East New York station

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East New York
LIRR train at East New York station, December 2017.JPG
Westbound LIRR train at East New York station in 2017
LocationAtlantic Avenue & Havens Place
East New York, Brooklyn, New York 11207
Coordinates40°40′34″N 73°54′21″W / 40.676053°N 73.905925°W / 40.676053; -73.905925Coordinates: 40°40′34″N 73°54′21″W / 40.676053°N 73.905925°W / 40.676053; -73.905925
Owned byLong Island Rail Road
Line(s)Atlantic Branch
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
ConnectionsNew York City Subway:
"L" train at Atlantic Avenue
"A" train"C" train"J" train"L" train"Z" train at Broadway Junction (three blocks north)
Local Transit NYCT Bus: B12, B20, B25, B83, Q24, Q56
Other information
Fare zone1
History
Opened1878
Closed1924 (Bay Ridge Branch platforms)
ElectrifiedJuly 26, 1905
750 V (DC) third rail
Previous namesManhattan Beach Railroad Crossing
Traffic
Passengers (2006)1,127[1]
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg LIRR   Following station
City Terminal Zone
(employees only)
toward Long Island
toward Long Island
  Former services  
Nostrand Avenue   Atlantic Branch   Warwick Street
Bushwick Avenue   Bay Ridge Branch   New Lots Road

East New York is a station on the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Branch in the East New York and Ocean Hill neighborhoods of Brooklyn, New York City, where that branch passes through the historic Jamaica Pass. It is generally served by the Far Rockaway, Hempstead, and West Hempstead Branches of the LIRR; the East New York station also formerly served the LIRR's Bay Ridge Branch until passenger service on that branch ended in 1924.

Station layout[edit]

3, 4 Atlantic Avenue station; transfer to L trains
2 Atlantic Avenue roadway
G Ground level Entrance/exit
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Track 1 City Terminal Zone toward Atlantic Terminal (Nostrand Avenue)
Track 2 City Terminal Zone toward Long Island destinations (Jamaica)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

This station is located at ground level, in the median of Atlantic Avenue, and underneath the elevated main lanes of Atlantic Avenue, with one eight-car side platform on either side of the two-track line; the north platform next to Track 1 is generally used by westbound or Atlantic Terminal-bound trains. The south platform next to Track 2 is generally used by eastbound or Long Island-bound trains. A closed ticket office is in the underpass connecting the two platforms, it has a staircase going up to the western triangular corner of East New York and Atlantic Avenues and another one going up to the northwest corner of Van Sinderen and Atlantic Avenues.

This part of the Atlantic Branch is fully grade-separated, and goes down into a tunnel on each side of the station, allowing the Atlantic Avenue main lanes to return to the surface; the only crossings of Atlantic Avenue here are the freight tunnel on the LIRR Bay Ridge Branch, a tunnel carrying East New York Avenue diagonally under the area, and elevated BMT Canarsie Line (L train) – and formerly the BMT Fulton Street Line – which passes over Atlantic Avenue. The Atlantic Avenue elevated New York City Subway station lies along this line, directly over this station.

History[edit]

Abandoned platform on the Bay Ridge Branch
East New York Station in 1873

When the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad opened in 1836, under lease to the LIRR, it did not include a station at East New York.[citation needed] The LIRR began stopping at East New York by early 1843,[2] eventually stopping at the Howard House at Alabama Avenue, shared with all the other horse car and steam lines into East New York.[3] From 1861 to 1877, East New York served as the west end of steam service along the Atlantic Branch.[4][5]

By 1878, local Atlantic Avenue rapid transit trains began stopping at a new station, Manhattan Beach Railroad Crossing, at the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway crossing at Van Sinderen Avenue. This later became the main East New York station, with only these local trains stopping at Howard House;[6] the Atlantic Avenue Improvement, completed in 1905, resulted in the closing of the Howard House station, and the expanded Manhattan Crossing station was renamed East New York. The elevated Warwick Street station, 18 blocks east, was also labeled as serving East New York;[7] it closed in 1939, when the elevated railway east of East New York was buried in the current tunnel.[8]

East New York was also a station on the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway, now the Bay Ridge Branch, from its opening in July 1877 until May 1924, when passenger service on the branch ended, it was initially at grade level where the lines crossed, but was placed in a tunnel in 1915; the platforms, under East New York Avenue, still exist. Until the 1930s, a grade-level freight connection existed in the southeast quadrant between the two lines.[9]

In 1924, the station was the location of a firework accident that resulted in Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co., an oft-cited court case on the doctrine of proximate cause.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Average weekday, 2006 LIRR Origin and Destination Study
  2. ^ "Long Island Railroad Co". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. March 4, 1843. p. 3.
  3. ^ "A Model Mass Meeting". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. July 22, 1870. p. 2.
  4. ^ Felix Reifschneider's 1925 History of the Long Island Railroad (The Third Rail)
  5. ^ New York and Vicinity Railroad Map from 1860 (BrooklynRail.net)
  6. ^ Employee timetables, November 4, 1878 and summer 1897
  7. ^ Employee timetables, 1905
  8. ^ LIRR Notice for November 1, 1939
  9. ^ Abandoned Stations: East New York

External links[edit]