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East Jersey

The Province of East Jersey, along with the Province of West Jersey, between 1674 and 1702 in accordance with the Quintipartite Deed were two distinct political divisions of the Province of New Jersey, which became the U. S. state of New Jersey. The two provinces were amalgamated in 1702. East Jersey's capital was located at Perth Amboy. Determination of an exact location for a border between West Jersey and East Jersey was a matter of dispute; the area comprising East Jersey had been part of New Netherland. Early settlement by the Dutch included Pavonia and Achter Col These settlements were compromised in Kieft's War and the Peach Tree War. Settlers again returned to the western shores of the Hudson River in the 1660 formation of Bergen, New Netherland, which would become the first permanent European settlement in the territory of the modern state of New Jersey. During the Second Anglo-Dutch War, on August 27, 1664, New Amsterdam surrendered to English forces. Between 1664 and 1674 most settlement was from other parts of the Americas New England, Long Island, the West Indies.

Elizabethtown and Newark in particular had a strong Puritan character. South of the Raritan River the Monmouth Tract was developed by Quakers from Long Island. In 1675, East Jersey was partitioned into four counties for administrative purposes: Bergen County, Essex County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County. There were seven established towns: Shrewsbury, Piscataway, Elizabethtown and Bergen. In a survey taken in 1684 the population was estimated to be 3500 individuals in about 700 families.. Although a number of the East Jersey proprietors in England were Quakers and the governor through most of the 1680s was the leading Quaker Robert Barclay, the Quaker influence on government was not significant; the immigration instigated by Barclay was oriented toward promoting Scottish influence more than Quaker influence. In 1682 Barclay and the other Scottish proprietors began the development of Perth Amboy as the capital of the province. In 1687 James II permitted ships to be cleared at Perth Amboy. Frequent disputes between the residents and the mostly-absentee proprietors over land ownership and quitrents plagued the province until its surrender to Queen Anne's government in 1702.

See: History of the New Jersey State Constitution#East Jersey Constitution See also: Lords Proprietor and Governors under the Proprietors Concession and Agreement List of colonial governors of New Jersey Scottish colonization of the Americas Winfield, Charles H. History of the County of Hudson, New Jersey Harvey, Cornelius B. ed. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey John Fiske; the Dutch and Quaker Colonies of America. Vol. I Lovero, Joan D. Hudson County: The Left Bank Where was the West Jersey/East Jersey line? Bergen Township and Present Jersey City's Colonial Background Overview of Hudson County Heritage Bergen County Historic Society Colonial Charters and Related Documents; the Avalon Project: Documents in Law and Diplomacy. Lillian Goldman Law Library. Retrieved 2010-03-14; this website has links to the following documents: 1664 – The Duke of York's Release to John Ford Berkeley, Sir George Carteret, 24 June 1664 – The Concession and Agreement of the Lords Proprietors of the Province of New Caesarea, or New Jersey, to and With All and Every the Adventurers and All Such as Shall Settle or Plant There 1672 – A Declaration of the True Intent and Meaning of us the Lords Proprietors, Explanation of There Concessions Made to the Adventurers and Planters of New Caesarea or New Jersey 1674 – His Royal Highness's Grant to the Lords Proprietors, Sir George Carteret, 29 July 1676 – The Charter or Fundamental Laws, of West New Jersey, Agreed Upon 1676 – Quintipartite Deed of Revision, Between E. and W Jersey: July 1 1680 – Duke of York's Second Grant to William Penn, Gawn Lawry, Nicholas Lucas, John Eldridge, Edmund Warner, Edward Byllynge, for the Soil and Government of West New Jersey-August 6 1681 – Province of West New-Jersey, in America, The 25th of the Ninth Month Called November 1682 – Duke of York's Confirmation to the 24 Proprietors: 14 March 1683 – The Fundamental Constitutions for the Province of East New Jersey in America 1683 – The King's Letter Recognizing the Proprietors' Right to the Soil and Government 1702 – Surrender from the Proprietors of East and West New Jersey, of Their Pretended Right of Government to Her Majesty 1709 – The Queen's Acceptance of the Surrender of Government.


FlexRay is an automotive network communications protocol developed by the FlexRay Consortium to govern on-board automotive computing. It is designed to be faster and more reliable than CAN and TTP, but it is more expensive; the FlexRay consortium disbanded in 2009, but the FlexRay standard is now a set of ISO standards, ISO 17458-1 to 17458-5. FlexRay supports data rates up to 10 Mbit/s, explicitly supports both star and "party line" bus topologies, can have two independent data channels for fault-tolerance; the bus operates on a time cycle, divided into two parts: the static segment and the dynamic segment. The static segment is preallocated into slices for individual communication types, providing stronger determinism than its predecessor CAN; the dynamic segment operates more like CAN, with nodes taking control of the bus as available, allowing event-triggered behavior. The FlexRay Consortium was made up of the following core members: Freescale Semiconductor Robert Bosch GmbH NXP Semiconductors BMW AG Volkswagen AG Daimler AG General Motors There were Premium Associate and Associate members of FlexRay consortium.

By September 2009, there were more than 60 associate members. At the end of 2009, the consortium disbanded; the first series production vehicle with FlexRay was at the end of 2006 in the BMW X5, enabling a new and fast adaptive damping system. Full use of FlexRay was introduced in 2008 in the new BMW 7 Series. Audi A4 Audi A5 Audi A6 Audi A7 Audi A8 Audi Q7#Second generation Audi TT Mk3 Audi R8#second Bentley Flying Spur Bentley Mulsanne BMW X5 BMW X6 BMW 1 Series BMW 3 Series BMW 5 Series BMW 6 Series BMW 7 Series Lamborghini Huracán Mercedes-Benz S-Class Mercedes-Benz S-Class Mercedes-Benz E-Class from 2013 Mercedes-Benz C-Class Rolls-Royce Ghost Land Rover Volvo XC90 The FlexRay system consists of a bus and ECUs; each ECU has an independent clock. The clock drift must be not more than 0.15% from the reference clock, so the difference between the slowest and the fastest clock in the system is no greater than 0.3%. This means that, if ECU-s is a sender and ECU-r is a receiver for every 300 cycles of the sender there will be between 299 and 301 cycles of the receiver.

The clocks are resynchronized enough to assure that this causes no problems. The clock is sent in the static segment. At each time, only one ECU writes to the bus; each bit to be sent is held on the bus for 8 sample clock cycles. The receiver keeps a buffer of the last 5 samples, uses the majority of the last 5 samples as the input signal. Single-cycle transmission errors may affect results near the boundary of the bits, but will not affect cycles in the middle of the 8-cycle region; the value of the bit is sampled in the middle of the 8-bit region. The errors are moved to the extreme cycles, the clock is synchronized enough for the drift to be small.. All the communication is sent in the form of frames; the message consists of bytes, packed in the following way: Transmission Start Signal – bit 0 Frame Start Signal – bit 1 m times: Byte Start Signal 0 – bit 1 Byte Start Signal 1 – bit 0 0th bit of i-th byte 1st bit of i-th byte 2nd bit of i-th byte... 7th bit of i-th byte Frame End Signal – bit 0 Transmission End Signal – bit 1If nothing is being communicated, the bus is held in state 1, so every receiver knows that the communication started when the voltage drops to 0.

The receiver knows when the message is complete by checking whether FES was received. Note that 8-cycle per bit has nothing to do with bytes; each byte takes 80 cycles to transfer. 16 for BSS0 and BSS1 and 64 for its bits. Note that BSS0 has value 1, BSS1 has value 0; when the voted signal changes from 1 to 0, if the receiver was in either idle state or expecting BSS1. As synchronization is done on the voted signal, small transmission errors during synchronization that affect the boundary bits may skew the synchronization no more than 1 cycle; as there are at most 88 cycles between synchronization, the clock drift is no larger than 1 per 300 cycles, the drift may skew the clock no more than 1 cycle. Small transmission errors during the receiving may affect only the boundary bits. So in the worst case the two middle bits are correct, thus the sampled value is correct. Here's an example of a bad case - error during synchronization, a lost cycle due to clock drift and error in transmission. Errors that happened in the example: Because of a single-bit error during synchronization, the synchronization was delayed by 1 cycle Receiver clock was slower than sender clock, so receiver missed one cycle.

This will not happen again before the next synchronization due to limits on maximum allowable clock drift. Because of a single-bit error during transmission, a bit was voted wrongly near the result. Despite so many errors, the communication was received correctly; the green cells are sampling points. All except the first are synchronized by the 1->0 edge in the transmission fragment shown. When developing and

Daylight (video game)

Daylight is a survival horror video game developed by Zombie Studios and published by Atlus for Microsoft Windows and PlayStation 4. It was the first game to be powered by Unreal Engine 4; the player's goal in each level is to search for notes and logs from the hospital's past, referred to as "remnants", by looking for markings using glow sticks. Once all remnants in a level have been collected, the player is able to acquire a "sigil", an item of significance to the hospital's past, such as a teddy bear and a Bible. Bringing the sigil to "the Seal of Shadows" will unlock the next part of the building, allowing the player to advance further into the hospital and to freedom. Discovering remnants can cause a marking on her arm, which attracts the dangerous "shadow people"; the player can either make them lose them by running away. The player cannot access any weapons; the environment layout is randomly generated. The enemies and other antagonists are procedurally spawned; the game's interface includes the number of remnants the player has to find and the threat level in the hospital.

As threat level increases, monsters are more to appear. The plot is centered around a woman named Sarah who regains consciousness in an abandoned hospital with no memory of how she got there. A mysterious voice tells her to find the secrets of the hospital. With a cell phone, her map, she must explore the haunted hospital and its criminal past in order to escape. Daylight received mixed to negative reviews from critics. Aggregating review websites GameRankings and Metacritic gave the PC version 50.90% and 51/100 and the PlayStation 4 version 47.00% and 48/100. GameZone's Joe Donato opined "Daylight accomplishes nothing, its attempt to expand on the Slender formula is only enjoyable for as long as you’d want to play Slender anyway, it isn’t nearly as effective." Official website

Sky Trooper

Sky Trooper is a 1942 animated cartoon by Walt Disney Studios starring Donald Duck during the World War II years. It was directed by Jack King based on a script by Carl Barks. Donald Duck is peeling potatoes, he wants to fly, so he cuts a potato to look like an airplane. He threw it, it caught Sergeant Black Pete's cap and brought it back to Donald, like a boomerang. Donald cuts it; when the sergeant comes in, he finds his cap cut in airplane shapes and found out about Donald's ambition to fly. Donald is forced to peel tons more potatoes, but is promised the opportunity to fly after he cuts them all. After cutting all the potatoes, Donald reports to the Flight Sergeant's office and manages to fail all the equilibrium-finding exercises that the Sergeant comes up with, when the Sergeant told him to "pin the tail on that airplane", Donald obliges after walking on the outside ledge of the building, knocking over a huge vase. Donald made his way back in; the Sergeant gives Donald the chance to fly, albeit as a parachute troop.

Donald, went along for the ride, is surprised to find himself several thousand feet above the ground. Donald and the Sergeant fight, until both tumble out of the plane, but not before the Sergeant grabs a bomb to try to stay on, it came away with them. On the way down, the two try to give the bomb to each other, until their fight is ended by their crashing into the General's Headquarters; the clip ends with the Sergeant and Donald, both with a cast on their leg and arm and peeling potatoes. When Donald tells Pete "Boy, was that, some surprise", Pete tells Donald "Ah, SHUT UP!" and puts a potato on Donald's bill silencing Donald, much to Donald's chagrin as he mutters to himself as the cartoon closes. Donald Duck: Clarence Nash Pete: Billy Bletcher Sky Trooper on IMDb


Darwinilus sedarisi is a species of rove beetle, the only species in the genus Darwinilus. It is named after David Sedaris, it is found in Argentina. A specimen of the beetle was collected by Charles Darwin in 1832 during the voyage of HMS Beagle, but not formally named as a new species until 2014. Darwinilus sedarisi was first described by the American entomologist Stylianos Chatzimanolis in 2014, it is known from only two specimens. The holotype was collected in 1832 by Charles Darwin from Bahía Blanca, Argentina during the voyage of HMS Beagle; the second specimen was collected from Río Cuarto, Córdoba by a certain Breuer and deposited at the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Germany. The exact date the specimen was collected is not known, but it is known to have happened before 1935 since the German entomologists Walther Horn and Ilse Kahle listed Breuer's collection in a 1935 paper. Darwinilus sedarisi is the only species in the genus Darwinilus, it is classified under the subtribe Xanthopygina, tribe Staphylinini, subfamily Staphylininae of the rove beetle family Staphylinidae

South Putuo Temple

South Putuo or Nanputuo is a famous Buddhist temple founded in the Tang dynasty in the Chinese city of Xiamen. It is so named; the South Putuo Temple is located on the southeast of Xiamen Island. It is surrounded by the Wulao Peaks behind the temple; the Wulao peaks is a small mountain range. It enjoys a picturesque view of Xiamen and the surrounding district of Haicang and Zhangzhou City. South Putuo Temple has verdant woods, it is adjacent to Lu River. During the remaining years of the Tang dynasty, the monks who inhabited the place had established it into a Buddhist sacred land, it used to have different names. In 1684, around the beginning of the Qing dynasty, general Shi Lang provided funds to rebuild the temple, where the Bodhisattva Guanyin was worshipped; the general named it after the Buddhist holy site Mount Putuo of Zhejiang Province, considered the abode of Guanyin. In 1924, Hui Quan was appointed the first abbot of the South Putuo Temple and other masters like Hong Yi and Yin Shun taught here.

The temple underwent further renovation in the 1980s. Chinese Buddhism Mount Putuo Xiamen City Community Website Official website