and the 18th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. San Diego is part of the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area shared between the United States and Mexico. Greater San Diego ranks as the 38th largest metropolitan area in the Americas. San Diego County has more than 70 miles of coastline; this forms the most densely populated region of the county, which has a mild Mediterranean to semiarid climate and extensive chaparral vegetation, similar to the rest of the western portion of southern California.
Precipitation and temperature extremes increase to the east, with mountains that receive frost and snow in the winter. These lushly forested mountains receive more rainfall than average in southern California, while the desert region of the county lies in a rain shadow to the east, which extends into the Desert Southwest region of North America. There are 16 naval and military installations of the U. S. Navy, U. S. Marine Corps, the U. S. Coast Guard in San Diego County; these include the Naval Base San Diego, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, Naval Air Station North Island. From north to south, San Diego County extends from the southern borders of Orange and Riverside Counties to the Mexico-U. S. Border and Baja California. From west to east, San Diego County stretches from the Pacific Ocean to its boundary with Imperial County; the area, now San Diego County has been inhabited for more than 12,000 years by Kumeyaay, Luiseño, Cupeño and Cahuilla Indians and their local predecessors.
In 1542, the explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, who may have been born in Portugal but sailed on behalf of Spain, claimed San Diego Bay for the Spanish Empire, he named the site San Miguel. In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more known as San Diego. European settlement in what is now San Diego County began with the founding of the San Diego Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá by Spanish soldiers and clerics in 1769; this county was part of Alta California under the Viceroyalty of New Spain until the Mexican declaration of independence. From 1821 through 1848 this area was part of Mexico. San Diego County became part of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, ending the Mexican–American War; this treaty designated the new border as terminating at a point on the Pacific Ocean coast which would result in the border passing one Spanish league south of the southernmost portion of San Diego Bay, thus ensuring that the United States received all of this natural harbor.
San Diego County was one of the original counties of California, created at the time of California statehood in 1850. At the time of its establishment in 1850, San Diego County was large, included all of southernmost California south and east of Los Angeles County, it included areas of what are now Inyo and San Bernardino Counties, as well as all of what are now Riverside and Imperial Counties. During the part of the 19th century, there were numerous changes in the boundaries of San Diego County, when various areas were separated to make up the counties mentioned above; the most recent changes were the establishments of Riverside County in 1893 and Imperial County in 1907. Imperial County was the last county to be established in California, after this division, San Diego no longer extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Colorado River, it no longer covered the entire border between California and Mexico. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,526 square miles, of which 4,207 square miles is land and 319 square miles is water.
The county is larger in area than the combined states of Rhode Delaware. San Diego County has a varied topography. On its western side is more than 70 miles of coastline. Most of San Diego between the coast and the Laguna Mountains consists of hills and small canyons. Snow-capped mountains rise with the Sonoran Desert farther to the east. Cleveland National Forest is spread across the central portion of the county, while the Anza-Borrego Desert State Park occupies most of the northeast. Although the county's western third is urban, the mountains and deserts in the eastern two-thirds are undeveloped backcountry. Most of these backcountry areas are home to a native plant community known as chaparral. San Diego County contains more than a million acres of chaparral, twice as much as any other California county. North San Diego County is known as North County; the eastern suburbs are collectively known as East County, though most still lie in the western third of the county. The southern suburbs and southern detached portion of the city of San Diego, extending to the Mexican border, are collectively referred to as South Bay.
Periodically the area has been subject to wildfires th
Interstate 8 is an Interstate Highway in the southwestern United States. It runs from the southern edge of Mission Bay at Sunset Cliffs Boulevard in San Diego, California at the Pacific Ocean, to the junction with I-10, just southeast of Casa Grande, Arizona. In California, the freeway travels through the San Diego metropolitan area as the Ocean Beach Freeway and the Mission Valley Freeway before traversing the Cuyamaca Mountains and providing access through the Imperial Valley, including the city of El Centro. Crossing the Colorado River into Arizona, I-8 continues through the city of Yuma across the Sonoran Desert to Casa Grande, in between the cities of Phoenix and Tucson; the first route over the Cuyamaca Mountains was dedicated in 1912, a plank road served as the first road across the Imperial Valley to Yuma. These were replaced by U. S. Route 80 across California and part of Arizona, Arizona State Route 84 between Gila Bend and Casa Grande; the US 80 freeway through San Diego was complete by the time it was renumbered as I-8 in the 1964 state highway renumbering.
The Arizona portion of the road was built starting in the 1960s. Several controversies erupted during the construction process. S. House of Representatives subcommittee found that the Arizona government had mismanaged financial resources; the route was completed in 1975 through California, by 1977 through Arizona, though the bridge over the Colorado River was not completed until 1978. Since the freeway through San Diego has been widened due to increasing congestion, another portion in Imperial County had to be rebuilt following damage by the remnants of Hurricane Kathleen. I-8 is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration; the freeway from the eastern junction with California State Route 98 to the eastern end is designated as part of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail auto tour route, promoted by the National Park Service. The freeway begins at the intersection of Sunset Cliffs Nimitz Boulevard in San Diego.
For its first few miles, it parallels the San Diego River floodway. Near Old Town San Diego, I-8 intersects with I-5 as well as with Rosecrans Avenue, the former routing of SR 209; as the freeway enters Mission Valley, it continues eastward, bisecting the area known as "Hotel Circle" that has several hotels. I-8 has interchanges with SR 163, I-805, I-15 and its continuation, SR 15, before making a small bend to the north. In La Mesa, the route intersects SR 125. I-8 continues into El Cajon, where it intersects with SR 67 before it ascends into the mountains and the Cleveland National Forest, traveling through towns such as Alpine and Pine Valley, reaching high points at Laguna Summit, Crestwood Summit, Tecate Divide, crossing the Pine Valley Creek Bridge and passing near the Viejas Casino. A U. S. border patrol interior checkpoint was constructed in 1995 near Alpine, for westbound traffic on I-8. The freeway intersects with SR 79 in the national forest before passing through the La Posta and Campo Indian reservations.
In Boulevard, I-8 has an interchange with the eastern end of SR 94. I-8 straddles the San Diego–Imperial county line for a few miles before turning east. At the Mountain Springs/In Ko Pah grade, the freeway is routed down two separate canyons—Devils Canyon for westbound traffic and In-Ko-Pah Gorge for eastbound traffic—as it descends 3,000 feet in 11 miles. In places, the median is over 1.5 miles wide. This portion of the road is known for high winds through the canyons that have made driving difficult, sometimes resulting in closure of the freeway; the route enters the Imperial Valley, where it intersects with SR 98, a highway leading to Calexico, passes near the Desert View Tower. I-8 goes through Coyote Wells before entering the city of El Centro several miles later. In El Centro, I-8 intersects with SR 86 and SR 111, both north–south routes which connect to I-10 in the Coachella Valley, north of the Salton Sea. SR 115 and SR 98 end at I-8 east of El Centro; the route has the lowest above-ground elevation of any Interstate at 52 feet below sea level near El Centro.
The freeway traverses the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area and intersects with SR 186 leading south to Baja California Norte, Mexico. I-8 runs parallel to the All-American Canal across the desert for 55 miles. At points in eastern Imperial County, the Mexican border is less than half a mile south of the Interstate. I-8 passes through Felicity and Winterhaven before crossing the Colorado River on a bridge into Yuma, Arizona. I-8 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System and is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System from I-5 to the western junction of SR 98, though it is not an official state scenic highway, it is known as the Border Friendship Route from San Diego to the Arizona state line. The Interstate is signed as the Ocean Beach Freeway west of I-5. For the entire length within San Diego County and into Imperial County, it is signed as the Kumeyaay Highway, after the local Native American tribe and their trad
Cuyamaca College is a community college in the San Diego County community of Rancho San Diego, near El Cajon, California. Along with Grossmont College it serves the eastern suburbs in the San Diego area. Cuyamaca College opened in 1978 and now offers 81 associate's degree programs and 66 training certification programs to 8,500 students. Many of the college's students transfer to the University of California, San Diego or San Diego State University to complete their bachelor's degrees. Cuyamaca's mascot is the coyote. Cuyamaca College is located in the San Diego County community of Rancho San Diego on 165 beautiful acres that at one time was a part of the Old Monte Vista Ranch. Along with its sister campus, Grossmont College, it is part of the award-winning Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District; the college’s name, linked to the area’s Native-American roots, comes from the Kumeyaay phrase “Ekwiiyemak,”, translated to mean “behind the clouds,” “above the rains,” and “the place where the rain comes from the heavens.”
The campus site was acquired by the district’s Board of Trustees in September 1972 and the college opened six years later. Today, Cuyamaca College offers more than 140 degrees and certificates, serves nearly 10,000 students, is a significant contributor to the regional workforce and economy; the name for the college was selected by the Board of Trustees, as a reflection of the history and heritage of this area of San Diego County. One historian notes that "The old Indian name'Cuyamaca' has persisted through Spanish and American times", has, at various times, been "applied to mountains, lakes and ranches." Writers have interpreted the Indian meaning of the name in various ways, including "above rain" and "place where the rain comes from heavens". The building site was acquired by the Board of Trustees in September 1972, the college opened in the Fall of 1978; the second phase of buildings was completed in January 1980. In 1989, the Learning Resource Center opened; the campus consists of twelve classroom buildings and is the site of the Heritage of the Americas Museum and the Water Conservation Garden.
In the Spring of 1995, Rancho San Diego Parkway, the Fury Lane entrance road, was completed, providing students easier access to the College. In the Fall of 1995, the college dedicated a new 20.3-acre physical education facility with a fitness center, gym and volleyball courts and ball fields and an Olympic-size track. A new Student Services Center opened in the Spring 2001 to provide one-stop student services at the Rancho San Diego Parkway entrance; the Child Development Center and Math Learning Center opened in Fall 2001. On April 19, 2007, the new Science and Technology Center had its grand opening. Construction implementation is occurring on an incremental basis in response to the growing community surrounding the college and to meet the educational needs in the Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District; the college, when completed, will accommodate an enrollment of 15,000 students. As Of January 1, 2009, Cuyamaca College is a smoke-free and tobacco-free campus in accordance with GCCCD Governing Board Policy BP 3560.
The Cuyamaca college 165-acre campus includes the following buildings and features: This complex of buildings houses the admissions and records, student services, financial aid, career center, disability services, CalWORKs, EOPS, the Continuing Education offices. Public Safety is located in this complex; this building houses the reading and writing departments, as well as English as a second language, American Sign Language, Forensics and Performing Arts. It is the only three-story building on campus. Most concerts take place in the Performing Arts Theatre; this building is the Learning Resources Center. It houses the Library as well as the Adaptive Technologies Center for disabled students and the Tutoring Center; the C Building was built in 1989. In December 2010, Prop R funded construction was completed on the LRC Building which expanded the floor space by enclosing existing outdoor patios. On May 6, 2017, the Cuyamaca College C-building was flooded and damaged; the entire C-building's staff and all of the C-building's operations were temporarily moved to other locations on the Cuyamaca College campus.
In order to complete the necessary repairs, the C-building is closed to most staff and students until at least the 2018 Summer Session. The D Building is one of the oldest buildings on the Cuymaca College campus, it was built along with. This building houses the exercise science department, weight room, Fitness Center, locker rooms, athletic training room and athletic team rooms; this building was completed in the second week of October 2009, houses the Business And Technology Departments. It is a two-story 2 wing "figure eight" shaped building; the Business Office Technologies, Business Administration, Graphic Design departments are located on the "front" or "east" wing, while the "back" or "west" wing houses the CIS department on the top floor and the faculty offices on the bottom floor. The first floor of the east wing contains the Open Computer Lab which provides computers, classroom related software, study rooms, technical assistance for students; the F Building is one of the oldest buildings on the campus, built along with the D Buildings to form the original Cuymaca College.
At that time the administrative offices, such as finical aid, admissions and records, were in the
Poway is a city in San Diego County, United States. An unincorporated community in the county, Poway became a city on December 12, 1980. Poway's rural roots gave rise to its slogan "The City in the Country"; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 47,811. The ZIP Code is 92064. Poway is located at 32°58′12″N 117°2′19″W, which lies north of the city of San Diego and south of the city of Escondido; some nearby communities are Rancho Bernardo, Sabre Springs, Scripps Ranch, Rancho Peñasquitos, Ramona to the East. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.3 square miles, of which 0.1 square miles is water. Artifacts such as arrowheads, spear points, grinding stones, pottery found along the bed of Poway Creek all indicate an early Diegueño presence. Various pictographs adorn many of Poway's boulders, modern dating techniques suggest these paintings date to the 16th century and earlier; the original name of the valley is derived from the Kumeyaay language of the Kumeyaay people who roamed the area for several hundred years before the Spaniards colonised the region.
Traces of these Native Americans still remain in Diegueño. Poway's contemporary history began in the late 18th century, when missionaries from the Mission San Diego de Alcalá kept cattle in the valley. Documents of Mission San Diego de Alcala record the name of the valley as "Paguay" as early as 1828. Though there is a discrepancy on the exact translation of "Paguay," the accepted version indicates "the meeting of little valleys" or "end of the valley." Some controversy surrounds the proper spelling. It has been written as Paui, Pauai and Powaii. For a century, Poway served as a stock range for the mission and local ranchos. In September 1839, Corporal Rosario Aguilar was granted Rancho Paguai a ranch in the valley and it was confirmed on May 22, 1840, but he refused it, becoming Juez de paz in 1841 and moving instead to San Juan Capistrano. American settlers began to come to the valley for farming purposes in the late antebellum period. Few records of this time have survived, not until 1894 and the inception of the Poway Progress did the town's history become a thing of record.
In 1887, about 800 people farmed in Poway. Around the start of the 20th century, Poway farmers had moderate success in the production and vending of fruit and dairy products; the expansion, failed to follow agricultural success. Though the farmers prospered, the town existed in a static state for decades, varying only in population, crop selection, the like. Poway has a creek and fertile soil, but the lack of available water prevented the settlement from attracting large-scale farmers and the accompanying population growth. Not until 1954 did the town establish the Poway Municipal Water District, which utilizes water from the Colorado River Aqueduct to irrigate all of Poway's 10,000 acres; when water came to the town, people did as well. In 1957, following the sewer system's completion, developers built housing tracts, modern Poway grew from there. In 1980 Poway incorporated and became the City of Poway rather than a neighborhood of San Diego itself. Poway no longer relies on agriculture for its primary source of income and has instead transitioned into a residential community for those who work for employers in and around the San Diego area.
According to a recent state government estimate, the population of Poway has grown since that last census to 50,542. It justifies its nickname of the "City in the Country" despite its burgeoning population because it has been designated a "Tree City" for the last decade. Major portions of the town were evacuated during both 2007 Witch Creek Fire. In 2004, the City of Poway adopted the 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division, based out of nearby Camp Pendleton; the Fred L. Kent Post 7907 of the Veterans of Foreign Wars has been the official go-between with the battalion, redeployed at least once to Iraq since its adoption; the pop-punk band Blink-182, Unwritten Law, The Frights originated in Poway, California. Though many residents today mistake Poway for an old Western-style cowboy town, its original roots lie in agriculture; the Homestead Act of 1862 encouraged Westward migration, accordingly many of Poway's first white settlers came to farm. The fecund soil proved well-suited to a variety of crops, including peaches, Muscat grapes, pears and alfalfa.
Some farmers captured swarms of cultivated honey. Dairying proved lucrative. Most families kept a cow for milk and butter, chickens for eggs and meat, a hog to sustain them while they farmed. Crops sold well around the San Diego area. Between the seasons of 1894 and 1896, the Poway Progress reported bits of agricultural information such as: Muscat grapes are beginning to ripen, the San Diego market is getting a supply of the fine article Poway always produces.... The season has been a prolific one for bees, thirty of forty stands the present season from a single captured swarm a year or two ago.... The peach is a good article, Poway produces it to perfection. Poway pears will compare with any grown in the state; the success of these crops depended on the annual winter rainfall, so remained subject to variations in precipitation until the establishment of the Poway Municipal Water District in 1954. With water available, the town's farming interest shifted to two principal crops and citrus fruits.
Grossmont College is a community college in El Cajon, California. The campus sits in the Fletcher Hills community of El Cajon and is bordered by the cities of San Diego and Santee. Grossmont College along with Cuyamaca College make up what is the Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District. Grossmont is one of the 114 community colleges in the California Community College System. Grossmont College is home to Grossmont Middle College High School, where selected high school students can receive both high school and college credit for taking courses on campus; the newspaper for Grossmont College is The Summit. Its radio station is Griffin Radio; the facilities of Grossmont College are situated across 135 acres. At its inception, the campus was planned to accommodate an enrollment of 2,500 daytime students; the first incarnation of the completed campus was expected to hold 4,800 students. On October 18, 1965, a bond for $3.5 million was approved by area voters. This made it possible to complete the college's initial master plan.
By September 25, 1967, the new facilities were completed. Since that time, student enrollment increased and created the need for new and remodeled campus facilities. In recent years, the college has undergone major improvements of its facilities including: Grossmont College offers more than 150 degree and certificate programs; each year, about 1,500 students earn Associate in Arts degrees, Associate in Science degrees, and/or advanced/basic certificates. In addition, the students are offered general transfer programs. Grossmont College offers several men's and women's intercollegiate sports: Lester Bangs - Music journalist Doug Benson - Comedian Quintin Berry - MLB Player, Boston Red Sox Rachel Bilson - American actress Chad DeGrenier - American football player and coach Stephanie Nicole Garcia-Colace - Professional wrestler, known as Nikki Bella Arthur Hobbs - Defensive back for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Barry Jantz - Former La Mesa City Councilman/CEO of Grossmont Healthcare District David Leisure - Actor Kevin McCadam - NFL defensive back, Atlanta Falcons Dan Melville - American football player Dat Phan - Vietnamese American stand-up comedian Joe Roth - College football quarterback Sean O'Sullivan - MLB Player, Boston Red Sox Cathy Scott - True crime author and journalist Bernard Seigal - Musician, Beat Farmers' original member, music journalist, editor college newspaper The Summit Scott Sherman - San Diego City Council member Brian Sipe - NFL quarterback, Cleveland Browns Akili Smith - NFL quarterback, Cincinnati Bengals Todd Watkins - NFL wide receiver Matt Jarbo - YouTube personality and boulder collector Official website