East Los Angeles, California
East Los Angeles
Images, from top and left to right: East LA Public Library, Civic Center Park, Atlantic Gold Line Station
Location of East Los Angeles in Los Angeles County, California
|• Total||7.452 sq mi (19.302 km2)|
|• Land||7.448 sq mi (19.291 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.011 km2) 0.06%|
|Elevation||200 ft (61 m)|
|• Density||17,000/sq mi (6,600/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|Area code(s)||213 and 323|
|GNIS feature ID||1660583|
East Los Angeles, or East L.A., is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California. It is 97% Latino—the highest percentage of any neighborhood in Los Angeles County, and the highest of any census-designated place (CDP) in the country with a population of 100,000 or more.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Population
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Education
- 6 Latino Walk of Fame
- 7 Veterans memorial
- 8 Parks and recreation
- 9 Climate
- 10 Notable people
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
East L.A. is located immediately east of the Boyle Heights district of Los Angeles, south of the El Sereno district of Los Angeles, north of the city of Commerce, and west of the cities of Monterey Park and Montebello.
The 2010 United States Census reported that East Los Angeles had a population of 126,496. Population density was 16,973.5 people per square mile (6,553.5/km2). The racial makeup of East Los Angeles was 53,934 (50.5%) White (1.5% Non-Hispanic White), 817 (0.6%) African American, 1,549 (1.2%) Native American, 1,144 (0.9%) Asian, 63 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 54,846 (43.4%) from other races, and 4,143 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 122,784 persons (97.1%).
The Census reported that 126,176 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 174 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 146 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 30,816 households, out of which 17,509 (56.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,497 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,104 (23.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,238 (10.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,516 (8.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 199 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,781 households (12.3%) were made up of individuals and 1,781 (5.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.09. There were 25,839 families (83.8% of all households); the average family size was 4.33.
The population was spread out with 39,804 people (31.5%) under the age of 18, 15,193 people (12.0%) aged 18 to 24, 37,354 people (29.5%) aged 25 to 44, 23,281 people (18.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,864 people (8.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.
There were 32,201 housing units at an average density of 4,320.8 per square mile (1,668.3/km2), of which 10,986 (35.7%) were owner-occupied, and 19,830 (64.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.2%. 47,123 people (37.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 79,053 people (62.5%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, East Los Angeles had a median household income of $37,982, with 26.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of 2000, there were 124,283 people, 29,844 households, and 25,068 families residing in the community. The population density was 16,697.4 people per square mile (6,449.7/km2). There were 31,096 housing units at an average density of 4,177.8 per square mile (1,613.7/km2). The racial makeup of the community was 39.3% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 54.01% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 96.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.
As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 87.30%, while English accounted for 12.65%, Japanese was spoken by 0.16%, Armenian made up 0.09%, Vietnamese was at 0.07%, Chinese at 0.05%, Russian at 0.04%, Tagalog at 0.03%, and Mandarin was at 0.03% of the population.
There were 29,844 households out of which 51.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.0% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.15 and the average family size was 4.42.
The age distribution of the community was as follows: 34.6% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household in the community was $28,544, and the median income for a family was $29,755. Males had a median income of $21,065 versus $18,475 for females. The per capita income for the community was $9,543. About 24.7% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.0% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over. East Los Angeles has a very large Latino population that consists of Mexicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Hondurans, and Nicaraguans.
- East Los Angeles, California, 96.7%
- Maywood, California, 96.4%
- Walnut Park, California, 95.4%
- Huntington Park, California, 95.1%
- Boyle Heights, Los Angeles, 94.0%
- Cudahy, California, 93.8%
- Bell Gardens, California, 93.7%
- Commerce, California 93.4%
- Vernon, California, 92.6%
- South Gate, California, 92.1%
Light rail service to East L.A. is provided by the Metro Gold Line's Eastside Extension, which opened in 2009.
The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) provides bus service from East L.A. throughout the L.A. area. Local shuttle service is provided by El Sol (the East Los Angeles Shuttle).
Government and infrastructure
As East Los Angeles is an unincorporated community, it does not have a local government and relies on the County of Los Angeles for local services. Supervisor Hilda L. Solis represents East LA on the Board of Supervisors.
In the California State Legislature, East Los Angeles is in the 24th Senate District, represented by Democrat Maria Elena Durazo, and in the 51st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wendy Carrillo.
Despite multiple failed attempts in the past, residents are currently campaigning for cityhood for East Los Angeles. Proponents of incorporation include California State Senator Gloria Romero and Congresswoman Grace Napolitano.
Primary and secondary schools
LAUSD operates Amanecer PC in East Los Angeles. LAUSD elementary schools in East Los Angeles include Anton, Belvedere, Brooklyn Avenue, City Terrace, Eastman, Fourth Street, Ford Boulevard, Harrison, Humphreys Avenue, Robert F. Kennedy, Marianna, and Rowan Avenue. Hamasaki Elementary School, originally named Riggin Elementary School and renamed in 1990, is adjacent to and outside of the CDP. At one time Hammel Elementary School was in the East Los Angeles CDP.
The middle schools in the CDP include Belvedere Middle School and Griffith Middle School. Stevenson Middle School, adjacent to the CDP, is in Los Angeles. James A. Garfield High School is the sole traditional LAUSD public high school in East Los Angeles. Garfield High School participates in the "East LA Classic" against Theodore Roosevelt High School a football game that traditionally draws over 20,000 fans. Ramona High School, an alternative public high school, is in East Los Angeles. Alfonso Perez School, a K-12 alternative school, is in the CDP.
Montebello USD schools include Gascon Elementary School, Montebello Park Elementary School, and Winter Gardens Elementary School.
Adult Education programs from the Eastside Learning Center and East Los Angeles Occupational Center are intended and currently plan to be relocated at the East LA Star Hospital site. The East LA Star Adult Education project is expected to be completed by 2011.
Oscar De La Hoya Animo High School is in the area.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles operates Catholic schools in the CDP. Schools include Our Lady of Lourdes School (PK-8), St. Alphonsus School (TK, K, 1-8) , and Our Lady of Guadalupe School (K-8).White memorial Adventist School operates Christian schools in the CDP. 
Other schools in the area include the KIPP charter schools. The Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) is a nationwide network of free open-enrollment college-preparatory schools in under-resourced communities throughout the United States.
County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the East Los Angeles Library in the CDP. The East Los Angeles Library opened on May 1, 1923; originally it was a collection of books in a store. A building was built to house the collection several months later. A new library building opened in 1924. In 1932 the library moved to a new building. In 1967 the library moved into another building, which was 15,120 square feet (1,405 m2) large. In 2004 the library moved to its current location, a 26,300 square feet (2,440 m2) facility designed by Stephen Finney of the Glendale, California firm CWA AIA, Inc. The current library has areas for adults and children, the Chicano Resource Center, a 175-person meeting room, a computer room, a Friends of the Library bookstore, and free parking areas. The library design has Mayan design and themes, as requested from area residents. References to the sun and moon, which are themes in Mayan art, were incorporated in the library.
The county operates the City Terrace Library in the CDP. The library has been in its current location since 1979. In addition the county operates the El Camino Real Library in the CDP. The library opened in 1929 as the Stephenson Library. In 1972 the library moved to its current location, and in 1975 it was rededicated as the El Camino Real library, as it is located on the historic El Camino Real.
Also, the county operates the Anthony Quinn Library in the CDP. The library, originally known as the Belvedere Library, opened in January 1914. In 1925 the library moved to a storefront facility; at that time its collection was several thousand books. In 1937 the library moved to a new site. In 1973 the library moved to its current location. On January 5, 1982, the library took its current name; the childhood house of actor Anthony Quinn was located on the present day site of the library, and the library was renamed after Quinn. The First Supervisorial District funded a renovation that occurred in 2000. The library reopened in February 2001 with a new appearance and new furnishings.
Latino Walk of Fame
This section does not cite any sources. (September 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Walk of Fame is similar to the one in Hollywood but with a focus on Latino celebrities. The Latino Walk of Fame was inaugurated on April 30, 1997, to honor outstanding leaders who have made historical and social contributions with a Sun Plaque on Whittier Boulevard the heart of East L.A. Spaces have been created for over 280 plaques. Permanent granite plaques have been put in place for the first 20 honorees. The merchants’ association of East Los Angeles sponsors a comprehensive clean-up campaign that cleans the sidewalks and gutters daily and removes litter and trash.
This section does not cite any sources. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The obelisk-shaped monument at Atlantic Park was dedicated on May 30, 1930, during a Memorial Day Parade that ended at what was then called Belvedere Gardens Park. A plaque on the monument reads, "In memory of heroes of all American wars." According to a Los Angeles Times story at the time, over 2,000 ex-servicemen and members of service clubs marched in the parade. Orval C. Jordan and Millard F. Durham, who donated the monument, were both veterans, said Ansley Davies, a curator with the Los Angeles County Department of Parks. Both lived near the park, according to U.S. Census records.
Parks and recreation
Los Angeles County operates parks and recreation in East Los Angeles.
Atlantic Avenue Park in the CDP has a children's play area, picnic, and barbecue areas, a men's locker room, a women's locker room, and a 50-meter, six-lane swimming pool. In addition, the park has a rose garden maintained by volunteers. The 39.1-acre (15.8 ha) Belvedere Community Regional Park is located adjacent to and outside of the CDP. The park has baseball fields, basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a skate park, soccer (football), a splash pad, a swimming pool, and tennis courts.
City Terrace County Park, located in the CDP, was developed in 1933 by Works Progress Administration crews; the park occupied a piece of 3.5 acres (1.4 ha) terrace that was formed after crews hacked a rugged and barren hill. In 1957 600,000 cubic yards (460,000 m3) pf soil that had been removed from the construction of the Los Angeles Civic Center was transported to the City Terrace County Park. The soil filled a ravine, tripling the park's original acreage. The park has a basketball court, a children's playground, a community room, a computer center, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, a swimming pool, and tennis courts. Eugene A. Obregon Park, named after a Korean War Marine veteran and Medal of Honor recipient, is in the CDP. The park's official opening was on May 26, 1966. The park includes basketball courts, ceramic rooms, a community room, a computer center, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, a swimming pool, and a walking path.
The 8.4-acre (3.4 ha) Ruben F. Salazar Memorial Park is in the CDP. The county purchased the original 1.47 acres (0.59 ha) of park property from Cedars of Lebanon Hospital on March 8, 1938. The land was officially designated as the "East Los Angeles Playground" two months later. On June 25, 1940, the property was renamed the "Laguna Park and Playground." On September 17, 1970, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors gave the park its current name. The park was named after Ruben F. Salazar, a Los Angeles Times columnist and an executive at KMEX. Salazar Park includes a baseball diamond, basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a computer center, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a senior center, a swimming pool, and tennis courts. The 4.8-acre (1.9 ha) Saybrook Park is also in the CDP. The County Board of Supervisors approved final plans for developing the park on May 1, 1973. The park includes two outdoor basketball courts, a ball diamond, children's play areas, a community building with a community room, a computer technology building with a computer room, picnic and barbecue areas, and a tennis court.
The Eastside Eddie Heredia Boxing Club, operated by the county, is located inside a former fire station in the CDP. The club was named after Eddie Heredia, the first club of the champion, who died of leukemia at age 17. One of the members of the Heredia club became a member of the United States Olympic Boxing Team and entered the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
As with the surrounding region, East L.A. has a Mediterranean climate.
|Climate data for East Los Angeles, California (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °F (°C)||73
|Average low °F (°C)||48
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.78
- Maria Helena Viramontes, writer and professor Viramontes is currently a professor of English at Cornell University.
- Lucille Roybal-Allard, U.S. Congress member
- Hope Sandoval, singer and songwriter lead singer for Mazzy Star
- Oscar De La Hoya, world boxing champion and 1992 Olympic Gold medalist
- Edward James Olmos, actor, producer, and director
- Jaime Escalante, educator, subject of the film Stand and Deliver
- Constance Marie, actress
- Carlos Mencia, comedian
- Sam Johnson, American football player
- Marvin Sotelo, writer and musician
- Sergio Mora, boxer
- The Chicano Moratorium
- Ruben Salazar
- East L.A. walkouts
- Zoot Suit Riots
- Home of Peace Cemetery (East Los Angeles)
- U.S. Census Archived 2012-07-14 at WebCite
- "East Los Angeles". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Latino Ranking - Mapping L.A. - Los Angeles Times". maps.latimes.com.
- Sharon R. Ennis, Merarys Ríos-Vargas, and Nora G. Albert, "The Hispanic Population: 2010", 2010 Census Briefs, issued May 2011.
- "East Los Angeles, California (CA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Search". factfinder.census.gov.
- "Diversity Ranking - Mapping L.A. - Los Angeles Times". maps.latimes.com. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
- "California: Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Bureau of the Census. 1997. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - East Los Angeles CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "East Los Angeles CDP QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. 2014. Archived from the original on August 19, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
- "MLA Data Center Results for East Los Angeles, California". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- "Cityhood for East Los Angeles". cityhoodforeastla.org.
- "East Los Angeles Station Archived 2010-01-25 at the Wayback Machine.." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Central Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - EAST LOS ANGELES." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Los Angeles Unified School District: Education K-12". Unincorporated Area East Los Angeles. 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- "East Los Angeles CDP, California". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
- "Amanecer PC." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Elementary School Named for Deceased Principal". Los Angeles Times. February 15, 1990. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
Renamed: an East Los Angeles elementary school in honor of its popular principal, ... Riggin Elementary School will become Morris K. Hamasaki Elementary.
- DiMassa, Cara Mia. "Los Angeles; Accord Reached on High School for East L.A.; Proposal aims to ease the enrollment burden at Garfield. It involves building on the site of an elementary campus." Los Angeles Times. May 22, 2004. California Metro, Part B, Metro Desk. B3. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "building the school on the site of what is now Hammel Street Elementary."
- "Ramona High School." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- Home page." Alfonso Perez School. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- Home page." la school report. Retrieved on March 09, 2017.
- "Project Details". laschools.org. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
- Merl, Jean. "Los Angeles; District Seeks Space for Charter Campuses, Eastside High School; L.A. Unified acts to provide land for charter sites under state law. Marchers demand a new campus for the East L.A. area." Los Angeles Times. March 31, 2004. California Metro, Part B, Metro Desk. B3. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "next-best site for a 2000-student high school: Hammel Street Elementary and some adjacent housing in East Los Angeles. The grade school would be moved."
- "Project Details". laschools.org. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
- "Our Lady of Lourdes LA." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Our Lady of Guadalupe LA." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "East Los Angeles Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "City Terrace Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "El Camino Real Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Anthony Quinn Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Atlantic Avenue Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Belvedere Community Regional Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "City Terrace County Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Eugene A. Obregon Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Ruben Salazar Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Saybrook County Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Eastside Eddie Heredia Boxing Club." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "Average Weather for East Los Angeles, CA - Temperature and Precipitation". weather.com. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
- "Helena Viramontes, Professor, Graduate Faculty Member". cornell.edu. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- "Biography". Office of Congresswoman Lucille Roybal-Allard. United States House of Representatives. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- "Bio". Hope Sandoval's official website. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- "Barcelona 1992: De La Hoya". olympic.org. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- Rivera, Carla. "East L.A.'s loss is personal." Los Angeles Times. May 22, 2007. p. 1. Retrieved on March 29, 2014. "Its alumni include an array of politicians, actors, comedians, musicians, artists and sports figures, including comic Carlos Mencia and boxer Oscar De La Hoya."
- "Edward James Olmos Biography (1947-)". filmreference.com. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- "Constance Marie". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
- "Sam Johnson Statistics on JustSportsStats.com". justsportsstats.com.
- Always Therro Magazine. "Rated Next" Marvin "Knife" Sotelo. September 1, 2016. p. . Retrieved on May 19, 2017. ""Marvin “Knife” Sotelo better known as Knifer, is a minister and campaigner against the US drug policy. He is an advertisement model as well as a rapper, producer, occultist, author, and record executive from East Los Angeles, California."
- "Sergio Mora - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to East Los Angeles.|