Micklefield railway station
Micklefield railway station serves the village of Micklefield, near Garforth in West Yorkshire, England. It lies on the York Lines, operated by Northern, 9.75 miles east of Leeds. Just east of the station, the York and Selby Lines split in their respective directions; the station was opened by the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, though buildings weren't erected until the following year. The line towards Church Fenton was added by the North Eastern Railway in 1869 and four years the first of two rounds of improvements to the station were initiated, with the rebuilding of the 1835 station house. After this was completed, there were complaints leveled at the NER by local travellers over the facilities on offer and so in 1879, the contract for a new station was placed; this included new platforms, footbridge and a booking office on the westbound platform, along with access from the original A1 Great North Road. The buildings and bridge were demolished in the 1970s and there are now only basic waiting shelters on each platform.
The station is unstaffed and travellers must purchase their tickets on the train. Train running information is provided via CIS displays, automated announcements and timetable poster boards. Step-free access is available to both platforms. Monday to Saturday daytime there is a half-hourly service calling at all stations to Leeds. Evenings and Sundays, the service is hourly. Regular weekday running to destinations west of Leeds ended at the December 2018 timetable change, save for a small number of morning peak trains. Eastbound there is an hourly service to York and Selby next stop South Milford during Monday to Saturday daytimes. Evenings and Sundays, there is an hourly service to York only. Train times and station information for Micklefield railway station from National Rail
Garforth railway station
Garforth railway station serves the town of Garforth, near Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It is one of the two stations in Garforth the other being East Garforth, situated about 0.5 miles east from the main station. It lies on the Selby Line. Garforth is 7.1 miles east of Leeds. The station is served by TransPennine Express services; the station was opened by the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834. The road bridge crosses the line at an oblique angle; the station linked the town with the former Leeds Marsh Lane railway station. The current buildings were designed by NER architect Thomas Prosser. Garforth station connected with the owned Aberford Railway which closed in 1924, is now a public path used for horses, dog walkers and travelling to and from Garforth Academy part way upon it. East of the station was the junction to the branch line to Castleford via Ledston which closed to passengers in 1951 and in 1969. Garforth has another railway station, East Garforth, situated 0.56 miles east of the main station, opened in 1987.
Though East Garforth is accessible to wheelchair users, the main Garforth station is not. In 2015 additional shelters were placed on either platform doubling the sheltered capacity; the station buildings are concentrated on the Leeds bound platform, disabled accessible. There is a ticket office and waiting room in the buildings; the Leeds bound platform has an automatic ticket machine that can be used out of hours and a vending machine. As well as the heated waiting room on the Leeds bound platform, there are two shelters available for use out of office hours; the York bound platform has two passenger shelters. The two platforms are connected by a footbridge with stepped access, this links to Aberford Road; the station has a large car park, free for passenger use. There is lighting throughout the station and car park. Refreshments can purchased from the Station House Café, which opened in August 2016, is situated on the Leeds bound platform. Northern operates a half-hourly service to Leeds, as well as hourly services to York and Selby to the east.
This drops on Sundays. TransPennine Express trains stop at Garforth hourly towards Leeds and Manchester Piccadilly westbound and Hull via Selby eastbound. No TPE trains call here on Sundays. National Express East Coast proposed to operate trains directly between Garforth and London from December 2009; this proposal was supported by the Office of the Rail Regulator in January 2009, however the Department of Transport had rejected the plans because the proposal would require changes to franchised services and there was not enough capacity for these services, however Virgin Trains East Coast plans to increase capacity and introduce a number of direct services between Garforth and London from 2019. The station has a taxi-office with taxirank outside the main buildings. Buses serve the station on Aberford Road, to which there is a direct link from the stations' footbridge; the LNER Encyclopedia: The Aberford Railway The LNER Encyclopedia: The Leeds and Selby RailwayTrain times and station information for Garforth railway station from National Rail
Selby railway station
Selby railway station is a Grade II listed station which serves the town of Selby in North Yorkshire, England. The original terminus station was opened in 1834 for the Leeds and Selby Railway; the Hull and Selby Railway extended the line in 1840, a new station was built, with the old station becoming a goods shed. The station was rebuilt in 1873 and 1891, the 1891 rebuilding being required due to the replacement of the swing bridge over the Ouse at the same time; the area around the station has been the location for the junctions of a number of lines, including the former East Coast Main Line route between Doncaster and York, as well as the Selby to Driffield Line, the Selby to Goole Line. After 1983 with the opening of the Selby Diversion Selby is no longer on the East Coast Main Line; as of 2014 lines lead from Selby to Leeds and Doncaster. The station is managed by TransPennine Express, receives regional trains operated by Northern and TransPennine Express, as well as Hull-London services operated by Hull Trains and London North Eastern Railway.
In 1834 the Leeds and Selby Railway opened, running east west from a terminus station in Marsh Lane, Leeds to a terminus at Selby. The line opened 22 September 1834, with only one track complete. A train from Leeds arrived in Selby around 9 am, to a general celebration; when general service started the journey took about 65 minutes. The main stations were not completed until a few months. Both tracks of the line were completed by 15 December 1834; the basic design of the station was of a large warehouse shed, 245 feet long and 96 feet wide on a site of around 3 acres, with a wooden trussed roof of three spans supported via iron brackets on 19.5 feet cast iron columns, which were hollow and acted as drainpipes, to collect rain water stored in underground tanks. Station offices and other buildings were built adjoining the station; the train shed had four for freight and two for passengers. Lines for coal and lime were separate, outside the shed to the east, the offices at the northwest corner; the line of rails continued through the station to a wharf on the River Ouse.
Journeys to Hull were completed by Packet boat from Selby. After construction of the new station in 1840, with the connection on the Hull and Selby Railway old station became a goods station; the rail links to the old station were removed in the 1980s. As of 2009 the station is used as warehousing by Viking Shipping Services Ltd. In 1840, the Hull and Selby Railway was opened. To cross the River Ouse, a bascule lifting bridge was installed, northwest of the old station. At that time ships had priority over railway traffic; the Hull and Selby, Leeds and Selby railways connected'end on' at Selby, west of the old station. A new through station was built, the old station became a goods station. In 1871 the NER opened two new sections of track, from Shaftholme junction to Selby Old West junction, from Barlby junction to Chaloner's Whin junction. A new station was constructed from between 1870 and 1873, built by Thomas Nelson to a design from Thomas Prosser's office in the NER. In 1891 a new swing bridge was built downstream of the original over the Ouse.
The priority of river traffic over rail traffic was reversed on completion of the new bridge. As a consequence of the shift in the path of the railway the old station was rebuilt; the down platforms were retained and modified, whilst the up platforms were moved eastwards, re-using and extending Prosser's platform roof. The architect for the remodelling and extension was the NER's William Bell. In addition to the main lines west to Leeds, east to Hull, north and south to York and Doncaster, the rail system at Selby was the location for a number of junctions to other lines, other facilities. A branch from the Hull line opened in 1848; the line ran around a mile east of Selby. The Cawood and Selby Light Railway was opened in 1898 linking the Leeds & Selby Railway to the village of Cawood; until 1904 the line had Brayton Gates, 1 mile west of Selby. The line was predominantly used for agricultural traffic but carried passengers until 1930, its final closure taking place in 1960; the Selby to Goole Line opened in 1910, ran via the villages of Barlow and Rawcliffe to Goole.
The line closed in 1964 as a result of the Beeching report. A short section of the line was used to access a ballast tip near Barlow until 1983. In the mid 20th century the'Loop Line' was converted into a triangle junction by the addition of a short chord between the Selby-Doncaster and Selby-Leeds lines. In 1983 the Selby Diversion of the East Coast Main Line was opened, avoiding the area around Selby due to possible subsidence from the drift mining works of the Selby Coalfield; as a result, Selby ceased to be a through route on the ECML. The 1871 line from Selby to York was closed on 24 May 1983 and in 1989 was converted into a cycle track which now forms part of route 65 of the National Cycle Network; the line south to Temple Hirst
City of Leeds
The City of Leeds is a local government district of West Yorkshire, governed by Leeds City Council, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. The metropolitan district includes the administrative centre Leeds and the ten towns of Farsley, Guiseley, Morley, Pudsey, Rothwell and Yeadon, it has a population of 784,800, making it technically the second largest city in England by population behind Birmingham. The current city boundaries were set on 1 April 1974 by the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, as part a reform of local government in England; the city is a merger of eleven former local government districts. For its first 12 years the city had a two-tier system of local government. Since the Local Government Act 1985 Leeds City Council has been a unitary authority, serving as the sole executive and legislative body responsible for local policy, setting council tax, allocating budget in the city, is a member of the Leeds City Region Partnership; the City of Leeds is divided into a single unparished area.
The Borough of Leeds was created in 1207, when Maurice Paynel, lord of the manor, granted a charter covering a small area adjacent to a crossing of the River Aire, between the old settlement centred on Leeds Parish Church to the east and the manor house and mills to the west. In 1626 a charter was granted by Charles I; the parish and borough included the chapelries of Chapel Allerton, Beeston, Farnley, Headingley cum Burley, Hunslet, Leeds and Wortley. The borough was located in the West Riding of Yorkshire and gained city status in 1893; when a county council was formed for the riding in 1889, Leeds was excluded from its area of responsibility and formed a county borough. The borough made a significant number of territorial expansions, expanding from 21,593 acres in 1911 to 40,612 acres in 1961. A review of local government arrangements completed in 1969 proposed the creation of a new large district centred on Leeds, occupying 317,000 acres and including 840,000 people; the proposed area was reduced in a 1971 white paper.
The final proposal reduced the area further and following the enactment of the Local Government Act 1972, the county borough was abolished on 1 April 1974 and its former area was combined with that of the municipal boroughs of Morley and Pudsey. The new district gained both city status, as had been held by the county borough; the district and its settlements are situated in the eastern foothills of the Pennines astride the River Aire whose valley, the Aire Gap, provides a road and rail corridor that facilitates communications with cities to the west of the Pennines. The district extends 15 miles from east to west and 13 miles from north to south; the highest point, at 1,115 feet, is at its north western extremity on the eastern slopes of Rombalds Moor, better known as Ilkley Moor, on the boundary with the City of Bradford. The lowest points are at around 33 feet, in the east: where River Wharfe crosses the boundary with North Yorkshire south of Thorp Arch Trading Estate and where the River Aire meets the North Yorkshire boundary near Fairburn Ings.
To the north and east Leeds is bordered by North Yorkshire: Harrogate district to the north and Selby district to the east. The remaining borders are with other districts of West Yorkshire: Wakefield to the south, Kirklees to the south west, Bradford to the west. Leeds City Council is the local authority of the district; the council is composed of three for each of the city's wards. Elections are held three years out on the first Thursday of May. One third of the councillors are elected, in each election. 2004 saw all seats up for election due to boundary changes. It is run by a Labour administration. Before the 2011 election, the council had been under no overall control since 2004; the Chief Executive of Leeds City Council is Tom Riordan while the Leader of the Council is Councillor Judith Blake of the Labour Party. As a metropolitan county, West Yorkshire does not have a county council, so Leeds City Council is the primary provider of local government services; the district forms the Humber region of England.
Most of the district is an unparished area, comprising Leeds itself, Garforth and the area of the former urban district of Aireborough. In the unparished area there is no lower tier of government. Outside the unparished area there are 31 civil parishes, represented by parish councils; these form the lowest tier of local government and absorb
Blackpool North railway station
Blackpool North railway station is the main station serving the seaside resort of Blackpool in Lancashire, England. It is 17 1⁄2 miles northwest of Preston; the station was opened in its present form in 1974, succeeded a previous station a few hundred yards away on Talbot Road which had first opened in 1846 and had been rebuilt in 1898. The present station is based on the 1938 concrete canopy which covered the entrance to the former excursion platforms of the old station. Blackpool's other station, Blackpool South, is situated in the south of the town, with services towards Preston and Colne, does not connect to Blackpool North. Blackpool North has regular services to Manchester, Bolton and Preston. There are four intercity trains a day to London Euston; the first station opened on 29 April 1846 as Blackpool, renamed Blackpool Talbot Road in 1872, was first rebuilt in 1898. The rebuilt station consisted of two parallel train sheds and a terminal building, in Dickson Road between Talbot Road and Queen Street.
Platforms 1 to 6 were located in the sheds, with a larger island between platforms 1 and 2 to accommodate taxis. In addition, there was in all but name, a separate station at the east end of Queen Street, with open "excursion" platforms 7 to 16, used only in summer; the station was recommended for closure in the Beeching Report, but following lobbying by Blackpool Corporation it was Blackpool Central—Blackpool's other centrally-located station, but whose site was better-suited for re-development—which closed in 1964. The main station buildings, train shed & platforms were decommissioned and demolished in 1974, replaced by the current station based on the former excursion platforms. In November 2010 it was announced that the lines between Preston and Blackpool would be electrified, along with the line between Manchester and Preston; this resulted in the semaphore signalling at the station being replaced by modern colour lights controlled from the WCML North Rail Operating Centre in Manchester and the station track & platform layout altered.
The project was due for completion by May 2016, with the line onwards to Manchester following by the end of the year. This was subsequently pushed back twice - first to March 2017 and again to early 2018 so that the track remodelling & re-signalling work could be carried out at the same time as the wiring, reducing disruption to passengers; the remodelling required the station to be closed for a significant period of time with additional weekend & evening blocks either side. Replacement buses to Preston operated during the closure; the station was closed until 16 April 2018 for the work to take place. As can be expected of a terminus railway station for a large town, it is staffed and open for 24 hours a day, is equipped with payphones, vending machines and indoor seating, as well as a customer service office and a booking office. Step-free access to the station and platform is available for passengers with wheelchairs or prams, portable ramps are available for platform to train access; the station has its own covered concourse and, adjoining the concourse, it has a Pumpkin cafe, as well as a Point shop to Go convenience store.
The station has a 30-space car park, adjoining bus connections, which can accommodate Plusbus ticket holders. As Blackpool is a popular tourist resort, with its famous Pleasure Beach and beaches, there are many measures put in to prevent fare evasion, including automated barrier checks as well as the conductors on the train; the station is half a mile along Talbot Road from the Blackpool tramway, to be extended to the station in 2018/19 as part of a new transport interchange. The station is served by Virgin Trains. 1tph to Preston 1tph to Liverpool Lime Street 1tph to Manchester Piccadilly via Bolton 1tph to Manchester Airport via Wigan North Western 1tph to York via Leeds 4tpd to London Euston 1tpw from Birmingham New Street First TransPennine Express used to run the service to Manchester Airport, but it was passed on to the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016. Virgin CrossCountry used to run up to 8 services per day to Blackpool North from Portsmouth Harbour and London Paddington; the services were introduced by Virgin to increase the frequency of the CrossCountry trains and were introduced in 2000.
They were withdrawn in summer 2003 by the Strategic Rail Authority to improve the general punctuality of train services. First North Western operated a service between Blackpool and London Euston. Northern services to Leeds and York on weekdays were temporarily withdrawn prior to the start of electrification work in November 2017, but are due to resume in May 2019. Blackpool North was on the InterCity network until 2003 when Virgin Trains West Coast and Virgin CrossCountry withdrew High Speed Train and Voyager services to London Euston and Birmingham. Former local franchise holder First North Western ran services from Blackpool to London Euston, but these were soon discontinued. However, in the December 2014 timetable change, Virgin reintroduced direct services to/from London Euston albeit only on weekdays and only one each way a day; as of May 2018, there are four trains. In 2015, Alliance Rail Holdings, a company that formulates and implements open access rail proposals, was awarded the right to begin running six regular daily passenger services between Blackpool and London, to be operated by open access operator Grand Central using special
Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. Central to franchise commitments will be the introduction of 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331; these will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally, it is planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations; however since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by falling punctuality, poor customer service, regular industrial action by staff and delays in introducing new rolling stock due to issues encountered during testing.
Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services, the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined and has been attributed to worsening performance. The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year, dependent on performance. In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise; the franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.
Although this scheme is not wholly enforced across the Northern network, passengers are liable to paying a £20 penalty fare if they are deemed to have travelled without a valid ticket and had the ability to purchase a ticket prior to boarding the train at the station of origin. Customers who need to purchase a ticket at the station of origin with cash may do so by collecting a'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine as these are not capable of accepting cash; these notices can be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket. Section 6 of the Railways Regulations 2018 covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger’s journey'; the franchise was criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.
In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change. Punctuality was bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services utilising the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November – Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. An alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect.
Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009. Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.
By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall, due to be passed onto the franchise. Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase
York railway station
York railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of York, North Yorkshire. It is 188 miles 40 chains north of London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Doncaster to the south and Thirsk to the north; as of June 2018 the station is operated by London North Eastern Railway. York's station is a key junction halfway between London and Edinburgh, it is five miles north of the point where the Cross Country and TransPennine Express routes via Leeds join the main line, connecting Scotland and the North East, North West and southern England. The junction was a major site for rolling stock manufacture and repair. In Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins, the station was one of only ten to be awarded five stars; the first York railway station was a temporary wooden building on Queen Street outside the walls of the city, opened in 1839 by the York and North Midland Railway. It was succeeded inside the walls, by what is now York old railway station.
In due course, the irksome requirement that through trains between London and Newcastle needed to reverse out of the old York station to continue their journey necessitated the construction of a new through station outside the walls. The present station, designed by the North Eastern Railway architects Thomas Prosser and William Peachey, opened on 25 June 1877, it was at that time the largest in the world. As part of the new station project, the Royal Station Hotel, designed by Peachey, opened in 1878. In 1909 new platforms were added, in 1938 the current footbridge was built and the station resignalled; the building was bombed during the Second World War. On one occasion, on 29 April 1942, 800 passengers had to be evacuated from a King's Cross-Edinburgh train which arrived during a bombing raid. On the same night, two railway workers were killed, one being station foreman William Milner, who died after returning to his burning office to collect his first aid kit, he was posthumously awarded the King's commendation for gallantry.
A plaque in his memory has been erected at the station. The station was extensively repaired in 1947; the station was designated as a Grade II* listed building in 1968. The track layout through and around the station was remodelled again in 1988 as part of the resignalling scheme, carried out prior to the electrification of the ECML shortly afterwards; this resulted in several bay platforms being taken out of the track to them removed. At the same time a new signalling centre was commissioned on the western side of the station to control the new layout and take over the function of several other signal boxes on the main line; the IECC here now supervises the main line from Temple Hirst through to Northallerton, along with sections of the various routes branching from it. It has taken over responsibility for the control area of the former power box at Leeds and thus signals trains as far away as Gargrave and Morley. In 2006–7, to improve facilities for bus and car users as well as pedestrians and cyclists, the approaches to the station were reorganised.
The former motive power depot and goods station now house the National Railway Museum. On 31 March 1920, a passenger train was derailed as it entered platform 8. On 5 August 1958, a passenger train crashed into the buffers at platform 12. All the platforms except 9, 10 and 11 are under the large, curved and iron roof, they are accessed via lifts and either of two pedestrian tunnels. Between April 1984 and 2011 the old tea rooms housed the Rail Riders World/York Model Railway exhibition; the station was renovated in 2009. Platform 9 has been extensive lighting alterations were put in place. New automated ticket gates were planned, but the City of York Council wished to avoid spoiling the historic nature of the station; the operator National Express East Coast planned to appeal the decision but the plans were scrapped altogether upon handover to East Coast. The southern side of the station has been given new signalling systems. An additional line and new junction was completed in early 2011; this work has helped take away one of the bottlenecks on the East Coast Main Line.
The station has become the site of one of Network Rail's modern Rail Operation Centres, which opened in September 2014 on land to the west of the station This took over the functions of the former IECC in December 2018 and will control much of the East Coast Main Line from London to the Scottish border and various subsidiary routes across the North East and South, North and West Yorkshire. The platforms at York have been renumbered several times, the most recent being in the late 1980s to coincide with a reduction in the number of platforms from 15 to 11; the current use is: Platform 1: South-facing bay platform used for services to Hull or Sheffield via Moorthorpe and for stabling empty stock. Platform 2: North-facing bay platform connected only to the Scarborough branch, used for stabling a spare TransPennine Express unit. Platform 3: Main southbound platform, accessible directly from the station concourse. Fast and semi-fast southbound London North Eastern Railway for London King's Cross use this platform.
CrossCountry services, Grand Central, some westbound TransPennine Express services use it. Platform 4: Northward continuation of platform 3 connected only to the Scarborough branch