University of Leicester
The University of Leicester is a public research university based in Leicester, England. The main campus is south of the city centre, adjacent to Victoria Park. In 1957, the university's predecessor gained university status. For 2018/19, the university is nationally ranked 34th in The Sunday Times Good University Guide, 63rd by The Guardian University Guide and 29th in The Complete University Guide, it is ranked as one of the top 200 universities in the world by the 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the 25th in the United Kingdom. The university had an income of £302.8 million in 2016/17, of which £52.2 million was from research grants. The university is famous for the discovery of genetic fingerprinting and contributing to the discovery and identification of the remains of King Richard III, it is argued that the first serious suggestions for a university in Leicester began with the Leicester Literary and Philosophical society which had its interest in literature and philosophy in the old sense, meaning science.
With the success of Owen's College in Manchester, the establishment of Birmingham University in 1900, Nottingham University College, it was thought that Leicester ought to have a university college too. University colleges could not award degrees. In most cases students sat the exam of the University of London. In the late 19th century, presidents of the society Revered James Went, headmaster of the Wyggeston Boys' School, Mr J. D Paul called for an establishment of a University College However, no private donations to establish the University were forthcoming and the Corporation of Leicester was busy funding the School of Art and the Technical School; the matter was brought up again by Dr Astey V Clarke in 1912. Born in Leicester in 1870, he was educated at Wyggeston and Cambridge before receiving his medical training at Guy's Hospital, he was the new president of the Philosophy society. Reaction was mixed with some saying. With the outbreak of the war in 1914, talk of the University subsided.
In 1917, during the despair of war, the Leicester Daily Post urged in an editorial that something more of practical utility than memorials ought to be used to commemorate the dead. With the ending of the war, the local newspapers, The Leicester Post and The Leicester Mail encouraged donations to form the University; some suggested that Leicester should join forces with neighboring university colleges of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington and Loughborough, to create a federal East Midlands college, rather than an independent one. The old asylum building had been suggested as a site for the new university, after it was due to be finished being used as a hospital for the wounded, Astley Clarke was keen to urge the citizens and local authorities to buy it. Clarke learned the building had been bought by Thomas Fielding Johnson, a wealthy philanthropist that owned a worsted manufacturing business, he had bought 37 acres of land for £40,000 and intended not only to house the college, but the boys and girl's grammar schools.
Soon, further donations topped £100,000. King George V gave his blessing to the scheme after a visit to the town in 1919. Talk turned to the curriculum with many arguing that it should focus on Leicester's chief industries hosiery and shoes. Others had higher hopes than just technical training; the education acts of 1902 and 1918, which brought education to the masses was thought to have increased the need for a college, not least to train the new teachers that were needed. Talk of a federal university soured and the decision was for Leicester to become a stand-alone college. In 1920, the college appointed its first official. W. G. Gibbs, a long-standing supporter of the college while editor of the Leicester Daily Post, was nominated as Secretary. On 9 May 1921, Dr R. F Rattray, was appointed Principal, aged 35. Rattray was an impressive academic. Having gained a first class English degree at Glasgow, he studied at Manchester College, Oxford, he studied in Germany, secured his Ph. D at Harvard. After that, heworked as a Unitarian Minister.
Rattray was to teach English. He recruited others including Miss Measham to teach Botany, Miss Sarson to teach geography, Miss Chapuzet to teach French. In all, 14 people started at the University when it opened its doors in October 1921: the principal, the secretary, 3 lecturers and nine students. Two types of students were expected, around 100–150 teachers in training, undergraduates hoping to sit the external degrees of London University. A students union was formed in 1923–24 with a Miss Bonsor as its first president. In 1927, after it became University College, students sat for the examinations for external degrees of the University of London. Two years it merged with the Vaughan Working Men's College, providing adult education in Leicester since 1862. In 1931, Dr Rattray resigned as principal, he was replaced in 1932 by Frederick Attenborough, the father of David and Richard Attenborough. He was succeeded by Charles Wilson in 1952. In 1957, the University College was granted its Royal Charter, has since had the status of a university with the right to award its own degrees.
The Percy Gee Student Union building was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 9 May 1958. Leicester University won the first series of University Challenge, in 1963; the University's motto Ut Vitam
Regional development agency
In the United Kingdom, regional development agencies were nine non-departmental public bodies established for the purpose of development economic, of England's Government Office regions between 1998 and 2010. There was one RDA for each of the NUTS level 1 regions of England. Similar activities were carried out in Wales by the Welsh Government Department of Economy and Transport, in Northern Ireland by the Department of Enterprise and Investment and in Scotland by Scottish Enterprise and Highlands and Islands Enterprise. In June 2010 the UK government announced the abolition of the RDAs which took place on 31 March 2012, with a view to reducing the government deficit. There was no direct replacement for the RDAs as LEPs did not at first receive funding from central government, local councils did not receive an equivalent injection of income from central funds, having been called upon to make savings and support similar initiatives. Eight RDAs were created on 25 November 1998 following the Regional Development Agencies Act 1998.
In subsequent years their scope and powers were enhanced, a ninth agency, for London, was established in July 2000. The statutory objectives of the RDAs were: to further economic regeneration, they took over responsibility from Government Offices for administering European Union regional development funds. The RDAs were funded from HM Treasury via six central government departments: Department for Business and Skills Department for Communities and Local Government Department for Energy and Climate Change Department for Environment and Rural Affairs Department for Culture and Sport UK Trade and InvestmentThe funding from these departments was pooled, allocated to the individual RDAs; the total funding known as the'Single Pot' was as below. 2006/2007 — £2.244 billion 2007/2008 — £2.297 billion 2008/2009 — £2.193 billion 2009/2010 — £2.260 billion 2010/2011 — £1.760 billionIn 2009 a study by accountants PriceWaterhouseCoopers showed that RDAs were generating £1 for the local economy for every £1 of public spending, though this figure was estimated to rise to £4.50 when long-term investments in infrastructure matured.
Eight of the nine RDAs reported to the Department for Business and Skills, the exception being the London Development Agency, which reported directly to the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. Each RDA was led by a board of 15 people, appointed by BIS ministers; the RDA chairs were all business people, while the boards were made up of representatives of business, local government, trade unions and voluntary organisations. The day-to-day running of the RDA was the responsibility of the Chief Executive, appointed by the board, subject to approval by BIS ministers; the objectives of the RDAs were set out in the Regional Economic Strategy of each region. The RES was a document created and maintained by the RDA for the whole region, i.e. it was not a document to guide the RDA, it was intended to guide the work of other organisations also. Each RDA updated their RES on a regular basis by consulting with their partners, stakeholders in the region, including local government, voluntary organisations, private organisations, other interested groups.
The RES was submitted to the Department for Business and Skills for formal approval. The RDAs sought to achieve their objectives in a variety of ways; the most obvious of these was by funding projects aimed at addressing them, either directly from the RDA, or indirectly through a funded body. Secondly, they sought to influence other stakeholders in the region to take action themselves. Thirdly, they sought to influence the policies of central government where they might impact on the region; the RDAs worked together in a number of areas, with different RDAs taking the'lead' role in varying policy areas. Additionally, the RDAs jointly funded a central secretariat to co-ordinate this activity; the three northern RDAs collaborated on The Northern Way. Each RDA had a science and industry council made up of business and public sector experts; each SIC advised its RDA on innovation investments. Each region had a different focus, but all SICs contributed to the national Technology Strategy; this was done via a strategic advisory group on which the chairs of each science and industry council sat.
Following the June 2010 "emergency" budget, the coalition government announced its intention to replace the RDAs by smaller-scale partnerships between local authorities and businesses, known as local enterprise partnerships. The RDAs were abolished on 31 March 2012; the Regional Development Agencies were: East of England Development Agency, based in Cambridge East Midlands Development Agency, based in Nottingham London Development Agency One NorthEast, based in Newcastle Northwest Regional Development Agency, based in Warrington South West of England Regional Development Agency, based in Exeter South East England Development Agency, based in Guildford Advantage West Midlands, based in Birmingham Yorkshire Forward, based in Leeds England's RDAs Department for Business and Regulatory Reform - England's Regional Development
UK Trade & Investment
UK Trade & Investment was a UK Government department working with businesses based in the United Kingdom to assist their success in international markets, with overseas investors looking to the UK as an investment destination. In July 2016 it was replaced by the Department for International Trade. UKTI was formed in May 1999 as British Trade International, comprising two parts: Trade Partners UK and Invest UK. In October 2003, the former department name and two inner departments merged and became UK Trade & Investment to simplify the outward recognition of the organisation, to reduce confusion with the two departments. To support its aim to "enhance the competitiveness of companies in Britain through overseas trade and investments. UK Trade & Investment is an international organisation with headquarters in London and Glasgow in Scotland. Across its network UK Trade & Investment employs around 2,400 staff and advisers, including overseas in British Embassies, High Commissions and trade offices, regional offices in the nine English regions The delivery of many UKTI regional services within the United Kingdom is contracted out to other organisations.
In Devon and Somerset, UKTI regional services are now delivered by Serco, In China, the China Britain Business Council, another private body, is the provider. Business and university leaders work with UKTI as "business ambassadors", they highlight trade and investment opportunities. They focus on helping medium-sized enterprises. UK Trade & Investment brings together the work of the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and the Department for Business and Industrial Strategy; the UK Special Representative for International Trade and Investment works as part of UKTI to promote British business and produce. UK Trade & Investment has public-private partnership agreements with the Federation of International Trade Associations under which they contribute market research and other reports on GlobalTrade.net. UK Trade & Investment has an arms-trade branch called UKTI DSO headed by Sir Richard Paniguian. Official website
BBC East Midlands
BBC East Midlands is the BBC English Region covering Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, South Kesteven in Lincolnshire and some northern parts of Northamptonshire. BBC East Midlands's television output consists of the flagship regional news service East Midlands Today, the topical magazine programme Inside Out and a 15-minute opt-out during Sunday Politics; the television area is bigger than the region's radio area, because of the coverage from Waltham over Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire. In reality, Radio Leicester covers much the same area as TV reception from Waltham, including all of Northamptonshire; the region is the controlling centre for BBC Radio Nottingham, BBC Radio Derby and BBC Radio Leicester. On weekdays, the three stations carry local programming between 6 am and 7 pm before joining together for a nationwide evening show presented by Georgey Spanswick; the weekday'East Midlands Late Show' is produced at Nottingham from Sunday to Thursday, is presented by various hosts on air between 10 pm and closedown at 1 am.
BBC East Midlands produces regional news & local radio pages for BBC Red Button and the'BBC Local News' websites for each county. The region itself used to be part of BBC Midlands as one large region controlled from Pebble Mill Studios but was served by a small television and radio studio based on the top floor of Willson House on Derby Road in Nottingham; this studio supplied live reporter pieces and interviews as injects into the BBC Midlands evening programme "Midlands Today", which were seen by the whole region - the Nottingham studio produced some regional programming, including The Dog Show and Dennis McCarthy's Weekly Echo. However, to better serve East Midlands viewers, a few changes were made; the region was given an opt-out news service consisting of an opt-out within Midlands Today and some short bulletins, but this was expanded in January 1991, when a whole new region was created. The new region had a new news programme, although the programme's visual identity remained the same as its West Midlands counterpart.
The region is now much separate from the Midlands region. Although the East Midlands and West Midlands are similar in size, the Birmingham programme covers a larger area than the Nottingham programme because its region has three main transmitters, the Nottingham programme has one, of which the eastern half of Waltham's TSA is outside the BBC East Midlands area. Waltham is on the eastern edge of Leicestershire, is the main transmitter for south Lincolnshire. North Northamptonshire is near to Waltham as well; the journalistic coverage is different from the broadcast coverage because of the set of radio stations that are tied to the BBC East Midlands region, which are not. Peterborough and north Northamptonshire, although covered by Waltham, have their radio stations both tied to the BBC East region in distant Norwich, it began broadcasting in widescreen format in July 2002. In 1991 the TV studios, Radio Nottingham, the BBC region's offices were at York House on Mansfield Road; this became Nottingham Trent University's Centre for Broadcasting & Journalism, with the TV studios left intact, which opened in September 1999.
York House is soon to be demolished. NTU moved its broadcasting centre in 2009 to its Chaucer Building on Goldsmith Street; the Nottingham headquarters were built after the region was created and were state of the art when constructed in 1999, containing the newsroom for East Midlands Today, a small studio for use by regional news, accommodation for BBC Radio Nottingham. It is located on Nottingham. In addition to the main headquarters, the region has offices in St. Helens Street, Derby containing BBC Radio Derby, in St. Nicholas Place, Leicester housing BBC Radio Leicester. Both of these premises contain news bureaux for East Midlands Today. BBC English Regions BBC Local News East Midlands Today BBC East Midlands transmitter coverage map
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
The Department for Business and Skills was a ministerial department of the United Kingdom Government created on 5 June 2009 by the merger of the Department for Innovation and Skills and the Department for Business and Regulatory Reform. It was disbanded on the creation of the Department for Business and Industrial Strategy on 14 July 2016. Following the department's dissolution, it no longer has ministers responsible; the Permanent Secretary was Sir Martin Donnelly. Some policies apply to England alone due to devolution, while others are not devolved and therefore apply to other nations of the United Kingdom; the department was responsible for UK Government policy in the following areas: business regulation and support company law competition consumer affairs corporate governance employment relations export licensing further education higher education innovation insolvency intellectual property outer space postal affairs regional and local economic development science and research skills trade training Economic policy is devolved but several important policy areas are reserved to Westminster.
Further and higher education policy is devolved. Reserved and excepted matters are outlined below. Scotland Reserved matters: Competition Customer protection Import and export control Insolvency Intellectual property Outer space Postal services Product standards and liability Research councils Telecommunications Time Business associations Weights and measures in relation to goodsThe Scottish Government Economy and Education Directorates handle devolved economic and further and higher education policy respectively. Northern Ireland Reserved matters: Consumer safety in relation to goods Import and export controls, external trade Intellectual property Postal services Telecommunications Units of measurementExcepted matter: outer spaceThe department's main counterparts are: Department of Enterprise and Investment Department for Employment and Learning Wales Under the Welsh devolution settlement, specific policy areas are transferred to the Welsh Government rather than reserved to Westminster. Official website bis.gov.uk/ Archived WebsitePrecursor departments: Department for Business and Regulatory Reform Archived Website Department for Innovation and Skills Archived Website
A science park is defined as being a property-based development that accommodates and fosters the growth of tenant firms and that are affiliated with a university based on proximity, and/or governance. This is so that knowledge can be shared, innovation promoted, research outcomes progressed to viable commercial products; the world's first university research park started in the early 1950s near Stanford University. Another early university research park was Research Triangle Park. In 1969, Pierre Laffitte founded the Sophia Antipolis Science Park in France. Laffitte had travelled and developed a theory of "cross-fertilisation" where individuals could benefit mutually by the exchange of thoughts in many fields including culture and the arts. Science parks are elements of the infrastructure of the global "knowledge economy", they provide locations that foster innovation and the development and commercialisation of technology and where governments and private companies may collaborate. The developers work in fields such as information technology, pharmaceuticals and engineering.
Science parks may offer a number of shared resources, such as incubators and collaboration activities, uninterruptible power supply, telecommunications hubs and security, management offices, bank offices, convention center and internal transportation. Science parks aim to bring together people who assist the developers of technology to bring their work to commercial fruition, for example, experts in intellectual property law, they can be attractive to university students who may interact with prospective employers and encourage students to remain in the local area. Science parks may be designed to enhance the quality of life of the workers. For example, they might be built with sports facilities, restaurants, crèches or pleasant outdoor areas. Apart from tenants, science parks create jobs for the local community. Science parks differ from high-technology business districts in that they are more organized and managed, they differ from science centres. They differ from industrial parks which focus on manufacturing and from business parks which focus on administration.
Science parks are found worldwide. They are most common in developed countries. In North America there are over 170 science parks. For example, in the 1980s, North Carolina State University, Raleigh lacked space. New possible sites included the state mental-health property and the Diocese of Raleigh property on 1,000 acres surrounding the Lake Raleigh Reservoir; the university's Centennial Campus was developed. Sandia Science and Technology Park, NASA Research Park at Ames and the East Tennessee Technology Park at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are examples of research parks that have been developed by or adjacent to US Federal government laboratories. Science and technology park activity across the European Union has doubled over the last 11-12 years, driven by the growth of the longer standing parks and the emergence of new parks. There are now an estimated 366 STPs in the EU member states that manage about 28 million m2 of completed building floor space, hosting circa 40,000 organisations that employ 750,000 people in high value added jobs.
In the period from 2000 – 2012, total capital investment into EU STPs was circa €11.7 billion. During the same period, STPs spent circa €3 billion on the professional business support and innovation services they either deliver or finance to assist both their tenants and other similar knowledge based businesses in their locality; the reasons why STPs are sound investments for public sector support are becoming better understood and articulated. The evidence base shows that better STPs are not the landlords of attractive and well specified office style buildings. Rather, they are complex organisations with multiple owners having objectives aligned with important elements of economic development public policy as well as an imperative to be financially self-sustaining in the longer term; the Association of University Research Parks, is a non-profit association consisting of university-affiliated science parks. It defines "university research and science parks" as "property-based ventures with certain characteristics, including master planned property and buildings designed for private/public research and development facilities, high technology and science based companies and support services.
To enable these goals to be met, a Science Park stimulates and manages the flow of knowledge and technology amongst universities, R&D institutions and markets.
London Development Agency
The London Development Agency was from July 2000 the regional development agency for the London region in England. It existed until 2012 as a functional body of the Greater London Authority, its purpose was to drive sustainable economic growth within London. Projects were inherited from English Partnerships or done in collaboration with the Greater London Authority and other public sector organisations including the Department for International Development, the British Council, London College of Fashion alongside London boroughs. Members of the Greater London Authority commissioned a 2008 report on these projects, followed by another in 2009; the agency was closed on 31 March 2012 as a result of the coalition government's spending review. Some of its functions were assumed by the Greater London Authority itself; the GLA was required by the Localism Act 2011 to take over the assets and liabilities of the former LDA in the subsidiary corporation GLA Land and Property. The LDA was based at Palestra, 197 Blackfriars Road, south London.
The LDA Olympic Land team was based at London 2012 headquarters in Docklands. The board members were appointed by the Mayor of London, were: Harvey McGrath — chair Ann Humphries Edmund Lazarus Fran Beckett Ian Barlow James Cleverly AM Jeremy Mayhew Cllr Mike Freer Megan Dobney Cllr Peter Truesdale Steven Norris Susan Angoy Anthony Browne London Development Agency Think London Visit London Study London CompeteFor