Fish Hawk, Florida
FishHawk is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in Hillsborough County, United States. It is a suburb of Tampa and includes a portion of the community of Lithia; as of the 2010 census, the CDP had a population of 14,087, up from 1,991 at the 2000 census. The place name is derived from Little Fishhawk Creek, a tributary of the Alafia River that joins the Alafia just west of Lithia Springs. FishHawk is located in east-central Hillsborough County, bordered to the north by the Alafia River, which separates it from Valrico to the north and Bloomingdale to the northwest. Boyette road borders Fish Hawk from Riverview to the southwest. FishHawk is 20 miles southeast of downtown Tampa; the older community of Lithia is in the eastern part of the CDP. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 16.4 square miles, with 16.2 square miles of land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.03%, of water. FishHawk Ranch by Newland Communities is a planned community composed of several distinct villages over 3,000+ acres.
FishHawk Ranch contains several public common areas including the Park Square Town Center, the Lake House, the Palmetto Club clubhouse, the Osprey Club, the Aquatic Center, biking/walking trails, community swimming pools, gym facilities, tennis courts and ponds. FishHawk Ranch was the first certified green new-home community in Hillsborough County; the community is part of a Community Development District and residents pay a CDD fee for their respective CDD designation or subdivision. Channing Park and the Enclave at Channing Park are located within the FishHawk area of Lithia. Private amenities include a half-basketball court, skateboard park, playground with picnic facilities, dog park, soccer field, amenities center with fitness area, pirate splash zone and a resort style pool with spa; the FishHawk area is noted for its high-ranking, A-rated schools. FishHawk Trails and FishHawk Ranch operated as a ranch. Before these subdivisions were constructed, FishHawk Trails was a wooded location through which a CSX Transportation rail track path passed.
The rail tracks were removed in the late 1980s. There was once a train station in the FishHawk area, the main import/export area of supplies and food for Lithia residents. Starling at FishHawk and The Preserve were an undeveloped wildlife habitat; the Florida Green Building Coalition has named FishHawk as a "green" community, the first in Hillsborough County and the largest in the Tampa area. In 2003, the National Arbor Day Foundation honored the FishHawk community preservation efforts. At the time of the 2000 US Census, there were 1,991 people, 678 households, 581 families residing in the community; the population density was 121.8 people per square mile. There were 798 housing units at an average density of 48.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the community was 91.41% White, 4.12% Black, 0.15% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 2.06% from other races, 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.08% of the population. There were 678 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.3% were non-families.
10.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.16. In the community, the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. The median income for a household in the community was $65,857, the median income for a family was $67,286. Males had a median income of $42,321 versus $35,662 for females; the per capita income for the community was $26,540. About 2.0% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The area was transformed by development throughout the following decade, with the population growing over 700%, from under 2,000 to 14,087 in the 2010 US Census, while the median household income increased from $65,857 to $107,250.
To accommodate the rapid growth, the Hillsborough County School District opened several new schools in the area, including Newsome High School in 2003. Schools: FishHawk Ranch FishHawk Trails
Ruskin is an unincorporated census-designated place in Hillsborough County, United States. The area was part of the chiefdom of the Uzita at the time of the Hernando de Soto expedition in 1539; the community was founded August 1908, on the shores of the Little Manatee River. It was developed by Dr. George McAnelly Miller, an attorney and professor at Ruskin College in Trenton and Addie Dickman Miller, it is named after social critic John Ruskin. Miller established the short-lived Ruskin College, it was one of the Ruskin Colleges. The town and college were named after social reformist John Ruskin. Ruskin, a utopian, founded the Guild of St George, a celebration of workmanship that underpinned the Arts and Crafts movement of William Morris. Ruskin was a passionate educator. In 1907, Dr. George McAnelly Miller, a former Chicago prosecuting attorney and professor, former president of Ruskin College in Trenton, relocated his family to the area, along with his brother-in-law Albert Peter Dickman's family.
They purchased land and started to set up homes, a sawmill, a school. Addie Dickman Miller, Dr. Miller's wife, founded a post office on August 7, 1908; this day is recognized as the official founding day of the town. The Ruskin Commongood Society platted Ruskin on February 19, 1910, filed the plat on March 9, 1910, in the Hillsborough County Court House, with lots for the college, the business district, two parks, for the founding families, with only white people allowed to own or lease land in the community. Albert Dickman's house, finished in 1910, on the banks of the Little Manatee River, is one of the few structures left standing from the founding of Ruskin; the Millers began a new Ruskin College in 1910, with Dr. Miller serving as president and Adeline Miller serving as Vice President. Continuing with the college's former practices, students worked a portion of each day as part of their education and as a way to pay for tuition and board, it offered three years of preparatory classes, after which students could attend the college, taking classes in art, language, music, social sciences, speech.
In 1913 the school had 160 students. By 1913, the community had a cooperative general store, a canning factory, a telephone system, an electric plant supplying electricity to both public and private buildings, a weekly paper, regular boat freight and passenger service to Tampa. With the onset of World War I, most students went to the war in Europe and the college closed its doors. In 1918, a fire destroyed the college. Dr. Miller died in August 1919. At this time U. S. Route 41 was only a 9-foot-wide shell road paid for by a $30,000 local bond issue; because of the growing importance of truck farming, these roads and others were built to facilitate the transportation of produce to local markets throughout the 1920s. The railroad track connected Ruskin to the Seaboard Air Line Railroad line in 1913. On the eve of the college's demise in 1918, Ruskin had a population of 200 Ruskinites, as they are called; the majority of people appeared to have been truck growers. These residents supported a sawmill, a turpentine still, a syrup factory, a blacksmith, a newspaper, a lawyer, two carpenters, three general stores.
Rachel W. Billings served as the Universalist minister. With this foundation, it is not surprising that with the destruction of the college the colony survived. In 1925, Ruskin's population remained at 200, it had six hotels, two sawmills, one turpentine still, a public library, the Ruskin Telephone Company, four groceries, one garage, a well driller, two restaurants, a dry goods dealer, a carpenter, a number of fruit and truck growers. Some of the fields had been cultivated, tomatoes, cabbages and other crops were being raised. There was a nursery established for ornamentals. Thousands of palms were ready for market, streets were being graded in certain portions of the town that lay off the highway; the community's social life included four or five clubs organized by women, ranging from the Woman's Twentieth Century Club to the League of Women Voters. A new school was erected, as well as a church. With the road developments auto service was provided to Brandon and Wimauma. In 1930 Ruskin's population had reached 709, consisting of 314 females.
Despite the deed restrictions against African Americans owning or leasing property, 140 black people resided in Ruskin. The rest of the population was white, of whom 52 were foreign-born. Three companies operated in Ruskin in 1935 despite the Depression and a drop to 600 residents: Florida Power & Light Company; because of its agricultural roots, the town weathered the Depression. The soil of Ruskin farms is adapted to growing tomatoes. There is a large area of muck land underlaid with marl in this region; the marl base allows irrigation of crops without loss of fertilizer, as the marl prevents the fertilizer from washing too deep into the soil. Ruskin is favored with numerous artesian wells. Due to the rapid growth of tomato culture and a cooperative arrangement among Ruskin farmers, the town was again a thriving community, it had a canning plant which employed 65 workers, a community hall, a modern schoolhouse. As part of an attempt to attract visitors to Ruskin and to celebrate the area's agricultural richness, the community instituted the annual springtime Ruskin Tomato Festival in 1935 where vegetables were displayed and the community's most popular woman was voted as queen.
The festival still takes place every year in May. With many Ruskin residents working in Tamp
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Plant City, Florida
Plant City is an incorporated city in Hillsborough County, United States midway between Brandon and Lakeland along Interstate 4. The population was 34,721 at the 2010 census. Despite many thinking it was named for flora grown at plant nurseries in its tropical Gulf Coast climate, it was named after prominent railroad developer Henry B. Plant. Plant City is known as the winter strawberry capital of the world and hosts the annual Florida Strawberry Festival in the late winter, attended by people from all over the United States as well as many people from around the world. Plant City's original name was Ichepuckesassa after the Indian village that once occupied the territory, its name caused so much confusion that the city was renamed "Cork", after the postmaster's Irish hometown. It was given the name "Plant City" in commemoration of Henry B. Plant and his railroad, which boosted the commerce in this agricultural community by incorporating it with the South Florida Railroad. Plant City was the spring training home of baseball's Cincinnati Reds, who played exhibition games at Plant City Stadium from 1988 to 1997.
Plant City is located in northeastern Hillsborough County at 28°1′N 82°8′W. Interstate 4 runs through the northern part of the city, with access from Exits 17 through 25. I-4 leads west 23 miles to Tampa. U. S. Route 92 is the main highway through the center of Plant City, running parallel to I-4. Florida State Road 39 crosses US 92 in the center of Plant City and leads north 15 miles to Zephyrhills and south 6 miles to Hopewell. According to the United States Census Bureau, Plant City has a total area of 28.1 square miles, of which 27.2 square miles are land and 0.93 square miles, or 3.31%, are water. The city and its surrounding area are in the Southern Flatwoods ecological community as defined by the US Department of Agriculture; the region as a whole is noted for its sandy and poorly drained soils. In and around Plant City, high organic matter content and scattered phosphate nodules make many of the soils more fertile than typical for the flatwoods. Plant City, as does most of Florida, has a humid subtropical climate with humid and hot summers and warm, drier winters.
Since the coolest month mean temperature is 61 °F, it narrowly misses the definition of a true tropical climate. The Hillsborough County School District operates all public schools in Plant City. Simmons Career Center Durant High School Plant City High School Strawberry Crest High School - Dover, FL Simmons Exceptional Center Teen Parent East Program Tomlin Middle School Turkey Creek Middle School Marshall Middle School Plant City Adult Learning Lab Walden Lake Elementary Burney Elementary School Stonewall Jackson Elementary Cork Elementary School Woodrow Wilson Elementary Autumn Leaf Academy Evangelical Presbyterian Church Learning Center First Presbyterian Learning Center II Faith Christian Academy of Plant City Wish Farms, the largest strawberry producer in Florida, has a large presence in Plant City; as of the census of 2000, there were 29,915 people, 10,849 households, 7,843 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,321.9 people per square mile. There were 11,797 housing units at an average density of 521.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 71.67% White, 17.42% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 16.16% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.10% from other races, two or more races were 1.77% of the population. There were 10,849 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.20. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,584, the median income for a family was $43,328.
Males had a median income of $33,417 versus $23,585 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,815. About 11.3% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over. Plant City Airport is a public-use airport located 2 miles southwest of the central business district. Plant City Union Depot served both the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and Seaboard Air Line Railroad after the merger into the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad until passenger service ceased operations in 1971; the east-west ACL tracks cross the north-south Seaboard tracks at a 90 degree angle at the southeast corner of the station. The station has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1975. Amtrak's Silver Star still uses the line west-to-eastbound ACL tracks, although it does not stop there. Here there is a diamond of two railroad tracks. Both tracks are now owned and ran by Class 1 railroad, CSX. Here, there is a train watching deck where you can watch CSX freight trins and Amtrak's Silver Sta
Temple Terrace, Florida
Temple Terrace is an incorporated city in northeastern Hillsborough County, United States, adjacent to Tampa. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 24,541, it is the third and smallest incorporated municipality in Hillsborough County. Incorporated in 1925, the community is known for its rolling landscape, bucolic Hillsborough River views, majestic trees. Temple Terrace was planned as a 1920s Mediterranean-Revival golf course community and is one of the first such communities in the United States. Temple Terrace was named for the then-new hybrid, the Temple orange called the tangor, it is a cross between the mandarin orange — called the tangerine — and the common sweet orange. Temple Terrace was the first place in the United States where the new Temple orange was grown in large quantities; the "terrace" portion of the name refers to the terraced terrain of the area by the river where the city was founded. One of the original houses had a terraced yard with a lawn sloping, in tiers, toward the river.
The original inhabitants of the Temple Terrace area were known as the Tocobaga, a group of Native Americans living around Tampa Bay, both in prehistoric and historic times, until 1760. Their numbers declined in the seventeenth century, due at least in part to diseases brought to the New World by the Europeans, to which they had little natural resistance. All of the Florida tribes were severely affected by the raids of Creeks and Yamasee during the late stages of the seventeenth century. In any case, the Tocobaga disappeared from history less than a hundred years later. Spanish exploration of the Temple Terrace area dates back to 1757 when explorer Don Francisco Maria Celi of the Spanish Royal Fleet made his way up the Hillsborough River to what is now Riverhills Park in search of pine trees to use as masts for his ships. Here, in the extensive longleaf pine forest, he erected a cross in what he named "El Pinal de la Cruz de Santa Teresa". Confirmation of the fleet's travels is found in its log book.
A historic marker and a replica of the cross erected to honor St. Theresa is found in Riverhills Park today. Up to 1913, the longleaf pine, sand live oak, cypress trees made the area suitable for turpentine manufacturing and logging; the area now known as Temple Terrace was part of an exclusive 19,000-acre game preserve called "Riverhills" belonging to Chicago socialite Bertha Palmer, wife of businessman Potter Palmer. She played an extensive role in making Sarasota the "City of the Arts", she was one of the largest landholders, ranchers and developers in Florida at the turn of the twentieth century. The Evening Independent newspaper in 1918 described the preserve as "a well stocked hunting preserve north of Tampa being one of the most attractive hunting grounds in the state." Property acquisition by the Palmers and the Honorés began in 1910. Because it escaped logging, the grounds of the clubhouse harbor some of the largest specimens of live oak and longleaf pine in the city. Mrs. Potter-Palmer's vision for her property was that it be developed into a golf course community surrounded by extensive citrus groves, but her death in 1918 prevented her from realizing that vision.
At her death, the trustee of her estate and brother, Adrian Honoré, sold her local land holdings to Burks Hamner, Vance Helm, Maud Fowler, Cody Fowler, D. Collins Gillett, who formed two development corporations: Temple Terrace Estates, Inc. which developed the golf course and residential areas. D. Collins Gillett oversaw Temple Terraces, Inc. and owned the first and largest citrus nursery in Florida, Buckeye Nurseries of Tampa. His father, Myron E. Gillett, thirty-first mayor of Tampa, was instrumental in popularizing the exotic hybrid Temple orange in the United States; the 1920 vision for the community was that wealthy retired Northerners would purchase one of the lots in Temple Terrace, build a Mediterranean Revival villa on the lot and purchase a parcel in the extensive adjoining citrus grove to either manage as a hobby or provide extra income. Temple Terrace was only occupied during "The Season"; the rest of the year the houses were cared for by caretakers until The Season came again and the homeowners returned.
In 1924, part of the 5,000-acre area platted as the Temple Orange grove and called Temple Terraces, Inc. was developed into the present-day neighborhood of Temple Crest adjacent to Temple Terrace and to its west, hugging the Hillsborough River. The land occupied by nearby Busch Gardens was part of Mrs. Palmer's original 19,000-acre ranch. In 1925 and 1926, the Temple Terrace Golf and Country Club hosted the Florida Open. "Long" Jim Barnes was resident professional of the course at the time, every major golfer of the day co
Interstate 4 is an Interstate Highway in the U. S. state of Florida, maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation. Spanning 133 miles along a west–east axis, I-4 is concurrent with State Road 400. In the west, they begin at an interchange with I-275 in Tampa, they intersect with several major expressways as they traverse Central Florida, including US 41 in Tampa. In the east, I-4 ends at an interchange with I-95 in Daytona Beach, while SR 400 continues for another 4 miles and ends at an intersection with US 1 on the city line of Daytona Beach and South Daytona. Construction on I-4 began in 1958; the "I-4 Ultimate" project in progress, will oversee the construction of variable-toll express lanes and numerous redevelopments through the 21-mile stretch of highway extending from Kirkman Road in Orlando to SR 434 in Longwood. The project broke ground in 2015, is scheduled to be completed in 2021; the median of I-4 between Tampa and Orlando was the planned route of a now-cancelled high-speed rail line.
From a political standpoint, the "I-4 corridor" is a strategic region given the large number of undecided voters in a large swing state. I-4 maintains a diagonal, northeast–southwest route for much of its length, although it is signed east–west; the 132-mile-long highway's western terminus is with an interchange with Interstate 275—known as "Malfunction Junction"—near downtown Tampa and is the starting point for mile markers and exit numbers. Just east of Malfunction Junction, I-4 passes along the north side of Tampa's Ybor City district, where a mile-long connector links to the Lee Roy Selmon Expressway and Port Tampa Bay. I-4 continues east past the Florida State Fairgrounds towards a turbine interchange with Interstate 75. After passing near the eastern suburbs of Hillsborough County—including Brandon and Plant City—it enters Polk County, where I-4 crosses along the north side of Lakeland; the Polk Parkway forms a semi-loop through Lakeland's southern suburbs and returns to I-4 at the Florida Polytechnic University campus, near Polk City.
Just after the western junction with the Polk Parkway, I-4 turns from an eastward to a northeastward heading. Between SR 33 and US 27, I-4 passes through the fog-prone Green Swamp, although the landscape beside the highway is forest as opposed to water-logged swampland. Ten variable-message signs and dozens of cameras & vehicle detection systems monitor this stretch of mostly-rural highway as a result of several large, deadly pile-ups caused by dense fog. At mile 57, I-4 enters Osceola County and soon thereafter intersects the Orlando area's beltways: the incomplete Western Expressway on the western side and the Central Florida GreeneWay which rounds the eastern side before returning to I-4 in Sanford. Additionally, an exit to World Drive runs north as a limited-access highway into the Walt Disney World Resort and an electric pylon in the shape of Mickey Mouse can be seen on the southwest corner of the intersection; the single GreeneWay/World Drive exit marks an abrupt change from rural to suburban/urban landscape.
The highway passes beside Celebration and Kissimmee on the east side and Walt Disney World Resort on the west side. For the next 40 mi, I-4 passes through the Orlando metropolitan area, where the highway forms the main north-south artery, it enters Orange County, passes through Walt Disney World, by SeaWorld Orlando, & Universal Orlando—and intersects all of the area's major toll roads, including the Beachline Expressway and Florida's Turnpike. Orlando's main tourist strip—International Drive—runs parallel and no more than 1.5 mi from I-4 between Kissimmee and Florida's Turnpike. Between Michigan St. and Kaley Ave. I-4 changes to a north heading past downtown Orlando and its northern suburbs. A 21-mile section of I-4 from west of Kirkman Road to east of SR 434 is undergoing a $2.3 billion reconstruction, expected to be completed in 2021, that replaces most bridges, changes the configuration of many intersections, adds two express toll lanes—named 4 Express—in each direction. After passing along the west side of Downtown Orlando, I-4 continues through the city's northern suburbs—including Winter Park, Altamonte Springs, Sanford.
Around mile 91, I-4 soon thereafter shifts to a northeast heading. The Seminole Expressway, after passing around the east side of the Orlando metropolitan area, has its northern terminus at I-4 in Sanford; this intersection will connect with the Wekiva Parkway under construction, when it is completed in 2021, at which point a full beltway around the Orlando metro area will be available. North of Sanford, I-4 is carried by the St. Johns River Veterans Memorial Bridge over the St. Johns River at the mouth of Lake Monroe. Along the bridge, I-4 enters passes Deltona & DeLand; the segment north of SR 44 has been widened from four to six lanes. Completed in winter 2016-17, the entire length of I-4 has at least 6 lanes. I-4 terminates at a junction with I-95 in Daytona Beach. SR 400 continues east into Daytona Beach 4 mi to US 1. I-4 has two pair
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However